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Diary, showing the Time when those Rhododendrons which flowered at Dysart in
1842 were in their greatest Perfection. Jan. 1. Rhododendron álbum fimbriatum White, with red spots. 27. arboreum var.
Scarlet. Mar. 1. arbòreum
Scarlet. 10. lapponicum
Purple. 20. dauricum
Pale yellow. 10. campanulátum
White. 18. alta-clerense
Scarlet, with dark spots. 23. caucásicum
Pale spotted. tigrinum
Pale spotted. May 4. Glennieanum
Pale pink. 8. Russellianum (fine)
Scarlet. 14. Cunningham's hybrid
Dark purple. álbum
Dark purple. June 6. pictum
White, with dark spots. guttàtum
White, with yellow spots. arboreum ròseum
Rose. 14. pónticum
Pale purple. púlchrum
Pale purple. contórtum
Purple. fòliis argénteis
Purple. flòre pleno
Pink and scarlet
Scarlet. foliis variegàtis
White. 30. roseum
Rose. Aug.18. anthopogon, second time of flowering
Pale yellow. I may observe, in conclusion, that the time of flowering varies much according to the season. Dysart House, near Kirkaldy, May, 1843. [The above communication Mr. Blair kindly promised to prepare for us when we paid a visit to Dysart House in September, 1811: it was read at a meeting of the Caledonian Horticultural Society in June, 1843, and forwarded to us afterwards by the Secretary.)
Art. X. Notice of a Collection of Spiræas, North American Oaks,
Abiétine, and Cupréssina, made in the Spring of 1843. By the
CONDUCTOR. Being desirous of having immediately under our eye as many species and varieties as we could get of the genera mentioned in the following list, and in particular of the North American oaks, the Abiétinæ, and the Cupressinæ, in order to study these tribes in a young state, we procured from the Horticultural Society's Garden, from Messrs. Loddiges, and from some other nurserymen, plants of the kinds enumerated below. We have given the names which we received with the plants, and those of the parties from whom we received them, for the benefit of other collectors, as well as to show what a very considerable number, of Cupréssinæ for example, may be obtained in British nurseries. We have not included in the list the higher-priced species of pines and firs, because plants of these we did not think it right to request from parties possessing them, except in the case of the Horticultural Society. As the nomenclature of spiræas is in a state of some confusion, we are very anxious to increase our list of that most beautiful genus, and shall feel particularly obliged to any person who will send us plants which appear from their names to be of different kinds from those we have got. There are also some of the low-priced Abiétinæ which we do not yet possess, and which we should be glad to receive from those who can spare them. For the plants already in our possession, we beg to return our best thanks to the Horticultural Society, to Messrs. Loddiges, to Mr. Knight, Messrs. Lee, Messrs, Whitley and Osborn, Messrs. P. Lawson and Son, Mr. May, Mr. Charlwood, Mr. Rivers, Mr. Low, Messrs. R. Donald and Son, and Messrs. C. Sclater and Son.
SPIREAS. S. opulifolia L. (Lodd.)
s, inflexa H. S. G. (Lodd.) S. o. nana Lodd. (Lodd.).
S. argentea Lodd. Coll. (Lodd.)
. (Lodd.) S. c. ulmifolia Scop. (Lodd.) S. nutans Royle. (Lodd.). S. c. flexuosa Fis. (Lodd.)
S. corymbosa Rafin. (Lodd.) S. c. sibírica Hort. (Lodd.)
S. vaccinüfòlia D. Don. (Lodd.) S. c. däùrica Hort. Lodd.)
S. laxiflora Lindl. (H. S.) S. c. betulæfòlia Lodd. (Lodd.) S. bélla Sims. (W. and O.) S. trilobàta L. (Lodd.)
S. salicifolia L. (Lodd.) S. alpina L. (Lodd.)
S. s. carnea Ait. (W. and O.) S. hypericiòlia Dec. (Lold.) S. s. paniculata Willd. (W. & 0.)
S. s. latifolia Willd. (W. and O.) S. ariæfòlia Smith. (W. and O.) S. 8. grandiflora. (Lodd.)
S. rotundifolia Lindl. (H. S.) S. s. mìnor Lodd. (Lodd.)
S. Scopa Lodd. (Lodd.) S. s. ròsea Lodd. (Lodd.)
S. físsa Lindl. (Lodd.) S. canadensis. (Lodd.)
S. Tobolski Lodd. (Lodd.) S. árctica. (Rivers.)
S. Nikoudiértü Lodd. (Lodd.) S. incarnata Lodd.
S. sorbifòlia L. (Lodd.)
S. Lindleyana Wall. (H. S.)
North AMERICAN OAKS.
1. White American Oaks. Quércus alba L. (May of Leeming Q. microcarpa Lodd. (Lodd.) Lane, Bedale, Yorkshire.)
Q. stellàta Willd. (Lodd.) Q. macrocarpa W. (Lodd.)
II. Chestnut Oaks. Q. Prinus L. (Lodd.)
Q. P. tomentosa Mx. (Charlwood.) Q. P. montàna Willd. (Lodd.)
III. Red American Oaks.
Q. tinctòria Willd. (Lodd.)
Q. Catesbæ'i sempervirens. (Rivers.) Q. triloba Willd. (Lodd.)
IV. Black American Oaks. Q. nigra L. (Lodd.)
Q. aquática Soland. (Lodd.) Q. marylándica Ray. (Lodd.) Q. Banísteri Michx. (Lodd.)
V. Willow Oaks.
Q. heterophylla Mz. (Rivers.)
TaxACEÆ. The species and varieties which we have collected are as follows, to which we should be glad of such additions as can be got:Táxus baccata fastigiata.
T. b. bariensis Knight. (Knight.) T. b. horizontalis Lawson. (P. Law- T. canadensis W. (Lodd.) son and Son.)
T. japónica Lodd. (Lodd.) T. b. fòliis aureis Hort. (Knight.)
I. Leaves 2 in a sheath.
wood, and P. Lawson and Son.) P. (L.) pyrenaica L. (Lawson.) P. s. uncinata. (Lawson.)
P. Pináster Ait. (Lawson.) P. s. haguenénsis Arb. Brit. (Law- P. P. marítimus. (Lawson.) son.)
P. Pínea L. (Lawson.) P. Larício Poir. (Lawson.)
P. P. crética Hort. (H. S.) P. (? Larício] neglecta Law. (Lawson.) P. halepensis Ail. (H, S.) P. (L.) austriaca Höss. (Lawson.) P. brúttia Ten. (H. S.)
Syn. P. nigricans Hort. (H. S.) P. púngens Michx. (Lawson.)
II. Leaves 3 in a sheath. Pinus rígida Mill. (H. S.)
P. pátula S. & D. (H. S.)
III. Leaves 5, rarely 4, in a sheath.
P. apulcénsis Lindl. (H. S.)
P. occidentalis Swz. (H, S.) P. Pseudo-Štròbus. (H. S.)
P. Cómbra L. (Lawson.) P. filifolia Lindl. (H. S.)
P. Stròbus L. P. tenuifolia H. S. (H. S.)
P. (S.) excélsa W. (H. S.) P. oöcarpa Schd. (H. S.)
P. Ayacahuète Ehr. (H, S.) Firs, LARCHES, AND Cedars. I. Leaves tetragonal, awl-shaped, scattered in insertion. Abies excelsa communis Dec. P. (p.) Pichta Arb. Brit. (H. S.) A. Clanbrasiliana. (Lawson.) P. balsàmea Arb. Brit. (Lawson.) A. orientalis Tourn. (H. S.)
P. (b.) Fràseri Arb. Brit. (Lawson.) A. nìgra Poir. (Lawson.)
P. Webbiana Arb. Brit. (H. S.) 4. n. var. gracilis Lawson. (Lawson.) P.spectábilis Lam. Monog. (Lawson.) A. Smithiảna Arb. Brit. (H. S.) Larix europæ'a commùnis Lawson. A. Morinda Hort. (H. S.)
(Lawson.) A. Menzièsü Doug. (H. S.) L. sp. from France, Laws. (Lawson.) A. canadensis Mc. (Lawson.) L. microcarpa Laws. (Lawson.) Picea pectinata. (Lawson.)
Cèdrus Libảni Barr. (Lawson.) P. (p.) cephalónica Arb. Brit. (H. S.) C, Deodara Roxb. (H. S.) P. (p.) Pinsàpo Arb. Brit. (H. S.) Araucària imbricàta Pav. (Low.)
C'UPRE'SSINA. Thùja occidentalis L.
J. c. suécica Ait. Hort. (W. and (.) T. (o.) plicàta Donn. (Lodd.) J. c. hibernica Hort. (W. and (.) T. Wareàna Booth Cat. (Lodd.) J. c. péndula. (Rivers.) T. orientalis L. (Lodd.)
J. alpina Raii Syn. (Lodd.)
J. bermudiàna L. (H. S.)
J. (S.) tamariscifolia Ait. (Lodd.)
J. (S.) sibírica Hort. (Lodd.) C. religiosa Lee. (Lee.)
J. (S.) Hudsoniàna Pin. Wob. (Lod.) C.sp. from Himalaya Law. (Lawson) J. phoenicca L. (Lodd.) Juniperus communis L. (W. and 0.) J. (p.) lycia L. (Knight.)
J. thurifera L. (Lee.)
J. repánda Hort. (Knight.)
Art. XI. Arboricultural Notices.
U'LMUS montàna péndula, which we have long tried to find the origin of, was, we lately learned from Mr. Booth of Hamburg, found in a bed of seedlings in the Perth Nursery, a year or two after the peace. Mr. Booth purchased the plant, and from it arose the whole stock here and on the Continent.
I'lex Aquifolium fastigiatum exists in a garden in the neighbourhood of Edinburgh, near the new cemetery, as well as in a garden in Derby.
Ilex Aquifolium péndulum, a very strongly marked variety, has also been lately discovered in Dalkeith Park, and, we believe, will soon be in the trade.
New Varieties. — Nurserymen should look over their beds of seedlings before they are transplanted, with a view to discovering pendulous varieties and fastigiate varieties, which, probably, every tree in existence is liable to sport into. We have, within the present century, found both of them in the common oak, the Scotch elm, and the common hawthorn; and one sport in several species, such as the pendulous common ash, sophora, &c. They should also, in the leafing season, look after varieties that come early into leaf, such as the Glastonbury thorn; in summer, those that sport in their foliage, such as the one-leaved ash, the eagle's claw maple, and the fern-leaved oak ; and, in autumn and winter, those that retain their leaves longer than usual, such as the evergreen privet. The time will probably one day come when every species will have its fastigiate, its pendulous, its early, its late, its variegatedleaved, and its abnormal-leaved, varieties.
Fagus antárctica and betuloides. - We have lately had an opportunity of seeing these interesting beeches in Kew Gardens. They are in a healthy state, and, we understand, strike from cuttings without difficulty; so that, thanks to the excellent system now pursued at Kew of distributing and exchanging with other botanic gardens and with the nurserymen, these trees will soon be as generally diffused as their merits will entitle them to be. (See Sir W. Hooker's Notes on the Botany of the Antarctic Voyage, p. 5t.)
ART. XII, On Laying out and Planting the Lawn, Shrubbery, and
Flower-Garden. By the CONDUCTOR.
(Continued from p. 373.) Tue design, fig 100., is a plan of the Roccoco Garden of Baron Hügel in the neighbourhood of Vienna, mentioned with so much praise in an article on the baron's country residence in our preceding volume, p. 150. For the plan we are indebted to a friend, who procured it at Vienna about a year ago. This gentleman observes on it, that, though the beds did not look so well in reality as they do on paper, from the acute angles of the lobes of the larger masses, and from the inequality of the heights of the flowers with which they were planted at the time he saw it, yet, as it is always supplied with the best kinds of flowers, and kept in the very highest order, it is the admiration of every one.
a and b are beds, we suppose, of low shrubs ; c, circular bed, separated by a zone of turf, e, from the bed d; f, border of turf; g, h, gravel walks; i, bed with a pedestal and statue in the centre; k, a small oval bed, separated from h, by a zone of turf; m, n, acute-lobed beds on turf; o, p, beds with lobes, terminating with less acute points.