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begun in the potting-shed, and the plants are afterwards nursed in the propagating house. I sow and strike, in a great measure, every thing of consequence with some charcoal amongst the earth; some plants are struck wholly in charcoal, and I sow seeds in
the same way.
Bicton Gardens, Oct. 8. 1842.
Art. IV. Report on rare or select Articles in certain British Nur
series and private Gardens. Drawn up from personal inspection,
or from communications received. By the CONDUCTOR, Being desirous of producing an Annual Report on the accessions of trees and shrubs made to the British arboretum, we advertised on the wrapper of the Gardener's Magazine, and in the Gardening Newspapers, in November last, inviting nurserymen, curators of botanic gardens, and gardeners having the care of private collections, to send us notices of what they had new, rare, or remarkable. We received a number of letters, which, with notes taken by ourselves in Somersetshire, Devonshire, Hertfordshire, &c., we have incorporated into the present paper.
Our readers will find some things new, or that appear to be so, and a number of articles of comparative rarity, or otherwise of interest. To determine what is really new, we ought either to see plants during the summer, or receive specimens of them in autumn, which we trust we shall do next autumn; or, what would be best of all, every person thinking he has any new tree or shrub ought to send a plant to the Horticultural Society's Garden, where it will be compared with what is already there, and its merits reported on.
In the meantime, the Report now submitted to our readers will, we trust, be of use both to collectors and nurserymen, and encourage both to be more copious in their communications in September next, for the Report which we intend to draw up for 1843.
There are those, and we are among the number, who dislike excessively the addition of trifling varieties to trees and shrubs, or other plants
. Nurserymen are much too prone to introduce such varieties, and we object to them, not only on account of their insignificance, but also because they tend to draw the attention away from new species. How easy would it be to introduce hundreds of varieties of the common oak, Turkey oak, holm oak, or common thorn! At the same time we acknowledge that almost all the most valuable culinary and agricultural plants, and most of the finest flowers, are varieties of the species to which they belong; and that truly distinct varie
ties are just as desirable as, or even more eo than, new species. Hence the great number of names which we have admitted in this Report of which we know nothing.
CORNWALL. Maldàceæ. – Plagiánthus Lampènii B. Booth. Botanical Reg. for 1838. No. 2032. ; Arb. Brit. vol. i. p. 363. fig. 89. (here repeated); and Gard. Mag. for 1839,
Carclew, the Seal of Sir Charles Lemon, Bart. – With the permission of Sir Charles Lemon, Bart., I forward to you the accompanying specimens of Plagiánthus Lampènä, an interesting shrub from Van Diemen's Land, which, in my opinion, deserves to be better known. It was described some years ago in the Botanical Register, from specimens communicated to me by the Rev. Robert Lampen, vicar of Probus, near Truro, and is noticed in the Gardener's Magazine, vol. xiv. p. 275. It was at first considered to be the same as Sida pulchélla of Bonpland; but, although greatly resembling that plant, it is unquestionably very distinct, as may be seen by comparing the specimens now sent, with the figure of the Sida pulchella in Loddiges's Botanical Cabinet, t. 1841. [The figure above given, from the Arboretum Britannicum, is from a drawing by Mr. F. Rauch, from a specimen taken from a plant at Spring Grove; and it so closely resembles the specimens sent us by Mr. Booth, as to leave no doubt of the identity of the species.] You have not mentioned it in the abridged edition Fig. I. Sida pulchela Bonpl. of your Arboretum Britannicum, on account, I suppose, of its being considered not sufficiently hardy for an English climate. In Cornwall, however, it thrives beautifully in the open border. There are plants of it here from 6 to 8 ft. high, nearly evergreen, and at this season covered with flowers, which renders it a desirable plant for the shrubbery, or for training against a conservative wall in those places which have not the advantages of a Cornish climate, - W. B. Booth. Carclew, Dec. 4. 1842.
DEVONSHIRE. Exeter Nursery; Lucombe, Pince, and Co.
We looked into this nursery twice in the course of September, 1842, and were much delighted with it. The entrance is commanding from the disposition and substantial appearance of the buildings, the gates, and the plant-houses, as seen from the road. We shall first notice the plant-houses, next the collection of specimens of rare bardy trees and shrubs, and the arboretum, and lastly the general nursery stock.
The Camellia-house we have noticed in our Volume for 1842, p. 652., as the finest thing of the kind we have ever seen. Though it has only been planted four years, many of the camellias are now from 12 ft. to 16 ft. high.
The Stove, which is a span-roofed house, contains many rare and valuable plants, among which we observed Nepenthes distillatòria running at least 30 ft. along the rasters, with pitchers of extraordinary size; and Cephalòtus folliculàris, a very rare plant, in vigorous health.
seen, and certainly in point of keeping it cannot be surpassed. We have not, however, seen the nurseries of Mr. Skirving of Liverpool, or Messrs. Dickson of Chester, for the last ten years ; and they may probably be, as indeed we have heard that they are, laid out with as much care as the Mount Radford nursery. The latter has the great advantage of being all laid out at once, unfettered by existing objects, or by being leasehold. We have heard that this was also the case with the ground lately taken possession of by Messrs. Dickson of Chester.
The dwelling-house of Mr. Veitch, sen., is one of the most remarkable features in the Mount Radford Nursery, and, in our opinion, does Mr. Veitch very great credit. It is not every one who makes a fortune by business that possesses the much higher quality, after having made a fortune, of living like a gentleman. We could mention several nurserymen, now no more, who had made perhaps larger fortunes than Mr. Veitch, but who, after having done so, had not the art of elegantly enjoying them. Mr. Veitch's house is in the Elizabethan style, elegant in design externally, and replete with every comfort and luxury within that any reasonable man could desire. It is surrounded by a portion of lawn laid out somewhat in the Elizabethan manner, but in which that style is not so fully developed as it is in the house.
From Messrs. Veitch's nursery are known to have been figured a number of rare plants, including Echites spléndens, E. atropurpurea, Rondelètia longiflòra, Lechenaúltia biloba, Gésnera zebrina, Manéttia bicolor, Begonia coccinea, and, in the very last published periodicals, Tropæ'olum azùreum, the beautiful blue nasturtium, so long a desideratum. They have a collector in South America, who has lately sent them some bushels of seeds of Araucária imbricàta, from which they have already raised thousands of plants, so that this fine tree will soon be as common as the cedar of Lebanon. As Messrs. Veitch and Son have at present the care of the arboretum at Bicton, and are rendering it as complete as possible, by collecting hardy trees and shrubs from every part of England and from the Continent, they will be able to form a very complete arboretum in their own nursery ; and we trust they will
The general Nursery Stock of Messrs. Veitch and Son ineludes many thousands of admirably grown young forest trees, innumerable ornamental trees and shrubs in pots, fruit trees of every description, trained trees, an extensive collection, pines, and even pine-apples. In a word, nothing that can be expected from a nursery is wanting in this establishment. No man in the profession of gardener or nurseryman was more respected than the late Mr. John Veitch, who founded this family and nursery ; and his descendants show themselves worthy of such a parent.
Summerland and City Nursery, Exeter; C. Sclater and Son. Sept. 30. 1842.The grounds are of considerable extent, and remarkably well, as it appeared to us, furnished with fruit trees. Mr. Sclater, jun., informed us that they have a very extensive collection of hardy fruits, with specimen plants of each kind bordering the walks. They have a new kind of grape from America, producing a very fine fruit with peculiarly agreeable flavour, and a most powerful perfume. They have some superb kinds of raspberries, and a great many articles from America, received through the kindness of Major Knox of Lindridge. Among these is a potato which may be said to produce two crops a year, as, when the first-formed tubers are taken away early in summer, a second set is produced late in autumn. This, however, is an old practice, both in Scotland and Lancashire. This potato is so prolific that Mr. Sclater thinks it will produce 3 cwt. per square yard, which is 33 tons per acre! Among the hardy trees and shrubs we noticed various good articles : Mahònia Aquifolium, with extraordinary large foliage and fruit ; Andrómeda floribunda, large specimens ; large plants of Ă'rbutus procèra, A. Andráchne, A. tomentòsa, &c., new unnamed kind from America; Gleditschia hórrida 15 ft. high, and 3 ft. in circumference, a very singular object, from the number and large
ness of its spines, which we mention in order to recommend this tree for introduction among odd specimens on lawns, or in glades in drives or pleasure-grounds. Escallònia montevidensis, remarkably fine specimens ; Magnolia Thompsoniana conspicua and fuscáta, from 10 ft. to 15 ft. high ; Adenocárpus intermèdius (Encyc. of Trees and Shrubs, p. 228. fig. 370.), 4 ft. high, a very beautiful free-flowering evergreen shrub from Portugal
, flowering from April to November, and ripening seeds, deserving a place in every collection ; Cunninghàmia lanceolata 10 ft. high ; Pinus austràlis, a fine specimen ; a great many camellias, some of which have attained a large size in the open ground; Mùsa Cavendishü, a collection of Orchideæ, and many other hothouse plants ; florist's flowers, including two beds of named tulips, each conraining 93 rows; a hybrid Russian anemone, and innumerable other articles.
We were much struck with the vigour of the raspberry plants; and a Dutch variety was pointed out to us which produces a much larger fruit than any in common cultivation. We noticed some plantations of cabbages of different kinds, respecting which Mr. Sclater, jun., gave us the following information.
“The Paington Cabbage is a very large and valuable kind, cabbaging very early, and frequently weighing from 20 lb. to 28 lb. The flavour is very superior, not having the least degree of coarseness, although it is so very large. In my opinion there is no other kind of cabbage to compare with it in that respect. It should be grown in a very strong rich loam, the plants to be 3 ft. apart every way. I have frequently seen the cabbage in the market divided into halves and quarters for the convenience of purchasers.
"The Cornish and Kentisbeare Cabbages are smaller and earlier than the Paington, but are most valuable kinds, being very early, and not requiring such a strong soil as the Paington : they may be grown much closer, say 2 ft. by 18 in. For the cottager, these kinds are more desirable than the Paington, as they do not require so much space, and produce excellent sprouts for many months after the first heads are cut. These are the principal kinds of cabbages grown in this county for garden purposes.
“The Nonpareil and Early Hope are both very early cabbages, but small. They are of excellent flavour, can be planted very close, and are very suitable for small gardens.
“ The Vanack, Wellington, and Imperial are also very excellent and profitable kinds of cabbage, in consequence of their giving a second, and frequently even a third, crop of very good heads from the sides of the stem. There are many other kinds grown in this neighbourhood ; but I consider those named above are the very best.-J. S. S. Oct. 1842."
DORSETSHIRE. Merriott Nurseries, near Crewkerne ; John Webber. - Cinerària Webberiàna, Paxt. Mag. of Bot. for July, 1842. A beautiful hybrid. See Gard. Mag. for 1842, p. 415.) Azalea indica Victòria, flowers of a light purple, and a profuse bloomer, with a weeping habit, the branches hanging down over the pot so as to cover it.
GLOUCESTERSHIRE. The Durdham Down Nursery, Bristol ; Garraway and Mayes. - We made a flying visit to this nursery on October 1. 1842, and were only able to devote an hour to what would have required a whole day. In the laying out of the nursery, no expense has been spared to combine ornament with utility; and every part is executed in the most substantial manner. The whole is judiciously thrown into compartments by main and secondary walks, and along the former are rows of specimen trees and shrubs, mostly named. There are hundreds of specimens that we should have taken notes of, if we had had time. The plant-houses are numerous, well constructed, and in good repair ; and the masses of rockwork and basins of water are, in regard to design and taste, of a very superior description.
Cirencester Nursery; W. Gregory. An excellent whole sheet catalogue of this nursery has the plants arranged as forest trees, fruit trees, and ornamental trees and shrubs, which occupy the greater part of the catalogue, with notices of stove plants, Orchideæ, Cácti, greenhouse plants, herbaceous plants, and florist's flowers. To all the trees and shrubs the prices are affixed. We regret we have not yet been able to visit this very complete establishment.
HAMPSHIRE. Rogers's Nursery, Southampton.—The Durmast Oak (Quercus pedunculata var. Durmast), Mr. Rogers informs us, is readily distinguished by the male catkins being of a grey colour, while the trees having red or reddish catkins are not the durmast variety, but the species. The leaves are broader, more pointed, and less deeply sinuated than those of the species. The value of this variety of oak has been noticed in our preceding Volume, p. 656. In mixed plantations, Mr. Rogers recommends planting an oak in every fifth space, which gives an oak to every pole, or about 360 to an acre. If the soil and situation are adapted to the growth of oak, he plants no other kind of tree ; finding, from experience, that the oaks shelter one another, and that the thinnings, on account of the value of the bark, and the solidity and durability of the oak poles, are far more profitable than the thinnings of any other kinds of trees that may have been planted as nurses. When he plants oaks alone, he puts in from 5000 to 7000 plants per acre. After the plants are thinned to the distance of a rod apart, or 360 per acre, they are allowed to remain until they become full-grown timber. We have lately introduced the durmast oak and the Pinus austriaca extensively in Suffolk.
(To be continued.)
Art. V. The Mode of planting early Potatoes in the Neighbourhood of Garstang, with a new Planting-Machine. By M. SAUL.
“ We live to improve, or we live in vain.” Having had several opportunities of seeing potatoes planted by this mode in the present year, and the crops produced appearing to be excellent, I am induced to describe the method to you, for, although not new here, it may be so to some of your readers. It is simply this.
The ground is first prepared in the following manner. A trench is made at the end of the bed about 6 in. deep, and the manure laid therein ; then another trench is made, and the earth laid upon the manure in the first to about the depth of 6 in. above the manure; then manure is laid in the second trench, and covered with earth in the same way as the first; and this is repeated till the whole bed is done.
The next thing is to plant the potatoes, which is done in the following manner. A line is drawn across the bed; the operator then takes the planter shown in fig. 2. It is about 2 ft. 6 in. long, with a handle on the top; the bottom end is rounded off; a bar goes through the upright about 6 in. from the bottom as a gauge for the depth it is to go into the earth, which is just far enough to reach the manure. One foot is placed upon the