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treated in the same manner, 3 ft. high and 13 st. 3 in. in circum-
Ft. In. Ft. In. Polygala oppositi
Scottia dentàta fine folia
40 7 6 Podolòbium chorozecordifolia 4 0 6
mæfòlium fine Pultenæ'a subumbel
staurophyllum do. làta
16 8 6 triangulàre - do. villosa fine
Mirbèlia dilatata 1 0 4 0 daphnöides do.
1 3 5 0 strícta do. ilicifolia fine 2 3
6 4 Muráltia míxta large
16 5 4 Corræ'a longiflora 2 0 5 0 Sóllya heterophylla quadriformis 2 6 3 6
very large. pulchella
3 0 4. 6 Mariánthus cæruleo. specidea
2 0 3 6
punctatus covers a Oxylobium arborés
wire trellis 4 ft. high fine
and 2 ft. 6 in. wide, retusum do.
flowering from top Pultenèe do.
to the bottom, all capitàtum do.
in one mass. Dillwynia rùdis fine
Gompholòbium tenél. spléndens do.
fine clavata do.
versícolor do. floribunda
1 3 4 0 pulchellum do. cineráscens
16 4. 9 polymorphum do. speciosa do.
tenuifolium - do. pungens do.
grandiflorum do. Borònia denticul. do.
Hòvea críspa - do. crenulata do.
do. serrulata do.
tomentosa do. triphylla do.
10 3 3 pungens do. anemonæfòlia 2 6 3 6 Manglèsii Cròwea salígna fine
lanceolata do. Eriostèmon buxifò
ilicifolia do. cuspidàtus - do.
Acàcia Brównüz do. Diplolæ`na Dampieri | 2 0 5 6 microphylla
do. Chorózema cordà.
do. Dicksonii do.
pubéscens do. inucronatum do.
dolabriformis 9 6 7 6 varium do.
and many others. ovatum do.
Bossiæ 'a rúfa - fine spartioides do.
do. angustifolium do.
fine. conférta, do.
Cytisus élegans fine
Height. Circumf. Name.
Ft. In. Cyt. racemosa fine Hardenbergia Comp
toniana - 2 04 6 monophylla longi
racemosa - fine PoincianaGillièsü do. Tropæ'olum tricolo
rum . finel brachý ceras do. grandifòrum do. Jarrátti - do. Chymocarpus pen
taphyllus - 'fine Helichrysum retortum
fine fasciculatum do.
spectábile - do. Leucostémma vestitum
fine Aphélexis hùmilis do. Lechenaúltia formòs. i 06 0
Drummondü 1 0 4 0 Brachysèma latifòlium
fine Plagiólobum chorozemæfolium
do. Platylòbium formòsum
fine Murrayanum do. triangulàre - do. Kennedya nígricans 4 0 4 6
Maryatta - 5 0 4 6 pannosa
2 0 5 0 Zíchya inophylla 2 0 10 6 glabrata
fine trícolor do. Pimelèa rosea
do. intermèdia - do. hispida do. sylvestris do. linifolia do. hypericifolia do. ligústrina do. incana
1 0 4 6 hispida rosea 08 4 6
Height. Circumf, Name.
Ft. In. Ft. In. Dracophyllum secúndum
fine Cosmèlia rùbra do. Stenanthèra pinifolia
fine. Gardoquía Hookerii
fine. Grevillea spléndens - 2 6
argentifolia - 2 6 6 6
sulphùrea - fine E'pacris paludòsa do.
fine ceriflòra do. lævigàta do.
variábilis do. Fabiàna imbricata
fine. Labíchea bipinnata - 1 6 4 0 Prostanthèra violà
fine Bánksia coccinea do. serràta
- do. quercifolia · do. speciosa do. Cunninghàmü do. dentata do. littoralis do. æ'mula do. formòsa do.
prostrata do. Dryandra nívea do.
armata do. plumosa
do. nervosa do. floribunda do.
The above are only a few out of the collection of plants in the New Holland House at Bicton.
Bicton Gardens, Sept. 28. 1842.
LETTER V. The Orange and Camellia House, Vineries, Pineries, and Peach
houses, Back Sheds, 8c. List of Camellias. I am now about to describe the Orange and Camellia House; but, as you took particular notice respecting their growth, health, bloom, bud, &c., and my method of training them into any shape I chose, &c., I need not make many remarks on the plants. [Tied into regular conical shapes with green packthread. Mr. Barnes will, we trust, give us the details in a future letter.] I will describe to you my own method of potting or tubbing them, as the greater part of them are in tubs. Orange trees and camellias are both of them rather a difficult tribe of plants to get into a vigorous state after once losing their roots, and after the soil has been allowed to get into a sodden sour condition. I consider the orange trees to look worse than any tribe of plants I have under my charge at this present time. As you requested, I will give you the dimensions of this noble house; and then describe the state in which I found the plants. It is span-roofed, 120 ft. long, 16 ft. high, and about the same width.
I found a beautiful lot of young Orange Trees when I first came two years ago ; but by some means, at some time or other, they had been so dreadfully treated for the want of water, that they had actually lost every root, and were as black as the ink with which I am now writing. I was actually obliged to get a large hammer and an iron rod, and drive it through the earth in the tubs to let the water pass. They had been planted in a very heavy red marl, not loam, and had been soured with water; then, by getting dry, the earth closed together as hard as a lime-ash floor (as it is called in Devonshire), and shrunk
from the sides of the tub, so that a mouse could run round between the roots and the tub. You
may imagine this was a curious way to see the roots of orange trees in, but so it was. I set to work and filled up this space as soon as I could; for what water had been given to them had run down this cavity, and out at the bottom of the tub as fast as it was poured in. I could do nothing more to them until the spring; when I took thenr out of the tubs they were in and put them into smaller ones, and the tubs at this time contain one mass of beautiful fibres. I have been all this summer preparing some beautiful loam for the purpose of shifting them early next spring (if I should live) into large tubs, and I intend to char a good heap or two of rubbish to mix with it, and plenty of stones.
I must here observe before going further, that I purposely keep their heads from growing this season to any extent, because they should make themselves properly strong at the bottom first of all; for it is of no use building a house without first laying the foundation : therefore, it would not be wise of me to force a fine head upon those poor trees for show, if they were so weak on their feet and toes as not
to be able to carry their fine heads after getting them. Yet I could turn them out into a draught, in a cold windy place, and allow it to cut their fine heads all to pieces, and then say it was not my fault, for I could not help the wind; but I should have too much regard for the poor plants to punish them that way.
Now, as you particularly wished me to give you a little idea of my System of potting Camellias, I will do so: it will no doubt be thought a rough method by some. Do you imagine that they have the mould sifted, and all the stones picked out of the soil in their native country? I always fancied they had not, and for this reason, I never saw any man in the woods or hedge-rows in this country sifting the soil for our native trees to grow in; nor do I believe those noble trees in Bicton Park (of which I have promised you a description some day) would ever have attained the wonderful size they have done, if men had been employed all their lives sifting the soil about them and picking out the stones. I get loam and heath soil in equal quantities, stones, and river sand, one barrow of rotten dung to eight of the above mixture, well mixed up together as roughly as possible.
Now, as I wish to be better understood than a certain author was when he recommended nitrate of soda as a manure for the Pinus, and was told afterwards, by those who had tried it, that they had killed all their plants, although they had done exactly as the author alluded to had prescribed, I shall try to explain my system clearly; but I do not ask any body else to follow it. In the first place all the soil should be sweet; the dung must be rotten and sweet (some persons would call dung rotten that came from a pigsty; I do not). No one should attempt this kind of work, who did not know something about it. The right season for potting camellias is when they require it; not because you observed your neighbour doing so yesterday, nor because you read in some man's noted calendar last evening when to pot those plants. You must judge by the constitution of what is under your care; and, till you know something about it, you will be apt to burn your fingers. Now, I give my camellias a good soaking of manured water, two or three times in the season, which would frighten many growers of them; therefore I only recommend it to those who understand both the properties of the soil they have already used, and of the liquid they intend using, or it will affect the plants in the same way as a pot of porter would a weak sickly person, if taken of a morning before breakfast.
I will now give you, as you wished, the names, &c., of some of the plants in this house.
Caméllia japónica. double white, se
veral large ones, some being Chándleri rosea Warátah Beálä eclipsis eximia Donckelàeri fine Cardinal do. péndula do. Vandèsia supérba
fine. Schotiana do. myrtifolia do. Fórdü
do. anemonifòra álba
do. Rósa sinensis do. celestina do. Sweetiàna - fine
large plants. nobilissima fine spléndens do. Dallas
do. Hume's blush large corallina fine Gillièsii do. Gillièsä striped do. Louis Philippe do. King
do. expánsa do. Blackburniàna do. Spofforthiana do Campbélli - do. Welbánkä do. epsoménsis
large Sabiniana do.
Height. Circumf. Name.
Ft. In. Ft. In. C. j. pulcherrima do.
trícolor do. candidíssima do. Pompònia - do. Colvillä do. delicatissima do. Pálmeri
6 6 18 0 5 011 0 6 0 9 6 6 6 18 6 8 0 10 6 6 0 9 0 9 0 12 6
worked on it 10 0 12 6 quadrangulàris 5 5 11 6 Jenkinsònü
6 6 12 0 hybrida
6 0 12 6 Ackermánnü fine
truncata - do. Witsènia corymbosa
fine. Rhododendron arbo
4 6 9 6 altaclerense 7 6
álbo, a very fine
very rare one.
and several others. Agapètes setigera,
very rare and
valuable plants 4 6 9 8
6 0 8 4 Canavàlia bonariensis
covering a large
numerous other valuable plants.
The Back Sheds. · As you expressed a wish to have some particulars respecting the sheds, store-rooms, &c., here, and I have at present half an hour to spare, I will just give you a few