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for the sake of variety, and the striking effect which it would produce from its novelty. At present, the most general mode of laying out pleasure-grounds, whether on a small or on a large scale, is to adopt the architectural, or the Italian, style, immediately on the lawn front of the house; and, where this style terminates, to commence either with the picturesque or the gardenesque style. We shall illustrate these two modes by two sketches. Fig. 47.

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represents a small pleasure-ground, laid out in the gardenesque style, with the trees and shrubs in vertical profile ; a b represents a terracegarden, embracing the house on three sides ; the fourth being the entrance front. The general surface of the ground is supposed to be flat, but the terrace is raised 6 or 8 feet above it, as indicated by the steps at a and b. At the base of the steps, the ground may be supposed to be 3 ft. above the general surface, whence it slopes gradually till it becomes united with it. A walk commences at a, and is continued by d and c to b. On the supposition that the grounds are more extensive than is shown in the figure, a second walk commences at d, and is continued through a shrubbery to the kitchen-garden and farm, from which it returns by c; so that either a long walk or a short one may be taken without going over the same ground twice. There are two circles marked w w, which represent basins of water for watering the beds, and for a few of the most showy water plants. All the beds are circular, and vary in diameter from 18 in. to 3 ft. All the naked circles are supposed to be planted with flowers, one kind in a bed ; or tem. porary shrubs, such as roses, cistuses, &c. ; while the others are planted chiefly with flowering shrubs, some beds containing among these a low or fastigiate tree. The greater number of the shrubs are supposed to be rhododendrons, azaleas, kalmias, lilacs, roses, cistuses, and other shrubs which make a great show when in flower, and form compact bushes at all times. In a number of the small circles, standard roses and dwarf or trailing plants grafted standard high, such as Cotoneaster buxifòlia, Halimodendron argénteum, &c., are supposed to be planted, in order to combine to a certain extent the singular with the gardenesque ; but the great object, in laying out and planting this lawn, is to exhibit a blaze of flowers from the windows of the house and the surrounding walk.

It may be necessary to observe that it is not essential to the gardenesque that the beds should be circular ; they may be of any other regular form, and they may even be irregular : but the circular shape is by far the best for entering into composition, either with one another or with scattered trees or shrubs ; and what gives it a decided preference over all other forms is, that it is best adapted for culture.

Fig. 48. is a plan, with the trees in elevation, of the same space of ground as in fig. 47. It is laid out chiefly in the picturesque style, but combines also

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301 Fig. 48. A Lawn laid out in the Picturesque Style, combining also the Gardenesque and the

Regular Styles.

the architectural, the gardenesque, and even in a slight degree the geometric, style. The entrance front of the house is at a, in the entrance court. There is a terrace-garden from b to c; and a walk commencing at b, proceeding by e and d, and returning to the terrace by c. The scenery from c to d, and also that near the water basins w w, is decidedly picturesque ; that is, trees, shrubs, and flowers are grouped together in the same beds. On leaving the terrace at 6, we pass between smali trees, such as thorns, crabs, &c., placed at regular distances like an avenue, with circular flower-beds between; descends by a succession of square tazzas of stone to the basin, which is bordered by a stone kerb.

b b are circles of grass to harmonise with the grass of the lawn beyond; in the centre of each circle there are a pedestal and statue.

cc are pedestals for vases, containing select flowers. dd are square beds for standard roses, and mignonnette in suinmer ; and winter aconite, crocuses, scillas, &c., during early spring.

List of Plants for the Flower-Garden fig. 50. By Mr. Frost. As the beds are narrow (3 ft. wide), Mr. Frost observes, I have confined the list to rather weak-growing plants ; if they had been 5 ft. wide, I should have added many things, such as petunias, salvias, &c., which would probably grow too large ; though some persons, by care, might render these kinds suitable. I have chiefly included such things as we grow here, and what I know to be good. The small square beds not numbered will do well for standard roses and mignonnette; but I should have in them crocuses of sorts, Scilla præ'cox, s. amce'na, Erythrònium Dens cànis (the three varieties), and snowdrops ; also tulips in the beds allotted for planting afterwards with pelargoniums, or any of the other bulbs alternately, as it gives the garden a gay appearance early in the spring. The stock beds, 16, 26, &c., might be succeeded by later-sown stocks, or clarkias, collinsias, nemophilas, or any other hardy annuals : indeed, they might be sown in the autumn for the spring show as well as for that of summer, and used instead of tulips where tulips are not to be easily obtained. I have endeavoured to pair the beds, so that each corresponding bed should have plants of similar habits ; and, should any one wish to deviate from the list laid down, they might readily substitute some favourite plant that might range for height and colour ; such as the verbenas, for example, of which there might be better sorts selected than I have now specified, which can be arranged according to the same principle. Philip Frost. Dropmore Gardens, March 7. 1843. 1. Nierembérgia gracilis.

20. Tropæ'olum majus fòre pleno. 2. Lobelia Erinus.

21. Calceolària viscosíssima. 3. Nolàna atriplicifolia.

22. Pelargonium, Ingram's scarlet. 4. Pelargonium, Cooper's dwarf 23. Lobelia unidentàta. scarlet.

24. Oʻxalis tuberosa. 5. Calceolària angustifolia.

25. Alonsòa lineáris. 6. Fuchsia Bréwsteri.

26. Rose-coloured German Stock. 7. White ten-week Stock.

27. Calceolària Stewartü. 8. Isótoma axillaris.

28. Gladiolus cardinalis. 9. Lobelia spléndens.

29. Pelargonium, cup-leaved pink. 10. Heliotropium peruviànum. 30. Pelargonium compáctum. 11. Pelargonium Daveyanum.

31. Verbèna, Ivory's queen. 12. Verbèna picta.

32. Verbena máxima. 13. Verbèna formosa.

33. Pelargonium pavoninum. 14. Lantàna Selloviàna.

34. Senècio élegans före pleno. 15. Pelargonium, pink nosegay.

35. Lobèlia propinqua. 16. Purple German Stock.

36. Pelargonium, Prince of Orange. 17. Lupinus nanus.

37. Scarlet ten-week Stock. 18. Ferrària pavonia.

38. Fuchsia globòsa. 19. Alonsoa incisifolia.

List of Plants which will keep up a Show of Flowers in the Flower-Garden

fig. 50. till June. By Mr. CAIE. 1. A'rabis præ'cox. White.

4. Alyssum saxátile. Yellow. 2. Eranthis hyemalis. Yellow. 5. Hésperis repánda. Purple. 3. Scilla hyacinthoides. Blue. 6. Tulipa Gesneriana. Scarlet.

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Fig. 50. An Architectural Flower-Garden. 3d Ser,-1813. IV.


7. Erythrònium Dens-cànis. Purple.
8. Ibèris saxátilis. White.
9. Vesicària utriculata. Light yel-

10. Polemonium réptans. Blue.
11. Lílium longiflòrum. White.
12. Adònis vernàlis. Yellow.
13. Phlox vérna. Pink.
14. Phlox procumbens. Lilac.
15. Narcissus papyràceus. White.
16. Tulipa præ'cox. Scarlet.
17. Fritillaria melèagris. Purple.
18. Narcissus Jonquilla. Yellow.
19. Aubrietia purpúrea. Purple.
20. Anemòne hortensis. Scarlet.
21. Scilla campanulàta. Dark purple.
22. Hepática triloba rùbro-plèna.

Double red.

23. Erythrònium Dens cànis albi

Aòra, White. 24. Hepática triloba cær.-pl. Blue. 25. Cheiranthus ochroleucus. Pale

Yellow. 26. Sanguinària canadensis. White. 27. Meconópsis cámbrica. Yellow. 28. Ibèris sempervirens. White. 29. Narcíssus minor. Yellow. 30. Corydalis nóbilis. Yellow. 31. Flumària formosa. Reddish. 32. I'ris vérna. Purple. 33. Cheiranthus Cheiri. Yellow. 34. Corydalis bulbosa. Purple. 35. Galánthus plicatus. White. 36. Crocus sativus. Yellow. 37. Scilla præ'cox. Blue. 38. Phlox ovata. Pink.


List of Plants for the Flower-Garden fig. 50., which will flower from June lo

September. By Mr. Caie. 1. Enothèra macrocarpa. Yellow. 19. Bouvárdia triphylla. Scarlet. 2. Verbèna spléndens. Dark crim- 20. Antirrhinum alpinum. Light pur

ple. 3. Sálvia chamædryoides. Blue. 21. Pelargonium compáctum. Scarlet. 4. Verbèna Thompsoniana. Whitish. 22. Petània, the Germ. Dark purple. 5. Frogmore Pelargonium. Scarlet. 23. Alonsòa linearis. Red. 6. Bouvardia coccinea. Scarlet, 24. Verbèna Hendersònä. Purple. 7. Verbèna, the queen. White. 25. Campanula carpática. Blue. 8. Calceolària angustifolia. Yellow. 26. Verbena Melin. latifolia. Scarlet. 9. Verbènateucriördes. Whitish pink. 27. Ivy-leaved Pelargonium. White. 10. Petunia erubéscens. Whitish pur- 28. @nothèra Drummóndü, pegged ple.

down. Yellow. 11. Verbèna Tweediedna. Scarlet. 29. Tournefortia heliotropioides. 12. Calceolària rugósa. Yellow.

Pale lilac. 13. Campanula carpática. Blue. 30. Verbena teucrioides. White and 14. Verbena Stewartü.

pink. ple.

31. Phlox Drummondü. Purple. 15. Verbena Forstèrü. Light crim. 32. Frogmore Pelargonium. Scarlet.

33. Verbèna amæ'na. Dark lilac. 16. Tropæ'olum minus flòre pleno. 34. Senècio élegans. Purple. Orange and yellow.

35. Calceolària angustifolia. Yellow. 17. Petània triúmphans. Dark pur- 36. Verbèna, the queen. White. ple.

37. Verbèna ígnea. Scarlet. 18. Calceolària integrifolia. Yellow. 38. Verbèna Imriàna. Purple.

Dark pur


List of Plants for planting the Flower-Garden fig. 50. By Mr. Pringle. Throughout the following arrangement, the plants mentioned first will be those for the first show of flowers. The low-growing plants or bulbs, called edgings, are to be planted in patches about 6 in. within the edgings of the beds; and in order to assist the amateur, or those who have not been in the habit of providing for flower-gardens, I have given the probable number of each plant that will be required, or at least the number that will be necessary to fill the bed ; but, as the number required to stock a bed will often depend on the strength or weakness of the plants, sometimes two or three less or two or three more than I have mentioned may be required.

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