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omitted, particularly in the communion service, were of little importance, or of recent and suspicious origin: and lastly, that the new matter added by the Reformers themselves had been derived from the ancient liturgies, or was at least conformable to them in spirit and substance. In the first of these he was sure of success : in the other two his failure is manifest and complete.
In conclusion, we may be allowed to express a hope, that in the foregoing remarks, nothing has escaped us to pain the feelings of any one, whose conscientious attachment to the Anglican creed has taught him to venerate the Anglican form of worship.. That worship it was not our wish to depreciate; though its merit is chiefly negative,—the merit of departing less widely from the ancient models than several of the forms adopted by other Protestant churches. Still it has departed too far to be classed in the same family with the liturgies of antiquity. They in some features may differ from each other: but their common descent is strongly marked by their general resemblance.
“ Facies non omnibus una, Nec diversa tamen, qualem decet esse sororum.” But this cannot be said of the Anglican worship. Its communion service proves it to belong to a different family, to be the offspring of a more modern and reformed creed. With the older Churches, the Eucharist was the celebration of a sacrifice: in the Anglican, it is confined to the administration of a sacrament.
Art. VI. –The Quarterly Review for December 1840.
N proceeding with our observations upon the subject of sary to make some apology to the reader. It is in the first place not usual for one Review to enter directly into a controversy with another. It may be observed, in the second place, that the prolongation of such a contention for several successive numbers of a Review, is of course much more unfrequent than the existence of the contention itself: whilst it may be said in reference to the particular paper called “Romanism in Ireland,” that it is in every point of view so completely contemptible, as to be utterly undeserving of any notice; and that in any event the exposures which we have already made of its absurdities, falsehoods and fabrications,
are so complete, as to strip the writer of the last rag of hypocritical and impudent assumption with which he had attempted to cover the sophistry and falsehood which literally make
the whole substance of the composition. In answer to these objections we have to say, that the article in the Quarterly, though supremely contemptible in the eyes of all persons who are acquainted with the real facts of the case, is yet a fair average specimen of the truth and ability with which the same subject is discussed in general by the party to which the Quarterly belongs; whilst the presumption of the writer, though farcical to the very last degree in the eyes of the well-informed, produced in the minds of many persons ignorant of the real truth, an impression that there must be some foundation for the assertions of a writer who openly arrogated a superiority of sagacity and of knowledge, above all persons that had ever administered or ever treated of the affairs of Ireland before. Of the falsehoods and absurdities of all sorts which make up this composition, we have already given some very significant specimens. We shall now proceed to lay before the reader a few additional samples of the same commodity. It being a principal object with the professor to prove that the outrages committed in Ireland are all the result of Ribandism, and that Ribandisi itself, whatever it be, is excited by the Catholic clergy, he naturally finds himself a little embarrassed by the notorious fact that the exertions of the Catholic priests are invariably directed towards the suppression of secret combinations of every form and for every object. Out of the difficulty created by this condition of affairs, he attempts to scramble in the following manner:
“But the priests denounce ribandism. Undoubtedly; the old priests did: and for so doing were ill-treated by their bishops. This has been proved. But so did Dr. Doyle. Undoubtedly.”—p. 156. “But the priests, it is acknowledged by witnesses, do give their assistance in repressing disorder. Undoubtedly. But do the same witnesses prove that whilst there is an open repression, there is a secret instigation of sedition?”—p. 157. This very elegant writer appears to have established such an exclusive right to the word "undoubtedly," that it is not without some apprehension of being charged with trespassing upon his property, that we venture to say that “ undoubtedly” it would be rather desirable that we should have been referred to some evidence upon the subject in respect to which the writer has uttered such infamous calumnies with so cool a confidence. He asserts, interrogatively, that
" the witnesses prove that while there is an open repression, there is a secret instigation” of ribandism. We are not informed what witnesses are referred to in this passage. But if the allusion be made, as it evidently is, to the witnesses who were examined upon the subject before the Roden committee, in 1839, we can with perfect confidence characterise the statement as a rank falsehood. We shall not content ourselves with making general allegations, which is the favourite course of the writer in the Quarterly, and which is perfectly suitable to his character and principles-Dolosus enim versatur in generalibus. We shall upon this, as upon every other part of the case, give our readers an opportunity of judging for themselves, by producing the very evidence which has been given upon the subject.
Captain Despard, who has been for seventeen years connected with the Irish constabulary, who has been a stipendiary magistrate since 1835, and who was one of Lord Roden's own witnesses, gave the following testimony before the committee of 1839, respecting the conduct of the Catholic clergy.
“ I have had communications with them whenever disturbances took place in the neighbourhood, and they have shown great anxiety to assist the police.”
“ The Riband system has been dormant for a considerable time in some parts
Ireland, in consequence of the exertions of the Roman Catholic clergy.” (3219.)
“ He heard from the priest that some persons with whom he had remonstrated had given up the society.” (3234.)
“ The Roman Catholic clergy in Meath used efforts beyond the common to put a stop to the Riband system.” (3269.)
says that he could give many reports, informations on oath, and many others, of the efforts of which he had been speaking, made publicly in the chapels from the altars: one Ribandman told him that he had not been to confession for many years because he was a Ribandman; another told him that he was obliged to leave the system, as the priest would not hear his confession.
“ He states another instance to the same effect, where several persons gave up the society because the priest would not hear their confessions, nor administer the sacrament to them, and declared that he would not visit them EVEN ON THEIR DEATH-BEDS, unless they had previously renounced the society." (4032)
“ Elsewhere he states, that the priests have made a steady resistance to the Ribandmen going to confession (3263), and that,
Where the Ribandinen are the most numerous, the priests are the inost anxious to put them down. The system puts an end to the power of the priest over the population.” (3287.)
“ He believes that they, the priests, look to the increase of Ribandism with THE GREATEST ALARM." (3449).
“ His belief is founded upon his own observation, upon the open and avowed anxiety of the priests, and upon the speeches reported to him to have been made by the priests at the altar."
“ Parish priests and curates have equally expressed their horror of it.” (3450.)
“ He states an ineffectual attempt which had been made by the Rev. Mr. Newman, Roman Catholic curate of Courtown, in the county of Meath, to induce a body of supposed Ribandmen to disperse." (4023.)
“ He states, that a Roman Catholic clergyman has sworn before him an information, which is to be prosecuted at the next assizes, regarding a proposal to shoot a gentleman nineteen miles off." (4072.)
“ Both classes of the Roman Catholic clergy have shown the greatest anxiety to assist in putting down ALL DISTURBANCES." (3448.)
Mr. Barrington says, in answer to questions 7457 and 7458,
“ We have oflen received information from the Roman Catholic priests." (7457.)
“ In the late disturbances in Clare, the priests preached against them from the altars, and did EVERY Thing in their power to put down the disturbances.” (7458.)
Captain Warburton mentions, as a specimen of the conduct of the Catholic clergy (14,005), " that he had, upon one occasion, found forly stand of arms in a search; that the success of the search was ENTIRELY owing to information furnished by the Roman Catholic priest," of whom Captain Warburton spoke in terms of the highest praise ; who afterwards was able to detect some other arms, which he caused to be delivered to the captain. The same gentleman says, that he “ was able to bring the perpetrators of an outrage to justice solely through the information given by a priest, and through his valuable and meritorious exertions, for which he received the special thanks of the lord-lieutenant, at the express recommendation of Captain Warburton himself.”
Colonel Shaw Kennedy says, “ The priests in Longford, and generally throughout Ireland, have used their influence for the prevention of crime. When I went to the county of Longford, they waited on me, and offered every assistance in their power in their respective parishes to prevent crime. And I have no doubt whatever, that they did every thing in their power for that purpose. If any violent address had been made from the altar, and had come to the knowledge of my inferior officers, it would have been their duty to report it to me. But I have never received
such report." (347-353.)
Captain Vignoles says, that “whilst engaged in prosecutions he had received very great assistance from the Roman Catholic priests, and that latterly." (4010, 4011.)
Captain Vignoles was a stipendiary magistrate for eight years, and in continual hostility with Lord Mulgrave's go
vernment. He was one of Lord Roden's witnesses. At the late election he was the Tory candidate for Ennis.
Mr. Ford, sessional crown prosecutor for the county of Meath, says" That he has known them always-invariably—to denounce
SECRET SOCIETIES, and endeavour to prevent crime; and that he has known them to give such information as to prevent the commission of crime.” (14,184, 14,786, 14,909.)
Mr. S. Jones, a stipendiary magistrate, says, “ I have in many instances received the greatest possible assistance from the Roman Catholic clergymen in the preservation of the peace : I can cite instances of it, if your lordships please."
Mr. Jones is an Englishman, for sixteen years connected with the constabulary force. It is unnecessary to say that their lordships did not please to hear anything further on that side of the subject. The witness, however, says, that
“ The Roman Catholic priests supplied the means of prosecuting lo conviction : that he acted on the information which they gave, and several men were convicted upon it: and that he received assist. ance from them in every INSTANCE where they could afford it." (14,528, 14,529, 14,530.) Mr. Drummond says,
“ the conduct of the Roman Catholic clergy, as far as it has come within the observation of government, has always been most EXEMPLARY. The Constabulary Reports abound with instances of exertions made by the Catholic clergy, with regard to every cause which tends to a violation of the laws. I cannot therefore, express myself too strongly when I am questioned as to my belief in their sincerity." (13,992-13,375.)
Mr. Cahill, sessional crown prosecutor for Tipperary, says, “The amount of crime is GREATLY REDUCED by the influence of the priests, and but for that influence there would be in Tipperary a much greater quantity of crime than there is at present. The priests are THE BEST POLICE against the commission of crime : they use EVERY EXERTION to suppress it, and in MANY INSTANCES do succeed.” (10,851.)
Mr. Howley, the assistant barrister of the county of Tipperary, states, “that the Roman Catholic clergy have always (as far as his experience goes) endeavoured by their influence to prevent crime, and that they have shown extreme anciety to keep the people from acts of riot and tumult." (10,157.)
Major Warburton says, “ No complaint has been ever made to me of their having ever recommended CRIME OF ANY SORT!”
The same witness also gave the following evidence:
“I have very frequently received very active assistance from them; they have been generally very anxious to assist in preserving the peace and discovering the perpetrators of crimes, and have given previous notice, both lo the police and to the intended objects of attack, of offences about to be committed, so as to prevent the commission of the offences." (821-27, 850.)