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others are but appendages and accompaniments. He who should contribute his services to effect an end so desirable, but which the straitened poverty of these zealous missionaries themselves, having “neither silver nor gold, scrip nor purse, cannot effect, would have achieved a greater triumph for the Church cause than can be obtained at a tenfold outlay of labour and money in any part of Protestant Europe. For, while no part of Southern Africa but demands with urgency the establishment of a poor school for both sexes, it is especially at Capetown in the west, and Graham's Town in the east, that these are needed for females.

The devout sex, whose queenly patroness claims among her countless titles that proud one-“Destructress of heresies," did, in the order of Providence, pepare the way at the Kentish court for the coming of St. Augustine : and not alone ours, but many a heathen country, while yet untrodden by the bare foot of its monk-missionary, hath begun sweetly, and yet unconsciously, to draw itself to Christ, by the silver cords which a woman's hand has laid within its grasp. And unobserving would he be, who should dream of promoting religion among the naturalists in our Colonial possessions, by schemes of action wherein the male adults are to be prominent objects or instruments. The liberality and piety of Dr. O'Flynn, a Catholic physician long resident in Stellenbosch, one of the most delightful villages in the world, have placed at Dr. Griffith’s disposal a very eligible site there, for such a pious foundation of


kind as hereafter his means may enable him to establish; and it would be there, that at an expense comparatively small, and almost immediately upon disembarkation, that the first colony of religious that ever visited the Cape of Good Hope, might be suitably and successfully located.

At Graham's Town, 480 miles E. of Capetown, important as the capital of the eastern division of the colony, and the seat of the lieut.-governor, there are two priests, the Rev. Thomas Murphy and the Rev. Joseph Griffith, who are attended by about four hundred Catholics, chiefly Irish, besides the soldiers of our communion in garrison there, generally amounting to two or three hundred more. One of these priests receives from government a salary of 1001, a year. The scarcity of money, and the very high wages which workmen earn in Albany, will long retard the completion of the church which they have begun to build. One of the priests occasionally visits, on the Great Fish River, 40 miles E. of Graham's Town, a few Irish yeomen, who are building a little chapel; and at Fort Beaufort, 70 miles to the N.E., the Irish Catholic soldiers there, now amounting to three hundred, and the French, Dutch, and Irish farmers, in its vicinity. Hitherto these labours have been gratuitous, but we would respectfully ask Her Majesty's secretary of state for the colonies, and our Catholic members of both houses of parliament, whether they shall remain such any longer? and whether those who fill their country's armies do not deserve to obtain, at their country's expense, and wherever their duties call them, not only the daily ration of their material bread, but, what is at least as precious in their sight, the bread of life? The smaller forts more or less remote from Graham's Town, such as Forts Peddie, Bathurst, Cradock, &c., are also visited by these zealous priests, so far as their miserably scanty means will allow them. Their sunday school in that town is pretty well attended. At Port Elizabeth in Algoa Bay, and the adjoining district of Uitenhage, about 430 miles east of Capetown, comprising altogether from sixty to seventy Catholics of all nations, the Rev. Mr. Corcoran, O.S.D., is the resident missioner. He is entirely supported out of the slender funds of his lordship the vicar-apostolic, as the number is considered by the government to be too small to justify the outlay of any public money there. It is only when the congregation can number a hundred souls that the governor will even entertain an application for the support of a priest. It may be as well to remark in this place, that the senior chaplain of the Anglican persuasion at Capetown derives from the colonial treasury the yearly salary of 7001. for his duties, which are strictly urban ; that his brother clergyman at Graham's Town has 4001. a year; that the worst paid parson of the same Church receives from the crown 1501. á year; that the first minister of the Dutch Reformed Church at Capetown has 400l. a year, and his two assistants 3001. a year each; and that, in every

other locality, the minister of that Church has 2001., and very often 3001.


аппит. Not a farthing has been received by our fellow-Catholics in that Colony from the government, in respect of education, neither is any such assistance at present probable. And yet the respectable Wesleyan, who writes pious books about black men, and sends them home to his friends of the “ Conference to read at tea-time to rich and foolish old dowagers, asserts that “Roman Catholics," in common with sects among which his own is not, “ have received, and still receive, support for their religious and educational institutions,” to such an extent as to make his



Wesleyans in South Africa" feel that “the Colonial ment has not even done them justice”!!*

A colonial possession of Great Britain, the Cape is in some respects the common ground of all Europe, nay of all the commercial world. It is the marine Oasis, the ocean half-way house, of all the pilgrims of those briny deserts that divide and connect together the continents and archipelagoes of the terraqueous globe. Beside itself, there is no depôt within a thousand miles and more, where ships and seamen may repair their losses, or recruit their resources. Emigrants, deported upon the private speculations of a wellknown bankrupt city-trader, or, more mercifully, conveyed in ships chartered at the government expense, and superintended by officers responsible to government, are glad to find in Table Bayf the supplies of water, vegetables, and livestock, and the momentary relief to the monotony of their long voyage, but for which the prospect of high wages and cheap food in their Austral-asiatic home, would scarcely counterbalance the perils of famine and distemper upon the road. As a military post and naval station, and a preparative to the heat of Ceylon and British India, we need not here recite the famous testimony of Lord Wellesley, nor the corroboration of his judgment, by our second expedition to the Cape, and our subsequent experiences. Our merchants know the advantages which their China trade derives from the Cape of Good Hope, and will derive so long as that colony prospers. The whalers of all nations find among the seas which roll from the Cape to Van Diemen's Land, no port of shelter for themselves, or refreshment for their crews; and the barks which, under many a flag besides the British, carry the produce of European civilization to Java, Timor, Singapore, Madagascar, Bourbon, Mauritius, and the isles of Africa, Asia, and Oceanica, confess the foresight of the prince who saw in the “ Cape of Storms the future mariner's “ Good Hope.” The invalids of India, and even of

* Boyce's Notes on S. African Affairs, &c. App. xxxiii.

† We suggest to the Emigration Office, that in every port where an emigrant ship touches, the Catholics on board should either be allowed to visit their priests on shore, or that, at the ship's expense, boat accommodation should be provided for the priests to and from the vessel. The want of this arrangement has been severely felt by the missioners at Cape Town, since emigration to South Australia, New Zealand, and Port Philip, has begun, and emigration to New South Wales has increased tenfold. Scarcely a ship of the kind but has many Catholics on board; and the priests at Cape Town must therefore choose between the painful alternatives of leaving these poor people with their spiritual wants unadministered altogether, or of taxing for their sakes the slender funds of which they are possessed in trust for the spiritual wants of the Cape colonists only. A boat's hire is very high in Table Bay: it is never less than six shillings, and in rough weather it may amount to twelve pounds.

, Mauritius, as well as those of foreign settlements in the great Indian Ocean, come yearly thither for interment or restoration, and would bless for ever the Catholic munificence, which should supply them from Europe with a religious hospital for their reception, under the pious charge of the daughters of St. Vincent à Paulo, or other sisters, emphatically of charity. It should be, not an English, but an European task; nay more, not European, but Catholic! The desolate criminals upon Norfolk Island, whom freedom must not approach even in the shape of the freeman, have, it is said, called down pity from imperial Hapsburgh, and pious alms from Ferdinand I But these were strangers to his name and nation; while they at the Cape, who “ walk in darkness and death's shadow," have among them many Teutons. And still those few labourers who continue to emigrate hitherward, are, for the most part, and in many senses the better part, Germans from Hamburgh or the Rhine. And finally, as we stated at the outset, the Catholic colonists are men of many an European race; Irish abound, and English ; but Dutch, Belgian, French, Portuguese, Polish, German, and Italian colonists swell their congregations. But what has Protestant Europe done? This is the great theatre of the missions of heresy. It has pushed forth here its shoots and suckers, although, so far the soil, thank God, has proved ungrateful: and they strive not. Independants, Moravians, Wesleyans, Scoto-Calvinists, Baptists, Anglicans, Bible Union, all the associations or societies of Great Britain have branches or affiliations at the Cape. And continental heresy, of many national shadings, has sent thither, too, its Berlin Evangelical Society, its Rhenish Society, its French Missionary Society, and the like, to sow tares and weeds upon the waste, which still awaits the good seed in the hand of the Lord's sower, and the dews of grace, and the ray

that lighteneth unto faith, and warmeth unto charity for then only itself, reacting upon its agent, will bloom with life, and clothe its arid nakedness with a fruitful vegetation. And not only Europe has engaged herself in that fruitless and unblessed labour, but her American offspring has begun to rival her in the same exertions, and in the same disappointFor American societies, of various denominations,


have many colonies here, with establishments as well supported of accursed Mammon, as are the others we have mentioned. Far be it from the “full of goods" and the flourishing establishments of error, to see blessings in this prosperity! Are not the poor God's children? Long after their wealth has become as nought, and “ rich men weep and howl for the confusion" of those glorious establishments which trusted in their temporalties, and which, having no hope in the Word of God, sought to “live by bread alone,” much cause will God's Church derive for thankfulness from the remembrance of the holy covetousness, and the self-enriching poverty, wherewith she hath ever been inspired to say unto their erring brethren,-“ Da mihi animas, -cetera tolle tibi.” But not for this should Christendom forget its duty, nor refuse to derive example from its enemies. Its sons are “ the children of the light," and long may they walk therein! but not for this should they suffer any longer “ the children of this world” to be the wiser in their generation. The French Protestants are represented at the Cape,—where are the representatives of the national faith? The Berlin Society instil the poison of apostate Brandenburgh, will Munich not supply the antidote? The so-called Rhenish Society traduces the proud name it borrows, by the propagation on an African shore of the inanities which the men of the Rhine rejected with contempt and derision ;-will they forego the glory of the deed, in the uttermost corners of the earth, and suffer them they have cast forth from among them, to wear

and assume to be their spokesmen ? The lay community in the Cape Colony affords the same anomalous appearances to an observing eye, that more glaringly present themselves in India and the West Indies, as the separate characteristics of those two widely distant portions of the empire. The West Indies have had their slaves, and now have their coloured peasantry, freshly endowed with freedom; so had and so has the Cape of Good Hope. India has within the British sway an enormous population, indigenous to the conquered soil, and holding our Christianity in abhorrence, and our institutions in dread; and, from without our jurisdiction, she has other nations more powerful than those who own our power, ready to turn against us the civilization they derive perpetually from our proximity, and certain to become our fastest friends and surest allies, when the sons of St. Francis Xavier shall have won

their name,

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