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Correspondence. The Editor is not responsible for the opinions of the Correspondents.

To the Editor of the Churchman's Companion.


Fold, unsanctified it was not ac

cepted, eclipsed by fear it could THE IRISH CHURCH,

not be received: therefore I have SIR, – Through the medium of

said, only the letters JESUS the Churchman's Companion I

thus spoken could not save them would affectionately ask the Catho

from the fiery trial. lics of the English Church to re

To a Catholic nothing can be member the Irish Church in their

sweeter than approaching death, devotions during the present crisis

for to such the dissolution of the in her history, that the Catholic

body is the transport of the soul ; verities which she holds in com

the joys or trials of the present mon with her English sister may

are lost in the contemplation of be preserved to us through all

His Presence in the future. O how generations, so that Ultra-Protes

blessed would it be were the erring tantism may not swallow up the

Christian rightly guided there ! truth which it is her mission to

Many are sincere in their belief. teach in this benighted land.

Despising the traditions of Holy Yours, &c., A CATHOLIC.

Church they carry their hereditary

tradition to the tomb—That the ' EVERY ONE HAD FOUR FACES,"

Bible is the only ground of faith, EZEK. 1. 6.

that departures from established

rites and ceremonies are the occaFace IV. Sincere.

sion multarum pravitatum, of many SIR,—Many of those who now errors, and that the opinion of one undergo the punishment due to is of more importance than the unremitted sin in the place of pur- belief for centuries of many. These gation to come must have walked are sincere in their intolerance, in sincerely and confidently in the their blindness, in their hardness darkness, having never seen the of heart. They may perish in light. But if the blind lead the this world, but may their heresies blind,” says our Blessed SAVIOUR, pass with them from the soul of “both shall fall into the ditch” man, and let them, O LORD, be and into sins, to be pardoned only converted again in the regions by fiery penance and bitter pain. beyond. “ Da eis Domine. Quid Being purged they shall at length dabis eis ? Da eis vulvam sine be clean, being

washed in JESUS' liberis et ubera arentia." ThereBlood their sins shall be forgiven, fore these descend where heresy is and when every taint of sin is

burned away. wiped away then they may ascend There are others who are sincere at the call of their Redeemer into in their way of life. To do their Heaven. I have known many duty to man that their duty to God who have died with the name of may, follow is their sole regard. Jesus on their lips; they departed Holding the respect of man their from a world of care, but we dare idol they do not know that man's not assume that they have gone to duty springs from God's, not God's & world of reet. Their love to from man's. Therefore these do err CHRIst did not lead them to His / sincerely, and descend where love is

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Southern Picts until the year of his death 432, A.D. He built the first stone church, at Whithorn near Wigton, in which church he was interred. He is said after death to have worked various miracles. His tomb became a pilgrim shrine, and was visited by Queen Margaret of Anjou, in 1473 A.D., and by the Kings James IV. and James V. of Scotland. S. Ninian was also Bishop of the Picts.-Yours, &c., CENTIA.

[H. gives a similar account.ED. C. C.]

S. JULITTA, SIR,—In answer to your correspondent Vivo respecting S. Julitta I find notice of two martyrs of that name. One put to death July 30, 303; the other June 16, 304. I am inclined to think this must be a chronological error, and the two are identical.-Yours, &c., H.

COST OF BOYS' SURPLICES. SIR,–In answer to your correspondent M. D, T., I beg to say that surplices for choirs are supplied by the Sisterhood of the parish to which I belong, at the following prices.

Priest's surplices, £1. 1s. Choir men's ditto, 14s. Boys' ditto, 8s. Should M. D. T. wish to send an order to this Sisterhood it can be done by addressing a letter to M. D. A., care of the Editor of the Churchman's Companion, which I will forward to the Sisters.Yours, &c., M. D. A. SCRIPTURAL ALLUSIONS TO THE

FUTURE STATE. SIR,C. A. M. W. cannot do better than read the Bishop of Ely, (Harold Browne) on the XXXIX. Articles, Article VII.--Yours, &c., H. B.

THE OFFERTORY. SIR, -I cannot consider the apology offered by WALTER for

purged of the dross which enfolds it and heresies are burned away.

Many are they who are sincere in evil; doing evil for it is evil; avoiding good because it is good. Not to a place of purgation or rest we fear do these tend, but to an unfathomable hell. They are sincere in the service of Satan, according to their sincerity by him are they rewarded; as for God, He will punish their iniquity, He will visit their sin. Quia ventum seminabunt et turbinem metent. Therefore as chaff shall they be burned up, root and branch, like the barren figtree withering in the fertile fields of Palestine, as thorns and briars in the garden of the LORD, as the tares in the gathered harvest of His field. Not "Requiescant in pace," no, but “The harvest is passed, the summer is ended,” is a better epitaph for their unhallowed tombs.--Yours, &c., H. J. Y.

S. NINIAN. SIR, -I would inform your correspondent M. H. R., that S. Ninian was the son of a petty chieftain of a British tribe and was born A.D. 357, probably on the north-west coast of Cumberland. When he was about twentyone he went to Rome, where after staying many years, he was consecrated Bishop by S. Siricius, A.D. 397, and sent by him as á missionary to the western portion of the northern counties of England and the Scottish lowlands. He fixed his see at Withern in Galloway, where he formed a religious community. He converted many of the Picts to the true faith, and after a long and laborious life fell asleep on September 16, A.D. 432, on which day his memory was celebrated in the Scottish Church as one of their chiefest saints.Yours, &c., H. A. S. N.

SIR, I have the pleasure of informing M. H. R., that S. Ninian or Minyas, was an apostle to the


certain churches in reference to their employment of the Offertory by any means satisfactory.

1. He admits that they do next to nothing for missions, but he defends them, because the agents in the conduct of missions are not what we could desire. Assuming this criticism to be just, I would say, first, that a workman must get the best tools he can: it will be no excuse for him to remain idle, because his tools are indifferent. And after all, I suppose the missionary clergymen and Bishops who send them

out and direct them in their several stations, are not materially worse than the home clergy.

But 2. WALTER seems to forget that it is God alone who "gives the increase," and if this be so, we are not likely to get any fresh blessing from Him, so long as we neglect His rule to go and make disciples of all nations."

But again, WALTER tells that these Congregations give largely to such places as Clewer and Brighton. If they do, I must take leave to say, the fact does not appear in any of their public statements that I have seen, and I should quite have thought too that those wealthy societies could have supported themselves.

With regard to the condition of the offertory at S. Matthias', I am glad to be corrected by WALTER, who appears to be acquainted with the facts of the case. I did not write, however, without what seemed to me good authority. I had been informed that the offertory of that church had diminished nearly one half.--Yours, &c., INQUIRER.



SIR, I should be glad of some information on the following subjects.

As it is the custom in some

churches for the whole congregation to stay in the church during the Communion Service, to be present at the Sacrifice, though not to communicate, what would be a reason for abstaining from communicating as often as present, and how often are the faithful recommended to communicate? In what way is a priest to be regarded in the prayers of the Church for the people and minister-as offering up their prayers to God, or as merely praying with them

An answer to the objection that prayers and creeds should not be sung, as for instance the responses set to music by Tallis, and the Athanasian and Nicene Creeds by other composers.

I have no doubt these things are generally understood where Catholic customs are carried out, but where that is not the case I believe that, like myself, many will be anxious for instruction.--Yours, &c., E. B.

S. JOHN VI. SIR,—Will you or any of your readers inform me whether the text, “Except ye eat the Flesh of the Son of Man and drink His Blood, ye have no life in you,' S. John vi. 53, is not generally considered to apply more particularly to the Holy Sacrament? Yours, &c., ANNIE. THE NAMES OF THE TWO MALE

FACTORS. SIR-What authority have we for supposing the names of the two thieves crucified with CHRIST to be Dimas and Gestas? In the Gospel of the Infancy, viii. 3, (Apocrypha,) their names are mentioned as being Titus and Dumachos, but in the Gospel of Nicodemus, vii. 3, they are called Dimas and Gestas. Can this contradiction be accounted for, and is there no better authority than the Apocrypha! I shall be glad of any information on the subject. – Yours, &c., F. M. A.


THE TITLE “FATHER." SIR, -Can you or any of the readers of the Churchman's Companion inform me whether it is correct to call a priest either writing or in conversation as “Father." I have often heard as an argument against it, “Call no man your father upon earth, for One is your FATHER Which is in Heaven,”—but those who deem it correct, quote, “For though ye have ten thousand instructors in CHRIST, yet have ye not many fathers, for in CHRIST JESUS have begotten you through the Gospel. As these verses seem so entirely opposed to each other, I should feel greatly obliged for an explanation of them.--Yours, &c., MYRA.

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SIR,—Can any of your readers recommend a Commentary on the Gospels, also some books that would be useful in teaching a Sunday class of boys, from ten to twelve years old, with price and publisher :-Yours, &c., MEMBER C. B. S.

THIS ADVENT MORN.” H. A. S. N. would be glad to know the author of the poem beginning,“This Advent morn shines cold and

clear, These Advent nights are long; Our lamps have burned year after

year, And still their flame is strong."


SIR, I should be much obliged to any of your correspondents who could recommend me a small book with explanations or thoughts on the Collects, Epistles, and Gospels for the Sundays, suitable for the instruction of Sunday School children of ages ranging from ten to fourteen years.-Yours, &c., C. D.


M. A. is very anxious to find employment for a youth aged sixteen, who from disease in the hip is deformed and walks on crutches. Can any reader of the Churchman's Companion point out an institution where the boy might be taught to support himself? His

father is an agricultural labourer, and has five other children dependent on him.

Notices to Correspondents. A. H. D. The marriage is complete when the words “ Those whom God hath joined together let no man put asunder," have been pronounced.

Asincohi. The MS. to which you allude has not been received by us.

R. R. and Adela H. are referred to the rule respecting anony. mous correspondents.

Accepted : “ Advent,” by F. W. H.; "Christmas Carol," by F. W. R., (the former poem has not been forgotten ;) “ Origin of Church Bells ;” “ Ascension-tide in Jerusalem;" “The waters meet ;" “ At eventide was Light.”

Declined with thanks : " Lewin Court, or S. John's Day “ Willie's Dream, a Story for S. Michael's day.”

Mr. Masters acknowledges with thanks for Mrs. Hare:-A Reader, stamps, 5s.; King's Lynn, £1. 1s.; J. R., 1s.


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CHAPTER XXVII. SEVERAL days passed to the young Jewess in a strange mixture of pleasure and restlessness, that could not exactly be called sorrow. The pleasure was from the outward circumstances, the restlessness from within, and no exterior influences could soothe or dissipate it.

Electra Chichester spared no pains to make the country delightful to her cousin ; they drove, and walked, and rode, sometimes with the Yeos and Norton Reynolds, or with some other of the Chichesters' country friends, sometimes only attended by a groom or by a large mastiff dog, with whom Naomi had immediately made friends, and who, though babitually sullen to strangers, took to the young Hebrew with the fine instinct of his race, which instantly recognises and reciprocates affection.

The weather was bright and hot, and nature seemed to contribute everything to make the sojourn of Naomi Da Costa agreeable. Her love of the beautiful was daily fed by the lovely scenery of Devonshire, hill and dale, and wood and long green lanes, which were to her sylvan paradises, and above all the glorious sea. Of that she never wearied; and she often rose early, be. fore Electra left her couch, and with no companion but the mastiff dog wandered out on the cliffs and the beach, and dreamed and thought and lived a new life.

They met the Yeos, and consequently the Curate of S. Michael's, almost every day; but Naomi never again alluded to the subject upon which she had spoken to him VOL. VI. (N. s.)


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