Ancient India as Described by Ptolemy: Being a Translation of the Chapters which Describe India and Central and Eastern Asia in the Treatise on Geography Written by Klaudios Ptolemaios, the Celebrated Astronomer : with Introduction, Commentary, Map of India According to Ptolemy, and a Very Copious Index
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according Alexander already Ancient India Arakan Arakhosia Arrian Asia Baktra Baktriane bank Barygaza Bepyrrhos Brahmans branch called Cape capital Ceylon coast Cunningham degrees distance district Divarication east eastern extremities lie flow Ganges Gedrosia Geog Geography Godavari Greek Gulf Gulf of Siam Herat Hiuen Tsiang Iaxartes identified Imaos Indus inhabitants island Issedones junction Kabul river Kaspian Kattigara Kory Kosala lake land Lassen latitude longitude lying Mahdbhdrata Margiane Marinos mart means Megasthenes mentioned meridian Metropolis miles Mount mountains mouth Mouziris Narmada neighbourhood northern Oxos Oxus Panjab parallel Paropanisadai Paropanisos Parthia Peninsula Periplus Pliny Pliny lib position probably province Ptolemy Ptolemy places Ptolemy's range regard region represents the Sanskrit Saint-Martin Sanskrit says Simylla Sinai situated Skythai Skythia Sogdiana sources southern stadia Strabo stream Tamil territory thence tion town tribes tributary Tyndis valley Vindhya western Wilford writers Yule Yule's map
第 107 頁 - And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; and the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.
第 137 頁 - Bahawalpur —'he saw a tract of land deserted, which contained more than a thousand cities with their dependent villages; the Indus, having left its proper channel, was diverted into another on the left hand much deeper, and precipitated itself into it like a cataract, so that it no longer watered the country by the (usual) inundation on the right hand from which it had receded, and this was elevated above the level not only of the new channel of the river, but above that of the new inundation'.
第 153 頁 - Bharoch, which must have got its name from a colony of of the school of Bhrigu having been early established in this Kshetra, probably granted to them by some conqueror of the district. In the name Barugaza given to it by Ptolemy we have a Greek corruption of Bhrigukshetra ( the territory of Bhrigu ) or Bhrigukaccha, ' the tongue - land
第 272 頁 - Roman marriages at the end of the first and the beginning of the second century were childless.
第 82 頁 - Indus, the people Indoi by the Greeks, who first heard of India from the Persians. Sindhu probably meant originally the divider, keeper, and defender, from sidh, to keep off'. It was a masculine, before it became a feminine. No more telling name could have been given to a broad river, which guarded peaceful settlers both against the inroads of hostile tribes and the attacks of wild 1 Cunningham, Archaeological Survey of India, vol.
第 84 頁 - For ages the Indus has been pushing its bed across the valley from east to west, generally by the gradual process of erosion, which effectually wipes out every trace of town and village on its banks ; but, at times also, by a more or less sudden shifting of its waters into entirely new channels, leaving large tracts of country to go to waste, and forcing the inhabitants of many a populous place to abandon their old homes, and follow the river in search of new settlements.
第 i 頁 - A Translation of the Chapters which describe India and Central and Eastern Asia in the Treatise on Geography written by KLAUDIOS PTOLEMAIOS, the Celebrated Astronomer; with Introduction, Commentary, Map of India according to Ptolemy, and a very Copious Index. By JW MCCRINDLE, MA Demy 8vo. pp. xii.-373, cloth. 1885. 7».
第 2 頁 - SYSTEM. each other towards the east or west) : [taking into consideration all these things,] the correct course would be for any person attempting to draw up a map of the world, to lay down as the basis of it those points that were determined by the most correct observations, and to fit in to it those derived from other sources, so that their positions may suit as well as possible with the principal points thus laid down in the first instance.
第 145 頁 - Alor are situated to the south of a gap in the low range of limestone-hills, which stretches from Bhakar towards the south for about 20 miles, until it is lost in the broad belt of sand-hills which bound the Nara, or old bed of the Indus, on the west. Through this gap a branch of the Indus once flowed, which protected the city on the north-west. To the north-east it was covered by a second branch of the* river, which flowed nearly at right angles to the other, at a distance of 3 miles.