HUNGARY AND TRANSYLVANIA

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第589页 - There seems too to be some idea among the tetes exaltees here of an Illyrian nationality. It is no uncommon thing to hear them reckoning up the Croats, Sclavonians, Bosnians, Dalmatians, Servians, Montenegrins, and Bulgarians, and then comparing this mass of Sclaves with the three or four millions of Magyars, and proudly asking why they should submit to deny their language and their origin because the Magyars command it.
第13页 - Far from any beaten track or village the traveller observes a collection of buildings inclosed by a thick wall of mud or straw, with an arched gateway, and containing a large court, surrounded by stables, barns, sheep-houses, and a shepherd's cottage or two. Here the sheep and cattle are wintered, for the sake of saving the draught of fodder ; and here their guardians often remain the whole winter without exchanging a word with any other human beings than those composing their own little domestic...
第8页 - ... wells which are sparingly scattered over the whole plain. I have seen the sun set behind the mountains of the Rhine as I lay on the tributary Neckar's banks, and the dark bold towers of Heidelberg stood gloriously out against the deep red sky; — as the ripple of the lagoons kissed the prow of the light gondola, I have seen his last rays throw their golden tints over the magnificence of fallen Venice ; — I have watched the god of day as he sank to rest behind the gorgeous splendour of St.
第317页 - If philanthropy has claims on his heart, the peasantry, who look up to him for almost everything, afford a fine scope for its effusions, and a certain reward if judiciously and continuously exercised. " The houses of the richer nobles are large and roomy, and their establishments are conducted on a scale of some splendour. It is true that they are deficient in many things which we should consider absolute necessaries; but, on the other hand, they exhibit many luxuries which we should consider extravagant...
第151页 - The same crops are here repeated year after year, on the same spots ; the ground is only once turned up to receive the seed ; a fallow is unknown ; manure is never used, but is thrown away as injurious ; and yet with the greatest care and labour in other places, I never saw such abundant produce as illtreated unaided Nature here bestows upon her children. Except the olive and orange, there is scarcely a product of Europe which does not thrive in the Banat. I do not know that I can enumerate all the...
第20页 - That these jokes may not be rejected as gross and unmeaning caricatures, we will copy some of Mr. Paget's more serious remarks. " The pride of the Magyar, which is one of his strongest traits, leads him to look down on every other nation by which he is surrounded with sovereign contempt. All foreigners are either Schwab (German,) or Talyan (Italian) ; and it is difficult to imagine the supercilious air with which the Magyar peasant pronounces these two words. As for his more immediate neighbors,...
第314页 - ... or dues. But it is in the hands of the underlings, the stewards, bailiffs, inspectors, — a flock of hawks which infest every Hungarian estate, — that this power becomes a real scourge to the poor peasant.
第589页 - The act has passed, however, which declares that in ten years' time no Croat shall be eligible to a public office who cannot read and write the Magyar language, and the consequence has been, the creation of a feeling of hatred against the Magyars, which bodes but very ill for the speedy...
第10页 - Nuthing can be more simple or uniform than the pbin on which they are built. One long, straight, and most preposterously wide street generally forms the whole village ; or it may be that this street is traversed at right angles by another equally long, straight, and wide. Smaller streets are rare ; but, when they do occur, it is pretty certain they are all parallel or at right angles with each other. All the cottages are built on the same plan : a gable-end with two small windows, shaded by acacias...

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