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very fortunately, at the instant these had entered the en- such, especially, we would recommend this well-executed closure, the gate swung back on its hinges, and thus they work. In point of information, it falls little short of the were caught as in a trap. From being the most voracious

more celebrated works upon the subject. With regard to of animals, the nature of these beasts, now that they found escape impossible, became completely changed; so far, in- clear and distinct arrangement, it is superior to most of deed, from offering molestation to any one, they slunk into them ; while, in respect to condensation, cheapness, simholes and corners, and allowed themselves to be slaughtered plicity, and, consequently, general usefulness, it possesses almost without making resistance."-Vol. ii. p. 173-5. a decided advantage over them all, with the exception of The only kind of game of much consequence in these

our own old favourite Gregory. northern regions is the elk, which, although only to be

Mr Paterson begins his history with the creation of the traced in its fossil relics in our latitude, still haunts the world, and brings it down to the commencement of the mountains of Norway. We are heartily sorry we have nineteenth century. His first volume concludes with the not time to follow this gigantic stag in his rapid fight establishment of our holy religion by our Saviour and his over the rocky wild, where he sometimes leads the peasant disciples ; the second contains what is properly called a dance of many weeks. Our limits warn us to conclude, Ecclesiastical History, viz. the history of the Christian recommending Mr Lloyd to the serious attention of all church, with the persecutions, corruptions, and heresies, true descendants of Nimrod.

which retarded the progress of the true faith, or disturbied the peace of the church. On so extensive and so dilo

ficult a subject, it was not to be expected that the author The History of the Church, from the Creation of the World should have escaped committing some errors, especially of to the commencement of the Nineteenth Century, $c. Bystrictures, and delivering opinions, to which we can by

judgment; accordingly, we find him occasionally making the late Alexander Smith Paterson. Edited by the Rev. James Brewster. 2 vols. Pp. 970. Edinburgh. long as he faithfully communicates the facts, that we may

no means subscribe. This, however, is a venial fault, so For G. Clark and Son, Aberdeen. 1830.

be able to form our own judgment; for we care not An intimate acquaintance with Church History is in- greatly for the comment, provided we have always the dispensable to every Christian minister. It is one of the pure text. A more serious fault is his credulity, which qualifications which our church most scrupulously re is the more to be regretted, because, in the second volume, quires in every candidate for her priesthood; and with he has neglected to refer to his authorities, and the reader good reason, since, without a competent knowledge of ec is thus left entirely dependent on his author's judgment clesiastical history, the preacher would be unable to avail for facts, some of which stand on good, others on more himself of some of the most powerful evidences of the questionable authority, and others, again, upon scarcely canonical authority and integrity of those sacred writings any authority at all. The omission of references, we which are the foundation of his faith, and the rule of his think altogether unpardonable in a work of this kind; for, obedience, and of whose doctrines he has enlisted bimself except in contemporary annals, where the events related the champion. It is a mistake to suppose, however, that fall under the writer's own observation, no historian has this study belongs exclusively to the professional theolo- a right to expect that his work will be received as of gian. Ecclesiastical, like general history, conveys im- authority, unless he refers to those sources whence he has portant instruction under a captivating form; and from derived his information. Every candid and honest histhe variety of incident, the astonishing revolutions, the torian will be anxious to do so, for the sake of his own collision of parties, the opinions, actions, and character of reputation ; and we can ascribe such omission by our men distinguished by their faults, their virtues, and their author only to oversight, or perhaps to a reason which fortunes, which it subjects to our view, it possesses a

disarms all criticism, the want of time, which a mortal powerful attraction even for the general realer, especially illness left him, for completing his labours. On the whole, if he has had courage fairly to cross the threshold of this we can recommend the work to the public in general, formidable study, and sufficient leisure to follow up its and particularly to the theological student, as a carefully minute details ; for otherwise, church history presents, at executed and most useful Church History. the veryoutset, difficulties, which few save the professional student are willing to encounter. Of these, one of the most formidable is the dry, immethodical, and tedious The Lives of the most Eminent British Painters, Sculpmanner in which writers of church history have gene

tors, and Architects. By Allan Cunningham. Vol. rally treated their subject. A clear, authentic, popular

III. (Family Library, No. XIII.) London. John ecclesiastical history, is still, notwithstanding the volumi. nous works published under that name, a desideratum in

Murray. 1830. our literature.

This volume contains the lives of our most eminent The work at present under our review is one of consi- British sculptors, is dedicated to Chantrey, and is, in our derable merit; and it derives a peculiar interest from opinion, superior to either of the two which have preceded being the posthumous publication of a very young man, a it. It places the heroes of the story before us in their studio, probationer of our own church. It indicates a degree of and in their hours of leisure, depicts their aspirations learning, and especially research, highly creditable to the after eminence in art, and their babits and manners, when author, and leaves us reason to lament that his very pro- the mind was at rest, and the possessor of a soaring spiri: mising talents have been so soon lost to the community. had subsided for a while into the class of ordinary men. Some readers will esteem it an advantage, others a disad- It is at the same time arranged in such a manner, and vantage, that the history is written in the form of ques- contains such occasional disquisitions, as fit it to suppls tion and answer. Unquestionably this form will render the place of a history of British sculpture, from the Re it more useful to public schools, and students whose object volution in 1688, down to the present time.

It evince is to prepare themselves for sustaining probationary trials in the author an extensive knowledge and just feeling o on Church history. To the general reader, however, who the art. It is at once popular and instructive. studies amusement as well as instruction, a continuity of To Roubiliac, who, with exquisite mechanical dexterinarrative would be more pleasing ; and he must feel it ty and a lively fancy, is still apt to be frippery, succeede rather an annoyance than a help, to have the flow of nar- Nollekens, Banks, Bacon, and Flaxman, who, by the alt rative perpetually interrupted by the scholastic reciproca- of strong good sense and just feeling, and some of theu tion of question and answer. For the student again, who by the superaddition of a higher ingredient, placed th wishes to impress on his own memory minute facts, and sculpture of Britain on an equal footing with that of th for the teacher, whose business it is to guide the studies continental nations. Townley and other amateurs worke of others, this form possesses a positive advantage ; and to by their side with zealous admiration ; but the even

vbich promises to exercise the best influence upon our youth and beauty; the light spirit of expected triumph culptors the acquisition of the Elgin marbles, upon lighted up her lovely face. She was about to become the shich subject the feelings of the artists themselves are

bride of a conqueror, yet one whose laurels would droop trong and decided.

without her propping ; she was to be Queen of her native Although our author does not in this volume enter in- land, the pearly clasp to unite the silken band with which

peace now bound long discordant England. She was uno any discussion respecting the merits of the Royal Aca- able to communicate this spirit of hope to her desponding emy, he spares no opportunity of having a fling at it. friend; he gazed on her beauty with admiration and deep Ne do not deny that his sneers have, in most instances, grief, asking, with tearful eyes, Shall we ever meet again?' just foundation; but we think that he, as well as some

- Yes! in London, in the Court of Henry, we shall again ther talented and influential writers who have shown

be companions— friends.' hemselves inimical to this institution, might do better and when those gloomy gates close on me, I shall pray that

“I go to the Tower, not to the Court,' replied Warwick ; ervice to art by labouring for its reformation, than by my head may soon repose on the cold stone that pillows my ittempting to run it down.

consin Edward. I shall sleep uneasily till then.' The prevailing characteristics of this work are taste, “« Fie, cousin !' said Elizabeth ; such thoughts ill beudgment, and energy.

seem the nearest kinsman of the future Queen of England. You will remain but a short time in the Tower; but if you

nurse thoughts like these, you will pine there as you did Introductions to the Study of the Greek Classic Poets. De

before I cheered your prison here, and the roses with which

my care has painted your cheeks will again fade.' signed principally for the use of Young Persons at o Wan and colourless will my cheek be ere your bright School and College. By Henry Nelson Coleridge, Esq. eyes look on it again. Is it not sufficient grief that I part M. A. Part I. Containing General Introduction, and from you, beloved friend ?' Ilomer. London. John Murray. 1830. One vol.

“ A gush at once of sorrow, of affection, of long-suppresspost 8vo. Pp. 237.

ed love, overpowered the youth. •I shall think of you,' he Tuis is a book which we are most anxious to see intro- regret my fate, I cannot be wholly a wretch. Do you not

added, “in my prison-house, and while I know that you luced into the senior classes of our schools, and the junior love me? And will you not, as a proof, give me one of lasses of our universities. It is the work of one who is those golden hairs, to soothe poor Warwick's misery? One an enthusiastic admirer of Grecian literature; not after only,' he said, taking from her braided locks the small gift the narrow and pedantic fashion of those who know no

he demanded. "I will not diminish the rich beauty of other, but from a deep and just relish of the beauties of your tresses, yet they will not look lovelier, pressed by the

jewelled diadem of England, than under the green chaplet poetry. Ile expresses himself warmly and forcibly re

I crowned you with a few months past, my Queen of specting their merits, yet the opinions he utters must be May!' approved of by the most fastidious taste. He has drunk “And thus, the eyes of each glistening with tears, they deep at that fountain of philosophical criticism, which parted. For a moment Warwick looked as if he wished to has been set a-flowing in our days, yet , he is free from

press his cousin to his heart; and she, who loved him as a the affectation and exaggeration of almost all who speak sister, would have yielded to his embrace; but before his under the influence of its intoxicating draughts. We do

arms enfolded her, he started back, bent one knee, pressed not know of any book so well qualified to inspire a young head for an instant towards the ground, sprang up, and

her hand to his lips, his eyes, his brow, and bending his man with a just and generous feeling of the beauties of rushed down the avenue towards the gate at which his the classics.

guard awaited him. Elizabeth stood motionless, watching him till out of sight. The sun sparkled brightly on a tuft

of wild flowers at her feet. The glittering light caught her The Fortunes of Perkin Warbeck ; a Romance, by the au eye. It is noon,' she thought; "the morning dew is dry; thor of " Frankenstein." 3 vols. London. Colburn

it is Warwick's tears that gem these leaves.' She gathered and Bentley. 1830.

the tiowers, and, first kissing them, placed them in her bosom;

slow steps, and a sorrowing heart, she re-enNot ranking ourselves among those weekly purveyors of tered the Castle."-Vol. i. p. 55-9. literary criticism, who imagine that they furnish their Our judgment on this work shall be given in detail readers with a review of a new book, if they write a do. next week. zen lines by way of introduction, and fill up the rest of their columns with quotations, tacked together by a single thread of narrative, we shall delay till next Saturday, the System of Geography, Popular and Scientific; or a remarks we have prepared upon this interesting work of Physical, Political, and Statistical Account of the World Mrs Shelley, finding our space too much pre-occupied to and its various Divisions. By James Bell. Illustrated day. By way of foretaste, however, of the contents, we by a complete set of Maps, and other Engravings. Vol. attach one short, but pleasing extract, descriptive of the III. Glasgow. Blackie, Fullarton, and Co. 1830. parting between the Lady Elizabeth, the future queen of - 8vo. 1?" Pp. 558. Henry VII., and the unfortunate -Earl of Warwick : 1 Two parties arrived on the same day at Sheriff-Hut

We noticed, with much approbation, the first two voton, on the different missions of conducting the Lady lumes of this work, on their appearance some months ago. Elizabeth and the Earl of Warwick to London. On the We observe with pleasure that the able editor is proseinorning of their departure, they met in the garden of their cuting lis arduous, but useful task, with diligence and bude to take leave of each other. Elizabeth was nineteen

perseverance. The work, when tinished, (it is to extend years old, Warwick was the exact age of her brother, Ed.

to six volumes,) will unquestionably be the completest yet ward the Fifth; he was now sixteen.

** We are about to travel the same road, with far different published in this country upon the subject of which it xpectations,' said Warwick. I go to be a prisoner; you,

The third volume is devoted to the British Emair cousin, to ascend a throne.'

pire, and to that extensive, though least known, quarter " There was a despondency in the youth's manner that of the globe, Africa. It contains upon these subjects all leply affected this Princess. * Dear Edward,' she replied, the most important geographical and statistical details, lasping his hand, ' we have been fellow prisoners long, and and affords, likewise, a full and satisfactory view of the ympathy has lightened the burden of our chains. Can I urget our walks in this beauteous park, and the love and physical and political relations of these portions of the ontidence we have felt for each other? My dearest boy, earth's surface. Eight well-executed maps, and two other vhen I am Queen, Esther will claim a boon from Ahasue engravings, the one of Grand Cairo, and the other of us, and Warwick shall be the chief noble in my train.' the Cape of Good Hope, illustrate and enhance the vo“She looked at him with a brilliant smile; her heart lume. lowed with sisterly affection. She might well entertain high anticipations of future power; she was in the pride of

treats.

Pp. 413.

manner.

A Treatise on the Law of Scotland respecting Tithes, and New System of Commercial Arithmetic ; or, Guide to Bu

the Stipends of the Farochial Clergy; with an Appendix, siness and Science ; for the Use of Schools ; in which the containing Illustrative Documents not before published. Principles of the Rules, and the Reasons of the OperaBy Sir Jobn Connell, Knt. Second Edition. 2 vols. tions, are fully explained. By Robert Murray, Master 8vo. Edinburgh. Thomas Clark. 1830.

of the Commercial and Mathematical Academy, 10,

Nicolson Street. Tuis work, which is the only available one on the

Edinburgh. John Boyd. 12mo. branch of law it discusses, bas received some important additions in the pre edition. It is unnecessary to ARITHMETIC, which is unquestionably one of the most enter into any detail concerning a book, which no law- important branches of education, bas generally, we beyer or clergyman will go without, and which no other lieve, been taught in a most superficial and unscientific person will purchase. It is worth while, however, no

Neither the principles on which, as a science, ticing in reference to it, the retributive justice by which it is founded, nor the application of these principles to the the tithes of which our old barons despoiled the church, various departments of business, have been duly elucidahave become the veriest plague to which their descend-ted and inculcated; and young men, on leaving school, ants are liable-a source of incessant, petty, teasing an- commonly find that their acquirements on this head are noyance.

wofully deficient. This is to be attributed chietiy to the

character of the class-books put into the hands of youth. The Wine Drinker's Manual. London. Marsh and whatever be their merits in other respects, are so ex

The systems of arithmetic at present used in schools, Miller. 1830. 12mo. Pp. 296.

tremely limited in point of size and information, that no Tus agrecable little work presents us with an account elucidation of principles, no analysis of rules, no " philo of the celebrated vineyards, and of the different processes sophy of arithmetic," can be expected from them. The of wine-making in different countries. A value is given teacher, however able or zealous, has seldom time to supto both the picturesque details and the practical instruc- ply the deficiences by which these treatises are character. tions, by their being accompanied with a statement of the ised. Among the many improvements which education results of the most recent enquiries of men of experimental has recently undergone, and is still undergoing, we are science. Every body takes a greater or less interest in glad to see an attempt like that made in the work before wine, and every body, therefore, will find more or less us, to promote improvement in the department of arithamusement in the “ Wine Drinker's Manual.”

metic, the most generally important branch of all. Mr Murray's treatise, which extends to no fewer than 413

densely printed 12mo pages, we regard as by far the most Remarks on the Actual State of the University of Cam- valuable work on the subject that has yet appeared, being

bridge. London. Published by Charles Tilt. 1830. not more useful for schools than for private students. 8vo. Pp. 47.

The Rules and Definitions are given with equal exact

ness and perspicuity, and the Examples are judicious; They who are entirely ignorant of the arrangements while the illustrative Notes, which embrace 150 pages, at the University of Cambridge, may pick up some in contain the most full and satisfactory analysis of the formation from this pamphlet; but we should grossly principles of the rules exemplified in the body of the flatter the work, did we say that there was much to be work. These Notes, indeed, form the distinguishing learned from it by persons previously versed to any characteristic of the book, and constitute that portion of extent in the subject. The style is ambitious, and not it, in which the greatest ability and originality are disa little puerile. Take, for example, the magnificent com- played; and while they are abundantly plain to the mencement :--" It must be admitted, for it cannot be pupil, are yet of such a nature as to be interesting both denied, by all who are acquainted with the higher and to the teacher and the man of science. Tbe work, bemore intellectual orders of British society, that the ma- sides, embraces various subjects, such as banking, stockjority of those members of the University of Cambridge jobbing, and insurance-office calculations, wbich we have who annually receive their primary degrees within its not seen treated so fully or in so business-like a manner precincts, are publicly accused of coming forth from in any other publication. There is also appended, a list thence into the world with a share of knowledge and in- of Questions, “ so extensive," says the author, “ as not formation, much inferior to what they had justly been only to enable the pupil to elicit from the teacher all neconsidered as capable of acquiring.” The author thought, cessary information, and to furnish the teacher with the no doubt, that he was throwing a bomb into this learned

means of exercising the judgment and reasoning faculties institution, but it is only an ill-made squib, better calcu- of his pupils ; but to put it also in the power of those lated to fizz than to sparkle.

concerned in the examination of schools to ascertain minutely the various degrees of proficiency attained.” In

short, though a rigid critic might probably discover some The Pocket French Grammatical and Critical Dictionary ; minor objections to some parts of this publication, we re

containing the Rules of Grammar and Pronunciation, gard it not only, as we have already said, as the best with the popular errors committed in French conversation, work on arithmetic that has yet appeared, but as one of both in France and England ; also, the Peculiarities, the most judicious on any subject, according to the intelNiceties, and Difficulties attenuling French Composition, lectual system of education, and we venture to predict &c. &c. By Gabriel Surrenne, F.A.S. E. Edinburgh: that its success and usefulness will correspond with the Printed for the Author, and sold by Oliver and Boyd. character we have given it. 1830. 18mo. Pp. 356.

We recommend this work to the attention of every one who wishes to perfect himself in the niceties of the Ireland and its Economy ; being the Result of Observations French language. A people who laugh so unreservedly

made in a Tour through the Country in the Autun of as we do, at the mistakes of foreigners, when attempting

1829. By J. E. Bicheno, Esq., F.R.S., &c. Lonto speak our language, ought to be on their guard against

don. John Murray. 1830. 12mo. Pp. 308. retaliation. Mr Surrenne's little work is one of the best conceived and most completely executed for the purpose Into the worse than Cretan labyrinth of Irish affairs, of advanced students that we have seen. It is the pro- past and present, we have no desire to enter. To such duction of one who is thoroughly master of his own lan- of our readers, however, as feel interested in the subject, guage, and has a head for scientific arrangement. and it is an important one, we can safely recommend the

nence.

present work, which is the production of an accurate ob- faithfully traced, that we can form a correct notion of server and vigorous thinker.

the fermenting elements out of which the Church Reformation, and the splitting of the Empire into a number of

independent states, went forth. Notwithstanding its title, A Series of the most esteemed Divines of the Church of Dr Münch’s book is more properly a history of the house,

England. With Lives of the Authors, fc. By the than of the territory, of Fürstenberg. Of the latter, alRev. T. S. Hughes, B.D. Vol. I. The Works of most all that we learn from his work is, that it is situaBishop Sherlock.

London. A. J. Valpy. 1830. ted in Suabia.” From the annals of the former, he has 8vo. Pp. 418.

selected some pleasing and instructive biographies.

Memorial de Colonel Gustafson_Colonel Gustafson is This is a handsome book, and likely to secure for itself, the assumed name of the Ex-King of Sweden,-a man so and the succeeding volumes of the series, an extensive cir- low in intellect, that when the principle of legitimacy culation, especially in England. A complete collection triumphed after the overthrow of Napoleon, he was held of the best English Divines does not exist, and it is the incapable of being restored to his throne. He has of late object of the present work to supply the desideratum, and been living chiefly in the neighbourhood of Aix-la-Chato afford, at a moderate expense and in a handsome shape, pelle. “ Even kings have ta’en a mate out o' the plain," a full view of the profound researches, the luminous ex- sings the poet ; but Colonel Gustafson went farther, positions, the interesting criticisms, and the noble elo- and selected one from the streets. The Colonel has lately quence, of Episcopalian Theologians. The works of each found or fancied himself called upon to correct some divine are to be preceded by a biographical memoir; and statements of the Counts Las Cases and Segur; and as to each discourse is prefixed a summary of its contents, his corrections relate chiefly to dates, we are inclined to well calculated to assist the young clergyman in composi- think him in the right, for we never yet knew a Frenchtion. The series is very appropriately commenced with man who could condescend to be correct in such matters. the powerful compositions of Bishop Sherlock; and these But the chief brunt of the Ex-King's anger has expendare to be succeeded by the most popular works of Bar- ed itself upon his Parisian bookseller and the Editor of row, Hall, Atterbury, Jewell, Seed, Jortin, Lowth, Hurd, the Moniteur, who had ventured, in publishing his epistles, Beveridge, Clarke, Ogden, Paley, Jeremy Taylor, and to correct some inaccuracies of style, into which, as a foothers. A volume is to appear on the first of every month, reigner, he bad naturally fallen. These gentlemen insistand about fifty volumes will complete the work. The ed upon rendering his French grammatical; whereas he Rev. Mr Hughes, who acts as editor, is a zealous and able insisted that having once been a crowned head, he was man, and bis labours deserve all success.

entitled to write it in his own way. The result has been, that the French litterateurs have given the world an intel

ligible version of the Colonel's story; and he has caused Obedience. By Mrs Sherwood, author of " Little Henry the work to be printed at Liege, in his own classical lanand his Bearer," &c. Berwick. Thomas Melrose. guage, with a preface in which he exposes their imperti1830. 24mo. Pp. 87. Tuis is another of Mrs Sherwood's excellent stories for

Umrisse zu Goethes Hermann und Dorothea. Fuhring. young people, full of good morality and chaste composi- |-- The deserved success which has attended the illustration.

tions of the German and English classics, in outline, by Retsch and Cornelius, has set all the young artists in Germany to emulate their example. Retsch, although

a great mannerist, is undeniably a man of geniùs, and MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE. whatever he produces must deserve attention. Cornelius,

with less power, has much more taste and less manner

ism. After all, however, it is a pity to see men possessed GERMAN LITERATURE.

of their talents, wasting their time in such unsubstantial We have just received a considerable number of new work. The poem which Fuhring has chosen as the subworks from Germany, but we do not think that many of ject of his illustration, although one of the most pleasing them are of much interest. They are for the most part and characteristic of its illustrious author, is perhaps less rather heavy. There are works on Jurisprudence, An- susceptible than any thing he ever wrote, of being transtiquities, Philology, Philosophy, and Theology, but none lated into a series of pictures. Fuhring's figures, too, remarkable either for originality or comprehensive views. remind us incessantly of Retsch ; and the stiff and stately One or two of the lighter publications, however, deserve forms of that artist are scarcely at home in a domestic a more particular mention.

tale: they belong to the mailed and brocaded halls of Hagiographa Posteriora. Fränkel.—Mr Fränkel has chivalry. The chief merit of these outlines is the feeltaken the trouble to translate several of the Apocryphal ing they display of the beauties of arrangement, and the books into Hebrew ; for what end, or for whose use, we expression of one or two of the faces. cannot imagine-nor does he condescend to give us any Phantasiegemülde ; von Dr Georg Döring. Für 1830.information upon this point. Mr F. is, we believe, a The author of this work publishes an annual novel, unJew; but these writings are not acknowledged by his na- der the title of “ Fancy Portraits.” It is that for 1830 tion to be “ Hagiographa.” We regret, for the sake of which at present lies on our table. Döring is a tolerably the Rev. Edward Irving, that the idea of Hebräising fair specimen of the second-rate German literati. He is these books did not occur to some one a few centuries an amiable and sensible man, and his writings bear the

In that case, his attempt to elevate a portion of impress of his character. He has a felicitous style of Esdras to the dignity of a canonical book, might have dashing off a humorous character, and a happy knack at been more feasible.

detecting and exposing baseness and hypocrisy of all Geschichte des Hauses und Landes Fürstenberg. Von kinds. When, however, he comes to give us a picture of Ernst Münch. Erster Band. ---Since the time of Möser, his own ideal of human excellence, he is apt to fail. There the provincial history of Germany has been prosecuted is something feeble and insipid in the attempt. In like with an ardour and success unparalleled in any other manner, when he tries to discuss principles, he seldom country. This is, indeed, the only manner in which succeeds in elevating himself above the current opinions materials can be collected for a complete history of that of the day; and what renders this still more provoking gigantic kingdom ; for the seeds of its dissolution were is, that he announces them with all the gravity of one who sown in the day it was planted. It is only after the in- is revealing some hitherto unheard-of truths. In this litdividual history of the different principalities has been tle volume before us, he exposes, in a light and good-hu

sooner.

moured manner, some of the most fashionable follies and winds of fame. I have hid my lamp too long under a vices in the courts of the petty sovereigns of Germany. bushel. What am I to write? Suppose an epic, not The heartless ambition after universal admiration of a in twenty-four, but a hundred books; my hero conquers court beauty--the cold and unidead stiffness of an illite- the world ; is betrothed to a modern Semiramis; derate and high-born old lady—the reckless duellist-the scends to hell, Alings Pluto from his throne, and sends timid and sensual pretender to taste and literature—the no Proserpine screaming across the Styx; reascends ; builds less contemptible pretender to piety, half debauchee, half cities by a nod, and levels mountains with a breath; dies, swindler-play off their different peculiarities upon each is taken up to heaven, deified, and set as a sign among other in a sufficiently edifying manner. But the author the other constellations. The idea is magnificent; but its lingers with greater pleasure upon the better attributes execution would require time. I could not finish it in of humanity—-love, friendship, honesty, and bravery. The less than six months. I cannot wait so long. The perdescriptions of natural scenery are glowing ; and the re-petuity of my existence must be secured in a much shorter marks upon music betray the band of a master. Those period. The Epopec may still confine her smiles to Homer, upon painting, on the contrary, are in the last degree Virgil, Milton, Dante, and Tasso. I shall not become superficial and common-place.

their rival. In looking over this book, some almost obliterated “ Shall I write a tragedy ? That might be done in a impressions have been awakened within us; and our at. fortnight. But it would only be to prove myself a triton tention has been directed, after a long interval, to the con among the minnows. There would be no competition. trast between the German and English character. Goethe I should bear the prize away as easily as the Admisomewhere remarks : Der Sinn erweitert, aber lähmt; rable Crichton' did in the ring at Bologna. I should die That belebt, aber beshränkt. Which we thus para- only have to walk the course like Lord Kennedy's Skiff. phrase :—The exclusive cultivation of the reflective pow. I disdain a laurel so easily won. I wish to see it guarders gives expansion to tbe ideas, but unnerves the charac-ed by serpents, fiery dragons, and cunning magicians. ter; habits of action give strength to the character, but I must enjoy the amusement of overcoming them, and narrow our ideas. In this maxim lies the key to the dif depart with the consciousness that the spoil is but the ference between the German and Englishman-two cha- reward of my labour. The post of danger is the post of racters, which, in many points, show such a strong fa- honour. Let the energies of my great soul be called into mily likeness. Both nations have made no inconsidera-action by opposition. The delicious perfume of the ceble advances in civilisation, but upon different paths. The dar is discovered only when the tree is struck by the axe English nation, in commerce, in learning, in political of the woodman; the latent fire of the fint is brought management, has acted for itself. The part of the govern- out only by violent concussion. ment has been to watch and check its sometimes overhasty

6 I shall write a novel. There is competition there. progress. The German nation, on the contrary, has been Every body has been writing novels, from John Galt up to led on by a government more advanced than itself. The Sir Walter Scott. I shall dispute with him his pre-emiEnglishman has acted like a free and irresponsible agent. nence. I shall drag him from the throne, where, like the The German like a schoolboy. Hence the Englishman mysterious Lama of Thibet, he has so long sat supreme. is the slave of prejudices and narrow views, but he acts There shall be a greater than the Great Unknown. I never with determination and precision. The German is libe- admired those Waverley Novels; nothing more easy than to ral and enlightened, but soft and unable to act for him. surpass them. Let me begin at once. I may finish a couple self. The latter judges the world, scrutinizes the merits of chapters before dinner, could I only find a commenceof individuals, and arranges them on a well-graduated scale ment. It must be something striking ; I shall burst upon of desert. The former commands the world, making the reader's attention without a moment's warning. I other nations, willingly or reluctantly, the agents of his shall infuse fear, wonder, and horror into his whole soul, aggrandisement.

and his eye will travel over my pages spell-bound. Ha! I have it. I shall enter upon my story thus :

" It was twelve at night. A thunder-storm was ga

thering in the sky. A horseman galloped across the THE INCIPIENT AUTHOR.

wold, and entered the recesses of the forest. He was in

black armour, and he wore his visor down. A light My brain swims round, my pericranium glows,

gleamed from one of the towers of the castle, just as the Like baker's oven, with poetic fire.

muttering thunder awoke the lightning in the purple “ Now,” said Vivian, seating himself resolutely before clouds'—(A very happy expression.) . The stranger his well-appointed desk, “ I shall be no longer a dallier knocked at the great gate; the porter opened it, and, round the brink of fame. This pen is the sceptre of my without a word, he rode into the court. The lady sat immortality; that paper the Magna Charta of my legiti- in her banqueting-hall, but the rosy wine stood untasted mate sway over the mind of man. Let them say what before her. She thought in silence of her own true they like of me, I know that I was born for glory. I knight. A heavy tread was heard along the corridor. know it by the throbbing of my heart, by the galloping of The warrior, who wore his visor down, stood before her. my pulse, by my moonlight walks, by my being in love, “'Tis he! 'Tis my betrothed !” the lady cried, and she by my fragments of unfinished sonnets, by my extem- raised the goblet to her lips to pledge him joyfully. The pore' in Lucy’s album, by my dreams of shattered dia- knight unclasped his helmet, and laid it on the table, but monds, garlands of tlowers, rainbows, pearls, dew-drops, it was the head of a skeleton that was seen beneath. and ladies' eyes. I know, by all these signs, and a thou- scream echoed through the castle; the domestics rushed sand more, that I am to move like a sunbeam through to the hall. A helmet lay upon the floor; but the stranthe world. I am not vain-nobody ever accused me of ger and the lady were gone for ever.' that; but if the gods are determined upon giving me “ Lord bless me! I have got to the conclusion already. glory, how can I help it? They have stuffed my brains Though set in long primer with twenty leads between as full of brilliant thoughts as they would a casket of every line, this would not make above half a dozen pages, jewels. I know not which to take out first. It is a con

with four lines to the page.

I must think of something centration of rays, and all are equally dazzling. What on a more extensive plan. Unless I can produce three a head I have got! How beautifully round and protu- volumes, I may as well go to the booksellers with a ream berant are all my knobs! What a noble bump this ideality of manuscript sermons in my pocket. My genius seems is ! I feel it swelling in my hand like a golden pippin. admirably adapted for the terrible, and my style a fine I was born a cheese-cutter if I was not born a genius. essence of the beauties of Radcliffe, Maturin, and Lewis.

“What am I to write ? I must give something to the But I have all the versatility of a Chinese puzzle. I can

TENNANT.

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