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say is a fine specimen, and almost entire, was found at Ben-I in Velay, is a system of caves, one of which, apparently the gazi, the ancient Berenice,

baron's hall, is twenty yards long, by six and a half broad. A letter from John Mackinlay, Esq. was next read, con- Attached to it is a kitchen, opening to the top of a superjataining an account of some ancient carvings in oak panel

, cent terrace, and almost as spacious as the famous one of discovered in the refectory of the Priory at Pitten weem in the Abbot of Glastonbury. Among the caves of Roche 1829. One of the medallions is supposed to be a likeness Robert is a hall twenty yards by five, lighted by a wellof James V. We are happy to learn that 'the Right Rev. shaped window. The period when these caves were abanBishop Low, to whom they belong, contemplates present- doned by their feudal proprietors cannot be ascertained. ing them to the Society,

They became subsequently the baunts of banditti. tori Dr Hibbert read a memoir “ On the caves occupied by The next portion of the memoir was intended to show the early inhabitants of the west of Europe ;, with illustra- that, even in the present day, whole villages of Troglodytes tions of some still remaining in France and Italy. The were to be found even in the civilized countries of Europe. meagre abstract to which our limits restrict us, can afford

In the neighbourhood of Bagnovea, in the Pope's territories, but an imperfect idea of this interesting paper ; and the ab

is a village, of which an Italian traveller has observed, that sence of the numerous drawings by which' Dr Hibbert il a few stones for the purpose of closing the entrance of the lustrated his subject is yet a severer want. He commen cavern, a hole for the smoke to go out of, and an aperture to ced by stating that his paper had for its object, to prove that admit the light, suffice to complete each habitation. In the natural caves were the temporary resort of the earliest and

island of Ponza, near the bay of Naples, is another town of rudest inhabitants of Europe; that even at a more advan- the same kind, the inhabitants preferring to reside in cares

, ced stage of civilisation, caves had been used for human ha- although the island abounds with the best materials for bitations; that in certain localities, they had afforded pro- building. The caves are described as being refreshing in tection to the chiefs and vássals of the feudal times ; and summer, warm in winter, and without the least humidity. that even at the present day, whole villages of Troglodytes In France, many villages of inhabited caverns still exist

, ás might be found in the eivilized countries of the Continent. at Cuzolo in the Cantal, at Mount Perrier in Auvergne, The subject of caves bad Jutely attracted considerable no and many other places. Swinburne has described a village tice on the Continent; but more on the part of the geolo- of the same kind, which occurs in the province of Andalugist than of the antiquarian. . It had been incontrovertibly sia, in Spain. In Transylvania, the places which the noestablished, that in the caves in the south of France, human madie gipsies inhabit during the winter, ought to be called remains had been found along with bones of different mam- holes or burrows, rather than caves, which, for farther semiferæ. As the particular species of animals found in this curity from the weather, are covered over with branches of juxtaposition were now no longer to be met with, they had trees, with moss, and turf. Dr Hibbert concluded his mebeen assumed to be antediluvian, but upon insufficient evi- moir by recommending the history of European, and partidence. The destruction of the forests in which they found cularly

of Scottish, caves, to theattention of the Society; and shelter, the drying up of the lakes on the borders of which by describing the geological formations in which the search they found their food, and partial convulsions of nature, suf- for them was most likely to be attended with success. ficiently accounted for their extinction. In this view the The present being the last meeting of the session, the Preinvestigation of the caves in which human bones had been sident, before quitting the chair, briefly addressed the meinfound, was as much the province of the antiquary as of the bers present, congratulating them upon the activity which geologist. Dr Hibbert assumed as an hypothesis, that the had characterized their proceedings, and the increasing richtribes inhabiting Europe, previous to the historical times, es of their museum. He concluded with exhorting them to were in a state similar to that of the Fins described by Ta- perseverance. citus, as leading an almost brutish life, destitute even of the earliest rudiments of the arts. Such beings might well be

The Royal, Wernerian, and Antiquarian Societies, hare conceived to contend with the beasts, above whom they were

now closed their winter session. We shall resume our reso little elevated, for places of shelter they knew not how ports of their proceedings as soon as they again meet, and to construct; or, at all events, they might crawl like the

are glad to know that those which we have already given beasts into holes, to conceal their dying agonies. At this have proved satisfactory: period the bones could scarcely have been deposited in caves for the purpose of inhumation-the idea of sepulture belonging to a more advanced state. The rude fragments of

THE DRAMA. earthenware found in the same caves, strengthened the conjecture that the bones belonged to an extremely rude and

The trade winds have set in, which is an obscure and early period. The Celtic and Gothic tribes who supplant- allegorical mode of saying that the benefits have fairly ed the aborigines of Europe, seem to have reached the agri- commenced. At such a season the sternest critic smooths cultural state. The Germans are described as inhabiting down his rugged front, and either looks silently on, or houses built of gross and unhewn materials, constructed without the aid of mortar, and also caves, into which they

pronounces a word or two of benevolent encouragement. retired for shelter from the inclemency of the winter, or

At present we wish to give a little advice, and from benefrom the attacks of a more powerful enemy. Traces of

fits which are passed, propose to suggest a useful bint for these ancient subterraneous habitations are still to be inet

those which are to come. The first thing which an actor with in Germany, but much more frequently in France and has to attend to in the choice of pieces for his benefit is Italy, where the nature of the rock is in general more fa- novelty; the next is the probability of their being well pervourable to the task of excavation. They are most nume

formed ; and the third and last is their suitableness to his rous in the south of France. Each cave appears to bave been entered by a low chink or fissure, situated almost half

own peculiar talents. The two principal benefits which way between the floor of the cave and its roof, and differ

have taken place this week were those of Mackay and ing as little as possible from the level of the avenue by which

Murray, and in what we have set down as the leading it was approached. The entrance seems intended to have qualification of a benefit—noveltythey were both miserbeen closed, from the invariable presence of a narrow ably deficient. Mackay took “ Speed the Plough," and opening, reaching the externai air in an oblique direction “ Cramond Brig;" the first of which is not particularly for the purpose of ventilation. Sometimes these caves refreshing, and the second has been played so often here, are isolated, sometimes they are found in groups. It has been conjectured by French antiquaries that these are

that it has become at fast a positive drug, especially notv the latebræ of the Roman historians, in which the Gauls

that we have no longer Miss Nocl to sing the songs so often eluded pursuit, and re-appeared as suddenly to ha

Marian Howison. " Murray, by way of being equally ori. rass the enemy. Dr Hibbert next proceeded to remark that ginal, fixed upon'“ Paul Pry” and “ Masaniello;" the these caves continued to be used even during the feudal pe former being as familiar to all play-going people as the riod. At Ceyssac, in the province of Velay in France, the stage lamps ; and the latter, besides being well known, afcastle of the lord crowned the summit of a hill, all of fording him not the slightest opportunity for the display which was excavated into caves, that seem either to have been used as chambers, or to have contained regular stalls for

of his own particular abilities., Mackay has a good many horses, and one has evidently been employed as a chapel

. supporters, and Murray has numerous friends and paThe entrance and lower apartments of a castle which flanks

trons, and the consequence was that they both, particuMont Perrier, in Auvergne, has been scooped out of the solid larly the manager, had good houses; but we can assure rock; and on the opposite eminence is a system of grottoes,

them that this was in spite, not in consequence, of the which served for the abodes of the retainers. At Conteaux, performances. Had inferior actors made a similar selec


ion, we venture to say the audience would have been thin enough. Let our histrionic friends therefore study povelY;-it is one half of the battle. Moreover, if they have any genius at all, let them choose such characters as will Szive them an opportunity of displaying it; for it is a ridi. Culous thing to see them on their benefit nights sinking into situations far below those to which they are entitled, und which they are well able to support.

At the same time, it is not to be denied, that our company is far from being strong at present, and that there ire some excellent pieces which it is as well for it not to attempt. We have no first tragedian, and no first comedian, either male or female; and no lady capable of taking the lead in opera with any thing like eclat. We do not know whether a manager can altogether expect the per"manent members of his company to be satisfied with benefits at the fag end of a season, after he has allowed some of his most attractive performers to take their departure. Be this as it may, it is plain that things must not remain - long as they now are. A sort of sleepy half-and-half feel

ing seems to have crept over the establishment, from which it must be roused ere long, else it will get into a state of ? confirmed lethargy. Our only reason for forbearing to

press this subject more fully to-day is, that a new grant of the patent has not yet been actually signed and sealed, and given over to Mr Murray; and that the assignees, w who seem to be rather a dilatory set, have, within the last

week, been prevented from finally arranging the matter * * by the unexpected death of Sir John Hay, who was one 1. of their number. But something must be done immediate

ly, and we shall then take the liberty of speaking pretty freely as to the preparations which ought to be made for

“ The thing that I loe best of a',

Lass an ye loe me, tell me now; The dearest thing that ever I saw,

Though I canna come every night to woo, Is the kindly smile that bearns on me,

Whenever a gentle hand I press,
And the wily blink frae the dark-blue ee

Of a dear, dear lassie that they ca' Bess." “ Aha! young man, but I cou'dna see,

Wha I loe best I'll tell you now,
The compliment that ye sought frae me,

Though ye canna come every night to woo; Yet I would rather hae frae you

A kindly look, an'a word witha', Than a' the flowers o' the forest pu',

Than a' the lads that ever I saw."

Then, dear, dear Bessie, you shall be mine,

Sin' a'the truth ye hae tauld me now, Our hearts an' fortunes we'll entwine,

An' I'll ay come every night to woo; For, O I canna descrive to thee

The feeling o' love's and nature's law, How dear this world appears to me

Wi’ Bessie, my ain for good an' for a'!"


next season.

By Alexander Maclaggan.
I ken a fair wee flower that grows

Far doon in yon deep dell ;
I ken its bame, its bonny hame,

But whar_troth I'll no tell :
When rings the shepherd's e’enin' horn,

Oft finds that soothing hourStars in the sky-dew on the earth

And me beside my flower.

Among the benefits announced for next week, we ob, serve that Pritchard's is to take place on Monday, and Denham's on Thursday. They both deserve well of the public. Pritchard is one of the most industrious and in. defatigable men in the company. He has, on the whole, made a very good selection of entertainments, and is to have the assistance of the military band of the 4th dragoons. In several Scotch characters Denham is unrivalled, and in nothing that he attempts does he offend ;-on the contrary, his acting is in general characterised by modesty and sound judgment.

Notwithstanding the puting and blowing of the frogs who enact the part of toads to the Caledonian Theatre, that establishment remains very much in statu quo. There are one or two respectable persons connected with it; but on the whole, its entertainments, whether musical or otherwise, are heavy, vulgarish, and half-price-like.

Old Cerberus.

It is not frae the tint o' day

My gentle flower receives
Its purest hue, nor does the sun

Call forth its blushing leaves ;
In secrecy it blooms, where Love

Delights to strew his bower, Where many an unseen spirit smiles

Upon my happy flower.


Ah ! weel ye guess that fancy gives

This living gem o' mine
A female form a' loveliness,

A soul in't a' divine,
A glorious ee that rows beneath

A fringe o' midnight hue,-
Twa yielding lips, wi' love's ain sweets

Aye melt kindly through.


By the Ettrick Shepherd. “ ATORE the moorcock begin to craw,

Lass an ye loe me, tell me now The bonniest thing that ever ye saw,

For I canna come every night to woo." " The gouden broom is bonny to see,

An' sue is the milk-white flower o' the haw, The daisy's wee freenge is sweet on the lea,

But the bud o' the rose is the bonniest of a'.” “Now, wae light on a' your flow'ry ehat,

Lass an ye loe me, tell me now ; It's no the thing that I would be at,

An' I canna come every night to woo !" “ The lamb is bonny upon the brae,

The leveret friskin' o'er the knowe, The bird is bonny upon the tree

But whicb is the dearest of a' to you?"

'Tis a' the wealth that I am worth,

'Tis a' my praise and pride, And fast the hours flee over me

When wooing by its side
Or looking on its bonnie breast,

So innocently fair,
To see the purity, and peace,

And love, that's growin' there.

Wi' saftest words I woo my flower,

But wi' a stronger arm
I shield each gentle opening bud

Frae every ruthless harm;
The wretch that would, wi' serpent wile,

Betray my flower so rare, May he live without a cheering friend,

And die without a prayer!

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But yesterday the fleecy cloud

Went curling o'er thy face; But yesternight the eagle slept

Within thy calm embrace ;

While moon and stars, thine ancient friends,

In glory journey'd by,
And bathed thee with their purest light

Up in the silent sky.

Ah, me! and thou art downward hurl'd

Into this lowly glen;
From thy majestic place of pride,

Down to the haunts of men;

Thou who throughout all time hast been

So lofty and so lone,
That voice of human joy or grief

Scarce reach'd thy marble throne.

Thou'st stood unmoved, while age op age

Earth's myriads pass'd away : Strange destiny, methinks, that I

Should mark thyself decay !


I saw on the shore of the wintry sea
An aged man on his bended knee ;-
And the wind, as it fung back bis long white hair,
Show'd me his visage devout in prayer.
He gazed on the starless and solemn sky,
And a tear stood bright in his earnest eye,--
For the son of bis bosom-his last dear child--
He knew was adrift on these waters wild;
And the father's love in that holy hour,
Grew stronger and deeper in awful power;
Fast from his pale lips the accents ran-
The fears and the griefs of a lonely man-
And shadows took shapes to kis wilder'd brain,
And fancy o'er truth held her feverish reign.

The CAPTIVE Or Fez-We have been favoured with an early copy of Mr Aird's forthcoming poem, which we announced some time ago, entitled the Captive of Fez, in four cantos. We petar delaying our review of it till next week, that we may be able to do it the greater justice.

THE ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA.-We have received Volume I. Part I. of this great national work. It contains a portion of Degzid Stewart's admirable Preliminary Dissertation on the History of the Sciences, and the alphabetical matter from A to Etna, together a seventeen plates beautifully executed, illustrative of the artide Acoustics, Terostation, Africa, and Agriculture. It is evident tha: both the Editor and Publishers are determined to make the street edition the best which has yet appeared.

Messrs Colburn and Bentley have commenced a sex work, bbe la entitled the Library of Modern Travels, Voyages, and Disores, comprising original journals of recent travellers in various parts of the world, and presenting an epitome of the present state of grogaphical knowledge. The work is to appear in monthly volumes, le TV the Family Library.

The forthcoming Number of the Family Library will consist of the third volume of the lives of eminent British painters, sealposes, and architects, by Alla Cunningham.

We understand that Sir Thomas Lauder Dick's work on the loads in the North of Scotland in the early part of this year, is parts ready for publication.

CHIT-CHAT FROM LONDON.-Poor Haydon the painter is at in the very last extremity of poverty, and has written a leder to : newspaper to say, that unless some assistance be speedily afforde! him, he will be incarcerated. We do not exactly understand the: Haydon is a clever man, and his necessities must, in a great po sure, be of his own making. Besides, we do not approve of pec writing letters to the public press concerning their own partTwo collections of great interest to the antiquarian and the scholar are, in a few days, to be sold by Mr Sotheby : the one consisting of a valuable series of medals, the other of a well-chosen library. The medals are those of the late Earl of Morton, a nobleman of noted taste ; the books belonged to Sir Thomas Lawrence. Tbe former possess only their own intrinsic worth, which is great ; but the boxes of such a man as the late President, derive an ad fentitious vale from their being associated with the private studies of a man of genius.-Mr Burchell, the well-known African traveller, has a length returned to England, after an absence of nearly six years in this period he has explored those vast inland provinces of Bras) into which no European traveller, at least of modern times, has retas tured to penetrate. We may look for an interesting Fork from ha per ere long.–Now that the weather has become warm, the Londotes beginning to indulge in their annual fear of mad dogs. It would be well were they never bit in any way but this.-A monument is erecting in Westminster Abbey, by Mr Westmacott, to the mer:ory of the late Mr Tierney. The fund for this splendid testimonial to his worth has been raised by private subscription.-A new periodical, of the same size as the Edinburgh Literary Journal, is aboat to be commenced in London, to be published every Saturday morum, and to be called The Chat of the Week. It is to contain, beside original matter, the most interesting passages on all subjects from the periodicals. This is not a bad idea, and may suceded.-1: s said that a large sum is subscribing for the institution of a w morning paper. The Star Evening Paper is for sale, the price manded is L. 800, which includes types, lease of the house, This is by no means a good time for newspapers; the best established cannot hold their ground, and the Sunday newspapers in partiene feel the pressure of the times, for the middling and love ord who chiefly read Sunday newspapers, either cannot afford the sa pense, or the occurrences of the week are not sufficient to esca terest. In France, however, things are different; new papers starting there daily, and succeeding well:-at Lyons to des per have appeared within the last three months, and in different parts France about fifteen papers have been successfully started on the present year.-A University Club is in the progress of fortsat on the model of the other great clubs of London. It is to conside the first instance, of 600 members—30 from each University,

But, lo! as I look'd on that face of despair,
A change came o'er it—the change of prayer !
Still on the shore of the wintry sea,
The parent was fix'd on his bended knee,
But a lovely light o'er his features stole,
For the sunshine of faith had touch'd his soul;
And the Spirit of God, in its mercy and love,
Brought peace on its wings, from the throne above;
And calm as the breast of the moonlight deep,
When the tempest is past and the wild winds sleep,
Were the face and the heart of that father mild,
As he thought of his God and the God of his child.

Alas! how rarely we pause to say, How precious a blessing it is to pray!

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match; his character and prospects were good ; and every thing augured a prosperous career. But unfortunately,

on the occasion of an accidental quarrel with his employer, The Life of Alexander Alexander. Written by Himself, that gentleman taunted him with his birth. The painand edited by John Howell, author of “ Journal of a

ful feelings of his early years rushed back upon him-he Soldier,"

” “Life of John Nicol,” &c. 2 vols. post 8vo. felt as if some degradation were inherent in his nature, Pp. 339 and 327. Edinburgh. William Blackwood. which nothing could wash out or conceal; and, in a state 1830.

of excited feeling, he resolved to leave the island.

In vain

did his mistress look miserable, and his kind master reIt is scarcely going too far to term our ingenious lent, he was roused even to frenzy, and back to Scotland townsman John Howell, the De Foe of Edinburgh; for, he came. though he is scarcely equal in grasp and originality of His reception from his father may easily be conceived. miod to that prince of popular writers, he is far his su He had wished to conceal from the world the existence perior in true delicacy and moral purity, and has been of this child of shame; and, when he believed the object the means of giving us more insight into the character of attained, back came the damning remembrancer of his our populace than any writer of the day. His “ Jour- frailty. In this frame of mind, the father accused his nal of a Soldier of the Seventy-first," affords an excellent son of a fickle and unsteady disposition. A scene of glimpse into the materiel of which our armies are com- painful altercation ensued, and Alexander, in a fit of desposed; " John Nicol” carries us, in like manner, among peration, enlisted in the Royal Artillery, our seamen ; and the present volumes, the most full of While in the army, the greater part of his time was deep and varied interest with which he has yet presented consumed in India. The picture he gives of the King's us, carry the reader in company with a lackless and high- troops in that country, though from a spectator of a very spirited ranger over more than half the globe. Nor must different cast, harmonizes strictly with that given in the the merits of the publisher pass unnoticed. We do not “ Memoirs of Serjeant B.," and has, therefore, been too know which better deserves the thanks of the reading long before the public to justify us in presenting our pablic_Mr Blackwood, for the discernment and liberal readers with extracts from this portion of the work. The ity with which he discovered the value of Alexander's chief interest in this part of the narrative consists in the manuscripts, and prosecuted their reduction to a publish- | insight it affords into that feature of Alexander's characable form-or Mr Howell, for the tact and intelligence ter to which we have already alluded an indolent acwith which he has discharged the duty of editor. quiescence in his fate, ading him frequently to delay,

The story of Alexander is fascinating, on account of on the most frivolous pretexts, a slight exertion, which the rapid diversity of scene and fortune through which might have been the means of materially forwarding his the hero is hurled; and, at the same time, it reads an views in life. He returned from India with a shattered impressive lesson, by the warning his fate holds out to constitution, and, after serving some time on garrisonsuch as indulge an over-susceptible temperament. The duty, was allowed to retire on a pension. narrative is not the less instructive that the hero, although Coming back once more to Scotland, he found his fa. any thing but a practically wise man, is gifted with no ther still inexorable, and conceived the idea of again tryordinary share of feeling and sagacity; nor are his re-ing his fortune in the West Indies. After innumerable marks one whit less interesting and home-coming, that petty and teasing disappointments he sets sail, and with his cast of thought has been sickened o'er by continual much ado manages to get first one, and then another, disappointment, and that he is, to a very slight degree, a small employment in Demerara, It is fated, however, misanthrope.

that nothing shall prosper with him. This portion of Alexander is the natural son of some person in easy Alexander's history we recommend to the particular atcircumstances in the west of Scotland. For the sake of tention of the public. Although told in the language of concealment, he was boarded in childhood in the house of a disappointed man, it is unquestionably the most just a small farmer. Here and at school he was regarded, on and impartial account of the state of society in our West account of the unfortunate circumstances attending his India colonies we have met with ; and will be found inbirth, as a sort of paria, as one step in creation beneath structive as well by those soulless drivellers who laud those with whom he was to associate,-as one with whom slavery in the abstract, as by the wiseacres who, in their hot pone had a fellow feeling, and who might be abused with zeal for reform, pretend to legislate for millions separated impunity. The boy, with his spirit thus seared and from them by half the circumference of the globe, and yet broken, was placed by his father at Greenock, to obtain more widely separated by difference of habits and education. ome notion of mercantile business, and was thence sent, Disappointed in Demerara, as everywhere else, Alexanshen old enough, to the West Indies. His destination der joined the South American patriots. We have carevas one of the smaller islands formerly belonging to the fully studied the history of that continent previous to the french, where he was received and treated with a degree Revolution, and being convinced that all the works which f kindness and respect to which, in his own land, he have been written upon it since are, with one or two exad been unaccustomed. His heart began to beat more ceptions, barefaced lies, or spoiled by the affectation of reely. He met with a young woman upon whom he their authors, who wish to tell every thing, though laced bis affections ; her parents were pot averse to the they saw but little, we are glad to meet at last with one

man whose narrative, however caustic, carries the stamp you for the sake of your country; you have it to thank te of truth on its forehead. Alexander's unpretending state- life, and not me, sir.'”– Vol. ii. p. 26-8. ment of what he saw is most graphic, and to one ac The portrait of Paez forms a fine pendant to this fol. quainted with the previous state of the Spanish colonies, length of the Liberator : its authenticity will be at once apparent. The broken tradesmen of England with their morgue aristocratiquer sing and very expressive countenance; he is a good mus.

“ Paez is a stout, active-looking little man, with a ple the routed yet blithe followers of Napoleon—the down-cian and dancer, fearless and brave to excess, but rash to . right New Englanders--the honest, yet withal soft and fault, rushing into battle pell-mell, with no idea but that o heavy Germans—the fervid Creoles--all act exactly as overturning all opposed to him by mere animal force. Ye we were prepared to expect. That erewhile peaceful his feelings were very acute, and he griered much after a and happy country is undergoing a violent and fantastic great slaughter even of his enemies, and became subject to change-a sort of frenzy; but the crisis of its fever, and

severe epileptic tits. He had fought

many successful bus. the prelude of returning health, has seized it. To give our Bolivar. He was no politician, only a plain fighting mar,

tles, but he could not calculate the effect of evolutious like readers any adequate idea of Alexander's sketches on this where talent lay in rushing on to battle. He was quite subject, would be to extract almost the whole of his second void of learning, being able neither to read nor write. With volume. We pick out, however, one or two extracts al- much care he could just manage to scrawl P-a-e-z en the most at random. The following is his account of Bo- official papers that were presented to him; but his heart livar :

and soul were in the cause he espoused."-Vol. č. pp. 78,9 “ He is a native of Caraccas, where he had extensive

As the session of our General Assembly is bat lately property, at this time in the hands of the Spaniards. His over, it may not be inappropriate to add to these sketches height is about tive feet eight, and he is well-proportioned. the following curious picture : Though a full white, bis face was bronzed or weatherbeaten, but very intelligent, full, and round, with a natural

“ I stopped at a fine white house, which I was informed to smile, that rendered it pleasing, without hurting that air belonged to Commissionado. Here I passed as strange a of superiority which lurked in a dark and intelligent eye, night

as I ever did, At my first knocking, the door me the angry glance of which was benumbing. His eye enli- opened by a small plump-looking person, with a very broad vened a studious cast of countenance, whether natural or

leather belt. I boldly asked for a lodging, not as a favour, acquired I cannot say. He waltzed beautifully. He was

but a right. He gave a jump, and, flourishing bis bands of sober and abstemious babits, and spoke gracefully, and

bade me enter. As he turned, I saw that the crown of his well to the point; his proclamations were numerous, and

head was shaved. I felt a little abashed at my freedom; well adapted to their purpose. He spoke little in company,

but he jumped and danced before me. I thought he ma and had a great dislike to tipplers, babblers, idlers, game

mad; indeed I knew not what to think. I found bere sters, and duellists. He allowed the English to tight duels,

also a Frenchman, a colonel, an agreeable man, free of pre but any American wbo fought was shot for the offence. judice. He took a great deal of exercise, often walking and riding.

“ As soon as I was seated, the padre brought forth a He was very fond of the English, often talked about Eng- large bottle of rum, and poured out glass after glass

, driuk. land, and placed much confidence in the British, holding ing himself, and urging us in an antic manner, shaking out liberal encouragement to all adventurers, but giving at

the bottle before us; he danced, sang, and shouted like a the same time a general order that no foreigner was to be

bacchant. kept against his will, and that every one was to have his

“ At length supper was ordered in. Such a supper I had passport to return to his country whenever he chose. Out

seldom seen. There was chocolate, sausages, rice, soup, et of policy and regard to Britain, he pardoned many villains,

serves, &c. enough for ten men. But now the most ludi. giving them passports and rations until they embarked, and

crous scene began. He helped us with his bare hands, beap even money to carry them off; yet others who left the coun

ing the victuals on our plates. He was soon covered with try bad to fight their way in the best manner they could.

grease from the chin to the belt, as he ate lustily. Ever and I was a witness to an instance of his clemency ;-a Lieu

anon he seized the poor Frenchman round the deck, an tenant-colonel Wilson, who had been up the country with

kissed him. He was soon as much bedaubed as bimeeli. Pacz, then commander-in-chief, was spy to the Spa- I admired the patience of the Frenchman; and carefully niards, and in communication with General Murillo; he kept the table between us, lest the foolish priest should bent entered into an intrigue to overthrow Bolivar and the 'Re- attack me in the same manner, which I could not have eno public, by sowing dissension between the rulers. His plan

dured. was to disgrace Bolivar ; and, by working on the foibles of

“ The supper was removed, and the rum again weni the English, he soon got them to declare for Paez. When round until we were all tipsy, and then we tumbled into all was ripe, he had the assurance to go to Paez and propose

bed all three. I awoke about four o'clock, and fortonate to him to be supreme ruler, and supersede Bolivar ; which it was I did so, for the Frenchman was just on the point of Paez, to defeat his object, agreed to, and a proclamation expiring ; my right heel was on his neck, and thus he was was issued to the British and the army to acknowledge pushed to the wall, as he lay at the foot of the bed. I rePaez as the supreme chief and captain-general of the ar

moved my foot, and with difficulty recovered the French mies of the Republic. This they had been prepared for; officer, who had almost ceased to breathe. The priest also Colonel Wilson had only to come down to Angustura, and awoke; they began again to the bottle, but I would take take up with him all the British to the Apure, under the no more on account of my journey, and not being accus bien pretence of strengthening the army; all this was to be kept tomed to drink to excess. They both again tumbled into secret from Bolivar. Wilson came down, and the report bed, while I ordered breakfast, which was cheerfully fur. was soon spread abroad, that all the

foreigners in Angus- nished. I mounted and rode off as soon as day broke. This tura were to go up with him to join the army of the Apure.

was the first scene of intemperance I had seen, and I am But Paez, as soon as Wilson left him, sent down a boat sorry to say it was by a padre. The people in genera with information of the design to Bolivar,

drink pretty freely, but not to intoxication."-Vol ü. “ Wilson was still going backward and forward to Boli. pp. 298-300. var, on the most friendly terms, and dining with him. The first time he entered after the arrival of the message from

The Adventures of Alexander, who is at present, ma Paez, Bolivar, being reclined in his bammock, received him regret to learn, in the Royal Infirmary of this city, are without any apparent change of manner, and desired him rapidly related after his leaving South America, and are to come and sit down by him, when they entered into con

brought down to nearly the date of the publication of his versation, as if Bolivar knew nothing of his nefarious de volume. The whole book is full of feeling ; Alexander signs. After a short time spent in this manner, Bolivar, without any apparent emotion, drew the packet from his the whole work, and scarcely admit of being broker

was a child of impulse-proofs of which are spread ore pocket which contained the irrefragable proofs of his baseness, and told him to look at it, and inform him if he knew

down into small bits, and exhibited like geological speri. any thing of its contents. Wilson was immediately put

He thus speaks of his emotions when, on beert into close confinement, when we all looked for his being shot ;

a Columbian privateer, he passed within sight of her at large , until shipped off to the West


, and I believe his disappointed passion having haunted every hear but in a little time he was sent off to Old Guiana a prisoner dwelling, whom he had loved in youth—the memory a he had money to carry him off. Bolivar said _' I forgive his luckless life :


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