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had feared and hoped. On a solitary peak in the ocean, Although her rock is tall, and wild, and dread,
what was man ?--more useless than the sea-weed, more And Amor's sands below are desolate as the dead;
helpless than the bubbles that floated past with the waves. The solemn thoughts which on their fancies steal,

The ship had disappeared ; but some fragments still Not from the spirit of the hour they feel ;
Hoated about the rock. I took possession of one of them, A deeper charm upon their hearts is cast,
and drifted away, as I believed, to certain death. Now, And over all a holier awe hath past.
talk of solitude ! on a single plank in the untraversed
South Pacific. I floated away and away ; but nature Look downward where the glade retiring opes,
was at length exhausted. I stretched myself out at full And a grey pathway to the river slopes ;
length; I closed my eyes; and became insensible.

And mark the mantled twain, whose footsteps slow When my senses returned, I was on board a French Are moving to the deep stream's bridgeless flow. discovery-ship, in a comfortable bed, and enjoying every Lo! stern Elijah seeks his fated hour, luxury,—and oh! that luxury above all other luxuries— To close and seal his ministry of power ; the music of the human voice, when its tones are softened Already heaven is busy in his heart; by human affections! I did nothing but weep like a A moment more, and he shall calmly part, child for a whole week. In two months I was again in Leaving immortal a memorial strange England.

Of heavenly triumph over earthly change.
He, too, is there, on whom shall soon alight

The double wonders of prophetic might;
THE ASCENT OF ELIJAH,

Unmoved of soul, though they have striven to wake 'Mid peaks abrupt, the snows are ever deep

His human fear. “Elisha, God will take On lonely Lebanon's unshelter'd steep ;

Away to-day thy master from thy head." And cedars wild, o'er all that drear abode,

“ I know it, yea, and wait, but not with dread." Spring up to fill the garden-mount of God :

They reach the river: will they breast its sweep ? For pilgrim tired they point to shade and rest,

They wind-they tread—they pass the waters deep ! They tell of life on desolation's breast,

The prophet's robe hath smote them; and the waves And through the desert's gloom, its icy chill,

Own the command, and leave their reedy caves. They soar like hope above a world of ill.

Father,"

,” Elisha murmur'd,“ on my head And thus, across the waste of ages gone,

A double share be of thy spirit shed !"
All gleaming wan as monumental stone,

Upward he look'd, and that pale ancient brow
With awe we look on those to whom were given With warmer passion seem'd to kindle now,
The Prophet's heart of fire, the words of heaven. And seraph-like the smile which fitted there,
We feel their names a spell, when faith grows cold, As, o'er his kneeling servant bent in prayer,
To bear the soul within those glories old,

He blest the seer with accents all divine :
When through the world supernal mandates ran, “ Much hast thou ask'd, yet shall the gift be thine,
And Godhead communed visibly with man.

If thou behold me when mine hour is come."

- The vision burst, and mortal voice was dumb. The hour is dim; the sacred passion swells;

Hail to God's visions in their dread array !
And, rapt in thought, the vision'd spirit dwells

Oh, dark and wondrous in their pomp are they!
Where shapes divine and ancient worlds appear, Like breaking storms the revelation came
In dark ancestral pageantry of fear!

Wrapt in the glories of descending flame,
The scene hath risen.-- The river banks are fair,

Where blended wildest sights with darkness dread, And Eden-like the groves that glimmer there;

And light unspeakable around was spread ; Shadows are sinking on the western green,

Strange as the forms which cross'd Ezekiel's glance, Where Jericho, amid her palms, is seen ;

By Chenar's stream in that tremendous trance ; And, towards the desert east, the parting day

Of living things like lamps of clearest light, Burns on yon holy mountains far away,

Of beryl-wheels where spirit lodged, and might, Till that resplendence to their summits given,

And dreadful voices, that from out the car, Hath lighted earth with all the blaze of heaven. Rush'd like the sounds of Deity or war ;On the near mound, with column'd palm-trees crown'd, Thus dim was all, and all mysterious there, Where honey'd fragrance dews the air around,

Where burn'd the angel-chariot on the air ; Why on the verdant knoll do yonder band

And such the sounds that through the whirlwind broke, Cluster and gaze, and murmur as they stand ?

Loud as the trumpet out from Sinai spoke.
Sons of the prophets of the Lord are those,-
Why do they seek the hill at evening's close ?

Whose is the form that mingles in the blaze ?
Come they to muse by Jordan's steepy bank

A mortal shape ascending as he prays; Of willows blue and alders straight and dank?

Till in the shrouding depths he fades away, Or do they strive, from yonder city fair,

Like a lost star-beam at the gates of day! To catch the faint low sound of distant prayer,

Breathless Elisha mark'd him as he soar'd, If on its terraced roofs some Levite pale,

Then veil'd his head, and speechlessly adored ; Clad in white ephod, turns to Sion's vale?

Look'd reverent up, and caught his parting eye, Or crowd they there to hear the fiercer cry

And bade him hail with one ecstatic cry; Which on the waken'd gale is hurrying by,

Outstretch'd his arms to pour his last farewell,
The fluttering cry as of a soul in pain,

And caught the sacred mantle as it fell.
The ostrich' shriek from Moab's homeless plain ? He rose, and gazed around ; the trance was o'er,
Perchance they look on yonder shadowy heights, And Jordan's shores were darkening as before ;
Whose peaks are warm with eve's aerial lights,

He turn'd, and smote the river-waters free;
Glad as the dying prophet's hour of awe,

“ Elijah's God, Jehovah, where is he ?” When from their tops the land of rest he saw!

Echoing they parted, and he cross'd the glen,
No; though the City of the Palms is bright,

And mute among his brethren stood again.
And her far walls are seen through rosy light;
Though ancient Jordan's waves are dark in rest,

Oh, awed and still as that old seer, and they
And cliff and wood lie imaged on his breast;

Who throng'd around him in the twilight grey, No; though Mount Abarim, in valleys lone,

And wondering as they saw his troubled air, Conceals the grave where Moses sleeps unknown ; Knew the dark spirit of Elijah there ;

So awed, so silent, land of God! will we

and but a few hours before, uncovered, showed the entire Recall our fancies from thy scenes and thee.

mound to be one vast sepulchre, whose dread contents, by Ah! we have seen the pictures of thy tale

their confusion, too plainly evidenced the unpeaceful deLike evening rainbow in the misty vale,

parture and the reckless entombment. The scenery of .. And have forgotten, in entrancement glad,

no mean event, of no trivial contest, was now obviously That earth was round us, and that life was sad !

around me; but multitudinous and unrecorded death a Alas! the sights which haunted earth so long !

seemed here involved in double mystery. They linger but to bless the soul of song ;

Resuming enquiry, I found the door of the belfry only Gone with the thousand isles in ocean hurl'd

slightly secured, thus reaching, with some difficulty, by a Gone with the patriarch forests of the world!

half ruinous stair, an exterior bartizan. This station, So let it be: we have a holier faith

though not elevated above forty feet, commanded a proBelieving life amid the land of death ;

spect of surpassing grandeur, which would have presentLooking from darkness upon visions strange,

ed, even to less excited imaginings, no unfitting theatre And down into eternity from change!

for some mighty act in the drama of events. Here, too, **

knowledge, far from discrediting, was to give fixedness God of our spirits ! from thy throne sublime,

and veracity to the pourtrayings of fancy. On the Poised o'er the dark profundity of time,

rapet had once been a sun-dial; the gnomon broken away, si Breathe on our hearts thine influence good and calm, the hour lines defaced, seemed, like the awful secrets bei Strength to our souls, and to our sorrows balm ;

neath, to have no more doings with time; but there still it Our guiding light may deep devotion be,

remained legibly inscribed, as the name of the place, And rapt imagination bend to thee !

“ WAGRAM !" May hope and memory close embracing twine,

To the communication of this brief legend there reAnd thought's sole form, her very life, be thine! quired no addition. The landscape which now extended 1 Till the strong spirit, with the speed of morn,

before and around me, bright, and calm, and beautiful, Up to the presence of thy power is borne ;

had been the torn and echoing battle-field, whereon two And even in life the cares of earth shall show,

hundred thousand human beings had toiled in mortal Fair as from mountain-heads, the sun-spread haze below! conflict. Here the Austrian had bled within sight and

W. s. sound of home's endearments, and side by side,—his foe, 'ng

afar from all “the closing eye requires;" yet did not

home in sunny France mingle sweetly even in his latest THE BATTLE GROUND.

blood-dimmed visions! It is when on some battle-plain By J. Memes, LL.D., Author of the Life of

we thus view each nameless wreck apart-regard each pro Canova,&c.

single bosom, in itself a world of life, a little sanctuary of

loves and charities, desolated as if not an holy thing—as Ri Rimaner dopo vita pien di faville.

if not the holiest of created things that our souls sickeningen A SOLITARY ramble along the left bank of the Danube, at the trade of warfare. It is then we execrate his refor I had escaped from Vienna and all inflictions of regu- nown, as formerly we may have contemned the vulgar lar sight-seeing for one day's enjoyment of nature-termi- quality that constitutes the military hero. Father of Merin nated in a spot which arrested thought with a power still cies ! how have thy rational offspring become—how do well remembered. Yet scarcely could the impressiveness they continue—the veriest dupes and slaves of names and be assigned to any definite or striking characteristics of influences the most abhorrent to all that is truly noblest in locality. A village church, the principal object, with their nature and best ends of being ! steep roof and square belfry, supporting its extinguisher Hope fain would whisper this may not always be. shaped spire of shining tiles, nowise superior to the simi- Meanwhile yield we somewhat to the deceit ; and do lar buildings of German hamlets, was surrounded by an you, reader, placing yourself beside us in the narrow halhumble cemetery alike unpretending. But something in cony of the church tower, look forth upon the scene while the aspect of the place spake to the heart and engaged at we describe the associations of its history. Turn we first tention. The more observation was indulged, a greater attention eastwards to these low verdant islands, floating intensity, or perhaps individuality of sentiment, awoke. from thence about cannon-shot down the stream where How have these walls been literally ploughed by the the Danube expands to 'receive them in a wider reach. deadly though not recent shower of musketry; and these These, for many weeks, formed the position of the French once magnificent trees, so evidently survivors of them army, whence it marched on the morning of July 6th, selves as of compeers, what has smitten their giant limbs 1809, “ the day of Wagram.” That village just seen in such ruthlessness? And, more than all, these numerous above the coppice of the right bank opposite is Ebersand lengthened ridges reposing green and silent in the dorff, the station of Davoust and the reserve. These dark calm sunshine, how are they to be contemplated ? Too masses to the rear of the extreme right are the towers of capacious for the last resting-places of the rustic popula- | Vienna, which, then in possession of a French garrison, tion around-it not tombs, why rise they in consecrated extended their line of communication seven miles. The earth? But who shall unfold the story of their indwell-main force, however, commanded by Napoleon in person, die ers, if tenanted they be by unknown dead thus lonely and lay in Lobau, the largest of the islands, three, or perhaps unhonoured ! Here no sumptuous monument proclaimed four miles in circuit, and joined to the left bank by an its tale of flattery or of pride, nor modest stone recorded isthmus seemingly artificial, where these grassy inequalithe tribute of affection. Nothing indicated the sympa-ties still mark the strong entrenchments opposed to hosthies or interests of this world—not even the rude cross tile attack on that side, while, on the other, friendly inof wood, (rarely, in Austria, omitted over the lowliest tercourse was secured by a bridge of boats. Here a spegrave,) on which might be read the initials of some loved cies of military colony was established, and not unintename, traced with bare intelligence by the unpractised resting relics of the habits and tastes of the French solhand. Nature's sweets had here strewn, it might be, over diery may yet be discovered in the ruins of regular streets human decay, the sole and affecting ornament in the and squares of turf habitations, intermingled with par, spring flowers that gemmed the undulating sward. terres, miniature gardens, and promenades. On this hand

A consequent search conducted to the extremity, close a battery, on that a theatre_here a champs de Mars, upon the river, of the largest of these mysterious eleva there a circus rises. Beyond this once-crowded spot, tions. At this point a late inundation had burst the where men, cut off by situation and hostility from all the cerement that shrouded from the eye—formless nothings world, and from all aid save their swords, could be thus that had once been men! The portion thus singularly, careless and gay, the noblest of European rivers winds bis

very least.

majestie course through a champaign of luxuriant ferti

ANECDOTES OF AN AUTHOR OF THE OLD lity, bounded only by the horizon where the blue waters

SCHOOL. gleam along the azure plains of distant Hungary.

By Robert Chambers. The Austrian force, under the Archduke Charles, confined wholly to the left bank of the Danube, occupied a

Dr WALTER ANDERSON, who died about thirty years strong position in front of these two villages, about three

ago, minister of Chirnside in Berwickshire, was a man miles to the westward, or up the river, whence they are

of excellent private character, of the best intentions, and about half a mile distant. From our present station their great benevolence; but he was unfortunately spoilt by white walls glisten cheerfully amid the fresh green of the

the idea that he possessed the qualifications of a great cultivation which surrounds them, but their magnitude author. Perhaps not a single reader of this Journal is and appearance may seem to contrast strangely with the acquainted with Dr Anderson's name as an author ; yet it importance attached in history to tbe names of Asperne

is certain he published a prodigious number of books—aye,

and books of a substantial nature, too_none of your light and Esseling. The immediate field of battle, however, was upon the plain, or rather two plains, above and below gossamer royal eighteenmos, or your slim twelvemos Wagram; interjacent between the Danube and these ir

but thick, honest-like quartos, or decent octavos, at the regular heights, which, on the point where the church

Had the Doctor's works been only solid and stands, forming a kind of isthmus with the river, after

massive in their physical or external structure, there wards recede to a distance in the shape of a double cres

would have been no occasion to speak of him here ; but, cent. Eastwards, below Wagram, these elevations gra

alas! they were equally solid in their moral constitution, dually subside into the general level ; but to the west, and

and lay upon the public stomach like so many masses of

lead. above Asperne, they rise into grandeur, presenting a mag, literary ambition, in the face of general disapprobation,

The means by which he contrived to gratify his nificent amphitheatre of hanging forest, broken cliff, and castled steep, with woodland and cultivated valley be

were curious. He was a man of some property, and,

for a long time, he regularly sold a house in Dunse, and tween, while far beyond tower the mountains of the Moravian chain, behind whose rampart the discomfited Aus published a book in Edinburgh, every other year; the trian first sought refuge.

proceeds of the house to defray the expenses of the publiIt falls not in with our purpose to describe the battle.

cation. By this expedient, he converted a row of goodly Both from its situation, and the circumstances of attack,

houses in one of the best streets of his native town, into Wagram formed the principal object of contest, as being

a row of goodly volumes in one of the best shelves of his in reality the key of the position. During the early por

library. tion of the day the Austrians remained in possession, and

Dr Anderson was one of those pregnant wits who rethe French were confined to the lower semicircle of plain quire nothing but to have a subject suggested to them in

order to write a book. One day he was dining at the opposite Lobau, whence they had deployed ; but after various captures and re-occupations, the latter became the

house of the patron of the parish, Mr Hume of Mirefinal masters of this important point, whence they could

wells; and in the company assembled was the illustrious

David Hume, brother of the host. “ Mr Dauvit,” said not be driven, the former retreating nearer their first ground in the upper plain. And from the rude balcony

the mortal to the immortal, with all the familiarity which of Wagram tower, from the very spot where the broken

a clergyman may use towards a parishioner, “ you have sun-dial lately stood, did Napoleon Bonaparte behold the got a great name by your writings; but the worst of it closing hours of that conflict, whose issues affected the is, that you, and sic as you, have engrossed all the good most distant thrones of Europe. Thus, reader, the place subjects, so that we who come a little later can find noon which we had stationed you, was, in common par

thing to employ our pens upon.”—“ Why," said Hume, lance, one of no ordinary interest. The moral grandeur

“ I rather believe there are a few good subjects still un

handled."of endurance, too, and of persevering endeavour under du

'_“ Could you mention any ?” asked Anderson. bious or even adverse circumstances, which latterly are by

-" What, for instance," said the philosopher, “ would no means conspicuous qualities in Napoleon's character, you think of a history of Cræsus, king of Lydia ?"Fere bere eminently displayed. During the early part

« The best possible !” exclaimed the poor Doctor, in rapof the day, more than once, by his own personal exer

tures ;

“ there is no such book in existence, and I think tions, exposing himself to every danger, had he re-esta

it is just exactly the sort of subject I could make the most blished his broken and retreating legions. After all ef

of.” Accordingly, upon this hint he spoke :

The Life forts and a partial success, he beheld the fortunes of that of Cræsus, King of Lydia, came forth in a splendid oc

But, alas! held on which so much depended—often more than tavo, at the expense of a three-story house. doubtful—yet even then, from this post where we have although the subject was the richest in the world, the stand, he gazed upon its varying array, and wielded its

book was no better than the rest of Dr Anderson's promovements, with firm eye and unblanched cheek. Nor

ductions, being simply a crude compilation from Herowe report the evidence of a witness, though no friend, of dotus and such writers of antiquity, without a single ray

of mind to illuminate the mass. me, in fact, who was cut down and made captive in a

Anderson imitated the example of Burke, by writing a upon

that very station)-nor did one changing expression for a moment disturb the marble composure of his pamphlet in vituperation of the French revolution ; but

It cost a

he did not imitate Burke in making it sell. Ere and statue-like countenance, or turn aside his intense concentration of thought, fixed on one great crisis, yet

two-story house, and the public purchased five copies. alive to minor incidents, till perceiving the Austrian

About a twelvemonth after the work appeared, the aucentre to be injudiciously and irretrievably extended, he

thor came to Edinburgh, and called upon the historian exclaimed, in tones as if a spell had been broken, “ We

Robertson, with whom he was intimately connected,

“ Doctor,” said have gained !” Then rushing down the narrow'stair_through the means of church politics. finging himself into the nearest saddle---several of his he, “ I've come to town to see about the publication of favourite chargers having been in readiness for bours in

an appendix to my pamphlet on the French revolution.” the church below, he poured the shock of his columns

Robertson expressed surprise at the object of the expeupon the weakness of his adversary, and verified his own

dition, seeing that the original work had not done any prediction.

good. “ Ah," said the author, “but this is three times as big a book as the pamphlet! and I think they'll baith gang aff thegither.”—“Well,” said the learned Principal, “this is the most extravagant business I ever knew you engaged in-to think that a pamphlet which has been already found so heavy, will be made lighter by an addi

tion of three times the weight! Nonsense, Doctor! You

But this Academy, the establishment of which took must give up the idea.".

_" But I winna gi'e up the idea. place in the ninth century, not having been chartered, I ken better than you how to make a thing lighter. Do

soon fell into decay, and centuries were destined to elapse

before its revival. During this long period, when all Euyou no mind, when ye was a callant at the schule, that ye sometimes found a dragon (a kite) too heavy to go up rope, and especially France, experienced the beneficial ef. into the air by itself?"_“ Yes, I do,” answered Dr Ro? fects of Italian literature, the minstrelsies of the Troubabertson. “ Weel, was there ever ony plan sae gude for dours, and above all, the discovery of printing, no academy making the thing rise, as to tie a tail far langer and

was in existence, nor in contemplation, although the uniheavier than itsell to the bottom o't? Just sae I intend versity of Paris, on account of the great reputation it had to do wi' my pamphlet.” Dr Robertson laughed out- acquired, was then attended by more than twenty-five rageously at the humour of the author ; but he found thousand students. But in the sixteenth century, a means to save him the house which the publication would bright constellation of authors, ascending towards the have cost, by using some other arguments.

zenith of French literature, shone forth, and under their This ill-starred writer once got a dreadful hit in the fostering influence the institution of the French Academy stomach of his absurdity, from a hand that did not seem

took place. The names of its illustrious founders are, the most likely to inflict it. There prevailed in his time

Ronsard, Ponthus de Thiard, Remy-Belleau, Jodelle,

These seven celebrated chaa very reprehensible custom of making one of every little Dubellay, Dorat, and Baïf. party the butt, as it was called ; in other words, an indi-racters, in allusion to the Egyptian Pleïades, near the time vidual was selected, remarkable for either natural or as

of Philadelphus Ptolemy, King of Egypt, were called the sumed eccentricity of character, who was set up as a sort

French Pleïades,-a name well merited, for like the fair of mark, against which all the rest might direct their daughters of Atlas, every one of them became the theme witticisms. The custom prevailed immensely in society

of admiration; and the enthusiastic regard evinced by of the second order, and particularly among the clergy,

Queen Mary of Scotland, towards Ronsard, one of their whose presbytery dinners and other meetings gave them number, is an additional proof how powerful the charms frequent occasion for exercising it. The chief butt of

of that poet must have been. the clergy of Dr Anderson's district was a Dr Ridpath,

The establishment, however, of an academy, the arowed brother to the author of “ The Border History of Scot-object of which was to refine and perfect the French lan. land ;” a worthy man and a scholar, but whose simpli-guage, was considered by some an encroachment on the city of character made him quite the proper person for rights of the University, and a remonstrance from that being used as a butt. It was a peculiar feature, however, body was forwarded to Charles IX. then King of France, of Dr Ridpath's character as a butt, that he sometimes

and then also, fortunately for the infant Academy, one of stood at bay, and paid back as good as he got ; and of this its members. Instead of supporting the University, a noted instance is told in connexion with the name of

Charles became the zealous protector of the French AcaDr Anderson. One day, that gentleman, after a long demy against the attacks of its enemy; and his patronage course of bantering, fairly told Dr Ridpath that " it was

was so effectual, that, notwithstanding the odious cha. weel kenn'd he was but a weak brother.”_" Ou ay,

racter borne by that monarch in history, he has a claim Willie, man,” answered the Doctor ; I never published

to the favourable remembrance of posterity, at least for it, though."

the part he acted on this occasion. But by the death of Baïf, one of the Pleïades, and the main support of the Academy, and also by the civil wars then raging in

France, in which Henry IV. was making gigantic efforts RISE AND PROGRESS OF THE ROYAL INSTITUTE

to recover his crown from the Ligueurs, this establishment suffered severely ; and until the time of Cardinal Riehe

lieu, under Louis XIII. the Academy seems to have been THE French Institute, styled L'Institut Royal de buried in oblivion. France, is composed of four distinct Academies. The first

In the middle of the seventeenth century, like a Phenix is exclusively devoted to the French language, and is reviving from its ashes, the illustrious body assumed a called L'Académie Française; the second takes under its new life, and from the lustre reflected by a Balzac, 3 care the learned languages, antiquities, monuments, his-Chapelain, a Voiture, a Benserade, and a Sarazin, in the tory, &c. and is termed L'Académie Royale des Inscriptions houses of whom, from 1628 till 1635, its meetings were et Belles-Lettres ; the third, in which matters connected held, the literary horizon of France became once more with medicine, surgery, mathematics, astronomy, &c. are illuminated. About this period died Malherbe, styled treated of, bears the name of L'Académie Royale des Sciences ; and the fourth, which is composed of painters, genius the French language, assuming a new character,

the poet,” par excellence—under the influence of whose sculptors, architects, musical authors, &c. is known by became more pure, flowing, and harmonious, and also the appellation of L'Académie Royale des Beaux-arts. acquired a degree of elevation and dignity, unknown beL'Académie Française having been the cradle of the three fore the time of this elegant and accurate writer. It is others, its origin should be first explained.

of him that Boileau has said, in his Art Poétique,The first French Academy may be traced as far back as the time of Charlemagne, at which period it was com

“ Enfin Malherbe vint, et, le premier en France, posed of the chief personages of his court, Charlemagne

Fit sentir dans les vers une juste cadence; himself being a member. Various were the objects of

D'un mot mis en sa place enseigna le pouvoir, their academical conferences, but they were for the most

Et réduit la muse aux règles du devoir." part suggested by the different works, ancient and modern,

Cardinal Richelieu's good taste, liberality, and fondwhich had formed the studies of the members. With

ness for every thing connected with French literature, the view of giving greater dignity to their society, a name

can never be forgotten. Under his fostering care, the connected with the literature of antiquity was assumed by each member. Alcuinus, for instance, an illustrious his patronage that in 1635, the same year in which was

Academy acquired a solid reputation ; and it was under Englishman, whom Charlemagne had called to his court, erected the first Botanical Garden at Paris, it obtained took the title of Flaccus, the surname of Horace; Augil the name of l'Académie Française, the objects of which bert, a lord and a poet, called himself Homer; Adelard, the Bishop of Corbie, was named Augustin; and Charle- refinement, and perfection of the French language. The

were understood to be exclusively for the improvement, magne assumed the appellation of David.

number of its members was limited to forty, out of which This paper is from the pen of an able French writer now resident two first offices being for a limited period, and the latter

a director, a chancellor, and a secretary, were chosen ; the in Edinburgh.

SOME ACCOUNT OF THE

OF FRANCE.

for life. In the apartment of Cardinal Richelieu the first Academy, Colbert, always alive to every thing from which legal sittings were held; but some time after his death, France could derive cither honour or benefit, and aware accommodation in the palace of the Louvre, correspond - that meetings of mathematicians, natural philosophers, and ing with the dignity and independence of the illustrious other scientific persons, such as Descartes, Pascal, Merbody, was prepared and appropriated for them. Cor- sennes, Blondel, Montmort, Thevenot, &c. had, for some neille

, Racine, Boileau, La Fontaine, Ménage, D'Olivet, years, been frequently held in private, thought proper, as and other luminaries, were members of this Academy, a mark of respect, and also as a stimulus to every indiwhich to this day has retained the exclusive title of vidual versed in particular sciences, to recommend the Académie Française, the meaning of which ism-l'Aca- erection of an Académie des Sciences; and in 1699, predémie de la langue Française, because the labours of its cisely at the time of the breaking out of the war for the members are confined to that kind of literature, in which Spanish succession, which set Europe in a blaze, it bethe accuracy of style and beauties of diction form the pro- came a legal institution. Its constitution, however, on minent objects. This may account for poets having com account of the multifarious branches of which the Acaposed the majority of the French Academy, which is now demy was composed, was necessarily modelled on grounds the first branch of the Royal Institute of France. differing from the others, for, in the first place, the num

On the death of Cardinal Richelieu, which was fol- ber of members was fixed at seventy ; secondly, the memlowed by that of Louis XIII., when the young king was bers were divided into four classes, honorary, pensionary, about four years old, Cardinal Mazarin, taking advantage associates, and pupils; and, in the last place, no one was of the high favour he was in with the queen regent, suc to be admitted unless he was the author of an invention, ceeded Richelieu in the premiership, and by repeated discovery, or original work of importance. reckless and oppressive measures, the offspring of his un Such are the elements of which the National Institute bounded ambition, brought France to the point of a gene. of France is now chiefly composed, and such they were ral civil war. Fortunately, however, the excitement was exactly before the French Revolution in 1788, when a confined chiefly to Paris, where, after the conspicuous political storm, which had been gathering for many years, part played, during a whole year, by the Barricades and exhibited, on the horizon of France its hideous and fears the Fronde, peace and apparent harmony between the ful aspect, and, bursting with indescribable fury, spread queen, the young king, the prime minister, the parlia- devastation far and wide, overturning every legal barrier, ment, and the people, were at last restored. Five years rooting out every institution, and rending asunder every after these events, Cardinal Mazarin, sensible of the in- moral tie. After several years of confusion and desolaAuence the fine arts would have in repressing those fierce tion, a successful stop, however, was put to the victorious passions, whence flowed all the miseries with which and bloody career of the evil spirit by which that dreadful France had been afflicted since he began to govern, form- storm and its destructive concomitants were directed. The ed the liberal and generous resolution of erecting, under extinguishing of the torch of civil war, which, unfortuhis special protection, an Academy of Painting and Sculp- nately for my country, had been too long burning, was ture, which was accordingly established in 1654, under attended with the re-establishment of those institutions the name of l'Académie de Peinture et de Sculpture. The which, though excellent in themselves, the irresistible tor: office-bearers of this Academy were composed of a di- rent of the Revolution had indiscriminately swept away, rector, a chancellor, a treasurer, rectors, and professors; and France began again to assume that commanding attiand the rank of every member was regulated by the style tude and that high rank, which its acknowledged political of art pursued by him,-historical painters ranking high- influence so justly entitled it to hold.

G. S. est, portrait painters next, then landscape painters, and so on through all the grades of the profession.

A monarch of an indifferent capacity, or possessing no LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC SOCIETIES OF taste either for the fine arts or literature, might have re

EDINBURGH. mained a cold spectator of the liberal and generous efforts of his prime minister; but, great by principle, magnificent by habit, and enthusiastic by nature, Louis XIV, was

Monday, 17th May, 1830. fired with the glorious design of increasing the fame of

Sir HENRY JARDINE in the Chair, France, by extending to Rome a branch of the Parisian Present, Drs Hibbert, Maclagan, Carson, Borthwick; establishment, so that young artists, who had deserved Skene, Dalzel, Gordon, Gabriel Surenne, well of the Academy at Paris, might be sent to“ the Eter T. G. Repp, Edward Lothian, Donald Gregory, &c. sal City," where they would enjoy the inestimable advan &c. Esqrs. tage of witnessing the efforts, and imitating the beauties, A COMMUNICATIon from Oriel Hay, Esq. was read, re. of the ancients. This plan was no sooner conceived than lative to the locality in which the Cyrenaic marbles, which Executed. The modern Romans were not a little sur we mentioned some weeks ago, were discovered. The folprised to see within their walls a French Academy of lowing is an extract from the letter of Mr H. Warrington, Painting and Sculpture, so quickly and so skilfully organ- female statue was found at Cyrene. The remains of the

son to our Consul at Tripoli, who discovered them. " The ised. Its foundation, as well as its present prosperity, city stand on the elevation of a mountain; below which, Surm a lasting monument to the glorious memory of Louis facing the north, are various shelving flats, or terraces, inXIV.

clining towards the base or plain country. These hill-sides These Academies had not been long on foot, when five contin sepulchral caves, or apartments, evidently constructor six members of the Académie Française, known for ed by human art. It was upon the uppermost of these their intimate acquaintance with antiquity, monuments, terraces, and near to the celebrated fountain of Cyrene, bi-tory, &c., and also with foreign languages, were re

where, on digging about seven yards below the surface, I quested to draw up a plan of an Academy of General discovered the statue in question, perfect all but the arm,

and some tritling defects. The arm was found theday followLiterature, and its inauguration took place in 1663, justing, by digging a few yards distance, and abont the same as the foundation of the Collége Mazarin at Paris was depth. Above the spot where the statue was discovered, a laid. In 1710, five years before the death of Louis XIV., half-legible inscription, in Greek characters, might be traced at the solicitation of Colbert, his prime minister, this body on the hill-side. The bassi-relievi were found near the obtained the royal charter, under the name of l'Acad place described, and about the same distance from the surdémie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres. Among its mem

face. From the nature of the ruins on that spot, I have bers

, Charpentier, Gédoin, Godeau, La Monnaie, Charles every reason to believe that future excavations would be Perrault, and Vaillant, were remarkable for their pro

attended with success.” The vase, which we are happy to found knowledge and sterling merit.

This is a mistake on the part of Mo Warrington; it is a statue A few years before the legal installation of the above of Esculapius.

SOCIETY OF ANTIQUARIES.

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