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FORTUNES OF FRANCESCO NOVELlo da Carrara, LORD OF PADUA, an historical tale of the fourteenth century, from the Gataro Chronicles, with notes, by David Syme, Esq. advocate. Mr Sweet has in a forward state for publication ard state for tion à cond edition of his "Hortus Britannicus," which will contain all the new plants up to the time of publication. The names will be accentuated, and the colours of the flowering plants will be added.

A second edition of Retirement, a Poem, by Thomas Stewart, Esq. is in the press.

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A new edition is in a state of forwardness for publication of RosaBotanical History of Roses, with coloured plates. By John Lindley, Esq., F.R.S., Professor of Botany in the University of London. Royal octavo.

There is preparing for publication, the Fossil Flora of Great Britain; or, Figures and Descriptions of the Vegetable Remains found in a Fossil State in this Country. By John Lindley, Esq., F. R.S., and William Hutton, Esq., F. G. S., &c. To appear in quarterly parts. Each part will contain ten copperplates, and about forty pages of letter-press.

Theatrical Gossip.-By all we can learn, the Pantomimes, both at Covent Garden and Drury Lane, are comparatively failures; the one has no tricks, and the tricks of the other all The Panto mimes at the Adelphi and the Surrey are better. The plot of the Surrey extravaganza, which is called "Harlequin Apple Pie," is as follows:-"The Princess Peppermintdrop is betrothed to Prince Sugarplum, ( Sweets to the sweet!') whose rival, the Baron of Barleysugar, Prime Minister to King Lollypop, the ninety-ninth sovereign of the dynasty, is banished for his presumption in aspiring to the hand of the Princess. An Apple Pie, of the most formidable dimengions, is to constitute the wedding-feast, but it becomes the object of THE NORTH BRITON.-A new paper, beating this title, is about a furious attack and defence between the rivals and their respective to be set on foot under what appear to be very favourable auspices. armies. The Pie, however, is suddenly transformed into a Diamond It is to be conducted by Dr James Browne, late Editor of the Cale-Temple, out of which issues the Fairy, who transforms the Baron donian Mercury, a gentleman of varied information, of an acute and the King into Pantaloon and Clown, while the Prince and Prinand original mind, and of a ready and popular command of almost cess become Harlequin and Columbine."-Miss Kemble's third chaevery subject necessary to be discussed in a public Journal. The racter is to be Lady Constance, in King John.-Fawcett, it is said, is and from the known energy about to leave the stage. The Italian Opera, which is to open soon, of Dr Browne's character, we have secure for it an extensive circulation, and a more than ordinary reputation for spirit and independence.

paper is to be published twice no doubt that he will speedily does not seem to promise a very brilliant season. Neither Pasta, nor

Pa

been given up by the present Magistracy to Mr Short's daughter,
who, unable to find a purchaser, is obliged to dispose of it by raffle.
We recommend her and her little scheme to the patronage of the
amateurs of science,
descendant of two of our most ingenious scientific artists. The te-
lescope itself, even independent of this consideration, is an object of
interest, as the last which proceeded from the hands of its able con-
structor.

dence, and of the humane in general, as the destitute

Sontag, nor Zucheli, nor De Begnis, are to be of the company. Malibran is engaged; but Mile, Blasis, a very second-rate singer, is to be prima donna for a while,-Pasta has been presented with a gold re-medal by her enthusiastic admirers at Bologna, bearing the following

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EDINBURGH EVENING POST AND GAZETTE. We have been quested by Mr Crichton, late of the Evening Post and Gazette, to inscription:-"To Giuditta Pasta, in the mystery of Song, by the destate, that he has resigned the Editorship of these papers, and has cision of Italy, in the Histrionic Art, by the acknowledgment of now no further connexion with either of them. France, most admirable, the members of the Cassino gratefully applauding." Upon this inscription the Court Journal remarks—“ All we have to object in relation to the above is, that of all places in the world, France should have been made the touchstone of merit in the histrionic art,'-France-where Miss Smithson is at least as much admired as Pasta-and where Georges and Duchesnois are more admired than either!"-Sontag, it is said, has been nearly suffocated by a German plasterer.-Vestris has been playing in Southampton; the curtain drew up one evening to ten persons in the boxes, and three in the pit.Ducrow is at Liverpool in great strength, and drawing very crowded houses, Munden and Quick, the retired and admirable comedians, have expressed a wish to act together, in the same play, once more before their final exit. Old Dornton and Silky, in "The Road to Ruin," are the characters these sexagenarians have fixed upon. Covent Garden Theatre, where the comedy was originally produced, has been selected for this interesting representation. Mr Murray's arrangements for the next month are as follows:On the termination of Miss Jarman's present engagement, we are to have a short visit from Braham; he is to be succeeded by Matthews, and, early in February, we are to have Vandenhoff.

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The United Service Journal, and Naval and Military Magazine, will, in addition to its numerous other attractions, in future contain a new feature of peculiar interest, under the head of Foreign Miscellany. The 1st Number for the present year, just published, is more than usually interesting. THE KING'S SIGHT.A great deal has lately been said about the eyesight of our gracious Sovereign, George the Fourth. The antiministerial papers contend that his Majesty is all but blind, while the ministerial papers, on the other hand, allege that his sight is excellent, and look on the various reports as mere bugbears. The real fact is, that neither party know any thing of the matter. We had an opportunity of seeing very lately the King's signature to a government paper, and are able to state, that the formation, freedom, and beauty of the letters, were as good as in his Majesty's best days. Of course, he may sign well enough with one eye, but it is a pleasure to

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know that he has at least one.

Grand*

A TITLE-PAGE OR FRONTISPIECE FOR SCRAPBOOKS. This is an ingenious trifle, and a very pretty specimen of ornamental engraving The title consists of words in large and in small characters. If the large words alone are read, you have an account in prose of the contents of the supposed scrap-book; but if you read the small words likewise, which are interspersed among the large ones, then you have a pretty long poem concerning such works. We do not know that any young lady who keeps a Scrap-book could find a more appropriate embellishment for it. 11.

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JAMES SHORT, F.R.S., OPTICIAN-This ingenious artist was TOES.
born in Edinburgh, 10th June (O.S.) 1710, and died somewhere near WED,
London, 15th June, 1768. Being left an orphan at an early age, he THURS.
was entered on George Heriot's foundation, whence he was trans- FR
ferred to the High School. He was afterwards sent, by the exertions.
of some relations, to the University, with a view to his entering the
Church of Scotland, and he complied in so far with their wishes as to
pass his trials for a preacher. The natural bent of his mind was,
however, more turned towards the pursuits of mechanical science,
and this tendency was fostered by the judicious patronage of Mac-
laurin. Under the protection of that eminent philosopher, and with
the use of his apparatus, Mr Short made great improvements in the
construction of the Gregorian telescope. To this branch of art he
devoted his future life, with the exception of a short interval in the
year 1736, when he was called to London, at the desire of Queen Ca-
roline to give instructions to William, Duke of Cumberland, in ma-
thematics. The excellence of his large telescopes is evidenced by the
great demand for them throughout Europe, and by the express tes-
timony of Maclaurin. His brother Thomas, who followed the same
profession, was one of the first who projected the establishment of
an Observatory on the Calton Hill. With a view to the furtherance of
this institution, in which he was to have had some share, James pre-
sented to the city a large equatorial mounted reflecting telescope, the
specula of which were made by his brother, and for which he had
been offered L.1200 by the King of Denmark. The plan did not suc-
ceed, and Mr J. Short's finances suffered considerably by the fail-
ure. The instrument, which is said to be in good preservation, has Cortes, for " Hascala," read Tlascala, passim.

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The Soldier's Daughter, & Do.

The Point of Honour, The Youthful Queen, & Do.
The Robber's Wife, The Noyades, & Do.

The House of Aspen, & Do.

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TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS.

SEVERAL interesting Reviews and Articles are still unavoidably postponed.

We have received a copy of" May Flowers," which we shall peruse with pleasure. We entirely coincide with our Haddington Correspondent, in his remarks upon Mr John Stewart's theory of sound, which appears too unscientific to require any refutation. We shall be glad to receive another communication from Old Meldrum, by the Author of the " Sketches of Rural Life."-An answer to "Pro

teus" next Saturday." Evangelicus" is inadmissible.

"

Singular lucubration about Giants" appears to us unintelligible in "The Contents of my own Pocket" are still sub judicio.-The its present detached state. The "Song" by "N." and " My First Fit," by " Rory M'Donald," will not suit us.

ERRATUM IN OUR LAST.-In the Review of the Life of Hernan

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EDINBURGH LITERARY JOURNAL;

No. 62.

THE

WEEKLY REGISTER OF CRITICISM AND BELLES LETTRES.

PRICE 6d.

of the early nonconformists, and was regarded as one of the firmest defenders of their cause. Doddridge, as a practical divine, is esteemed in more churches than his

sect.

tions on the Times I have lived in (1671-1731.) By Edmund Calamy, D.D. Edited and Illustrated with Notes, Historical and Biographical, by John Towill Rutt. In two vols. 8vo. Pp. 508, 561. London. Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. 1829. The Correspondence and Diary of Philip Doddridge, D.D., illustrative of various Particulars in his Life hitherto unknown; with Notices of many of his Contemporaries, and a Sketch of the Times in which he lived. Edited from the original MSS. by his great-grandson, John Doddridge Humphreys, Esq. Vols. I. and II. 8vo. Pp. 488, 520. London. Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley.

1829.

An Historical Account of my Own Life, with some Reflec-own, and did much in his day, as an active and successful teacher, to support the intellectual character of his The auto-biography of the former is, perhaps, the least interesting of his writings-it is only valuable as a supplement to them, and as containing the gleanings of the full harvest which they had reaped. Doddridge's relics (to judge by what has been already published) are more important. They trace for us a faithful picture of the man from his juvenile years till the time when he rested from his labours'; and we confess, for our own part, that the divine's lessons of self-control are no way weakened by learning that he only exhorts us to a labour which he had already achieved in his own person. He was one of those who needed not to fear the exposure of his innermost secrets to all. Without first-rate talents, he was shrewd and sagacious. His temper was cheerful, his desires well regulated. Not exactly witty, his playful manner charms almost as much as if he were. His devotional spirit is deep, but free from all extravagance. His warmness of heart heightens all the more pleasing features of his character. Yet the book which presents us a character like this, in all the confidence of domestic intercourse, has afforded the great majority of our contemporaries food for nothing but a few fool-born jests! Under the name of Dissenters from the English church, was comprehended at the time of the Revolution almost every shade and variety of opinion; but the most numerous and respectable sects were the Presbyterians, the Independents, and the Anti-pædobaptists. These three presented a joint address to Queen Anne, on her accession, and have ever since continued to hold together. Under these denominations, also, although perhaps not strictly belonging to any of them, were comprehended the Non-conformists the survivors and descendants of those who had been extruded from their churches by the Act of Uniformity. As we are not at present entering upon a history of the sects, this brief account must serve to point out the class of men, to the arrangements of education among whom we wish to direct our readers' attention.

OR,

LITERARY CRITICISM.

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SATURDAY, JANUARY 16, 1830. 1

THE exclusively theological character of the English Universities, and the manner in which their doors are sealed against all who are not members of the Established Church, have caused a violent and unnatural separation between their history, and that of the progress of general science in the country. In other lands, government seeks to compensate to the people their want of political freedom, by extending the benefits of scientific education to all who seek it--by conferring privileges upon the learned, and thus creating a class of freemen into which all may be received. In England, on the contrary, in that country where alone, in the old world, personal freedom and the institutions of government are so firmly grounded, and so justly balanced, that each feels strengthened by the power of its rival,—the public foundations for the higher branches of knowledge are jealously circumscribed, both in what regards the subject-matter of what is taught, and the persons to whom it is communicated. Even the pale dastards of Austria, who tremble before the most trivial speculation on politics, can play with the lightning of science unharmed, as the Indian juggler with the fangless snake, while our dignitaries of church and state stand dazzled and abashed in its presence. We are aristocrats and loyalists, but we cannot for the life of us see why this should be any hinderance to our wish for the admission of every Briton into the Universities of the land. For a considerable time after the passing of the Act of We cannot see any danger threatening either church or Uniformity, a good many of the young dissenters were state, although every denizen of England, let him belong accustomed to pass a few years at Oxford, conversing to what sect he will, were allowed to cultivate to the ut- with the members of the University, and making use of most every faculty by which he may one day serve or or- the libraries. Some of them studied at the Dutch Uninament his native country. But it is not upon this im-versities. Others, as the Scotch Universities became betportant question that we are now about to enter. We ter known, were sent there for their education. Still, as advert to the lamentable and absurd fact, that one might it was but a small proportion of the great body of discompose a history of England's achievements in science, senters who could avail themselves of these opportunities, wherein the names of her two Universities would scarcely it was necessary that they should have among themselves appear, simply as an apology for recommending to our some provision for the education of their youth. The readers, as an interesting branch of literary history, the method adopted was the establishment of private acadestate of education among the dissenters during the eigh-mies, chiefly at the risk of the individuals undertaking teenth century. them, but patronised and supported, according to their respectability and efficiency, by the more influential dissenters. The reader will find notices of these establishments in Wilson's Memoirs of De Foe, and in the two

Both of the men whose Memoirs have suggested these reflections, occupied an eminent station in the dissenting communion. Calamy was the historian of the sufferings

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works whose names stand at the head of this article. The professes his sentiments. It is therefore entitled to our Act of Uniformity had thrown into the ranks of dissent approbation as critics; and we are not sitting in judgment many of the most learned clergymen of the church! An as politicians, bas de toda bi to d occasional student from Leyden or Utrecht served to keep t Mr Forsyth is a strenuous, laudator temporis acti; he up a succession of such men. Their plan of tuition was is opposed to almost all the principles which at present to receive young men (those destined for secular profes-regulate our political relations, both internal and external. sions, as well as aspirants to the ministry) into their He is hostile toodarestiadehe denounces the resumphouses, where they remained for four or five years, until tion of cash payments, under Mr Peel's bill, as unseasonthey had gone through a regular course of study. This able and pernidious Not content with merely controincluded mathematics, and a smattering of physical sclerice werting the opinion now so common, that there ought to -logic, moral philosophy, and natural theology the berbusary laws, he argues that a farther reduction of classical and Hebrew languages and divinity in all its the legal rate of interest is called for by the situation of branches. The pair of study deemed necessary wis liberal the countryed His short observations on the subject of and compréhensive. The system of tuition Haa, how--indoneathx19 which he characterises as a barbarous and skilful mode of taxation," are particularly worthy ofnotices He contends that all improvements, such as roads, bridges, harbonds, machinery and improvement of

ever, two radical defects. In the first place, there was but one teacher, who was to conduct the young men through every branch of learning. This required that he should a

SYG1

259

which of wealth's that the necessarily infers no great profundity in any. The binebine tweffects equally that portion of the national inscholars, therefore, did not learn from one, who was an way come which would be saved, and that which would be adept, but from one who repeated on trust what adepts had spent, and thus discourages the accumulation of capital. told him. There was a want of vitality in the scientific In

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But to this Te an ex what analogous to what we find in effeteb and worisont mitted in the case of absentees, whose incomes, he th nations, surviving all intellectual activity bum traditional enumeration oftimere Inthe second place, the students did not study for the sake of knowledged, for the sake of cultivating their own minds but merely for the sake of acquiring such a superficial degree of information as was requisite, before they could assume their station in society, or be admitted into the clerical profession. learned like schoolboys; not diked) memo They laboured at task work, instead of pursuing from their own internal impulses, knowledge with a generous love..The dissenting academies have spread and kept alive andim glimmering of learning, which has occasionally given the first impulses to some more happily donstituted minds, but they have never produced altruly great mam not this a state of things which dalls loudly for amendment? To samites 1999 8 quibronts drottitw plot8799 919. gulob un Dis (197951 esitilida &quot bodeifqmoo26 1990, oved blood 7000

ought to be taxed.
08-VSET
Mr
upon the subject of Popery that
it
has put forth in his strength. It was stated in Parlia-
ment, thit, with a very few exceptions, the Faculty of
Advocates had signed the petition from the Bamburgh
Pro Catholfes, while only two or three signatures from
that Tenthed appeared at the opposite
Of
that stuitber, as was known at the thine, and as is
now avowed by himself, was the hathe of Mr Forsyth.
But MP Forsyth's strong and self-relying mind was not
to be shaken by the absence of support. He has, in his
Political Fragments," given the grounds of that vote,
with a decision of sentiment which shows his opinion to
Have been confirmed by the adversity of His party.

3

Political Fragments. By Robert Forsyth, EsAdyo cate, Edinburgh William Blackwood, 1839. P 1589.BR

It may be thought that a discussion of the Catholic Question was never more out of place than at present. The matter is settled beyond the possibility of retractation; and sa titeresting enquity, how may we best comWe must now wait until we can judge of it by its fruits. por Pomserver amor the change or circumstatices ? On this legitimate and important subject, MY Forsyth's 6binterval servations are highly forblend dette Thto such an

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more than twenty years, once more setting einenquiry the propriety of what was habe done, will, no rest. This period has elapsed since Mr Forsyth wrote doubt, inevitably dbtrude itself, but even on this much his voluminous and highly esteemed "Beauties of Spot-hackneyed theme, Mr Forseth's cubrations will be found land, and his Practical Treatise on Agriculture, theffteresting, from their originality, earning and spirit. great which was hot found to be affected by the PASH specimen of Mr Forsyth? style, we present our theoretical acquaintance with his subject.readers with the following paste. Speaking of those He is also known as the author of a work upon Moral who have taken the Protestant of the question, he successful pleader at the Bar Science, and as a the few who have made fortunes by that profession, in To many it Scotland.

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352

Spirit of evil has bestirred itself in their times Danger to The present performance is well worthy of Mr For-religion and liberty is one of the forms in which the Divine syth's reputation. It is clear, vigorous, and fearless; and bounty scatters blessings among thousands. How many were passing through life with lukewarm indifference to in its style we occasionally meet with an ness, which, within moderate bounds, gan all be qualit character and very nterest, whose minds have been roused, and made to burn within them, when they learned spirit. Not that we recommend quaintness, or any other that the serpent which their fathers had trodden down still aberration from classic purity of diction; but, in the pre-lived, that its deadly wound was healed that while insent age, when the classic style is by so many considered troducing famine into every cottage it had glided into high insipid, and when bombast in a thousand forms insults places, had broken down the chiatriers of religion and lithe understandings terseness and brevity may be excused,berty and lifting its head was overlooking the land as These events try, and, in trying, they even when they occasionally border on quaintressed once more, its preyi the rits of whether in the Without entering upon the question of the correctness cottage of the palace the city or or the held of high or low of Mr Forsyth's political opinions, province scarcely state, whom leaven has chosen, to resist or to reproach a included within the flowery limits of our literary demesnes, guilty people, to become the vessels in whom the sacred fire and which we gladly leave to more appropriate superin-is to be preserved What would even the Earl of Eldon himtendence, we think it most desirable, that, in contested self havesheen, but for the present timeofitrial? No doubt an questions, the highest ability should be brought to either hable, laborious and successful lawyer and judge; but still side of the discussion. Mr Forsyth has advocated hisere tradesman who had spent a life of toil amidst the own opinions most ably; and a tem of law. Enemies he had, and errors and wrongs from doubt, be very acceptable to that party in the state which human weakness, like others, he had committed. But there

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the various geographical details are here combined, in the mode of marking the various routes and stations, and in discriminating ancient and modern names-for, in the

came a day of grace and of high acceptance, when he was
called to loftier duties; enabled to stand forth to his coun-
try, and to after times, as a champion of Protestantism-a
cause which could ennoble the meanest and honour the high-chief maps, both are properly, introduced. ̧_)`

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I'p. 280,

All who joined him will hereafter look back to that as to them a proud period, whatever it may prove to their country and to futare times. Let them persevere, and be assured, that bere and hereafter their labour will not be in vain."-Pp. 181, 2495) 71/ xist In 4 kg d. 80 In Mr Forsyth's opinion, the world is in a revolutionary state." He dreads the progress of superstition and oppression, promoted by the advance of Catholicism in Spain, Portugal, Italy, France, onay evens in Britain herself; although he doubts not that, at whatever expense, and after what struggles and sacrifices soever, Protestantism and liberty must triumph in sour own; country. Events will pass onward, and the truth of error of these predictions will appear To us belongs the gentler and happier task of watching, and fostering, and dissemina-Weeds a and Wildflowers. By the late Alexander Balfour, ting, those peaceful and elegant arts which adorn civilized pr to author of Campbell, or the Scottish Probationer," &c. I'S và to buy 90 &c. With a Memoir of the Author. Edinburgh. OBN and bur Mesq Daniel Lizars, 1830. whi 917 Saj ni zine.T 10 30 Bertep out History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. By MATHESE are the last relics of an amiable, honourable, and Edward Gibbon, Esq. Vols. I.-V." Illustrated with well-informed man. Mr Balfour was born in Forfarshire a series of Maps, designed for the work. Edinburgh. in 1767, and died in Edinburgh on the 12th of SeptemJohn Thomson. 1829-30. ber, 1829.0 No events of a very striking nature distingod to grandi aut constijula THE present can be considered in the light neither of a guished his career. For the misfortunes incident to a periodical publication, nor of a finished series, and only mercantiles life, he sought and found consolation in the as an original work, in regard to its valuable illustrations; pursuits of literatures Though not exactly eminent, he yet as we hold in our view all meritorious attempts, of was always respectable casya/writeryland-his name was the Scottish press particularly, we think it right thus well known beyond the immediate circle of his own acearly to call public attention and approbation to this spi-quaintances Qué or two of his novels are favourites with rited and praiseworthy endeavour to give a complete edithe reading public and his poetry, without being partition of the above standard work. Seven, yolumes of the cularly distinguished for its brilliancy or vigour, possesses proposed twelve are now published, an eighth being nearly many quiet and unobtrusive meritsim His "Characters ready, which is at the rate of six volumes a-year, Asbmitted in Crabbe's Parish Register would have done far as it has now proceeded, we can have no hesitation, in no discredit to the ffcRegister itself. The memoir presaying, that the present is the most perfect edition of the fixed to the present volume, and which, we are told, is “Decline and Fall" which has yet appeared. It is a from the pencofyMroD.M. Moir, is judiciously and temsingular fact, singular, because, the defect, though from perately written, affording a correct estimate of Mr Balthe first acknowledged, was not before attempted fully to four's abilities and character, and thus doing more for his be remedied, and of which many of our readers may not be aware, that of the numerous editions of this most popular naty than could have been accomplished by the grossflattery. The biographer b062 sentiments ty of which we

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of British historians, even the original quartos and octavos, the following passage, in thms up his narrative with

As respects the literary merits of the undertaking, great pains have been taken in correcting the innumerable errors in the references and quotations, with which late editions are so generally deformed. To assure the purchaser of elegance and accuracy of typography, not to be surpassed at this moment in the British empire, we have only to inform him, that, the volumes are from the press of our own printer, Mr Ballantyne, Each volume, too, is strongly bound in green cloth, with gilt, back-titles; so that, from the shelves of the bookseller, the work may at once be transferred as a useful and not unornamental addition to any library. 16 forinpereidt guimos la réser

di dobro of er 0177

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published during the lifetime, and, in some measure, heartily agree:
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under the inspection, of the author, not one, was completed
in all its necessary apparatus, one, in a very slight
degree studious of history, knows the importance of ac-
curate geographical accompaniments in particular, Toa
the necessity of such appendages, no one could be more
alive than the illustrious author himself, and we learn,
from his published correspondence, that, he had engaged
the celebrated D'Anville to construct, an atlas, purposely
for his history. The task was undertaken, aud, if ac-
complished, would have precluded all subsequent attempts;
but the geographer died before it was commenced, and Mr
Gibbon was obliged to supply the deficiency from resources
at hand, seemingly little to his private satisfaction. Suc-
ceeding publishers have only repeated what was from the
beginning thus imperfect. The edition which we now
review, with the superior advantages of extended know-
ledge and improved workmanship, has taken up the idea
of the original author, fulfilling his intention in a manner
which, we have no doubt, would have satisfied even his
anxiety and intelligence. The mips are numerous, and
exceedingly well selected, embracing both classical and
middle-age geography. Infinitely superior in point of
execution to those of Cellurius and Cluverius, these charts
are equal, in correctness and fulness of detail, to those of
D'Anville himself, while they surpass his best works,
now so scarce, in beauty. The principal proprietor, and,
we believe, original projector, of the edition, is already
well known to the public as having paid especial attention
to geographical publication; and the careful examinator
will find much to praise in the practical skill with which

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Havius given an outline of the life of the late che farter ander Balfour, the may glean his general character from it, without much difficulty. If, as Seneca observes, good man struggling with adversity be a sight worthy the admiration of superior intelligences, the latter years of Mr. Balfour afford a noble moral lesson. From the time that palsy deprived our author of his locomotive powers, crippled bis handwriting, and nearly deprived him of speech, he composed four volumes of poetry, of which two were of which thirteen published sixteen volumes of prose, were published; besides pieces in a variety of periodicals, which would fill a nearly equal number. Let it be recollected, that before this unfortunate son of genius coinmenced in earnest his literary career, the heyday of life was past, and his spirit damped, not only by the sudden overcasting of his worldly hopes, but by the pressure of adversity. A mind constituted like his is keenly alive to joy, and consequently, equally alive to the sorrows which chequer existence,and of the latter he had his share. When, added to his being shut out from the ever-varying aspects of that fair creation, which for hith had so many charms, we find long years of {adverse fortune, with the innumerable eviis directly or indirectly following in its train, and yet that he bore up with cheerful hope and pious resignation, unweariedly exerting the faculties, which were left him, we may be able to form some idea of the noble strength of his character. Instead of becoming sullen, morose, and envious of the felicity of which he could be only a spectator, his countenance bore a perpetual smile, and the benignity of his heart continued to divulge itself in the lenient judgments he passed upon men and their actions. He entered cordially into the society of the young and happy; and never lost his relish for innocent amusements.

"Little else remains to be noticed of a life, which, al

WE neither know nor care any thing about the Hon. William Long Wellesley. He may be as black as his adversaries represent him, or as innocent as he declares himself to be. The present pamphlet, and indeed his whole conduct during the painful proceedings in the great case Wellesley versus Beaufort, prove him to be no very wise man but that is no business of ours. There is, how. ever, a principle involved in these discussions, which deeply interests every one who is, or may one day become, a father-every one who regards the inalienable rights of humanity-every one who takes pride in the moral character of his country: and but for this circumstance, we should not have soiled our paper with the most distant allusion to a case in which it seems to have been the great object on both sides publicly to bespatter each other.

courts; or inflict pain and suffering on their persons be yond what is justifiable under the plea of necessary correction-in which case he becomes amenable to the criminal courts. And this is rightly ordered, both in respect to the moral character of the parent, and to the moral training and happiness of the child. It is rightly ordered in respect to the moral character of the parent, for only the man who acts from the free impulses of his own heart, and under the control of his own reason and moral sense, is virtuous. The freeman may act wrong, but the slave cannot act right. That outward show of correctness, which may be produced by the rigid enforcement of legal enactments, is not virtue-it is but the soulless motion of an automaton. Any attempt, therefore, on the part of the state, to control the actions of its citizens, to conform them to an outward etiquette, further than is necessary moralising to the national character. Laws, which would for preserving the peace of society, is degrading and deprescribe to a man that he must hold such opinions, and act in such a manner, (not only in public, but within the walls of his own household,) may make him a more accomplished hypocrite, but never a better man. But we go further, and maintain that, even with regard to the of the state is inexpedient. The severest blow that can happiness and moral training of the child, the interference be inflicted upon a child's morale, is separating him from the family circle, or diminishing, by the intrusion of a third party, the warm-hearted confidence with which he clings to his parent. There is a time of life when the mind emancipates itself by a spontaneous effort, and seeks to form its judgments independent of the authority on which it previously relied. But every thing that forestalls this period, and forces the child to judge between those to whom nature has attached him, and an abstract standard of right, before his faculties are sufficiently developed, deadens the affections, without enlightening the mind. It is a like perilous operation in the moral world, to the untimely extraction of the fruit from the parent in the physical. No artificial fostering can compensate the chilling of the vital heat, which is its natural consequence. We would even go so far as to say, that no example, howThis is now the second time that the Court of Chan- ever immoral, and no principles, however dangerous, could cery has seen fit to arrogate to itself the right to interfere be half so detrimental to an ingenuous child, as a blow so between a father and his children; and, under the pre- stunning to all his natural feelings. But we are not text that the former was, from his moral and religious obliged to rest upon such an extreme argument. The law opinions or conduct, unfit to have the charge of the latter, can only speak in general terms; its special application to withdraw them from his superintending care. We must always remain with the judge. The law can only dewish to enquire, whether, in this intrusion into the sacred clare, that a parent of gross immorality, or pernicious privacy of domestic life, Chancery be borne out either by opinions, shall not be intrusted with the education of his the principles of abstract justice or the law of England. children; and it must be left to the conscience and inIn the first place, we would enquire how far such an telligence of one irresponsible man, to decide on the deinterference is justifiable on the principles of abstract jus-gree of immorality or error which deprives a man of his tice. Courts of law are either civil or criminal. The dearest and proudest privilege. In determining for the former are entitled to pronounce what is law in questions | adoption or rejection of a law, we must often be guided of disputed property, and to enforce, by the aid of the ex- by merely comparative preference. In this case, thereecutive power, obedience to their decisions. The latter fore, even though we should admit the possibility of such are entitled to pronounce the sentence of the law upon depravity in a father as would render the interference of those gross outrages against the peace and well-being of a judge expedient, (a possibility which the advances of society, from the perpetration of which it has been deem- the age in every sort of mental culture is rendering every ed expedient to deter men by the infliction of punishment; day less probable,) still the danger accruing from the reand to insist that their decrees shall be carried into exe- posing such a fearful power in the hands of one man must cution. The authority of neither the one nor the other | decide us against it." extends beyond these limits. They have no right to watch over our speculative opinions, to intrude into our household arrangements, nor even to interfere with our moral conduct, however questionable, as long as we do nothing contrary to the express laws of the land. By the constitution of the country, every man is entitled to hold his speculative opinions, in morals or religion, unchallenged, provided he does not publicly attack the established church. By the same constitution, he is entitled to manage his household affairs, and educate his children, as he thinks best, as long as he does not waste or alienate such property as they may have acquired independently of him--in which case he becomes amenable to the civil

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though sufficiently eventful to its possessor, and those connected with him by the closest and tenderest of human ties, had little to recommend it to the attention of readers who

delight in enterprise and bustle. It is more to be regarded as a history of mind,—of a mind, unsubdued by the wreck of a bodily frame, and almost heroically persevering in its daily exercise. Let it also be remembered, that that exer cise was always in defence of virtue, and that he disdained to pander to the taste of the vicious. To his grave, Mr Balfour carried the admiration of many the respect of all who knew him; and of his writings, it may be attirined, with equal truth as of those of Thomson, that be left no line, which, dying, he could wish to blot.""-P. 88-94,

As to the contents of the volume before us, they are such as will not disgrace the author or his friends. Several of the prose Tales and Sketches possess much interest; and the Poetry, which is miscellaneous and diver sified, is more than respectable. We are inclined to consider the address "To a Canary-Bird, escaped from its Cage," which originally appeared in the Literary Journal, as among the best poetical pieces. The work is handsomely printed, and has our best wishes for its success.

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A View of the Court of Chancery. By the Hon. Wil liam Long Wellesley. 8vo. Pp. 84. London. James Ridgway. 1830.

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But we likewise proposed to enquire, whether the law of England recognised any such power of interference in the Chancellor. On this question, of course, we do not feel ourselves so free to speak as on the other. "It is a question of a difficult and complex system of law, to which we are in a great measure strangers. Still we would venture to say, after careful enquiry, and with all diffidence, that it does not appear to us that the Chancellor, or any English judge, has a right to remove children from the care and education of their parent, on any other plea than that of their being exposed to personal violence. Lord Eldon claimed a right to interfere in the case of Wellesley against Beaufort, on the ground that the Chan

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