« 上一頁繼續 »
doubt that their disgust had been greater than their good In the Introduction to “ Marmion," we are infortheil s nature chose to express. Looking upon them, therefore, as
that it was composed at Ashiesteel, on the banks of the a failure, I threw the manuscript into the fire, and thought Tweed. “ The period of its composition," says Sir as little more as I could of the matter. wards I met one of my two counsellors, who enquired, with Walter, “ was a very happy one in my life; so much considerable appearance of interest, about the progress of that I remember with pleasure, at this moment, some of the romance I had commenced, and was greatly surprised the spots in which particular passages were composed." at learning its fate. He confessed that neither he nor our The author received for this poem the sum of L. 1010, mutual friend had been at first able to give a precise opi- and its sule having exceeded expectation, his liberal pak. mion on a poem so much out of the common road, but that lishers afterwards made him a present of a hogshead of as they walked home together to the city, they had talked excellent claret. Between 1805 and 1825, thirty-six much on the subject, and the result was an earnest desire that I would proceed with the composition. He also add thousand copies were disposed of. Sir Walter's thini
, ed, that some sort of prologue might be necessary, to place and probably his best poem, was “ The Lady of the the mind of the hearers in the situation to understand and Lake.” The Introduction to it is exceedingly interest enjoy the poem, and recommended the adoption of such ing : quaint mottoes as Spenser has used to announce the contents of the chapters of the Faery Queen, such as,
INTRODUCTION TO THE LADY OF THE LAKE. • Babe's bloody hands may not be cleansed,
“ After the success of Marmion,' I felt inclined to erThe face of golden Mean.
claim, with Ulysses in the Odyssey, 'Her sisters, two Extremities,
« ούτος μέν δη αυθλος αάατος εκτετέλιστει. Her strive to banish clean.'
Νυν αυτε σκοπον άλλον.' I entirely agreed with my friendly critic in the necessity of having some sort of pitch-pipe, which might make readers
Odys. x. 1. 5. aware of the object, or rather the tone, of the publication. • One venturous game my hand has won to-dasBut I doubted whether, in assuming the oracular style of Another, galants, yet remains to play.' Spenser's mottoes, the interpreter might not be censured as the harder to be understood of the two. I therefore intro
“ The ancient manners, the habits and customs of the duced the old minstrel, as an appropriate prolocutor, by aboriginal race by whom the Highlands of Scotland were whom the lay might be sung or spoken, and the introduc inhabited, had always appeared to me peculiarly adapted to tion of whom betwixt the cantos, might remind the reader poetry. The change in their manners, too, had taken place at intervals of the time, place, and circumstances of the almost within my own time, or at least I had learned mang recitation. This species of cadre, or frame, afterwards af particulars concerning the ancient state of the Highlanás forded the poem its name of The Lay of the Last Min- from the old men of the last generation. I had always strel.'
thought the old Scottish Gael highly adapted for pretia “ The work was subsequently shown to other friends du- composition. The feuds, and political dissensions, which, ring its progress, and received the imprimatur of Mr Fran- half
a century earlier, would have rendered the richer an cis Jeffrey, who had been for some time distinguished by wealthier part of the kingdom indisposed to countenance a his critical talent.
poem, the scene of which was laid in the Highlands
, were “ The poem, being once licensed by the critics as fit for the
now sunk in the generous compassion which the English, market, was soon tinished, proceeding at about the rate of a
more than any other nation, feel for the misfortunes of an canto per week. There was, indeed, little occasion for honourable foe. The Poems of Ossian had, by their papapause or hesitation, when a troublesome rhyme might be larity, sufficiently shown, that if writings on Highland sub> accommodated by an alteration of the stanza, or where an jects were qualified to interest the reader, mere national incorrect measure might be remedied by a variation in the prejudices were, in the present day, very unlikely to inter. 1 rhyme. It was finally published in 1805, and may be re
fere with their success. garded as the first work in which the writer, who has been
“ I had also read a great deal, and heard more, concentsince so voluminous, laid his claim to be considered as an ing that romantic country, where I was in the habit el original author.
spending some time every autumn; and the scenery of Loch * The book was published by Longman and Companyfriend and merry expedition of former days. This Porn,
Katrine was connected with the recollection of many a dear and Archibald Constable and Company. The principal of the latter firm was then commencing that course of bold the action of which lay among scenes so beautiful
, and and liberal industry which was of so much advantage to his deeply imprinted on my recollections, was a labour of love, country, and might have been so to himself, but for causes
and it was no less so to recall the manners and incidents which it is needless to enter into here. The work, brought introduced. The frequent custom of James IV., and par. out on the usual terms of division of profits between the ticularly of James V., to walk through their kingdom in author and publisher, was not long after purchased by them disguise, afforded me the hint of an incident, which never for L.500, to which Messrs Longman and Company after fails to be interesting, if managed with the slightest address wards added L.100, in their own unsolicited kindness, in
or dexterity. consequence of the uncommon success of the work. It was
“ I may now confess, however, that the employment, handsomely given to supply the loss of a fine horse, which though attended with great pleasure, was not without its broke down suddenly while the author was riding with one lated, and with whom I lived, during her whole life, on the
A lady, to whom I was nearly reof the worthy publishers.
" It would be great affectation not to own frankly, that nost brotherly terms of affection, was residing with me a the author expected some success from The Lay of the the time when the work was in progress, and used to ask Last Minstrel.'. The attempt to return to a more simple ne, what I could possibly do to rise so early in the mersand natural style of poetry was likely to be welcomed, at a ing, (that happening to be the most convenient time to me time when the public had become tired of heroic hexame for composition.) At last I told her the subject of my meeters, with all the buckram and binding which belong to ditations, and I can never forget the anxiety and affection them of later days. But whatever might have been his expressed in her reply. Do not be so rash,' she said, 'my expectations, whether moderate or unreasonable, the result dearest cousin. You are already popular-more so, perhaps left them far behind, for among those who smiled on the than you yourself will believe, or than even 1, or other adventurous Minstrel, were numbered the great names of partial friends, can fairly allow to your merit. You stand William Pitt and Charles Fox. Neither was the extent high-do not rashly attempt to climb higher, and incur the of the sale inferior to the character of the judges who re
risk of a fall; for, depend upon it, a favourite will not be ceived the poem with approbation. Upwards of thirty permitted even to stumble with impunity'. I replied to thousand copies of the Lay were disposed of by the trade; this affectionate expostulation in the words of Montrose : and the author had to perform a task difficult to human • He either fears his fate too much, vanity, when called upon to make the necessary deductions
Or his deserts are small, from his own merits, in a calm attempt to account for his popularity.
Who dares not put it to the touch, * A few additional remarks on the author's literary at
To gain or lose it all.' tempts after this period, will be found in the Introduction to the Poein of Marmion.
"If I fail,' I said, for the dialogue is strong in mit “ Abbotsford, April 1830."
collection, it is a sign that I ought never to have sacred ed, and I will write prose for lite: you shall see no change
in my temper, nor will I eat a single meal the worse. But to increase it. But, as the celebrated John Wilkes is said if I succeed,
to have explained to his late Majesty, that he himself, amid
his full tide of popularity, was never a Wilkite, so I can, • Up with the bonnie blue bonnet,
with honest truth, exculpate myself from having been at The dirk, and the feather, and a'!'
any time a partisan of my own poetry, even when it was in
the highest fashion with the million. It must not be “ Afterwards I showed my affectionate and anxious critic posed that I was either so ungrateful, or so superabundant
supthe first canto of the Poem, which reconciled her to my im- ly candid, as to despise or scorn the value of those whose prudence. Nevertheless, although I answered thus confi- voice had elevated me so much higher than my own opinioni fently, with the obstinacy often said to be proper to those told me I deserved. I felt, on the contrary, the more gratewho bear my surname, I acknowledge that my confidence ful to the public, as receiving that from partiality to me, was considerably shaken by the warning of her excellent which I could not have claimed from merit; and I endeaaste and unbiassed friendship. Nor was I much comfort- voured to deserve the partiality, by continuing such exertions d by her retractation of the unfavourable judgment, when as I was capable of for their amusement. [ recollected how likely a natural partiality was to effect
“ It may be that I did not, in this continued course of hat change of opinion. In such cases, affection rises like scribbling, consult either the interest of the public, or my i light on the canvass, improves any favourable tints which
But the former had effectual means of defending t formerly exhibited, and throws its defects into the shade. " I remember that about the same time a friend started any approach to intrusion; and for myself, I had now for
themselves, and could, by their coldness, sufficiently check in to'heeze up my hope,' like the minstrel in the old song. He was bred a farmer, but a man of powerful understand bour, that I should have felt difficulty in employing myself
several years dedicated my hours so much to literary laing, natural good taste, and warm poetical feeling, perfectly otherwise ; and so, like Dogberry, I generously bestowed ompetent to supply the wants of an imperfect or irregular all my tediousness on the public, comforting myself with. education. He was a passionate admirer of field sports, the reflection, that if posterity should think me undeserving which we often pursued together.
of the favour with which I was regarded by my contem“ As this friend happened to dine with me at Ashiesteel poraries, they could not say but what I had the crown,' one day, I took the opportunity of reading to him the first and bad enjoyed for a time that popularity which is so much canto of. The Lady of the Lake,' in order to ascertain the coveted. effect the poem was likely to produce upon a person who was “ I conceived, however, that I held the distinguished situabut too favourable a representative of readers at large. It tion I had obtained, however unworthily, rather like the is, of course, to be supposed, that I determined rather to champion of pugilism, on the condition of being always guide my opinion by what my friend might appear to feel, ready to show proofs of my skill, than in tho manner of the than by what he might think fit to say. His reception of champion of chivalry, who performs his duties only on rare my recitation, or prelection, was rather singular. He placed and solemn occasions. I was in any case conscious that I his hand across his brow, and listened with great attention could not long hold a situation which the caprice, rather through the whole account of the stag-hunt, till the dogs than the judginent, of the public had bestowed upon me, and threw themselves into the lake to follow their master, who preferred being deprived of my precedence by some more embarks with Ellen Douglas. He then started up with a
worthy rival, to sinking into contempt for my indolence, sudden exclamation, struck his hand on the table, and declared, in a voice of censure calculated for the occasion, that and losing my reputation by what Scottish lawyers call the the dogs must have been totally ruined by being permitted look at the Introduction to Rokeby in the present edition,
negalive prescription. Accordingly, those who choose to. to take the water after such a severe chase. I own I was
will be able to trace the steps by which I declined as a poet much encouraged by the species of reverie which had
pos to figure as a novelist; as the ballad says, Queen Eleanor sessed so zealous a follower of the sports of the ancient Nim
sunk at Charing Cross to rise again at Queenhithe. rod, who had been completely surprised out of all doubts of
“ It only remains for me to say, that, during my short the reality of the tale. Another of his remarks gave me less pleasure. He detected the identity of the King with of moderation which I had resolved to follow before I be
pre-eminence of popularity, I faithfully observed the rules the wandering knight, Fitz-James, when he winds his bu- gan my course as a man of letters. If a man is determined gle to summon his attendants. He was probably thinking to make a noise in the world, he is as sure to encounter abuse of the lively, but somewhat licentious, old ballad, in which
and ridicule, as he who gallops furiously through a villago the denouement of a royal intrigue takes place as follows:
must reckon ou being followed by the curs in full cry: Ex• He took a bugle frae his side,
perienced persons know, that in stretching to flog the latter,
the rider is very apt to catch a bad fall; nor is an attempt He blew both loud and shrill,
to chastise a malignant critic attended with less danger to And four-and-twenty belted knights Came skipping ower the hill;
the author. On this principle, I let parody, burlesque, and
squibs, tind their own level; and while the latter hissed most Then he took out a little knife,
fiercely, I was cautious never to catch them up, as schoolboys Let all his daddies fa', And he was the brawest gentleman
do, to throw them back against the naughty boy who fired That was amang them a'.
them off, wisely remembering, that they are, in such cases, And we'll go no more a-roving,' &c.
apt to explode in the handling. Let me add, that my reign
(since Byron has so called it) was marked by some instances. This discovery, as Mr Pepys says of the rent in his of good-nature as well as patience. I never refused a literary camlet cloak, was but a trifle, yet it troubled me; and I was
person of merit such services in smoothing his way to the at a good deal of pains to efface any marks by which I thought public as were in my power; and I had the advantage, ra
ther an uncommon one with our irritable race, to enjoy gemy secret could be traced before the conclusion, when I relied on it with the same hope of producing effect, with which
neral favour, without incurring permanent ill-will, so far the Irish post-boy is said to reserve a “trot for the avenue.'
as is known to me, among any of my contemporaries. " I took uncommon pains to verify the accuracy of the
“ Abbotsford, April 1830." local cireuinstances of this story. I recollect, in particular, “ Rokeby" appeared in 1813, three years after “ The that to ascertain whether I was telling a probable tale, I | Lady of the Lake ;” and in the Introduction the author went into Perthshire, to see whether King James could actually have ridden from the banks of Loch Vennachar to explains, very satisfactorily, why its success was muel Stirling Castle within the time supposed in the poem, and interior. “ The Lord of the Isles" may be considered had the pleasure to satisfy myself that it was quite practi- the last of Sir Walter's poetical Romances; for though
the “ Bridal of Triermain" and “ Harold the Daunt“After a considerable delay, • The Lady of the Lake' ap- less” succeeded it, they were published anonymously, and peared in June 1810; and its success was certainly so ex the author's attention now began to be directed princiraordinary as to induce me for the moment to conclude that
had at last tixed a nail in the proverbially inconstant wheel pally to “ Waverley," and the illustrious train of prose of Fortune, whose stability in behalf of an individual who compositions that followed in its wake. al so boldly courted her favours for three successive times We may mention in conclusion, that this valuable edi kad not as yet been shaken. I had attained, perhaps, that tion of Sir Walter's Poetical Works is to be dedicated begree of public reputation at which prudence, or certainly to the Duke of Buccleuch. imidity, would have made a halt, and discontinued efforts w which I was für more likely to diminish my fame than
The Three Histories :- The History of an Enthusiast; ness; -- were there not materials here for torture, and dreaming
, The History of a Nonchalant ; The History of a Realist
, Julia rose from her couch, decked her person wișh jewels
But it was her soirée ; and, after three hours By Maria Jane Jewsbury. London. Westley and and festal attire, again locked up her heart, again commandDavis. 1830. 8vo. Pp. 322.
ed her thoughts to their own 'vasty deep,' again became We have read this book with much pleasure. Miss like him whose soul inhabited a statue, and, amidst muke
and flowers, friends and festivity (so called,) went gliding Jewsbury is a woman of a very superior mind, and there from group to group, the presiding and brilliant genius is in her compositions an excellent mixture of soundness' the whole,-siniling and exciting smiles, gay and the cause of judgment, warmth of feeling, and liveliness of fancy. of gaiety, never for a moment off her guard or mind. What we like least about this volume is its title-page. trayed. But a few more hours, and she was once again Had the authoress given to her tales the names simply of alone in her chamber, enjoying that ease of the wretched their respective heroes or hervines, she would not have liberty to unmask. Haggard and disrobeda Pythopes raised expectations in the reader which are scarcely ful- after the moment of inspiration-cold, collapsed, and still
the play of feature exchanged for rigidity—the full, varying, tilled. Julia Osborne, though a genius, is not more of an modulated voice dying iuto sighs and broken murmurs * Enthusiast,” nay scarcely so much, as most geniuses are; even the heart, that seemed to swell and burn sensibly, be po “ Nonchalant” is a French word, the meaning of which came heavy in its beating, and the breath, that came and is sufficiently vague; and “ Realist" is not an English went like tiame, subdued to suffocation-anguish exchanged word, nor has it any definite meaning at all. It would for hopelessness, desperate effort for despair ;-thus st have been better, therefore, to have avoided attaching Julia; not musing, not remembering, for her physical epithets to persons, by which, when we come to read strength was too entirely exhausted ; but perfectly penite their histories
, they are not, in fact, distinguished. This, and motionless, her whole being steeped in the waking sex however, is a minor error, and is amply compensated
The two other “ Histories" also evince talents of no by the intrinsic merits of the work. We are particuJarly pleased with the first tale, which contains many ard Winton are traced, with a fine perception of what is
mean kind, especially that in which the fortunes of Richbeautiful passages, and may be read with satisfaction even truly estimable in character and conduct. We wish we after the - Corinne” of Madame de Stael, and the“ Pour had more female writers with the heart and soul of His
et Contre” of Maturin, both of which highly-wrought Jewsbury; and, lacking them, we wish Miss Jewsbury compositions it recalls to our recollection. In the person herself would come more frequently before the public of Julia Osborne, it traces the career of a lovely and gifted woman, from childhood to maturity; and the lesson it seems to inculcate is, that the higher the genius, the Bos' Greek Ellipses, abridged and translated into English less likely is it that happiness will be within the reach
from Professor Schaefer's edition; with Notes. By of the possessor. The following paragraph describes the
the Rev. John Seager, B. A., &c. London. Printed heroine just emerging from her childhood, with all the
by Valpy. Sold by Longman and Co. Oetavo. Pp. powers of her mind and all the susceptibilities of her
249. heart gathering round her :
We confess that, rapacious and never-to-be-satiated de “ She had by this time outgrown her more childish ec vourers of Greek as we are, we have no great liking for "centricities, took care of her clothes, bade adieu to tree huge two-volumed quartos on Greek Ellipses and Idiomes; **
climbing, riding without a saddle, or tilling her bonnet with - blackberries,- iad even learnt to be civil to the little or thin, wire-drawn, ethereal, never-ending dissertations Prices,'—was become externally, to use Martin's phrase, on that precious vocable of questionable meaning—that he * more like other young ladies;' but the spirit that actuate pretty, petty bone of critical contention—the partide A her as a child was now in stronger and more concentrated, which, though consisting but of two letters, has reared if also in more silent operation. Her mind was athirst for upon itself such mountains of debate and discussion. We knowledge, and every thing that was offered in lieu, so far are indeed hapry in our own comfortable congratulation * from satisfying, disgusted. What the restless, questioning, of ourselves, that we are of that guileless primitive sort ef dreaming power witbin her was, that made her draw interences froin everything she beheld, that bade svunds and specta- people who think there is not any mystery in Ellipses
, cles, however trivial, "haunt her like a passion,'—that inade nor indeed in language at all; that the Greeks, Latinas
, nature a vague glory that she loved without comprehending, and Hebrew's were all plain, frankly-speaking, honest
, --that excited high but unutterabie longings after lovely, unsophistical people like our very selves; that neither in
but unimaginable, things; -- what the power within her was, their tenses, nor in their prepositions, nor in their cou· which, when she read of heroes and high deeds, clothed them structions, nor in their relative pronouns, is there any
with absolute vitality, so that the dead became the living, the deep and recondite inscrutability, unknown even to the piest a presence, and the simple knowledge that such things had really existed, a glory and a joy,—Julia knew not; but people that uttered them, and requiring all the metaphymaking every circunstance as it arose, every person that sical acumen of our modern grammatical mystagogues for crossed her path, assist the developement of that power, their interpretation. In short, we would rather land - she became, as by instinct, old in heart while young in the simplicity of interpretation of such ancient gramn
years. Her mind grasped at every thing, her imagination rians as Aulus Gellius, &c.; and would most diisi deadly was in a constant state of attrition; and vague, fancitul, presume to say with Mr Schaefer, enlarging however the and crude, as her conceptions unavoidably were,-chaotic as was the state of her intellectual being, there only wanted cal or fanciful followers, by imagining we know not what
compass of his words, that Bos and his other metaphys. the magician Time, or that more powerful magician, a master passion, to awake from the chaos a world of order Ellipses by conjuring up we know not what and how and beauty. Her mind was enveloped in twilight, but it many obscurities and difficulties, only to be conjured down was twilight before the dawn of a summer's day.” by their own big books and subtile argumentations have
The following is a passage of a different and more me- rather obstructed than cleared the way to the right wilancholy kind, taken frorn var the conclusion of the tale, derstanding of language. The young student, seeing bis when conquest and success, and all that the young and first initiatory step in a path which ought to be pleasant ardent spirit longs for, had lost their charms :
and plainuess itself, preceded and pestered by a host of “Julia retired to ber chamber, and there, in the deep gloom over-laboured and panting pioneers that can with diffen. of personal cousciousness, wept long and bitterly for the ty grub out a weary way for themselves—seeing before past. The fiery dream of enthusiastic yet faithful passion,the fancy-drawn portraiture of all she might have been,- rubbish heaped up instead of being levelled down—such :
him and around him such enormous mounds of literary the degrading sense of thraldom to artificial ta-ts and has immense sky-kissing scaffolding for the purpose of remo bits, the mournful impression of energies absorbed in ving straws and prickly bushes, and other scarce visibile claims, coupled with a cold abandonment to desulate lynelia at the very cutset with the appearance of difficulties there trifles, -vague feelings of duty, with uiter dislike of its stumbling-blocks--the poor student, we say, is terribed
THE SURF AT MADRAS.
formidable for his patience to encounter. The “mystery” well arranged book. It contains much useful informaseems to him to be impenetrable; the ancient languages, tion, compressed into a comparatively small space, and so dissimilar, as he deems, to the language he himself we can safely recommend it as an excellent introduction speaks, appear invested with an obscurity impervious to to the more extended study of Indian geography and his. all minds saving those that carry within themselves the tory. “ The real importance of India,” says the Prerequisite metaphysical lantern; he conceives that, when face, “the exalted opinion which those who have not Homer and Xenopbou, two of the plainest-speeched men looked into the particulars entertain of its wealth-the in the world, wrote and spoke," there must have been mistakes as to what that wealth consists in the great. giants in those days," and that only some big-boned, gi- extent of country under the dominion of the British—the gantic modern soul, one of twenty thousand, can overtake number of our countrymen that are bolding or expecting them—all this the poor student conceives, or is very apt situations there—the vast responsibility under which the to conceive-and begins to lose heart, and falters and Company have brought themselves, in the governing of despairs. We are sorry indeed that this is so much the so many persons, of whose characters they are ignorant, cise ; and we suspect that it is not a little owing to bulky and the consequent ignorance in which the Governors books upon Idioms, Ellipses, and Particles.
must be of the necessities and wants of the government We are glad even to express our suspicion that Mr the anomalous fact, that Britons are not allowed perma-' Seager, though he has chosen Bos’s voluminous book for nently to settle in a country, of which the government is the exercise of his excellent understanding, is but of the British--the enquiries that are already instituted, with same opinion with ourselves, and simpers in his sleeve at regard to the renewal of the Company's charter, and the the "great mystery.” He indeed declares, in one of his increasing interest which every thing connected with sensible notes, that, “ by sufficient reading, vigilant obser- | India will acquire, as the time of the actual debate on the vation, and careful induction, the signification of phrases renewal approaches,-all so far justify the publication of may certainly be discovered, independently of any means. a book, which will present the chief outlines of India in Assuredly; the same good sense, or skill in language, that a small compass.
The first volume is devoted chiefly to unriddled the enigmas of the Grecian Sphynx to Lam- geographical and topographical details; the second to an bert Bos or Peter Schoettgen, will undoubtedly perform historical and statistical account of the country.
We sea similar good office to any student of ordinary sagacity, lect, at random, one or two extracts, which may amuse procided he read on; and, till he read on, it is superfluous our readers, and give them an additional interest in the or absurd to perplex his mind with the cramp phrases work : which can only be understood in connexion with their context, and which it is neither pleasant nor necessary to “ Upon the coast of Coromandel, farther to the south, read at all, unless in connexion with their context. It is the surf breaks with great violence, and there is no place somewhat like inculcating upon a man, who is bent upon where a ship can find shelter. At Madras, the British ca. a long journey through a diversified country, to exercise pital of this part of India, ships cannot touch the shore, and himself for many days previously in hopping over huge very frequently they can hold no communication with it. ditebes, clambering up sides of hills and precipices, over
During the months of October, November, and December, leaping great rocks and shaggy bushes, in order, by such they cannot even remain in the roads with safety; nor
can they, generally speaking, land in boats of European experiinental exercitations, to confirm his knees and knit build at any season, the surf being so violent, that any craft up his sinews for the great expedition he is about to en that does not yield to it is broken to pieces. The communicounter. It is much better to clap a plain good staff at cation is usually made by country boats, and, where the surf once into the man's hand, tuck up his garments for him, is very violent, by catamarans; and po ships attempt to laud furnish his pockets with the necessary viaticum, and bid passengers, unless the signal from the beach-house warns
them that it is safe. In favourable weather, the ships' boats him, Go, speed. Set him once a-going, and Res expedit anchor just outside the surf, where the communication is se; all sense of impediments or triding difficulties is continned to the land by the country boats. These are conquenched or overborne by his increasing zeal in the march, structed of three planks, sewed together, with straw in the and the pleasure which he gradually gathers as he prose seams, so that they bend easily. Even with these light and cutes his journey.
buoyant vessels, a great deal of experience and determinaBut enough, or rather, too much, of this. Mr Scager tion are required, or they would be broken by the foaming having undertaken a translation of the aureolus libellus of surges which follow each other with great velocity and vio Lambert Bos, has shown his good taste and good sense
lence. The commander of the boat stands up to beat tine,
which he does both by stamping and by roaring, to encouin abridging it considerably, by the exclusion of all repe
rage the rowers. When the boat is in the trough of the surge, titions, and all erroneous or irrelevant matter. He has they pull backwards against the approaching ridge, in order redaced the examples under each word into nearly an to mount upon it before it breaks, and while they are uponi alphabetical arrangement, facilitating thereby the student's its crest, it carries them to the shore with great velocity. enquiries, by sparing him, in the longer articles, the When it breaks, they pull violently forward, in order to keep trouble of a laborious search. He has also subjoined a
the way that they have made during the reflux, and the ino. number of excellent notes, which we should gladly have pul backwards again. Thus they keep advancing upon the
ment that the next approaching surge turns the water, they seen increased. In short, the numerous improvements Crest of every successive wave, and pulling back a little in made, together with the language in which it is written, each interval, till they get so near the shore, that the final must, to the English reader, render the abridgement of surge flings them and their bark upon the dry land, along Mr Seager a more desirable and serviceable book of re with the spray. It is by a passage of this kind, that Euroference than the cumbrous and too perplexed original. peans, of whatever sex, inuke a landing at Madras." - Vol. As an additional recommendation of no little account, it
i. pp. 66, 7. is correctly and beautifully printed at the Valpy press ; The following passage presents a glowing picture of 80 that, with all these advantages, we have no hesitation in recommending this book to the teachers of Greek in
“ The birds of India are equally remarkable for their Scotland, as the best Dictionary of Elliptical Expressions number and for the beauty of their plumaye. The radiant to which, in their desponding difficulties, they can re hues of the peacock still gild the thickets in all parts of the
country, and they did so in the time of the Macedonian conqueror, who was so much charmed with their beauty,
that, under severe penalties, he forbade their destruction by The Picture of India ; Geographical
, Historical, and his army. Among the groves and thickets on the Malabar Descriptive. In two Volumes. London. Whittaker, coast, they are still very numerous, and are captured during Treacher, and Co. 1830.
the night by a torch and a painted canvass, containing an
imitation of one of themselves. The parrot tribe are found -- This is a prettily printed, prettily embellished, and in all their varieties of form and colour, and the car is lite
THE BIRDS OF INDIA.
rally deafened by their noise. The birds of India are beset “ The professional wrestlers of India are among the test by many enemies, both in their own persons and in the con- wonderful, as well as unexceptionable, of all the public estents of their nests; and this leads to some of the most cu- hibitions; and the grace, as well as the agility and strength, rious arts of nidification that are any where to be found which they display, could not easily be exceeded by Edie among the feathered tribes. One of their greatest enemies is peans. This is one of the instances in which one gets a the tree snake, which can climb its way to any height, and glimpse of what they might be, were it possible to break the suspend itself by a very slender support. Toguard against that mental fetters in which they are held; but the more that enémy, a little feathered inhabitant of the neighbourhood of that unfortunate part of their condition is studied, the best > Bombay-a thing not much bigger than a cock-chaffer-fixes hope there seems in it. its tiny nest to the pointed leaves of the palmyra-palm, which * The jugglers have been often exhibited in this country; the snake cannot reach, and there rears its brood in safety and, both in sleight of hand, and dexterity of manipulation, But of all the winged architects of India, or perhaps of any they are much superior to the same class in the west. The other country, the Indian gross-beak (loria philippina) is great litheness of the Hindoo, the delicacy of his hands, and one of the most ingenious. The bird is rather bigger than the exquisite sensibility of his feeling of touch, give him a tery the one last mentioned. In bulk, it exceeds the common decided superiority in every thing that depends upon then, sparrow of our gardens, and, therefore, its nest would The serpent jugglers, too, are a very singular class
, for they weigh down the tip of a leaf till it came in contact with certainly do handle the most poisonous snakes with inspi- og others, and, therefore, bring the treasure which it con- nity, although not deprived of their fangs. Tumbling, and tained within reach of the enemy: To prevent this, it has every other display of personal agility, might le experted recourse to a very irigenious contrivance. It builds in a among such a people; but, to a stranger, none of their ehl. variety of trees; but it prefers the Indian fig; and, making bitions appear more daring than the mode in which they choice of a very slender twig, it plaits a rope of grass and swing; and yet, hazardous as it seems to be, it is perfectly vegetable fibres, at least a foot and a half long, and to the sale, and not injurious to health. The swing consists of two end of that it fastens its smug and very ingeniously-con- pieces of strong bamboo, one fastened securely in the ground, structed nest. Externally that nest is formed of the same and steadied either by stents or gy-ropes, the other lies actua materials as the cord by which it is suspended, and plaited the top, and is placed upon the tirst as a pivot. A rope is in the manner of a basket. Internally it differs from most fastened to each end of the cross-piece; the shorter having nests, in containing a suite of three apartments, which are a strong hook at the end, and the larger reaching down to partially separated from each other, and yet have one com the ground. The person to be swung has a strong bandag mon entrance and a communication with each other. The passed round his body, below which, on the back, the baš first apartment is for the male, who keeps watch there wbile is passed, with the point outwards. By this arrangement the female is performning her incubation, and, as his beak is the hook is in no danger of slipping, neither does it hurt the powerful in proportiou to his size, he offers a bold defence swinger. When the swinger is attached by this rope and against ordinary-sized foes, while the rope by which the hook to the one end of the cross-piece, the people below take nest is suspended is a sufficient protection against the snake. hold of the rope at the other end, and run rapidly round, The second apartment is for the female; and the third and till the centrifugal force of the swinger stretches the repe, most secure, for the young. This nest is, in itself, abun- and projects him right out in the air, in which he seems dantly ingenious; but those who are fond of heightening floating. While the machine continues in motion, drums nature with their own fancies, render it a good deal more so. and other instruments of noise are beat by the applauding The male has generally a light in his apartment; and thus crowd, while the attitude of the floating figure and the trap it is easy for fancy to endow him with the lantern as well pings with which it is ornamented, have a most imposing as the vigilance of the watchman. In one corner of his effect. The same centrifugal force which stretches the rope, apartment there is generally a little bit of moist clay, upon not only keeps the body of the swinger in a horizontal pa which there are fastened one or more glowworms, which sition, but prevents him from receiving any injury, if the partially illuminate the little apartment. They use these apparatus be strong enough to retain him. His heai being insects in preference to any others, simply because their nearest the centre of motion, the tendency of the bland is al light betrays them, and they can be caught in the twilight, the other way, and thus, though the motion be very rapil, and they are a supply of food for the young gross-beaks in he does not feel the least inconvenience. the nursery behind. There are, in all departments of na “ With all their pretended love of animal life, the Hin. tural history, more violent and improbable strainings of the doos have no ohjection to a little cruelty to animals; fer, fact than the supposition that they are placed there for the while they have hospitals for the comfortable maintenance purpose of giving light, though certainly there is some- of bugs and spiders in one part of the country, they do net thing very wonderful in a bird lighting up its apartment, hesitate to bet their jewels, and even their clothes, upon the as it would be an instance without a parallel in animal bis issue of a contest between cocks, quails and other birds, tory."-Vol. i. p. 170-2.
which they have trained for the purpose. They are also We conclude with an entertaining account of
fond of games, particularly the game of chess, which has been known ainong them from the remotest antiquity-
Vol. II. p. 330-4. “ The numerous religious rites which the Ilindoos must perform, and the length of time that they must take before
“ The Picture of India,” whether to those who are in they can support themselves, and satisfy the demands of the country, or to those who, though at a distance, wish their rulers, do not leave them a great deal of time for their for information concerning it, must prove a very acceptamusements. They are fond of amusements, however, and able publication. they have inany classes of persons who are trained to exbibit. The nunber of these is, indeed, so great, that we can only mention the names of a few of the leadiny ones, The Pilgrim's Progress ; with a Life of John Banyes
“ Probably the most general of these is the poet. His By Robert Southey, Esq., LL. D., Poet Lagreate, business is to recite tales and histories, which he does,
&c. &c. &c. sometimes with, and sometimes without, a theatrical sort of
Illustrated with Engravings Londen. air. The language of some of those pieces is very flowery;
John Murray, and John Mayor. 1830. Royal 8vo. but the story is often very absurd, and at times not over
Pp. 411. modest. “ Lightly formed and servile as the Hindoos are, their splendid than the singularly wild and beautiful allegory
Tuis is a very splendid volume, and yet not more religion forbids them the amusement of dancing. That is performed by the dwadassi, or dancing girls, who are pre
which it contains deserves. " It is a book," says Me sent upon all festive occasions. They are a religious order, Southey, " which makes its way through the faney tə devoted specially to the gods and the officiating Brahmins. the understanding and the heart: the child peruses it
They are generally handsome girls, dressed in the greatest with wonder and delight; in youth we discover the feelegance that even the costume of the female Hindoo admits nius which it displays; its worth is apprehended as we of, and they are very richly adorned with jewels. Their advance in years; and we perceive its merits feelingly in movements, too, are imposing, but they are in gesture much declining age.” Besides being printed in the most beaoin the same way that the poets are in words. Indeed, it is tiful style, the present edition contains three fine coppel
. nected with that—to darken with obscenity that which plate, and thirty-three spirited wood engravings
. The would be beautiful or graceful, in the same manner as it subjects of the former are a Portrait of John Bunyan, darkens with absurdity that which would be sublime. and views of the Valley of the Shadow of Death and of