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Or with a prattling merriment dance on

Yet less dreary the fate of that evening star, In mazy windings o'er the pebbled strand.

That tree on the wild, and that bark at sea, Heaven bless the streams! They are like sunny days Than to roam o'er the earth, unloved and alone, In life's long winter. Not a tone have they

With none, O my heart! who can feel with thee! That speaks not to my heart, and there awakes

Gertrude. An answering echo of remember'd joy! And with remember'd joy is ever link'd

LITERARY CHIT-CHAT AND VARIETIES. Thy queenly form, thy light elastic tread,

We understand that Mr Pitcairn is preparing for publication a liThy voice, that like the wimpling crystal falls

mited impression of an Historical and Genealogical Account of the In silvery clearness on affection's ear ;

principal families of the name of Kennedy, from a MS. in the AdvoStreams make me think of thee!

cates' Library, written before 1610, with Notes and mustrations.

Mr Pitcairn's object in printing these Memoirs, is to illustrate the Hills make me think of thee ;

Auchindrane Trial, which will be given in Part VI. of his collection The lights and shadows that alternate blend,

of Criminal Records. The narratives interspersed with this trial,

afford the fullest account of the deadly feuds which gave rise to a seUntil the eye rests dazzled in the blaze

ries of bloodshed and violence, of which Sir Walter Scott has afforded Of purple splendour flooding the high peak,

but a faint outline in his Preface to the drama of Auchindrane. Illumine all my soul, so that it grows

There are few things more extraordinary in the Scottish annals than A temple, dearest, not unworthy thee !

this Family History, disclosing, as it does, a state of society in CarHills are Creation's gift to our own land,

rick, of which few persons had any previous knowledge or idea. LiThe peerless feature of its scenery!

terally, every man's hand was “ against his brother.” The houses

of Cassillis, Bargany, and Colzean, having separate interests, and If love of nature and of country be

each struggling for the mastery, were involved in perpetual broils. Humanity's prerogative, how can I feel

The story of Auchindrane, interesting and unique as it certainly is, Their value as I ought, unless there rush

was a mere interlude in the general melée. The mere genealogical Into my heart thy image blent with theirs ?

portion of Mr Pitcairn's forthcoming volume will form but a small Hills make me think of thee!

part of the book, which might with more propriety be termed a History of Carrick, during the period embraced.

The Life of Alexander Alexander, written by himself, and edited Stars make me think of thee;

by John Howell, author of “ Journal of a Soldier," “ Life of John Beneath the silence of their holy beam

Nicol,” &c. is in the press. This singular piece of autobiography The bosom hath its own thoughts to itself,

exhibits, most minutely and faithfully, the real adventures of AlexThoughts which through all the day unheeded slept, ander Alexander, the disowned son of a gentleman in the West of Lost midst the cares and false lights of the world ;

Scotland. It commences with infancy, traverses three quarters of But in the hush of evening they return,

the globe, and comprehends a period of nearly fifty years of the lite

of a man who has been placed in many trying situations, as a soldier, Like Sabbath music to a sacred shrine,

an overseer in the West Indies, and an officer in the Patriot armies And in their presence there is deep delight,

of South America. Devotion, and revival of old hopes

Parochial Law; Embracing the Law of Scotland on the following That long lay crush'd, and recollections bright, subjects :-Churches—Church Officers-Church-yards–Parish Dues And feelings to be cherish'd, but not told :

-Manses and Glebes-The Poor-Sacraments, Necessaries for the Small is that sister band of starry thoughts,

Administration of—and Schools, by Alexander Dunlop, Esq. Advo

cate, is announced. But one is in itself a galaxy,–

The Practical Planter; containing Directions for the Planting of Stars make me think of thee !

Waste Lands, and Management of Wood, by Thomas Cruickshank,

Forester at Careston, will shortly be published.
When think I not of thee?

The Greek Grammar of Dr Frederick Thiersch, translated from Nor flowers, nor streams, nor hills, nor stars alone, the German, with bricf Remarks, by Professor Sandford, is in the Recall thee to a heart, in which thou liv'st

press.

Attempts in Verse, by John Jones, an old servant; with some acAs perfume in the flower, light in the stream,

of the Writer; and an Introductory Essay on the Lives and Beauty in hills, and God himself in stars !

Works of uneducated Poets, .by Robert Southey, LL.D., is prepa. I take thee with me wheresoe'er I go,

ring for publication. And in my spirit's wildest flights thy form,

The Progress of Society, a work by the late Dr Robert Hamilton. As in a morning dream, shines by my side !

Professor of Mathematics in the Marischal College and University of At home, abroad, alone, or in a crowd,

Aberdeen, is about to appear. Dr Hamilton was engaged for many When think I not of thee?

years in writing this work, and continued to revise and improve it until within a few days of his death.

Miss Anna Maria Porter's new work, which may be expected in a

few days, is entitled the Barony, a Romance. SONG-THOU ART LONELY, MY HEART.

Mr Charles Heath, proprietor of the Keepsake, is preparing a set

of plates similar to those which appear in his annual, to be entitled Cnou art lonely, my heart, as the lonely star

Heath's Historical Illustrations to the Waverley Novels. Six plates, That shines on the brow of the deepening even,

illustrative of Guy Mannering, will be ready this month. And sheds her pale light from her throne afar,

A new edition of Dr Ure's Dictionary of Chemistry, nearly reEre her sisters come forth in full glory in heaven! written, is in the press. Dh! many are round thee, yet none may tell

The Denounced, by the author of the O'Hara Tales, consisting of Howy mournful the thoughts in thy depths that be;

two stories, entitled the Last Baron of Cranagh, and the Conformists, While all have found kindred and friends to love,

will speedily appear.

The English at Home, by the author of the English in Italy, is anThere are none, O my heart! who can feel with thee!

nounced. Thou art lonely, my heart, as the lonely tree

The Anthology, an annual Reward Book for Midsummer and

Christmas 1830, consisting of Selections, &c. by the Rev. J. D. That stands on the dreary and sunless plain;

Parry, M.A. will be ready in a few weeks. Vithout one bird on its leafless boughs,

Miss INVERARITY'S CONCERT.-Miss Inverarity was perhaps a To waken the morn with its blithesome strain.

little too ambitious in fixing on the Assembly Rooms for her concert have wander'd long, I have pined for a soul

which took place last Monday evening. The Rooms were not much Like mine in youth's summer as warm and free ; more than one half filled, and the music, consequently, went off more fut, alas! while all have found something to love,

flatly than it would otherwise have done. Miss Inverarity, however, There are none, O my heart! who can feel with thee! acquitted herself exceedingly well, and she was ably supported by

several of her professional brothers and sisters. 'hou art lonely, my heart, as the lonely wreck

CHIT-CHAT FROM LONDON.-Hummel has arrived in London, Tossing for ever on ocean wide,

and was to give a concert last Thursday. His great power consists in

the beauty and variety of his extemporaneous performances. He is Pith its canvass shatter'd, its tall masts streven

now about fifty years of age.--A very general feeling at present preIn ruin around on the heaving tide!

vails that a reduction on the duty of newspapers and advertisements

should take place immediately. Various meetings have been held

(No. 77, May 1, 1850.) by different public bodies to bring the matter, in a proper point of view, under the attention of Government.-Almack's opened for the

ADVERTISEMENTS, season a few days ago, and the attendance was numerous..

Joseph Hume has been elected one of the Vice-presidents of the Society of Arts.--- There is at present exhibiting in London a curious and inte Connected with Literature, Science, and the Arts. resting specimen of Hindoo sculpture, consisting of a figure as large as life, representing a doorgee, or lady's tailor, seated at his work. It is a clay model, and evinces considerable mechanical skill, and

WORKS ON GARDENING, some taste.-The Exhibition at Somerset House will this year be a

Published by WHITTAKER, TREACHER, and Co., Are-Maria very crowded one. It is said there is not room to hang half the pic

Lane, London; and WAUGH and INNES, Edinburgh,

In foolscap 8vo, price 6s. tures that have been sent in.-The Universal Library announced by 1. THE VILLA and COTTAGE FLORISTYS cellany species, which is to be edited by Mr Gleig. It will, of course, particularly the management of the best stage, bed, and border interfere a good deal with Murray's Family Library, but the profits flowers, usually cultivated in Britain. To which are added, Dirce of that work are so great, that there may possibly be room for both.

lions for the Management of the Hothouse, Greenhouse, and Con--Messrs Whittaker and Co. are to publish a French Annual for

servatory, with the different modes of raising and propagating exotie -

plants. Interspersed with many new physiological observations. By 1831, the letter-press of which is to be supplied by the most eminent JAS. MAIN, A.L.S. French authors, but the plates will be all engraved in this country. 2. THE GREENHOUSE COMPANION, comTheatrical Gossip.—Madame Malibran is to appear this evening at

prising a general course of greenhouse and conservatory practice the King's Theatre, for the first time this season.-Lalande does not

throughout the year; a natural arrangement of all the greenhoue seem to have made a great hit. The London critics speak of her plants in cultivation; with a descriptive catalogue of the most dess. with cautious admiration. Her voice is a high soprano ;-she is not

rable to form a collection, their proper soils, modes of propagation,

management, and references to botanical works in which they are fivery young, but still in the full meridian of her vocal powers.Mr gured. Also, the proper treatment of flowers in rooms, and bulbs in Charles Kemble took for his benefit on Wednesday last, the tragedy water glasses. In 8vo, with a coloured frontispiece, the 2d edition, of “ Isabella, or the Fatal Marriage,” to give his daughter an op

11s. bds. portunity of personating the heroine. It is stated that the clear pro 3. A CONCISE and PRACTICAL TREATISE fits of the season at Covent-Garden, up to the present time, have

on the GROWTH and CULTURE of the CARNATION, PINK, been L.13,000.-A Miss Hosac, who is said to excel in both tragedy

AURICULA, POLYANTHUS, RANUNCULUS, TULIP, AYA

CINTH, ROSE, and other Flowers ; including a dissertation on ai. and comedy, has arrived in London from America. It is reported

and manures, and catalogues of the most esteemed varieties of each that Elliston is about to publish his life. The Shakspearian Festi. flower. By THOMAS Hogg. A new Edition, in 12mo, with coloured val is now going on with great eclat at Stratford-on-Avon. Gor Plates, 8s. geous processions, concerts, public breakfasts, banquets, and fire 4. THE GARDENER'S MANUAL and ENG. works, are to constitute the Jubilee. The eating and drinking de LISH BOTANIST'S COMPANION, being an introduction to Gar. partment is under the superintendenee of Charles Wright-There dening: on philosophical principles. To which is added a Catalogu

of British Plants, in the monthly order of their flowering. By a appears to be a good theatrical company at present at Birmingham.

Horticultural Chemist. In 8vo, to be complete in 12 Nos, Is. each. Among others, there are Miss Foote, Mrs Humby, Miss F. H. Kelly, Vandenhoff, and a Mr Pemberton, whom we have heard favourably Three of the most widely circulated Weekly Newspapers publish spoken of. The company will proceed to Liverpool shortly.-When

ed in London, at Serenpence each. Sold by all Newspaper Agent

in Town and Country, Mathews was last in Manchester, he introduced himself to the audience in these words : “Mr Pit, Mr Mathews, Mr Mathews, Mr

THE OBSERVER, Pit." This was thought an excellent joke.—Liston terminated a suc

Price Sevenpence. cessful engagement with Seymour in Glasgow last Saturday evening, A MONDAY EDItion of the OBSERVER is regularly published and has now returned to London.-Miss Jarman terminated a success. containing the Latest News, Clerical Intelligence, the Corn Market ful engagement with Alexander in Glasgow on Monday last, in the up to the Monday afternoon; always published sufficiently early fo

the Newsmen to send by the General Post. This edition is render course of which she appeared four times in the drama of “ Aloyse."

ed particularly acceptable to persons in the country, and those res Her benefit was very crowdedly attended. She is now in Belfast.

ding abroad. The price of the Monday edition of The Observer i Miss Fanny Ayton is at present in Glasgow. We understand that the Sevenpence.-Printed and published by Mr WM. CLEMENT, adjoin dispute between Alexander and Seymour concerning the patent is ing the Office of the Morning Chronicle, in the Strand, London, likely soon to be brought to a conclusion, and that the former mana

BELL'S LIFE IN LONDON, ger will obtain it.-A new drama, called “ The Brigand," was pro

Price Sevenpence. duced here on Wednesday evening. It had been previously per

BELL'S LIFE IN LONDON is the best and cheapest Journal estan formed at the Caledonian, and we regret to say, that it was better

for Sporting varieties. It is a large folio twenty-column Weekly Jau performed there than at the Theatre-Royal.-T. P. Cooke takes his nal, published in London every Saturday afternoon, in time for the benefit this evening. Next week the Theatre will be closed on day's post, and may be received at the distance of two hundred sch account of the sacrament; but will re-open on Tuesday, the 11th,

from London on Sunday. This paper combines, with the news of th

week, a rich repository of Fashion, Wit, Humour, and other inte with Miss Isabella Paton and Wilson, who has been re-engaged. Mr

resting incidents of Real Life. The events in the Sporting Dera Murray has gone to London to arrange concerning various matters ment are copiously detailed, and, for accuracy, stand unrivalle connected with his establishment.-- Powerful reasons, we under

The emblematical Illustrations, which head the articles on Dramn: stand, have prevented Mr Bass's appearance at the Caledonian for a

Poetry, the Turf, the Chase, the Ring, the Police, Cricketing, P

geou-shooting, the Aquatic Register, and the affairs of the Fanc week or two.

were all designed by Cruikshank, in his most humorous and hapi

These cuts alone are worth more than the price of it WEEKLY List of PERFORMANCES.

Newspaper, which is only Sevenpence. The sale of Bell's Life

London, and Sporting Chronicle, is the largest of any Lond April 24-30.

Weekly Journal, except The Observer. Innkeepers and Publica SAT. Black-eyed Susan, f Nelson.

are likely

to benefit by additional business to their house, from i

king in Bell's Life in London, and Sporting Chronicle, being Mox. Do., & The Pilot.

Journal of comicality and fun, calculated to "drive dull care away Tues. The Red Rover, f Black-eyed Susan.

and dissipate the blue devils. Office, 169, Strand, London. WED. The Brigand, & Nelson.

THE ENGLISHMAN, THURS. Do., & Black-eyed Susan.

Price Sevenpence. FRI. Presumption, The Red Rover.

This highly respectable and independent Weekly Newspaper published at No. 170, in the Strand, every Sunday Morning, at ! clock, at the price of Sevenpence only. The Englishman has now be

published twenty-six years, and during that long period has invar TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS.

bly pursued the same course in all its departments that of the str We are obliged to postpone several notices of interesting new

est impartiality. It may be truly said of The Englishman, that i

“open to all parties—ivfluenced by none." As a Family News works till next week.

per, The Englishman stands unrivalled ; not a line, or an advert The paper “ On Puppies” will be of use to us. We are afraid that ment, of an immoral tendency, is allowed, under any circumstamu none of the communications of "R." of Migvie will exactly suit us. to stain its pages. The Englishman is a folio twenty-column Jo The hint of " A Well-wisher" shall be attended to.

nal, the same size and price as The Observer. The paper upon w The Lines entitled “ The Meteor Star" will not suit us.-" Tears"

it is printed is an excellent sort, and the type almost new; indi

for variety, quantity, and quality, it is the most perfect. In spx by “ Alpha,” perhaps.

ing of Sunday Newspapers it is proverbial to say, The Englishin

is almost a library in itself; and to such readers who do not des We beg to remind our Advertising Friends, in order to avoid dis party paper, a trial of the Englishman is strongly recommended appointment, that Advertisements intended for the ensuing Saturday gaged as cannot be excelled by any Weekly Newspaper whate:

neutral Journal, in which such a combination of literary talent in cannot be received later than Thursday evening, as the Journal al The Englishman is sent from London by the mails on Sunday, : ways goes to press early on Friday.

may be had in the country on the blank post day 8.

manner.

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LITERARY CRITICISM,

along with them. Even if I should be mistaken in think

ing that the secret history of what was once so popular may The Poetical Works of Sir Walter Scott, Bart. 11 vols.

still attract public attention and curiosity, it seems to me

not without its use to record the manner and circumstances 18.no. New Edition. Edinburgh. Cadell and Co.

under which the present, and other Poems on the same plan, 1830.

attained, for a season, an extensive reputation. (Unpublished.)

“I must resume the story of my literary labours at the There are several interesting features in the new edi. of Popular Poetry, vol. iii. p. 82, when I had enjoyed the

period at which I broke off in the Essay on the Imitation tion of Sir Walter Scott's Poetical Works now in the first gleam of public favour, by the success of the first edi. press, concerning which we have it in our power to give tion of the Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border. The second the public information before any of our contemporaries. edition, published in 1803, proved, in the language of the To the ten volumes formerly published, is to be added trade, rather a heavy concern. The demand in Scotland an eleventh, which will contain “ Macduff's Cross,” had been supplied by the first edition, and the curiosity of * The Doom of Devorgoil,” and “ Auchindrane.” The the English was not much awakened by poems in the rude two last of these, which have also been published se

garb of antiquity, accompanied with notes referring to the parately, we spoke of a fortnight ago. The first, to lized history was ignorant.

obscure feuds of barbarous clans, of whose very names civiwhich is prefixed a short Introduction, appeared in a “At this time I stood personally in a different position Miscellany, published in the year 1823, by Mrs Joanna from that which I occupied when I first dipped my despe Baillie. It is a short dramatic sketch of only one scene, rate pen in ink for other purposes than those of my protesand as we believe it is not generally known in this coun

sion. In 1796, when I first published the translations from try, owing to the limited circulation of the volume for Bürger, I was an isolated individual, with only my own which it was originally written, we may probably pre

wants to provide for, and having, in a great measure, my sent it to our readers next Saturday. It is not, how- cond edition of the Minstrelsy appeared, I had arrived at a

own inclinations alone to consult. In 1803, when the sea ever, this eleventh volume which constitutes the most in- period of life when men, however thoughtless, encounter teresting feature of the new Edition. It contains, besides, | duties and circumstances which press consideration and a set of Introductions, which precede the different Poems plans of lite upon the most careless minds. I had been for to which they refer, and which enter into a minute and some time married—was the father of a rising fainily, and, highly satisfactory explanation of the circumstances under though fully enabled to meet the consequent demands upon which they were composed, and through which they me, it was my duty and desire to place myself in a situation attained so extensive a popularity.

which would enable me to make honourable provision All these Intro

against the various contingencies of life. ductions we have read with nearly unalloyed pleasure.

" It may be readily supposed that the attempts which I They are written in a delightful and truly philosophical had made in literature bad been unfavourable to my success spirit; and they teem with good sense, admirable advice at the bar. The goddess Themis is, at Edinburgh, and, I to youthful poets, and the most perfect kindliness of feel- suppose, everywhere else, of a peculiarly jealous disposition. ing towards every body. We are sorry we have it not in She will not rea lily consent to share her authority, and our power to present our readers with the whole series, sternly demands from her votaries not only that real duty but we are certain that we could not furnish them with air of business shall be observed, even in the midst of total

be carefully attended to and discharged, but that a certain an hour's more valuable reading than they will find in idleness. It is prudent, if not absolutely necessary, in a the Introductions to the “ Lay of the Last Minstrel,” young barrister, to appear completely engrossed by his proand “ The Lady of the Lake," both of which we shall | fession; however destitute of employment he may be, he extract entire, the more willingly that it will be some ought to preserve, if possible, the appearance of full occupalittle time before they can meet with these compositions tion. He should at least seem perpetually engaged among anywhere else. It is always painful for us to have to find his law-papers, dusting them, as it were ; and, as Ovid ad

vises the fair, fault in any way with such a man, let us say proudly such a ScotchmaN, as the Author of Waverley; and no

Si nullus erit pulvis tamen excute nullum. thing makes us happier than to see him in the greenness quired, cousidering the great number of counsellors who are

Perhaps such extremity of attention is more especially reof his age, with all his intellectual faculties as vigorous called to the bar, and how very small a proportion of them as ever, looking calmly back upon the glories of his

are finally disposed, or find encouragement, to follow the youth, and talking of them in that fine vein of matured law as a profession. Hence the number of deserters is so wisdom which characterises the following pieces : great, that the least lingering look behind occasions a young

novice to be set down as one of the intending fugitives. INTRODUCTION TO THE LAY OF THE LAST MINSTREL. Certain it is, that the Scottish Themis was, at this time, pe“ A poem of nearly thirty years' standing may be supposed culiarly jealous of any Hirtation with the Muses, on the hardly to need an Introduction, since, without one, it has part of those who had ranged themselves under her banners. been able to keep itself afloat through the best part of a ge This was probably owing to her consciousness of the supeneration. Nevertheless, as in the edition of the Waverley rior attractions of her rivals. Of late, however, she has Novels now in course of publication, I have imposed on relaxed, in some instances, in this particular ; an eminent myself the task of saying something concerning the purpose example of which has been shown in the case of my friend and history of each, in their turn, I am desirous that the Mr Jeffrey, who, after long conducting one of the most inPoerns for which I first received some marks of the public fluential literary periodicals of the age with unquestionable favour, should also be accompanied with such scraps of ability, has been, by the general consent of his brethren, retheir literary history as may be supposed to carry interest cently elected to be their Dean of Faculty, or President,

being the highest acknowledgment of his professional ta were those from which Horace has bestowed upon authors lents which they had it in their power to offer. But this the epithet of the Irritable Race. It requires no depth of phi. is an incident much beyond the ideas of a period of thirty losophic reflection to perceive that the petty warfare of yeni's' distance, when a barrister, who really possessed any Pope with the Dunces of his period, could not have been iurn for lighter literature, was at as much pains to conceal carried on without his suffering the most acute torture, such it, as if it had in reality been something to be ashamed of; as a man must endure from musquitoes, by whose stings he and I could mention inore than one instance in which li- suffers agony, although he can crush them in his grasp by terature and society have suffered loss that jurisprudence myriads. Nor is it necessary to call to memory the many might be enriched.

humiliating instances in which men of the greatest genius • Such, however, was not my case; for the reader will have, to avenge some pitiful quarrel, made themselves ridinot wouder that my open interference with matters of light culous during their lives, to become the still more degra. literature diminislied my employment in the weightier ded objects of pity to future times. matters of the law. Nor did the solicitors, upon whose “ Upon the whole, as I bad no pretension to the genius choice the counsel takes rank in his profession, do me less of the distinguished persons who had fallen into such errors, than justice hy regarding others among my contemporaries I concluded there could be no occasion for imitating them as fitter to discharge the duty due to their clients, than a in these mistakes, or what I considered as such; and in young man who was taken up with running after ballads, adopting literary pursuits as the principal occupation of my whether Teutonic or national. My profession and I, there- future lite, I resolved, if possible, to avoid those weaknesses fore, came to stand nearly upon the footing on which ho of temper, which seemed to have most easily beset my more nest Slender consoled himself with baving established with celebrated predecessors. Mistress Anne Page. • There was no great love between “ With this view, it was my first resolution to keep as us at the beginning, and it pleased Heaven to decrease it far as was in my power abreast of society, continuing to on farther acquaintance!' I became sensible that the time maintain my place in general company, without yielding to was come when I must either buckle myself resolutely to the very natural temptation of narrowing myself to what “the toil by day, the lamp by night,' renouncing all the De- is called literary society. By doing so, I imagined I should lilahs of my imagination, or bid adieu to the profession of escape the besetting sin of listening to language, which, the law and hold another course.

from one motive or other, ascribes a very undue degree of “ I confess my own inclination revolted from the more se consequence to literary pursuits, as if they were indeed the vere choice, which might have been deemed by many the business rather than the amuseinent of life. The opposite wiser alternative. As my transgressions had been nume course can only be compared to the injudicious conduct of Tous, my repentance must have been signalised by unusual one who pampers himself with cordial and luscious sacrifices. I ought to have mentioned that, since my four- draughts, until he is unable to endure wholesome bitters, teenth or fifteenth year, my health, originally delicate, had Like Gil Blas, therefore, I resolved to stick by the society been extremely robust. From infancy, l'had laboured of my commis, instead of seeking that of a more literary under the infirmity of a severe lameness, but, as I believe is cast, and to maintain my general interest in what was gee usually the case with men of spirit who suffer under per- ing on around me, reserving the man of letters for the desk sonal inconveniences of this nature, I had, since the improve and the library. ment of my health, in defiance of thisincapacitating circum “ My sccorid resolution was a corollary from my first. stance, distinguished myself by the endurance of toil on foot I determined that, without shutting my ears to the voice of or borseback, baving often walked thirty miles a-day, and true criticism, I would pay no regard to that which as rode upwards of a hundred, without stopping. In this sumes the form of satire." I therefore resolved to arm inrmanner I made many pleasant journeys through parts of self with the triple brass of Horace, against all the moving the country then not very accessible, gaining inore amuse warfare of satire, parody, and sarcasm ; to laugh if the jest ment and instruction than I have been able to acquire since was a good one, or, if otherwise, to let it bum and buzz

I have travelled in a more commodious manner. I practised itself to sleep. most silvan sports also with some success and with great “ It is to the observance of these rules (according to my delight. But these pleasures must have been all resigned, best belief) that, after a life of thirty years engaged in lite or used with great moderation, had I determined to regain rary labours of various kinds, I attribute my never having my station at the bar. It was even doubtful whether I been entangled in any literary quarrel or coutroversy; and, could, with perfect character as a jurisconsult, retain a si which is a more pleasing result, that I have been distintuation in a volunteer corps of cavalry which I tben held. guished by the personal friendship of my most approved The threats of invasion were at this time justant and me- contemporaries of all parties. nacing; the call by Britain on her children was universal, “ I adopted at the same time another resolution, on which and was answered by many who, like myself, consulted ra- it may doubtless be remarked that it was well for me that I ther their will than their ability to hear arms. My ser- had it in my power to do so, and that, therefore, it is a lint vices, however, were found useful in assisting to maintain of conduct which can be less generally applicable in othei the discipline of the corps, being the point on wbich their Yet I fail not to record this part of my plan, con constitution rendered them most amenable to military cri- vinced that though it may not be in every one's power ti ticism. In other respects, the squadron was a fine one, adopt exactly the same resolution, he may nevertheless, b? .consisting of handsome men, well mounted and armed, at his own exertions, in some shape or other attain the objec their own expense. My attention to the corps took up a on wbich it was founded, namely, to secure the means e good deal of time; and while it occupied many of the bap- subsistence, without relying exclusively on literary talents piest hours of my life, it furnished an additional reason for In this respect, I determined that literature should be my my reluctance again to encounter the severe course of study staff, but not my crutch, and that the profits of my labour -indispensable to success in the juridical profession.

however convenient otherwise, should not become necessar “On the other band, my father, whose feelings might have to my ordinary expenses. With this purpose, I resolver been hurt by my quitting the bar, had been for two or three if the interest of my friends could so far favour me, to ne years dead, so that I had no control to thwart my own in. tire upon any of the respectable offices of the law, in whir clination; and my income being equal to all the comforts, persons of that profession are glad to take refuge, when the and some of the elegancies, of life, I was not pressed to an feel themselves, or are judged by others, incompetent to a irksowne employment by necessity, that most powerful of pire to its higher offices and honours. Upon such an effic motives ; consequently, I was the more easily' seduced to an author might hope to retreat, without any perceptib choose the employment which was most agreeable. This alteration of circumstances, whenever the time should a was yet the easier, tbat in 1900, I had obtained the pre-rive that the public grew weary of bis endeavours to pleas ferment of Sheriff of Selkirkshire, about £300 a-year in or he himself should tire of the occupation of authorshi value, and which was the more agreeable to me, as in that At this period of my life, I possessed so many friends c county I had several friends and relations. But I did not pable of assisting me in this object of ambition, that I cou abandon the profession to which I had been educated, without | hardly overrate my own prospects of obtaining the med certain prudential resolutions, which, at the risk of egotism, rate preferment to which I limited my wishes, and in fa I will here mention; not without the hope that they may I obtained in no long period the reversion of a situata be useful to young persons who may stand in circumstances which completely met them. similar to those in which I then stood.

“ Thus far all was well, and the author bad been guil “In the tirst place, upon considering the lives and fortunes of perhaps of no great imprudence, when he relinquished ! persons who had given themselves up to literature, or to the forensic practice with the hope of making some figure task of pleasing the public, it seemed to me that the circum- the field of literature. But an established character wi stances which chietly affected their happiness and character, I the public in my new capacity still remained to be acquire

cases.

I have noticed that the translations from Birger had been story of Gilpin Horner, a tradition in which the narrator, unsuccessfiul, nor had the original poetry which appeared and many inore of that county, were firm believers. The under the auspices of Mr Lewis, in the Tales of Wonder,'' young countess, much delighted with the legend, and the , in any great degree raised my reputation. It is true, I had gravity and full contidence with which it was told, enjoinprivate friends disposed to second me in my efforts to ob- ed it on me as a task to compose a ballad on the subject. Of, tain popularity: But I was sportsman enough to know, course, to hear was to obey; and thus the goblin story, obthat if the greyhound does not run well, the balloos of his jected to by several critics as an excrescence upon the poem, patrons will not obtain the prize for him.

was, in fact, the occasion of its being written. * Neither was I ignorant that the practice of ballad-wri. “ A chance siinilar to that which dictated the subject, ting was for the present out of fashion, and that any at gave me also the hint of a new mode of treating it. We had tempts to revive it, or to found a poetical character upon it, at that time the lease of a pleasant cottage, near Lasswade, would certainly fail of success. The ballad measure itselt, on the romantic banks of the Esk, to which we escapel which was once listened to as to an enchanting melody, had when the vacations of the court permitted so much leisure. become hackneyed and sickening, from its being the accom- Here I bad the pleasure to receive a visit from Mr Stod-, paniment of every grinding hand-organ; and besides, a dart, (now Sir John Stoddart, judge-advocate at Malta,), long work in quatrains, whether those of the common bal- who was at that time collecting the particulars which he , lad, or such as are termed the elegiac, have an effect on the afterwards embodied in his Remarks on Local Scenery in. sease like that of the bed of Procrustes on the human body; Scotland.* I was of some use to him in procuring the for, as it must be both awkward and difficult to carry on a information he desired, and guiding him to the scenes yvhich long sentence from one stanza to another, it follows that he wished to see. In return, he made me better acquainted the meaning of each period must be comprehended within than I bad hitherto been with the poetic effusions which four lines, and equally so, that it must be extended so as to have since made the lakes of Westmoreland, and the authors till that space. The alternate dilation and contraction thus by who they have been sung, so famous wherever the rendered necessary, is singularly unfavourable to narrative English tongue is spoken. composition; and the · Gondibert' of Sir William D'Ave " I was already acquainted with the 'Joan of Arc,' ther' nant; though containing many striking passages, has never Thalaba,' and the Metrical Ballads,' of Mc Southey, become popular, owing chietly to its being told in this spe- which had found their way to Scotland, and were generally ejes of elegiac verse.

admired. But Mr Stoddart, who had the advantage of “ In the dilemma occasioned by this objection, the idea personal friendship with the authors, and who possessed occurred to the author of using the measured short line, a strong memory, with an excellent taste, was able to rewhich forms the structure of so much minstrel poetry, that peat to me many long specimens of their poetry, which had it may be properly termed the romantic stanza, by way of not yet appeared in print. Amongst others, was the stridistinction; and which appears so natural to our language, king fragment called Christabel, by Mr Coleridge, which, that the very best of our poets have not been able to pro- from the singularly irregular structure of the statrzas, anni tract it into the verse properly called hervic, without the the liberty which it allowed the author to adapt the sound use of epithets which are, to say the least, unnecessary. to the sense, seemed to be exactly suited to such an extraBut, on the other hand, the extreme facility of the short vaganza as I meditated on the subject of Gilpin Horner. couplet, which seems congenial to our language, and was, As applied to comic and humorous poetry, this mescalonza doubtless for that reason, so popular with our old uninstrels, of measures had been already used by Anthony Hall, Anis, for the same reason, apt to prove a snare to the com- stey, Dr Wolcott, and others; but it was in Christabel that poser who uses it, by encouraging him in a habit of slovenly I first found it used in serious poetry, and it is to Mr Colrcomposition. The necessity of occasional pauses often forces ridge that I am bound to make the acknowledgment due the young poet to pay more attention to sense, as the boy's from the pupil to his master. I observed that Lord Byror, kite rises highest wben the train is loaded by a due coun- in noticing my obligations to Mr Coleridge, which I have terpoise The author was therefore intiinidated by what been always most rendy to acknowledge, expressed, or was Byron calls the · fatal facility' of the octo-syllabic verse, understood to express, a hope, that I did not write a parody which was otherwise better adapted to his purpose of imi- on Mr Coleridge's productions. On this subject I have tating the more ancieut poetry.

only to say, that I do not even know the parody which is "I was not less at a loss for a subject which might admit alluded to; and, were I ever to take the unbecoming freeof being treated with the simplicity and wildness of the an- dom of censuring a man of Mr Coleridge's extraordinary cient ballad. But accident dictated both a theme and mea- talents, it would be for the caprice and indolence with sure, which decided the subje as well as the structure of which he has thrown from him, as if in mere wantonness,

these unfinished scraps of poetry, which, like the Torso of " The lovely young Countess of Dalkeith, afterwards antiquity, defy the skill of his poetical brethren to complete Harriet, Duchess of Buccleuch, had come to the land of them. The charming fragments which the author abanher husband, with the desire of making hersell' acquainted dons to their fate, are surely too valuable to be treated like with its traditions and customs. All who reinember this the proofs of careless engravers, the sweepings of whose lady will agree, that the intellectual character of her extreme studios often make the fortune of some pains-taking colbeauty, the amenity and courtesy of her mamers, the lector. soundness of her understanding, and her unbounded bene “ I did not immediately proceed upon my projected lafolence, gave more the idea of an angelic visitant than of a bour, though I was now furnished with a subject and with being belonging to this nether world; and such a thought a structure of verse which might have the effect of novelty was but too consistent with the short space she was par- to the public ear, and afford the author an opportunity of mitted to tarry amongst us.

Of course, where all made it varying his measure with the variations of a romantic sube a pride and pleasure to gratify her wishes, she soon heard ject. enough of Border lore; among others, au aged gentleman of “ On the contrary, it was, to the best of my recollection, property,t near Langholm, communicated to her ladyship the more than a year after Mr Stoddart's visit, that by way of

Thus it has often been remarked, that in the opening couplets experiment, 1 coin posed the first two or three stanzas of of Pope's translation of the Iliad, there are two syllables forming a

• The Lay of the Last Minstrel.' I was shortly afterwards superfluous word in each line, as may be observed by att. nding to

visited by two intimate friends, one of whom still survives. such words as are printed in Italics :

They were men whose talents might have raised them to • Achilles' wrath to Greece the direfil spring

the highest station in literature, had they not preferred exOf woes unnumber'd, heavenly goidess, sing: That wrath which sent to Pluto's gloon reign

erting them in their own profession of the law, in which The souls of mighty chiefs in battle slain,

they attained equal preferment. I was in the habit of conWhose bones, unburied, on the desert shore,

sulting them on my attempts at composition, having equal Devouring dogs and hungry vultures tore

confidence in their souud taste and friendly sincerity. In 1" This was Mr Beattie of Mickledale, a man then considerably up- this specimen I had, in the phrase of the Highland servant, wards of e-ghty, of a shrewd and sarcastic temper, which he did not packed all that was my own, at least, for I had also induat all times suppress, as the following anekdote will show : worthy ded a line of invocation, a little softened, from Coleridge, clergyman, now deceased, with better good will than tact, was cri. deavouring to push the senior forward in his recollection of Border

Mary, mother, shield us well.' ballats and legends, by expressing reiterated surprise at his wonder. ful memory. "No, sir," said old Mickledale, my memory is good for As neither of my friends said much to me on the subject of mern ber all these stories about the auid.riding days, which are of no the stanzas I showed them before their departure, i had no earthly importance ; but were you, reverend sir, to repeat your best *ermon in this drawing-room, I could not tell you hall an hour afterwards what you had been speaking about."

Medwyn's Conversations of Lord Byron, p. 309.

the poem.

Two volumes octavo.

1801.

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