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LITERARY CRITICISM.

ject that comes next under review is Prophecy, in con

nexion with its fulfilment, which, as a miracle of knowA Vindication of the Christian Faith ; addressed to those ledge, Di Inglis considers to be equal

, and, in some rewho, believing in God, yet refuse or hesitate to believe in spects, even superior, to a miracle of power, with regard to

the evidence which it affords of a divine revelation ;-the Jesus Christ whom he hath sent. By Dr John Inglis, obscurity of prophecy is shortly adverted to and justified. one of the Ministers of Old Grayfriars Church, Edin- Additional evidence is adduced from the circumstances burgh. William Blackwood. 1830. 8vo. Pp. 354. attending the propagation of the Gospel. In conclusion,

Tur avowed enemies of the Christian Faith, who have he gives a summary of the whole argument, and insists rejected its evidences, denied its obligations, and evinced that all the evidence which is necessary, or which can a decided hostility to its institutions, are, the Atheist, the reasonably be desired, for convincing the candid mind as Libertine, and the professed Deist. It is evident that, from to the truth of Christianity, has been given; and that the first of these, the great argument in support of reveal more overwhelming proof could not have been afforded ed religion can expect little favour, inasmuch as with him consistently with the great design of Providence in regard

there is a previous question to be discussed,—and this dis- to the present station of man as a moral agent, not less -cussion belongs properly to the department of Natural responsible for his faith than for his practice. ( Theology. It is also vain to expect that any evidence We are sensible that, by this imperfect analysis, we give

which we can adduce will obtain much credit with the our readers a very inadequate notion of Dr Inglis's argu

Libertine, whose rejection of Christianity proceeds, not ment, and its successful developement. Many of the sub6 from the head, but from the heart,—from a determination jects here alluded to have been already ably discussed by

not to acknowledge its truth, rather than from any con writers of great emninence, though we are not aware that viction that it is false. But the Deist, who owns the even separately they have ever been treated with greater existence of a powerful, wise, and beneficent God, and at perspicuity than by our author ; and certainly in their the same time professes to disbelieve in the Gospel revela- collective capacity, they have never before been made to tion, is an opponent of a totally different character from bear so clearly and so closely upon the great point which the former two; and as, in common with the Christian, the Christian advocate desires to establish. A work like he affects to hold in abhorrence the absurdities of the the present was a desideratum in our theological literaAtheist and the interested dishonesty of the profligate, we ture. Leslie, Bishop Watson, Dr Campbell, and others, inay reasonably expect that a clear and full exposition of not to mention those writers who have treated of the the evidences of revealed religion will not be addressed to evidences on a more extensive plan, have furnished ample him in vain. We are not, indeed, sanguine enough to materials for a complete answer to the Deistical arguments expect that the evidences of Christianity, abundantly sa- against the truth of Christianity. Still it was perhaps a tisfactory as we acknowledge them to be, must force con- little unreasonable to expect that, in ordinary cases, either vietion on the mind of every man who calls himself an the Christian enquirer or the Deist would willingly underhonest Deist; we are well aware that secret prejudices take the labour of making himself intimately acquainted

may influence such men to reject, in this case, a proof with the several treatises throughout which the argument is which, in any other case, they would have admitted with was scattered ; much less was it to be expected that ordi

out hesitation ;- All we mean to say is, that, with the nary readers could combine for themselves the several Deist, properly so called, the evidences of religion stand a parts of the argument into one connected view. But here better chance of being fairly examined and appreciated, we have a volume of little more than 300 pages, in which than with any other class of infidels.

all the necessary evidences are stated with clearness, It is to this class that Dr Inglis addresses his Vindica- weighed with candour, judiciously advanced according to tion of the Christian Faith, a volume, from the perusal their relative importance, and rendered subservient to a of which we have just risen with a feeling of high admi- fair and conclusive proof. We do not mean to hint that ration for the author, and of much satisfaction with his the present work is a mere compendium of the evidences work. We run no hazard in affirming, that this is the as they are brought forward in the several treatises on ablest and most important theological treatise which has the subject; we consider it rather as an able and a comissued from the press since the days of Dr Paley. The plete digest of the whole argument. following brief abstract will give our readers some idea of One particular excellence of this volume we must not

omit mentioning to the author's praise; we allude to the He introduces his argument with the proposition, that truly Christian temper which characterises his work, and a divine revelation was necessary. He then considers the the fairness with which he treats the arguments and claim of Christianity to be received as such a revelation, even the prejudices of his opponents. In perusing the from the presumption afforded by the character of—first, arguments of Chalmers, Dr Campbell, Bishop Watson, its general; secondly, its peculiar doctrines; and thirdly, and sometimes, though less frequently, of Addison, we the moral duties which it inculcates. From the presump- have occasionally met with reasoning, which to ourselves, tire, he proceeds to the direct and positive evidences, after who had no previous prejudice to get over in regard to clearing his way by an elaborate enquiry into the truth the great point at issue, was sufficiently satisfactory, but of the Gospel history, as comprising facts not miraculous. which, we

could easily perceive, was ill calculated to remove Then follows a masterly chapter on Miracles. The sub- such prejudices where they existed, and which, accord

!

the author's plan.

ingly, must have failed of effect with even a tolerably Alga Britannicæ ; or, Descriptions of the Marine and candid Deist. Dr Inglis, on the other hand, is particu

other Inarticulated Plants of the British Islands belonglarly careful of his premises ; he is cautious of taking for

ing to the Order Algæ ; with Plates, illustrative of the granted what may with any show of reason be disputed;

Genera. By Robert Kaye Greville, LL.D., F. R.S., his strength lies in taking not a metaphysical, but a com

&c. One volume, 8vo. Edinburgh. MacLachlan and mon sense view of the question; and he is particularly

Stewart. 1830. Pp. 215. fond of inviting his antagonist to try the truth of Christianity by the same rules which reason would apply to a It is but of late years that the plants belonging to the parallel case, regarding any indifferent question of ordi- class Cryptogamia (the 24th of Linnæus) have been carenary life. This, after all, is the proper method of treat- fully investigated by botanists ; but they seem likely to ing the subject ; and we should think it the most likely yield a rich harvest to those who engage in the search, as way of making the Deist ashamed of his own unreason they appear within an ace of equalling in numbers the ableness; or, at all events, of preventing others from remaining twenty-three classes put together. Cryptolistening to his objections. Our author carefully avoids, gamic plants differ from those of the other classes, both however, making any concession which would compro- in their structure and reproductive organs. In structure, mise the dignity of his cause, or the truth of any doctrine the great majority of them are simply cellular ; and, in which the orthodox creed acknowledges; the complaisance respect to their reproductive organs, they are destitute of which has received our praise goes no farther than to re stamens and pistils ; while their seeds (designated by bocommend the author's argument by a candour of reasoning, tanists sporules) have, unlike the seeds of other plants, and a total absence of offensive language, more honoura- the power of striking root indifferently from any part of ble to himself, and more likely to benefit his cause, than their surface. if he had shown himself a skilful master of the acrimoni Botanists have now established twelve orders--forming ous abuse which has frequently distinguished and disgraced so many natural families_under which the different theological controversy. In reading Dr Inglis's volume, ) Cryptogamic plants are distributed, Of these, one of we conceive ourselves to be listening not to the ingenious the most important and interesting is the order Algepleading of a talented advocate, who unduly aggravates a class which includes, along with some others, all the every circumstance that seems to favour his cause, while plants commonly known under the denomination of seahe mentions slightly, or keeps altogether out of view, weeds. For an account of their importance, in an ecowhatever would militate against it; but to the upright nomical point of view, we refer our readers to an abstract judge, who has honestly made up his opinion from the in our 620 Number, of a very interesting paper read by facts laid before him; and who, in summing up the evi- Dr Greville to a meeting of the Wernerian Society, which dence of the whole case, skilfully, but fairly, directs our we now find forms part of the introduction to his present attention to those points on either side which ought to work. The Algæ are generally aquatic plants, growing influence our judgment and affect our decision.

either in the sea or fresh water. Their roots are fibrous, To the high praise which we feel disposed to bestow -a mere fleshy callous disk, and are, in some species, upon the present work, we think it entitled on the fol- not visible. These plants may be said to be all frondose

, lowing grounds :- Because it enters into a full and fair (the distinct leaves in some species being, from their conconsideration of the evidences of our religion ;-because nexion with the fructification, still called fronds) some it furnishes a complete answer to the deistical objections of them wholly so, whilst others support their frond on a which have been urged against the Christian faith ;--and, stem. Their seeds, named Granules or Sporules, are because this answer is neither couched in difficult language, variously situated ; in some instances they are naked, and nor does it involve any nice distinctions or intricacy of surrounded by an open involucre, or immersed in the argument, which would render it unintelligible to men of frond; in others, they are contained in distinct capsules

; ordinary capacity and limited education. It is—and this or in tubercles, which are either free or immersed in the is its peculiar excellence—a plain exposition of what every frond. In several species, the fructification assumes the intelligent unprejudiced Christian, no matter whether shape of a siliqua or pod. Many species are provided he inhabit a college or a cottage, feels to be (as far as na with vesicles of different forms; the most common o tural evidence is concerned) his apology for believing in which are regular înflations of particular parts of th the gospel of Jesus Christ; and what therefore every sin- frond, filled with air. These are supposed to be of us cere believer must rejoice to find so clearly stated, so ably in keeping the frond afloat. The substance of the Algo illustrated, and so forcibly urged. In our own opinion, is very varied. Some are perfectly membranaceous an the man who can reject the evidences subjected to his view pellucid; others wiry, corneous, and elastic ; while others in Paley's Natural Theology, and Dr Inglis's Vindication again, are coriaceous and subligneous. Almost every gra of the Christian Faith, has a mind inaccessible to rational dation of colour is to be found among them; but the pre argument, and impenetrable to every thing short of the vailing ones are green, red, and brown. irresistible Spirit of Divine grace, to whose gracious in The botanist will find Dr Greville's work, althoug Auence we accordingly recommend him.

modestly professing to confine itself to the Algæ of th We have left ourselves no room for pointing out the British Isles, a source of much more extensive informa faults of this volume, even if we had been successful in tion. It contains, in addition to minute, accurate, an discovering such. Its minor beauties of style, &c., we elegant descriptions (illustrated by coloured plates) of al do not think it necessary to dwell upon, they are suffi- the species native to this country, a Latin synopsis of th ciently obvious. We have been chiefly anxious to direct known genera, with a systematic enumeration of all th the attention of our readers to the higher excellencies of better known species, with authoritative references. Th the volume, partly from a sense of justice towards the au- introduction to the work contains, moreover, a concis thor, but still more from a conviction that the work it-historical notice of the progress of this department of by self is calculated to become eminently and extensively use tanical science ; an account of the geographical distribt ful. With regard to Dr Inglis, we have just to say in tion of the different species; and the remarks alread conclusion, that he is evidently as well acquainted with alluded to on the economical uses of these plants. Ti his Bible as with the Statute Book. His present publi- two last-mentioned discussions contain much that mu cation—we believe that, with the exception of an able be interesting to every cultivated mind. Indeed, we kno pamphlet on the Leslie controversy, it is his only one few subjects, connected with natural science, more il will obtain for him from posterity, a reputation not less teresting than the geography of plants ; and we may honourable, nor less merited as an author, than that well take this opportunity of saying, that we remembe which upon other grounds he enjoys among his own con- few labourers in this department who know so well : temporaries.

our author to steer clear of the perilous extremes of hasi

more,

and superficial generalization on the one hand, or of in- for thousands of minute tribes, and the trunk of a dead ability to rise above mere particular observation on the tree gives birth to millions. We know that we cannot

keep our bread many days without finding its cavities garother. Dr Greville informs us, that in preparing materials for nished with blue mould, shown by the microscope to be

composed of myriads of perfect and beautiful plants. So, this work, his first intention was to do no more than to likewise, with the surface of our cheeses, which not only give a faithful description of the British inarticulated produce the blue mould, so esteemed by many, but several Alge, according to the arrangement of Professor Agardh. Other species of minute furze, of a white, red, or yellow The accumulation of materials, however, beyond what he colour.” had anticipated, and the conviction of the insufficiency of To conclude, this volume contains a very complete the Professor's system, impressed upon him by more alphabetical catalogue of the authors who have written minute enquiry, induced him to alter his plan; and in upon the Algæ, a most necessary appendage to every the book now before us, the merit not only of the indivi- work of the kind; and the illustrative plates are en.

dual descriptions, but of the classification, is justly due to graved and coloured in a masterly style. ? Dr Greville. In forming his genera, Agardh seems to

us to proceed too rigidly on the principle, that the fructification among the Algæ is capable of furnishing as satis-A Collection of Peninsular Melodies. The English words factory characters as among more perfect plants. The by Mrs Hemans, Mrs Norton, John Bowring, Esq.

principle may be correct; but while a vast number of LL.D. and other eminent Poets. The airs compiled 1 Algæ are only known to us in a state destitute of fructi and selected by G. L. Hodges. No. I. London, to fication, it is highly desirable that characters be admitted Goulding and Almaine. Edinburgh. Robertson which may be rendered available in all states of the plant.

and Co. 6 Agardh himself admits several genera, in the total absence · The music of Spain and Portugal,” says the editor of fractification, from habit and structure alone. Nay, of this interesting work, “ has been so generally admired

he has, on the strength of the fructification, referred for the originality of its character and the sweetness of its to the same genus many species, which have but little melody, as to afford frequent occasion of regret that some affinity among themselves. Thus, if the genus Sphæro- adequate specimens have not as yet been selected from it, coccus, as defined by Agardh, be taken as an example, it in order to take that place to which they are so deservedly will be found to contain a great number of plants totally entitled among the melodies of other countries. It is with different in general habit, texture, and structure, -agree- a view of supplying this deficiency that the compiler of ing, or appearing to agree, only in a certain feature of the the present work now offers to the British public some of fructification. Dr Greville never denies that the fructi- the most popular and admired airs, of which he made a

fication is a character of primary importance; but by ta- numerous collection during the late campaigns in the i king into consideration other characters common to each Peninsula.” We look upon this as a lucky idea, and are

group, whether derived from the root, form, colour, tex. inclined to think very favourably of the manner in which | ture, or substance, he has rendered his principle of classi- it is to be carried into execution, from the specimen now

fication far more easily applicable. By conducting his ex- before us. We have bere fifteen new songs, all of which are amination of the Alge, in the first instance, according to

more or less beautiful, and through which there breathes the apparent affinities, independent of the fructification, the fine chivalric and romantic spirit of old Spain. Sevehe has been led to characters in this feature which were ral of the airs are in the highest degree energetic and origipreviously overlooked, and which enabled him so to subdi- nal, and almost all the accompaniments are exceedingly vide some of the genera, as to make the general, or prima skilfully arranged. The words, especially those by our facie characters, go along with those taken from the fruit. favourite, Mrs Hemans, are admirable. We are sorry By this means, also, he has found himself under the ne- that we can afford room for no more than three specimens, cessity of restoring some of the original genera of La- As there are only two copies of the work in Edinburgh, mouroux, abolished with too little ceremony by Professor the poetry is as yet nearly as good as manuscript: Agardh. It may be as well to reward the patience of the reader,

THE MOORISH GATHERING-SONG. who has accompanied us through this detail, with a spe

By Mrs Hemans. eimen of the amiable tone of moral reflection, by means “ Chains in the cities! gloom in the air! of which our author knows to enhance the interest of his Come to the hills! fresh breezes are there : subject, and to cast an air of dignity over his favourite

Silence and fear in the rich orange bowersscience :

Come to the rocks, where Freedom hath towers ! “ The botanist finds speculations for the truest philoso

« Come from the Darro !-changed is its tone; phy, in what he used to tread, without reflection, under his feet. He begins to see how admirably plants are adapted

Come where the streams no bondage have known! to every kind of soil and situation, so as to leave no spot ab

Wildly and proudly, foaming, they leap, solutely uncovered. He perceives, perhaps, with all the

Singing of Freedom from steep to steep! vividness of a first impression, that

« Come from Alhambra!-garden and grove
• The bleakest rock upon the loneliest heath

Now may not shelter beauty or love;
Feels in its barrenness some touch of spring ;

Blood on the waters! death 'midst the flowers !
And in the April dew and beam of May,

Only the rock and the spear are ours."
Its moss and lichen freshen and revive.

THE ZEGRI MAID.
“ He finds the most exposed rocks rearing their lichen
Fegetation, scarcely to be distinguished without a magnifier,

By Mrs Hemans. from the surface on which they grow. The trunks of living

- The summer leaves were sighing trees are never without their parasites, and often exhibit a

Around the Zegri maid, miniature botanic garden of mosses and lichens

the most

To her lone sad song replying, rapid and the most sluggish streams-the pure and ice-cold

As it fill'd the olive shade. rivulet of the Alps, down to the turbid canal of the plains

• Alas! for her that loveth -the crystal lake and the stagnant pool; nay, the very hot

Her land's, her kindred's foe! baths of Switzerland and volcanic Geysers of Iceiand,

Where a Christian Spaniard roveth swarm with their peculiar vegetation. The flat and dreary

Should a Zegri's spirit go? shores of the Icy sea, presenting everywhere a level and marshy prospect, are densely carpeted with numerous « From thy glance, my gentle mother! mosses, which, though frozen from season to season, revive

I sink with shame oppress'd; and flourish during their short-lived summer. The decay

And the dark eye of my brother of one plant furnishes an immediate and proper nutriment

Is an arrow to my breast.'

THE BISCAYEN TO HIS MISTRESS.

Where summer leaves were sighing,

of scorching Africa. The breeze died away to a perfect Thus sung the Zegri maid,

calm, and the sails hung loosely against the masts: thunder While the crimson day was dying

followed at a distance. Scarcely had its awful hollow murIn the whispering olive shade.

murings ceased, when the wind came sweeping along the

deep, sudden as the lightning which accompanied it. Our 66 And for this heart's wealth wasted,

ship, not unlike a sea-bird frightened from repose, rushed This woe in secret borne,

through the foaming wave, her wings, extended to the utThis flower of young life blasted,

most, bearing her onwards with an unusually tremolous Should I win back aught but scorn?

rapidity, at once astonishing and alarming. By aught but daily dying

« The seaman's skill was instantly requisite for the preWould my lone truth be repaid ?'

vention of threatened danger. Where summer leaves were sighing,

• Mind your helm ! cried the Captain, loudly and Thus sung the Zegri maid.”

sternly. Nor must we omit to do all justice to Mrs Norton,

• Ay, ay, sir,' replied the helmsman,

Luff, then, luff!' whose truly graceful and feminine genius is only second

• Luff it is, sir, luff!' to that of Mrs Hemans. We are much pleased with the Turn the hands up! following specimen of her talents :

• All hands a-hoy!'
Up and furl the royals and sky-sails !-In stun-sails!

-Down flying-gib and stay-sails ! - Brail up the try-sails !
By Mrs Norton.

-Man the top-gallant clue-lines !-Stand by the imp-gal

lant halyards ! -Let go !-Clue up!-Jib down !-Haul ! « Oh! softly falls the foot of love

-Haul down !'- were the orders given, and accomplished Where those he worships rest,

within a few minutes; and in a few minutes more the More gently than a mother bird,

squall, accompanied with very heavy rain, passed over us; Who seeks her downy nest. And thus I steal to thee, beloved,

but, without these precautions, it would have proved to

much for the Frolic, or perhaps for the stoutest ship that Beneath the dark-blue night;

ever sailed on the ocean.
O come to our unconquer'd hills,
For there the stars are bright.

“ A light breeze succeeded, scarcely sufficient to raise a

gentle curl upon the waves; all sail was again set ; the “ Oh! pleasant 'tis to wander out,

moon, surrounded by the resplendent host of heaven, burst

with augmented lustre from her concealment, and the over. When only thou and I

charged clouds, being now relieved, dispersed into various Are there, to speak our happy thought

forms of different shades and hues, leaving the atmosphere To that far silent sky!

around and above so serene and beautiful, as to excite ar The valleys down beneath are full Of voices and of men;

greater astonishment at the extraordinary suddenpess of the

change, which is by no means unfrequent between the Oh! come to our untrodden hills,

tropics, sometimes occurring several times in the course of They will not tell again.

one night."- Vol. I. p. 19-21.
“ The balmy air may breathe as sweet,

Our second extract contains several
With perfume floating slow;
But here, where thou and I may roam,

ANECDOTES OF SHARKS.
The fresh wild breezes blow;

“ Of the voracious nature of the shark, we have all fra Oh! here each little flow'ret seems

quently heard or read. The following stories on that subTo know that it is free;

ject were related to me this day by the captain and the gunThe winds on our unconquer'd hills

ner of the Frolic, just after they had each caught a young Are full of liberty!"

one, which gave rise to the conversation. When the Diana We look forward with much pleasure to the continua- frigate was lying at anchor off Vera Cruz, one of the mation of this interesting and valuable work.

rines, who was sentry in the stern of the ship, by some accident fell overboard in the night; and the captain, who was in bed at the time, hearing the splash in the water,

jumped up, and, looking out of the stern-galley, asked, Is Travels in Various Parts of Peru ; including a Year's | that a man overboard ? _ Yes, sir, it is me,' said the ma

Residence in Potosi. By Edmond Temple. In two rine. "Well, have you got hold? Are you safe?' said the vols. London. Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. captain. Yes, sir, 1 have hold of the rudder chains; buc 1830.

my musket is gone,' said the marine. •Den your mus.

ket!' said the captain, and ran upon deck to order a boat to We shall review this work, which has just reached be lowered, which, in a man-of-war, is an operation of but Edinburgh, next week; and, in the meantime, we pre- a very few minutes. In the act of lowering the boat, a sent our readers with two amusing extracts from it. The loud shriek was heard, and when the boat's crew went to first is descriptive of

pick up the man, he was not to be seen. Two days after this event, a shark was caught, and hauled on board the

Diana, in the stomach of which was found part of the “ Sunset this evening was truly a splendid sight. The jacket, and a shoe of the unfortunate marine. colours of the sky were different from and more various than

“ The gunner of the Frolic, in the course of the last war, any I had ever before observed

was employed in the enterprise of cutting out a French

frigate, in which one of his comrades lost a leg, and in a Outrying some the rose, And some the violet, yellow, and white, and blue,

few days died, when, as is customary on board ship, he

was sewn up in his hammock with a heavy weight in it, Scarlet, and purpling red.

commonly a couple of 24-pound shot. Scarcely 20 minutes The clouds, too, assumed a form, a tinge, and a magnitude, had elapsed after the body had been committed to the deep, in their masses, that excited the admiration of all on board. when the hammock and bedding of the deceased were seen No sooner had the sun, in a dazzling blaze, sunk beneath floating round the ship, torn to pieces; it is unnecessary to the sea, than the moon shone forth with a brilliancy quite add who, or what, had so soon robbed them of their conunusual to us of northern climes. Our ship, with all sail tents. set, was gliding silently over the rippled surface of the ocean, There is no fish so easily caught as the shark, and none at the rate of two or three knots an hour, when, in a few perhaps more difficult to deprive of life. It is really asto. minutes, all was changed. The wide expanse of burnished nishing to see their exertions with both jaws and tail, long gold, which replaced the setting sun, faded suddenly away, after they have been opened, their intestines and other visthe moon withdrew her trembling beams, and the clouds, ceræ cut out, and the skin stripped from the body, forming into one dense black mantle, overspread the firma “ A few years ago, the master of a ship on board which I ment, and, to our view, enveloped the whole universe in now am, caught a shark so large, that to avoid accidents in darkness. How sudden !' What a change !' was the hauling him on board to kill him, they cut him open alongside; exclamation of every voice, when a flash of lightning at- and he assured me, that after cutting him down the middle, tracted all eyes towards the east, just over the barren coast from the jaws to the tail, and thoroughly cleaning him, they

A SQUALL OFF THE CAPE VERD ISLANDS.

ance.

hoisted him up to the fore-yard arm, where he hung up notice of our readers a paper “ On peculiar noises occawards of an hour. (Le vrai peut quelquefois n'etre pas sionally heard in particular districts, with some further le vraisemblable.) He was then taken down and hauled on

remarks on the causes of such sounds;"--an enquiry conboard, where he lay stretched along the deck, to all appear. ance dead as a herring! but he soon exhibited symptoms of nected with the old stories of the musical statue of Membeing still a shark, by snapping at any person that approached non, the airy“ tongues which syllable men's names,” and his head; and at last, a boy passing heedlessly by, the ani- all that class of vague sensations from which fancy draws mal made a desperate effort towards him with extended her dreamiest and most plausible imaginings of a spiritual jaws, and would inevitably have seized him, had not one of world. There are also communications on isolated questhe sailors, who perceived the boy's danger, pushed him tions of chemistry from Professor Bonsdorff, Dr Davy, away. After this, they were obliged to have recourse to a common practice upon killing these monsters, that of put, Mr Walker Arnott ;-of Zoology, from our learned and

and others ;—of Botany, from Professor Graham, and ting across the jaws a crow-bar, or any other substantial implement, capable of preventing mischief. The only ob-able friend Mr James Wilson, who, in his anxiety to have servation I have to make on my story is, that it is faith as much of the animal kingdom under his inspection as fully repeated.

possible, adds—to the proposal made by him in one of his “Notwithstanding all the atrocities of these formidable recent communications to the Wernerian Society, to imcreatures, and the inveterate hatred that is shown to them, port some additional species of game into this country, (a their tiesh is not always despised; to a sea appetite it is sometimes a luxury, and there are few sailors who have caught suggestion for which, as gourmands, we are bound to

thank him)-the rather less reasonable project of bringsharks that have not also made a hearty meal upon them. The two we caught this morning, one about four feet, the ing in a host of butterflies and moths, with all their vå. other about three feet long, being young and delicate, were rieties of grubs and caterpillars, to the evident detriment reserved for the cabin ; and it was agreed, without one dis- of all gardens, table-cloths, and old ladies. Though last, senting voice, that the dish of shark served up at dinner, not least, we have in this number accurate reports of the was as good a dish of tish as ever was eaten : it was cut into four first lectures of a series now delivering by Cuvier in slices, something like crimped cod, and fried; but I posi- Paris, “ On the history of the natural sciences.” tively considered it better in every respect than any cod-fish I bad ever tasted."-Vol. i. p. 28-31.

The first article in Dr Brewster's Journal-(by the We shall follow Mr Temple into Peru, and consider way, it seems etiquette among our scientific brethren to

commence with something light and popular, on the same his doings there, next Saturday.

principle, we presume, tbat fencers are bound,“ tirer les

honneurs," before setting-to in earnest)—the first article Tie Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal. Conducted is an interesting account of a visit to Berzelius, the cele

brated Swedish chemist, by Mr J. Johnston, which conby Robert Jameson, Regius Professor of Natural His

veys a vivid and pleasing idea of his manners and appear. tory, &c. &c. in the University of Edinburgh. No.

This Number is strong on the subject of physical XVI. January-April, 1830. Edinburgh. Adam Black.

geography. There is an interesting notice of the islands

Procida and Ischia, by James D. Forbes, Esq. ; an acThe Edinburgh Journal of Science. Conducted by David

count of an excursion to the Diamond District in Brazil, Brewster, LL.D. No. IV. New Series. April, by MM. Martius and Spix ; and “ a general view of the 1830. Edinburgh. Thomas Clark.

scientific researches recently carried on in the Russian Both of these periodicals are sufficiently known to ren Empire,” by Humboldt; in which that illustrious nader it unnecessary, as it would be presumptuous, for us turalist takes occasion, as usual, to promulgate the most to characterise them. All that we profess to do is, to comprehensive and elevated principles of scientific invesenumerate the most interesting discussions contained in tigation. In the department of geology, we have an abeach of the numbers now before us. In performing this stract of a memoir, by a French naturalist, “ On the task, we are only making a slight addition to the view wbich Fossil Bones of St Prival d'Allior,” and upon the basalwe attempt to give of the scientific industry of Edinburgh, tic district in which they have been discovered ; and some in our reports of the proceedings of the Royal and other additions to the history of the Fossil Elk of Ireland, by Societies.

Dr Hibbert. In the department of comparative anatomy, Having a great veneration for age, we commence with there is an outline of Dr Knox's Theory of HermaphroProfessor Jameson's, which is the senior Journal. The ditism. Perhaps the most striking communications, for present Number begins with an interesting memoir of Count the mere general reader, are two curious and well-authenRumford, from the French of Baron Cuvier. Any thing ticated instances of Spectral Illusion :-one, in which it from the pen of that distinguished philosopher must ne operated on the organs of hearing as well as of sight cessarily be interesting; and he has here, within very another, in which nothing but the fulfilment of the augury brief limits, shown us a man whom we had been ac was a-wanting, in order to entitle it to rank among the customed to view in connexion with no higher matters examples of the second-sight. Simple as its details are, than soup and patent stoves, in his relations to the this latter is the most puzzling case of spectral illusion science and institutions and social convulsions of the age. that we have met with. We must pass over in silence a The next article of special interest is by the editor, great number of interesting experiments and demonstra" On the relative ages of the different European chains tions, of which we could give only a bare catalogue, most of mountains;" in which a theory of their formation, tantalizing to the reader. novel to us, and at first not a little startling, although we think satisfactorily established, is propounded. Subor dinate to this is an able article by our amiable and clear

Remarks occasioned by Mr Moore's Notices of Lord = headed friend, Professor Hausmann of Göttingen, “ On

Byron's Life. the geographical characters and geognostical constitution This is a small pamphlet of eight pages, from the pen, of Spain,” worthy the attention not only of the naturalist, or at least published under the sanction, of Lady Byron. but of the student of military and statistical matters. We were favoured, on Monday last, with the earliest copy Connected with the same class of enquiries, is a paper which reached Edinburgh, but as it has since appeared “ On the heights of the most remarkable summits of in the London, and has been thence very generally transthe Cordillera of the Andes in Peru.” From these sub- ferred to the Edinburgh and other provincial newspajects the transition is easy to the paper “ On the height pers, we deem it unnecessary to do more than subjoin a of the perpetual snows on the Cordilleras of Peru;" and brief abstract of the contents. thence to Professor Kupper's investigation respecting the The introductory paragraph contains a statement of mean temperature of the atmosphere and the earth in Lady Byron's motives for coming before the public at all, soine parts of East Russia.” We next recommend to the by which it appears, that having hitherto disregarded the

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