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the German blasen, to blow; because a trumpet used to be ecuted it with great ability. We may mention in conblown at justs, &c., previously to the heralds recording the clusion, that not only are definitions given of the differ. achievements of the knights.'
ent sciences, but short historical essays, very distinctly Cards._“ Pieces of pasteboard, of an oblong figure and different sizes, made into packs of 52 in number, and used, written, are added, which serve to show the progress of by way of amusement, in different games. They are paint- arts and science from the earliest periods to the present ed with various figures, namely, hearts, spades, diamonds, time. clubs, and kings and queens. They are said to have been introduced in the fourteenth century, to divert Charles VI., National Portrait Gallery of Illustrious and Eminent Per. King of France, who had fallen into a state of melancholy. By the hearts, cours, were meant the gens de cheur, choir.
sonages of the Nineteenth Century. With Memoirs, men, or ecclesiastics, instead of which the Spaniards use cha
by William Jerdan, Esq. London. Fisher, Son, and lices. The spades, in Spanish, espadas, swords, were intend Co., &c.
11 Numbers. 1830. ed to represent the nobility, who wore swords or pikes.
Since we last noticed this excellent popular work, which The diamonds, or carreaux, designated the order of citizens or merchants. The trefle, trefoil leaf, or clover grass, was
appears regularly in monthly numbers, the editorship bas an emblem of the husbandman ; this is called clubs with us,
been transferred from Mr Stebbing, whose other avocabecause the Spaniards have bastos, clubs, on their cards. tions obliged him to resign it, to Mr Jerdan of the Lone The knaves represent the servants of the knights. The four don Literary Gazette. The engravings continue to be kings were intended for David, Alexander, Cæsar, and beautifully executed, (with the exception,' by the by, of Charlemagne, who established the four great monarchies of Dugald Stewart in No. 11,) and the memoirs are written the Jews, Greeks, Romans, and Franks. The four queens in a distinct and agreeable style. In reference to this were supposed to represent Argine, i. e. regina, the queen work, we avail ourselves of the following remarks from by descent, Esther, Judith, and Pallas. The moulds or blocks used for making cards, were exactly like those which our ingenious contemporary, the Dublin Literary Gawere shortly afterwards used in the making of books.". zette :-“ We cannot conceive a more pleasing occasional
Chiltern HUNDREDS.—“A hilly district of Bucking- hour's occupation, than in turning over the leaves of a hamshire, which has belonged to the crown from time im- volume of this kind, and making ourselves intimate with memorial, having the office of Steward of the Chiltern Hun- the most characteristic of all autographs of eminent men dreds attached to it. By the acceptance of this office, any Member of Parliament is enabled to vacate his seat, and is
-the unerring index which mind has given of itself in obliged to do it in this manner; that is, in the usual phrase, the countenance. An examination of this sort, if we • accept the Chiltern Hundreds. »
have ourselves a physiognomical perception, will satisfy u CINQUE Ports.—“ The tive ancient ports on the east coast that there is truth in Lavater ; for, however weak and unof England, opposite to France; namely, Dover, Hastings, decided the physiognomical expression of character may be Hithe, Romney, and Sandwich; to which are added, as in the case of minds of little eminence, those of great vi. appendages, Rye and Winchelsea. They have particular privileges, and are within the jurisdiction of the Constable gour and power are invariably strongly marked and his of Dover Castle, who, by his office, is called Warden of the torical. If the reader doubts the fact, let him turn te Cinque Ports.”
the portraits of Benjamin West, the painter, Sir Humphry Copyright (in Law).-" The exclusive right of printing Davy, Doctor Woolaston, Bishop Heber, and some other and publishing copies of any literary performance, which is in this volume, and then look at those of the Duke of now confirmed by statute, to authors or their publishers, B. and others of the nobility. He will at once perfor a certain number of years, that is to say, for twenty-ceive the difference to which we allude. The latter look ex eight years in all cases, whether the author survive that pe- tremely well for Lords, but their heads would not do a riod or not; and to the end of the author's life, if he live all for great philosophers, painters, or poets. These form beyond that period ; besides, as an action lies to recover damages for pirating the new corrections and additions to
a class of nobility, holding their titles by a patent highe an old work, publishers may acquire almost a perpetual in. yet than even majesty itself. . Of seven peasants,' sair terest in a work, by republishing it with additions and an- Henry of-the-six-wives, • I could make seven lords, bu notations."
of seven lords I could not make one Holbein'-nor o Echo.“ sound reflected or reverberated from some
seven kings either, he might have added_and yet Holbeir body, and thence returned or repeated to the ear. Echoing bodies may be so contrived as to repeat the echo several
was hardly a first-rate painter.” times. At Milan, there is said to be an echo, which reiterates the report of a pistol 56 times; and if the report be exceedingly loud, the reiteration will exceed that number.
Adventures in the Rifle Brigade in the Peninsula, France The celebrated echo at Woodstock, in Oxfordshire, repeats and the Netherlands, from 1809 to 1815. By Captain the same sound fifty times. But the most singular echo J. Kincaid. 8vo. Pp. 351. London. T. and W hitherto spoken of is that near Roseneath, a few miles from Boone. 1830. Glasgow. If a person, placed at a proper distance from this echo, plays eight or ten notes of a tune with a trumpet, This is an excellent and amusing book; and althoug! they are correctly repeated by the echo, but a third Jower; it neither gives, nor pretends to give, lessons in strategy after a short pause, another repetition is heard in a lower or a true history of the great operations of our armie
: tone; and then, after another interval, a third repetition
we hold it to be a very instructive work. Napier, it i follows, in a still lower tone.'
Habeas CORPUs.—“A writ which may be made use of true, continues to be our text-book in the art of war by the Courts at Westminster for removing prisoners to
but even in his work there is something awanting, some answer any cause, as a Habeas Corpus ad respondendum, thing which a due attention to historical etiquette pre ad satisfaciendum, &c. ; but the most celebrated writ of vents his conveying to us. He shows most satisfactoril this kind is that of Habeas Corpus ad subjiciendum, which the talents of our generals, and the morale of our army a man who is, or supposes himself to be, aggrieved by an but there is an insight into its composition which he can unlawful imprisonment, may have out of the King's Bench, not give us, and which, indeed, nothing can give but directed to the person detaining him, and commanding him wide personal acquaintance with military men, and lot to produce the body of the prisoner, to submit to, or receive, whatever the court shall consider in that behalf. This
writ of volumes like the present. was founded on the common law, and secured by many sta
The rifle brigade was among the bravest regiments i tutes, particularly that of the 31st Charles II. which is, by in an army where all were brave. And well it migh distinction, called the Habeas Corpus Act."
be so, if custom have any effect in confirming disposition We do not say that all the definitions and explanations naturally valiant ; for from 1809 to 1815 it was scarcel are equally interesting with those quoted above, and we ever out of hearing of musket-shot; and during the whol could point out several particulars where we think there of the Peninsular war it was constantly in advance of th is room for improvement in a second edition ; but, on the army, “ feeling for the enemy,”—by no means the mos whole, we are satisfied that Mr Crabb, the ingenious edi- pleasing kind of groping in the dark. A competent judg tor of this work, has hit upon a very happy idea, and ex- has said of this regiment -" I never saw such skirmisher
as the ninety-tifth, now the rifle brigade. They could do as, had our late worthy disciplinarian, Sir David Dundas, the work much better, and with infinitely less loss, than himself been looking on, I think that even he would have
admitted that he never saw any one stand so fiercely upright any other of our best light troops. They possessed an
as I did behind mine, while the balls were rapping into it individual boldness, a mutual understanding, and a quick in taking advantage of the ground, which, posite side, not to mention the numbers that were whistling
as fast as if a fellow had been hammering a nail on the op-taken altogether, I never saw equalled. They were, in past, within the eighth of an inch of every part of my body, fact, as much superior to the French volligeurs, as the both before and behind, particularly in the vicinity of latter were to our skirmishers in general. As our regi- nose, for which the upper part of the tree could barely afment was often employed in support of them, I think I ford protection.” am fairly qualified to speak of their merits."
The Captain must be a sensible man, for his opinion Yet this very regiment, when it landed in Portugal, of the Duke of Wellington exactly coincides with our consisted almost entirely of boyish recruits. “ Lord Welcown: lington's retreat upon the lines of Torres Vedras," says
“ From the moment I joined the army, so intense was our author, “was a measure that ultimately saved the my desire to get a look at this illustrious chief, that I never
could have forgiven the Frenchman that had killed me becountry, though ruinous and distressing to those concern- fore I had effected it. My curiosity did not remain long ed, and on no class of individuals did it bear harder than ungratified; for, as our post was next the enemy, I found, on our own little detachment, a company of rosy-cheeked, when any thing was to be done, it was his also. He was chubby youths, who, after three months' feeding on ship's just such a man as I bad figured in my mind's eye; and I dumplings, were thus thrust, at a moment of extreme ac- thought that the stranger would betray a grievous want of tivity, in the face of an advancing foe, supported by a penetration who could not select the Duke of Wellington pound of raw beef, drawn every day fresh from the bul- from amid five hundred in the same uniform.” Again he
“ We anxiously longed for the return of Lord Wel. lock, and a mouldy biscuit.” It is really wonderful what lington, as we would rather see his long nose in the fight a couple of camprigns and such training made out of these than a reinforcement of ten men any day.” fellows. Speaking of a review in May, 1813, as the
The following is a specimen, which occurred at Victoarmy was about to break up from winter quarters, “ It ria, of the Duke's omnipresence in the fight, and the efdid one's very heart good,” says our author again, “ to fect of his slightest word : look at our battalion that day, seeing each company stand “ One of their shells burst immediately under my nose, ing a bundred strong, and the intelligence of several cam- part of it struck my boot and stirrup-iron, and the rest of paigos stamped on each daring, bronzed countenance, it kicked up such a dust about me, that my charger refused which looked you boldly in the face, in the fulness of to obey orders; and while I was spurring, and he was carigour and confidence, as if it cared neither for man nor pering, I heard a voice behind me, which I'knew to be Lord
Wellington's, calling out, in a tone of reproof, · Look to devil."
keeping your men together, sir ;' and though, God knows, Captain Kincaid starts upon the following principle : I had not the remotest idea he was within a mile of me at
Every man may write a book for himself, if he likes, the time, yet so sensible was I that circumstances warrantbut this is mine; and as I borrow no man's story, neither ed his thinking that I was a young officer cutting a caper, will I give any man a particle of credit for his deeds, as I by way of bravado, before him, that worlds would not have have got so little for my own that I have none to spare. tempted me to look round at the moment.” Neither will I mention any regiment but my own, if I can After crossing the Garonne, a party of Spaniards were possibly avoid it. With regard to regiments, however, I beaten back in attempting to storm the heights, and rebeg to be understood as identifying our old and gallant as treated farther than military etiquette admits of. sxiates, the forty-third and titty-second, as a part of our only remark Lord Wellington is said to have made on selves; for they bore their share in every thing, and I love their conduct, after waiting to see whether they would then as I hope to do my better halt, (when I come to be stand after they got out of reach of the enemy's shot, was, divided.) Wherever we were, they were; and although the nature of our arms generally gave us more employment in Well, d—n me if ever I saw ten thousand men run á the way of skirmishing, yet, whenever it came to a pinch, race before.'” One story more, and we have done : “ I independent of a suitable mixture of them among us, we had was told that while Lord Wellington was riding along only to look behind to see a line in wbich we might place a the line under a fire of artillery, and accompanied by a degree of confidence, almost equal to our hopes in heaven; numerous staff, a brace of greyhounds, in pursuit of a nor were we ever disappointed.”
hare, passed close by him. Ile was at the moment in earnest The consequence of this doughty resolution not to go conversation with General Carstairs ; but the instant he beyond his own last is, that, before we finish the book, I observed them he gave the view hallo, and went after we get as well acquainted with Captain Kincaid, and all them at full speed, to the utter astonishment of his foreign round about him, as if we had made the campaign along accompaniments.” All this is in excellent keeping with with them. We think the Captain worthy of bis regi- the Duke standing with his back to the stove in the House ment, and are at a loss whether we should admire him of Lords, his coat-tails tucked up under his arms, telling most dancing the Highland thing in a cool morning, to some noble lord to speak up. He would be as great a warm himself after a bivouac, or kissing nuns, or criti. man without “this way of his own,” but not half so much rising generals, or hunting pigs, or fighting, or making to our taste. We heartily recommend Captain Kincaid's philosophical remarks, or lying down in a field covered book. with eight inches water, when the word is given “ to make themselves comfortable for the night.” If, however, his picture is to be prefixed to the second edition of Sermons on the Seven Churches in Asia, &c. By the Rev. bis work, we recommend the following passage to the Dr Muir, Minister of St Stephen's Church. Edinartist's attention, as affording a good hint for a striking burgh. Waugh and Innes. Pp. 288. situation : “ Be it known, then, that I was one of a crowd. in publishing this volume, will be answered, if the per
“ One design,” says Dr Muir, in his advertisement, skirmishers who were enabling the French to carry the news of their own defeat through a thick wood, at an in- usal of it shall strengthen this conviction in the minds of fantry canter, when I found myself all at once within a few any, that the Book of Revelation, instead of being emyards of one of their regiments in line, which opened such ployed for the purpose of exercising curiosity and fanciful a tire, that had I not, ritleman like, taken instant advantage conjecture, may be read exclusively for a religious and of the cover of a good fir-tree, my name would have, un- moral use." questionably, been transferred to posterity by that night's latter is the most important use which we can make of
Agreeing as we do with Dr Muir, that this gazette. And, however opposed it may be to the usual system of drill, I will maintain, from that day's experience, the Apocalypse, we take the present opportunity of saythat the cleverest method of teaching a recruit to stand at ing a word or two about a class of expositors, whose wriattention, is to place him behind a tree and fire balls at hiin :: tings on this diflicult portion of Scripture we are inclined
to consider as singularly injudicious and unprofitable. experience and from analogy, the causes which contribute We allude to those prophets, of whom the Rev. Edward to the formation of such particular character, and the proIrving is the modern representative, who, seeking to be per means for establishing a good, confirming an uncerwise above what is permitted, have devoted much time, tain, and shaking off a drowsy and ungodly, habit of and no inconsiderable talents, to a vain attempt at unveil- mind. We forbear making any extracts from a volume, ing futurity by fanciful glosses on the mysterious visions which is less remarkable for containing brilliant passages of the inspired apostle. We say a vain attempt, because than for its general good sense; but we heartily commend we consider the legitimate use of prophecy to be this,– the volume itself to the perusal of all whose taste has not to prepare us in a general way for the future manifesta- been so much vitiated as to make them reject the plain, tions of God's providence,—to sustain the constancy of wholesome doctrines of religion, as applicable to the comsaints by shadowing out to them the general features, the mon business of life, and the formation of the Christian trials, the prosperity, and the final triumph of the church, character. —and to furnish, as soon as the prefigured events shall have Nevertheless, we have somewbat against Dr Muir. actually come to pass, incontrovertible proof of His autho- | It is this,—that, although his style is, in general, correct, rity by whom they were revealed, and of the truth of that and his composition elegant, his book is sometimes disrevelation with which they are inseparably connected. Iftigured with affected prettinesses of expression, and an we look to the Old Testament prophecies concerning our ambition of language, which displeases because it is unSaviour, we shall find that they were calculated to serve necessary, and is obviously a straining at effect. We are this very purpose; to us, these prophecies are clear as the less disposed to tolerate these violations of good taste noon-day, and even a child can trace their pointed appli- in the present instance, because we understand that, to cation to our Saviour's character, and their striking ac- the virtues of an amiable and pious mind, Dr Muir unites, complishment in the circumstances of his life, and death, in an eminent degree, the accomplishments of the distinand resurrection : and yet to the Jewish doctors these guished scholar. very prophecies were so difficult, as to give rise to themries as unsound, and as absurd, as the speculations of the Millennium doctors of our own day. But we not only hold On Financial Reform. By Sir Henry Parnell, Bart., that the prophecies of the Apocalypse were not meant to M.P. London, John Murray. 1830. be fully understood before they were accomplished, and therefore, that it is idle to speculate about particular time, It is really ludicrous to observe the desponding appre and place, and circumstance, and special character, in re- hensions avowed by certain individuals regarding the pregard to them; but we maintain farther, that even if we sent state of the country. Ignorant of historical facts, were able to ascertain all these points satisfactorily, still and of the true maxims of economic science, they mistakt it would be wasting our time unprofitably, and using the temporary interruptions for confirmed symptoms of de Revelation of God unworthily, to occupy ourselves in the cline; and, of course, whenever the country emerge: idlest of all human employments, prying into a future from its difficulties,-—which must eventually happen,which does not concern us, while we necessarily sacritice they will ascribe those consequences to supernatural agency to this silly curiosity some of our valuable opportunities which can be accounted for on the most ordinary principle of progressing in actual holiness. What is it to us whe- of supply and demand. To such persons we recomment ther or not Mr Edward Irving is to lead the saints at the the perusal of Sir Henry Parnell's work, in which they wil battle of Armageddon ? We speak seriously when we say, find not only a satisfactory solution of their doubts, bu that we think it quite as legitimate a subject of curiosity an able exposition of some of the most intricate question to speculate on the probability of his wearing, upon that connected with Financial Reform. Yet, gratified as w occasion, the outrageous costume in which he made his have been with the general character of the present work appearance last year at the General Assembly. Scrip- there is one part of it to which we cannot altogether as ture has been given for a much nobler purpose than gratifying the impertinent curiosity of idle dreamers; and we Our author frequently overlooks the distinction be do not think that a Christian minister employs his own tween the primary or apparent, and the real or ultimati time, or the time of his congregation, profitably or pro- incidence of taxes. Judging from Sir Henry's statement: perly, in broaching theories, however ingenious, upon a we might be apt to conclude, that the tax on a commo subject which has been designedly wrapped up in mys-dity fell, not on the consumer, but the producer. Thi tery, and with regard to which he must be as ignorant as is, however, erroneous. No doubt the producer osten the least learned of his hearers,
sibly pays the tax, and by him it is conveyed into th From the speculations of such prophets, we willingly treasury. But so truly does it emanate from the cousu turn our attention to the modest and practical volume be- mer, that whenever his wealth no longer permits, or hi fore us. Dr Muir was already known to us by his pub- inclination no longer prompts him to purchase the con lic reputation as a judicious and very popular preacher; modity, the trade ceases, and the tax remains uppait and these Sermons on the Seven Churches prove, that his Suppose, therefore, that the producer be possessed of popularity rests upon a better foundation than the unin- certain capital, a fourth part of which he has to advanı telligible flights and dangerous mysticism by which some for the tax, of course a fourth less of the commodity wi of our modern pulpit orators have acquired a high repu- be produced. Still, however, the replacing power, whic tation. We do not mean to say, however, that these Ser originally met the whole, now meeting the remainir. mons are distinguished either by much novelty or depth three-fourths, the price is increased just in proportion of thought;—this is not their character ; but we conceive the whole amount of the deficiency, or, in other word that we bestow on them much higher, as well as juster, by the whole amount of the tax. So long, therefore, praise, when we say that, in pure evangelical doctrine the producer determines to maintain the same standard we think them unexceptionable, and that they point out enjoyments after, as previous to, the imposition of the ta our duty so clearly, and enforce it with so much justice we contend that, while the supply of the commodity mi of reasoning and felicity of illustration, that we can safely diminish, the price must increase, and the tax be levi recommend them to the public as practical and useful. from the consumer. Dr Muir dwells at no great length on the history and With these very hasty remarks, we recommend S circumstances of the Asiatic Churches, which were the Henry Parnell's work to the attentive perosal of oz immediate objects of the Apostle's address; his principal readers. One great merit of the book is, that, in genera design is, to consider the characters given of the Seven its conclusions proceed, not on mere vague speculation, b Churches, as belonging to individuals or classes of pro- on that sound practical analysis which ought ever to reg fessing Christians in our own day; and to illustrate, by late our investigations of financial reform.
A Dictionary of the English Language ; with an Intro- | Select Views of the Principal Cities of Europe. Froin ductory Dissertation. By N. Webster, LL.D. In
Original Paintings. By Lieut.-Colonel Batty, F.R.S. 2 volumes, 4to. Publishing in Parts. Part I. Lon London. Moon, Boys, & Graves. Part 1. January, don : Black, Young, and Young. Edinburgh: Tho 1830.-Oporto. Imperial 4to. mas Clark. 1830.
This is one of the most splendid works of art in the 'This is a work which is held in great estimation in landscape department which has yet appeared in this America, where it originally appeared, under the superin- country. The first Part, now before us, contains six tendence of Dr Webster; and a new edition of it now is different views of the town of Oporto and the surroundabout to be published in this country. Three of its leading ing scenery, engraved in the most rich, clear, and elaboobjects are to exhibit,—1st, The origin and affinities of rate style, from paintings which, though we have not every English word, as far as they have been ascertained, seen the originals, evidently entitle Colonel Batty to be with its primary signification as now generally establish- ranked along with our Turners and Thomsons. The ed ;-20, The orthography and the pronunciation of views are all taken from the most advantageous situations, Words, as sanctioned by reputable usage, and, wbere this and include a great variety of remarkable and interesting usage is divided, as determinable by a reference to the points. To identify the views in the recollection of those principle of analogy;—and 3d, Accurate and discrimi- to whom the places and scenes may be familiar, and, as nating definitions of technical and scientific terms, with far as practicable, to convey a similar pleasing familiarity numerous authorities and illustrations. We can easily to those who have not visited them, the Colonel has given, conceive that a prejudice may exist in this country against in addition, slight etchings of each view, in which the an English Dictionary emanating from America ; but we different objects are numbered, corresponding with margihave every reason to believe that Dr Webster is well qua- nal references, and which thus serve as keys to the finishlified for the task he has undertaken. This Iutroductory ed engravings. This is an excellent plan, and gives to Dissertation on the origin, history, and connexion of the the different scenes, independent of the beauty of their languages of Western Asia and of Europe, proves bim to execution, quite a panoramic interest. Among the differbe a scholar of no mean attainments; whilst we are aware ent engravers employed for this splendid work, we are from other sources that he is an acute thinker, and a most glad to see the naine of Mr William Miller of this city, Laborious investigator. We do not doubt that the work, who ranks second to none of his profession. Views of dow in course of publication, will be found an important Gibraltar, two of which we have seen, and wbich are addition to philology.
equally brilliant as those of Oporto, will form the subject
of the second Part. The Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus. By
Washington Irving. (Abridged by the same.) eing Characteristic Sketches of Animals. Drawn from the Life, the Family Library, No. XI. London. John Mur and engraved by Thoinas Landseer. London. Moon, ray. 1830.
Boys, & Graves. Parts I. and II. 1830. Royal 4to. Me Murray could not bave made a more acceptable
This work consists of engravings executed by Mr addition to his Family Library than his present work, Thomas Landseer, from his own drawings, of rare or which is purely and classically written, and is replete beautiful animals, now existing in the principal collections with interest. As the larger edition of the Life of Co- of France and England. It is appropriately dedicated to lumbus has been before the public for some time, and has the Zoological Society of London. The name of Land. already taken its ground, it would be a work of supere-seer is in itself a tower of strength, and insures the accurogation to enter into any detailed criticism of the con
racy, distinctness, and vigour of the different Sketches. tents.
Neither the natural historian nor the amateur could place
his favourite subject in better hands; and when, in addiAn Account of the Ship Life Boat. By James Mather, tion, we consider the well-written letter-press descriptions
Esq. Second Edition. Edinburgh. Adam Black. which accompany the different engravings, it would be 1830.
most unfair not to acknowledge that this is a work of Or the various plans for the important object of saving great utility and value. human life in cases of shipwreck, we regard the one proposed in the ingenious pamphlet before us, as the most
Fine Arts-New ENGRAVINGS.— The Chelsea Pensioners simple, cheap, and efficacious. The expedient it suggests,
reading the Gazette after the Battle of Waterloo. is merely that every ship should carry on board a boat
The Scottish Wedding. so constructed as to combine the qualities of a life boat Alexander Innes, Esq. Provost of Elgin. 1828. and an ordinary long boat. In this case the crew would not be left to the chance of assistance from the shore, as We have at this moment before us the only etching they are by the inventions of Captains Manby, Greathead, yet in Scotland of an engraving, now in progress, of Wil. and Wouldham. Besides, it is evident, that when vessels kie's celebrated painting of the “ Chelsea Pensioners readare driven ashore, the wind and sea must frequently be in- ing the Gazette.” Although by no means in a finished surmountable obstacles in attempting to put out to their state, enough has been done to convince us that the enrelief; while, on the contrary, they must be in an inverse graver, Mr J. Burnet, has been most successful in catchratio favourable to boats from the wreck. In order too ing the spirit of the original, and in preserving that rich that the Life Boat may more easily get clear of the ship individuality of character which distinguishes the different in a stormy sea, a simple and ingenious launching appara- persons introduced, and makes Wilkie the facile princeps tus is proposed to accompany it; and of this, as well as of of this department of painting. The print is of a large the boat itself, a drawing and description are given by size, admitting of ininute and distinct detail, and there Mr Mather. The expense of both frame and boat, it can be no doubt that it will obtain a very wide circulation seems; does not amount to L. 10, the cost of an ordinary as soon as published.—The engraving of the Scottish long boat. When it is considered that last year there Wedding, an admirable production, which was exbibited were no less than 408 British vessels lost, 54 of which are here at the last Exhibition in the Royal Institution, is supposed to have foundered at sea, and their crews to have not less successful. It has been intrusted to Mr Stuart, perished, it becomes of importance to give the most serious of this city, who was selected for the task by Mr Wilkie attention to any plan which has for its object the preven- himself, and is evidently determined to show that the tion of such calamities.
contidence reposed in him was not misplaced. It is im.
THE SCOTTISH PSALMODY DEFENDED.
possible to judge of the full effect of engravings from the guarding over them here, who has had them all by heart state in which these two specimens at present are, but we since he was ten years of age ; and what he wants in can safely say, we never saw any works of the kind which erudition and ability, he has in zeal to keep every innopromised better.
vator in due subordination.
It is true, and no person will attempt to deny, that us From Elgin, a copy has reached us of a mezzotint en
some of the verses are antiquated and plain. But that is it graving of Alexander Innes, Esq. Provost of that town,
one of their chief beauties; because these verses only and a gentleman held in universal respect and esteem by have attempted to have made such verses grand, would
occur wbere the original is equally unpoetical; and to those who know him. The print is executed by Henry
only have been a caricature. But wherever the original Dawe of London, from a painting by D. Alexander, and is capable of it, how beautifully simple and sublime they reflects much credit upon both artists.
are! Now, as I never opened the Psalms of Tait and Brady save to despise them, and have our old version al
by heart, I shall just open the former by random, and MISCELLANEOUS LITERATURE.
Very well. Here is the 65th Psalm, from the begioA LETTER FROM YARROW.
“ For thee, O God, our constant praise
In Zion waits thy chosen seat, To the Editor of the Edinburgh Literary Journal.
Our promised altars there we'll raise, [" Who shall decide when doctors disagree?” In common, we
And all our zealous vows complete. doubt not, with many of our readers, we have perused Mr Tennant's O thou who to my humble prayer acute and able criticisms on the different versions of the Psalms with
Didst always lend thy listening ear, the highest pleasure. But if Mr Tennant be entitled to espouse one
To thee shall all mankind repair, side of this question, the Ettrick Shepherd is no less entitled to take up the other; and, as our pages are at all times open to free and fair
And at thy gracious throne appear.” discussion, we cannot say that we regret to see two such worthy champions riding a friendly tilt against each other. The subject.
There's for you, Mr Tennant! There's a correct drav! matter is of importance; and there are no two men living more able for you, of which you seem so much enamoured! Listen to do justice to it in all its bearings.-Ed.]
to the thunder of the old Calvinist : DEAR SIR—What the devil does the amiable and inge
“ Praise waits for thee in Zion, Lord, nious Mr Tennant mean by trying to turn our ancient
To thee vows paid shall be ; Scottish psalmody into ridicule, and, in particular, by da O thou that hearer art of prayer, ring, for his soul, once to compare it with, far less estimate
All flesh shall come to thee." it below, the cold, miserable, correct feeling of Tait and Brady? Tait and Brady, forsooth! Lord help the man ! I declare my old hand shakes as I write this, though Has he so lost all taste for the ancient ardour and simpli- it was merely by random that I opened the book. Where city of the primitive fathers of the Scottish Church, as to is the preponderance there, Mr Tennant? On which side degrade their touching and sublime strains with those of is the pith, the beauty, and the sublimity? Why, the any modern sacred lyrist, far less with the most common one is just like a cold winter sky, and the other a rainplace of them all? It is certainly the strongest dereliction bow; and such is the model you would introduce into from good taste that I ever lamented over in a man whom our church! No, no, Mr Tennant ! Believe me, the simI have always esteemed as one of true genuine feeling. plicity and energy of our primitive psalms suit exactly Indeed, in such estimation do I hold our ancient Scottish our worship, for which they were framed. They are me psalmody, that Mr Tennant's lucubrations have rung dels of one another, even to their blemishes; and sorry in my ears as blasphemy. For my part, I never read would my heart be to see them corrected out of your eleany poetry in my life that affected my heart half so much gant Tait and Brady! I might well then sing the old as those sublime strains of Zion, sung in what I con- song, ceived to be the pure spirit of their ancient simplicity; and the antiquated rhymes and Scotticisms at which Mr
“ Scotlande pe a' turn'd England now." Tennant jeers so much, are to me quite endearing qualities. Suppose, for a further experiment, without turning the Does he really suppose that the Scottish language, as leaf, we try another first verse : spoken or written in the days of James the Sixth, should be conformable to the rules of Lindley Murray ? Fie,
“Lord, thee my God I'll early seek: fie, Mr Tennant! And, moreover, many of the rhymes
My soul doth thirst for thee. which he picks out to turn to ridicule are legitimate
My flesh longs in a dry parch'd land, rhymes to this day-vide Sir Walter Scott.
Wherein no waters be."
And does he make no allowances for the great difference in the pro “ O God, my gracious God, to thee nunciation of two centuries? If he take the old readings, My morning pray's shall offer'd be ; he will find that the very worst rhymes he quotes are For thee my thirsty soul doth pant; quite correct. Does he not know that, even within these My fainting flesh implores thy grace, fifty years, the word imperfect was always sounded imper Within this dry and barren place, file ; and he will hear every old countryman use it, in his Where I refreshing waters want." common discourse, to this day. Where, then, lay the monstrum horrendum of this rhyme?-High was always pro
How do you like this for a change, Mr Tennant? nounced hee; bow, boq; eye, ee ; reign, ring ; so that all Why, notwithstanding that wee antiquated word be, which the rhymes are strictly correct. You had better take care other. Why should any man take a forehammer to break
you carp so beautifully at, the one verse is worth fifty of the Mr Tennant. Touch not, taste not, handle not. What would Sir Walter Scott or Mr Surtees say of a fellow
an egg with, when he can do it with a penknife? who would pull down an ancient and beautiful structure,
Suppose we now turn to a single verse, a particular because some of the shapes of the panes of glass were gone
one, which is generally sung at a death-bed in Scotland : out of fashion ? I can tell you what they would say,
« Into thine hands I do commit That the fellow ought to be hanged. Perhaps you are
My soul, for thou art he, engaged in correcting our ancient psalmody; but again I And thou, JEHOVAH, God of truth, say, take care. These Psalms have an old watchman
That hast redeemed me,"