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The complaint of the Austrian general, Prince Schwart- sincerely that it is to be the last. Our opinion remains unzenburg, that it was impossible to carry on the war pro- changed, that the silly notions of Mr Erskine and his cleperly with so many kings and emperors in the army, was rical friend have attracted more notice than they deserve; justified by the result of the attack upon Dresden. The' but since they have become the subject of “ Letters," grand army was obliged to retreat, over scarcely practi “ Sermons," and " Pamphlets” innumerable, we are cable roads, into Bohemia, hotly pursued by the French. not sorry that a man of real talent like Dr Thomson It was, however, to the mismanagement of the leaders should take the matter in hand, and put an end at once alone, and neither to deficiency in numbers, discipline, nor to this petty warfare. To say that these Sermons conspirit, on the part of the soldiers, that the defeat was ow tain a satisfactory refutation of the doctrine of universal ing. The forces detached by Napoleon under Vandamme pardon, is saying very little; one-third of the texts adduagainst the grand army, and those under Lauriston against ced, and one-tenth part of the reasoning, would have been the army of Silesia, were both repulsed. Napoleon, ad- sufficient for this purpose : what we principally admire vancing in person to direct the operations in Bohemia, in them is the clearness, unhampered with verbiage and discovered the impossibility of making head against such unnecessary ornament, with which the author pursues masses as were now combined against him. Every nerve his argument. But while we readily admit that few men was therefore strained to concentrate the French forces in surpass Dr Thomson in hunting down a petty heresy, and the neighbourhood of Leipzig; and thither also the march also admit that, in the present instance, he is not unsucof the allies was directed, but with a degree of foresight cessful, we regret that he should have published his work taught them by their late experience. With much exer in the shape of sermons. We hold sacred a minister's right tion, and not a little downright scolding on the part of Sir of choosing his subject, and adapting his pulpit discourses Charles Stewart, the Crown Prince of Sweden was to the character and wants of his congregation; we shall brought upon the field. By these means, the French therefore not enquire whether it was judicious in the Rearmy was fairly hemmed in by its foes; and, to add to verend Doctor to bring this controversy into the pulpit at its disasters, a large body of Saxons, who had long been all; but we have a right to enquire whether, in bringing the murmuring at the necessity of fighting against their coun- subject before the literary public, he has not done injury trymen, went over to the allies as soon as they had taken to his argument by adopting this particular form, and their station. On the 18th of October, the “ Battle of whether he has not, at the same time, given us a very bad the Nations" was stricken on the fields of Leipzig, and model of sermon writing ? We humbly conceive that he the good fortune of Napoleon was beaten down, never has done both. The flippancy that might amuse us, and more to arise.

the acrimony of sarcasm that we might consider as parThe Emperor of the French led off his troops in hot donable, in a controversial pamphlet, disgust us in a serhaste over the bleak mountains of Thuringia, with the mon. We do not accuse Dr Thomson of inexcusable harsbimpetuous and implacable Blucher close upon bis rear. ness either of sentiment or expression ; we have met with To add to their discomfiture, it was now ascertained that nothing of this kind in a pretty careful perusal of his book; Bavaria and Wirtemburg had joined the good cause. but we meet with a great deal in his peculiar vein, which There was reason to fear that the Bavarian forces, under we should be much more delighted to listen to at the AsWreda, would throw themselves between the fugitives sembly Rooms, or to read in that occasionally amusing and France ; and, notwithstanding the eulogiums heaped periodical, the Christian Instructor, than to stumble upon by the Marquis upon that general's promptitude, there in a volume of sermons. Dr Thomson may say that this is little doubt that it was owing to his dilatoriness alone, is a foolish prejudice on our part, and that what is not that this measure was not effected. We have been told improper in the one case, is not improper in the other. that Napoleon drew a long breath when he reached the We think differently: we have no objection, for instance, heights above Hanau, and saw the Bavarians still upon to see Dr Thomson bound for a fishing excursion in a the left bank of the Main. There was a sharp cannon- pepper-and-salt surtout, and a pair of smart white inexading at the bridge of Frankfort, but the prize escaped. pressibles, but we suspect it would be generally looked

In a very short time, the European armies had driven upon as some small breach of decorum were he to appear the French forces beyond the Rhine, and rested themselves in the same innocent habiliments in his own pulpit. But upon its left bank. Napoleon was busied with gigantic our great objection to this form of publication is, that it preparations for their reception should they cross the river. does not permit the author to condense his arguments sufBut the victorious army of Wellington had already, in ficiently. We can follow a close train of reasoning much another quarter, passed the southern borders of France. more easily and satisfactorily in the closet, than a popuThe allied leaders, who seem never to have contempluted lar audience can be supposed to do in church; and with such success, were puzzled what measures to adopt. It regard to controversy in particular, our attention is diswas the rising of Europe en masse that had palsied the tracted, and our idea of the argument confused, by those arm of Napoleon, and not the individual talents of those practical applications which are necessary to make a pulopposed to him. The wishes of the British government, pit discourse edifying. We think, therefore, that Dr true to its early declaration, that would never recognise Thomson ought in justice to the public, and to his own or make peace with Napoleon,--the personal hatred of Ber- reputation, to have taken the trouble of digesting the subnadotte towards that leader,--and the vindictive feelings stance of his twelve discourses and bulky appendix into of Prussia, carried over the more undecided, and the de a regular treatise, in which case we feel convinced that thronement of the usurper was resolved on. The war, his work would be more extensively read, and more gewhich now became one of aggression on the part of the nerally admired. allies, lost much of its moral interest. We refer our As we have no desire to enter into the discussion to readers to the pages of the Marquis of Londonderry for which the doctrine of universal pardon has given rise, and

as we have no room for extracts, we must refer those of

our readers who feel much interest in the controversy to The Doctrine of Universal Pardon Considered and Re- least need, be said on the subject.

Dr Thomson's volume, which contains all that can, or at fated, in a Series of Sermons ; with Notes, Critical and Expository. By Andrew Thomson, D.D., Minister of St George's Church, Edinburgh. Edinburgh. w. Consolations in Travel, or the Last Days of a Philosopher. Whyte and Co. Pp. 500.

By Sir Humphry Davy, Bart., late President of the This volume is, as might be expected from the high name

Royal Society. London. John Murray. 1830. Pp. 281. of the author, the most important work that has been pub We have read this work with much pleasure. It is a lished on the subject of the Row Heresy;--We also hope posthumous publication, and consequently imperfect, but

its history.

it nevertheless contains a great deal of interesting and the water that I might be able to catch the end of it in my instructive matter. The Preface, which was written by hand, and at this moment I felt perfect security; but i Sir Humphry Davy at Rome, in February, 1829, is in breeze of wind suddenly came down the valley and bles these words :-“ Salmonia was written during the time from the nearest bank, the boat was turned by it out of the of a partial recovery from a long and dangerous illness. I soon saw that I was likely to be precipitated over the song

șide current, and thrown nearer the middle of the river, and The present work was composed immediately after, un

taract. My servant and the boatmen rushed into the water, der the same unfavourable and painful circumstances, and but it was too deep to enable them to reach the beat; I at a period when the constitution of the author suffered was soon in the white water of the descending stream, and from new attacks. 'He has derived some pleasure and my danger was inevitable. I had presence of mind enough some consolation, when most other sources of consolation

to consider, whether my chance of safety would be greata and pleasure were closed to him, from this exercise of his by throwing myself out of the boat, or by remaining in it, mind; and, he ventures to hope, that these hours of sick- bow upon the bright sun above my head, as if taking leare

and I preferred the latter expedient. I looked from the raisness may be not altogether unprofitable to persons in per- for ever of that glorious luminary; I raised one pious aspi. fect health.” The volume is divided into six Dialogues, ration to the Divine Source of light and life; I was imme in which the author, under the name of Philalethes, and diately stunned by the thunder of the fall, and my eyes vete several of his friends, also under assumed names, converse closed in darkness. How long I remained insensible' I know concerning many important subjects in physical and mo

not; my first recollections after this accident were of a bright Im/? ral science. Occasionally, the dialogue is superseded by light shining above me, of warmth and pressure in different narrative, in which a few incidents are introduced, though parts of my body, and of the noise of the rushing cataract

sounding in my ears. I seemed awakened by the light from a kept entirely subservient to the sentiments and doctrines sound sleep, and endeavoured to recall my scattered thoughts of the different speakers. What we chiefly like in the but in vain; I soon fell again into slumber. From this s. work, is the vein of liberal and philosophical thought cond sleep, I was awakened by a voice which seemed at which runs through it, and the total absence of all the altogether unknown to me, and looking upwards, I saw the e affectation and flippancy of the modern style of writing. bright eye and noble countenance of the Unknown Stranger * We are not prepared to say that it contains any one train whom I had met at Pæstum. I faintly articulated, I am of reasoning that is very profound or very new, but it in this ; you are a little bruised by your fall, but you wł

in another world.'— No,' said the stranger, you are see contains many passages of that solid and profitable kind, soon be well; be tranquil, and compose yourself.' The next which it exercises the mind to read, and which it still day I learnt from the Unknown the history of my escapa more exercises the mind to ponder over, and to consider which seemed almost miraculous to me. He said that he in their various bearings. The planetary system, the pro was fishing, the day that my accident happened, below the bability of a future state of existence, the comparative me

fall of the Traun, for that peculiar species of the largesalat rits of different religious creeds, the materiality or imma of the Danube, which, fortunately for me, is only to be! teriality of the soul, the benefits to be derived from science, astonishment and alarm, the boat and my body precipitated

caught by very strong tackle. He saw, to his very great and more particularly from chemical science, the neces- by the fall, and was so fortunate as to entangle his book is sary effects of time, and the enquiry, whether death and

a part of my dress when I had been scarcely more than a change are convertible terms ; these, and many other to- minute under water, and by the assistance of his serrant

, pics of a like nature, are discussed in an enlightened spi- who was armed with the gaff or curved hook for landing rit, and it is certainly interesting to be presented with the large fish, I was safely conveyed to the shore, undressel

, pet views of such a man as Sir Humphry Davy concerning animation, which were familiar to him, I soon recorered

into a warm bed, and by the modes of restoring suspended them.

my sensibility and consciousness." In looking for an extract, we have found it quite impossible to bit upon any detached passage which will con- and with whom a desire to discover truth predominate

To all those who like to speculate upon lofty subjects, vey the slightest notion of the general contents of the vo. lume; we have, therefore, taken the following curious in in the full confidence that its contents will not disappoin:

over every other motive, we recommend this little rolam. cident, which will do little more than afford the reader

them. some idea of the author's style :!

ADVENTURE OF SIR HUMPHRY DAVY. The fall of the Traun is a cataract, which, when the Lawrie Todd, or the Settlers in the Woods. By Joka river is full, may be almost compared to that of Schaffhau Galt, Esq. author of “ Annals of the Parish," &c. sen for magnitude, and possesses the same peculiar charac In three volumes. London. Colburn and Bentley. ters of grandeur in the precipitous rush of its awful and 1830. overpowering waters, and of beauty in the tints of its streams and foam, and in the forms of the rocks over which it falls,

Mr Gaut has an observant, but not a comprehensive and the cliffs and woods by which it is overhung. In this mind. Had he turned his attention to natural histors, spot an accident, which had nearly been fatal to me, occa he would have excelled as an entomologist. He would sioned the renewal of my acquaintance in an extraordinary have been very great upon the subject of beetles, silkmanner with the mysterious unknown stranger. Eubathes,

worms, spiders, and ants. He would have known all who was very fond of fly-fishing, was amusing himself by about their bronchiæ and spiracles. Upon their stomach catching graylings for our dinner in the stream above the fall

. I took one of the boats, which are used for descend- and digestive organs, including their lower intestines, he ing the canal or lock artificially cut in the rock by the side would have been quite at home, as also upon their biof the fall, on which salt and wood are usually transported liary vessels. The viscera of all creeping things he would from Upper Austria to the Danube ; and I desired two of most microscopically have examined ; and å tipula, er the peasants to assist my servant in permitting the boat to long-legged fly, would have afforded him a theme for a descend by a rope to the level of the river below; my inten- month's writing. The learning he would have poured oz tion was to amuse myself by this rapid species of locomo-forth upon the cock-chaffer, the mantis, or the cateza. tion along the descending sluice. For some moments the boat glided gently along the smooth current, and I enjoyed pillar-moth, exceeds computation; whilst all the ephez the beauty of the moving scene around me, and had my eye

meræ, larvæ, and tadpoles, would have blessed him asis fixed upon the bright rainbow seen upon the spray of the ca their historian and friend. taract above my head, when I was suddenly roused by a We are enabled to speak thus positively from having shout of alarm from my servant, and looking round, I saw attentively examined the character of Mr Galt's mind. that the piece of wood to which the rope had been attached He is great on little things; all the smaller, and what had given way, and the boat was floating down the river at the mercy of the stream. I was not at first alarmed, for I

are generally considered the meaner and less important saw that my assistants were procuring long poles with which parts of nature, he observes with a nice and curious 22it appeared easy to arrest the boat before it entered the ra- curacy. His hero is sure to be some piddling, pawky, prore pidly descending water of the sluice, and I called out to king creature, who wriggles, and twists, and worms himilem to use their united force to reach the longest pole across self about, till at length the reader almost comes to take


an interest in him, and says to himself—“ Well, I sup- That came so quick, and went so fast,
pose there are many such persons in the world.” And Ye scarce could notice when it past.
so we fancy there are ; but where Mr Galt happened to

The light cloud on the mountain's side, meet with them, is more than we know. One would The restless sea-bird on the wing

Its shadow on the silvery tide, think he had spent his life among a collection of old wo

The swiftest and most fleeting thing men who keep stalls, small lairds with smaller under- That comes and goes in the short-lived space standings, the bailies of country villages, the deacons of of a moment's thought, and leaves no trace country towns, dealers in tea and sugar, master-masons, Behind to tell where it hath been, daft Jocks, maiden aunts, who eat carvies on their bread Is not so passing, and may be seen and butter at ten, tailors, howdie-wives, and other per

For a longer space than that blush upon

Eanthe's cheek; 'twas there,—'twas gone,sonages of a similar description. It no doubt argues a

Like some bright star from the firmament cast certain degree of ability to describe the habits and pro- To the earth below, so quick it past; pensities of this portion of society with vivacity; but But the calm quiet smile of her tearful eye, when an author never attempts to do any thing else, he Like the gleams of light that come stealing through surely cannot expect to be placed very high among those The shadowy mist of a watery sky, who cultivate the belles lettres.

Dispelling the clouds that would shade its blue,

Remain'd to tell, what the blush that was gone Mr Galt's present work, “ Lawrie Todd," does not

Could never bave told, that to look upon inaterially differ in its leading features from its prede- Her Athro there, and to know him near, cessors. It contains the history of a man who began

Was the wish, the hope, to her heart most dear. the world in the humble capacity of a nailer, and who This—this is the beauty of trusting love, having at an early period emigrated to America, and When the heart in its fondness can repose made a little money in New York, afterwards went into On a being on earth, as on one above, the woods and joined some other settlers, all of whom And, in its contiding purity, knows

That the heart it loved to rest upon gradually rose to prosperity. The whole story is told with a degree of minuteness which at first is amusing, Had the innocent one known earth's alarms,

Beats with a faith as true as its own. but which, when protracted through three volumes, They would all have been hush'd in her Athro's arms." appears to us to become extremely tedious. It is no doubt all true to nature; but a thousand things may be

The miscellaneous poems are too numerous. They true to nature which grow tiresome in the detail. The

are like a bed of young turnips, and might have been higher sort of novelist presents us with nature under a

thinned to great advantage. A few of them are decidedly thousand different aspects; and instead of dwelling un

above par ; as, for example, ceasingly on the petty career and operations of some mean and inferior specimen of humanity like Lawrie Todd,

:["When Philip of Anjou was travelling, as an officer, towards Spain, he delights in making us acquainted with nobler spirits, he remained for some days at a forester’s cottage, in which he had whose higher faculties are called into action by high oc taken shelter from a storm. Aloyse, the forester's daughter, was casions. To these the profanum vulgus serve but as foils ; beautiful as the morning--the young prince was graceful, elegant, and are kept, as in the actual business of civilized life, and fascinating. He became attached to her, and she, in a far more in their proper place—the back-ground of the picture strong degree, to him. In the meantime, the King of Spain died,This is not Mr Galt's mode of going to work. He not

Philip was proclaimed his successor,--and the Spanish ambassadors,

on their way to Paris with the crown of Spain, were benighted at the only rejoices in making his hero a nailer, but he writes forester's cottage. The rank of the young prince was then discoveras if he were himself a nailer. He no doubt draws his ed, and poor Aloyse felt that every hope was at once crushed within scenes in consequence more vividly, but then it is a vi- her heart. She uttered no complaint--no murmur; the crown was vidness much more calculated to please nailers than gen- presented to Philip-she gazed on it-on the splendour by which she tlemen and scholars. That “ Lawrie Todd" contains

was surrounded—on Philip for one moment, and exclaiming, ' I have

seen his sun in the meridian of its glory, but mine has set for ever,' many useful hints for the poor emigrant, and that, more

fell dead at the feet of her lover, and rested side by side with that over, there is a great deal of correct painting of low life' crown, which he then could scarcely prize. This little tale has been in it, we do not deny; but this is only a moderate species beautifully dramatised by a talented young authoress of the present of praise. We look upon “ Lawrie Todd,” as well as day."] upon most of Mr Galt's other works, as we do upon a Together, side by side, they lay--a maiden dead, picture of the Dutch school ;-it is clever and ingenious, And a most kingly crown. Life had but fled and amuses us for the moment,—but we turn to a land- That face and form of beauty, and as yet scape by an Italian master, and the Dutch artist sinks Its bright blue eye seem'd scarcely to forget at once into bis native vulgarity and inferiority.

All it bad gazed upon.
And one bent o'er her of a princely form,

And all was hush'd and still, as if the storm
Enathe ; a Tale of the Druids. And other Poems. By Had pass'd away, and left no other trace
Sandford Earle, Esq. Edinburgh. James Robertson Oh, Death! thy withering frown fell lightly there,

Of its existence, save that pallid face. and Co. 1830. 18mo. Pp. 383.

Those lips still smiled,—those features still were fair, This is a new candidate for poetical laurels, who has Those eyes still pure as every dazzling gem taken unto himself the assumed name of Sandford Earle.

Of that bright crown,—but cold-yea, cold as them. There is a good deal of gentle poetical feeling in the With glance for glance, would still to his reply

Yes, as he gazed, he seem'd to think that eye, book, and though the contents are of very unequal merit, Those lips still speak--still bless-still smile as they yet they are, on the whole, calculated to reflect credit on

Once spoke and bless'd—and smiled in happier day. the author.

The first poem, which is in three cantos, is She was not dead !-he could not gaze, and deem rather too much protracted for the incidents it contains. That she was so—it seem'd so like a dream. It is the story of Eanthe, a British maiden of noble Hark to the trumpet's shout !-- he hears it notbirth, who having been converted from the Druidical to

His new-gain'd throne-his crown-are both forgot ; the Christian faith, wishes also to convert her lover

The peasant girl was dead-her tempest-tost

And broken heart at rest ; and he had lost Athro; which she has scarcely succeeded in doing when More than a crown could give.” her apostasy is discovered, and she is condemned to a


e are also pleased with the following stanzas, which quel death. This poem is decidedly of a sacred character. The following pretty lines, however, from the first remind us of some of Mrs Hemans's minor pieces : canto, might have been written by Moore himself: " The cheek that was so pale but now,

“ Bright stars, bright stars, from your home on high Is crimson’d with a sudden glow,

Do ye gaze on the thousands that bur ed lie ?


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The true and the brave-yet shed no tear

to point and adorn a history, we know no period more To moisten the earth of their honour'd bier ?

rife in fearful lessons than the period we allude to. But

the truth of the matter is, Sir Walter's history was to be “ Do ye gaze with looks so lovely and brightThey smile and laugh in their own sweet light

comprised in two volumes ; and finding that he had al. Nor dream ye that sorrow, or pain, or woe,

ready rather overfilled his space by the time he arrived Can live or be in this world below?

at the death of Elizabeth, he availed himself of this opi.

nion as an apology for abruptly breaking off there. “ Ye shine, ye sbine, and ye drop no tear,

That part of our history contained in the volume now And ye cannot look upon sorrow here;

before us, is not one so well calculated for the display of For the calm and beautiful light that ye shed

Sir Walter's peculiar talent, as the earlier scenes of mer Ever gilds the grave of the buried dead.

Scottish story. He seizes and represents most graphically " And oh! bright stars, if ever ye weep,'

the picturesque outside of life, but he is at a loss when Ye shroud in a veil of clouds so deep,

called upon to pourtray the conflict of intellects under That your sorrow is hid from mortal view,

the influence of passion and principle. Yet it is from And but known by the tear-drops falling through." this conflict that the stormy period of the Reformation in I

We can make room for only one other extract, which Scotland derives what interest it may possess. There we should call a sonnet, were it not that it contains fif- are battles enough, but they do not depend, as formerly, as teen instead of fourteen lines :

upon individual prowess; tactics (although yet in their

infancy) have made some progress, and Sir Walter is FANCY'S DREAM.

not sufficiently master of the art of war, to give variety " I sometimes fancy, as I gaze upon

and character to the different encounters; nor perbape de The soft still beauty of a summer's sky

their rude mancuvres admit of it. Another defect in At evening's placid hour, that I can see

his history is this, the body of the people have now be. A sweet blue eye gaze calmly down on me,

come more powerful, and obtained in some sort a voice Gaze calmly down from its bright home, amidst

potential, yet we have not one bint from which we can Those glorious amber clouds that rest upon

infer their economical or moral condition-not one sen. The sky's pure breast, and silently implore :

tence of statistical detail, or one reference to the progress The weary traveller in this world below, To quit it's time-worn path-to leave its toil,

of learning in the country. The style of the work is And make his home with it. Oh! had I wings,

equable and pleasing, but garrulous and diffuse. There How gladly would I then, with that kind wish

is also visible throughout the whole book, an extreme That speaking look, comply-how gladly soar

anxiety on the part of the author to avoid coinmitting his From this dark world, to dwell for ever more

self by the expression of a decided opinion. He balances and Amidst those amber clouds of peace and rest,

see-saws, goes half-way, and retreats again. Witness

, in So all resplendent in that glorious west !"

particular, his account of Queen Mary. In short, the These specimens will be sufficient to convince our

more narrowly we look into the work, the more convinreaders that Mr Sandford Earle is blest with a poetical ced we become of two things. The first is, that Sir Walter, temperament. His chief faults seem to be, that he at great though his genius be, is not qualified for a hista times writes too carelessly and hastily, and that in his rian in the high sense of the word he wants penetra. blank verse he has a tendency to imitate Miss Letitia tion and the power of condensing. The second is, that Elizabeth Landon.

his history, such as it is, has been got up rather slovenly, and is left unfinished.

Although we have thus given vent to our disappointThe History of Scotland. By Sir Walter Scott, Bart.

ment in plain language, we are quite ready to admit

, Vol. II. (the fourth volume of Lardner's Cabinet what all will be ready to believe, that there is much goed Cyclopædia.) Pp. 438. London. Printed for Long- writing scattered through the work. man, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green. 1830.

This volume contains the reigns of James Vs Mary's The Foreign Quarterly Review, No. X. February, 182! and James VI., bringing down the history of Scotland from the field of Flodden, till the union of the crowns of

London : Treuttel and Co. Edinburgh: Cadell and Ca Scotland and England in the person of James, which On the whole, this number is calculated to support event, in the estimation of the author, closes the history the character of the Review. The first article, which of Scotland, as an independent nation.

We think we contains a pretty full statistical account of the kingdom could easily, were we inclined, combat this opinion. of the Netherlands, is valuable, although it scarcely bears Down to the period of the incorporating Union, Scot- the same strong internal marks of authenticity, and tholand, though closely connected with England, was to all rough acquaintance with the subject, that we found in intents an independent kingdom. Her laws, her consti- the article on Spanish Statistics in the preceding number tution, her church, differed from that of England, and so The second article, on the mystical meaning of the Dimuch of the old leaven remained, that the belief of any vina Commedia of Dante, is learned and sensible, although measure being likely to be acceptable to the English na on a subject not much to our taste. The value of Dante's tion, was almost sufficient to secure the adoption of an works consists in their lofty and severe tone, in their bold opposite line of policy by the Scots. If Sir Walter imagery, and, in short, in what they contain of imaginatire sin means to say, that the portion of our history intervening or poetical. To leave the obvious and valuable beauties between the union of the crowns, and the incorporating of his poetry, and search after the ignis fatuus of a reunion of the kingdoms, throws little light on our present condite and mystical theory, is, like the dog in the fable

, political circumstances, and therefore refrains from wri- to leave the substance and snap at the reflection. The ting it, he might on the same grounds have refrained third article contains some interesting notices respecting from writing the history of Scotland at all. But if he the kingdom of Brazil. The fourth is an attempt to means to say, that with the accession of James to the prove that the Medici family were a parcel of weak rasEnglish throne, that period of the uninfluenced develop-cals. The authority upon which the argument is based, ment of Scotland's civil institutions closed, which stamp- an historical romance, is insufficient; and the opinions ed our character as a people, be appears to us to be wrong, supported are erroneous and invidious. for it was subsequent to that event that the Presbyte- is an interesting account of the labours of the Catholic rian spirit (the most influential of all) developed itself Missionaries in China. Article sixth is a review of the in that distinct and modified character which triumphed popular French novelist, Paul de Koch, written in a spirit and at the Revolution ; and if a political moral be sought for eminently Cockuey. The seventh article, on the cha

Article fifth

If we

racter and writings of the Spanish patriot, Jovellanos, is gian in its original, consisted of 16 or 17, to which were af. judicious, but has been anticipated. Articles eight, on terwards added 7 or 8 more, to make up 24. The ancient ibe history of the Gnostic heresy-nine, on the English Arabic alphabet consisted of 24, to which 4 more letters Court of Chancery-ten, on the Crusades and eleven, the Turkish of 33; the Georgian of 36; the Russian of

have since been added ; the Coptic alphabet consists of 32; on Jacotot's system of tuition, are all respectable. The 39; the Spanish of 27; the Italian of 20; the Latin of 22; twelfth article, on the final settlement of Greece, is full the French of 23; and the English of 26. See more on of information, and written in a good spirit; only it is a this subject under the head of Writing. The Chinese have little distigured by an unseemly boasting of the effects of no proper alphabet, unless we reckon as such their keys to its precursor in No. IX. The critical sketches, literary classes of words, distinguished by the number of strokes notices, and list of new Continental publications, at the combined in each, of which they have 214 in number. As end of the number, are complete and interesting. The

to the written character of these alphabets, see Writing.”

AMENDE HONORABLE." An infamous kind of punishForeign Quarterly must, however, struggle vigorously ment formerly inflicted in France on traitors, parricides, against a tendency to become too exclusively political.

or sacrilegious persons, who were to go naked to the shirt,

with a torch in their hand, and a rope about their neck, into The Lost Heir, and the Prediction. In 3 vols. London.

a church or a court, to beg pardon of God, the court, and

the injured party." Edward Bull. 1830.

Archery.--The art of shooting with a bow; formerly The first of these tales is the best. It is told with consi. a favourite diversion among the English, who were also derable art. There is a mystery around its opening, which much skilled in it as a military exercise. The practice of gradually disperses --but it is only at intervals, and par- archery was much encouraged by our kings. It was foltially

, that the light is let in upon us ; so that while we see lowed both as a recreation and a service ; and Edward III. the truth is coming out, enough of uncertainty remains tice of it on holidays and other intervals of leisure. By an

prohibited all useless games that interfered with the practo excite our curiosity and carry us on. The author's act of Edward IV. every man was to have a bow of his own chief object seems to have been to make his novel a com- height, to be made of yew, hazel, or ash, &c. ; and mounds pendium of all the different kinds of style at present in of earth were to be made in every township for the use of the vogue. He rous into one the fashionable novel, whose inhabitants. There were two kinds of bows in use among scene is London or Paris--the Irish novel, whose scene the English ; namely, the long-bow, and the cross-bow; is Ireland or Paris,-and the American novel, whose those who used the long-bow were called archers, in dis. scene is a Yankee town or forest. The hero and heroine, tinction from the cross-bowmen. The English archers with all their friends, are of the Hiberno-Gallic race ; the army long after tire-arms were introduced. The Artillery

were the most skilful in Europe, and were employed in the villain

who does all the mischief, and is killed in the end, Company of London is an ancient fraternity of archers and is a Bond-Street lounger. The tale opens with a scalping bowmen, besides which, there are several companies of scene in America, and is afterwards transferred to France, archers in England, as the Woodmen of Arden.” where we are treated to a full-sized panoramic view of

AUTOMATON.-"A self-moving engine, more particularly the Bastile. The second tale is a bloody bad one.

the figure of any animal, having the principle of motion

within itself by means of wheels, springs, and weights ; recollect right-for, having supped full of its horrors, we are loath to open up the book again-only two of the dra- ) those in the figure

of a man are called "Androides, as the mes

chanical chess-player, &c. ; those of animals are properly matis personee are left alive. The work is from the pen called Automata. It is said that Archytas of Tarentum, 400 of Mr Power, the Irish comedian, and, we believe, has years before Christ, made a wooden pigeon, that could fly; sold well.

and that Archimedes made similar Automata. Regiomontanus made a wooden eagle, that flew forth from the city,

met the emperor, saluted him, and returned; also an iron A Dictionary of General Knowledge ; or an Explanation Ay, which flew out of his hand at a feast, and returned of Words and Things connected with all the Arts and again, after flying about the room. Dr Hooke made the Sciences. Illustrated with numerous Wood-cuts. By model of a flying chariot, capable of supporting itself in the George Crabb, A. M., Author of“ English Synonymes," air. M. Vauçanson made a figure that played on the flute; &c. &c. London. Thomas Tegg. 1830. Post 8vo. also a duck, capable of eating, drinking, and imitating exPp. 36t.

actly the voice of a natural one; and, what is still more

surprising, the food it swallowed was evacuated in a digested This work combines elegance and utility in no ordi- state ; also the wings, viscera, and bones, were formed so as hary degree. It is beautifully printed in double columns, strongly to resemble those of a living duck. M. le Droz, and many of its definitions and explanations are illus- of La Chaux de Fonds, presented a clock to the King of trated by means of neatly executed engravings--mechani-Spain, which had, among other curiosities, a sheep that cal , architectural, zoological, botanical, and miscellaneous. made a bleating noise, and a dog watching a basket, that

snarled and barked when any one offered to take it away." For the juvenile and less informed reader, the book teems with information; while even the scholar and man of contracts in the church before the performance of the mar.

Banns OF MATRIMONY.-" The publishing of marriage liberal acquirements cannot fail to derive benefit from it riage ceremony. By the ordinances of the church, when as a work of occasional reference. It has been drawn up persons are to be married, the banns of matrimony shall be with a due regard to brevity; but, at the same time, such published in the church where they dwell three several Sunexplanations have been added to almost every definition, days or holidays, in the time of divine service; and if, at as serve to convey something more than the bare mean

the day appointed for their marriage, any man do allege any ing of the word. Another recommendation is, that it impediment or pre-contract, consanguinity or affinity, want

of parents' consent, infancy, &c., why they should not be contains a vast number of words and phrases which are

married, (and become bound with sureties to prove this allenot to be met with in any other Dictionary, but with gation,) then the solemnization must be deferred until the which it is scarcely less necessary to be acquainted than truth is tried.” with those used in ordinary discourse. We have been so BENEFIT OF CLERGY.--" A privilege in law, at first pemuch pleased with this work, that, both with the view of culiar to the clergy, but in after times made common to the enabling our readers more completely to understand its laity. When any one was convicted of certain crimes, he had

a book given him to read, and if the ordinary or his deputy nature, and of transferring to our pages some of the information it contains, we have selected a few definitions, pronounced these words, Legit ut clericus," he reads like

a clergyman or scholar, he was only burnt in the hand, and which will give a general idea how the rest are handled :

set free for the first offence, otherwise he was to suffer ALPHABET.-“ A series of the several letters in the lan death." guage, which vary in number in different languages. The BILBOES." A term at sea, for the long bars of iron with Hebrew contains 22 letters, as also the Chaldee, Samari which the feet of offenders are confined, the irons being tan, Syriac, Persian, Æthiopic, Saracen, &c. ; but the Irish, more or less heavy, according to the nature of the offence. which is the same as the Pilasgian, or Scythian, still re BLAZONRY, OR BLAZONING.-“ That branch of the art tains only 17; the Greek alphabet, which was brought by of Heraldry which consists in expressing, in proper terms, Cadmus intó Greece from Phænicia, and was also Pelas all that belongs to coats of arms. The

word comes from

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