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Then O to meet my lassie yet, Up in the glen sae grassy yet,
For all I see
Are nought to me, Save her that's but a lassie yet!
Heaven oft hears me name thy name
In my secret prayer,
Do I mingle there?
TO TWO SISTERS.
By Lawrence Macdonald. Young Peris of the North ! 'tis bliss to be
Within the influence of these gladdening eyes ! More lovely than the loveliest stars to me,
And fair as is the light of Eastern skiesWhen darkness leaves the world, and daybreak lies
Like cradled slumber on wide ocean's face !-When morning hymns, address'd to Heaven, arise
With rising day, that now begins his race On fair Aurora’s steeds, all matchless in their pace.
Do I live within thy heart,
Love! as thou in mine?
Love! am I of thine ?
In this dark world, are thine; My heavenly home is far away, Thou art my earthly shrine!
Ye are the loveliest of the virgin train,
That lead the mazy dance, that tread the green; Many's the heart those eyes of yours have slain,
Yet all unconscious of their power ye seem ! There's not a spot on earth where I have been,
Can boast of beauties that more purely shine! Er'n that famed Paradise of old, I ween,
Held nought, in shape of woman, more divine : 'Tis well for me, the world hath steel'd this breast of mine!
Think not, though never from my lips flow'd free
The assurance of affection tried and true,
That time could blot the past from Memory's vien,
My tongue seems chain'd by some enchantment deeply
And when thou’rt gone, I ponder and I weep, To think I could not say how dear thou art ! The shallow rills rush down the mountain side,
And prattle idly to the dancing flowers,
While calm—unseen-amid the greenwood bowers- | The deeper streams in noiseless current glide. Oh! souls that feel the most, can least express Their golden weight of silent tenderness!
TO MY SISTER ELLEN.
And loveliness like this, 'neath northern skies,
Such matchless grace, in forms so passing fair,Brings more delight into the wondering eyes
Than found in climes where the unchilling air Ruffles not nature, nor her children there,
Freezes not life, that fills the living vein, Nor presses on the brow that wears no care,
But makes more pure the blood that flows again Back to the heart, as streams and rivers seek the main. Thy imaged likeness in my soul I'll bear
Where lead my steps ; and if, in after time, The fame of sculptured groups should meet thine ear,
Whose pliant arms around each other twine,
Will be the Fairy Sisters of my lay ;
"Twill tend to lengthen out my waning day, And lend a brighter gleam to life's last struggling ray.
Edinburgh, March 2, 1830.
RETURN, sweet sister Ellen ! come
Where loving looks will greet thee, And kind hearts smile thy welcome home,
And open arms will meet thee !
Beloved one, we have mourn'd thee long,
And, 'mid our tears and sadness, Oft call to mind thy trancing song,
And guileless looks of gladness.
Love! as thou dost minem
Pure and gentle shine ? In the fairy land of sleep Aye thy form I
see; Ah! does mine e'er gild thy rest?
Dream'st thou e'er of me?
And, when the evening shadows fall,
We want thy blue eye's brightness; And sigh to miss, within the hall,
Thy small foot's fairy lightness.
And deck'd thy fav'rite chamber,
Around its casement clamber.
We've watch'd for thee from morn till ere,
In silence and in sorrow,
We said, “ She'll come to-morrow."
And wilt thou not come, sister dear,
Among our woods to wanderThe music of our streams to hear,
And trace their wild meander ?
Do I haunt thy waking thoughts,
Love! as thou dost mine 'Mid the light and joy of morn,
Or eve's hush divine ?
Back thou com'st to me,
In bright memory?
Love! as thou dost mine Blending still with sacred thoughts
That sadden, but refine ?
may be necessary for the purpose of elucidation, and is expected to By Thomas Brydson.
present to the future historian a store of rich and valuable materials,
which will enable him to take juster views, and to draw more correct Her parents and her lover waved adieu
conclusions, than his predecessors, From out the vine-clad cottage, and away
The History of an Enthusiast, the History of an Enerve and the The maiden pass'd, like sunbeam from the day,
History of a Misanthrope, by Maria Jane Jewsbury, will shortly be Into the ancient forest, to renew
published. Her wonted task of gath'ring lonely flowers
An Essay on Superstition, being an Inquiry into the Effects of
Physical Influence on the Mind, in the production of Dreams, ViFor the far city :-Innocent and young
sions, Ghosts, and other Supernatural Appearances, by W. Newn. She wander'd, singing to the birds, that sung
ham, Esq. will shortly appear. Amid the balmy foliage of the bowers.
A collection of the English Essays which have obtained prizes at Eve fell at length-and to the well-known steep,
the University of Oxford, is in the press. Among the authors' names That gave again her native vale to view,
we observe the Earl of Eldon, Grattan, Lord Sidmouth, Reginald The maiden came.— Earth shook—and, bursting thro',
Heber, Whateley, Milman, Sandford, and others. She sees an ocean o'er that valley sweep.
We observe that the Gentleman's Magazine has now reached the
hundredth year of its existence. It was commenced so far back as Ah, me!-she has, 'neath heaven's all-circling dome, the year 1731, by Mr Cave, with the assistance of Dr Johnson, and No parent—and no lover-and no home!
has, ever since, held on the even tenor of its way. It has seen many Oban, February, 1830.
changes in men and things, but it is itself little changed ; and its old. fashioned appearance and contents still carry the reader into Bolt
Court. LITERARY CHIT-CHAT AND VARIETIES.
Among the works most recently announced by Messrs Colburn and
Bentley, we observe Tales of the Colonies, by Mr Howison,-Per. We understand that an additional volume is about to be added to sonal Narrative of an Officer in the English Army of Occupation in the Poetical Works of Sir Walter Scott. It will consist principally,
France,-Sir Ralph Esher, or Memoirs of a Gentleman of the Court we believe, of dramas, among which will be included two that have of Charles II.,-Letters from Nova Scotia, or Sketches of a Young not yet been published, namely, “ The Ayrshire Tragedy," and Country, by Captain William Moorson,-and Travels in Kamt. “The Doom of Devorgoil." These, along with “ Goetz of Ber
chatka, Siberia, and China, by Peter Dobell, Esq. lipsingen," “ Halidon Hill," " Macduff's Cross," and " The House
We are sorry to find it stated in the German journals, that M. of Aspen," complete the list of Sir Walter's dramatic efforts.
Niebuhr's house at Bonn has been consumed by fire, and that, in The fourth and last volume of Wodrow's History of the Sufferings
common with his library, the MS. copy of his third volume of Ro. of the Church of Scotland, with Life and Notes, and a complete In
man History, which he had just finished for the press, has been de dex, by the Rev. Robert Burns, D.D., F.A.S.E, forming the first
stroyed. This heavy loss, it is added, has thrown the unfortunate
author into a state of great despondency. portion of the series of Scottish Ecclesiastical Historians, is nearly
Mr Campbell's Life of his friend Sir Thomas Lawrence, will be ready. The first part of Knox's History of the Reformation, with
illustrated by two portraits of the deceased Chevalier. One of these Notes by William M'Gavin, Esq., will be published in March ; and
portraits was finished a few days before the death of the artist; and Calderwood, with a Continuation to the time of Wodrow, will fol.
the other is said to be an interesting and faithful resemblance of the los,
Chevalier at an early period of life. Mr Campbell is at present so A Glasgow publisher announces an Anatomical Synopsis, or Ta hard at work upon this Lise, that he has given public notice to his balar View of Anatomy, from the pen of Mr Rattray, author of an
correspondents that he will not be able for some time to answer any ingenious sheet of the same kind, which appeared last summer, on
letters, except on business. Botany. It is expected that it will be found a useful assistant to the
The following books will speedily issue from the Dublin Press :student while attending the dissecting room.
O'Donoghue, Prince of Killarney, in six cantos, by Miss Bourke; There is preparing for publication, by the Rev. Dr Hill of Dailly, Letters from France, Italy, Switzerland, Denmark, Hungary, &c. 2 Manual of the Forms of Process in the Church Courts of Scotland.
&c., by George Downes, Esq. A.B. 2 vols.; a Second Series of the Landscape Illustrations of the Waverley Novels are about to ap Irish Pulpit; The Vale of Tempo, and other Poems, by W. News pear, which, in contradistinction to the numerous Historical Illustrations already published, are intended to convey an idea of the
A new specimen of a newspaper has appeared in London, with the Seatty rendered so interesting by the descriptions of the distin title, attractive to certain persons, of Paul Pry. We may safely adguished Author. A number of eminent artists have been engaged judicate the character from the title-We would recommend a motto for the work, and there is every chance of its being found well enti to a certain class of publications, of which we shall take care not to tied to public patronage.
say that this is one: videlicet-Dogberry loquitur-"Marry, sir, they The Honourable Mrs Norton, the daughter of Mrs Thomas Sheri. have committed false report; moreover, they have spoken untruths ; dan, is about to publish a poem on a sacred subject, to be called the secondly, they are slanderers ; thirdly, they have verified unjust Undying One.
things; and, to conclude, they are lying knaves." A new work may be expected in the course of a few weeks, from A monthly series of reprints of the best English Translations of the pen of Mr Theodore Hook, entitled Maxwell, a Tale of the Mid the Latin and Greek classics was commenced in London, in January dle Ranks.
last, under the title of “ Jones' Family Classical Library." The ob The author of the Naval Sketch Book has nearly ready for publi-ject of the publication is to lay open, at a cheap rate, the rich stores eation, Tales of a Tar.
of ancient literature to all ranks, whether classically educated or not. There have been laid on our table this week three works of a reli
The typography is beautifully executed, and the price very mode
rate. gious character, which have just issuled from the Edinburgh press,
Three monthly parts, containing the works of Tacitus and
Herodotus, have appeared. Dialogues on Natural and Revealed Religion, by the Reverend Dr
A sheet has recently been published, containing all the books and Morehead, Sermons on the Doctrine of Universal Pardon, by Dr
prints, good, bad, and indifferent, that have been issued by the vaAndrew Thomson,-and Sermons on the Seven Churches in Asia, by
rious London publishers, from the 1st of January to the 31st of DeDr William Muir. Each of these works we shall review at our ear.
cember, 1829. It is a curious and amusing document; in looking liest convenience.
over it, one is astonished that so many works could ever have found Mr W. Howitt has in the press, The Book of the Seasons-a work
readers, much less purchasers. We confess, however, that we have intended to form a complete companion for the lover of the country: been thus introduced to a considerable portion of them for the first containing, in original articles on each month, characteristics of the
time, and recommend the brochure to the attention of the curious, seasons,-poetical and picturesque descriptions, rural occupations - WAVERLEY Novels. The 9th volume of the new edition of this full and aceurate tables of the migrations of birds,-floral, entomolo work contains the Black Dwarf, and the first part of Old Mortality. gical, and botanical calendars; with Lays of the Seasons, by Mary The frontispiece is a clever family scene, by Wilkie, spoiled in the Howitt, and graphic embellishments by various eminent artists. engraving by Graves. The vignette is pretty and spirited. The 10th
A Familiar Treatise on Life Assurances and Annuities, comprising volume contains the continuation of Old Mortality, an excellent an Historical Sketch of the Origin, Progress, and Present State of frontispiece by Cooper, well engraved by Charles Rolls, a mediocre the Science, and of Life Assurance Offices, together with Observa- | vignette by Wilkie, and some new notes and illustrations. tions on the Duration of Human Life, and on various objects of in EDINBURGH JOURNAL OF NATURAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL Scr. terest connected with the subject, by Robert Rankin, Secretary to the ENCE.—This work continues to improve. No. VI. for March conBristol Union Fire and Life Insurance Company, is announced. tains much important and useful information.
A new quarterly publication is about to appear, under the title of PATENT SUSPENSION RAILWAY. We visited Mr Dick's model on " Excerpta Historica, or Illustrations of English History.” It will Thursday, and were much gratified, both by the ingenuity of the inenasist of original papers, hitherto unpublished, chiefly from the vention, and the acuteness of the inventor. Mr Dick (a native, we great national repositories ; accompanied with such observations as believe, of Ayrshire) proposes a railway raised to an average height
of fifteen feet; the carriages that move along it are to be suspended at the Theatre Français. The representation of this play is look. from the axletrees, instead of resting upon them; they are to be set ed forward to as an event which is to decide the great literary ques. in motion by stationary engines, placed at intervals of five miles along tion so long pending between the classical and romantic schools
. the railway, and operating upon the carriage by a cord, upon a prin
--Paganini, the celebrated violinist, is now in Paris, where he is ciple similar to that which gives motion to the spinning-wheel. Mr about to give a series of concerts. Macready and T. P. Cooke Dick has tried, under the auspices of the Earl of Eglinton, the expe- have been playing with success at Dublin, where Dowton has terriment upon a limited scale of two miles, and with a very imperfect minated his engagement.-We observe, by the Opera Glass apparatus, when he was able to drag a carriage of sixteen pounds weekly periodical containing smart criticisms on the performances af weight upon wheels two feet in diameter, at the rate of thirty miles the Glasgow stage that our old friend, Thorne, has been engaged by an hour; but he has no doubt that, with a complete apparatus, he Seymour to sing with Fanny Ayton. It is a pity that he is not here. will be able to double the velocity. He calculates that two men to instead of Mr Larkin. Seymour has also announced to the lieges of each engine, will be sufficient to set in motion considerable weights. Glasgow, that he is to have visits from Mrs Waylett, Fanny Kernble
, The original outlay he estimates at L.1000 per mile. He thinks it T. P. Cooke, Miss Stephens, Young, and others.-In Alexander's might be useful in conveying passengers, or the mail. The time has company, the best performers are Mr and Miss Mason, formerly of been when such a project would have been laughed at as a dream; the Edinburgh company, (they should be so still,) and Miss Palmer
, but we are now pretty well accustomed to the miracles of mechanics. a nice pretty girl. Benefits do not seem to be always very desirable = We are not competent to sit in judgment on Mr Dick's plan; but we things in Glasgow :- On Monday, we dropt in,” says the Opera can see that it has that simplicity to recommend it, which is always Glass, " to see what sort of benefit Miss Cassidy was like to have;a test of practicability; and we hope he may have a fair trial. If it was eight o'clock, and still the performance had not commenced ; such an amazing velocity of transportation could be accomplished we waited a full half hour, and still nothing but the green curtait though but for conveying our letters what a new impulse would be and the stage lamps met our view ; we put our opera-glass to ou given to the commerce and the whole social arrangements of the coun eye, counted the house, and found the audience to consist of two i try! Among others well qualified to judge of these matters, Dr Chal. the boxes, four in the pit, and eighteen in the gallery; we then lef mers, and Mr Jardine, engineer, were the rooms on Thursday,
the house.” Poor Miss Cassidy !-“ Masanielle
will be produce and we were much pleased with the intelligent manner in which Mr at our theatre probably next week; and we understand we are to have Dick answered their enquiries, and met their objections.
Liston in about three weeks. He is to be succeeded by 'T. P. Cooke : BRAHAM'S CONCERT.-We never saw the Assembly Rooms more
Young played Rienzi last night, but too late for our criticism. H crowded than on Tuesday last. The attraction was Braham's Morn
takes his benefit on Wednesday.-Bass opens the Caledonian Theatr ing Concert. Part I. consisted of sacred, and Part II. of miscella on Monday. He promises a good ballet company, though, we at neous music. In the former, Braham sang the “ Battle of the An. sorry to say, Vedy is not among them.-We hear it whispered that gels," “ Jephtha's rash vow," and “ Martin Luther's Hymn.” Of
new and interesting drama is in preparation at the Theatre Royal these, the last produced the most effect, and was encored. In the se
from the able pen of the lady who has distinguished herself as the cond act, Braham sang, “ There was once a golden time," and “ John authoress of “ Aloyse." We shall be able to say more about it ner ile Anderson, my joe," and took a part in two duets. He was assisted week. by the Misses Paton and Miss Tunstall. Miss E. Paton sang " Angels ever bright and fair" very beautifully. On the whole, the con
WEEKLY List of PERFORMANCES. cert appeared to give general satisfaction,
Feb. 27_March 5. JAMES SHERIDAN KNOWLES.-Our readers will be glad to learn that Mr Knowles is to be in Edinburgh about the 20th of March, for
SAT. Much Ado about Nothing, The Bee Hive. the sake of delivering a course of Lectures on Dramatic Literature.
Mon. Othello, & The Bottle Impo We know of no man more likely to do justice to this interesting subject. Besides being the author of two of the most successful of our TURS. King Lear, 4 The Forty Thieves. modern plays, he possesses a most enthusiastic and well-cultivated
WED. Julius Cæsar, & The Youthful Queen. mind, and elocutionary powers seldom equalled off the stage, and not often surpassed on it. These he will, of course, bring to bear in THURS. Cymbeline, & The Forty Thieves. full force upon the illustrations which will accompany his lectures, FRI. Rienzi, William Thompson, f Free and Easy. Having already seen a syllabus of the course, we are happy to mention that it embraces a great variety of the most interesting and im. portant subjects connected with the Drama; and that we anticipate from the Lectures themselves, an intellectual treat of a novel and striking kind.
TO OUR CORRESPONDENTS. Theatrical Gossip.-A motion highly important to the interests of the drama has been made by the Hon. G. Lamb, in the House of The plethora under which we labour still continues ; but we shop Cominons. He has obtained leave to bring in a bill for the amend. get rid of it next week, by giving a double Number, in which shu ment of the laws relative to dramatic literary property; and there is be many articles of great price. at length some chance of dramatic writers being remunerated in Our Review of the Marquis of Londonderry's new work, thou proportion to the merit, or at least according to the success, of their in types, is unavoidably postponed till our next,-in which we sh48 pieces.-A new drama, adapted from the French by Mr Poole, and also present our readers with some curious traditionary notices of this entitled “ Past and Present, or the Hidden Treasure," has been pro William Wallace, illustrated by a wood-cut;-also a communicati duced with success at Drury Lane. In this piece Farren is said par by the Ettrick Shepherd ;-a Letter from Italy ;-and many oth ticularly to distinguish himself.--Miss Fanny Kemble has appeared matters. “The Abbey Garden" will appear at our earliest con in her fourth character,-Mrs Beverly, in the “ Gamester." The nience: we intend writing to the author in a few days.—The Trai audience liked her as well in this as in her former parts, and shouted lator of “ Sophia M-, a Tale of the French Revolution," has o for her in the same fashion, after the curtain fell. Charles Kemble thanks; we hope to find room for his communication ere long, bep played Beverly, and thus for the first time appeared as his daughter's We have received a letter from Mr Sang of Kirkaldy, which lover, or, to speak by the card, her husband. The French Company, would have printed had it been less personal upon Sir Henry Steua lately burnt out at the English Opera House, have had a crowded nor contained an implied compliment to ourselves at his expense. benefit at the King's Theatre ;-the attractions were Kean, Potier, We defer noticing the “ East Lothian Mutual Assurance Society and the Elephant. The French Company are henceforth to perform until we hear again from our Correspondent concerning that a at the Haymarket, until the English Opera House be rebuilt, which other Societies in the East Country.-We have an article in prepaid will probably be in the course of a few months.--The “ Twelfth tion upon the Bannatyne Club and its literary labours.-Wehsan Night" is getting up at Drury Lane, with Vestris as Viola, and Lis this week received two communications upon the subject of the Se ton, Farren, and Jones, as Malvolio, Sir Toby, and Sir Andrew. tish Academy Exhibition ;-both are well written, and, though Great preparations are making for the due celebration of the Trien. cannot insert either, we shall keep them in view in our future nial Shakspeare Festival at Stratford-on-Avon, on the 23d of April, marks.—"Medicus” is surprised at what is to us no less matter the birth-day of the Poet.-A splendid new Easter piece is preparing astonishment, that an advertisement of Day and Martin's Black both at Covent Garden and Drury Lane. On the whole, theatricals should have found its way into the Literary Journal;-these in London are rather gayer than usual, but neither of the proprie strange times !—" Proteus" has our thanks: his “Parody," perha tors of the great theatres can boast of large profits. At Covent Garden in our next SLIPPERS;-we shall see about his other communicat the nightly receipts did not average one-third of the expenditure, ex. next Saturday.-We are sorry we can be of no use to “ Jonathan cept on Miss Kemble's nights, until Miss Paton was engaged. Now M‘Robie,” whose distresses, however, do not seem of a very ho they are much improved, but it is still doubtful whether they do less kind. more than cover the expenses. At Drury Lane the average receipts " The Overwhelmed Isle" shall be inserted, but the author m are quite as good as at Covent Garden, but the salaries are much exert a little patience; we are not indifferent to his success, _"1 larger. Fortunately, most of the new pieces have been more or less Little World Within," shall have a place; also the “ Address successful.-Lord Glengall is writing another comedy.-Miss Ste Imagination," if we can find room.-We are afraid we cannot say phens is in treaty with the manager of Drury Lane.--In Paris, a new much for the verses " To Mary,"-" The Death of Mary, Queer drama by Victor Hugo, entitled “ Hernani,” is now in rehearsal Scots, "-" The Mysterious Knight, "-and" Mrs --, a Mystery
VOTICE-TO OUR READERS. In addition to the usual extensive circulation of the Literary Journal, a thousand extra copies will be djed to the impression of the present Number, which contains half a sheet of additional matter, and which will be delivered in every town of any consequence in England, Ireland, and Scotland.
at the period immediately preceding the opening of the narrative.
The quarrel betwixt the sovereigns of Germany and the Verratire of the War in Germany and France, in 1813 French Republic was, like all international quarrels, begun ead 1814. By Lieut.-General Charles William Vane, on a point of principle, which was gradually lost sight of in Marquis of Londonderry, G.C. B., G.C.H., Colonel of the progress of hostilities; and the war ended with a sinthe 10th Royal Hussars. 4to. Pp. 420. London. cere struggle on either side to get out of the scrape with Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. 1830.
the least possible loss to itself, and the greatest possible
detriment to the enemy. This struggle lay between comThis is a valuable contribution to the history of the cam- petitors by no means matched in strength. In France, the paigns in France and Germany of 1813 and 1814. The noble convulsions of the Revolution had swept away all the old chor was the accredited agent of Great Britain with the forms and etiquettes which accumulate during centuries, Northern Powers of Germany, during the continuance of retarding the transactions of business which they are that struggle which ended in the dethronementof Napoleon. meant to accelerate ; while the hostile attitude assumed by He tells a plain, straight-forward, soldier-like story, of surrounding nations had infused a spirit of unanimity ebat carne under his own observation ; and although we and nationality into the people, which the disorganising (2006 compliment him either upon the profundity or principles of the innovators had not been able to destroy. comprehensiveness of his political and tactical knowledge, In the wildest of her frenzies, France was a united nation, upen bis freedom from bias, or acuteness in penetrating and the stronger (for the time at least) because of her feintö men's characters, yet his book contains many valua- ver-fit. The rapid succession of different constitutions, and le facts, which nobody in his situation could have avoided their final merging into despotism, noways affected this ; kering, but which few besides himself have been in a si- for from the first moment of hostilities, the theoretical tuation to see. Among the most valuable parts of the vagaries of French politicians were dispersed to the four Fark, we reckon the passages which serve to throw light winds of heaven, and the war became, as in the old time, in the personal characters and projects of the Emperor a war for national ascendency. Germany, on the conAlexander, the Crown Prince of Sweden, and Prince trary, retained all the forms of a regularly constituted goKetternich ; together with those which bear testimony vernment, though the life had long fled, and the nisus which to the peculiar dangers threatening civilized Europe from should unite it into an energetic whole, no longer existed. the anomalous and unprincipled Russian empire. We have The princes of the empire, in reality independent soveben mest annoyed by his Lordship's shallow misconcep- reigns, embraced the selfish policy of each caring for himtim a to the real power which struck down Napoleon; self alone, and adopted the mistaken idea of hoping to deby his prating about insignificant squabbles concerning lay the fatal hour by holding themselves neutral, instead Atapuette at dinner-tables, when we want to hear of the of uniting to repel the common enemy. They were furimportant transactions everywhere carrying on ; and ther weakened by the extensive diffusion of revolutionthote all
, by his continually leaving his story half told, ary principles among their subjects;—principles which toich " I might say further, but the confidential cha- continued to be the war-cry of the French, long after fizete I was invested with at that period, forbids me to they had ceased to influence their actions. This opposition, peak out." This last is a paltry and egregious piece therefore, of a nation untrammelled by any old-established W aircitation. Either his knowledge respecting the in- dogmas, but well disciplined and united within itself, to trigues of that time may be uttered, or it may not. If a nation clothed in an empty show of organization, like the ixrmer, let him tell a plain tale, like a plain man ; if David, encumbered, not defended, by the armour of Saul, the latter, let him hold his tongue, and not tease us with admitted, under any circumstances, of only one issue of u lalf confidences; to say nothing of the unfairness of the contest ; although, undoubtedly, the unrivalled milimaking us pay for a half-told tale-a trick very nearly tary genius of the French leader added aim and impulse approaching to what practical jokers call “selling a bar- to the preponderancy of his arms.
, " which consists in beginning a story with a grave It is not here the place to enter into the details of the ***, and when the hearer's expectations are raised, break- contest ; the result may be shortly stated. On the 12th sice with a sneer at his credulity, for believing you had of July, 1806, sixteen Ġerman princes subscribed at Paris as thing to tell him.
the Confederation of the Rhine. They renounced by this The narrative of the noble Marquis commences with act all connexion with the German empire ; contracted a by sending in Germany towards the end of April
, 1813, perpetual offensive and defensive alliance with France, the Blomes down to the abdication of Napoleon, in April, Emperor of which nation was appointed Protector of the 21. There is a supplementary chapter relating to the Confederation, with the privilege of naming the presi
martions at the Congress of Vienna, in 1815, for the dent, (Fürst Primas.) On the 6th of August immediately kertion of which, in the present work, we can see no ensuing, Francis of Austria formally resigned the crown Fat good cause, inasmuch as the Marquis declines en and supremacy of the Holy Roman Empire. On the retrapon the history of that meeting at present. Be- 18th of August, 1807, an Imperial Decree united such of
considering the contents of the body of the work, and the western Prussian provinces as had not been incorpobesorder to convey to our readers a full impression of rated with Holland, Brunswick, Hesse-Cassel, and the bez importance, we beg leave to cast a glance backwards, southern districts of Hanover,-into a new kingdom, to
which the name of Westphalia was given. A French lace, from the lecturer's desk and from the student's hall, constitution was conferred on this new state, which was nay, the very school-boy refused to stay behind. No declared an integrant member of the Confederation of the length of way, no intervening foes, could detain them. ir Rhine, and bestowed upon Jerome Bonaparte. In 1809, The cry of “God, king, and country!" had gone forth Austria was amerced in some more of its states, which over the land. The cause was the re-integration and inwere bestowed upon Bavaria. In 1810, when Napoleon dependence of their native country, and a holier cause annexed Holland to France, he incorporated along with never inspired a warrior's zeal. Many of the princesa it from the German territory the Grand Duchy of Berg, stood cowardly or selfishly aloof, but the people rose to a a portion of the kingdom of Westphalia, and the Hanse- man. atic towns. So early as 1806, the King of Saxony had re When Sir Charles Stewart landed at Cuxhaven, be ceived from Napoleon, on his accession to the Rhenish found every thing in motion. The French were possessed Confederation, the investiture of the Duchy of Warsaw. of the principal fortresses on the Elbe, but they were
This, then, was the situation of Germany in the year threatened on all hands. Blucher was at Zwickau, with 1812, when Napoleon advanced into Russia. The whole 30,000 men; Winzingerode, with 15,000, between Mersecountry westward of the Elbe, from the Alps to the Bal burg and Altenburg; Wittgenstein and D'Yorek, having tic, was either in the immediate possession of France, or crossed the Elbe, threatened Wittenberg with 40,000; of small states which stood under its protection. The fide- Bulow, with 10,000, was observing Magdeburg ; Tetlity of these allies was secured by their being hemmed in tenborn, a Russian partisan, had pushed on to the neighon either flank by territories occupied and possessed by bourhood of Bremen with 4000 infantry and 3000 France. French princes sat on more than one throne, valry, most of them Cossacks ; 7000 Swedes occupied and in all the states, laws and institutions on the French Stralsund, and Bernadotte, with 10,000 more, was daily model had been introduced. Prussia and Austria had expected. In addition to these regular forces, the land been exhausted and disheartened by repeated defeats; and swarmed with free corps, and the peasantry were calling the Duchy of Warsaw, in the rear of the former state, for arms. On the part of the French, Davoust am was in the hands of a creature of Napoleon's.
Beauharnois had a force of 40,000 men in the north aí Nevertheless, this subjection was greater in outward Germany, chiefly distributed in garrisons; while the show than in substance. In Austria, the subtle spirit of mass of their forces, amounting to 70 or 80,000, wae Metternich had devoted all its energies to restore the fallen concentrated under Ney, between Frankfort and Wurtistate of his country. In Prussia, the genius of Frede- burg. The former body, harassed by the active partissa rick the Great was not yet extinct ;-the nation yet re- warfare of the allies, was preparing to retreat upon the membered its old ascendency in arms ; and the minister, main body; while their antagonists, inspired by revenge, Von Stein, knew how to keep alive, and turn to account, were eager to advance, the recollection. But perhaps the deepest and bitterest But the scene was altered when Napoleon toek toe 1 hatred of French ascendency, was cherished in that part field in person. Concentrating all the forces scattered of Germany where the French power seemed most firmly throughout Germany, and adding to them conscripts rooted. The French institutions had been forced upon from France, and drafts from Spain and Italy, he aryathese territories contrary to the inclinations of the people; nized, in an incredibly short space, an army of 1500 a number of French adventurers, as better acquainted men. On the 29th of April, he was at Naumburg, suwith the new arrangements, had been promoted to places perintending and directing in person the operations el of trust; and the restless spirits who had originally sup- this immense force. The reputed numerical strength of ported innovation, with a view to their own advancement, the allies somewhat outnumbered him; but part were were thus, in many instances, added to the ranks of the raw levies, and large drafts had besides been made for the disaffected. Neither were the new institutions found to purpose of watching the French garrisons, Austria, work any better than the old, for they were alien to the moreover, continued to refuse an explicit declaration of feelings and wants of the people. The daring projects of what part she intended to take in the struggle. Under Napoleon--projects in which the mass of the community these circumstances, the allied leaders rashly and premacould take no interest-called for constant supplies of turely crossed the Elbe. The result was what might troops and money, at the very moment that the closing the have been anticipated. Napoleon soon taught them, thal, ports of the Continent spread bankruptcy and beggary on although at the head of braver and more spirited armis all hands. The disaffection engendered by all these cir-than they had ever previously commanded, they were stil cumstances was heightened by recollections of the ancient opposed to their master,—to him who had beat all of them union and independence of Germany, and by that super-singly, and was now ready to beat them collectivels, ciliousness with which, amid all their amiable qualities, They came to blows at Lützen, on the 2d of May; and the French can never help treating other nations. Oil after a well-disputed battle, in which the soldiers on both was poured upon this smouldering flame by the eloquent sides displayed a most obstinate valour, the allies were and energetic writings of Arnot; and the enthusiastic forced to give way, and, shortly afterwards, to recross the ardour of Germany was only heightened by the system of Rhine. espionage which Napoleon, alarmed by the symptoms of Napoleon now advanced, and fixed himself upon the popular feeling, introduced as a kind of preventive police. Elbe, taking the country round Dresden for the centre
This was the country that Bonaparte left behind him of his operations. One part of his forces was detached when he advanced into Russia; and perhaps the con- in the direction of Berlin, another pursued Blucher aud tingent of troops from the Confederation of the Rhine the Silesian army. Nothing decisive, however, was ewhich he carried along with him, were no less useful as fected by the French commanders, whilst, on the other hostages than as soldiers. His shattered retreat was the hand, they received several severe repulses from Blucher, signal for a more unequivocal declaration of the senti- | the only surviving and worthy pupil of the great Freka ments of Prussia. In February, 1813, an alliance was rick. On the 11th of August, Austria acceded to the concluded between Russia and Prussia, for the purpose allies, and declared war against France. Head-quarters of restoring the latter state to her ancient limits, and re were shortly afterwards transferred to Prague; and the moving the influence of France from the north of Ger- three great powers being now united, it was resolved that many. The summons of Prussia was responded to by something decisive should be attempted. It appeared, the unanimous voice of Germany. It was the banner from Bonaparte's motions, that he contemplated a miof Prussia that was reared, it was her generals who centration of his force in the neighbourhood either of were intrusted with the command; but it was from every Leipzig or Dresden ; and orders were issued for drawing corner of Germany that the soldiers flocked who filled up the allied troops to a head in that neighbourhood. (pod her ranks. They came from the workshop and the pa- their advance, Napoleon threw himself into Dresden,