ePub 版

With an


History of the Public Proceedings on the Question of the vels of Mr Buckinghain during that period—what was East India Monopoly during the past Year.

said by and of him what dinners he ate—what balls be Outline of Mr Buckingham's Ertempore Descriptions danced at, and what sicknesses he suffered. of the Oriental World. 8vo. Pp. 75. London. Hurst, Chance, and Co. 1830.

Life. A Dream. From the Spanish of Don Pedro Cal. The public proceedings of the past year on the ques deron de la Barca. Edinburgh. William Blackwood. tion of the East India monopoly are novel and curious. 1830. 12mo. Pp. 106. Mr Buckingham set out from his own house in January 1829, and returned in September of the same year. Du

This little volume cannot have been published in the ring the whole of this period, (with one single interrup-drama is so different in its construction from the drama

hope of obtaining popularity, for the ancient Spanish tion,) he delivered at least one lecture every day (Sun- of modern Europe, that little interest can now be takea days alone excepted); sometimes two, and on one oc

in it save by the antiquary or the scholar. Nevertheless, casion three; and the average length of these lectures was from three to four hours. He, moreover, seized every

the translator, Mr Cowan, has executed his task with opportunity of firing off a volunteer discourse, afforded by spirit, and in the introduction which he has prefixed, he Masonic processions, Missionary meetings, balls, private evinces an accurate and extensive acquaintance with the

literature of Spain. Mr Cowan is a young man, but parties, theatres, and puppet shows. Now, though we think Mr Buckingham a shrewd and active person, we

several specimens have already appeared in the Literary are also beginning to think that there is not a little quack- Journal of his talents as a poetical translator ; and his preery in the

means he is at present taking to trumpet his own sent publication, among the few who can really judge of praises. The newspaper of one town, he tells us, discovered it, will serve to confirm the opinion which his friends en that he was at the head of all extempore orators, because he his favourite study, and we do not see why Mr Cowan

tertain of his abilities in this respect. Every man has repeated with great fluency what he had already delivered verbatim in thirty other places; and the equally sagacious should not do for the Spanish, what has already been done journal of another town found out that he ought to have by several ingenious linguists for the German drama. a seat in Parliament, because Glasgow, Birmingham, and Manchester, were not represented. At Scarborough, the Doncaster race-week proved more attractive than' Mr The Phrenologists. A Farce, in Two Acts. By The Buckingham's eloquence. Only thirty persons attended

mas Wade, Author of " Woman's Love," a Drama, &c. the lecturer, and at the suggestion of some of them, the

First performed at the Theatre-Royal, Covent Garden, conclusion of the Course (query, the race-course, or the

on Tuesday, January 12, 1830. London. J. Onwhys.

1830. course of lectures ?) was postponed for ten days. Mr Buckingham does not seem to have resumed his lectures People have turned Phrenology into all shapes—me. at the end of that interval; and we have no means of de- taphysics, poetry, and farce ; but it seems to succeed in termining whether the suggestors were instigated by a Phrenological metaphysics are downright nonbenevolent desire to share a pleasure with their absent sense ;—phrenological poetry is the dullest thing on the friends, or a selfish wish to rid themselves of an annoyance. face of the earth ; and phrenological farces are all plagiThe erudite editor of the York Courant proved, most lo- arisms, and consequently bad; for though phrenology be gically, that Mr Buckingham, having been bred a sailor, an excellent farce itself, unlike the wit of Falstaff, it is must inevitably know much more about the shipping inte- not the cause of excellent farces in others. Mr Thomas rest than Mr Sadler, who had only been bred a merchant. Wade is rather a clever young man, but his farce is rather But it would be in vain to attempt enumerating all the a stupid affair. It is difficult to paint the lily, or gild regood things said by the provincial press à propos, and infined gold ; and in like manner, it is next to impossible to praise of Mr Buckingham's itinerant eloquence, and re- caricature phrenology, or make it appear more ludicrous corded, with a most engaging modesty, by that gentleman, on the stage than it is in real life. Keeley is not more in his “ History of the Public Proceedings on the Ques- mirth-provoking than Mr Combe, nor Cranium mere tion of the East India Monopoly during the past Year ;" absurd than Dr Spurzheim. Failing, therefore, to laugh to say nothing of the ingenious and happy imitations of at a farce about phrenology so much as we do at phrenotheir eulogistic strain which he inserts while narrating logy itself, we cannot help thinking the former scarcely his feats in those districts which either possessed no news more endurable than the latter. paper, or none of sufficient taste duly to appreciate his merits. In that portion of the history which relates to his adventures in Edinburgh, Mr Buckingham quotes-The Literary and Scientific Class-Book : Adapted to the the Mercury twice,--the Courant twice,--the Observer

Use of Schools of both Sexes; with One Thousand thrice,--the Literary Journal once, and then adds, that

Questions for Examination. By the Rev. John Platts. these are “ unsought eulogies from nine papers, of all

Second Edition. London. Whittaker, Treacher, and shades in politics." Now, we are not quite certain whe

Co. 1830. 12mo. Pp. 492. ther to understand by this, that Mr Buckingham means to insinuate that our respected contemporaries change We are disposed to think highly of the work before us, their sbades of politics according to the days of the week, and esteam it well worthy the attention of teachers. or whether he means to pay a just tribute to the Literary | is divided into three hundred and sixty-five reading les Journal, by reckoning it equivalent to six newspapersman sons, that is, one for each day in the year, on a great vainterpretation which our innate modesty strongly tempts riety of subjects; fifty-two of these are devoted to what us to adopt. Of all Mr Buckingham's speeches recorded the Editor calls “ Sunday Readings,” which are placed in this History, we have been most struck with his “ Ad- at the end of the volume, distinct from the others, and dress to the ladies of Northumberland, on the burning of consist of selections from the best writers on sacred subHindoo widows, after a ball at Newcastle.” There is, jects, in poetry and prose. In this new edition, the whole besides, one very important fact to be learned from this text of the Class-Book has been revised with the greatest book, of which we believe our readers are not generally care ; a few lessons, which did not appear in accordance aware, namely, that Mr Buckingham is the East India with the general tenor of the book, bave been exchanged, Question. We prove it thus :- The book before us is and others, more applicable, substituted ; and those por entitled, “ History of the Public Proceedings on the tions which include the arts and sciences have been brought Question of the East India Monopoly during the past down, so as to include the most recent discoveries.

AN Year ;” and it relates exclusively to the voyages and tra- this must confer additional value on the work; and, after

the care which has been taken in its preparation, we can where the latter four lines, as connected with the presafely recommend it to the heads of schools and families, ceding, appear nearly unintelligible or absurd. The oriand to all who are anxious for the intellectual and moral ginal, no doubt, is allowed to contain an obscure reference, welfare of the young,

though not incapable of some elucidation. It would be better, however, to overskip it altogether, as inexplicable,

as do Messrs Tait and Brady, than to insert it in such a The Young Wanderer's Cave, and other Tales. London. questionable shape. Old Sternhold makes of it not only Whittaker, Treacher, and Co. 1830. 12mo. Pp. 316. good sense, but invests it with poetical beauty : Tais small volume is a collection of four Tales, calcu

“ And in thy congregation, all lated to infuse proper sentiments into the minds of young

Thine en'mies roar, O God, people." The Young Wanderer's Cave” is the first and

And set as signs on every wall longest of the four, and, we daresay, the best.

“ Prince

Their banners 'splay'd abroad. Bastian” is a simple story, connected with Africa and

As men with axes hew the trees her swarthy sons." Fagging” is an exposure, in a small

That on the hills do grow, way, of the very pernicious and disgraceful custom which

So shine the bills and swords of those exists in too many schools on the other side of the Tweed.

Within thy temple now.”
And " True Courage,” the last and shortest of these
Tales, inculcates a good moral.

Indeed, the superiority of the latter four lines is so de
cided, as to make us wish that they were substituted for

the objectionable part of the Scottish distich. A Concise System of Mathematics, in Theory and Prac In several other passages, our version, though it cannot

tice, for the Use of Schools, Private Students, and be impeached with incorrectness, yet adheres with such Practical Men. The Second Edition, with many im Calvinistic inflexibility to the naked Hebrew expression, portant additions and improvements. By Alexander as to make the application of such words seem, to our Ingram, Author of “ Elements of Euclid," &c. &c. conceptions, ridiculous, rather than strong or solemn, as

Of that description is Edinburgh. Oliver and Boyd. 1830. 8vo. Pp. 448. they were surely designed to be.

the verse in Psalm lxxviii. The first edition of this work, published under the

“ God's wrath upon them came, and slev title of " A Concise System of Mensuration,” met with very great success. A number of important additions

The fattest of them all;" have now been made, especially in the departments of where, as the adjective in the original signifies both a fat | Algebra, 'Land-surveying, Gauging, Mensuration of Ar man and a rich man, (somewhat like the Latin word opi

tificers' Works, the Limits of Ratios, Fluxions, and mus,) the versifier has, unfortunately, chosen the less so. Fluents, and Spherical Trigonometry. An accurate set lemn signification. Again, he might have been benefited of Logarithmic Tables has also been added, and the by worthy Sternhold, who says, much better, whole has undergone" a careful, vigorous, and minute revision." “ As an additional recommendation,” says the

“ And slew the flower of all the youth, Preface," the Publishers may venture to affirm, that while

And choice of Israel.it is

, in many respects, the most complete, it is unquestion- | The same remark may be applied to Psalm xviii. 29ably the cheapest, work of the kind ever published."

“ And by my God assisting me,


which, in the old version, is more happily expanded into


The strength of any wall." WITH A VIEW TO ITS AMELIORATION.

In Psalm xlv. 13, we have by far too meagerly and By William Tennant, Author of " Anster Fair,” &c.


Behold, the daughter of the Queen
Or the version of the Psalms at present used in our
Scottish Church, the blemishes are nearly of the same

All glorious is within ;"
Tenial character as those of Sternhold and Hopkins. which has been beaten out by Father Sternhold into the
They were occasioned to the versifier not so much, as it golden and magnificent lines-
appears, by his insensibility to the solemn dignity of the

Within her chamber she doth sit, subject, or his indexterity in the use of such rhymes and



with broider'd gold.phraseology as were considered in his day, and in his own country, duly authorized and classical ; but to the uncul. And in Psalm xlix. 18, the Orientalism is too bold to be tivated state of our Scottish literature as compared with understood by our people, though the versifier has taken that of England, and to a want of familiarity with the it literally from the prose translation : models of good taste and elegant style which had already

“ Although he his own soul did bless, become acknowledged as standards in the capital, but

Whilst he on earth did live.” * which were either little read, or not at all known, in that provincial degradation to which Scotland was then re But it is less in the important particular of translation duced. The errors, therefore, of our version consist prin that our version hallucinates ; it is principally in the cipally in such provincialisms; though, in a few places, an obscure or imperfect translation may be detected. For

Although here somewhat perhaps out of place, we may be allow. instance, in Psalm lxxiv. 5, the poetry proceeds thus ed to remark on the coincidence of the Hebrew and Arabic expres“ Amidst thy congregations

sion, “ blessing his soul," making himself happy,-a phrase corre

sponding to the Latin beare se. Queen Elizabeth's version translates Thine enemies do roar ;

this expression according to its sense, he rejoiced himself," putting Their ensigns they set up for signs

the other in the margin. Our present Bible exhibits the literal trans

lation of the Hebrew, he blessed his soul. Sir William Jones, in & Of triumph them before :

note to his Persic Grammar, under the pronoun KHUD, seems to conA man was famous, and was held

sider the idiom NEFESH, used for self, as purely of Arabic origin and

usage; whereas, from this, and perhaps other examples in the HeIn estimation,

brew Bible, it may be rather inferred that the Arabians have derived According as he lifted up

this, as well as many other idiomatic expressions of two or three His axe thick trees upon;"

thousand years standing, from Abraham, and the ancient inhabitants of Canaan,

pettier technicalities of language; in the proprieties, no with others less striking, but equally peccant against the less to be exacted, of rhyme, grammar, accentuation, pro- rules of Lindley Murray. sody, and idioin.

Amid the violations of grammar, however, I am unof rhymes, there are about fifty-five or sixty, of such willing to class the several imitations of the Hebrew rude and unseemly dissonance, as to be disavowed by all idiom throughout our Psalms, which, though not acknowears of even ordinary susceptibility, in this our well-at-ledged as correct syntax by the writers on English gramtuned generation. They were tolerated, no doubt, by our mar, do nevertheless possess, particularly on sacred sub. worthy, unfastidious grandfathers and grandmothers, and jects, a certain peculiar air of emphatic and solemn enunare all of them such as good Zacharias Boyd would have ciation. Such is the frequent use of what we may call been fain, in some of his desperate sinking moods, to up- the nominative absolute, a mode of speech which, though buoy himself upon; but they are now-a-days too unhar- not altogether unpractised by the best Greek and Latin monious to be found even in the pages of our slenderest authors, may be deemed peculiarly Hebrew, from its very pedlar-poetaster. . For we have not only words of the frequent use by the Jewish writers. In Tait and Brady's antique pronunciation ; such as, high, thee,—due, bow,

,— paraphrase, I have not observed a single instance of this me, eye-lie, ay,-king, reign, &c. ; but such as never Judaism ; in our version, we have a great many; and the did, do not now, and never will, chime together; such sentiment, instead of being impaired by the apparent disas, fram'd, ordain'd,—prove, hoof;—goes, rejoice, says, jointedness of the words, is rendered certainly more sa eyes,—wish, is approv'n, own,—tempt'd, sent,-imper- lemn and impressive. ' As examples, there are, fect, (monstrum horrendum !) writ; which are all, even The Lord he shall the people judge.”—Ps. vii. 8. for the eye to look at on paper, most hideously and repul « The tabernacles of thy grace, sively jarring. Polysyllabic words, also, of the same How pleasant, Lord, they be."

-Ixxxiv. 1. monosyllabic termination, are employed so profusely and “ And even my chosen Israel, unhesitatingly, as to impress the reader (an impression He would have none of me."-lxxxi. ll. which is inevitable) with the unskilfulness or poverty of " Those that within the house of God means of the versifier. We have, for example, the whole Are planted by his grace, multitudinous adverbial family of-ly (as in subtilly, de

They shall grow up."--xcii. 13. ceitfully); the verbal family of—ed (as in opened, pub “ Behold, he that keeps Israel, lished); the adjective family ofous (as in gracious, He slumbers not nor sleeps."—cxxi. 4. plenteous); the abstract family of—ness (as in righteous- The relative pronoun is also, according to the Hebrew ness, uprightness); all which words are too near of kin

idiom, often with grace omitted : to be married together in the bonds of rhyme. Such

“ O who is he will bring me to alliances are now, by the lawgivers of good metre, very justly proscribed. If they are used at all, the union must

The city fortify'd !”—Ps. lx. 9.

“ His net he hid withal be with words at least not consanguineous. But besides

Himself let catch."-XXXY. 8. these pseudo-rhymes, we have about thirty-five or forty double rhymes ; as, anointed, appointed,—abhor me, for

“ The testimonies he them taught me--forsake me, overtake me, &c. ; all which are not

And laws, they did not break."-xcix. 7: only in the reading ungraceful, but in the chanting pecu

As to prosody, accentuation, and idiom, the two latter liarly indecorous, bespeaking a subject rather of levity are sometimes of a growth purely Scottish ; of a propenthan of solemnity. Such bellowing and repercussive sity to the use of which, the versifier, inured as his ears rhymes are now, most judiciously, thrown out of all se

must have been to such sounds and phrases, could not rious, and are admitted only into light or ludicrous poetry. well have aivested himself. The falsely-accented words In this respect, indeed, the version of Tait and Brady may mischief, mischievous, (used repeatedly,) therefore, comfortbe considered faultless, and ought to be set up as a model ers, envy, envious, refùge, &c., sound barbarously in the to us in the North. One double rhyme, or one vicious ears of a polite congregation. Such phrases, also, as the rhyme, it will be difficult to discover in it, from beginning following, bespeak the northern soil from which they to end.

sprung : As to grammar, the imperfections are nearly as obnox

“ Froward thou kyth'st iously prominent as those in the rhyme. There occur, Unto the froward wight.Ps. xviii. 23. under that head, upwards of twenty glaring errors, that

“ Why thrusts thou me thee fro' 9"-xliii. 2. are obvious even to schoolboys. The perfect-participle,

“ Who seek my soul to spill

Shall sink.”—xxxiii. 9. the 2d person singular present, and 2d person singular preterite of the indicative, suffer most excruciation under

Her riggs thou waterest plenteously, the hands of the versifier. For instance,

Her furrows settlest.”—Xxxv. 10.

He dare make none abode.”_cxliii. 2. “ Thou cities raz'd.—Ps. ix. 6. “ For from the horns of unicorns

" The depths on trembling fell.”—Ixxvii. 16.

They gins for me have set."-cxl. 5.
An ear to me thou gave.-xxii. 21.

“ Thou also most entirely art
Thou wastes his beauty like a moth.”_xxxix. 11.
“ For thou them favour gave."-xliv. 3.

Acquaint with all my ways.”_cxxxix. 3.. “ On thou went.”-1. 18.

On the head of idiom, I am not sure but a hypercritical South “ Thou their number took."_lvi. 8.

ron might object to the first line of the 23d Psalm “ And thou the dragon's head, O Lord,

" The Lord's my shepherd, l'U not want;" Within the waters brake.”-lxxiv. 23.

where ru, contrary to the English idiom, which is I will, is, accord

ing to the vulgar usage of Scotland, used for I shall. Certainly the “ From heav'n thou judgment caus'd be heard." Psalmist means to express his assured conviction thus "As the Lord

-lxxiv, 8. is my shepherd, it cannot be that I shall want:" not his determined

resolution to do any thing soever, commit wrong or violence, rather “ Thou was a God that gave.”-xcix. 8.

than submit to endure want, which is suggested by I'll-/ vill not For thou hast lift me up on high."—cii. 10.

want-I am resolved not to want.

An orthodox or scrupulous divine may also object to the lines in “ Remember, Lord, the gracious word

Psalm cxlv. 20—
Thou to thy servant spake."-cxix. 49.

“ The Lord preserves all, more and less,
Thy judgment righteous, O Lord,

That bear to him a loving heart ;" Which thou of old forth gave.”-cxix. 52. where the words more and less, are generally understood as adverbs “ For thou well understands

qualifying the verb preserve, which conveys a meaning that may be

at least disputable; but it is probable that the compiler used them All my complaint and moan."-cxliii. 6.

as adjectives in apposition with all, in the sense of greater peapide “ Thine hand thou openest liberally,

(majores) and less, high and low-a meaning in which these words

are repeatedly found, as well in the old English as in the old ScotAnd of thy bounty gives, " cxlv. 10;

tish versions.

Equally irregular and unauthorised is the prosody; to For he remembers we are dust, such a degree, that our Scottish precentor must needs

And he our frame well knows; have accurate poetical ears to determine the quantities Frail man ! his days are like the grass, and metrical feet of the lines they are directed to sing.

Like flower in field he grows : So perplexing and misleading are these irregularities, that For over it the wind doth pass, the audience are frequently chanting one syllable, when

And it away is gone ; the precentor has either anticipated them, or been antici. And of the place where once it was, pated by them with another. Indeed, the gra.nmatical

It shall no more be known."-ciii. 13. figures, called by the learned Synæresis and Diæresis, But it would be endless, as it is unnecessary, to quote all are of by far too frequent occurrence. They are met the fine passages ; and of the bad, enough have been alwith, not only in separate lines, as,

ready quoted or referred to for the object in view : the “ And over Zion, my holy hill.”—Ps. ii.

good have been exhibited in connexion with the bad for “ The nations of Canāān."_lxxviii. 55.

the purpose of showing by juxtaposition the unsecmliness “ By him the spirits sball be cut off.”-lxxviii. 8. of such an inharmonious union, and that an occasion might “ O Lord, be gracious unto us

be taken of expressing regret that such deformed misUnto us gracious be.”—cxxii. 3.

proportions have been already so long allowed to afford so # The idols of the nations,

justifiable a pretext for disparaging our Scottish psalter. Of silver are, and gold ;

Many of the psalms—those that afford the best and most And by the hands of men is made

frequent subjects for church melody, and are, therefore, Their fashion and mould."—cxxxv. 15.

become most familiar to the minds and the lips of our most “ And plentěoŭs redemption.”—cxxx. 7;

aged and worthy kirk-attending people, require the least but they occur, side by side, in a short line of six syl- emendation, so that their prejudices (and in that class Lables, as,

principally would prejudice against a change exist)

would be the more easily got over. And in the business “ Come, let us cut them off, said they,

of purification, should it, as is hoped, ere long take place, From being a nation."--Ixxxiii. 4.

no verse should be touched that is not confessedly in And we have also too many instances of that audacious some important respect faulty ; moreover, the labours of figure, yclept epenthesis, (or the elongation of a word,

the emendator might be, in a considerable degree, lightProcrustes-like, for the sake of the verse,) in commanděá ened and abridged by his resorting, as he ought to do, ment, handywork, rememberance; words which have no

wherever it can well be done, to the ancient versions of competent English authority, and ought therefore to be Scotland and England, where many passages, having the excluded.

stamp of energetic antiquity set bright upon them, might I do not know whether it be sufficiently ascertained be selected and substituted for the objectionable ones to that but one versifier turned all those of our psalms be displaced.* And where a rifacimento is imperiously which are not borrowed from the older versions ; but necessary, the language should be carefully studied and they seem of merit so unequal as to induce a suspicion moulded so as to appear, if possible, of the same thread that different hands have been at the work. Many of and colour with the more antique texture of the work,

them are either, in whole or in part, excellently execu- and combine as much Bible-sublimity and simplicity as i ted; and, considering the difficulty that attends the com- is compatible with the cramping restrictions of the metre, bination of rhyme with sublimity in that narrow species and

Brady's production, that paraphrastic and strength

so as to avoid, what is the great blemish of Messrs Tait of couplet to which they are restricted, they may be considered as the finest specimens we have in our language of less prolixity into which a versifier, from the present dissublime rhyming-translation. Milton himself, in the few torted state of the English language, is now most apt to

fall. psalms he has attempted to translate, has attained by no • means their ease, and hardly their elevation. How ele Devongrove, Clackmannanshire, gantly and forcefully compressed into the following four

February 3, 1830. line couplet, is the sense of these two verses of Psalm Xxxvii!“ I have seen the wicked in great power, and

FINE ARTS. spreading himself like a green bay tree; but he passed away; and, lo! he was gone; I sought him, but he could THE FOURTH EXHIBITION OF THE SCOTTISH ACADEMY. not be found.”

(Second Notice.) “ I saw the wicked great in power,

We proceed to offer some remarks upon that class of Spread like a green bay-tree;

our living artists, to whom we are willing to attribute a He pass'd ; yea, was not; him I sought,

higher ambition, and more generous notions, respecting But found he could not be.”

the capabilities of their art.+

Mr ALLAN. The merits and defects of this artist have With what little alteration upon the words, and what emphatic simplicity, are the sublime third and fourth been so frequently discussed, that it would only be was

ting the reader's time to go over the ground again. verses of Psalm xciii. moulded into

His “ Jonah” is a fine, though unequal painting. It is “ The foods, O Lord, have lifted up, Have lifted up their voice;

• There is no apparent necessity for double versions of the same

Psalm, even should both versions be good; but when one version is The floods have lifted up their waves,

good and the other bad, or indifferent, the inferior one ought to be And made a mighty noise :

suppressed. Tait and Brady have no double versions; and in all

our double-versioned Psalms, one of them is generally bad, and selBut yet the Lord, that is on high,

dom or never sung. It might, therefore, be well spared. of the Is more of might by far

121th Psalm, the stanza of the 2d version is very justly gone into

desuetude. It is an absurd one, which our versifier has taken from Than noise of many waters is,

Sternhoid: he has borrowed Sternhold's first distich, which accents Or great sea-billows are !"

truly on the second syllable; he has endeavoured to remould the

other stanzas for himself, but has forgotten, or not at all known, the And—but once more-how sweetly-solemn and tender order of rhymnes to which the first stanza necessarily subjected him.

† Accidents will happen in the best regulated families; and this is are the verses,

the only reason we can give for passing over in silence, Jast Satur. “ Such pity as a father hath

day, when talking of the portraits, the very pleasing and ladylike

portraits of Mr Francis Grant. The truth is, we do not much like Unto his children dear,

the display of marching round the room with a catalogue in one hand Like pity shows the Lord to such

and a pencil in the other, jotting down our luminous conceptions as they arise ; and as we therefore

write from memory alone, we may As worship him in fear ;

pass by in silence what we should

wish to notice.

scarcely such a subject as suits Allan's peculiar powers. 'cially inculcate on Mr Dyce, that a painter should form But who has forgotten the “Circassian Slaves," or the his theory of colour upon his own feelings—not upon ab“ Death of the Regent Murray ?” and remembering them, stract doctrines respecting the nature of light inferred who but must acknowledge their author to be a painter of from experiments. He is liable, no doubt, to be misled great talent, and yet greater knowledge ?

from any peculiar conformation of his own eye, but this Mr GRAHAM.—This gentleman has studied at Rome, liability he can never counteract from another's teaching. and with no inconsiderable success. He has a good no. All experiments, moreover, are fallacious ; they give us tion of the beauties of form and colour, and considerable not free and living nature, but a body stretched upon the skill in the management of light and shade. His manj. rack. We have entered into this expostulation with Mr pulation is that of a man who knows what he is about; Dyce because we know that he labours hard and consci. and the characteristic of his paintings is probably sweetentiously in his vocation. We might have cut the matness, rather than power. They who know any thing of ter short by telling him that his style was not likely to the art will be aware, that though we do not use any hy be popular, but this is an argument which we believe him perbolical language, we thus rate Mr Graham's abilities to be above listening to. Besides, his pictures are posand acquirements high ; and we bear him this testimony sessed of beauties which even those least accustomed to with pleasure. But we regret to be obliged to add, that his style may appreciate. The fine carnation in the we do not think he has of late been turning his talents to Young Hercules, the gorgeous colouring of the snakes, that purpose he might do. He seems originally to have and the expression of forcibly tearing them asunder, mast formed his style of colouring too servilely upon that of be felt by all. The breathing slumberous look in his the old Italian masters; and when he was necessitated, in “ Golden Age,” and the fine piece of landscape in the dispainting portraits, to approach nearer to the colour of our tance, are in like manner obvious excellencies. Neither northern nature, there was at first a chalkiness and raw can the strength and richness in the colouring of his ness in his carnations-as in his Sir Walter Scott exhibited “ Flora” escape observation. What we chiefly desiderate last year. In this respect he now succeeds better ;-bis in this artist's works, is passion. portrait of Mrs Boyle is very pleasing. But we think he i We take Mr LEES next to Dyce and Graham, as hastill deficient in seizing the character of his sitters ; as in ving studied in the same school. We are not sure but he his portrait of Mrs Maxwell of Terraughty. Sometimes, is superior to both in native feeling, and in conception, too, his conceptions seem (what we should not have ex- .although he is still behind them in the power of expree pected from him) rather vulgar; as, for example, in his sion. There is a great deal of impressive dignity in the portrait of a Lady in a Grecian costume. It is but fair, bearing of his Milton. The daughter, with her face tohowever, to notice, that he has two portraits of Children wards the spectator, seemingly rapt in the “ numerous in this Exhibition, (Nos. 66 and 271,) done in a style verse" flowing with majestic harmony from the lips of peculiar to himself, and extremely pleasing. It is his the blind old bard, is likewise very fine. And there is fancy pieces that we feel most inclined to challenge. His something in the rich yet quiet tone of the landscape be“ Lady and Butterfly,” and his “ Lady looking at a hind, which harmonizes admirably with the subject. Mr Drawing,” are mere repetitions of his “ Love-Letter," Lees' other works are all respectable, but we do not think and its companion, which he exbibited last year. We that he has come up in any of them to the excellence of dislike this style of painting ;-it is essentially hollow the picture we have just mentioned. His “ Music" (281) and meretricious—calculated to catch the eye by the ef- is too much like some of Graham's works, and, what is fect of exaggerated lights and transparent shadows. А worse, too much like some which are not exactly Graham's man of Mr Graham's talents should trust to solid good happiest efforts. painting-to form, expression, and arrangement. If he Mr Lauder.-We regret that there is no work by this compare the two pictures we are speaking of with their artist in the Exhibition calculated to give a correct estiprototypes of last year, his own good sense will tell him mate of his powers. His “ Portrait of a Lady" (221) that he is wasting his time with unsubstantial trickery, shows him to possess a fine eye for colours, and a just and depraving his taste by the practice. We know that conception of the manner of heightening their effect by he has hit the town between wind and water by these judicious arrangement. His “ Sentinels” (157) show means, but a popularity so earned cannot last—and though his mastery in light and shade ; and, for its style of exeit could, it is an ambition unworthy of him.

cation, indicating in the painter a complete practical Mr Dyce is another of our Romans. He has form- knowledge of his art, we do not hesitate to write down ed his style still more decidedly upon the old Italian mas this picture the best in the Exhibition. But still he ters than Mr. Graham-too decidedly, in our opinion ; has no work which proves with what care he has cultibut Mr Dyce, we know, acts upon principle and reflec vated his taste for the high and classical style of art. Mr tion, and where a man does this, his opinions are always Lauder has sought to mature natural talents of the very deserving of respect. Mr Dyce's view of the subject (as highest order, by a really scientific study of his profesfar as we can infer it from his own works) seems to be, sion; and we have no doubt, that when Italy has once that all attempts to imitate accurately the effects of light laid open her rich stores to a mind so apable of feeling upon the surface of external bodies, ought to be sacrificed, their ennobling influence, he will justify us in the eyes in a great measure, to the object of bringing together of those who, not knowing him, may think us rash in masses of local colour, placed in decided contrast. The designating him, upon the strength of what he has already whites, he thinks, and carnations, ought to be always done, the artist of most promise among us. We rated very much toned down; and in selecting his colours, he him last week for laziness; and when we consider that he does not guide himself so much by the effect the objects has only two pictures in the Exhibition, (the catalogue he intends to represent produce upon his own eye, as by says four, but, though we might allow another artist to what experiment persuades him they ought to produce. reckon the two we have passed over, we cannot allow These seem to be the ground principles of Mr Dyce's him,) we shall not say that we repent of what we have theory of colouring. Now, we are aware that the prac- done. He will tell us, in all probability, that it does not tice of some of the greatest Italian masters seems to coun follow he has been idle because we see no results; and we tenance this. We are farther aware, that there is a know that he is too much enamoured of his art not to be simplicity and severity about this style of colouring which constantly occupied with it; but this is not enough. He harmonizes admirably with grand subjects. But we works for the public, and the public have a right to see think it is misplaced in such subjects as Mr Dyce has that he does work. hitherto been painting ; and we know that many of the We suspect our friend Duncan will be not a little surearly painters adopted it, not from preference, but be- prised at finding us class him along with these theorists. cause they knew of no other. We would, besides, espe- | We know that he believes himself to be a rank naturalist,

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