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The Words are Philip's, whe, no sooner SÊ RM. obeyed our Saviour's Call, and was convinced of his being the Mefah, but he generously and pioully fought for his Friend Nathaniel; (the same very probably who is elsewhere called Bartholomew) to discover the impor: tant News to him. And having found him, he immediately reveals the happy: Tidings, never stays to introduce it with any formal Harangue, but, as if full and overflowing with the joyful Discovery, at once breaks out into a Relation of the Matter; We have found bim, of wham Mofes in the Law, and the Prophets did write, Jesus of Nazareth the Son of Jofeph. We, i. e, bimself and Andrew and Peter and another Disciple of St. John the Baptift, who had found and been with him the Day before'; we have found (faith he): the Meshas; for that Prophet which Moses and the Prophets did say Nould come, who is no other than Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of Jofeph. He calls him Jesus of Nazareth, either because he as yet knew nothing of Bethlebem's being the Place of his Birth; or if he did know it, because he also knew that Nazareth was the Place of his Abode, and that he was for that Reason (as the Scriptures also give us to understand) called a Nazarite or Nazarene. As to his
calling him the Son of Joseph, that might probably be owing to the vulgar Opinion, according to which yoseph, we know, was his reputed Father, insomuch that St. Luke, c. iii. 21. when he reckons
first View of the Words, the full Meaning of them appears to be this, viz.
That Jesus of Nazareth the Son of yofeph, was the Mesah foretold by Moses and the Prophets. This Proposition therefore I Thall undertake to establish; and to make it as clear and as plain to you as possible, I shall observe the easy and natural Method, viz.
I. I shall first enquire what those Things are, which Mofes in the Law, and the Prophets did write concerning the Meffab; and then ; II. Secondly, I shall few how all those Things were punctually fulfilled in Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of Jofeph.
51. By the first will be discovered the several Marks by which the Mefiah when he came swas to be known :
By the second it will appear that all these Marks concurred in Jejus, from whence it
will follow beyond all Contradiction, that SERM. the Words of Philip in my Text are true, viz. That Jesus of Nazareth, the Son of Joseph, was the Messiah foretold by. Moses and the Prophets.
1. First then I am to enquire what those Things are which Mofes in the Law and the Prophets did write concerning the Messiah, i. e. what is written in the Old Testament concerning him; for under Moses and the Prophets all the Books of the Old Testament are comprehended. By Mofes (which the Jews always name separately, as being the first and greatest of the Prophets) are to be understood the five Books which he wrote; by the Prophets are included all the rest. Except sometimes the Psalms be added, which then comprehend not only the Psalms, but the Books also of yob and of Solomon, and some others: But these at other Times, when only Moses and the Prophets are mentioned, are comprehended under the latter.
In the Prosecution of my Discourse, I shall begin with Mofes, and first enquire what Predictons the Law or Pentateuch gives us of the Mesab, and then shall proceed to see what is foretold of him in the rest of the Books of the Old Testament; though I shall
not pretend to give you all the Prophecies we meet with concerning him, which would be an endless Task; but only to collect some of the plainest and most useful to direct us in finding out the Messiah. And all the Way I shall take Occasion to observe to you how gradually the Notices and Characters of him were given. Insomuch that almost every Time the Promise of him was renewed, or his coming forétold, some new Revelation relating to him was made, which still gave fome fresh Light, by which he might be discovered from any false Pretenders to the Character,
The first Revelation of him is as ancient as the Offence of Adam in Paradise, who had no sooner broken the first Covenant by eating the forbidden Fruit, and fo subjected his whole Posterity to the Power and Dominion of the Devil; but God cuts off the Hopes the Devil might entertain that his Conquest was compleat, and his Dominion Jasting, by afsuring him that in Time even the Seed of the Woman, which he had now deceived, should repair the Loss by destroying his Kingdom, Gen, i. 15. I will put Enmity (faith God) between thee and the Woman, and between thy Seed and ber Seed, he fall bruise
thy Head, and thou shalt bruise bis Heel. This SE R M.
Í. imported that one, in Time, should be born of a Woman, who thould trample under Foot the Power of Sin now introduced, and of Satan who introduced it. And so the anci. ent Jews understood it, as appears from the Paraphrase of Jonathan on the Place, which concludes thus: They, the Sons or Seed of the Woman, shall have a Remedy, but thou shalt have none : For they shall apply a Medicine to their Heel, in the Days of Meffiah their King. But a Promise of a Redeemer in general being here sufficient to allay the Fears of a general Ruin; God does not see fit to be
any further particular, than to promise that Man fhall in Time recover his Fall, and that by the Aflistance of one born of a Woman, who shall put an end to the Dominion the Serpent had now gain’d by the Deceit and Guile with which he had imposed upon that Sex, And
upon this general Promise the World relied, without knowing who, or from whence the Deliverer should be, for above 2000 Years ; till upon the Call of Abraham the Father of the Faithful, God was pleased to reveal to him, that it was in him and bis Seed, that he designed all Nations of the Earth should be blessed, Gen, xii. 3.