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Sacrament once was, it always will be, con- s E £ M. sequently it will not only be a Representation or Commemoration of Christ's Sacrifice made to God j but it will be also a Consignation of all the great Benefits procured by that Sacrifice to all faithful Communicants. For so our Saviour's Words imply: For he not only faid, Do this for a Memorial of me: i. e. Represent my Death in this Manner to the Father; but he faid also, Take, eat, This is my Body which is given for you; and— Drink ye all of this ; for this is my Blood of the New Testament, which is shed for you, and for many for the RemiJJion of Sins: Intimating that by their partaking, in such Manner, of his substituted or facramental Body and Blood, they should partake of, or communicate in, all the high Benefits, Graces, and Blessings, which the Oblation and Sacrifice of his real Body and Blood was offered to procure. For the sacramental or symbolical Body and Blood, were instituted to supply the Place of the natural; and to be in Construction and beneficial Effect, the fame Thing with it *, And therefore after Consecration, they are called by the Names of what they are Pledges of, and are ordained to convey,
* Waterland on the Eucharist, p. 329.
N 4 because
SER U.because though not literally, yet in just Construction and certain Effect, they are the very Things which they are called, /. e. the Body and Blood of Christ to all worthy Receivers: While they are made use of in the holy Service, they are construed and understood, (pursuant to the Divine Promise and Covenant) as standing for what they represent and exhibit *. By partaking of the holy Elements we become one Flesh, and one Blood with Christ, in the fame Sense, as all the Members of the Church are one Body with him. We carry Christ about us, as being mystically united to him. His Body and Blood are considered as intermingled with ours, when the Symbols of them really and /IricJly are so. Consequently the Benefits are completely the fame; God, who accepts of such symbolical'Union, making it to all faving Purposes and Intents, as effectual, as any the tnoft real could be. Such was the End of the Institution of the Eucharist, and such is the high Privilege we are admitted to by it: If with a true and penitent Heart'; and lively 'Faith, we receive that holy Sacrament, we then (as our Church speaks) spiritually eat the Flesh of Christ and drink his Blood; we dwell in Christ, and Christ in us; we are one with S E R M. Christ, and Christ with us. What farther, Blessings that mystical Union must draw along with it, I have not now Time to fay : 'But having now shewed that this Ordinance is not only a positive, but also a rational Service; that it is such a one as the Reason of it, as well as the Command appears j we may hope that all who are influenced by Reason, instead of questioning the Expediency of the Institution, and undervaluing or lessening it's Virtues and EffeSls; will obediently and diligently submit to the one, and with Joy and Thankfulness aspire to the other.
* Walerland, p. I<,g, ZOO.
HEB. IX. 7, 11, 12.
Priep alone, once every Year, not without
the Errors of the People.
good Things to come, by a greater and more perfect Tabernacle, not made with Hands,
that is to say, not of this Building ; Neither by the Blood of Goats and Calves, but
by his own Blood, be entered in once into the holy Place, baving obtained eternal Redemption for us.
the Nature and Office of the High Priesthood SERM. amongst the Jews : Which, being a Priesthood instituted by God himself, will furnish us with the truest Notion of a Priest ; and being instituted as a Type of what the Meffiah was to do, when he came, will best instruct us how far Jefus acted as the Messiah, in his priestly Character, in what he has done, and continues to do for the Expiation of the Sins of Men.
The Time, which the Remainder of what is needful to be said upon this Subject will require, will spare me none for a Recapitulation of what I have faid already : For the Contents of my last therefore I must trust to your Memories : Only I shall remind you that in describing the Office of the High Priest of the Yews, I observed to you that after the Sacrifice was offered, and the Blood of it shed in the outward Court, a proper Emblem of the Place of Mortality, the Priest was in the next Place to carry the Blood into the inmost, or most holy Place of the Tabernacle, and there to sprinkle it upon and before the Mercy Seat. It was not enough for him, on this Day, to pour out the Blood on the brazen Altar in the outward Court ; nor to sprinkle it before the