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IX.

se R M. ing all Things that should come upon him,

went forth; John xviii. 1, 4. i. e. went forth to put himself in Judas's Way, who, with a Band of armed Soldiers, was waiting to apprehend him. What follows, you know: But I have no Occasion to recount any Thing of his Sufferings between his Apprehension and his Cross : For it was there that the Sacrifice he had consecrated was slain : There the Body that was prepared for him was pierced, and his Blood poured forth; and when poured forth, then was that next Act of his Priesthood performed : Instead of spilling the Blood of a Goat, which heretofore the High Priest of the Jews offered up for the Sins of his Nation, the holy Jesus yeilded and poured forth his own Blood for the Sins of all Mankind in general, and underwent, in our Stead, the Penalty which we had all incurred.

This all the holy Penmen are unanimous to affirm.

He who knew no Sin, faith $t. Paul, was made Sin for us: 2 Cor, v. 21. The Just suffered for the Unjust, faith St. Peter, 1 Pet. iii. 18. His own self bare our Sins in his own Body on the Tree, faith St. Peter again, chap. ii. 24. He gave his Life a Ransom for many, says Jefus himself, Mat. xx. 28. which

the

SER M.

IX.

the Apostle expounds by, He gave himself a Ransom for all: 1 Tim. ii. 6. And lastly, or rather before them all, the Evangelical Isaiah prophetically proclaims, that He was wounded for our Transgresions; be was bruised for our Iniquities; the Chastisement of our Peace was upon him, and with bis Stripes we are healed. . All we like Sheep have gone astray, we have turned

every one to his own Way, and the Lord bath laid on him the Iniquity of us all. Isaiah liii. 5, 6. According to what St. Paul affirms in another Place, Christ bath redeemed us from the Curse of the Law, being made a Curse for us, Gal. iii. 13.

The Jews, it is true, who were the Instruments of his Death, neither proposed nor foresaw such happy Effects from it. They and the Soldiers were the Instruments, I say, of (laying him, but not with any Intent of a Sacrifice. His Death was all that was intended by them; his Death as a Sacrifice was designed only by himself. Of a Truth (fay the Disciples, with one Accord) against thy holy Child Jesus, whom thou hast anointed, both Herod and Pontius Pilate, with the Gentiles and people of Israel, were gathered together, for to do whatsoever thy Hand, and thy Counsel determined before to be done, Acts iv.

27,

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SER M.

IX.

27, 28. The same which St. Peter had declared to the Men of Israel before. Him being delivered by the determinate Counsel and Foreknowledge of God, ye have taken, and by wicked Hands have crucified and sain, chap.

ii. 23:

But I seem now to be considering our Lord under the Notion of a Sacrifice, which is a Subject more proper for another SeasonIt is

my Business at present to represent him as a Priest: And having done this already so far as to shew, that he had a proper Sacrifice to offer, which he consecrated himself, and which was duly offered in our Stead; I should next proceed to shew how our Lord regularly went on to perfect and finish it. But as this will lead me further than the Time will allow me at present; I must reserve the Prosecution of it till the next Opportunity, when I shall have more Room to treat on so high and lofty a Subject, in such Manner as it deserves. In the mean while, that you may the better understand what is to follow, I must beg of you to retain what I have said already carefully in your Memory. And permit me to make an Observation in the Close, concerning the Reason why our Blessed Lord, in the Institution of the Eucharist, or the Sacrament of the Lord's Supper, appointed the Elements

of

of Bread and Wine to be the outward Signs of SER M.

IX. his Body and Blood, the Oblation of which we therefore commemorate and represent to the Father. For from what has been said it appears that Christ did actually devote him. self to his Sufferings and Death, by breaking of Bread, and pouring forth Wine before his Father, as Symbols or Signs of his Body and Blood, which he was preparing to yield up unto Death upon the Cross. And therefore since he was pleased to institute, and in his holy Gospel to command us to continue a perpetual Memorial of that his precious Death, until his coming again, and to plead the Merits of it with his Father in Heaven ; what more significant or apposite Rite could he have instituted for this End, than that which he did institute, and has commanded us to perform. And by doing this, by doing as he did, and as he commanded us to do, we make the most lively Representation to God, of the Sacrifice which Christ himself offered for all our Sins : For first the Minister, by taking the Bread into his Hands and breaking it, makes a Memorial to God of our Saviour's Body broken upon the Cross; and by taking the Cup, into which the Wine has been poured, he also represents to him his Blood there shed;

and

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IX.

my Body

SERM and by laying his Hands on each of them,

whilft he repeats those Words of our Blessed
Lord himself-Take eat, for this is
which is given for you

and Drink ye all of this, for this is my Blood of the New Testament, which is shed for you; he signifies and acknowledges and represents to God and all that are present, that under these Types, and by these Signs, Christ devoted himself to the Father; and that this Memorial of his Oblation under the same Types, and by the same Signs, is a Means instituted by Christ hiinself, to convey to the Communicants all the Benefits which his Death procured. For the Words then spoken by our Blessed Lord carry in them a Promise, as well as a Rule ; a Promise that what was then done, when our Lord himself administered this holy Sacrament to the blessed Apostles, will be always done in the Celebration of the Eucharist. If the Elements were then fanctified or consecrated into representative Symbols of Christ's Body and Blood; --- If this was intended by the Words, This is my Body, &c. and This is my Blood, &c. fo it is now. For though the Words were but once spoken by our Lord, yet they are in full Force and Virtue still, and will be so always, to the End of the World. What the

Sacrament

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