« 上一頁繼續 »
FKOM A BELFAST PAPER.
be refused not to hold, and pleased rather to be Augustus, incleed, the same author asserts, for. called defender of the holy Roman church, than bade the publication of the former to be continued; emperor of the world. And lest the peace of our but there is no reason to think this prohibition ex. bord the Pope shoul: suffer any disturbance by the tended to the latter. It is certainly suitable to the noise secular affairs, he left the city, and bestowed genius of an absolute monarchy that its councils it on the Pope, and founded the city of Constantino. should not be publicly known; but the amusing and ple for bis own habitation. London also, in these trifling topics of discourse, which the common latter times, bath brought famous and magnificent events of a great city afford, are so far from being princes; Maud, the empress, king Henry third, offensive under such a constitution, that they raand Thomas the archbishop, a glorious chartyr of ther serve to draw off the minds of the people Christ, tban whom no man was more innocent, or from enquiring into affairs of a more important and more devoted to the general good of the Latio secret nature. world.
The antiquaries pretend to have discovered some of these papers. Those which relate to the 58 5tb.
year of Rome, were first published by Pighius, in Ancient Roman Newspapers. his Annals. He tells us that they were given to
him by James Susius, who found them among the As we are apt to look either with an eye of papers of L'idovicus Vives. He does not seem to contempt or surprise, on the customs of other. na. have the least doubt of their being genuine, and tions which differ from our own, so we cannot even makes use of them to correct a passage in belp being pleased with any which bear some de Livy: Dodwell also inserted them in his Camde. gree of resemblance to those of our country; the nian Lectures, together with some additional feia pleasure seems to be stronger the further we carry of the year of Rome 691. A friend of his, Adrian our views back into ancient times, and ohserve this Beverland, had received them from Isaac Vossius, analogy of fashions; whether the veneration usually who transcribed them from a parcel of inscriptions. paid to antiquity itself heightens the satisfaction, which Petavius had prepared for the press. or whether we regard it as the voice of naiure,
I shall now venture to make a few extracts from pronouncing such a custom rational and useful, the papers themselves, observing only, that the by the consent of distant ages. To apply this ge. names of Pxulus Emilius, the conqueror of Maceneral remmark to a particular instance: every body don, Popilius Lenas, the famous ambassador, Julius, mus: allow that newspapers, by the materials Cæsar, Cicero, and Hortensius, give an air of impor. they afford for discourse and speculation, contribute tance and perhaps occasion the most trifling cirvery much to the amusement of the public; their cumstances being mentioned. cbeapness brings them into universal use; their va. I have purposely kept as close to the originals as riety'adapts them to every one's taste; the scholar possible, that the form and manner of drawing learns what is going on in the literary world; the them up may be preserved: soldier makes a campaign in safety, and censures "A. V C. 585. 5th of the Kulends
of April. the conduct of generals, without fear of being pu
The Fasces with Emilires the Consul. nisked for mutiny: the politician, inspired by the The consul, crowned with laurel, sacrificed at fumes of the coffee.pot, unravels the knotty in the temple of Apollo. The senate assembled at trigues of ministers; ibe industrious merchant ob- the Curia Ilostilia, about the 8th hour; and a serves the course of trade, and the rates of ex decree passed that prætors should give sentence cbange; and the honest shopkeeper nods over the according to the edicts which were of perpetual account of a robbery and the price of the markets, validity. This day, M. Scapula was accused of an till his pipe is out.
act of violence before C Bæbius the prætor. - Fif. One may easily imagine that the use and amuse teen of the judges were for condemning him, and ment resulting from these diurnal histories, render thirty-three for adjourning the cause. them not likely to be confined to one part of the
4th of the Kulends of April. globe, or one period of time. The relations of The Fasces with Licinins the Consul. China, mention a gazette published there by au. It thundered, and an oak was struck with light. thority, and the Roman historians sometimes quote ning on that part of Mount Palatine called Summe the Acta Diurna, or Daily Advertisers, of that Velia, early in the afternoon. A fray happened in, empire.
a tavern at the lower end of Banker's-street, in The Acta Diurna, were journals of the common which the keeper of the log in Armour tavern, occurrences of Rome, as the trials, elections, pu. was dangerously wounded. Tertinius, the Ædile, nishroents, buildings, deaths, sacrifices, prodigies, fined the butchers for selling meat which had not &c. composed under the direction of the magis. been inspected by the overseers of the markets. traies, committed to their care, and laid up with The fine is to be appropriated to build a chapel the rest of their records, in an edifice called the to the temple of the goddess Tellus. Hall of Liberty. Like all other public papers, the
3d of the Kalends of April. access to them was easy. The historians appear,
The Fasces with Æmilius, as already noticed, to have collected materials It rained stones on Mount Veientine. Posthum!is, from them; nor is it improbable that copies were the tribune, sent his beadle to the consul, that he frequently taken by particular persons, and dis- should not convene the senate on that day, but the persed about the city, or sent to their friends in tribune Decimus putting in his velo the affair went the provinces, that no Roman might be ignorant no further. even of the minutest event which happened in the
Pridie. Kal. April. metropolis of the world.
The Fasces with Licinius. Sentonious mentions a little particularity with The Latin festivals were celebrated; a sacrifice regard to these Acta Diurna, which may serve to performed on the Alban Mount, and a dole of raw confirm the notion of their bearing a pretty near Alesh distributed to the peuple. A fire happened resemblance to our newspapers. He says that “Ju. on Mount Culius; two trisula and five bouses were lius Cæsar in his consulship ordered the diurual consumed to the ground, and four damaged. Deacts of the senate and the people to be published.”Swiphon, the famous pirate, who was taken by Lici
mi'is Nerv., a provincia! lieutenant, was sacrificed., should be repaired for twenty-five sesterces. Q. The red standard was displayed at the capitol, and Hortensius harangued the people about the centhe consuls obliged the youth who were enlisted sorsbip, and the Allobrogic war. Advice arrived for the Macedonian war, to take a new oath in the from Etruria, that some of the late conspirators Campus Martius.
had begun a tumult, headed by L Sergius." Kal. Apr.
An admirer of antiquity may, perhaps, find Paulus, the consul, and Cn. Octavius, the prætor, the same conciseness, clearness, and simplicity in get out on this day for Macedonia in the habits of the Acta Diurna, which so eminently distinguish war, vast numbers of people attending them to the inscriptions upon the medals and public mo. the gates. The funeral of Mercie was performed numents of the ancients. I must, however, own with greater pomp of images than attendance of that they want that sprightly humor and diffuse
The pontifex Sempronius proclaimed kind of narration which embellish the compositions the Megalesian plays in honor of Cybele.
of our modern natural historians.-The Roman ga. 4th of the Nones of April.
zettes are defective in several material ornaments A ver sacri:m was vowed pursuant to the opinion of style. They never end an argument with the of the college of priests. Presents were made to mystical hint-"This occasions great speculation." the ambassadors of the Etolians. Ebusius, the They seem to have been ignorant of such engaging prætor, set out for his province of Sicily. The introductions as "we hear" -"it is strongly reBeet stationed on the African coast, entered the ported;"- and of that ingenious but threadbare port of Ostia with the tribute of that province. An excuse for a downright lie-"it wants confirma. entertainment was given to the people by Marcia's tion;" nor do they seem to have been aware of ibe sons at their mother's funeral. A stage play was advantages of inserting a faisehood one day, in or. acted this day, being sacred to Cybele.
der to revive it by a downright contradiction the 3d of the Nunes of April.
next, It is also worthy of remark, that the prz: Popilius Lenas, C. Decimus, and C. Hostillius, tor's daughter is married without our being told were sent embassadors in a joint commission to that she was a lady of great beauty, merit, and the kings of Syria and Egypt, in order to accom-fortune. medaie the differences about which they are now at Another remark, which is naturally suggested war. Early in the morning they went with great by several articles in these journals, is the great attendance of clients and relations, to offer up regard which the Romans paid to the superstitious sacrifices and libations at the Temple of Castor ceremonies of a false and ridiculous religion. Not and Pollux before they began their journey." a day passes but some prodigy is observed, some
The second set of the remains of the Acta Di. sacrifice or festival performed to implore the bles. urna belong to the year of Rome 691. I have al. sing of their deities upon the arins and councils of ready mentioned how they were discovered, and the state. Three men of the greatest quality ia shall only add, that they are fuller, and more en. Rome, before they set out opon an embassy of im. tertaining than the former, but seem rather more portance, go in a solemn manner, accompanied by liable to objection on the score of authenticity: their family and friends, to beg the assistance and "Sylianus and Murena Consuls.
protection of the gods, as a necessary preparation The Fusces with Murena.
for a long journey and a weighty employment. 3d of the Ides of August.
These researches muy induce so ne of our learn. Murena sacrificed early in the morning at the ed correspondents further to elucidate this curious Temple of Castor and Pollux, and afterwards as- subject, which cannot fail to prove interesting to sembled the senate in Pompey's senate-house. many of our readers. Syllan's defended Sex Riiscius of Larinum, wbo was accused of an act of violence by Torquatus, be. fo!e Q Cornificius, the prætor. The defendant Egyptian Antiquities. was absolved by forty voies, and voted guilty by twenty. d riot happened in the Via Suora be. M. Belzoni, commissioned by the English go. tween Clodius's workmen and Milo's slaves. vernment to collect antiquities in Egypt for the 5th of the Kal. of September
British, museum, addressed the following letter M. Tullius Cicero pleaded in defence of Cor. to M. Visconti, requesting that he would publish nelius Sylla, accused by Torquatos of being con. it in the Paris journals. When the letter arrived cerned in Cataline's conspiracy, and gained his in France, M. Belzoni no longer existed. With cause by a majority of five judges. The tribunes out doubt our readers will regard with pleasure of the treasury were against the defendant. One our compliance with the wishes of the learned au. of the prætors advertised by an edict that he should thor. put off his sittings for five days, upon account of Cairo, January 9th, 1818.-I am just arrived from of his daughter's marriage. C. Cæsar set out for Upper Egypt, and am preparing to return to Nubia his government of the further Spain, having been for the third time. On my first voyage to Thebes, long delayed by his credi:ors. A report was in 1816, I succeeded in embarking at the Nile, brought to Tertinius, tbe præ'or, wbile he was try. the largest part of the famous statue of Memnon., ing a cause at his tribunal, that his son was dead: This enormous fragment, which has been buried so this was contrived by the friends of Coppomus, many years amongst the ruins of the palaces overwho was accused of poisoning, that the prætor, in thrown by Cambyses, is at present on the way to his concern, might adjourn the court: but the ma. its destination, the British musuem. It is a colos. gistrate, having discovered the falsehood of the sal bust, formed from a single block of granite, story, returned to his tribunal, and continued in ten feet long from the breast to the top of the taking information against the accused.
bead, and weighs twelve tons. Other travellers 4th. Kal. of Seps.
had previously contrived the means of transporting The funeral of Metella Pia, a vestal, was eele. it to Europe, but being unable to devise means to brated: she was buried in the supulchre of her remove it, they were compelled to relinquish the ancestors in the Aurelian roud. The censors made idea. The great difficuliy was to convey such a bargain, that the temple of Aius Loquens body a distance of two miles to the river Nile,
FROM A PARIS PAPRA.
which succeeded, however, without the aid of any, 309 feet, and contains numerous apartments and mechanical power, solely by the hands of the corridors. The walls are every where covered Arabs; although the labor was ill-suited to these with bieroglyphics and bas-reliefs, ornamented people, who display all the indolence of the savage with fresco. Those colors are so brilliant, that i state. It was a work of six months. From Thebes can compare them to nothing we know of, and in I ascended towards Nubia, to observe the temple such a state of preservation, that they appear as of Ybsambul, which is more than three parts bu. if they were but recently applied. But the finest ried in the sands, near the second cataract. Here piece of antiquity of this place is a sarcophagus of I found the inhabitanis ill-disposed to my projects, a single block of alabaster, nine feet seven inches and I perceived that I must prepare myself io ex in length, and three feet nine inches in breadth: perience great difficulties from them; however, as the inside and outside are equally covered with the season was already too far advanced, this mo bieroglyphics, and indented figures. This sepul. tive determined me to defer my enterprize for this chre has a sound similar to that of a silver bell, time.
and is transparent as glass. No doubt, when I Meanwhile I returned to Thebes, where I occu-succeed in conveying it to England, it will be repied myself in fresh researches near the temple of garded as the most precious acquisition of which Karpack; it was there that I discovered, several feel European museums can boast. under ground, a range of sphinxes, encircled with Remarks on the preceding, from the Richmond Com. a wall. These figures exhibit a lion's head on the pilerbody of a woman, were hewn out of black granite Most assuredly if we consult the ancient histo. stone, of ordinary dimensions, and for the most rians, we shail be satisfied that few of the monu. part well executed. There was in this spot a sta. ments of antiquity can be compared to those of tue of Jupiter Ammon of white marble. It was on. Egyptian Thebes. Diodorus Siculus (Diodorus ly on my second journey, in 1817, that I discovered the Sicilian) wrote his Historical Library in Greek the
fread of a colossus, much more enormous than in forty books, of which fifteen only, and some frag: that of Memnon. This bead alone, formed of a ments, have come down to us, about three score single block of granite, measured ten feet from years before the birth of Christ. He says, that he the neck to the top of the mitre with which it is spent thiriy years in composing it, and travelled crowned. It was in an excellent state of preser. into almost every country, whose transactions he vation, the polish appeared as brilliant as if it had records. In his first book, devoted to Egypt, he just left the hands of the statuary. Afier this, I gives us the most astonishing account of Thebes resumed my road to Nubia, where such hazardous and its buildings. He says there was no city un
encounters awaited me. The inbabitants are en. der the sun adorned with so many, and stately tire savages, and without the least idea of hospi- monuments of gold, silver and ivory, and multi. tality. They refused us the most necessary arti- tudes of colossus's, obelisks, cut out of one entire cles; entreaties and promises had no effect upon stone, There were four temples built, to be ad. them, and were compelled to exist on Turkey corn, mired for beauty and greatness, the most ancient of steeped in water. At length, by dint of labor and which was in circuit thirteen furlong (almost two courage, and after twenty-two days persevering miles) and five and forty cubits high, and had a labor, I had the great happiness to find myself at wall twenty-four feet broad. This fábric hath con. the temple of Ybsambul, in which no European tinued to our time, but the silver and the gld, and bad ever till then entered, and which presents the ornaments of ivory and precious stones, were care largest vacation that exis's either in Nubia or ried away by the Persians, when Cambyscs burat Egypt, if we except the tombs which I have since the temples of Egypt. discovered at Thebes. The temple of Ybsambul He speaks particularly of the sepulchres of the is 152 feet in length, and contains fourteen apart kings-of these there was originally forty-seven; Dents and a large couri; in the latter are five colos but few of these remained, when Diodorus visited sal statues thirty feet in height. The pillars and those parts. The tomb of king Osymanduas is the walls are covered with hieroglyphics and figures described as being ten furlongs in circuit; at its in an excelleni state of preservation. It appears entrance was a portico, of various colored marble, that it was spared from the ravages of Cambyses 200 feet long, and 67 bigbi—thence, "you come and other despoilers who came af er him. I brought ino a four square stone gallery, every square being away some antiquities--two lions, with vulture's 400 feet, supported, instead of pillars, with beasts, beads, and a small statue of Jupiter Ammon. In each of one entire stone, 44 feet high." At the returning again to Thebes, I resolved to discover entrance of another portico, "lood three stalues, what, from tiine immemorial, has been the object each of entire s.one, the workmanship of Memnon of the researches of traveilers of all ages, namely, of Sieritus. One of these made in a sitting posthe tombs of the kings of Egypt.
ture, is the greatest in Egypt, the measure of his It is known that, independently of those which foot exceeding nineteen teet." At one of the are open, several exist under the ground, but no gates, was a statue of Osymaduas's mother, twenty one has yet been able to discover the spot. By cubits high. In the last wall of the building were continuing my observations on the situation of two statues, each of one entire stone, furty feet Thebes, I found a clue to their concealment. Al high-He gives also the most faming description length, after many attenpis, I discovered six of of the painting on these walls, of the sacred libra. thiese tombs, one of which appeared to be that of ry, of a border of gold on the top of the tomb, 365 Apis, from the mumny of an ox being found there. cubits in compass, and a cubit thick. This mummy was full of asphallos Any other No wonder that Mr. B. should discover such description toat could give, would not convey curiosities as he is collecting from the ruins-Let to you the most remoie idea of the grandeur and those ruins be well searched, and if ancient histo. magnificence of this tomb. These are certainly rians speak the truth, more wonderful things will the most curious and the most astonishing works yet be dug out. that Egypt presents, and they give the highes idea of the skill of its ancient inhabitants. The
ROMAN ANTIQUITIES. interior frora one extremity to the other, measures In the ruins of Herculaneum, there have been
found loaves of bread, which were baked under the sword scabbard; it is six inches in length, and tre reign of Titus, and which still bear the baker's Jinches in breadıh, and weighs one ounce; it has no mark, indicating the quality of four, which was ornaments or figures; but has three longitudinal probably prescribed by regulations of the police. ridges, wbich probably correspond with the edges, There have also been found utensils of bronze, or ridges of the sword mit seems to have been which, insiead of being well tinned like ours, are fastened to the scabbard by three or four rivets, well silvered. The ancients, doubtless, preferred the holes for which yet remain in the silver. this method as more wholesome and more durable. Two or three broken pieces of a copper tube,
London paper. were also found, filled with iron rust. These pieces
from their appearance, composed the lower end of Nero excavation in Pompeii.
the scabbard near the point of the sword. No signa A large foru:n has lately been uncovered in of the sword itself were discovered, except the upPompeii, surrounded by Doric columns of granite, pearance of rust above mentioned. with pedestals inscribed with names, but without Near the feet, was found a piece of copper, weighstatues. This is thought to be some confirmation ing three ounces. From its shape it appears to of the opinion that the inhabitants removed their have been used as a plumb, or for an ornaments valuable effects
before the destruction of the city, near one of the ends is a circular crease, or groove, or that they recovered them afterwards by digging for tying a thread; it is round, two inches and By the side of this forum a temple of Venus has half in length, one inch in diameter at the centre, likewise been uncovered, and al another temple and half an inch at each end. It is composed of adjoining it. In the temple of Venus were found plates or pieces of native copper, pounded together; a bronze statue of that goddess, several marble and in the cracks between the pieces, are stuck statues of consuls, and of other personages. These several pieces of silver; one nearly the size of a edifices seem to be far more elegent than any of four penny piece, or half a dime. This copper those before brought to light, and doubtless occu. ornament was covered with a coat of green rust, pied the most magnificent part of the city, there and is considerably corroded. A piece of red ochre being three public buildings in the immediate vici- or paint, and a piece of iron ore, which has the ap. nity of a large edifice dug out a few years ago.-10 pearance of having been partially vitrified, or
melted, were also found. The ore is about the ANTIQUITIES IN AFRICA.
specific gravity of pure iron. We understand that an account hus been lately The body of the person here buried, was laid received at the admiralty, of an interesting dis on the surface of the earth, with his face upwards, covery made in the south of Africa, about twenty and his feet pointing to the N. E. and bead to miles north of Capetown. Some persons, in dig the S. W. From the appearance of several pieces ging, happened to strike on what apppeared a beam of charcoal, and bits of partially burnt fossil coal, of timber, but tracing it they found a ship, or and the black color of the earth, it would seem other large vessel, deeply embedded in the soil that the funeral obsequies had been celebrated by A plank of it has accompanied the account of the fire; and while the ashes were yet hot and smoking, discovery. It appears to be cedar, and is in a a circle of thin, Alat stones, had been laid around good state of preservation.
16. - and over the body. The circular covering is about
eigbt feet in diameter, and the stones yet look ANTIQUITIES OF MARIETTA. black, as if stained by fire and smoke. This circle
of stones seems to bave been the nucleus on which In removing the earth which composed an ancient the mound was formed, as immediately over them mound in one of the streets of Marietta, on the is heaped the common earth of the adjacent plain, margin of the plain, near the fortifications, several composed of a clayey sand and coarse gravel. This curious articles were discovered, in the latter part mound must originally have been about ten feet of June last. They appear to have been buried with high, and thirty feet in diameter at its base. At the body of the person to whose memory this mound the time of opening it, the height was sis feet, was erected.
and "diameter between thirty and forty. It has Lying immediately over, or on the forehead of every appearance of being as old as any in the the
body, were found three large circular boyses, neighborhood, and was covered with large trees, or ornaments for a sword-belt, or a buckler: they at the first settlement of Marietta, the remains of are composed of copper, overlaid with a thick plate whose roots were yet apparent in digging away the of silver. The fronts of them are slightly convex, eartb. It also seems to have been made for this with a depression, like a cup, in the centre, and single personage, as the remains of one skeleton measure iwo inches and a quarter across the face only were discovered. The bones were much of each. On the backside, opposite the depressed decayed and many of them crumbled to dust on portion, is a copper rivet, or nail, around which exposure to the air. From the length of some of are two separate plates, by which they were fastened them it is supposed the person was about six feet to the leather. 'Two small pieces of the leather in height. Nothing unusual was discovered in their were found lying between the plates of one the form, except that those of the scull were uncom. bosses: they resemble the skin of old mummy, and nonly thick. The situation of the mound on bigh seem to have been perserved by the salts of the ground, near the margin of the plain, and the copper. The plates of copper are nearly reduced porous quality of the earth, are admirably calculatto an oxyde, or rust. The silver looks quite black, ed to preserve any perishable substance from tbat but
is not much corroded, and on rubbing, it be certain decay which would attend it in many other comes quite brilliant. Two of these are yet entire; situations. To these circumstances is attributed the third one is so much wasted, that it dropped the tolerable state of preservation in which several in pieces on removing it from the earth. Around of the articles above described were found, afted the rivet of one of them is a small quantity of fas lying in the earth for several centuries. We say or heup in a tolerable state of preservation. Near centuries, from the fact that trees were found the side of the body, was found a plate of silver, growing on these ancient works, whose nges were which appears to have been the upper part of a ascertained to amount to between four and fire
TROM THE AMERICAX FRIEND.
hundred years each, by counting the concentric Cards invented in France for the king's amuseeircles in the slumps, after the trees were cut ment
1380 down; and on the ground beside them were other Cauliflowers first planted in England
1606 trees in a state of decay that appeared to have Celery first introduced to the English tables by fallen from old age. Of what language, or of what count Tallard, a prisoner there after the bat. nation were this mighty race, that once inhabited
tle of Malplaquet
1709 the territory watered by the Ohio, remains yet a Chimnies first introduced into houses in Engmystery, too great for the most learned to unravel. land
1200 But from what we see of their works, they musi China-ware first made in England
1752 have had some acquaintance with the aris and Clocks made in England
1563 scieaces. They have left us perfect specimens of Coaches first tised in England
1580 circles, squares, octagons and parallel lines, on Act against men riding in then as effeminate 1601 grand and noble scale. And unless it can be proved Coffee first used in England
1641 that they had intercourse with Asia or Europe, we Coffee trees conveyed by the Dutch from Modow see that they possessed the art of working cha to the West Indies
Cornelius Nepos published at Moscow, being Marietta, July 19th, 1819.
the first classical book published in Russia 1762 N. B. The above described articles are in the Concert, the first in London
1678 possession of Doct. Hildreth, and can be seen by Currunts first planted in England, brought any one desirous of viewing them.
1482 Cyder (called wine) made in England 1234 Chronological
Distaff spinning first introduced into England 1505 Progress of the «rts.-It will be one of the ob-Dying so little known in England that they jects of the Telescope to exhibit the progress of the
sent their white to Holland to be colored 1608 urts by giving the earliest
accounts of new and use East India voyage, first from England 1591 ful inventions and improvements. It requires the Engines to extinguish fire invented
1663 combination of so many items of knowledge—the England, the first geographical map of it, by productions of such infinitude of minds to make that Lilly
1520 mass of science now possessed by most well infirm- Engraving on copper invented
1511 ed men, and which is accessible to all, that we are
Mezzotinto by Rupert
1648 surprised to look back and see how very lately it is, Equestrian statue, the first was of Louis 14th, that many of the arts, now considered absolutely ne made at one cast
1699 cessary to our comfort, have been discovered and Fans, muffs, tippets, masks and false hair, first brought into use. The march of human intellect, devised by the harlots in Italy ·
1572 when unshackled by the tyranny of man, or the Flowers, the art of preserving in sand discover. vorse thraldom of prejudice, is indeed rapid. From ed
1633 the report of Dr. Thornton, the director of the pa. Fruits and flowers, sundry sorts before untent office at Washington city, showing the number
known, such as roses, tulips, plums, &c. &c. of useful and ingenious inventions patented there, we believe inventive genius is no where more ac
brought into England in the reigns of Hen. tire, and research no where more successful, than
ry VII. and VIII. in
1560 in America. South Carolina feels in an eminent
Gardening brought into England from the Netherdegree the benefits of these exertions. Whitney's lands, from whence almost all garden vegetables coiton gin has poured a sudden powerful tide of were brought until 1509, and many were so lately, wealth into the country that no European invention as the reign of Elizabeth. Muskmelons, apricots, can afford a parallel to. Those who are desirous goose-berries, sallads, garden roots, cabbages to see the dates of discoveries and improvements brought from Flanders, and hops from Artois, 1520. in the old world are referred to "Luckombe's Tab. The damask rose brought by Dr. Linacre, physician let of memory,” a little book, by the bye, that to Henry VIII. and pippins by Muscat, 1525; curought to be in every man's possession and always at rants or Corinthian grapes, from Zante 1555;}mask hand, whether he is reading or conversing. It is rose and plums from Italy by lord Cromwell; tama. from that work we make the following extracts to rinds from Germany by archbishop Grindal, and show how very recently the world has come into the some Flemings planted a variety of new flowers possession of some of its most useful knowledge 1567. woad from France, tulip roots, beans, peas, and obtained some of its most valuable enjoyments. &c. froin Vienna, 1600.
S, C, Telescope. It may be as well in this place to mention the Aizebra introduced in Europe in
1300 country from which many vegetable productions Apothecaries first noticed in history
1345 were originally obtained.-Rice, from Ethiopia; Apple Trees first brought to Europe from Asia,
Buck Wheat, Asia; Cresses, Crete; Cauliflower, Cy. 6 years before Christ
prus; Asparagus, Asia; Fennel, Canary Islands; Arithmetic introduced into Europe from Ara
Parsly, Egypt; Garlick, the East; Shallots, Siberia; bia
999 Horse Radish, China; Gourds, Astrachan; Potatoes, Asparagus first introduced into England - 1608 Brazil; Cabbage, Lettuce, &c. Holland; Tulip, CapAutronomy brought to Europe by the Moors padocia; Carnation and Pink, Italy; Lilly, Syria; of Barbary
1201 Tube-Rose, Java; Apples, Syria; Phcasants, Egypt;. Bank of Venice
1157 Turkies, America. England
1640 Gazettes, first published at Paris 1669; in England Barometers invented
1626 at Oxford 1665; London a few months after. Blankets first made in England
1340 first gazette was published by a gossipping physici. Blood, circulation discovered by Henry 1628 an to amuse his patients; before which he used to Buckles invented
1680 (tell them verbally all the morning news and scan--L'andles first used
1300) dal he could hear of. Sur. To You IVI.