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then consulted, and declared his unabated awach deal of tallow, from which the quantity me ionet ment; and his entire confidence in her virtues and in the indictment had been taken. It being declar. affections. The gentlemen who had thus inter ed that the prisoner had no counsel, the judge very ceded, insisted then, that as the affair had been chee-fully became his advocate. thus public, its ermination should be public and J'idge Abbot, for the prisoner.-How do you instantaneous. In a few moments, but with some know, Webb, that you lost just 89 lb. of tallow? opposition by the father of the young lady, this I am sure of it, my lord. cour-e was agreed upon. They then all returned I want to be sure of it too; do you keep an account into the cour; the recent reconciliation and adjus", of what you receive, or what you use? ment were announced and explained; their kind No, my lord mediator addressing each of them, earnestly charge What, no book, in which you minute down your ed them not to marry, unless they knew and felt goods? that their confidence and affections were unabated Yes, my lord, I keep a day.book. and unchanged. This being declared, and a re Well, that is what I wanted; and did you in this spectable clergyman being present, a license was book make any entry of the tallow received, or iss::ed, and the young couple were legally and taken from it, for the purpose of making candles? solemnly united, in the holy estate of matrimony, No, my lord, for it was not fit to make candles of. before Almighty God,"and in the presence of this No! not fit to make candles of! why then, man, worshipful court."*

it was not tallow?

Yes, it was my lord.

Then why not fit to make candles?
Religious Obligations.

Because, my lord, it was not run into tallow. Glasgow, ( Scotland) April 9. During the trial

Not run into tallow! of a horse cause, at the Leicester assizes, last week,

Nr, my lord. a Mr. Davenport, a surgeon, was examined as fol. Why, then, it must be fat, and not tallow. lows, by Mr. Clark, counsel for the plaintiff: Yes, my lord. Mr. Clark-Have you been examined as a wit.

Ali! that's very well. Gentlemen of the jury, ness before? I have. You know then the religious (said the learned judge) you find by the pro. obligations of an oath? I do.

secutors own evidence, that you must acquit the Do you consider the oath which you have taken prisoner. This man charges the prisoner with as binding upon you, to speak the whole truth? 1 stealing tallow. The prosecutor is a tallow-chand. do.

ler; and yet, gentlemen, you hear from this tallow. Do you believe in the holy scriptures! I believe chandler's mouth, that he does not know the difin sin.

ference between talloze and fut! I ask you, sir, do you believe in the scriptures Acquitted. upon which you have just sworn to speak the truth? I do not believe in every part of them. Do you believe in the divinity of Christ?-Wit

United States Revenue Laws. ness to the learned judge: My lord, am I obliged to

FROM THE AMERICAN WATCUMAX answer that question? Mr. Serjeant Vaughn. My lord, I apprehend

DISTRICT OF DELAWARE. the witness is not obliged to answer such interro

The United States of America)

ŞLibel. gatories.

The sloop Pitt, her chokle, &c.] Mr. Baron Garrow. As you have taken the ob. Libel for eniering a port of tne United States, jection, it is my duty to say be is not. I should against the provisions of an act of congress, entitled, not, however, have prevented him from giving an "an act concerning navigation;" passed on 18ta Roswer if he bad chosen, because the answer might April, 1818. Process returnable at Dover, 16th have vindicated bim from the imputation which November, 1818. the question conveyed. But, whatever might have

Libel for same caue been his answer, whether be declared himself to

&c. &c, procesu at

The goods, wares and merchandise time and place afort. be a believer in every part of the holy scriptures laden on board the sloop Pitt. or not, I shoulıl, in my adulress to the jury, have said, These cases, on the preliminary question of the that his belief or disbelief in these matters shonld not right of the claimants to a delivery of the vessel impeach his testimony. He might be equally disposed and cargo on stipulated bonds, were argued before to tell the truth, whutever were his religious opi Fisher, district judge, by Mr. Read, district at. nions. If, however, Mr. Davenport had the mis- torney, on the part of the United States, and by fortune not to entertain the same opinion as he Mr. Rodney, on the part of the claimants. did, he would advise him to be more sparing of As the judge briefly recites the arguments of his declarations on that subject; as such' opinions counsel, in the opinion here given, they are omitted delivered from a person whom it must be sup. in their proper place. posed bad passed through a regular education, November 17, 1818. might have a very mischievous effect upon the F19HER, district judge:- The case now before minds of ignorant persons.

this court arises on two libels Gled on the part of

the United States against the sloop Pitt, (a British Fat not Tallow.

bottom) ber tackle, apparel and furniture; and also

against her cargy, consisting of 46,000/bs. of cocos, FROM AN ENGLISH MAGAZINE OF 1817. a small number of raw hides, and seventy sticks or Wiltshire Assizes.-A: the assiz-s, H. Maidment, pieces of fustick. These libels are instituted upon aged 24, was indicted for stealing 89 lbs of tallow, an act of congress of ihe 18th of April Jast, entitled the property of Francis Webb, of Mere. It was 'an act concerning navigation. The act was passed stated ihat Webb had recently received a great with a view to exclude from the country, afier the

30th of Sep ember last, all vessels owned by Bri* An appropriate interpolation in the marriage tish subjects, arriving from a colony wlicb, by the ceremony.

British navigation laws, is closed against reszels



owned by citizens of the United States. In case late war, to deliver vessels and cargoes on stipula. of its violation, the act inflicts a forfeitore of ves !ion bonds, or on the claimant giving what is called sel and cargo.

in the books upon admiralty practice, a fide jussory In these cases claims have been put in by Messrs. caution. The Delaware district led the way to this Lewis, Haven and Co, merchants of Philadelphia, practice, bv the introductory decree in the case of the consignees of the sloop and cargo against which the Good-Friends, Stephen Girard claimant. The the prosecutions are instituted. A preliminary decree in that case became the law of the country question, of great importance, is submitted to the in prosecutions under the restrictive laws) by its decision of this court, on a motion made by the adoption in every district of the union. There was claimants' counsel, praying an order for the delivery nothing to be found in our restrictive laws, either of the vessel and cargo, on bonds for their appraised favoring or disallowing such a course, but it was value.-To me it is a subject of regret, that this viewed as being in accordance with the admiralty question has not arisen in some other district, and practice of England, on the instance, and very fré. been decided by a judge, to whose opinion the quently on the prize side of that court. This prac. ulmost deference would have been paid. As, how. tice was there adopted, as far back as the 11ih of ever, this has not occurred, I must tread the April, 1780, as appears from Marrioti's forms, p. 5; anbeaten path, and dispose of the question to the see a decree for delivery on bond, in same authority, best of my ability and judgment.

p. 221, 2, 3. How much longer the delivery of It is contended on the part of the United States, vessels and cargoes on bond had been adopted by that if the property in the present instance be de. the English admiralty, I have not now the means of livered, the spirit of the law, which goes to exclude ascertaining, since the first order of the kind, with. British bottoms arriving from prohibited ports, will in my research, is the one first above cited. But be effectually defeated; that the defective appraise. I was of opinion, in the case of the Good Friends, ments of the property will be an encouragment to and I still retain the same opinion, that that part of vessels of this description to enter our ports, and the 89th section of the collection law, relating to that thus the navigation act will be set at definance, delivery on bond, was framed with a view to what and become a dead leiter; that if the property bé had been understood to be the usual course of ad. perishable, which is admitted in the present case, miralty practice. I could discover nothing in the a sale of it ought to be ordered by this court, and cases commonly called the Amelia Island cases, or the proceeds of such sale should be retained in in any prosecution arising under the restrictive court in usum jus hubentis; that the cases of delivery laws, which ought to distinguish them from those heretofore allowed by the practice of this court, of ordinary seizure and prosecution under the were between the United States and their revenue revenue laws of this country. It was under this officers, and our own citizens, and are distinguish conviction, that this court formed its decree for able from the prosecutions which may arise under delivery on bond, in the case of the Good-Friends. the navigation act, framed as it is, to shut our ports The court was strengthened in its decision of that effectually against those British colonies which our case, by the authority of the case of Jennings vs. vessels are not permitted to enter, by the laws of Carson, 4 Cranch, 23. In that case C. J. Marsball, trade of the British government.

in speaking of the constitution and character of a The argument on the part of the claimants, is court of admiralty, remarks as follow3"The prothat it would be against equity to enforce a sale of ceedings of that court arein rem, and their sentences property, which may have arrived innocently in our act on the thing itself. They decide who has the poris, that such a course would be presuming an right and they order its delivery to the party hav. intention to violate our law, when in fact, no such ing the right. The libellant and claimant are both intention had aciually existed; that the practice of actors. They both demand from the court the this court has herelofore been in accordance with thing in contest. It would be repugnant to the the claimants' motion for a delivery of the property, principles of justice and to the practice of courts, and in cases too, of goods prohibited by our restric. to leave the thing in possession of either of the tire laws, and not dutiable under any statute of con. parties, without security, whi'e the contest is depend. gress; that the goods in the present case are ing. If the practice of a court of admiralty should duliable, provided they do not arrive from ports not place the thing in the custody of its officers, probibited 10 our citizens by the ordinary laws of it would be essential to justice that security sliouid navigation of the British government; and that the be demanded of the libellant to bave it forthcoming fourth section of the act, on which the present to answer the order of the court." From the Jibels are founded, recognizes the provisions and foregoing authority, it is conceded, that the power proceedings of the revenue laws of the United of the court may be exercised, in ordering a deli. States, from the inception to the close of the pro- very of property, on security, while the contest is des secutions, which may be instituted under it. pending

In the case under consideration we are exercis. Does the navigation act contain any provision ing the powers of a court of admiralty on the oy which the practice of the courts should be re. instance side of it, which generally, and perhaps modelled, or in any wise altered, in relation to always, proceeds in rem. We are now in a course delivery of vessels and their cargoes on stipulated of proceeding against a thing, that is prohibited bonds? The spirit of the act is, no doubt, as nag from entering our ports, by our navigation act. been contended, to exclude British bo:toms froin Tue confiscation or restoration of this rem or thing, our ports, in case such bottoms came from colonies will eventually be the subject of our consideration interdicted to the citizens of Ibis country. and decree, when the case shall be heard upon its how will the spirit of this act be infringed by linis merits. The question at present, therefore is, court pursuing a practice, which has received the sball we receive in court a substitute for this thing, sanction of every district in the union, and whicha or shall we retain and order it for sale, for the use practice congress has not modified or abolished, by of the party, in whom the right may ultimately be any provision of the navig«tion acı? Had a new decided?

course been prescribed, this court would consider It was tbe practice of this court and of all the itself bound to conform to legislative di-ection, district courts of the United States, during the) and to refuse the application now made, thougte

Sup. To Vol. XVI.

founded on a practice adopted upon much and able, astonishment in the minds of posterity, as is now discussion, and after mature reflection.—The only excited on reading the account of London, left us argument attempted to be given, why the spirit of by the monk of Canierbury:-(Democratic Press. the act will be eluded by a delivery on bond, is The situation thereof. Amongst the noble cities that defective appraisements will be made, and of the world, honored by fame, the city of London that they will operate as so many encouragements is the one principal seat in the kingdom of England, to the introduciion of future vessels, in violation whose renown is spread abroad very fur; but she of the act. To this argument, I respectfully reply, transporteth her wares and commodities much far. that if defective or improper appraisements should ther, and advanceth her head so much the higher. be made, this court will be ever ready to afford Happy she is in the wholesomeness of the air, in that redress which is amply within its power; the Christian religion, her munitions also, and namely, by setting aside appraisements and appoint. strength, the nature of her situation, the honor of ing new appraisers as often as corrupution or mis. her citizens, the chastity of her matrons. Very conduct may have exhibited an inadequate estimate pleasant also in her sports and passtime, and re. of the property. A vigilance of this kind will always plenished with honorable personages, all which i secure an ample substitute for the thing proceeded inink meet proper severally to consider. against, which will remain within the power of the Temperateness of the air. In this place the calm. court, to respond to the United States, for the breach ness of the air doth molisy men's minds, not cor. of their statute, made by the lawless intrusion of a rupting them with venereal lusts, but preserving vessel of a prohibited character.

them from savage and rude behaviour, and sea. But will it be equitable to order the sale of a ves. soning their inclinations with a more kind and free sel and cargo, when possibly she might have enter- temper. ed our waiers without any intention of violating Oj' the Christian religion there. There is in the the navigation aci? might not a sale operate as a church of St. Paul, a bishop's see; it was formerly premature penalty on an innocent person, and as a metropolitan, and it is thought, shall recover the decree of restoration remit to him the scanty pro- said dignity again, if the citizens shall return back ceeds of a hurried sale of his property?--- While in into the island; except, perhaps, the archiepisco. the case of a condemnation, the bonds will afford to pal title of St. Thomas the Martyr, and his bodily the prosecution ample amends for the violation of presence, do perpetuate this honor to Canterbury, a public and beneficial law.

where now his reliques are. But seeing St. Tho. Lastly, this court is of opinion, that the fourth mas hath graced both these cities, namely, London section of the navigation aci, recognizing as it does, with his birth, and Canterbury with his death, one the course of proceeding prescribed by the revenue place may allege more against the other, in respect Jaws, in terms at once broad and comprehensive, of the sight of that saint, with the accession of ho. (ind inclusively too from the commencement to the liness. Now, concerning the worship of God in close of the prosecution) impliedly at least, adopts the Christian faith; there are in London and the the provisions of the 89th sec. of the collection law suburbs 13 'greater conventual churches, besides in relation to the delivery on appraisement and 26 lesser parish churches: [39 churches in all.). bond, and as nothing restrictive of any practice of Of the sirength and site of the city. It hath on the judiciary, heretofore existing on the subject of the eastern part a strong palatine, very large and delivery on bonds, is discoverable in the navigation very strong: whose court and walls rise up from a act, the inference is a fair one, that no alteration of deep foundation; the mortar is tempered with the such practice was in the contemplation of congress blood of beasts.t On the west are two castles well when the act was passed.

fenced. The wall of the city iş high and great, The decree of ihis court, therefore, is that the continued with seven gates, which are made dou. sloop. Pitt, her tackle, apparel and furniture, ble, and on the north, distinguished with turrets by together with her cargo, be delivered to the spaces. Likewise on the south, London hath been claimants, on their securing duties payable by law, entering into bonds to respond the appraised *In 1810, which is the latest account of London value, &c. &c.

I have, upon which I can rely, the following is given as a list of all the Christian places of worship

in London. The City of London—12th Century. Churches of the established religion,

109 The following "description of the mosi honora. Chapels of do.

57 ble city of London," was originally written in LA. Foreign protestant churches and chapels, 19 tin, by William Fitz Siephen, who died in 1191. Roman catholic chapels,

13 It was translated early in the 18th century, and is Meeting houses and methodist chapels of va. the oldest description of London extant. Fiiz rious secis, dissenting from the establisbed Stephen was a monk of Canterbury, and was present church,

136 when orchbishop Becket was murdered at the altar Quaker meetings. of the Cathedral. In the account which he pub. Making 340 public places of worship. lished of the murder of the archbishop, he took Mr. Johnson, a builder in London, in 1780 ob. occasion to introduce this very curious description tained a patent for a new stucco for the outside of of he capital of E gland. In the hope of giving buildings, the improvemant was the miring up of additional interest to the description we shall sub the materials with blood. This is another ülustra. join a few notes, generally with a view of contrast. 'ion of the truth that there is "nothing new under ing the state of London in the reign of Henry II the sun." with what it is in the reign of George III Colqu. The walls and gates of London, except Temple boun's Police of London, is a work of considerable Bar gate, have long since been demolished. In the merit and great industry.

reign of Edward IV. the whole extent of the wall In less tim six centuries, a desire to ascertain was something more than two miles. Originally the present condition, trade, police, manners, &c. there were but four gates, corresponding with the of the city of Philadelphia, will lead to much cu great military roads, to which sis others were rious research, and the result will excite as mucb added, as new roads were constructed.

inclosed with walls and towers, but the large rivers with rhetorical orations, speak handsomely to of Thames, well stored with fish, and in which the persuade, being careful to observe the precepis of tide ebbs and flows, by continuance of time, hath art, who omit no matter contingent. The boys of washed, worn away, and cast down those walls, divers schools wrangle together in versifying, or Fariher above, in the west part, the king's palace canvas the principles of grammar, or dispute the is eminently seated upon the same river; an incom- rules of the præter, perfect and future tenses. Some parable building, having a wall before it and some there are that in epigrams, rhimes and verses, use bulwarks; it is iwo miles from the city, continued that trivial way of abuse. These do freely abuse with a suburb full of people.

their fellows, suppressing their names, with a of the gardens plinted. On the north side are fescennine railing liberiy; these cast out most fields for pasture, and open meadows, very plea- abusive jests: and with Socratical witly expressant; among which the river waters do flow, and sions, they touch the vices of their fellows, or per. the wheels of the mills are turned about with a laps of their superiors, or fall upon them with a delightful noise. Very near lieth a large forest in satirical bitterness, and with -bolder reproaches which are woody groves of wild beasts; in the coverts than is fit. The hearers prepared for laughter, whereof do lurk bucks and does, wild boars and make themselves merry in the meantime. bulls.

Huro tie affuirs of the city are disposed --The of the fields. The arable lands are no hungry several craftsmen, the several sellers of wares and pieces of gravel ground; but like the rich fields of workmen for hire, all are distinguished every Asia, which bring plentiful corn, and fill the barns morning by themselves, in their places as well as of those that till them, with an excellent crop of trades. Besides, there is in London upon the river's the fruits of Ceres.

bank a public place of cookery, among the wines of their Wells.--There are also about London, to be sold in the ships, and in the wine cellars. on the north of the suburbs, choice fountains of There every day we may call for any dish of meat,, water, sweet, wholesome and clear, streaming roast, fried or boiled; fish, bolh small and great; forth among the glistening pebble stones: in this ordinary flesh for the poorer sort, and more dainty number, Holywell, Clerkenwell, and St. Clement's for the rich, as venison and fowl. If friends come well, are of most note, and frequented above the upon a sudden, wearied with travel, to a citize's rest, when scholars and the youth of the city take house, and they be loth to wait for curious prethe air abroad in the summer evening. *

parations and dressings of fresh meat, let the 'ser. Of the citizens' honor.—This city is honored with vant give them water to wash, and bread to stay her men, graced with her arms, and peopled with a their stomach, and in the mean time they run to multitude of inhabitants. In the fatal wars under the water side, where all things that can be desired king Siephen, there went out to muster, men fit are at hand. Whatsoever multitude of soldiers, for war, esteemed to the number of 20,000 horse or other stangers enter into the city at any hour men armed, and 60,000 footmen. The citizens of of the day or night, or else are almut to depart, London are known in all places, and respected they may turn in, bait here, and refresh themselves above all other citizens for their civil demeanor, to their content, and so avoid long fasting and not their good apparel, their table and their discourse. go away without their dinner. If any one desire to

of the chastity of their marrons.-The matrons of fit their duinty tooth, they take a goose; they need this city may be paralleled with the Sabine women.t not to long for the fowl of Africa, 10, nor the rare

Of their schools.-In London three famous schools Godwit of Iinia.* This is the public cookery, and are kept at three principal churches, St. Paul's, very convenient for the state of the city, and belongs the Holy Trinity, and st. Mwtin's, which they to it. Hence, it is we read in l'lato's Georgiac, that retain by privilege and ancient dignity; yet, for next to the physician's art is the trade of cooks. the most part, by favor of some persons, or some

of Smithfield. Without one of the gates is a teachers, who are known and famed for their certain field, plain, (or smooth) both in name and philosophy, there are other schools upon good will situation. Every Friday, except some grexter and sufferance. Upon the holidays, the masters festival come in the way, there is a fine sight of with their scholars celebrate assemblies at the good horses to be sold; many come out of the city festival churches. Tlie scholars dispute there for to buy or look on, to wit, earls, barons, knights, exercise sake; some use demonstrations, others citizens, all resorting thither. It is a pleasant sight Lopical and probable argument; some practice there to behold the animals well feshed, sleek, and enthymemes, others do better use perfect syllo. shinning, delightfully walking, and their feet on gisms; some exercise themselves in dispute for either side up and down together by turns; or else ostentation, which is practised among such as trotting horses, which are more convenient for men srive together for victory: others dispute for truth, that bear arms: these, although they set a little which is the grace of perfection. The sophisters, harder, go away readily, and lift up and set down whicb are dissemblers, turn verbalists, and are together the contrary feet on either side. Here magnified when they overflow in speech and are also young colts of a good breed, that have not abundance of words: some also are entrapped with been well accustomed to the bridle; these fling about, deceitful argaments. Sometimes certain orators, and by mounting, bravely shew their mettle. Here

are principal borses, strong and weil limbed. Here *London is now, and has long been supplied also are breast horses, perhaps race horses, fit to with water, by means of leaden pipes. The new be joined by couples, very fair and handsome, and river and London Bridge water works supply the city with great regularity. There are about 170,000 *The number of taverns, eating houses, cook bouses into which the water is conveyed, at an shops, alamode beef houses, soup shops, &c. &c. average expense to each house, of less than two in London and its environs, is now some hundreds, dollars a year.

besides that in every decent public house, enterfThis is a very curious compliment. It was, tainment may be had. The number of public however, written many hundred years before L n houses are about 5000, and the quantity of liquor don became notorious for the nuinber of its trials sold by them in a year, is calculaied to be in value, for Crim. Con.

3,000,0001. sterling, equal to $14,666,666 67 cenis.

bleek about the ears, carrying their necks aloft, jothers Aling down their fellows and get beyond beiog well feshed and round about the buttocks. them. In another part stand the country people with cattle, In Easter holidays they counterfeit a sea-fight; and commodities of the field, large swine, and kine a pole is set up in the middle of the river, with a with their uilders strutting out, fair bodied oxen, target well fastened thereon, and a young man and the woolly Anck. There are also cart borses, stands in a boat which is rowed with oars, and fit for the dray, or the plough, or the chariot; and driven on with the tide, who with his spear bits some mares big with foal; together with others the target in his passage; with whicb blow, if he that have their wanton colts following them close breaks the spear and stand upright, so that he bold at their side.

footing, he bath his desire; buí if his spear continue Concerning shipping and merchandise. - To this unbroken by the blow, he is tumbled into the city merchants bring in wareg by ships from every water, and his boat passeth clear away; but on nation under Heaven. The Arabian sends his either side of this target two ships stand inward, gold; the Sabean his frankincense and spices; the with many young men ready to take him up after Heythiasi, arms; oil of palms from the plentiful he is sunk, as soon as he appeareth again on the wood; Bahylon her fat soil, and Nylus his precious top of the water; the spectators stand upon the stones: The Seres send purple garments; they of bridge, and in solars upon the river, to behold Norway and Russia trouts, furs and sables; and the these ihings, being prepared for laughter. French their wines *

Upon the holidays all summer, the youth is Ito antiquity and government.-- According to the exercised in leaping, shooting, wrestling, casting report of chronicles, it is more ancient than the of stones, and throwing of javelins, fiited with ciy of Rome; for both being descended from the loops for the purpose, which they strive to fling saine Trojan stock: Brute builded this, before beyond the mark: they also use bucklers, like Remus and Romulus did the other. Whence still fighting men. As for the maidens, they have their it usesh the same ancient laws and common institu- exercise of dancing and tripping till moonlight. tions.† For this our city, like to that, is disiinguish. In winter, almost every holiday before dinner, ed by wards and several limits; it hath sheriffs every the foaming boars fight for their heads, and pre. year, answerable to their consuls; it hath aldermen, pare with deadly tushes to be made bacon: or else enjoying the dignity of senators, besides inferior some lusty bulls or huge bears are bated with dogs. magistrates; it hath also common sewers and con. When that great moor which washed Moorfields, veyances for water in the streets. Concerning causes at the north wall of the city, is frozen over, great in question, there are several places and courts for companies of young men go to sport upon the ice, causes deliberative, demonstrative, and judicial; and bind to their shoes bones,f as the legs of some upon their set duys also they have their common beasts, and hold stakes in their hands, headed with council and great assemblies.

sharp jron, which sometimes they strike against The only plagues of London are immoderate the ice, and these men go on their speed, as does drinking of idle fellows, and frequent fires.

the bird in the air, or darts shot from some War of sports and pastimes. — Every Sunday in Lent, like engine; sometimes two men set themselves at after dinner, a company of young men ride out into a distance, and run one against another, as it were the fields on horses which are fit for war, and prin. at tilt, with these stakes, wherewith one or both cipal runners; every one among them is taught to parties are thrown down, not without some hurt run the rounds with his horse.

to their bodies; and after their fall, by reason of The citizens' sons issue out through the gates one from another; and wheresoever the ice doth

their violent motion, are carried a good distance by troops, furnished with lances and. warlike touch their head, it rubs off all the skin and lays shields, the younger sort have their pikes, not it bare: and if one fall upon bis leg or erm, it is beaded with iron, wbere they make a representation of battle, and exercise & skirmish. There usually broken: but young men being greedy of J'esort to this exercise many cour:iers, when the themselves in counterfeit battles, that they may

honor, and desirous of victory, do thus exercise king lies near land, and young striplings out of bear the brunt more strongly when they come to the families of barons and great persons, which it in good earnest. have not yet attained to the warlike girdle, to train and skirmish. Hope of victory inflames every one;

Many citizens take delight in birds, as sparrow. The neighing and fierce borses bestir their joints, nawks, goose-hawks, and such like, and in dogs to and chew their bridies, and cannot endure to stand hunt in woody ground. The citizens have au. still; at last they begin their race, and then the bority to hunt in Middlesex, Hertfordshire, all young men divide their troops; some labor to the Chilterns, and in Kent as far as Gray. Water. outstrip their leaders, and cannot reach them; Natives of London. The city of London has

brought forth some who have subdued many king, *Perhaps there is no one particular in this de doms, and the empire of Rome to themselves; and scrip'ion so remarkable and pregnant with so much many others, who, being lords of this world, were useful reflection, as the wonderful revolutions in deified in another. commerce, which have taken place in the world, And in the times of christianity it brought forth since Fitz Stepben wrote his account of London, the noble emperor Constantine, who gave the city +The first mention of London, in authentic bis. St. Peter, and Sylvester the Pope, whose stirrup,

of Rome, and all the Imperial arms of God, to tory, is by Tacitus, who speaks of its being sacked, A. D. 61, by the British queen Boadicea,

*It would appear from this, that the counterfeit Since the days of Fitz Stephen, London has been sea.fight on the Serpentine river, Hyde Park, in often visited with the plague. We have accounts 1814, was only a revival of an old custom. of it in the years 1346—1362—1379-1500-1594 fThese bones were evidently the origin of skates, --1604–1625 and 1665. During the last plague, in the place of which they were used. Charles II. removed bis court to Salisbury, and it #We have not been able to ascertain, with any is computed, that 65,596 persons died of it. Intolerable precision, the names of the deilies hera 1 500, Henry VII. removed his court to Calais. I alluded to.

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