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avowed, in fact and in deed, "that since a Britis', of its debts, that would disgrace the most notori. jury had discovered that their (harks) indictments ous rascal in society. had been, and were, all grounded in error, they
BAXK FORGEXIES. therefore declined further prosecution of persons “The following circumstances, have occurred in charged with similar offences," for which, we un my own person, and being strongly illustrative of fortunates, having been tried in evil days and iron the necessity of alteration and amendment in bank times, are to suffer.
notes, as well as conclusive of the consciousness The said bank, by their advocate, arrogating the of fallibility on the part of the bank in distinguish. right and using the discretion then allowed by the ing between genuine and forged noies, I cannot administration of the law, did decline the further omit mentioning them here. prosecution of many individuals, under charges of "Having found some difficulty in passing a one forgery, with intent to defraud the said bank; and, pound note, which was somewhat torn, though by by their advocate declining to call any more wit- po means defaced or obscured, I took it to the nesses, the said individuals, so accused, were ac- bank to get it exchanged. Not only the note, hnt quitted and set at large.
myself, were conned over in a manner not very These are facts, royal sir: their comment is the agreeable in a public office. After considerable cry of the nation. A public journal of wide circula. delay, and examination by several clerks, and their tion and influence, the Courier of last night, echoing several inspectors, I was desired to take it to the this cry, dares to assert, “That if the jury were, "one and two pound note office." We there underin this memorable instance, right as to their deci. went a further scrutiny by two clerks, who appear. sion, on interpreting this indictment and the law ed somewhat embarrassed as to their proceeding. of the land, then the hundreds who have suffered I was informed "it would not be examined in. on such similar indictments, have been murdered mediately and would take sometime," and asked by form of law.”
if I was in a hurry? I enquired if it was a good And may not we-even we, sire, forcibly and or a bad note!-Some unimportant observations feeling applying such an argument to our unbiappy were made touching the date, wbich was alleged case, cry out when we come 10 suffer, we are to be rather obscured. I observed I liad nothing murdered by forms of law.
to do with that, or wbat might be necessary after That the jury on Saturday were “right,” is I was gone. The clerk said that something more echoed by the nation. Their decision bas been was necessary—that he must examine "if that numacquiesced in by judges on the bench, and its auber was written off.” I again added, I had no right thority as law: iheir decision has been submitted !o be delayed on such ground; the only question to by subsequent practice.
in which I was concerned, being-was it a good Royal sire-We miserable victims, are but dust: or a bad note? It was however in vain. I then but the immutable principles of justice, on whichi begged he would do what was needful, observing stands your royal father's throne, must never be time; he politely ap logized, but said it was neces.
that it had already engaged me a considerable violated with impunity, even in our own persons, despicable and degraded as we are. Before the sary:, He returned in ten minutes, having written
on the note “6th May, 1816," and his initials, thread is cut, which none can rejoin, we implore your royal bighness by the manes of the victims to desiring me to take it to the person, who had sent wrong-by all that is sacred among men, and me there, and he would exchange it. I did so, and
was again examined and delayed, and even re(what is more sacred than the justice of your favo ther's throne?) by that justice-hy the pious hand quired to write my name and address on the note. that closed your parted blessed mother's eye...by another, until I bad passed the ordeal of four
Finally, after having been sent from one clerk to every other tender tie! and what is more dear than clerks, with their four assistants, I received a new your people's love? for sure, sire, in our country- note in exchange. The whole occupied thirty.five pardon our gushing tears-yes, yes, sire it is our minutes by the bank clock. dear country-in our country, sire, your throne
"Tbe noie, here alluded to, being an old nole, must rest on love. By that love, we implore the common measure of justice which God metes to the following, however, even this plea was taken
some justification might perhaps be urged. In all. Punish us, sire, but not in error or anger. May the God that guards thrones, and makes life sweet
“Some days after, being desirous of exchanging to the worm, inspire your royal highness to act his will
a ten pound note for small ones, with the view of
being secured at least in this case from forgeries, Your royal highness, we are your offending ser. I stepped into the bank, conceiving it would be vants,
but a moment's affair, the note being quite new.JOHN DRISCOL One clerk (cashier) received it, examined it by a Wm. WELLER, table, which hung up at his side and which appear.
GEO. CASH MAN. ed to be a list of numbers with corresponding dates, Condemned Cells, Newgate, Friday evening, or perhaps a list of ascertained forgeries. At all Dicember 11th, 1818.
events, an appeal was made to this table. This To his royal higliness George prince regent. clerk tore off the signature, and handed it to his
(When the men allurled to in the preceding let. inspector, who, also examined it, and having decid. ter were executed the people cried out MUNDER; and ed in his own mind on its genuineness, wrote luis we almost regret they did not commit it on a initials, in red iik, across the note. It was then worthless regent and relentless lord.)
returned, and I was desired 10 go lower down.
There I waited a considerable time, as it is neces. The following statement, abstracted from a pam- sary to "claim," as the phrase is, that is, call out
phlet published by Mr. C. M. Williams, of Lon. ones turn to be served. I was here requested to don, either shew's the extreme difficulty that endorse my name and address: this was really too exists to disiinguish the real from the counterfeit much; the note was new; I observed that it was notes, or exliibits a degree of meanness in the payable to bearer. I declined-I was not positire "great bank of England" to evade the payment as to the person from whom I had received it. I
gave my name but did not wish to be responsible the great inconvenience and delay sustained by the beyond the possession. The clerk was somewhat public. offenced and observed that if the note was my own, "Two observations may here be added: First, why should I refuse to put my name on it? ! that the bank is not justified in insisting on the asked if he would undertake to come on me, should signature on an instrument payable to bearer; and the note turn out forged hereafter? He said ibat that they feel that they are fallible, althougb this was impossible. The inspector had said it was clerk was offended because I acted on a recognised genuine, did I not see he had marked it? I observed case of his own fallibility. “Oh! reform it alsoge. it might be forged as in the case of Mr. Hammond. ther.'
C. W. W. He expressed his ignorance of that case and treated the matter as false. I retired and went to Mr. Ham
Prosecutions for Forgery, mond, in Bishopsgate-st. Mr. Hammond thought I might have put my name on it, as their only object was to prevent fraud. I asked was it true, as he The Democratic Press, when publishing some ac. bad stated, ibat the clerk and inspector had en. count of the trials, &c. given below, introduced deavored to recover the value of the ten pound them by the following observations: forgery taken from him, even asserting that the The alarming fact, to the government and peotormer would lose his situation if it were not reple of Great Britain, that several persons charged paid? Mr. Hammond said yes, but that he was with having passed counterfeit notes of the bank Dot so absurd as to pay it, and never did. of England, knowing them to be counterfeit, were
I returned to the bank, inentioned the fact, again acquitted by the several juries before whom they requested payment, on the specific ground, that I were tried in London, is generally known and has was not positive whether I had received the note excited much conversation. As a more detailed of my banker or not; and that it would save me the account of the trials cannot but be interesting, weto trouble of going to the west end of the town; or on day publieh one. In another account we have read in an understanding not to re.demand if it proved a a London paper, Mr. Glover, who had been inspec. forgery. “My good sir,” said the clerk, you are tor of notes to the bank of England for twenty-five giving yourself a great dealof unnecessary trouble." years, swore that on a former occasion, on the trial I begged to say, I was the best judge of the degree of a man charged with forgery, the inspector of of risk I chose to run. Finally, I was obliged to bank notes had sworn that a note was forged, when ascertain whether it had been actually received in fact the note was a genuine note. Upon this in, from my banker, and who, having made bimself|spector's testimony the man indicted was convicted responsible to me. I endorsed the note, and the and executed! The inspector, who, og his oath, following day it was exchanged at the bank. The mistook a genuine for å forged note, had been an delay and inconvenience was truly distressing inspector of bank notes to the bank of England for Many persons in the office exhibited dissatisfac. twenty years. When such a man as this, after 20 tion at the manner they were also inconvenienced. years experience, on his oxth and the life of a felImpatience and irrilaiion were indeed loudly ex. low being depending on his testimony, could be pressed by many. Let the reader who bas not so far mistaken as to swear that a note was forged, experienced it, imagine what a lax upon time, which note, after the man was hanged for the forwhat an expense even to the bank, what a gratuitous gery, was found to be genuine, how easy is it for alienation of public feeling! Let the directors the clerks of our banks to be mistakes. It will be examine the department. Let them go incognito, borne in mind, that in Great Britain and Ireland, and judge for themselves.
embracing a population of seventeen millions, there “Thus the simple exchange of a note, requiring States, with a population of ten millions, there are
are but three incorporated banks, while in the U. the examination of so many clerks-the agency of 80 many inspectors—the scrutiny of another office upwards of four Lundred banks !!! -the appeal to the ledgers--the loss of so much
From the London Statesman.. time, and above all, the ultimale indecision on the
OLD BAILEY, DEC. 5, 1818. part of the bank, and the taint remaining on the note to the embarrassment of the holder, who pero liams, agei 21, was arraigned for forging and pas.
Most important cuses of forgeil notes.—John Wilhaps, in the interval, loses his security. These two cases, in the bank of Ireland, would not have sing a 11. note, purporting it to be genuine, with occupied the time one would take to walk across bank of England. He also s!ood charged with
intent to defraud the governor and company of the the office. There a man goes out of his way to bave puting away ten of the said 11. notes; and another note exchanged, but here!
account stated his having put away five of the said “In Ireland the bearer is requested to put his 11. notes in the county of Surry. signature on notes above the value of twenty pounds, Mr. Serjeant Bosanquet stated the case to the not as a right, but to save the public, in the evene jury, and called the following witnesses:of loss or robbery. The precaution is well under. William Underwood deposed that he was en. stood by the public, as being useful to them, and gaged by Sellers, a constable, Samuel Furzeman, complied with; but where a refusal is made, which and williain Coals, to detect the prisoner at the sometimes occurs, and wbich may be even justifi bar in passing forged notes. Witness had become able on private and personal grounds, no observa acquainted will the prisoner on the 28th of Oct. tion follows.
last, and on the 7th of November, for the first time, "The above proves—first, the difficulty of as he met the prisoner at the Couch and Horses, in certaining the genuineness of a nole, even in the Drury Lane, when the prisoner Wis in company bank, a d with the collateral aid of private marks with Jolin Guy, whom he well knew, and who in. -secondly, the necessity of the fallible test of introduced him for the purpose of buying notes of duplicate number not baving been already paid the prisoner. He had been previously told by thirdly, the fact of a doubt still hanging on the Guy, that the prisoner would sell bim some queer genuineness of a note, and the continued responsi- vnes, meaning forged notes. He bought one, for bility, even after payment by the bank-fourthly, I which he paid 7s. and a day or two afterwards
he bought five more from prisoner on Waterloo. the attention of the whole couri was at once di. bridge.-On the 12th, he met prisoner in Monu. rected to bim. He begged leare to observe, with ment-yard, and purchased ten more forged notes. all deference to the dignity of the court and the Prisoner then asked wilness when he wanted more: opinion of the bench, that neither he or his brother to which the witness replied, he should want other jurymen were salisfied with the evidence of the innotes by Thursday, it being the day before King. spector to the bank, and they wished to be informston fair.
ed by him, if possible, how he knew a forged from The witness underwent a very able cross-exami. a genuine note: They themselves (the jury) bad nation from Mr. Adolpius. It appeared that there several notes in their possession, which they had was no other honest man besides himself to speak taken in the course of trade, and they really could to this transaction, which affected the prisoner's not see the difference between these notes and the life. He had been about three months in this lu- one pronounced to be forged. crative trade, but had followed several others in The note being here handed to the jury, each the course of his life. He had been porter at a of the twelve jurors ccinutely examined it, and coppersmith's, and a callico printer; but had, until compared it with several of their own, after which the last three months, been employed by his cousin the foreman repeated, that it was their decided in the coal trade. This cousin of his had several opinion that the bank inspector was bound to give sheds about the town, and was also clerk to a law. them some specific mark in the body of the note, yer in the Temple.
by wbich they might judge whether he was capa. Mr. Adolphus then put the following questions ble or not or distinguishing between good and bad to the witness:
notes, for the note in question was so well exeHave you ever given evidence against individuals cuted, and in all respects so similar, that they could charged with this offence before?-I never have not make up their minds on the subject. been in a court of justice before.
Baron Wood remarked, io reply, that the infor. That is not my question, and you know it. Have mation they requested was rather of a delicate you ever given évidence before?-Yes: I believe I kind, and it might not be proper to make the pubhave.
lic at large acquainted with the secret by which You know you have; and I will make you tell the Bank of England was enabled to detect the me!-- Yes; I have given evidence against two per forged notes attempted to be passed as genuine.
It might, in fact, be very productive of inconve. What are their names!--The one is Edwards, and nience if this was done, and surely the circumstance the other is his wife.
of the prisoner selling for 7s. what was known to Have you given evidence against no one else?- be worch 20s. Was a strong proof of guilty know. Yes: against a man of the name of Stanley.
ledge. And all these are individuals charged with a The jury were, however, by no means satisfied similar offence as the prisoner at the bar, whom with the opinion of the bench, when at last, you bave been honest enough to entrap, by the Mr. Serjeant Bosar:quet said, he should call Mr. assistance of the bank of England?-Yey. Glover again, and exaniine bim on the subject still
And you have face enough to give evidence, un further. der such circumstances, against the individual at Mr. Glover, the inspector, said, that he would the bar, who is now on trial for his life?-Yes, I endeavor to comply with the request of the jury, bave.
as far as he reasonably could. In the first place, William Sellers stated that he was employed by the paper was not of the same kind; next, the the bank of England, to detect the passers of water-mark, in the forged notes, was indented by a forged notes; and for that purpose had procured sudden pressure after the paper was manufactured, the last witness (Underwood) to purchase notes of wbilst the water-mark of ibe Bank of England, the prisoner. He (witness) was insiructed as to was interwoven, as it were, with the manufacturing the meeting of the parties, and went to Monument of the paper of wbich they were made. Then, as yard, upon the night stated by the last winess, to the numbers, or figures, of the different notes; where he saw the prisoner and Underwood; bui those belonging to the bank were stereotyped, the former suddenly disappeared, and, as he un. while the figures of the forged notes were always derstood, ran off by Pudding lane, in which di- struck upon the copper they were engraved on. rection he pursued him in vain. Prisoner was, Mr. Baron Wood then charged the jury, and obhowever, at length traced to the Coach and Horses served, the case had, in his opinion, been clearly public house, in Drury-Lane, where he was appre made out against the prisoner. hended.
The jury retired 75 minutes and returned, find. Jolin Chambers, the next witness, now deposert, ing the prisoner guilty of uttering the note to Mre thai be was by trade a shoemaker, and resided in Chambers, but they could not, on their oaths, be. Higli Holborn; tliit the prisoner at the bar came lieve one single word that Underwood, tbe first into his shop one evening towards the latter end witness, had said. of November last, when he offered him a 11. noie The learned Baron told them the prisoner was in purcnase of some goods. Prisoner tien gave charged with selling the note to Underwood, and hiin what he afterwards discovered to be a fulse they must, therefore, ucquit him if such was their name and address. The note he then tendered opinion. him (here the note was produced in court) was The verdict was then declaçed to be-Not guilthe same as was now presented bim.
ty! Thomas Glover, the inspecior to the Bank of William Connor, aged thirty.one, was indicted England, was next sworn, and, upon the riotes befor uttering several 11. forged notes, with intent ing produced, he declared them io be all forgeries. to defraud the governor ani company of the Bank He had been inspector of bank notes for a period of Englar: 1. five persons gave evidence to the of 23 years, and he knew the notes were ali from prisoner's having passed forged notes to them. one plate.
The same kind of evidence as to forgery was The jury seemed much dissatisfied with the evi-given as in the preceding case. The trial insted dence of this witness, and lbe foreman rose, when till five o'clock, wnen the jury retired, and at nine
in the evening returned into court , when the forefqnot now trespass upon their time in detailing the man stated the verdict to be as follows:-Guilty o facts of the case. The legal advisers of the bank passing the notes in question, but, the jury are not had been consulted on this occasion, and the ultiall satisfied with the evidence adduced as to the mate determination was to relinquish the prosecu. notes being forged.
tion. The prisoner was of course acquitted. This The common Serjeant. It is your duty, gentle is the fourth prosecution of the bank for uttering men, in such a case, to convict or acquit the pri. forged notes, all of which bave failed. soner, as appears to you to be proper
Foreman - The jury have no doubt the prisoner on the result of these trials, the London Courier passed the note, but we are by no means satisfied which paper is the common sewer of the high that it is a forged note. The evidence does not a toned aristocracy of England, said all convince us of that.
"We may expeci to hear soon of multiplied for. The common Serjeant.--Gentlemen, if you are geries upon the bank of England, for, by the wise not agreed in your verdict, you must retire, and conduct of juries, that corporate body is now again consider it.
placed beyond the protection of the law. New The foreman-We are agreed, my lord, but fangled doctrines about evidence have usurped the cannot be satisfied with the evidence of the forgery. wholesome practice of our courts of justice, and
The common Serjeant. - If, gentlemen, you are rogues are turned loose upon society again, benot satisfied with the note being a forged note, pur cause forsooth those particulars are not promul. porting to be of the bank of England, you are bound gated with respect to good notes, which would to acquit the prisoner.
enable the forgers of them to exercise their Mr. Shelton (clerk of the arraigns)-fientle. calling with still greater facility, and less risk of men of the jury, is the prisoner at the bur guilly detec'ion. God forbid we should ever see the day, or not?
when the trial by jury shall be abolished: but if Foreman (in a firm tone of voice)--Not guilty. ever that calamity falls upon the country, it will
This verdict was received with the loudest ap be produced, like most civil disasters, by the abuse plause by a crowded audience, who seemed pecu. for just and legitimate power. We can, indeed, lixrly interested in the decision of this truly im. but too easily imagine a crisis in which the face portant case.
Lious perversity of juries, may lead to the terrible December 7.
alternative of closing the statute book of the jury box." John Dye was capitally indicted for uttering a The Morning Chronicle, an opposition print, referforged bank note knowing it to be forged.
ing'lo ihe same, observed Mr. Serjeant Bosanquet stated to the jury, that "The temptations to commit forgery are great. the present prosecution rested principally on the Can they be lessened without diminishing the patestimony of the witness whose evidence had been per circulation? Can the commission which has given on a former trial (Williams's.) He observ. been appoinied find any thing which mnan can ed, that when the testimony of a witness, however do, that cannot be initated by man? If they can. culpable, was confirmed in the main points by other not, is it not worthy of consideration, whether the persons of respectable character, the jury were long list of punishments, and the frigh:ful amount bound to credit it. Since Saturday, when ihis wit. of unpunished crime, with all the vices in its train, ness was exunined, the case of the prisoner at the do not of themselves form sufficient reason for bar bad been considered. As no evidence could contracting the circulation of bank notes within be adduced in corroboration of this witness (Un- the limits prescribed by ancient usage, even if the derwood,) whose charac'er had been impunged, he changes in the value of property, effected by the sliould not detail the case to the jury. The pri- arbitrary changes of the quantity of paper money, soner was accordingly acquitterl.
did not direct us to the same conclusion. William Howard was indicted for uttering a forg: We are drawn into these observations by the cu. ed 1l note to Elizabeth Macpherson, knuwing it to rious coincidence of their being at this time an ac, be a forgery. The evidence ag iinst this prisoner cual canvass for signatures to a jobbing memorial was very slight. It consisted in the testimony of to perpetuate the issue of relurning to a bealtbthe piose utris, who proved the circunstance of fui inciallic currency, while, at the same moment, the ultering.
four distinct juries have pronounced verdicts of Mr Glover, one of the inspectors of bank-notes, acquittal for the alleged crime of forging, or of gave the same testimony as be had done in the uttering forged imitations of those noies. Thus case of Williams, regarding the private marks on the mercenary motives of jobbers and speculators the bank-hotes. The signing clerk proved the seck to preserve a gystem, at which the moral signature was no: his writing. The jury, however, feelings of the people at large revolt, and upon not thinking the testimony sufficiently strong, ac- which they bave given, at the criminal trib mal of quitted the prisoner.
the country, & solemn and irrevocable decision. December 8.
Those erdicis determine the cuse. The bak hive John Williams Was put to the bar, charged under now no exp-dient lef for tire contmance of a an indictment for uttering a forged 11. note with practice so vicious, as we bave said there is no re• intent to defraud James Chambers.
medy but in withdruwing the small noies.
Chinese State Paper.
A gentleman has politely favored us with the Mr. Serjaant Bosarquet, on the part of the pro. copy of the letter below, said to have been indited secution, addressed the jury, and observed, that by the hand of his emperial mujesty, the empiror it was deterrnined not to adduce any evidence against of China. It is a state Paper (Chinese state pathe prisoner on this charge. The testimony which pers are rare,) and as a literary document is more could be brought forward was so mingled with thun ordinarily curious. Tie translator oily rethat which, on a former occasion, the jury hud degretted that some » hat of the spirit of the original clared their unwillingness to believe, that he would I was lost in the translation. It had not been pub. Scr. TO VOL. XVI.
TO THE SOVAREIGY OF THE BILTTISH ISLES.
lished in any of the English journals, or in any of Your ambassador then told my great officers, the works that lord Amherst's embassy produced, face to face, that when the proper time came, tre 1 til in Junie last.
[Umon would comply with the ceremonies, and would wpeior of China's letter to the prince regent of Eng, perform the kneeling and prostration, and boxing land.
of the head to the ground, and that no exceeding
or falling short of the established forms should "The supreme sovereign of ine eart!), wbo has occur. received it from lieaven and revolving iime, issues 'Accordingly, my great officers, in conformity this imperial mandate to ihe king of England, with to, and in reliance on this declaration, reported ile purpurt of which let him be most fully üc- the affair to me, and I sent down my pleasure that quaintel.
on the 7th day of the 7th moon, your a...bassador 'Your country, O king, is situated at an immense should be ordered to appear before the imperial distance beyond the vast ocean, yet you send to person; that on the 8th, in the great ball of light me, in the sincerity of your beari, an offering of and splendor, an entertainment should be con. devotedness, and turn with a zealous affection to ferred, and gifts bestowed; and again, that in the the transforming inQuences which eminate from garden of perpetual pleasure, a feast should be prethe middle kingdom, (China.)
pared; that on the 9ih he should have his audience "Oa a former occasion, in the 58th year of Kein. of leave, and that on the same day, it should be Jung, at a time when the reign of the exalted, the perinitted him, to ramble on the hills of ten thou. honor:ble, and the immaculate emperor was ap. sand ages: that on the 11th, at the gate of perfect proaching towards its close, you sent an ambassador concord, gifts should again be conferred; after across the seas to the residence.
which he should repair to the board of ceremonies, *At that time, your ambassador, in approaching and there again be feasted: and that on the 12th, the throne, wiin veneration and respect, performed he should be finally despatched, and ordered to the accustomed ceremony without exceeding or proceed on his journey. The day fixed for per. falling short of what is required; and duly observed forming the ceremony, and the precise form to be all the forms with proper decorum: and was then observed, were previously cominunicated to your enabled to look up, and receive the favor and affec ambassador by my great officer of state. tion of the son of Heavens, to see his majesty's 'On the 7th, the day appointed to your ambassador celestial face; to be entertained at a grand banquet; to approach and behol i the imperial person, he and to have numerous and valuable presents accordingly arrived at the palace, and I, the em. bestowed upon bim.
peror, was just about to enter the great hall of •In this present year, you, o king, have thought audience. fit again to send an ambassador to our court, with •Your ambassador, all on a sudden, asserted that # written representation, and with orders to pre he was so exceedingly ill, that he could not stir : sent me with productions of your country, on his step; I thouglit it not impossible, and therefore being introduced into my presence.
ordered the two assistant ambassadors to enter the '1, Emperor, having reilected that you, O king, hall, and appear before me; but both the assistant and from feelings of respect and obedience,* re. amb:83adors asserted also that they were ill. This joiced exceedingly at this intelligence; I caused certainly was an instance of rudeness which had forth with the foriner records to be examined; and never been exceeded. I did not, however, inflict I ordered the proper nuinber of officers of state to severe chastisement, but I ordered them to be await the arrival of your ambassador, that on the sent off the same day, on their return to their own very day of his approach to the palace, he mighi, country. As your ambassador was thus prevented in all due respect, behold the imperial person, and from beholding the imperial presence, it was not then be entertained with a grand festival, according expedient that he should send in the written reto all things, and with exactly the same ceremonies presentation from you, o king. It is, therefore, which were observed in tbe preceding reign. sent back in the same state it came by your an.
Your ambassador first began to open his com- bassador. munications at Tienising. I appointed great offi. “We have considered, however, that you, O king, cers of stale to be there to give him an imperial from the immense distance of many times ten feast and entertainment. Wben, behold! instead of thousand leagues, respecifully caused a written your ainbassador returning thanks for his feast, representation to be presented to me, and duly he refused to pay obedience to the prescribed offered presents; that your ambassador's inability ceremonies.
to communicate, on your behalf, with profound 'I, the emperor, in the affair of the inferior officer reverence and sincere devotion, is his own fault, of the state arriving from a remote country, did and that the dispnsition of profound respect and not deem forms and ceremonies of any great im-obedience on your part, Oking, are visibly apparent. portance; it was an Affair in which some indulgence
'I therefore thought proper to take from the and compassionate forbearance might be shewn to articles of tribute, only a few maps,
prints of order for all my great officers of state to use gen. feelings of sincere devotedness for me, just the tletiess and accommodating beliavior towards your same as if I had received the whole. In return ! ambassador; and to inform bim on his arrival at ordered to be given you, O king, a Joo-ee (emblem Pekin, that in the 58th year of Kien-lung, your of prosperity.) a string of imperial beads, two large ambassador, in performing the usual ceremony, silk purses, and eight small ones, as a proof of our always fell upon his knees, and bowed his bead to tender and indulgent conduct in this affair. the ground, according to the established forms;
Your couniry is too remotely distant from the how, indeed, on sucia an occasion, could any change central and Aourishing empire: 80 that to send an be allowid?
ambassador to such a distance over the waves of
the sea is not a light affair. Besides, your am*Yere is evidently a slight error, as there is in bassador it would seem, does not understand how our copy, which the reader is requested to rectify to practice the rights and ceremonies of the central for himself.
empire. The subject indeed involves a severe labac