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ever, on this head, open lo conviction. Whilst said, he presumed the honorable gentleman from thus in favor of it, shall I vote for its disbandment, Kentucky would take the same view as himself, because, peradventure, in the progress of time, its and would rather increase than diminish it. What Jabor may be applied to a purpose which I do not difficulty could there be in making a discriminal. wisb? Mr. B. said, he was indeed disposed to ing and specific appropriation in this case, since, withhold any appropriation, specific or contingent, at the last session, it was so readily made, where which should authorise the executive to employ the object was to deprive our gallant officers, who the soldiery in the construction of roads. But, had shed their blood in their country's service, whilst he would do this, he would not witbhold of the poor reward allowed them by the brevet the pay of the army, as fixed by law, the mainten- pay attached to the rank their bravery had won, ance of which army he considered consistent with in the defence of the dearest rights and interests the well being of the country, because, by possi. of the country! That discrimination was then bility, the labor of that army might be applied to a made; and it appeared to him impossible but this purpose he should not consider correct.

mode of reaching the object now in view, most Mr. Tverin, of Virginia, was of opinion that have occurred to some member of the committee the house ought not to proceed to act upon this of ways and means. It must now be apparent, Mr. subject without further information, Tbere were M. though, that the very respectable minority, in töis house various classes of opinion on the sub. wbom he had counted in their seats on the ques. ject of the power of the government to execute tion of going into committee of the whole, were internal improvements. Oione class, opposed to right in supposing gentlemen were not ready for the construction of roads in any manner, by any the discussion. There was another subject, he branch of the government, was his friend from said, of a painful nature, which ought to underga Virginia, who had just sat down. It appeared to the examination of the house before the bill passed. Mr. T, that information on the subject' must be if he were to introduce the debate by a motion to necessary for him; for he was a member of this amend this bill, he should find a precedent in the house when the two last annual appropriation bills motion, at the last session, having for its object passed, under the authority of appropriations, in the acknowledgement of the independence of the some part or other of which, three or four roads South American colonies; and, with the object lię had been making; and those bills received the had in view, had he regarded the course pursued gentieman's vote. Since the gentleman thought at the last session as correct, he might resort to a all appropriations for such ohjects unconstitumotion to reduce the appropriation for the suptional, did he not desire some information on this port of the army. The course Mr. M. said, which head? There was another class in the house lie expected the house would be invited to pursue anxious to see improvements going on in any shape. by those who concurred with him in opinion with Was it not desirable to them to have information respect to the events of the Seminole war, was on the subject? Mr. 'I. wished to proceed on one in which he could not concur, and imposed tangible ground; if they were to fight for one road on him the necessity of expressing bis opinion in in this house, he wished all roads io pass the same a different way. If the course which he proposed ordeal. The spesker appeared to think that the were not pursued, some other would be proposed, secretary of war ought to have furnished the house which, if receiving the assent of the house, would with information on this subject. Mr. T. said he amount to a censure on the chief magistrate or knew not, and perhaps be doubted because of bis some other officer of the army. For this he was very favorable opinion of the gentleman who filled not prepared: be would not vote a censure on the that office, whelher he ought to have volunteered chief magistrate, because he thought the occasion this information. The secretary had before him would not warrant it, and because, moreover, he the fact, that no such information had lieretofore doubted the constitutional power of this house to been thought necessary to be communicated, re. pronounce censure on the president in any other specting roads known to have been constructed mode than that prescribed by the constitution. under the orders of that department. If the in. Still less in this opinion, had this house the conformation had been asked from the war depart. stitutional authority to pass a vote of censure on ment, Mr. T. said he had no doubt it would have the commander of the army. The proper mode been afforded with the utmost promptitude. It of trying a military officer was by a court-martial, is our business to call for information on the sub. convened at the instance of an informer; and it ject, said he; and my object in rising was to ex. was not the office of this house to become an in. press the hope that the committee will rise, and I former to bring any officer before a court-martial. will submit å motion having that object in view. Mr. M. said, he therefore wished to come at his [Mr. T. here read a motion to that effect, which be object by a course analogous to the practice of proposed to move should the committee rise.] the country from which we have borrowed most

Mr. Mencen, of Virginia, said, he had before of our institutions; a course pointed oui, indeed, by attempted to catch the eye of the gentleman who the constitution itself. He wished to institute an was in the chair, but had with pleasure given enquiry whether the army was such a one as we way to the honorable speaker, whose object was ought to sustain; whether the establishment was to obtain information, which he was surprised the sucb, that, in some branch or other of it, it could chairman had it not in his power to furnish. Tbe not be properly reduced For this purpose, tre committee, Mr. M. said, could not have forgotten, desired that this bill should be postponed; and, that, at tke last session, a certain part of the bouse so far from a necessity for expedition for passing baving a desire to express, in some sort, a censure it, the contrary was demonstrated by the fact, on the practice of allowing brevet pay, the com. stated by the chairman of the committee of ways mittee of ways and means had instructed their and means, of surpluses existing of the last year's chairman to insert a provision in the general appro appropriation. Why then hasten a decision on priation bill, and then to move to strike it out. it? Are all our proceedings, said Mr. M, to be Of such a specification, if inserted in the present conducted in this way? Are we to listen, from bill, in regard to the appropriation for extra pay day to day-listen ? 'Nay, are to look on with for the labor of the troops, on roads, Mr. M. llistless indifference, whilst, day after day, the

speaker and clerk adjudicate private claims, and the safe side of it. I would at all times abstain then, unexpectedly, to be precipitated into com from any act, of the correctness of which I was mittee of the whole on important questions, which, not clearly satisfied. is the gentleman fully conbut for a sort of legislative legerdemain, that of vinced, that, in voting for "he pay of the army,". postponing he orders of the day, would not have he votes for nothing more? Has he not reason to presented themselves, in the order of business, believe that he votes for something else? Unques. for many days to come! This, be said, was the tionably he has. Shall congress vote money in the second time lie had witnessed, in this bouse, this contingent fund for an unconstitutional purpose 3 mode of arriving at a particular bill; and the first For such purpose, there is no more right to take time he had seen it, at the last session, was also money from the contingent fund, then from the to bring up the army bill. If the military year so appropriation for subsistence or for forage. The ended as to require the appropriation bill to pass gentleman from Kentucky (Mr. Trimble) had said, before the first day of January, or the operations that the contingent fund was placed at the discre. and pay of the army to be suspended, this was tion of the head of the government. But if, said another difficulty which required attention-and Mr. W. from the contingent fund, the head of a the military year should be so arranged by law as department pays money improperly or unconstita, not to begin on the first of January, but, on the tionally, we must hold our bands. Mr. W. did fourth of March in each year, that the amount of ap. not subscribe to this doctrine of discretion and propriation might be duly adapted to the measures irresponsibility on the part of the executive offi. of the session affecting the army expenditure.- cers. He cared not from what fund the expenditure The questions presented, and to be presented to for constructing roads was made, it was equally the house, were worth deliberation. At this mo- repugnant to the principles of the constitution, as ment, when not a whisper of party spirit was heard; announced to congress by the president himself when all parties united in singing hosannas to the in his message at the commencement of the last present administration, should he not be allowed, session. He believed the constitutional corrective though he should stand alone in the course he of every abuse to be in this house, and boped proposed to pursue, an opportunity of expressing they would not shrink from the exercise of it. his views? If gentlemen were prepared to pro- Mr. W. made some further remarks to shew that notince their opinion; if they were willing to re there was no reason for harrying this bill through ceive, as satisfactory to their minds, the state pa. the house, per recently transmitted to the liouse, which had Mr. LOWNDES, of South Carolina, said he should been pronounced to contain a complete justifica. not have risen, but for the suggestion made by tion of the proceedings in Florida-a state paper one gentleman, and repeated by another, that the covered with flowers, but with flowers that scented expenditure of money appropriated under the head of blood-he hoped be should be allowed the op- of contingent expenses of the army, in paying the portunity of shewing the reasons why he did not soldiers for extra labor 'in making roads, was subscribe to that opinion He was not prepared, illegal. . On the contrary, he said, this question bad he desired it to be understood, to reduce the ar. been fairly before the house, and the appropriamy; not a man of them. He had, for some days, tion made with the express understanding, and had a resolution in bis pocket, which he had not previous declaration of the war department, that a pressed on the house, because he thought the pro- part of it was to be applied to the purpose of pay. per time for it had not arrived-the object of ing soldiers for extra duty, for work done on roads, which was to shew that the army could be so em. Among the documents presented to the liouse, ployed as to aid in the very object of internal im- when the appropriation was frst proposed, a year provement, which bad been this morning the sub- or two ago, was the quartermaster's estimate for ject of discussion. [The object of this resolution, extra pay for fatigue duty of those soldiers engaged Mr. M. stated: it was the same motion which he in making military roads. With respect to ihe introduced, after the close of this debute,--see W. expenditure, then, which had taken place under REGISTER, Vol. XV. p. 367.] He said, we had not executive authority, it had been authorised by in the army a man too many; and the proposition appropriations made for that purpose, or with the he had announced his intention to make, to reduce distinct understanding Iliat they were to be so apthe number of major generals, sprung exclusively plied. If any member would compare ibe prefrom the view which he took of recent occurrences sent estimate with the former appropriations for on the southern border.

contingencies, le would find a very considerable Mr. Williams, of North Carolina, after shew. diminution. Appropriuiions for contingencies, hosing that the army would not be disbanded, nor ever, were only inier:ded to cover expenditures not even deranged in any manner by a few days' delay previously au'horised by law, and which could not of the annual appropriation for its support, de. be foreseen so as to be provided for: but, where manded of gentlemen, where was the urgent, tbe an expenditure, like that on roards, for example, imperious necessity which they seemed to sup can be anticipated, the object should be dis:inctly pose existed for passing tbis bill at the preseni stated in the appropriation. When, however, & moment! He trusted that the asserabled wis- sum has been appropriated, under an estimate that dom of this nation would proceed with greater one branch of it is made necessary by the extra caution; that the house sliould know distincily expenses of the detachments of the army employed for what purposes it appropriated the public no- in making roads, Mr. L. said he could not con. ney. The gentleman from Virginia was entirely ceive that any censure could attach to the execu. satisfied as io the vote le should give on this bill. tive for applying the money so appropriated to If he is (suid Mr. W ) I am not. I had the honor ibat object. It was an usual practice for com. of voting with the gentleman on the question of mittees, particularly for those wisich had an undue internal iroprovement at he last session, on which portion of labor to perform, to include under one association with him I congratulate myself. I had head, or in one bill, provisions which ought to be doubts of the constitutionality of the power we divided into several; this course, 109, frequently were called upon to exercise, and, when I have was proper, as conducing to brevity and conveni. doubts on any such question, I had rather err onlence. Whilse le ihought the commitee not censur

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able for not having introduced a separate appro.tp congress their being, and conferred on them
priation in the former laws for this object, it was their powers.
fair to say that he should consider it perfectly pro Mr. Smitu said he was much bound to the polite.
per now to make it a distinct item, because the sess of the honorable speaker, for the notice yester-
principle was important, and because there is a day given him, as the gentleman had to-day in.
very great difference of opinion with respect to formed the house, that he should call for certain
the constitutionality of the power. He did not information respecting one of the items of appro-
see that there was any particular urgency requir. priation in the bill. In consequence of that intima.
ing thie bowe to act upon the bill forth with; and tion, Mr. S. said, he had addressed a letter to the
he therefore hoped time would be given to obtain secretary of war, to which he bad just received
the requisite information on the subject. an answer, wbich he would communicate to the

Mr. Jousson, of Virginia, said, as reasons had house. Mr. S. then stated substantially the in. been offered why the committee should not now formation contained in the document which he had act on this subject, he desired leave to submit to received.* the house some of the reasons which would in. Mr. JOHNSON, of Kentucky, spoke against the fluence his vote. He was in favor of enquiring, committee's rising. He made some remarks also, by a distinct call on the proper department, wbe on the power exercised by the executive, of em. ther the executive continues to do that which he ploying the ariay, or any part of it, in the construchas denied that the congress of the United States iion of military roads. None, he said, would deny has the power to do. if he had no other reason, the right to make a bridge by the army, for its he would vote for the committee's rising, to get own safety in retreat, or for the purpose of crossing at this fact. Mr. J. was disposed to protest, too, a river in pursuit of an enemy; nor the right of against other doctrines he had heard to-day. We making a causeway over a ditch, or over a swamp are told, said he, that we have a right to impeach, - and he could see no difference in principis, if but that we have no right to censure the president. the causeway became a paved road on dry ground. For one, I claim the right. This is the grand the real question for the house to decide now, inquest of the nation: and tbis bouse has the right was whether they would pay the poor soldier, who to censure any and every officer, from the president receives five dollars a month only for his services, of the United States down to the most subordinate an extra ration or allowance for laboring on pub. in public employ. He claimed the right, he re- lic works, or whether he should be deprived of peated; be represented a portion of the people of this pay, by depriving the government of the means this country-and whensoever, in his judgment, of paying him. The power to make a bridge, s any officer of this government should do wrong, causeway, or a road, by employing the soldiery on if the wrong amounted not to an act for which he it, would in no manner be affected by this decision, would be liable to legal prosecution, if he (Mr. J.) At the last session of congress, however, what was believed him to be wrong, he claimed the right, the decision of this house on the subject of the and would exercise the right, of censuring him power of congress to cause roads to be construct. It is important, said be, that we should exercise ed? Was it not in favor of the power to make it: we represent the people; we speak their voice; military roads as well as commercial roads ? Mr. their voice sliall be heard; that voice shall and will J. said he could not see this lurking harm, this be obeyed. Mr. J. went on to show other reasons poison to the liberties of the country, in the ap. why the committee should rise, founded on the propriation referred 10; for, if censure or thanks defect of information before the house, particu- were supposed due to the act of employing the larly as to the expenditures for making roads. Wbat did these roads cost last year? What have *The following is so much of the document as they cost since you begun them? These were relates to the question in debate: questions to which answers were required before "The sum estimated for extra pay to soldiers, he gave his consent, &c. He was surprised that was intended to be applied to the pay of soldiers such information, as well as of the amount expect engaged in labor upon roads, as well as upon ed to be applied to that object during the ensuing barracks and other public works. If it be determin. year, was not in possession of the committee of ed to strike out this item, about the sum of ten ways and means. He laid it down as a sound thousand dollars was intended to be applied to that axiom, in government, never to render that con- ubject. tingent, which can be made certain. If, he said, “You have enclosed, herewith, copies of the rewe could foresee all the expenses of the govern. gulations on the subject of extra allowance to the ment, and provide specifically for each, it would soldiers detailed for labor, the first dated in 1808, be best. Some objects of expenditure were so the latter in. 1816." uncertain as not to admit of that course. But it

EXTNACT FROM REGULATIONS. was seen at a glance that there was no reason why “The non commissioned officers and privates, the appropriation for making roads should be who may be drawn, as artificers, to work constantly included in the contingent fund. His l.onorable col- on fortifications, bridges, barracks, roads, or other league was in favor of increasing the appropria. public works, for a term of not less than ten days, tion when made specific. Mr. J. on the contrary, Sundays excepted, shall be allowed, for each day's desired it to be specific, that he might vote to actual labor, fourteen cents, and one gill of spirits strike it out altogether. There should not be each, in addition to their pay and ralions. appropriated to that object, by bis vote, one dollar, “Other non-commissioned officers and privates, nora fraction of a dollur. He bad, at the last session, not artificers, who shall be drawn for constant labor performed a very humble part in endeavoring foon fortifications, roads, bridges barracks, or other assign the reasons why be thought the constitution public works, for a term of not less than ten days, had not given the power to congress to make roads. Sundays excepted, shall be allowed, for each day's Having given that vote, he could not now give a actual labor, ien cents, and ove gill of spirits each, vote to sanction an appropriation which be believed in addition io their pay and rations." would be a violation of that instrument which gave The above regulation established in 1898,

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Boldiers on the public roads, Mr. J. said he would, to the public grood, and will bring forwart those vote heartily for thanks to the administration for who, upon every consideration, and from the best having done what be considered an acceptable information I can obtain, will, in my judgment, be duty. It was obvious wliy the subject had now most likely to answer that great end. presented itself. The late war with Great Britain "The delicacy with which your letter was written, was not many years past-he boped it was not and your wish & insinuated, did not require me to forgotten-it had brought to our knowledge the be thus explicit on this head with you; but the fatal consequences of not having military roads desire which I have that those persons whose good in several parts of our country. The government, opinions I value should know the principles on availing itself of this experience, had directed the rich I mean to act in this business, has led me to army, otherwise reposing in sloth, and contract this fill declaration and I trust that the truly ing ihe vices of the camp, to be employed to a worthy and resivectable characters in this country greater extent in a species of duty, in which they will do justice to the motives by which I am actuat. hadd frequently been employed before, but on a ed in all my public transactions” smaller scale. There never had been an army, PERIODICAL JOURNALS.—The number of periodical he said, but the contingent fund of its quarter Journals (not newspapers) published in the whole master's departmeat had been applied to pay for Austrian empire is 31. Of these, 13 are published the extra work of the soldier. Mr. J. was not only at Vienne, 9 in Italy, 2 at Prague, 3 at Salzburg, ready to vote the required appropriation, but to 1 at Gratz, 2 at Pest and 1 at Presburg-20 in the applaud the government for having engaged in an German language, 3 in the Italian, 1 in the Hun. undertaking which required it.

garian, 1 in the Sclavonian, 1 in the new Greek After some further remarks, principally ex-language-2 are dedicated to theology, 2 to juris. planatory, from Mr. Trimble and Mr. CLAY, the prudence, 3 to medicine and surgery, 2 to natural committee rosc, the usual hour of adjournment philosophy, 1 to the military sciences, 2 to history having arrived, and obtained leave to sit again. and statistics, 1 to economics, 4 to the belles let.

ters, 1 to music, 10 to miscellaneous subjects, 1

for youth. As literary Journals, we mention the Miscellaneous Scraps. Biblioteca Italiana, the Hungarian Journal, called The Lindon Traveller, of the 27in of August, Tudomanyos Gyujtemeny, and the Chronicle of 1818, makes the following remarks on the celebra. Ausrian Literature. In the whole monarchy, there tion of the 4th of July, in this country:

appear 31 newspapers, viz. 17 German, ĭ Italian, "The Anerical pipers are now filled with ac. 1 Latin, 2 Hungarian, 1 Bohemian, 1 Polish, I counts of the celebration of the anniversary of the Greek, 1 Servian. Of these, 7 are published at independence of the Voi'ed seates. The enthusi Vienna, 2 in Bohemis, 1 in Moravia, 4 in llungary, asm called forth by this festival in the present year, and Transylvania, 2 in Gallicia, 1 in Syria, 1 in appears to exceed that of all former occasions, and Corinthia, 1 in Salızburg, 1 in Tyrol, 2 in Illyriai

, to diffuse itself more generally through all ranks 7 in Italy. With the exception of the Austriaa of the people. The 4ih of July is the day on which Observer, the Wanderer, the Vienna Burzemian this great event occurred, and the present is the Gazeite, the Enhemeridus Posonienses, the Magyaz 43. 1 year of independence. The inflated style as-Kurir and the Servian Gazette, these papers are sumed by the editors of the American journals on chiefly read for the advertisements and miscellane. this occasion is one of its remarkable attendant fea ous intelligence. tures, in evidence of which we only need inform AMERICA IN GERMIST.-111 a file of the Ilamburg, o'r readers that one account of the celebration of Correspondent is found the following article of that day opens with"!Tail great republic of the literary intelligence: worki!"

Notice of a new periodical publication about to be come Appointments to office. The following letter, menceil at Hamburg, under che title of . Imericus written by gen. WASHINGT9x, when president, in represented by itseifanswer to one from a very intimate friend who Tine materials for this work will not be drawa wanted an appointment, is characterized by those either from French or English sources, but will be just political views and noble sentiments, by which derived im nediately fro:n the country' to which it its author was through life distinguished: is devoted, partly by means of written communica

"To yo'l, sir, and others :vho know me, I believe tions, and partly from the newspapers and other it is unnecessary for me to sivý, that when I accepted journals published there. the important trust commilied to my charge by my Both the editors, one of whom resides in the country, I give up every idea of personal gratifica United States of Ainerica, and the other in Gertion that I did not think was compatible with the many, will receive the assistance of certuin gentle. public good. Under this impression, I plainly men in America. By this connection, impartiality foresaw, that that part of my duty which obliged will be insured, and the latest intelligence receive me to nominate persons to offices; would, in many ed, as every ship which sails from the new world, instances, be the most irksome and unpleasing; for, either to England, Holland or Germany, will be however strong my personal attachment might be made use of to forward this correspondence. to any one, however desirous I might be of giving This Journal is intended to give an ide, list, of bim a proof of my friendship, and whatever might the government in all its branches; 2d, the ;f igrese be bis expectations, grounded upon the amity of agriculture; 31, state of society; in, wonders of which had subsisted between us, I was fully de nature and art, so far as these subjects are inieres termined to keep myself free from every engage ing abroad. ment that could embarrass me in discharging this The materials which we have already in our part of my administration. I bæve, therefore, hands commence with December 1817, and con. unifirinly declined giving any decisive answer to tinue from that time. Any thing previous does the numerous applications which liave been made not come within our plan--we go upon the supe to me, being resolved, that whenever I shall be position that it is already known; yet, if we ti.id called upon to nominate persons for those officesfit necessary we shall give explanatory notices, and which may be created, I will do it with a sole view she two first numbers will contain wiree letters og

Sur. To Vol. XVI,


the present constitution of the United States, writ., cha had been induced to suspend the execution ten by an American statesman.

of his orders, and had published a jilam, or judi. America shall appear in no other light but as it cial sentence, by which he had declared, that he actually exists. The representation shall be made could not recognize, according to the precepts of with simplicity, praise shall be divegferl of party the koran, any superiority in one Christian profesdeclamation, blame of batred, and both of the pre. sion over another, throughout the states of the judices of foreign governinents.

porte, and that he, therefore, restored personal and A FRONTIER SETTLER --The Clarksburg paper, religious liberty to the Catholics, and invited all wo after announcing the death of mujor DANIEL DAVIS. had Red for conscience sike, to return. This sen. sox, who died at his house at Clarksburg, Harrisontence had, it seems, been transmitted to ConsiantinoCounty, Virginia, in the 74th year of his age, thus ple, but no body dared to submit it to the eyes of the draws his character, which has in it many traits sultan; because it is in open contradiction with his common to the character of most of the frontier supreme decree. The number of Catholics at secilers:

Aleppo, against whom the persecution has been "The deceased was the proprietor and first set- raised, is about 12,000. tler of this town, in which he had lived for more DN KADFUL FANATICIS.M. An article in the foreign llian forty years, and during the early period of our journals from Bamberg, contains some curious acoccupares of this country, and which was so often counts of the effects of fanaticism. It mentions coniested by the aborigines in the most sanguinary that circumstantial details had been received conand eventful conflicts, he was a prominent and cerning the new sect lately formed in Saxony, and eficient actor, and, by his energy on those occa- which has led to a horrid assassination. The sect sions and his general industry and usefulness, he is established chiefly in the circles of L ipric and may be justly called one of the fathers of the coun. Misnia. It professes the most rigorous observatioa try. The loss of such a man naturally casts the of the doctrines of the old testament, but they re. mind back to the interesting portions of our history ject the new; they would destroy all who do not in which he lived and acted. The war of the revolu. follow their system, and they proclaim the regene. tion found him an inliabitant of this spot, which ration of mankind. They teach and practise a was granted to him by the state in right of settle mass of superstitious doctrines, and think it a ser

The commencement of that war was the vice acceptable to God to torment men, and lower signal for Lidian hostilities on all our western animals. Their chief leader is a taylor, named border; and in no section of it were they more Kloss, who has been for some time travelling about incessant than in the quarter where maj. D. resid. the country between Leipsic and the Elbe, promul. ed. To maj. Davisson, with our venerable deceased gating his dangerous doctrines. lle bas collec' el friend col." Lowther, and a few others wbo survive, numerous meetings in the open air, and afterwards the ancient settlers owe their existence. Year after preached in the villages, and made converts of year the ferocious savages made their sudden and great numbers to his fanaticism. This sect, perdesperate attacks--yet they were constantly driven haps, would not have so greatly fised the public back and discomfited; and so galling were their attention, if one of its partizans, Fischer de Beyers. feelings in consequence of these defeats, that, as dorff (a miller,) and his wife, had not, through the late as during the year 1794, when gen. Wayne influence of fanaticism, commitied a murder, acwas carrying his victorious army into their terri- companied by the most horrible circumstances.tory, giving identity and locality to their revenge, Kloss, the leader, had been instructing them for they penetrated 150 miles into the settlements, and several days. These people themselves were com. fell upon the inhabitants of this county, in order fortable, and bore a very good character. After that here, where they so often had been chastised, having passed some days in the open air, in prayer they might retaliate upon the authors of their to God upon their knees, and partaking of no nuo humiliation. Let no man scoff at the efforts of the triment, except a few roots, they thought them. 'savage backwoodsmen,' as they have been taunt. selves called upon to make a sacrifice. They had, ingly called by foreign hireling authors. These as they said, a call to bury some young children men met the Indian allies at the thresh-hold of our alive, but fortunately they were unable to execute country; had they been driven back, the interior this dreadful project. A man of the name of Fior would have become the frontier, until the whole came to the mill just at the time when Fischer and country would have been overrun and its popula- his wife were in the height of their superstitious tion exterminated.”

delirium. They looked upon him as a victim The city of Aleppo, the capital whose death would be acceplable to the Almighty. of Syria, las lately become the theatre of a very They therefore assassinated him in the most horri. violent religious persecution. The schismatic ble manner. They cut of his hands and his feet Greek bishop of that city (follower of the oriental and immediately afterwards fell to singing and riies) had obtained, through the medium of the praying. A miller boy, for whom they had repatriarch of Constantinople, an edict from the served the same fate, found his safety in flight: he gran seigsior, in virtue of which fourteen Catho made a declaration of what had occurred, and the lic priesis were exiled, and the united Greeks (Ca. miller and his wife were apprehended. They boast. tholics of :he Greek ritual) were commanded to ed, on their examination before the magistrate, of acknowledge the schismatić priests as their pas. what they had done, and alleged, that God had tora A great many of the Catholics refused obe. prescribed to them the extermination of all those dience to their order; the prisons were filled with who did not profess their doctrines, because such the refractory, and eleven innocent people were persons ought to be regarded as the children of assassinsied. Many of the richer individuals of the devil. Their doctrines appear to resemble the tribe fed into the mountains of Libanía, and considerably those of the famous Poeschel, which the whole, with a few exceptions, remained sted- were promulgated during the last year in Austria. fast, to their faith. The consuls of France and Information has been communicated that other faan! Austria interceded in vain: the pacha replied, natics of the sime sort are projecting new assassi. that he must es-cute the orders of his sovereign nations. As soon as this dreadful business was According, lowever, to ulterior accounts, the pa. koowa at Dresden, tie gurernment took measures


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