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officc-from this right they were excluded, and the not precedent to office. The law at first allowed causes of disqualification were of threc kinds: 1. The three months, then six months, and afterwards a combination of the Catholics. 2. The danger of a longer time to qualify; and we had an annual act of prentender. 3. The power of the pope. He, (Mr. indemnity, which did away the forfeiture altogether. Grattan) insisted, that not only all these causes had Many of the laws respecting those oaths were par. ceased, but the consequences annexed to them tially repealed, and some altogether: and of others were no more; even the oppositions founded upon it was doubtful which of them was in force. By the them were destroyed and annihilated. The Roman 20th of Charles II. no Roman Catholic could sit in Catholics did not, and could not, deny the power parliament without taking the prescribed oaths; and of parliament to disqualify; it had long exercised yet this very statute was one of those named in the the right of disqualification for the preservation of indemnity act, even of the present year. He was a its own purity-certain placemen and pensioners sincere friend of the church of England; but support. were disqualified, and fitly. But if the house de- ed the present motion, not only as innoxious, but privod Catholics of other privileges, there was one as calculated to place her un a firmer basis. with which it could not think of interfering, the Mr. Leslie Foster said, that he was quite asto. privilege of religion: that was not only the privi- nished by the speech of his honorable friend, who lege of the human creature, but the prerogative of had discovered among the secret acts of parliament, the people; there was no power on earth that ought that the Roman Catholics had been in possession of here to interpose; the king, who should interpose the privileges so much in dispute for more than a between the Creator and the creature, erected him. century. Roman Catholic, it seems, might be Isef into an authority greater than that of the Al- lord chancellor, or preside at the head of any of. mighty: he had, and could have, no credentials fice, and sit in parliament, although of this last his from man.

He had, and could have, no creden. honorable friend was less certain. He took leave, tials from God. Here it was that all men were, as a lawyer, to say, that he differed from him entire. and ought to be, equally free. Conscience could ly. He then proceeded to make a few observations no more be restrained than the wind; it was the on the merits of the question, in doing so he could wind of heaven, the breath of purity. The God not but refer, in the first place, to the feelings of of hosts and of armies had planted it in the breasts the majority of the people against the concession of of his beings, and the God of hosts and of armies the claims put forward by the Roman Catholics. At alone could touch or constrain it. Gentlemen were no time since 1807 were the feelings of both king. too far advanced in knowledge to doubt it; and, on doms so loudly expressed against the grant of new this account, the opponents of the Catholics said, privileges, or even the discussion of former demands. that it was not against the religion, but against cer. The petitions from Ireland against Catholic claims tain principles, of which they suppose the Roman were numerous, and respectably signed: and what. Catholic religion to be an evidence, that they direct. ever had been said of petitions with a different pray. ed their objections, and which laid the foundationer, he would still maintain, that the majority of the of the disqualifications. But he (Mr. G.) insisted Irish protestants were against concession. He did that the objectors could not believe their own asser- not mean to throw any reflection on those who peti. tions. If Catholics were faithless and perfidious, tioned in favor of their Romon Catholic brethren. why restore the house of Bourbon! Ifthe Catholic Ne admitted their numbers and respectability, but religion was so dangerous why unite to establish it it is not to be forgotten from what quarter the peti. abroad? Why were Catholics to be supported in tions principally came, namely, from the south and France and Italy, and repressed in Ireland? Ile west of Ireland, were the Roman Catholic popularespected the church of England for its mild and tion greatly predominated, where the protestants benevolent principles, and much regretted that its were few and in the power of the Catholics, and clergy sirould interfere against their Catholic bre. where their motives in petitioning, therefore, could thren, instead of m:king a common cause in favor of be easily appreciated. On the other hand the petiChristianity, and against scepticism and infidelity. tions against Roman Catholics were sent up from It was said, that the Catholic religion was unfriendl. great bodies of men in the north of the island. It ly to civil liberty: let those who thought so look at was to the north that we were to look for the feeling Magna Charta, and see whose signatures were affis- of the Irish protestants, and for the most enlightened to it; among them were two families whose de. ed opinion on the question before the house. To scendante now petitioned for their ancient rights, this valuable and intelligent portion of the populaIt was said, that Catholics would persecute the pro. ti n he would refer; and found on the table petitions testante, and yet it appeared that in the British popu- from Monaghan, signed by 20,000 individuals; from Jation the former were as six to one. The right Antrim, signed by 19,000; from Fermanagh, signed honorable gentlemen went over a variety of other by 9000, and from other districts or counties, with objections, and concluded a long and eloquent specch numerous signatures, praying that the claims of the by moving the appointment of a committee of the Roman Catholics might not be acceded to.--(Hear.) whole house, to consider the state of the laws rela. A second objection which he had to the motion of tire to RomanCatholics, and to report how far it may the right honorable gentleman arose from the conbe expedient to alter and amend them.

duct and feelings of the Catholics themselves. It Mr. Croker apologized for speaking so early in would be recollected, that the petitions for conces. the debate; but the part he had taken in bringing sion were all silent on the subject of safe-guards or forward an act last session, to empower Catholics to securities. Nobody could feel greater respect than hold rank in the army and navy, had brought the he (Mr. Foster) for those who brought forward the subject particularly inder his notice. He did not bill in 1813, granting the Catholics political privi. conceive, that granting their present claims would leges on certain conditions of security. They did confer on them any thing more than they were en. all they conld to protect us from anticipated dangeri titled to by the law of the land; and he knew no law but he was free to say, that their proposals gave no to prevent a Roman Chatholic from being a privy satisfaction to a single protestant that he ever saw, councellor, or even a lord chancellor. it is true, nor to the Roman Catholic clergy themsclves. The that certain oaths are enjoined, and there are about latter declared, in an unanimous synod, that they 3 50 acts of parliamentenjoining them; but they were could not concurin the proposed arrangement, with


ont incurring the guilt of schism,and that they would Important Economy. suoner die than submit to it—(Hear, hear.) What then would have been the eonsequence of passing this bill by which the legislature would have alarm and our readers generally, to the following observa

We invite the attention of our country readers, ed the protestants by concession, and inflicted mar- tions on the subject of makind pot and pearl ashes, tyrdom on the Irish Roman Catholic bishops, by de.

communicated by Mr. Neave. We do this with the manding securities? If the right honorable gentle more earnestness, because we presume that few, man could now come forward with proposals more satisfactory, let him declare them to the house; but comparatively, are aware of the immense revenue

to be derived from a source which is entirely nelet hiin not ask for a committee in which he had no definite propositions to make,

and which might agi. Elected in the clearing of new lands. tate the country with vague hopes or alarms, with instructions for the manufacture of pot and pearl

Friend Cook & Co.-By publishing the inclosed out leading to any certain result. These were grounds on which he should oppose the motion ash, and making suitable editorial comments, you He thought that the house might as well thrust a extensive export trade; and if the

publishers of al

may be the means of laying the foundation for an burning torch into a barrel of gunpowder, and ca manacks would copy it into those for the next year, pect tranquility, as enter into

a committee to discuss information would be more generally diffused. projects for securing the affections of the Roman

The farmers and settlers on new lands in the state Catholic clergy, if additional means were granted of New-York, ar: enabled to pay for them, in a them of injuring our establishments. As an Irishtan, he would not consider the question as it re. gaeat degree, from this additional industry; and nogarded the whole of the empire, but as it was limited thing but calling

the attention universally, by every to Ireland. Suppose three-fourths of the members nezcspaper, in those new states, to the present waste

of ashes, and loss of coinmerce, can have prevented of parliament, of the grand jurors of counties, and considerable exportation before this time to Euof the magistrates, were to be Roman Catholics, rope, via New Orleans: furnishing another great do. which was the proportion which that class bore tomestic manufacture, for payment of foreign luxuries the protestants after gaining so much influence; I have a variety of samples furnished from News would they not demand exclusive power? Would York, which can be seen. not the ecclesiastical part of their community claim

Respectfully, their share of privilege, and demand the establishi.

JEREMIAH NEAVE. ments now in the hands of the protestants? He did not know, indeed if, in such circumstances, exclusion from the emoluments of the church could be de. A calculation for making pot and pearl ashes. fended. But it might be said that, connected with J'wenty-five cwt. of clean black salts will make the British empire, the Catholics of Ireland compos- one ton of pearl ash; but if wet or dirty, it will red, ed only a sixth of it. Would they nut, in that case, quire from 25 to 30 cwt. 700 bushels of field ashes, then, desire a separation form Great Britian, as the which make one ton of pearl ash. Five hundred means of securing their ascendancy? He apprehend- bushels of house ashes, or 650 bushels of field ashes, ed then, two dancers from the grant of the present if clean, and burnt from green timber, will make one claims; the one, the overthrow of the Irish protes. ton o pot ash. The sooner the ashes are worked tant church; and the other the separation of Ireland after they are burnt, the more pot ash can be got from the empire.

from them; and by putting three or four inches of Lord Normanby, Mr. Becher, Sir R. Wilson then slacked lime in the bottom of your leaches, you will spoke in faror of the motion, and Mr. Brownlow find that the pot ash will meli much easier; and by and lord Lowther against it.

putting the pan in the bottom of the kettle in which

you are boiling the ley, you will catch the neutral Amidst a general cry of question, Mr. Plurket and salts that first settle for three or four hours: it will Mr. Peel rose at the same time, but during a pause, be well to put them among the black salts for pearl resulting from each wishing to give precebeiice to ash, as they will, if left in the kettle, not only make the other, lhe question was put, and the speaker de. the pot ash melt haral, but will have a tendency to termined that the snoes had it.' As the above gen- make it pass for second quality, tlemen, however, were still desirous of delivering “I shall now proceed as briefly as circumstances their sentiments, a long discussion arose, whether and my little spare time will admit, to gratify your they could be heard or not. It was at length decided, request, by recommending the preceding mode 10 that the negative vote having been given, no mem- be pursued by your friend (to which I have added ber could afterwards speak to the question, and that some few observations and remarks,) viz:the observations to the order of the house could be In the first place, it is highly necessary for every delivered only in the way of advices to the speaker, manufacturer of pot ash, to be extremely careful and by the members sitting and covered. A division cautious in the purchase of his raw ashes that he then took place, when the numbers appeared to be may avoid imposition, by the purchasing of ashes for the committee, 242-against 248. On declaring that are burnt from dead, or dead rotten wood; as these numbers at the table, Mr. Croker, one of the well as such as already have been leached by the tellers, stated that it was his duty to report to the vender, who, for the sake of gain, as well as decep. house, that during the discussion which had taken tion, lias caused them, after being spent and takin place on the point of order, some members had en- out of his leach, to be burnt over again on his fire, tered the house who were not present when the and mix then again with fresh and new ashes, as ofquestion was put, and whose votes must, therefore, tenis the case. The evil resulting from the latter, is be disallowed, and accordingly it was decided, that not only in the cost and labor in handling them, but the names of lords Worcester and Rocksavage, Mr. the disappointment in the expected quantity of pot Banks, Mr. Ure, and general Porter, should be ashes espected to be obtained from them, as would struck off from the noes and that of lordForbes from be'afforded from the same number of bushels of the ayes. The state of the numbers then was, 241 good raw ashes. The two former kind of raw ashes for the committee-against it 243-majority 2. not only strongly partake of the same evils, but ano.

ther, if possible, a thousand times worse, (unless which it assists in the filtering: after which, he conmanufactured by the skilful hand and in the way tinues putting in and packing his ashes, as before dihereinafter most particularly pointed out,) they rected, until the leach is sufficiently full to receive having been burnt from dead, and dead rotten the necessary quantity of water. That being patin, wood, possess none of the real alkaline substances, it will be three or four days in coming through, of but of the sulphuratic only. The only and best which time of coming he will know by examining ways I know of to detect them, are by rubbing them the spile--and when it does come, he has a tub or a between the thumband fore finger, and by the taste. receiver for it to run in-(in large factories it is iinGood strong and well burnt ashes when rubbed be- mediately led into the ketties, and boiled down to tween the fore finger and thumb, will feel coarse salts) from which they are taken out, put in the and gritty, not unlike fine sand, and when tasted, kettles, and boiled down to what is called black though sharp on the tongue, leave no foul flavor: salts; and when a sufficient quantity of thein are while the former (bad ashes) have a soft and greasy made, they are again put into the kettles, commenc. feeling, and when tasted, will leave a fætid sulphu- ing with a slow fire, which is increased in heat. On ratic scent and taste behind: to eradicate whicla foul increasing the fire, the salts will begin to melt substance from pure leys, and avoid hard melts and down, (as it is called) and boil not unlike mush, the spliting of the kettles, which too often is the re. until all the watery substance is evaporated. As sult, and injurious, if not ruinous to the manufac. soon as this is the case, they avill stop fluttering, (as ture, I recommend your friend to pursue the direc. it is called) and settle down, (prior to which he has tions (at the same time not to lose sight of what ! 2, 3, or 4 iron pots well heated and ready,) when be have stated in regard to the test of the raw aslıes) instantly commences dipping them out with a ladle, that hereafter follows, viz:

made for that purpose, which must also be made hot The first is, to procure good sound kettles, and before he commences: and as he has dipped out one have them set as is usual-procure his leaches, cooler full, it is proper to let his fire slack, proporwhich (square or round) must be made of good tionate to what he has taken out, otherwise the resi. round white pine or wbite ash staves and heading, due has one third more force of fire than is proper or sufficiently large to contain from 4 to 450 bushels necessary; and in like manner, after he has dipped of ashes. The staves and heads from two to out the 2, 3, to the 4th cooler full, by which his pot two and a half inches thick, to be well hooped ashes will be nearly of one color, as well as one and braced, of sufficient width, so as the spent quality: whereas, a contrary course, and keeping the ashes may be with the more ease lifted out of them fire up, as at first of their melting, they will not only -the mouth part rather the widest-the bottoms to differ in color from one kettle, but very materially have two bations or pieces put under them as a sup- in quality, as the over proportion of fire destroys its port; the thickness of the depth of the chimes-the virtue as well as its weight. When sufficiently cool. platform on which they are intended to stand, to be ed in the coolers, they are turned bottom up, on a sufficiently wide, tight, strong and well supported, stick or sticks of wood, when the asbes will leave to bear the weight of them and their contents; these the kettle. After which, it is broken, and immediately must descend from rear to front about 2 to 2 1.2 in- put in good, strong and tight barrels, headed np. ches, on which he places pieces of joists, which are in setting the leaches the second time, the lower so fixed that, when the leaches are placed on thi.m, layer of lime is not to be disturbed-all it wants is the tops or upper ends are on a level. The leach- some new lime to cover the old.” es being placed thereon, he causes to be placed in each of them what is commonly called false bottoms, made of strips of plank to the width of 2 to 2 1.2 in.

Interesting Tour. ehes, and the length so as to reach the width of the FROM POULSON'S AMERICAS DAILY ADVERTISER. Icaches--which strips he either lays or nails across As the season is at band when many of our feilow each other threc or four thicknesses, and about 1 to citizens usually take a journey, either for recrea. 14 inches apart, (if nailed, the less trouble in fixing tioa or for health, perlais, if the wiywardness of tiem at other settings,) which done and placed on the tires has left any who can afford it, the follow. the bottom of the leach, he then lays a good layer, ing hasty outline of one of the most interesting as it is called, of good straw, say three or four in- lours that can be madde, viz:-fron Philadelphia ches in thickness, and then damped; on which he to Quebec, (and back] via Alvany and the falls of lays a layer of good, fresh, slacked stone lime, three Niagara, to such it may be accentubie. or four inches thick, which must be trod down well, From this city to Albany, the journey is delight. keeping that part next the sides of the leaches the ful, and may be accomplished in lille more than highest, and packed as tight as possible against its two days. Good siages start from Albany for sides; doing which prevents the spurious matter Lewistown every day in the week. The horses are airl substances from passing through with the ley, excellent, and travel with great rapidity. The as they pass much the freest down by the sides, ro'd in some places hilly and rough, but generally than the centre of the leaches-therefore, by pack-speaking good, particularly that called the Ridge. ing the lime, the highest and tightest against the road, which extends from the Gennessee to the sides, turns'all towards the centre, and prevents the Niagara river. The accommodations at some of bad matter from passing through, and leaves the the public houses, are such as may naturally be ley pure and clean - after which layer of lime, he expecteil in a new country. And fxr which every then puts in his ashes and packs them down tight, allowance must be made. Milk, in all its purity; as he fills in-for the tighter and closer they are however, can be procured every where on the packed the better. The ley will be longer in com- road; and if the traveller were to take with him ing, though when it comes, it will not only be pu- from Albany or Utica, some fresh crackers, (as the rer but stronger, from which, with propercaution in bread most frequently is very inferior in quality) keeping his works clean, he cannot help making he would fare very well. After travelling 5 days, first quality until he gets them half full; when he over a distance of $20 miles, you reach Lewistown, may lay another layer of straw, about half the much fatigued, and on your arrival feel no extraor. thickness of the first, on which he puts another layer dinary partiality for siage travelling. But if not of lime about half the thickness of the first; and disposed to undergo so much fatigue, you can bend

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your course from Utica to Sackett's harbor, be- distance in 17 hours. The fortifications at the latter tween which place and Lewistown, a steam-boat place, are, in point of strength, equalled by few is continually plying; much, however, calculated to military posts in the world; the falls of Montmorency produce the highest gratification, would be lost also deserve attention. by such an arrangement. The ride along the

In returning, the route by the way of Boston may banks of the Mohawk to Utica, brings to view some be taken; between which place and Montreal, a of the most beautiful and some of the wildest and line of stages is established; or that of the stage to most romantic scenery. The Oneida nation of 11. St. John's on the river Sorel-thence in one of the dians the gypsum quarries at Cayuga; the bridge best steam-boats, in every point of view, in the across that lake, more than a mile in length; the world, up lake Champlain to Shoreham, in Vernoble and picturesque falls of the Gennessee river, mont, nearly opposite the old fort Ticonderoga, at near Rochester-the wonderful bridge just com- the outlet of lake George-ihence by a small sieanpleted over that river-the Ridge-road, composed boat to Caldwell, where a carriage may be obtained of sand, gravel and marine shells, and extending to go by the way of Saratoga and Balston to a distance of eighty miles, through a marsliy soil Albany. 'Isle aux Nois (one of the strong holds -the wilderness, which continues for about 10 of Lower Canada) 12 miles from St. John's Lacole miles, &c. would none of them be seen. Some per mill--Chasey-the scene of M’Donough's victory sons at Canandiagua, take the stage to Buffulo, but in sight of Plattsburg, 24 miles from the lines, and the other route is considered preferable.

36 from St. John's) between Crab Island and Cum. There is but one public house immediately in berland head-Burlington, Vermont, 50 miles from the neighborhood of the Falls, which is Forsyth's, the lines the green mountains, the Wilsborough and of this many complaints are justly made.- mountains, &c. are passed in the journey from št. About three quarters of a mile from there, a most John's to Shoreham. The upper falls of the outlet excellent house is kept, by an obliging Scotsman, of lake George as well as the mills erected there, of the name of M'Clive, who wants nothing but and Glenn's falls, on the road to Saratoga, are worthy encouragement, to give perfect satisfaction to his

of observation. guests.

The following distances are not pretended to be Here there are many objects of curiosity: a burn. ing spring, a short distance above the falls--the perfectly accurate, baving been principally derived wbirlpool, and the Devil's den, a few

miles below from passengers, inn-keepers &c. but sufficiently so -Queenstown heights, rendered memorable by the for the general purposes of a traveller. Having death of gen. Brock-The Tuscarora nation of In- experienced the want of something of the kind, dians, (in whom the excellent effects of civiliza. myself, I have taken the trouble of giving this tion are strikingly exemplified)-Lundy's lane-dry detail with a hope that it might be useful to B.idgewater-fort Niagara--fort George, &c. - others. The British steam boat Frontenac, which is very | Distance from Philadelphia[Ridgeway 13 large and commodious, is constantly passing be. to the falls. Hartland

11 tween fort George and Kingston, by the way of


12 York; Sir James Yeo's fleet, including his 110 gun New York 100 Lewistown 15 ship, &c. are laid up at Kingston-commodore Albany

Falls of Niagara

7 Chauncey's at Sacketi's harbor. A small steam.


58 boat also plies between Kingston and Prescott, Schenectady 16 where it is exchanged for the Canadian boats, or Amsterdam 15

593 what are called stage-boats, resembling our Dur. | l'ripe's hill 6 From the fulls to Que. bam-boais, for the purpose of descending the St. Caughaway 5

bec. Lawrence, and its rapids, to La Chine.-Those who Paletine

12 are not disposed to descend the rapids, may bie Paletine,

6 Lewistown

7 accommodated by a stage, which runs along the St. Johnsville

Fort George 7 banks of the river.--Accidents seldom, or perbaps Manhelm

3 York

33 never occur, where the steersman and his men Little falls

7 Kingston 170 understand their business, which is almost uni. Herkimer

7 Prescott

70 versally the case. Persons who have never seen Utica

15 La Chine

130 rough water, nor heard the roar of the billow, of

96 Montreal

9 course feel some alarm; but such as have crossed Vernon

46 Quebec

170 the Atlantic, appear to enjoy the tumult that sur-Lennox


-596 rounds the:n. La Chine, (so called from the cir. Chetiningo 5 cumstance of a party having started from that place Manlius


1189 during the time that Canada belonged to France, Jainesville

From Quebec to Philadelfor the purpose of discovering a western passage Onondaga.

phia. to Cbilia,) is situated on the Island of Montreal. Skaneatelis 16 There is a mountain of considerable elevation on

-76 Montreal

170 this Island, about 3 miles from the city. On the Auburn

7 Si. John's

27 opposite side of the St. Lawrence, in sight of La Canandiagua 37

Shoreham 150 Chine, there is a regularly built town, belonging

-44 Ticonderoga, to the Cochnewago Iudians. Montreal contains a Victor


(village) population of about 24,000 souls. Its cathedrals Pittsford

11 Caldwell

35 -iis nunneries--ils tin-roofed houses, retecting Rochester

9 Albany

61 the rays of the sun, rather unpleasantly to the eye Palma

11 New-York 160 its narrow and crouked streets, &c. will attract Murray

7 Philadelphia the attention of a Piladelphian as novellies. From Gaines

11 this place to Quebec, this noble river rolls through


Miles -706 a succession of villages, and steam-boats, with And this journey can be performed in one month excellent accommodations, are constantly plying without any extraordinary haste. between tbem, and soinetimes pass over the whole







Banks of Kentucky.

useventing the timous Sacrifices of credit, of for.

tune and of business. The following proceedings at Frankfori caused a great stir in Kentuckybue, in general, the principles tributed to bring on and aggravate the present

5th. That the banks have in a great degree conattempted to be established were rejected by the pewe distress, by conducing to extravagant importation ple of that state. But we have added only an ac and consumption of foreign luxuries, and encou. count of the meeting that was held at Washington, in Mason county, to shew the spirit opposed means--by collecting specie in large quantities,

raging extravagant speculations by furnishing the to the paper system.

dealing in credit, money and exchange; giving FRANKFORT, (Ky.) May 14, 1819. their own paper as a circulating medium at home, At a numerous public meeting of the citizens of they have made specie more accessible to export.

Franklin county, held on yesterday, in pursuance ers and foreign dealers in money, by affording spe. of notice, at the churcb, in Frankfort, to take cie

. for, and in other respects aiding the purposes into consideration the present state of the coun of foreign money dealers; substituting paper as try, and devise means to avert impending dis. money at home, they have placed themselves in a tresses, Jacob Creath was appointed chairman, situation to be pressed for specie as an article of and Jacob Swigert, secretary. After addresses foreign commerce; those nearest the seabaord, to the people, by Messrs. Adams, Bibb, Pope, pressed by the demands of specie for exportation, and Hardin, the following resolutions were adopt. press more remote to supply the deficiency made ed by an overwhelming majority.

by exportation. The bune of the United Staies, Resolved, That the present scarcity of money, the great dealer in foreign exchange and com. the pressure by the banks upon those indebted to merce, by itself and iis branches, bas opened a them, the pressure by creditors for their debts by sluice by which the specie of the western country suits and executions; the difficulty of raising very lows into the general current from the seaboard moderate sums of money, even by enormous sacri- to the East India and other foreign markets; being fices of property, the heavy usury demanded for first pressed for specie for foreign purposes, ia the use of money beyond what any useful employ. its turn it presses the state banks; a great and ra. ment and ordinary profit of regular business will pid reduction of the discounts and notes in circu. justify the borrower in contracting to give, the gelation becomes necessary, proportioned to the loss neral embarrassment which seems to 'enoircle the of specie, and far exceeding in amount the quan. commercial world, which is recoiling on the agri.tity taken off, whereby the banks press upon the cultural and mechanical classes, producing a smal. people. ler employment in the useful, industrious and sober 6th. That by this action and reaction, a sudden callings, increasing the want of confidence between reduction of bank paper and money has been pro. traders and dealers, employers and employed, is a duced, not having enough to pay discounts and public calamity which we acknowledge and deplore, exchange, and answer the necessary purposes of as hastening to a general suspension of payments, internal commerce and business, so that now, probusiness and employment, and utterly desiructive perty is no longer convertible into money. of social order and happiness.

71h. That as the banks have been so instrumen. 2ndly. That these causes combined, threaten total in bringing on tbis distressing state of things, bring suddenly into market, at forced sales, at public that the people bave a claim upon the banks to auction, under execution, and at private sale, a very bear their share of the burthen, that they shall not large portion of the most valuable property of the retire within their shells to view the ruin them. country, as well the products of our soil

and industry selves are not wholly innocent of; but should afford exported abroad, as of real and personal property at the means to stay the pressing demands until time, home; that the many sales and few bidders without frugality and industry can discharge the debt by competition, must shift a very large portion of the instalment. most valuable property of the country from the many

8th. That the banks ought immediately to susto the few, at the most depreciaied prices and pend their payments of specie, suspend their calls, ruinous sacrifices, entailing poverty and wretched and make moderate issues of paper upon good se ness upon the household, where industry and ho curity, !o answer the most pressing demands, unul nest acquirements once maintained, in peace and the legislative authority can take the situation of domestic comfort, the husband, wife, children, rethe country into consideration. latives; journeyman, apprentice, master and ser

9th. That the present alarming and general yant, employer and employed, leaving a heart-bro- pressure deserve the serious and quick interposjken dispirited population, or a desolated country. ion of the legislature, in such way as the wisdom 3d. That in time of such general calamity and

and intelligence of the state may devise. dearth of money, neither that even-handed public deration of the people and of the legislature, it is

101h. That among other measures for the consie justice, which is always due, and never to be over Idoked, as between creditor and debtor, nor that hu. proposed that the amount of paper to be issued by mane and liberal policy which a government owes in specie, shall be regulated by law, not io be es.

the banks during the suspension of their payments to its citizens, nor that self preservation which ceeded, under penalty of forfeiting their charters society owes to itself, requires or ought to permit prescribing also, the kind of security which indisuch ruin and devastation, if a discreet, peaceable viduals shall give to the banks, and which the remedy can be applied, whereby the just rights of banks shall give to the commounity, so as to guard all may be secured and ultimately satisfied, and the general welfare promoted by a merciful for. against the excessive issue of paper, secure iis ulbearance and prudent circumspection and forecast. Use banks, it they should chouse so to do, under

timate redemption without depreciation, and leave 4th. That as the banks are the great money these conditions, to make such an emission of paholders, as well as great creditors, they can also per as shall be necessary and proper, (not esceed. be great and efficient instruments in alleviating ing the limit) to save the country from impending the present distress, and mainly contributory in catastrophe.

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