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efforts made to unloosen it, when it reached the The Independent banks of this state are in a sad water dragged side ways after the vessel, and final condition. Several refuse to make any sort of pay. ly precipitated all hands into the sea. A scene of ments, except to give little notes for big ones, or confusion ensued—we had no boat to put off' to vice versa. The bills of very few of them could be their relief, and by this time were along side of the sold at Baltimore for less than fifty per cent dis. chase, which seeing the accident, lowered down count, if sold at all. her boat and rescued the persons from drowning. Excellent! On Saturday the 31st ult, the citi. She proved to be a Newfoundland vessel, laden zens of Jefferson county, Ky. assembled at the difwitii fish, prize to a Baltimore privateer. The ferent election precincts, for the third time,) prize master was ordered to come on board with agreeable to public notice, to take the voice of the his papers. lle was a tall, thin, weather-beaten county, upon the expediency of a supension of spe. looking inan from Nantucket, who foreseeing what cie payments by the bank of Kentucky and its might happen, had dressed himself in his best suit branches; and on taking a vote, it was found that of cities, and carried the residue of his wardrobe about three to one were opposed to the suspension. in a pocket bandkerchief. He presented a copy Tennessee. A letter from a gentleman at Nashof the commission of the privateer, and his instruc- ville states, that the stockholders of the Nashville tions. “When did you part with the privateer,” bank met on the 31st ult. and requested the presi. said the captain—"About ten days," replicd the dent and directors to surrender the charter and prize master, "and she is not far off now." "I wind up the business of that institution. should like to fall in with her," replied capt. Wal Ohio. Of twenty-five banks in the state of Ohio, ler-"You had better not,” said the prize master, the Western Herald informs as, there are at present with admirable sang froid, "she'll flog you in no but six or seven which redeemn their paper with time.” The captain somewhat nettled, inquired specie. what force she was. “Why she mounts 12 guns, Farmers and Mechanics bank of Cincinnati. This and one hundred and sixty men, and she'd board bank, it is believed, was greatly indebted to the you in a moment," said the frank seaman.' V. States, previous to receiving the public deposits

We should have been pleased to learn how the since then, to support its credit, it was allowed British used the crew of their prize, so promptly act. a permanent deposit of $100,000. Are we to lose ing to save the lives of their people.

the whole, for the benefit of the rag-barons? But

no cost can be too great, if modern banking is de: Banks and Banking.

stroyed by it.

SALES OF BANK XOTES! U.S. bank stockfrom 94 to 95, very few sales.

Course of exchange," at Baltimore. City bank of The bank of the United States has given notice, Baltimore 12} dis. all the rest par--specie at a very that after the 1st of Nov. next, it will not hold itself small advance, if at any. New Hampshire, Massaresponsible upon any of its notes, which shall be chusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticui, generally, voluntarily cut into parts, except ou the production from 2 to 6 per cent. dis. Boston 1 to 2 do. New York, of all the parts.”

city notes, except Barker's, par-country banks Office of bank U. S. at Savannah. We have heard various, from 1 to 8, according to their repute in a good deal of buzzing about some proceedings at the city. New Jersey, Camden, par; other specie this branclı, but have not understood the nature paying,” from 1 to 2 dis. Trenton (state bank) no ot'them, except that there was some new botheration sales. Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, par to ad.

Rag against rag! From an Indiana paper we country notes various, from 1 to 60 per cent. dis. learn that some person named Bigelow, who has a the specie.paying banks, generally from 1 to 5. bank at Jeffersonville, pays his own notes with Delaware. Spécie-paying banks, 1 dis. the rest, & those of some other man called Piatt. What does to 50. Maryland, country notes—Annapolis, FrePiatt do with his notes?

derick co. bank and Havre de Grace, par; other New Jersey. It is denied that the state bank at specie paying banks 3 to 6; Caroline 12, Snow Hill Trenton has stopped payment, as was reported.

about 30 or 40; Elkton, ditto; Sorrersett, about Pennylvania. The bank of Reading has stopped ninety nine! Dist. of Columbia, generally 1; Mecha. payment. This event is said to have been brought nics bank of Alexandria 20 to 25; Franklin bank of about by a well-intended effort of the bank to raise ditto 60. 'Virginia, Old banks, 14 to 2; bank of the its paper to par at Philadelphia, by a specie depo- Valley 24 to 3; unchartered, various-74 to 25. sit in one of the banks of that city; but that the North Carolina, generally, 20 to 25, nominal. South directors of the city bank, instantly whetting their Carolina, do. 8 to 10; Georgia, do 7 to 8; Kentucky yazors, commenced shaving the Reading notes and and Tennessee, old banks, 15 nominal; new ones 20 soon exhausted the deposit. Very honorable bank to 25, do. Ohio, the best, 10, generally 15 to 20; directors!—but the thing was “as well as could many at 40 to 50. Louisiana, no demand. Indiana, be expected.” The Northampron bank has also Illinois and Missouri, various-15 to 60. Such are stopped. The North Western bank is said to be in the brokers' rates. the same situation.

Richmond. We have reason to believe that the number of failures reported to have taken place in

National Interests. this city, was greatly exaggerated.

Address of the Philadelphia society for the promotion of KENTUCKY, Bankruptcy recommended! - At domestic industry, to the citizens of the Uniterl States. meeting of the citizens of Bullitt county, held on

PREFACE. the 22d ult. it was resolved, with only two dissenting In presenting to our fellow citizens these addres. voices, that:

ses, collected together, we cannot refrain from ex“It is confidently believed that the suspension of pressing our high sense of the favorable reception specie payments by the bank of Kentucky and its they have experieaced. The various defects of branches, will tend 80 ameliorate (in a considerable style and arrangement, which pervade them, have degree ) the embarrassments by which the people are been overlooked, in consideration of the magniat present circumvented; a suspension is therefore tude of the subject they embrace. recommended.”

We feel persuaded that the cause we advocate

2

yields to none in importance. It is a great error is it wonderful that distress and embarrassment per. to suppose, as unhappily is too frequently done, vade the nation—that the enlivening sound of the that it is the cause of the manufacturers alone. spindle, the loom, and the hammer has, in many Nothing can be more foreign from the real fact. It places, almost ceased to be heard that our mer. is the cause of the nation. It is the mighty ques- chants and traders are daily swept away by banktion, whether we shall be really or nominally inde. ruptcy, one after another; that our banks are drainpendent-whether we shall persevere in a policy, ed of their specie; that our cities exhibit an unvarywhich in three or four years has done more to pros- ing scene of gloom and despair--that confidence trate our strength and resources than a fierce war between man and man is almost extinct; that debts of equal duration could have done-a policy similar cannot in general be collected: that property can. to that which has sunk and degraded Spain for cen. not be sold but at enormous sacrifices; that capitaturies, notwithstanding her immense internal and lists have thus an opportunity of aggrandizing themcolonial resources-a policy which has never failed selves at the expense of the middle class, to an into debilitate and impoverish every country where calculable extent; that money cannot be borrowed it has prevæled or may prevail-a policy discarded but at extravagant interest; in a word, that with ad. by every wise nation in Europe -a policy in direct vantages equal to any that Heaven has ever bestow. hostility with that of England, Russia, Prussia, Aus-ed on any nation, we exhibit a state of things at tria, France, Holland and Denmark* .-a policy, in which our enemies must rejoice, and our friends a word, that fosters and promotes the wealth, pow. put on sackcloth and ashes! er, resources, industry and manufactures of foreign We trust the day is not far distant, when we shall nations, and sacrifices those of our own country. look back with as much astonishment at this lamen

If there be any one truth in political economy | table folly, as we now do at the folly and wickedmore sacred and irrefragable than another, it is that ness of our ancestors in hanging and burning witchthe prosperity of nations bears an exact proportion es. The folly in both cases is about equal. Theirs, to the encouragement of their domestic industry-however, was limited to a narrow sphere, beyond and that their decay and decrepitude commence which it was perfectly innocuous. But ours extends and proceed with thicir neglect of it. The wonder. its baleful induence to the remotest extremities of ful resources of England, so far beyond her intrin- the nation. sic advantages, and the prostrate state of Spain We are gravely tol., hy writers on whom great and Portugal, place these great truths on the most reliance is unfortunately placed, that our circum. impregnable ground,

stances, as a nation, being materially different from We pursue a wayward and short sighted policy, those of other nations, we require a totally differ. of which the world affords few examples, and which ent policy; and that however proper or necessary erinces low little we have profitted by the experi- it may be for England or France to encourage maence of other nations--and how much we neglect snufactures, sound policy dictates a different course the maxims of the wise statesmen of Europe and of for the United States. our own country.

These positions are the reverse of truth, and so With a capacity for raising cotton to supply the far as they have had influence, have proved highly whole world, our treasures are lavished in Hindos- pernicious. We are, on the contrary, more impe. ton to purchase cotton of inferior quality, which is riously called on to encourage manufactures than now manufactured in the United States, to the in- most other nations, unless we are disposed wanton. jury of our cotton planters. And with skill, talents, ly to sacrifice the interests of a most important and water power, capital and machinery to supply our ut- numerous portion of our population, those farmers most demand for cambrics and muslins, millions of and planters who are remote from the seaboard. money are in a similar manner lavished in Hindos- We request a patient hearing while we offer our ion and England to procure those articles; while reasons. tens of thousands of our own citizens, capable of fur In a compact country, like England, where in. nishing them, are pining in indigence, their employ- land navigation is carried on to such a wonderful ers ruined, and machinery that cost millions of dol- extent, there are few parts of the territory that are lars, rusting and rotting; and while hundreds of vot within one or two days carriage of the scaboard; manufacturers, invited to our shores by the excel and consequently their productions can be translence of our form of government, are unable to earn ported to foreign markets at a moderate expense. a subsistence at their usual trades, and are forced Whereas a large portion of our agricultural citizens to go to Canuda or Nova Scotia, or to return to Eu- are from 300 to 1,000 miles distant from any sea. rope. Above fifty sailed from hence in one vessel port; and therefore almost wholly debarred from all a few days since!!!

foreign markets, especially at the present and proThis destructive policy is about to receive a con- bable future prices. siderable extension, to the injury of our farmers. Flour has been forwarded to the Philadelphia Wheat, we are informed, can be sold in our ports market from Pittsburg, at a freight of four dollars from Odessa, at 75 cents, or less, per bushel and per barrel. Some of it was probably brought to we are assured that immense quantities of it will Pittsburg, 50 to 150 miles, at considerable expense. be imported. Thus this unhappy nation, by a mi- Deduct the expenses, and the profits of the Pitts. serable and mistaken policy, is doomed to bleed at burg merchants, from six or seven dollars, and in every pore.

what a lamentable situation it places the farmers Under the influence of such a wretched system how miserable a remuneration has he for his labor

; -and "how dear he pays for his whistle," in buying *We have already given a view of the political his goods cheap in Hindoston, and depending on economy of England, Russia and Prussia, so far as European markets for the sale of his production! respects the encouragement of manufactures. We The folly of this system is so extravagant that it shall shortly submit a view of that of the other na- requires a little further notice. A farmer in the tions,

neighborhood of Pittsburg, sends bis produce to Wheat has been recently slipped at Odessa that city, whence it is conveyed to Philadelphia, averaging 37 cents per bushel, and it has been sold 300 miles, by land-or to New Orleans, 2000 miles, For less. Editor Aurora,

I by water. It is thence conveyed four thousand

sviles to Liverpool, from whence he receives his test of examination. It is not wonderful that the china, his delfiware, and his pottery. From the nations of Europe, exhausted by a twenty years amount of his four, as sold in England, all the ex. war-pillaged and plundered by hostile armiesyenscs of transportation are to be deducted and with expensive governments and immense armies to the price of his china and other articles, the ex- to support in time of peacemand groaning under prenses of the return voyage are to be added. What the weight of enormous debts and grinding tax. a frigltful view of the situation of a large portion of ation, should be in a state of suffering. But there the people of the western country does this exhi- is no parallel between their situation and ours. Our vit! 'It is difficult to account for the prostrate state short war, so far from exhausting our resources, of affairs in that part of the union, and under a go-developed them. We retired from it prosperous vernment which, emanating more completely from and glorions. Our fields are as fertile-our citi. the mass of the people than any other that ever zens as industrious and ingenious; our capacity for existed, might have been expected to have ex. manufacturing as great as ever--and our taxes are tended a more paternal care over its citizens than comparatively insignificant. Our distresses cannot the world ever witnessed!

therefore be traced to the same source as theirs. It is therefore indubitable, that to the reasonsfor They flow wholly from our own mistaken policy, encouraging manufactures, which exist in England which leads us to purchase abroad what we could and France, all of which apply here, is to be added produce at home—and like thoughtless prodigals and a powerful one peculiar to the United States, aris. spendthrifts, to incur debts beyond our utmost ing from the distance between so large a portion of ineans of payment. its territory and any seaport towns, as well as the The restoration of peace, however, as might immense distance from those towns to the places have been naturally expected, greatly affected our whence we craw our supplies.

commerce, particularly the carrying trade, of wbich Let us suppose for a moment, that the weslern the war had given us an inordinate share. Anim. farmer, instead of purchasing his pottery and delf. mense capital, invested in commerce, was thus rei. wa e in England, had in his own neighborhoodmanu. dered wholly unproductive; but had manufactures factories of these articles, whence he could procure been encouraged, as sound policy dictated, hunthem free of the enormous expenses of sea and dreds of our merchants, whose property has since Jand carriage, amounting in many instances to treble wasted away, and who have been swallowed up in the first costl-and that in return he supplied the the vortex of bankruptcy, would, as was the case manufacturer, of whom he purchased them, with during the war, have transferred their talents, their Juis wheat and corn, and other articles! What a dif- industry, and their capital, to that department, to ferent face that country would wear! What rapid the advancement of their own interest and the ge. strides it would then make in the career of prospe- neral welfare, instead of a vain struggle in a branoh rity! What additional allurements it would hold out which was so crowded, that it could not afford supto cultivation!

port to more than half of the persons engaged in it. We offer for reflection, fellow citizens, an impor. Those that remained in the mercantile profession, tant fact, that sheds the strongest light on this thes after such a transfer of a portion of its members to ory. The settlement of Harmony, in the western profitable employments of another description, country, was conducted on this plan. This little might and probably would have prospered. And commonwealth depended wholly on itself for sup- thus it is as clear as the noon day sun, that an efplies. It had, to use the cogent language of Mr. ficient protection of manufactures would have been Jefferson, "placed the manufacturer beside the agri- highly advantageous to the merchants, although culturist." What was the consequence? The set. many of them, from taking a superficial view of the tlement made a more rapid progress in wealth and subject, have been uncler an opposite impression, prosperity than any equal body of men in the world and have unfortunately been hostile to such protecat any period of time- more in one year, than many tion. parts of the United States, which depend on foreign The advocates of the system of Adam Smith, markets for the sale of their produce, and the sup- ought to be satisfied with the fatal experiment we ply of their wants, have done in ten years. have made of it. It is true, the demands of the trea.

it is frequently stated, that as some of the cotton sury have not allowed us to proceed the full length manufacturers in the eastern states have prospered, of his system, and to discard import duties altoge, the protection tu the manufacture is adequate. If ther. But if our manufactures are paralized, our this argument warranted the inference drawn from manufacturers ruined, and our country almost wholly it, it would prove that the policy of Spainis sound, drained of its metallic medium, to pay for foreign and fraught with wisdom; for, notwithstanding the merchandise, notwithstanding the duties imposed for decay of that nation, there are in it several prosper- the purposes of revenue, it is perfectly reasonable to ous manufactures which, from particularcircumstan- conclude that the destruction would have been ces,are, like some of those in the eastern states, ena. more rapid and complete, had those duties not ex. bled to struggle against foreign competition. But the isted. This we hope will be regarded as decisive; decay of so large a portion of the manufacturing es. for if our woolen manufacture, for instance, protecte tablishments in the middle states, notwithstanding ed, as it is termed, by a duty of 27} per cent, has the enterprize, large capital and industry of the been more than one half destroyed, so that it was proprietors, is a full proof that there is not suffici- no longer an object to preserve the invaluable ent protection to this important branch.

breed of merino sheep, in which millions of dollars Public attention has unfortunately been diverted were invested, and of which the greater part have from the real source of our prostrate state by cer- been destroyed, to the ruin of the proprietors, it tain trite common place sayings, re-echoed through- cannot be doubted that, without such duty, it would out the union--that it is a time of general suffering have been at once wholly annihilated, as our own that distress and embarrassment pervade the whole citizens would, in that event, have been utterly uncivilized world--that we'are no worse than other nua- able to maintain a struggle against foreign rivals. If tions and that we cannot hope for an exemption argument were of avail against the dazzling authori

. from the common lot of mankind.

ty of great names, and against ingrained, inveterate This appears plausible--but it will not stand the I prejudice, this case would settle the question for

GREAT BRITAIX AND IRELAND.

ever. Where are now, we ask, the collateral | What a contrast between this system and the one Branches" to which the thousands of our artists, me- laid down with such ability by Alexander Hamiltoil, chanics and manufacturers, thrown out of their or. (see page 119,) and which we advocate! Light dinary employment and common method of subsistence," and darkness are not more opposite to each other. can "easily transfer their industry,"* as Dr. Smith His admirable system would render our prosperity asserts?

and happiness dependent wholly on ourselves. We Another part of Dr. Smith's theory is, that when should have no cause to wish for the misery of our a particular branch of industry is destroyed by “the fellow men, in order to save us from the distress home market being suddenly laid open to the competition and embarrassment which at present pervade the of foreigners," the stock will still remain in the country nation. Our wants from Europe would, by the to employ an equal number of people in some other way." adoption of it, be circumscribed within narrower And, therefore, the capital of the country remaining limits, and our surplus raw materials would be am. the same, the demand for labor will still be the same, ply adequate to procure the necessary supplies. though it may be exerted in different places and for dif. Submitting these important subjects to an enferent occupations.”+ These maxims are now fairly lightened community, and hoping they will experi. tested in the U. States, as they have been for centu- ence a calm and unbiassed consideration, we ardentries in Spain. The cotton, woolen, pottery, glass, and ly pray for such a result as may tend to promote and various other manufatures, have been in a great perpetuate the honor, the happiness, and the real measure suspended in the middle states, by the independence of our common country. home market being suddenly laid open to the competition of foreigners" at the close of the war. Is there a man who will venture to assert, that “the demand for la.

Foreign Articles. bor is the same?” that the stock remains the same.?or that it s'employs an equal number of people in some

Stocks, June 29-3 per cent. cons. 67 67 1.8. other way?We flatter ourselves that the most de

Several banking houses have stopped payment. cided advocate of the doctor's system will admit, on

The house of commons refused to consider a mo. calm reflection, that these maxims are utterly desti- tion offered by sir F. Burdett for a reform of par. tute of even the shadow of foundation.

liament-168 to 58. We urge this point on your most sober and serious

The royal assent has been given to the foreign

enlistment bill. reflection, fellow citizens. It is a vital one, on which the destinies of this nation depend. The freedom sailed from Liverpool for South America.

Devereaux's legion, three thousand strong, has of commerce, wholly unrestrained by protecting

The Persian ambassador is about to leave Lon. duties and prohibitions is the key stone of the so

don. much extolled system of the doctor, which, though discarded, as we have stated, in almost every coun- the house of commons, that 60001. sterling be

On the 28th of June, Mr. Wilberforce moved in tryan Europe, has among our most enlightened citi. zens, numbers of ardent, zealous, and enthusiastic granted to his majesty, for gen. Boyd. Mr. w. admirers. We have tried it as far as our debt and States, had in early life rendered a great service to

stated that “gen. Boyd was a native of the United the support of our goverment would permit. We the cause of Great Britain in the East Indies, at a have discarded prohibitions; and on the most impor- very critical period of affairs there.” He was at tant manufactured articles, which are wholly pro- that time commander of a corps in the service of the hibited in some countries, and burthened with heavy Nizam. The bill has passed accordingly. prohibitory duties in others, our duties are comparatively low, so as to afford no effectual protection to charge of taking illegal fees.

About 500 tide waiters, &c. are implicated in a the domestic manufacturer. The fatal result is before the world—and in every part of the union is stri, ries sustained by the oversetting of a stage coach

A lady lately recovered 3001. damages, for injukingly perceptible. In addition to the example of which the proprietors had to pay. Spain and Portugal, it holds out an awful beacon against the adoption of theories, which, however

A cargo of timber (the first) has arrived at Lonsplendid and captivating on paper, are fraught with don from Sierra Leone. It is much approved of. ruin when carried into practice.

A London paper remarks that the famous edition

of Boccacio, for which the present duke of Marlbo: This is the basis on which Adam Smith's system rough gave 2,2601. was lately purchased by the rests, and being thus proved radically and incura- Messrs. Longmans for 875 guineas. bly unsound, the whole fabric must crumble to The directors of the bank of England have adopt. ruins.

ed the invention of Messrs. Applegartlı and Cow. There is one point of view in which if this subject per, for the new note, which is in active preparabe considered, the egregious errors of our system tion, and which is calculated to defy successful imi. will be manifest beyond contradiction. The poli- tation. cy we have pursued renders us dependent for our

The extensive printing establishment of Messrs. prosperity on the miseries and misfortunes of our Berisley and Son, in London, had been consumed fellow creatures! Wars and famines in Europe are by fire. . Whole loss estimated at 130,0001.-Only the key-stone on which we erect the edifice of our 30,0001. insured. good fortune! The greater the extent of war, and A woman named Elizabeth Parry, lately died in the more dreadful the ravages of famine in that England, at the age of 109 years, who never had quarter, the more prosperous we become! Peace been two hundred yards from the spot on which and abundant crops there undermine our welfare! she was born! The misery of Europe insures our prosperity-its

The British say, that capt. Rogers of the steam happiness promotes our decay and prostration '! Ship Sarannah, is a brother of the commodore. What an appalling idea! Who can reflect without There is not any relationship between them anguish on a system built upon such a wretched In the house of lords, the earl of Limerick said, foundation!

that so great had been the pressure lately in Ireland,

that remittances could not be made to England *Wealth of Nations, I. 329. fidem.

without a loss of six or seven per cent.

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The celebrated London museum, formed by the tain! The same writer says—«The Americans are exertions of Bullock, of Piccadilly, after more than actually in possession of the Floridas. Will they thirty years labor, has been brought under the ham- yield up this possession ?--and if so, shall we sit mer.

quietly and see it forcibly retained? It is a question The library of Blenheim house has also lately pregnant with alarm--and yet, in such a moment been disposed of by public sale.

parliament is to be prorogued." [What have wwe" The library of the late queen of England is also to do with it?] about to be disposed of at public auction.

Another paper intimates that Spain has been told One of the miserable royal things, the duke of that if she cedes the Floridas she must also cede Kent, has requested of parliament a bill to grant Cuba; and it is intimated that the foreign enlistment him a lottery to dispose of certain property, which | bill, lately passed in parliament, is auxiliary to it. he values at 70,0001. to pay his debts. The disgrace “Our government, (observes another London paof the procedure was deprecated, and it was pro- per) is certainly devising means to check the rapid bable that the money wanted, would be given to growth of the U. States, but the possession of Cuba him! This thing receives $145,000 per annum of by us would have a contrary effect. the people's money, without rendering even any The vast commerce that already flows down the pretended service for it. His petition was with Mississippi, the immense tract of country rapidly drawn.

settling on the Missouri, &c. point out very distinci. The total revenue for the year ending July 5, ly to the United States the necessity of making Pen. 1819, is given at £49,071,923—being 2,265,7531 sucola a great maritime port; but such necessity more than the last year.

would be increased in a tenfold degree if Great Bri. A British commissioner at Vera Cruz, has suc- tain possessed Havana." cecded in purchasing a million and a half of dollars Since the return of Ferdinand to Spain, five years of the government and individuals-paid for in ago, twenty-five changes of minister's have taken notes on the British treasury.

place in the five departments; six in the department Wool. A strong deputation waited upon lord of finance; five in that of grace and justice; three Liverpool to point out to him the ill effects that in the marine; five in the war; and six in that of fowould result from additional duties on wool. But reign affairs. his lordship said that the ministers were deter Don Oris arrived at Paris on the 24th of June, on mined to adhere to it, to assist the agricultural in- his way to Madrid. The conduct of this person, terest-in other words, to encourage the home mar. from beginning to end, including his late interviews ket.

with the British ministry, well entitle him to be call. London dates, July 12.-Several very large meet- ed an extraordinary envoy. ings of the laboring classes have been held in Great The marquis de Yrujo isbanished to Avila, a town Britain-The distress of these people seems to be of Old Castile--he was suspected, says a London exceedingly great, and we suppose something like paper, of being favorable to the Americans, because insurrection is apprehended, by a well grounded be he was related by his marriage to the ex-president lief that certain scoundrels in the pay of government Adams! are mixing among them as spies, and urging them, It is understood that the grand expedition" was indeed, to commit high treason!-as was the case almost as nearly ready to sail as it was eighteen some time ago. At one of these meetings a person months ago! opposed a petition to the regent, requesting that The king of Spain has honored his excellency assistance might be granted to such of the laboring Hyde de Neuville, late French minister in the people as wished to emigrate to Canada-he said United States, with the Grand Cross of St. Isabella, it was the borouglimongers, sinecurists, and 150,000 with the title for life of his excellency.(Can the of the clergy that ought to be sent there! 15,000 king of Spain "honor" any thing-is it possible that people had also assembled at Cork to petition for a the miserable creature can confer«excellence?"} reduction of taxes and a repeal of the union.

We have late intelligence from Spain, via Hs.

vana. The Florida treaty had not been ratified, and In the chamber of deputies the discussion of ways it was believed that it would not be, through British and means was proceeded in. M. Manuel recom- influence. The Hornet has left New York on ano. mended the entering into commercial relations with ther voyage to Cadiz with despatches. the independents of South America, and the nego.

PORTUGAL ciation of a treaty with the government of Hayti, A quantity of American corn has been sold in with the view of securing some indemnity to the Portugal since the imposition of the new protecting unfortunato ex-colonists of that island, and re-open- duty: it produced the owners fifty cents per bushel, ing its ports to French commerce. A motion was for invoice, insurance and freight! carried to print M. Manuel's specch--The ministers approved of the printing.

Accounts from Naples of the 4th of June, state Flour and biscuit were allowed to be exported that a dreadful eruption of Mount Etna had broken from France.

out, which threatened total destruction to the city Madame Blanchard lately ascended in a balloon of Catania. From Mount Vesuvius a very great at Paris, intending to play off' some fire works in eruption of lava had taken place in the direction of the air.' The effect was very grand; but fire was Pompeii. Some violent shocks of an earthquako communicated to the balloon-it fell, and she was had been felt near Viterbo. literally dashed to pieces.

Intelligence has been received in England as late

as May from Trivoli, which announce that the most The London papers teem with paragraphs re- public roads had become no longer safe one mile specting Spain, with reference to the cession of from the gates of Rome, Seven hundred villaina the Floridas to the United States. Some of these had escaped from the gallies, and spread them. articles are curious enough-one of them charges selves over the Appenines. This horde of assas. Ferdinand with breaking up his ministry to avoid sins had committed the most horrid crimes, and a ratification of the treaty for the transfer of the continue their outrages with impunily. The acFloridas, to evade the surrender of Cuba to Great Bri-l counts state that they had lately put out the eyes

FRANCE,

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ITALY.

SPAIX.

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