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ment would do in a case like this? Our readers very nience of society, and are the farest subjects of well know, that'we are not over-fond fashions, usages taxation that can be presented to us from abroach: er laws of Britian,--yet we have many times told The wealthy will have such glasses; and we say, them that the people of the United States, so prone let them have them, if they please. But we have to ape all her jim-crack uotions, too generally set an undoubted right to give our surplus money such their faces against her wholesome regulations: thus, a direction as will support our surplus labor; an i to The joined her in bawling about «Spanish patriots'' impose such high duties upon unnecessary articles and Russian parrio:8, and have our dandies as well imported, as will induce all to purchase like arti. as she: we seemed almost willing to consent to the cles of home manufacture-equalling, or surpassira, proud declaration that she was cofighting for the li- the foreign product, in every desirable quality; and berties of the world,” and then she gives us Tala- thus preserve our money to the home circulation: ecra trowsers and an odd looking sort of wheel-car- No one can complain of this: for the pride which is riages called "buggies.". All these things are well; gratified in the possession of such articles, is founded but the moment in which we begin to regard nati. upon a comparison with those possessed by others, onal industry as she does, no matter whether applied and it cannot lose any of its effect by a measure to manufactures or commerce, every Briton in our that bears equally upon all. These remarks apply country, from the representative of “majesty' down to all things of luxury-and any article of luxury that to the representative of a bobbin-shop at Manches can be made at home, ought not to be imported by ter, becomes our enemy; and, from so much leading any country, except the labor of that country should the fashions, they also lead public opinion, and say be less than the means of its profitable employment,

why should you make any thing at all, when which rarely occurs; and at present esists not in any you can buy it so much cheaper?” The logic of this civilized nation. If the whole labor in the U. States is easily understood by the following facts: forexample, were appropriated to agriculture, onis,

Great Britain levies a duty of 1111. per cent. on it is true we might iive, but we should live very difglass manufactures imported: 1001. original value ferent from the mannerin which we now do; deprived being swelled by the duty, to cost the consumer of nearly all the embellishments and most of the 3141.

conveniences of life - so live, that life would be The United States' duty is 20 per cent. ad valo bardly worth having. It is by the happy comrem, and 1001. original value costs the consumer, bination of things indispensable - necessary - conthe duties added, 1201.

venient-comfortable, or luxurious, that zcst is The British duty is almost six times as bigh as that given to existence, and a praise-worthy emulation which we levy-it amounts to a probibition; and excited without which men would be little better affords a severe reproof to those impudent English-than the beasts of the field. men who tell us it is better to import than to manu. But all our glass manufactures do not partake of facture, because we can purchase a thing cheaper this luxurious qualitysuch as we use for windows Han we can make it.

are necessaries, and all the plain wares are conveWhat is meant by the word "cheap,” as applied (niences or comforts, contributing greatly to happito the price of commodites? It depends wholly upon ness. Our home-made window glass is the best in the ability to pay for them. Calico may be as dear at the world that we know of, and is disposed of at very six cents per yard as at a dollar: it is the means of reasonable rates; and our common wares are 2% obtaining the purchase-money which determines good as the imported. The manufactories now exthe quantity of the value.

isting, we are assured, might soon be so extended, The average price of bread stuffs in the United for increased, as to equal our wishes or wants, if the States, is at this time nearly 50 per cent. lower than foreign products were wholly excluded, and within England; yet England will not receive of us even out materially affecting the nominal prices--dear the staff of life," on cheap terms, because it would or cheap: many tens of thousands of persons are affect the profits of her own agriculturalists. She now idle in the United States, because they cannot thus denies us the means to pay, while she invites get any thing to do, suited to their qualifications 115 to purchase, because her goods are cheap! Such and capacities; and the annount of what they miglit is the difference between meuin and tuum.

and would earn, if the opportunity was offered to These principles are beginning to be well under them, is as so mnch lost with its interest forever stood, because every body begins to feel the force to our country; nay, further, if what they might mako of their operation. The freedom of trade,” and is obtained from abroad, the value is not only lost the saying, “let trade regulate itself” is very pret. but must be paid for, anci a single dollar is rendered ty. But there is no such thing. As well might we equal to the loss of two, in a general scale. Tho say, let smoke regulate itself. My neighbor may le people are severely pinched to live comfortably, as gally build himself an house on his own ground, well with us as in Europe; and as the world now higher than mine; he thus obstructs the free action stands, the pressure will increase in most countries. of the air, and I must raise my chimney or be smo- Happily in our own, still young and not filled with thered with smoke-but if his house were of the inhabitants, there is yet room enough to encourage same heighth as mine, there would not be any neces. industry, and the statesmen should appreciate this „sity for this defensive measure on my part. How singular advantage as among the best bounties of could le regard such a procedure as hostile to him heaven. Humanity, itself, for ourselves, is now pr be so impudent as to say to me, “let smoke regn- suited to a sound political economy, to build up and late itself!" But so it is, that though Great Brio establish the national independence on a solid basis, tain prohibits the importation even of brcad stuffs, to create new ties among the people of the whole she is offended with every nation which tares her republic, and bring those of the most distant parts calicoes at such a rate as will protect their home into a community of interests with those of all parts, manufactures!

by means of a home market and i legal commerce. As to the articles immediately before us, those were these flourishing, what should we care for Eurich glass wares, they are purely things of luxury; rope! We should have a money circulation among pleasing, indeed, to the eye, and interesting to those ourselves that would enable is to pay, 'n soine new who delight to observe the progress of the arts: but forin, fou times the amount of tie present morleery add nothing either to the comfort or conve- rate requirements of government, with grcutor case

than we make up the existing revenue, at this time. wide and about six inches long, produced actual The representatives of the people should therefore profits to some and positive losses to somebody, of all caretuliy look out to discover any foreign product the different amounts from 1000 to 500,000 dollars. that we can make in sufficient quantities at honre, The bulb of a single tulip would wrigh more than without tempting the manufacturers to extort on fifty of the biggest of t!ese stock xotes, and has as their fellow-citizens; and on the moment that they much reality of value in it nearly, as the advance at discover one, to protect the domestic fabric by sub» which these notes were disposed of. But the most jecting the foreign to suci duties as will amount to comical part of the whole affair was this, at which a prohibition of its import, unless it be the product posterity will have many a hearty laugh,-that the of a country which wants something that we have stock of the bank of the United States which had to spare, and will receive it on fair terms of usmes- been honestly subscribed and truly paid for, was less cept further, it is an article of pure luxury, when it valuable, on the exchange, by about two per cent. should always be subject to exceedingly high du. than that which was subscribed for on speculation ties, if admitied at all. Let the government of the U, and never paid for at all; and which is now saStates act hy system, that the people may understand tisfied, so far as satisfaction is ever hoped for, by a their policy - when they can to protect any cer- return of the right to the stock at 100 dollars per tain manufacture, let them rcally protect it; and the share to the bank, at an time when it may be bought domestic rivalty will soon banish the fear of extor- in the public market at about ninety dollars! «Jum tion; for the laborand capital engaged in it will just satis!as naturally seek and find its level, compared with the value of other species of labor, as water seeks and finds it. Such is the principle of things in this

Scraps about Banas, &c. free country, wherein every maa follows the busi U.S. bank stock at Philadelphia. June 24-offer ness that pleases him, and invests his capital as he ed at 88; no buyers-91 since asked. likes. Thus the whole labor of the people might be advanced to its highest state of production, and Cost of banks. A writer in a Philadelphia paper the republic proceed to strength of population and estimates the actual cost of the eight banks in that weall with unabated rapidity:-Instead of gaping city, for presidents, cashiers, clerk hire, &c. tq at Europe as we now do, to ascertain whether, we amount to 100,000 dollars, annually. At least one shall have prosperous or adverse times, let us look half of this sum may be considered as uselessly ex. at home--lie who depends upon his neighbors in- pended. The salaries might be greatly reduced, stead of himself, cannot be a fee or a happy mar.. and four banks, with increased capitals, and one of Every one musi attend to his own business, or it will two more clerks than are at present employed in suffer.

them, would serve the public better than the eight "He that by the plough would thrive,

now do. There would be only half so many direcHimself must either hold or drive." ľ ronid rather have a spendthrift in my family tors with their shaving partners, brothers, sons and

cousins to be accommodated; and of course, a much than a buyer of bargains."

larger sum of money to be loaned those who deserve

to receive it. Speculation and Gambling,

We have nine banks in Baltimore, besides the On many occasions, these words are synonimous office of the bank of the U. S.one of these, howerer, --and on some, there is another which has nearly the the City Bank, may not now be counted. If the same meaning to wit, roguery. Sometimes, per capitals of four of the others were merged into the haps also, insanity may convey nearly a similar idea. remainder, the public good would be eminently pro

Dr. Mitchell, of New York, in an article on Bo: moted, for the reasons just above stated, tany, took occasion to notice the "Tulip mania'

We have heard of such things as a bank being that prevailed in Holland about a century and a half made to give a good office to a favorite individual. apo “This epic!emic frenzy in Holland, was ripe about

Baltimore, From all that we can learn, there are this time, (in the year 1643) and raged with extta- other cities and towns whose condition is not much ordinary violence, in and around the city of Haer-more enviable than Baltimore's. But, happily, they lem. The disease was excited by all rare blossoms, have no generous neighbor to proclaim their misfor. and particulariy by Tulips. A single bulb of a tulip tunes, and make bad worse by telling that which is was sold for 3000, 4200, 4400 and even 5000 florins. not true of them. The sale of all sorts of commodiThe tricks, frands and folly, in this insane traffic, ties, except such as are immediately necessary, is so were so great, that it was ordained by public

autho- severely checked, that it is impossible there should rity, that money should not be recoverable upon be much money afloat-and every dollar is grabbed tulip contracts, Cash or honor must secure the bar. at by the banks to support themselves against the ain. This year there was a remarkable pamphlet unprecedented procedure of the bank of the United published on the subject, at Amsterdam. Like gold States, as mentioned in our last. and diamonds, the roots were weighed with the most scrupulous nicely. The cheating, neverthe

The book.There has been a great deal of less, was so scandalous, that it was high time to re: buzzing about a certain book, said to have heen fuse to that species of gambling, the sanction of found last week in the office of the bank of the law. The present generation may smile, while United Statės, in Baltimore. The "vulgar exe” they calculate, that a solitary tulip should have been hath not yet seen it and little is known of its contents, boliglot, and willingly paid for, at prices varying except by half-whispered facts and strange insin. from 1,100 ta upwards of 2000 dollars of the United ations. It appears to have been sufficiently importStates."

ant to have caused an instant mission to the mother Now, we have lately harl an "epodcmic frenzy." at Philadelphia. This book is said to contain memoa almost as bad as that which raged in Holland. Pic. randums of some ertra proceedings until now !!! ces of paper, called stock noles, have been sold at suspected, and which will affect the funds of the thly per sent. above the amount expressed on the bank to an enormous amount. face of them; by wlich littla bite of paper, two inches

"We have fallen op evil times."

We learn that the grand jury of Baltimore have excitement in this state about the banks. The difound presentments against three of the late' offi- rectors of some of them are charged with the nore! cers of the City Bunk. It is reported, that a severe offence of supporting shavers and brokers!! Pshaw! investigation of the conduct of other persons is also we were so much used to this in the Atlantic going on.

states, that nobody expected any thing else of many Mechanics' bank, New York. There was a consi- directors-two or three of whom might be seen at derablc run upon this bank on last Friday week; a time in a shaving-shop! But we are getting bet. but a free discharge of the obligations of the insti- ter now, and really believe that the day is at land tution in specie, soon checked it.

when honest men will be respected-at bank: when Ney York, country banks. The bills of the fol- productive labor may borrow a 1000 dollars, and lowing banks are not received by the banks of Al. speculating gamblers not often get their fiftys and bany, nor at the state treasury

hundreds of thousands-as heretofore. Bank of Hudson - Aqueduct Association or Green county bank-Niagara-Washington und WarrenExchange bank, New York - Ontario, and Jefferson Literary Studies of Youth. county. In addition to the preceding, the banks of ADDRESSED TO THE EDITON, AT A VERY RESPECTABLE Albany reject the notes of the banks of Catskill,

GENTLEYA 0F x AssACHUSETTS. Middle District, Plattsburg, and Columbia; but Mr. Niles - You are requested to accept the coragreed to receive the paper of the following, “at dial thanks of a patron of your excellent paper, fore* 15 days" to wit-Newburgh, do. branch at Ithaca, the independent and masterly manner in which you Orange county, Central, Chenango, Utica, Ontario have exposed the iniquity of the “paper systein." branch at Utica, Geneva, Auburn.

At no period of time, have seen the salutary power The N. Y. country banks have hitherto in general, of the press more efficiently wielded than fora

a year Eustained their credit much better than those of any past, in the Register. May Heaven prosper the other state in which there is a multitude of thein, work of reformation! except those of the eastern states, since the purga Observing lately that the legislature of Virginia tion which happened to them sometime ago. The have resolved to establish an university, it occurred banks of Troy receive only their own notes on depo- to me that a salutary reformation in the system of site, except at the owner's risk.

classical education, might be commenced by that P. S. It is asserted that the banks in the interior state, with the prospect of rendering eminent sct. of the state of New York, with the exception of Al. vices to the cause of learning in this country, by bei: bany, t/tica, and the bank of Goshen, in Orange example. Permit me, sir, if compatible with your county, have stopped paying specie for their notes." views, to call the attention of that legislature to

We hardly expect this wholesale report is this subject, true,

To the general assembly of VirginiaEssex bank. The cashier of this bank, (says the Observing that an act to found an university has New York Gazette) bas called a meeting of the passed your honorable body, a friend to literature stockholders to také such measures as may be es. and to the libertiesof this country, solicits your at. pedient as to the rights of the institution, and to tention to this question—whether the study of the close its concerns.

Greek and Latin languages ouglit to be required as Exchange bank, June 29. Conformable to promise, part of a classical education in relation to this I have visited Sandy-Hill, inspected the concerns of question, your memorialist respectfully invites your the Washington and Warren bank, found them in attention to the sentiments of the immortal Dr. excellent condition, and I do not hesitate to declare, RUSH, whose name reflects distinguished hovor on that it there is anything earthly certain it is the sol. the literary reputation of this republic. Flis argu. Vency of said Bank.

mcnts against the study of the dead languages are When I have redeemed my pledge as to the paper deemed highly important and unanswerable. These of the Washington and Warren bank, (which will be are some of his sentiments: 'The study of the within the period mentioned,) the public will then Latin and Greck languages is improper in the preknow how to estimate what I have said as to the good. sent state of society and government in the United ness of the notes of the Exchange bank.

States''_«the cultivation of the Latin anci Greek JACOB BARKER, languages is a great obstacle to the cultivation and

perfection of the English language."-"It is likewise Kentucky. Meetings are still holding in Kentuc one of the greatest obstructions that has ever been ky to collect the wishes of the people, whether the thrown in the way of propagating useful knowbanks shall be supported in becoming bankrupts ledge.” That distinguished scholar has supported or not! So far as we are able to discern the public these sentiments in the ablest manner in a volume opinion, those who think that the banks should pay entitled “Rusli's essays." Your memorialist deeptheir debts, or shut up shop, like individuals, have ly impressed with the same sentiments, earnestly a large majority. Now is the time-now or never," hopes that the state of Virginia will cause all useless for the honest people of Kentucky to relieve them- and injurious studies to be excluded from their uni*selves, for the future, of the evils intended to hare versity. been entailed upon then, by the late legislative lit. Your memorialist begs leave to present to your ter of banks.

consideration an exposition of the errors of the preWe designed to bave published the proceedings sent plan of college education, published in a late of some of those meetings, and shall yet do so~io Boston Patriot, in these words "The present plan shew the “form and pressure" of the times. of college education is proved by these facts to be

A wise proceeding - The stockholders of the In. erroneous. First, that five or six years out of se. dependent bank at Richmond, Ky. have had a meet- ven or eight are spent in studying, for the greatest ing, and declared it inexpeclient to carry the institu- part, the fictious, frivolous and obscene stories, and tion into operation. They thereupon withdrew the extravagant rhapsodies of heathens. Sceond their stock and dissolved the charter.

fact—that when masters of arts take this degree,

they are less acquainted with the Latin and Greek Tennessee.-There seems to be a considerable l languages than when they entered college. Third

fact--that the English language would be better communicated, is by a toothed rack or slider, attach understood and read to better advantage, if the same ed to the end of the piston rod—this passes in a ho time vere jucliciously employed in English studies. rizontal direction and in a righi line from the pisFourth fact--that several of the most distinguished ton rod, between the periphery or rimsoftwo wheels writers, puilosophers and statesinen whom either placed vertically or p rpendicularly, one above our couniry or the world can boast, owed not their the other, on segments or parts of the circle on which excellence to the study of the dead languages. Fifth cogs are placed; on the shafts of these wheels at rict-that the knowledge of Latin and Greek au. some small distance from the segment wheels, pinis tours does not constitute the learning essential to ons, or small wheels, are placed, the cogs of which healthe sick, to make or administer laws, or to teach work into and are alternately worked by a sun qe laen the way of life and salvation.”

centre wheel placed between them; as the steam Many youth, your memorialist would state from moves the piston rod and slider forward, the teeth caratul observation, are discouraged by the dull of one edge of the slider plays into the cogs of one and tedious and disgusting task of spending so many of the segment wheels and moves it one half of a re: years in grovelling through Greek and Latin stu- volution by the time the piston rod has completed dics, and abandon their object. English studies of its forward stroke, at which time the last cog on that the highest rank are pleasing and refreshing to the segment wheel is put out of play--at that instant, mies of youth. If these could be pursued without the steam being applied to other end of the cylinder, qading through the dead languages, many more and of course operating at the other side of the

our youth, and especially the sons of gentlemen piston head, the return stroke commences and the ofirline in the middle and southern states, would first tooth on the other edge of the fslider comes it. the onefits of a polished and excellent edu. into play with the first cog of the other segment

wheel, which has been brought to that position by ny other reasons for altering the present plan the pinion wheeljof the first segment wheel turning o clssical education might be offered, which rea- the centre wheel, and the centre wheel at the same soos hill occur to men of discernment and candor. time turning the pinion wheel of the second seg.

Shund the thoughts bere suggested meet the ment wheel. The backward stroke completes one eye of any of the niombers of the general assembly entire revolution of the wheels. i he for ard stroke of Virginia, the writer hambly hopes that they will then commences as first mentioned and the operation be received as the offerings of a heart andently de. continues at pleasure. The discovery consists in voted to the interests of luarning, virtue and liber. the invention of the rotary segment wheels; and also *), tad impressed with a view of the importance of in the connecting centre or sun wheel, and any per. ine example which shall be sei by a state whose son acquainted with mechanics by describing those. scholars and statesmen have shed so much glory on wheels on paper and observing their line of motion, This republic. A FRIEND TO LITERATURE, will readily discover the principle. The inventors

of this machinery have also made a model of a sin. Steam Power.

gle segment wheel, which, when placed in an open

toothed rack, or slider, performs a similar revolu, The following lias been iransınitted from Greens- tion, and which may be applied to many valuable

burg, Penn, for publication in the Registkr. We purposes, and which also forms a part of the specie are told by a disinterested gentleman, that the fication in their patent. તે

scovery has been pronounced by scientific men, The principle of this invention is in the uniforia to have been a desideratum in mechanics for and continued application of rectilinear motion to more tun two centuries. We are happy to give the periphery of the wheel, at a right angle with the the inventors an opportunity of making their dis. radius (or the line extending from the axis to the covery known; frankly.confessing however, that circumference always acting at the point where for ourselves we are too lit:lc acquainted with power acts with the greatest possible effect. mechanics to judge of its merits. The article The advantages are in the saving of expense in contains only an account of the principle and pow. the fly or balance wheel, and other parts of the maer of the invention, which has the appearance of chinery - a comparatively small balance wheel bebeing very important; and it is said, that the ef. ing only required, and for the purpose merely of fect of steam gained by it, is fully one-half. This continuing the motion while the valves are closing verifies what we have often heard a great mecha- and opening. nic declare, who always insisted that the know In many cases the balance wheel may probably be ledge of steam power was yet in its infancy. entirely dispensed with, as in the experiment made

the object of the experiment made, was merely the balance wheel was not in operation, and perhaps to shew, that a regular and uniform rotary motion will only be necessary in large rolling mills, where could be produced from rectilinear motion, with an accumulation of power is required at particular oit loss of power in the application

times when the barr is passing between the rollers. The gulgeons being of wood, and working in The velocity of the slider and the other machinery, wooden beams, and the slider passing over a wood. will perhaps be found sufficient to contin.e the mo. en sertace on a plane without friction roliers, and tion while the small space is passing, that is ne. the whole machinery being erectcıl in haste, and cessary to shut and open the valves - and no action increly for a temporary purpose, and the cogs of of the balance wheel is necessary at the commencethe wheels and teeth of the slider being made with-ment of the return stroke, for as soon as soon as the out any particular attention either in the workman- valves are shut and the piston head continues movstrip or design to avoid friction—the whole ma ing forwarıl, the low steam and atmospheric air in cobery wis of course in a great state of imperfec- that end of the cylinder, is compressing. This alone tion; and the boilers used on this occasion liad been would afford an elastic spring to commence the reronally constructed ru a scale to suit for a cylin- turn stroke-but in addition io this, as the valve at der of less than one fourth tie capacity of the pre. that end gradually opens, the stram is gradually issu. sunt: under all these disadvantages, more than one ling into that end of the cylinder, and as soon as the Based regular revotions were performed in valve is completely open there is such a borly otcom. proydon niinute. The more by visch the power is pressed air and steam at thu und ofthe cylinderopee

fating against the piston head as to drive it backwards, most gratifying prospect of a long continuance of a Instantly, as soon as the slider is disengaged from the state so highly propitious to the religious, moral, last cog of the segment wheel-at which time the first and political interests of society. Negociations have tooth of the otheredge of the slider plays into the first taken place with the European governments pour cog of the other segment wheel and continues it in sessing terrritory adjacent to the United States, motion in the same direction it was turning. It will which promise to eventuate in the amicable adjustbe evident there can be no danger of the piston ment of our controversies with them, and to ascerhead driving against the head of the cylinder, as tain the limits of our national territory, and add to the only difficulty is in bringing the piston head in our country extensive districts, peculiarly important that direction to the end of the stroke while the to us, from their local situation and advantages. valves are shutting and opening. Another advan. Ourcommerce, although suffering under tempora: inge is gained by dispensing with the use of the ry causes of depression, still exhibits the enterprize Large beam, which causes a great loss of power in and energy of our national character. Our most imchanging its motion at every return stroke, and also portant manufactures, under the fostering care of a by keeping such a body in motion. The loss of government devoted to the public welfare, have alpower by the use of the pitmen and crank is also re-ready made a progress which ensures their pere moved, the pitmen never acting in a right line manent establishment. Agriculture receives a with the piston rod, except at what are emphatical- considerable portion of that attention which it de. ly called the dead points," and at which time it is serves from an enlightened people. The interest! acting directly against the gudgeon, and of course of literature, in general partake of the common increasing friction. To overcome this injurious prosperity.--They are interests which will always action, it is necessary to keep in motion a large hold a prominent place in the views of enlightened balance wheel, which also causes a great expendi-statesmen, and cannot be neglected without endanture of power. Thus in the present steam mills, it gering alike, the cause of religion, morality and is necessary to create one power to destroy another, freedom. which is acting injuriously,

We have abundant cause for congratulation in the There are in the model several side cogs and share which this state enjoys in the general prospeside clicks, serving to put one wheelout of play and rity. The evidences of our progress in improve:: Bring the other into play, with more perfect cer. ment, and advancement in prosperity, are numerous tainly and accuracy. These were the invention of and unequivocal. Mr. Jacob Hugus. The principle of the rotary The splendid public edifice in which you now for segment wheels and sun wheels, was invented by the frst time assemble, will add another honorable A. W. Foster, esq. of this place. The model exhi. testimonial to future ages of the enlightened public bits the mode of applying this machinery to steam spirit and liberal views of the citizens of New Hampboats, by means of the slider being bollow, so as to shire. It reflects honor upon the legislature, and admit a shaft to pass thro'it, for the boat wheels to upon that enlightened chief magistrate under whose be attached to.' By lessening the centre wheel, auspices it was erected, and who lias now retired two revolutions, or more, may be effected during a from an office, the duties of which he has dischargsingle revolution of the segment wheels. The speci-ed with honor and usefulness. fication in the patent exhibits an easy mode of ef. The primary interest of this state is, and proba.' fócting a retrograde motion where necessary. bly always will be found, in her agriculture. Its en.

couragement has strong claims on the attention of:

the legislature. Its improvement is intimately conLegislature of New Hampshire.

nected with the preservation of our liberties, and INAUGURAL MESSAGE OF GOV. BELL,

the permanent prosperity of our country. · At the Gentlemen of the senate and

last session of the legislature, donations were made House of representatives:

to the several county societies in this state, incorImportant trusts have been committed to us by porated for the promotion of agriculture and domesour fellow citizens. The general good is the object tic manufactures. These donations, it is believed, which we should have in view in their discharge. have been productive of much advantage, in excit. The powers of government are conferred for this ing an honorable and useful emulation to excel in purpose, and should be directed to the attainment these pursuits. Permit me to suggest to you, that of this end alone. The public good affords the rule similar donations at the present session would proby which we should be guided in the performance mote the general interest. It would perhaps be exof our respective duties.-- To this rule we should dient to make it a conditiøn on which such dona invariablyadhere.-By this course alone, can we ex. tions should be received, that the officers of such pect to obtain the public confidence, or promote the societies annually, so long as such donations are congeneral prosperity.

tinued, should communicate to the secretary of this We are responsible for the public welfare, and state, the improvements, and the useful results of should watch over the public interests, afford secu- experiments made by their respective societies. It rity to the enjoyment of civil and religious rights, and may hereafter be thought proper by the legislature; faithfully seek and promote such measures as willcon- to appoint a board or committee to examine and diduce to the happiness of the people. These duties gest for publication, sucl parts of these communiconstitute a trust of great responsibility. They in- cations, as shall be thought most conducive to genetolve all the most important interests of society. We ral utility; and at the public expense, cause them to enter upon these duties at a time peculiarly auspi-be printed, and sent to the several towns in this cious to their unbiassed and successful discharge. state, in the manner now practised in regard to the No excitement of passions or prejudices exists to laws enacted at the several sessions of the legislainfuence the mind towards measures adverse to the ture.-Much useful information might thus be speegeneral interest. The situation and prospects of dily and generally diffused at an inconsiderable exof our country affore the most pleasing hopes and pense. Economy is an important virtue in a repub. anticipations. She advances towards the highest lican government, but to be a virtue, it must be ra.. summit of national greatness with unexampled pro. tional and enlightened, and have a reference to the gress. We are at peace with aļl nations, with the general and permanent interests of the people,

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