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ence

272

260

287

431

Adams 160, 192, 272, 288; saa

P.

Meligion-as a duty or a sci-
lutes 204; United States 238; Pacific, of a canal to

416

440
depot 239; Perry's squadron Paper, British, used in the pub. Religionists, a new sect of 287
256, 439; Macedonian 318; lic offices at Washington! 389 Reports of the P. M. gen. re-
Franklin 74, 319, 400, 402, Paper currency-various 112, specting mail guards 4; see
ships building 320, 400, 440; 130, 257; (sound remarks) "congress
resources, a British essay 427; 261, "gee banks”

Revenue of the U. S. see trea-
equipments
431, 440 Party feelings, mentioned 43

sury, &c. noticed 319; cutters
Netherlanis-population of se Past--the present and the fu 319; sec congress, reports, &c.
veral cities 111; plots, &c. ture

257 Rhode Island of the office of
111, 318; Amsterdam 111; Patent, extra

secretary of state 239; des-
product of wool 333; catholic Patrick's day, a riot on 105 patch of business in tlie legis.
processions
430 Patronage

79 lature 239; extract from Mr.
Neuville, Mr. Hyde de, treated Pauper statistics

419 Potter's speech

319
with a ball, &c.

238 Payson, Samuel, dies 368 Richmond, exaggerated state-
New Brunswick-the sking's Peas, green, price of

78 ment respecting failures
woods” 158; emigrations to Pennsylvania : respecting banks, thereat

434
319. See 'emigrations”

in the legislature 56;---see Riggs, Romulus
New Humpshire-elections 143; “banks!" the U, S. bank 97; Riley, capt. James, his account

gov. Plumer's message on his Mr. Sergeant's case 107; sale of the oturnpikers" 440
retiring from office 281; he is of offices 157; bribery 160; Road, the Cumberland 24
noticed 288; gox Bell's mes. pardons granted 272; secre Rodgers, commodore 287
sag'e 315; militia, arms and

tary of state 347; robberies on Rodney, Mr. his report men-
ordnance 336; religious liber. the turnpike to Pittsburg 440 tioned

55
ty, an act respecting 347 Pensioners, respecting 144, 176 Rogues in and rogues out
New Holland-wool 111; cost of Perkins, Jacob

256, 271 Royal deaths

77
the colony

270 Perry, com. see naval-"John Russel, Jonathan
New Jersey--acts of the legisla Adams."

Russia-births and deaths, quills
ture 40; school fund 40 Philadelphia-bills of mortality exported 140; manufactories
Newport, R I.

440 24; masonic hall burnt 56; re 175; new minister arrives in
News, articles of

273 marks on a paragraph about U. S. 176; California, a frigate
Newspapers, notice to editors 385

the Baltimore banks, &c. 258; in the Pacific 237; commerce
Aero York-Astor's claim 6; yellow fever reported to be

of Petersburg 237; voyages
manufactory of porcelain 24; in 336; publication of the of discovery 270; bell cast at
ordnance 40; the canals, vari. board of health respecting, Moscow 270; silver and paper
ous notices of 112, 143, 159, 347,384; masonic hall 431 money 270; slaves 292; relief
272, 384; the university 112; Philipps, Mr. the singer 238 of some of the slaves 318; con-
Plattsburg 112; bills of morta Piracies, frequent 272, 400; ou vention with Prussia 318;
lity and remarks 127, 128; ap. the Mississippi

431

progress of the empire in
propriations 142; insolvent Pirates--executed at Boston 6; America 361; bank bills forg-
laws 142; agricultural socie in the West Indies

430

ed in London 364; loans 383;
ties encouraged 143; thunder Plattsburg, the schooner-the relating to Sweden 383; pa-
gust at the city 159; asylum mutineers executed

6

lace at Petersburg 383; finan-
for the deaf and dumb 160; “Plough boy," a new work, 289 cial report 395; bank notes
elections 19.2, 224; Indians in Poland, statistical notice of 111 burnt 421; failures 430; troops
the state 192, 347; commerce Porcelain, Am. manufacture of 24 439; emigrants to 438; camps
238; criminal and humane in. Portugal, the ship Monte Alle 438; military and marine force
stitutions 239; sheep in the gro 56, 111; to prefer claims

438
state 271; city disbursement against the V, S. 296; on the Rye, a great stalk of

271
271; solvency of the city, 288; import of grain 345, 438

S.
Buffalo 998; insolvents 360; l'rairie du Chien

240 Sailor's cogitations!

287
political dissentions 368; re. Precious metals, remarks on 130 Santa Fee, American citizens
venue of the city 400; healih Prejudices, national

105
imprisoned at

272
of the city
440 President, the next spoken of 239 Saratoga springs

288
Niagara Falls-bridges, &c. 288 Printer's dues

160 Savannab, health of

448
431 Private claims before congress, Saw, the Belt 93, 144, 165
Noah's travels, extract from 433. remarks upon

113 Scott, gen. his correspondence
NavaScotia: Halifax navy yard 415 Privateering under the “patriot with gen. Jackson 121; gor.
0.
fag,” remarks upon

129 Clinton's address, and general
«Obstinate Yankees," 433 Prussia-extent, population, Scott's publication in the
Offices on the sale of 157 &c. 111; commotions 140; the

Richmond papers

135
Ohio-convention proposed, &c. bank 223; constitution talked Seamen, a British application
272, 298, 347; specie drawn of 223, tumult at Berlin 297; for the delivery of some 256
from 298; colony of blacks his majesty falls down! 383; Sea cerpent, 272; (apt quota-
entering the state 319; rob. intercourse with the U, S. 383 tion) 273, 288, 400, 440
bers caught in

432)
Q.

Sergeant, Thomas, his case 107
Old times, a curious record re. Quills, exported from St. Pe. Shad, price of one
specting labor,&c.

397
tersburg

140 sheep, in New York 271; fine
Ontario lake-coasting trade Quotations, editorial remark wooled 272; a great fleece S19
142; the vessels of war on 336 upon

145 Shoes, a pair of

270
Otis, James, a tribute to the

R.

Shrim, capt. John, dies 368
character of
26 Randolph, John
143 Sierra Leone

497
Owyhee, notices of 141 Register, terms of the

1 Skioner J. S, his prospectus
Oxen, large,

56, 78/ Reigning families of Europe 297) about the 'Aperican Farmer' 108

110

4.38
399

3

365

415

354

16L

367

Slaves-see "colonization," ne.

Lancasterian system

58 Tonnage of the U.S. 378
Lacey's conspiracy

270
groes, &c.-introduced into

Tortoise, an old one

416
Loans
Georgia
233 Monks

140 Towson, col. resigns

256
Slavery-series of essays on the
Ministerial changes, &c. 385, 438 1'rade, the balance of

150
Navy, state of the

237, 296, 345
mitigation of, no. 1, 177; no.

Newspapers, forbidden

270) Travelling, rapid 176, 271, 400;
2, 193; no. 3, 211, no. 4, 274; Neuville, Hyde de

between Baltimore and Phi.
no. 5, 292; no. 6, 342; no. 7,
Onis, don, in England

ladelphia

357
Prince of Peace

174
401, no. 8, 419 Pacific, the fivet to captured 200 Treasury U. S. see "congress:"

78
Smith, Thomas S. dies 192 Privateers,

circular to consuls 168; do. to
Privateersmen, treatment of, &c.

4, 140
Snake on a house
400

collectors, &c. 200; notice
Puern, the

55
Sociable voyages
176 Robbers,

296 about a circulating medium,
Robinson, W. D.
SOUTH AMERICA,

206, 233, 288 and remarks 372; its prostra-
Seamen, inpressed

237
Andromache, British frigate
319 Specie, arrivals of

236, 286

tion to the bank of the U. S. 417
Angustura
158, 250 State of the country

110 Treaty with Spain-see “Flori.
Arismendi

415 Treaty with the United States
Artigns' flag, privateers under it, 112,

da:" with indians-see In-
Valencia,

158
191 415; Convention with him. 335, 366,399 Volunteer brig, beats a privateer, 399

dians, &c.
Battles, real and reported 128, 158 Yrujo, the marquis, dismissed, &c. 385, 438 Trumbull, colonel

192
Biddle and Cochrane

204

Specie 142, 224, 271; price of
Bolivar

310

Tulip trade of Holland
256
Brion

439 compared with paper 357; ar Turkey-naval preparations
Buenos Ayres- brief notices of affairs at rivals of 421; see banks”

5; Wechabites defeated 5;
191, 207, 399; the congress 191; address of
the director 207; constitution

415 Spencer, Mr. see congress contests at Constantinople
Chili - naval forces of 56; captures by 56 and

142

383; revolt of the pacha of
Cochrane, lord, -arrives 141, of his squa Stark, general

223 Furcomania

438
dron, &c. 191; his operations and pro-
clamation of blockade 318, 335, 346,

367,
Steam and steam boats-The

Turnpikers, robberies by 440
384, 309, 415 Franklin 40; a boat launched

Turtle, a large one caught

319
Convention with Artigas
Hanish purts said to be opened for the

at Blakely 56; siip Savannah

Tyler, capt. E. disinissed 432
sale of prizes, &c.
3.46 143, 271, 287, 429, 437; on the

U.
False reports,

western waters 144, 319;/Rich-
Foreign troops 55, 56, 112, 175, :91, 271,

Union line of steam boats, &c.
384, 415

mond 256; boat of 700 ions between Baltimore and Phi-
Margaretta

158, 191 launched 192; new applica ladelphia
McGregor arrives at Aux Cayes 55; sails tion of steam 192; boat Virgi-
128, 158; at Porto Bello 191; defeated

Unwelcome necessity
256, 286, 318; at Port au Prince 335; at
nia 223; Western Engineer Usury-of laws against

56
Aux Cayes
384 223, 368; in Indiana 224; in

V.
Joli, com

56, 191, 415, 438
Laguira

Alabama 224; a fleet of 240;
175, 439

Venezuela-see "S. America."
Linh, 175; attack upon 318; royal forces ships, a sailor's cogitations Vera Cruz, British obtain spe.
respecting 287; Walk-in-the 'cie from

438
Montoneros

191
Morillo 128; his address to the British

water 298; steam power 314, Vermont-legislature noticed 113
troops

271 336; James Ross 319; on lake Virginia—the university 142;
Osorio, collects troops, &c.

George

384

internal improvements 142;
Pampas indians

207) Steel, Mr. of his slaves 276 elections 224; agricultural so-
"Patriot flag,” remarks upon the abuses Stiles, George, dies

287 ciety

346
under it

272
Pirates
112, 158, 345 Sugar and molasses!

W.
Prisoners, Spanish, insurrection of, &c. Suicides, at various places 144; 159 Walsh, R. jun.

160
19,207 Supplement to the volume 129 Washington's birth day, honor.
Privateers, &c.-off Havanna 56; the Bri-
tish restore a vessel captured 78; the Ir.

Supreme court-see Law cases, ed 6, 139, 287; anecdote of
resistible 128; her case 208, 390, 428; the decisions

781

him 224; city, fires at 159;
Fortuna 141; smuggling 208, priva.
Surplus products,
385 the capitol at

430
teersmen lashed 318; the Constantia
346; the Constitution 383; off n. York 431 Swellen--the privilege of smok.

Water spout

140
Prizes
ing! 111; Moreau's sword pre Watson, Elkanah

144
Royal deerees 112, royal cause prosper.
sented to the king 140;. won Weaver, an aged one

384
Santa Fe de Bagota

derful spring! 175; loan 223; Webb, Thomas S. dies 384
Spanish flett captured, &c.
Bernadotte to resign! 297, Wechabites defeated

111
Venezuela, the congress of 158, 270; items
of news

207

335, 346; uneasiness 383; mi. West Indies- St. Vincent 112;
South Carolina -improvements

nister to the U.S.

439

Tobago 112; slave trade at
in
431 Swiss emigrants

365

Havana 112; several colonies
“Sovereignty of the states," a Symmes, capt. and his theory 336 remonstrate

430
series of editorial essays-no. Symg thy, "the power of” 239 Western posts

344
1, 41; no. 2, 102; no. 3, 145;

T.
Westward, progress

344
remark on

210 Tasso, a manuscript of 55 Whale fishery, importance of
SPAIN.
Taylor, lieut. J. B.

142 thie

272, 400, 416
Alarming,

206, 270 Tennessee-the Holston river 416 Whales, many seen 140; one
Arms obtained in England
430 Terms of the Register

1 dead of wounds, found 287
Banditti
Cevallos

140) Theatrical

novelties-women Wheat, price of 319; harvest
Charles IV.
35, 139 playing Hamlet

288

384;
Conspirators

236, 270
Cordeliers, the general of the
Thunder gust, remarkable

320

159 Whipple, com. A. dies
Cuba, noticed
230 Tide, singul.r rise of

288 Wilkinson, Jemima, dies 346
Diamond found

383 Times, the pressure of,* &c.
Expedition to S, America! 73, 110, 205, 206,

Williams, George, his memoria! 6
222, 236, 286, 296, 345, 365, 385, 398, 438

178, 242, 255 Winder, gen. Levin, dies

35
Florida see "Florida"

Tobacco, frauds in

416 Woolsey, gen. M. L. dies 346
French ships unler Spanish colors 399 Tompkins, Mr. vice president,
Foreigners, a decree respecting

215

Worcester's Gazetteer
140
Ferdinand, to be married 175, 222, 383,

injured by a fall 40; of his ac Worthington, W. G. D. 191
430; refuses to pay his fathers debts 222; counts 144, 159; sundry let.

z.
call his council, &c.

296
Inquisition, vile decree issued by the, 5;
ters, &c. respecting 424 Zinc, its uses

400
Xuotber

399
175

Pacz. 5.

346

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286

439

141

5

239

180, 222

SEV SERIES, No. 1-Vol. IV.]

BALTIMORE, FEB. 27, 1819.

(No. 1-Vol. XVI. WHOLE No. 391

THE PAST-TILE PRESENT OR THE FUTURE.

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY A. NILES, AT $5 PÊR ANNUM, PAYABLE IN ADVANCE.

We now have concluded the documents ac The paper of most of the specie-paying banks in companying the report of the committee appointed the United States is received in payment-but re. to investigate the affairs of the bank of the United mittances are always expected in the best kind of States, so far as they have yet been published at paper circulating at the place to which the RegisFashiogton, except a series of heavy tables or not ten is ordered-Baltimore money, however, is most much immediate interest, though needful, perhaps, acceptable from any place, as answering our purto a full understanding of the subject. For the pur- poses the best. pose of inserting these tables, we shall make a lapse of eight pages between this number and our next, THE BANK QUESTION. It is ascertained by the and issue a supplement containing them, as soon as vote on Thursday last see "congress,” that the we can make it convenient: say in two or three house of representatives will neither agree to repeal reeks being at present engaged in getting out the the charter of the bank of the United States, nor large supplement for the volume just finished, &c. order a scire facias. These results were expected, We congratulate ourselves on the conclusion of the and are, in part, in conformity with our wishes on documents, for we now shall have room to notice the subject--reformation, and not destruction, is the arany important things that we have been compelled thing that we continually aimed at. What will be 'ta defer the insertion of. The list of stockholders' done-what can be done, to effect the former, is times is yet wanting-some extracts from it may be doubtful. It is probable that no act will be passed interesting, and we should have been pleased with at present, except the bill to regulate voting, &c. its publication before any decision took place in It is stated that upwards of 100 shares of stock congress about the bank. We learn that about forty were really sold in Baltimore, at $115, "for money," members are stockholders--some of them heavily so: a few days ago; but since then, we believe, other e hope that none of them voted in their own case. sales have been made at 107 or 108,-which proThe great danger of incorporations is that the bably, is the full worth of the stock, under the most chief members of them are our governors, judges favorable circumstances that can be anticipated, to and legislators; and thus their individual interests persons desiring to possess it as an investment of may be placed between the people and the justice capital; but the spirit of speculation in which the that they claim.

institution has been so much managed from the be

ginning, may keep its price fluctuating, until the TERMS OF THE REGISTER.

stock passes into the hands of those who intend to The subscription is five dollars per annum, paya- hold it, for the sake of its interest or dividends. ble in advance. The volumes begin in March and We learn from Charleston, that Mr. Cheves has September every year, for each of which a proper been invited to Philadelphia, to assume the duties title page and copious index is published. of the president of this bank; and it is understoo:1

The Register commenced in Sept. 1811, and com- that his arrival in that city may be speedily expected. plete sets may be had as follows

The bank is calling in from 5 to 10 per cent. eveFor eigbt years siibscription to Sept. 1819, 40 ry sixty days, on the notes discounted on stock; and

extra supplements to vols. 5, 7, 8, 9 & 15, 5 we see that the office at Wasbington city is demandGeneral Index,

3 ing 25 per cent. every 60 days, on the discounts

made there upon the stock of the district banks.

In sheets, 848 This severe presstire upon the latter class of borIf desired bound, add for the 15 vols. now rowers, seems to have occasioned some agitation in

published, and the General Index-16 the district, and we observe that a meeting of the rols. at 87} cents per vol.

14 cashiers of the district banks is invited.

The case of McCulloh versusthe state of Maryland 862

--that is, on the right of a state to tax the bank The work will be sent in sheets, by the mail to of the United States, has been in argument before any part of the United States, (at the cost of the the supreme court since Monday last. Messrs. purchaser) and its delivery guaranteed by the edi. Pinkney, Webster and Wirt (the latter as the attortor-or, either bound or in sheets, to any of the ney general, representing the interest of the governprincipal sea ports, at the cost of the editor, but at ment in the institution) for the bank; Messrs. Martin, the risk of the purchaser. All sets disposed of are Hopkinson and Jones against it. The discussion has considered as sold for cash.

been very able and eloquent--itinvolves some of the The editor invites his friends to use their influ- most important principles of constitutional law, and ence for the further extension of the circulation of the decision is anxiously expected. Much will de the REGISTER, believing that three objects of some pend upon it. interest may be affected by it: 1st, a diffusion of the facts that belong to the proceedings of our own and other governments

, among the people, on which Supreme Court of the United States. they may reflect and conclude for themselves; 2d, On Wednesday, the 17th inst. Mr. chief just ce in enabling the editor to make his work more and Marshall delivered the opinion of the court in the more valuable, by an increased ability to give a case of Sturges against Crowninshield. greater quantity of matter for the sum received; 1st. Tbat, since the adoption of the constitution an: 34-which comes home to him, that his profits of the United States, a state has authority to pass say be increased! After all, this is the main-spring a bankrupt law, provided such law does not impair that causes the most of us to exert ourselves, and the obligation of contracts, within the meaning of is the best security for good conducte

the constitutio:. Vol. XV1,

-1.

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2dly. That the act of New York, (that of 1811) the loss of time and money attending upon a suit which was pleaded in this cause, so far as it purports instituted on these principles, he would ry ihe force to discharge the contract on which this suit was in. of them against some of our swindling, vankrupt stituica, is a law impairing the obligation of contracts, and bankrupt-making banks. The stockholders anust within the meaning of the constitution of the Uni- be liable as indirruuuls; and, when this is establishi. 1cd Siates.

ed, there will be an end of rag-money-making. The efiect of which we understand to be, 10 invaliclate such parts of the state law as discharge the insolvent as to his subsequent acquisitions of pro. Progress of the Navy of the U.States. perty, whilst it confirms them so far as they dis Another ship of the line-probably as fine a vescharge the person of the debtor only from arrest sel as ever was built, and which, perhaps, will be as and imprisonment.

[. Nat. Int.

powerful too as almost any that ever floated, though

her numerical force in guns will be less than that of -This opinion has given much alarm to many many to be found upon the navy lists of Europe, is persons-it is highly inieresting to every one, and to be launched at Washington city this day, or on we shall publish it at length as soon as we receive Monday next, as the state of the weather may perit: it appears that all the judges concurred in it. mit. This vessel, we are informed, has been built It will probably, make some great revolutions in under the special direction of commodore Rodgers, property, and raise up many from penury whose and this is sufficient to inspire an universal confi. «eyes have been blinded by the dust of the coach dence in her character and capacity, for he is notoriwheels of those that ruined them;" and cause ously one of the most practically skilful seaman in others to descend to the condition that becomes the world. Her name, we learn, is the “Columbia," honest men, by compelling a payment of their debts in honor of the district in which she was built. The -as every man ought to be compelled to do, if name is a very good one, but not exactly such as we eser able, unless his creditors by a bankrupt law, could have wished; had it been left to us we should or an operation of the principles of such a law, have have called her the “SARATOGA," baving already an coerced him to give up his means, and start in bu- Independence, a Washington, and a Franklin, ships of siness de novo. It ought not to be at any one's dis- theline. There is more in the names of public vessels cretion to say when, er under what convenient cir- ' than many persons at the first view of the subject. cumstances, he will wipe of his debts, by the bene- may suppose: though a name cannot add any thing fit of an insolvent law-as some do every two or to the force or success of a vessel, still it may have three years; or, just as often as they can get credit much influence upon public opinion, and considerenough to make any thing by it.

ably tend to a national character. Thus, were sine The decision powerfully shews the necessity of a called the "Saratoga," a child would ask his father general bankrupt law, and, if it had taken place at the meaning of the name and what a happy oppor. an earlier period of the session of congress, might tunity would present itself to give an account of the have led to the passage of a bill on the subject-for first iime in which the standard of a whole British it is exceedingly important whilst the present sys- army sunk beneath the newly raised «striped bunttem of credits exists, that either party to it may ing, with sketches of the characters of the men who know what may be depended on. The debtor acted on that great occasion! And then, we might should be protected so far as to let him have a have our •-Yorktown,” and, by the very name, give chance of retrieving his fortunes; but we much the idea that there it was that Washington may be question the policy of discharging bim from a fu- said to have terminated the war for independence. ture liability to pay his debts, unless it be by some But, with the name of Columbia, as applied to the act of his creditors. Many honest, prudent and ten miles square, no such recollections can be excited, worthy men have failed, and with a serious deter- and the mind, at once satisfied, becomes indifferent mination to pay their debts thereafter, if legally to it. Under the influence of such considerations, released from the obligation to do sobut, alas! poor might it not be worthy of the congress of the United human nature, though we are not without examples States, when voting money for the building of ves. of the kind; they are so rare as to be considered es. sels, also to designate their names? traordinaries! The temptation is too great; even The jealousy, if not fear, with which the buildthe well-disposed cannot resist it: to part with 10, ing of a few ships in America is viewed in England 15 or 20,000 dollars that a man has earned, and --with her "thousand ships of war,” and her boast which he may keep-why, it is hardly to be expect that “no'sail was spread without her permission," ed, was the world goes!"

whilst it almost provokes laughter, also gratifies our The decision will afford a golden harvest to law. pride. We believe it to be a just and laudable yers and sheriffs--we have heard that one gentle-pride; because, although in the course of events, it man has ordered writs for the recovery of eighty may be accepted as a moral certainty that the rethousand dollars, due to him by persons that failed, public will acquire a power to maintain her pretenbut who are now able to pay.

sions to "free trade and sailors' rights”-yet, also, Regarding this decision in extenso, we have no that, invested with such power, she will not become manner of doubt but that any and every person, an aggressor. Thus far, we have kept ourselves being a stockholder of a bank, incorporated by the aloot from th.. squabbles of Europe it is a fixed authority of a state, may be made liable for any principle with us to offer shonest friendship to all debts contracted by said bank, during the period nations, but to form entanglmg alliances with none;' of his co-partnership in the institution, as shall ap- and, though some persons may have a greater or pear upon the face of its bills, as to the time at lesser degree of attachment or antipathy to one na. which they were issued, &c. The editor is not a tion than another, the good sense of the commulawyer--but this seems to be a natural and rightful nity will refuse to act upon either, and restrain the construction of the facts of the case-and, as to the government also, from being influenced by impropropriety of the thing itself, he never has hesitated per feelings. Happily for us, being constitutiona moment. Each partner should be bound to be ally opposed to kingeraft and priestcraft, we care extrot of bis fortune, for the debts of the association nci a straw whether a descendant of the illustrious. to which he belongs. If the editor were able to bear house of Stuart”snatches the legitimate sceptre from

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THE FLORIDAS ARE CEDED.

the “illustrious line of Brunswick," or another Na

Cession of the Floridas. poleon wrests it from the contemptible Bourbons of France or Spain. Tom, Dick dr Harry are all the

Something, at last, has resulted from our long same to us—it is their conduct alone that concerns negociations with Spain-in which, b; the bye, we us. Nor do we regard of what sect the government apprehend that gen. Jackson has acted as a powerful priests are—we know that any system upon which

mediator;

We shall they can be established, must needs be corrupt, and hear great grumblings about this on the other side a mockery of true religion; and have less respect of the Atlantic, and hope that matters are so fixed for the pope himself, or the archbishop of Canters that we may get possession before the intrigues of bury, than for the simple village teacher of righte-jealous foreigners can interfere to prevent the ratia ousness. May these feelings endure as long as the fication of a bargain which they have not any right Blississippi rolls a drop of water to the ocean-and to meddle with. The fact has long been evident, make us a peculiar people, zealous only of good that a sovereignty over these countries was needful works. They will forever present a barrier which to our peace and quietness, and that we would pos. the deleterious influence of foreigners cannot pass: force. We have preferred the former, and Spain

sess them by fair or foul means-by treaty or by In looking forward to events, it may be reasonably anticipated that the future wars of our country wiń has happily agreed to do that which her own interest be chiefly carried on on the ocean. The rapidly ac

prompted-for the Floridas, though so valuable to cumulating force of our population on the Canadian us, have always been a real incumbrance on her. frontier soon will, of it own weight and a due portion

The following exposition of the treaty, &c. is coof discipline, defend us on that side-the Floridas pied from the National Intelligencer of Thursday last. are ceded, they will also soon become reasonably po- ture of our western limits—but a little reflection,

Some difficulty may arise with a few, as to the fixe pulous, and their present ferocious inhabitants must feel the necessity of becoming our friends instead we hope, will reconcile most persons to the propos of being led into enmity against us.

On the side of ed boundaries—for many years must roll on before Mexico, &c. we have nothing to apprehend—but, either security for our citizens or the wants of our den assailments of our towns, and the consequent ble. By the time that either of those things occur, to prevent predatory excursions on our coasts, sud- population, can require an extent of territory be

yond the Sabine, though that territory is very valuaharrassing of the militia, at a vast sacrifice of life and treasure,—we must have force enough afloat to con

we can probably get it, on fair terms--if we desire fine the operations of an enemy to a few points, if it. Our country is large enough at present! not to defeat and capture him. It will not, perhaps,

"It is seldom that we have had so acceptable an again soon occur that an American woman shall be office to perform, as that of announcing to our reahold the smoke of an enemy's camp.”

ders the unanimous ratification, by the senate, of a As to the building of ships, we are quietly march- TREATI OF AMITY, SETTLEMENT, AND HIMITS, BETWEEN ing to the state of preparation-for wais inust come THE UNITED STATES AND SPAix, as recently conclud. whilst kings rule: but ships without men will not do ed at this place, by Mr. secretary Adams and dun much for us, and the statesman will see the necessi. Luis de Oris. ty of carefully fostering the foreign and coasting As the treaty, though ratified on our part, will not irade of our country, and of protecting our fsheries, be promulgated officially until it has also been rati. as qurseries of the means of defending us best. The fied by the sovereign of Spain, we shall state the progress of these is strictly compatible with the en- principal provisions, as distinctly as we have been couragement of domestic manufactures and home in- able to ascertain them, of this important instrumen:. duxiry--it is the latter that must furnish the means By this treaty, we understand that Florida, inof supporting our commerce in peace and navy including all the claims of Spain to territory east of

the Mississippi, is ceded in full sovereignty to the

United States. We shall conclude these hasty remarks, with the 'following extract from the London Morning Chroni

That the western boundary, between the territocle, of the 2nd of October last

ry of the United States and that of Spain, is adjust.

od as follows: Beginning with the mouth of the Sa. «We see a navy growing to such a magnitude on bine river, and running with the west bank thereof the other side of the Atlantic, that those who have to the north west limit of the state of Louisiana; our maritime superiority at heart have the best thence by a direct line north to the Red river: founded cause of apprehension. What are the funds thence along the south bank of that river to the one devoted to the increase of this navy which so justly hundredth degree of longitude; thence on that meri. alarms us! We are so accustomed to the expendia dian to the Arkansaw, and thence along the Arkan. ture of great sums for little objects, that we can ill saw to its source, in the forty second degree of form an idea of what great objects can be perform- north latitude, and thence upon that parallel to the ed by the expenditure of small sums by a really Pacific. economical government. The expense of the estab.

A sum, not exceeding five millions of doliars is to Lishment at Windsor exceeds the annual allocation be paid by the United States, out of the proceeds of for the rapid increase of the navy of America. It the sales of lands in Florida, or in stock or money, as exceeds, too, the whole of the civil expenditure of the congress may prescribe, to our own citizens, on a government which causes itself to be respected in account of spoliations and other injuries reccived by every quarter of the work? government which them from the government of Spain, or from the gohas never found any difficulty in obtaining men of vernments of the colonies of Spain. abilities in every department. The lay lords of the To liquidate the claims, a board is to be constiadmiralty. whom we are taught by ministers to look tuted by the government of the United States, of up to as the nation's hope, cost more than the whole American citizens, to consist of three commissio'sa of the United States' cah with the president ers, who are to make their report within three into the bargain. Yet the United States are better years. able to pay their public servants than we are. Let There is a mutual renunciation, on the part of the Us not be above taking a lesson from them, for, in two governments, of furthee claims on each other. truth, they can already give us not a few."

for spoliations, &c.

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