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remote frontier posts, we ought not to be sanguine | the United States, on such terms and conditions as in the expectation of aid to be derived from the ar- might be thought proper. In other cases, and where my in tbe construction of permanent military roads the army cannot be made to execute it, the work and canals, at a distance from the frontiers. When ought to be done by contract, under the superinour military posts come to be extended up the Mis- tendance and inspection of officers of the engineer sissippi and Missouri, as far as is contemplated, the corps, to be detailed for that purpose. It is thus military frontier of the United States, not including the government will be able, it is thought, to consinuosities, and the coasts of navigable bays and struct on terms at least as favorable as corporate lakes opening into our country, as was stated in a companies. The system of constructing all public former report, will present a line of more than 9000 works, which admit of it, by contract, would be atmiles, and, including them, of more than 11,000. tended with important advantages. It has recently Thinly scattered along so extensive a frontier it will been adopted in the contruction of fortifications, be impossible, I fear, without leaving some points and it is expected will be attended with beneficial exposed, to collect any considerable bodies in the effects. The principal works at Mobile and New interior of the country, to construct roads and ca.Orleans have been contracted for on terms considenals.

rably under the estimates of the engineers. Such a As connected with this subject, I would respect. system, extended to military roads and canals, comfully suggest the propriety of making an adequate bined with a careful inspection and superintendance provision for the soldiers, while regularly and con- by skilful engineers, will enable the government to tinually employed in constructing works of public complete them with economy, durability, and deutility. The present allowance is fifteen cents a spatch. day, which is considered sufficient in occasional fa. In the view which has been taken, I have thought tigue duty, such as is now done at most of the posts; it improper, under the resolution of the house, to but if systematic employ, on permanent works, discuss the constitutional question, or how far the should be made the regular duty of the soldiers, who system of internal improvements which has been can be spared for that purpose, a compensation, presented may be carried into effect on the princitaking into the estimate the obligation of the govern- ple of our government; and, therefore, the whole of ment to provide medical attendance and pensions to the arguments which are used, and the measures the deceased and disabled soldiers, not much short proposed, must be considered as depending on the of the wages of daily labor, ought to be granted to decision of that question. them. Without such provision, which is dictated The only military roads which have been comby justice, an increase of desertion, and difficulty in menced, are from Plattsburg to Sackett's Harbor, obtaining recruits, ought to be expected. Among

the through the Chateaugay country; from the southern leading inducements to enlist, is the exemption from boundary of the state of Tennessee, and crossing labor, and, if the life of a soldier should be equally the Tennessee river nearthe Muscle Shoals, to radi subjected to it as that of other citizens in the same sonville, Louisiana; and from Detroit to Fort Meigs, grade, he will prefer, if the wages are much inferior, at the foot of the Rapids of the Miami of the Lakes. to labor for himself, to laboring for the public. The Documents marked A. B. C. show the progress pay of a soldier is sixty dollars per annum, and, if he which have been made. These roads have been were allowed, when employed permanently on fa. commenced, and thus far completed by the labor of figue, twenty-five cents a day; and suppose him to the soldiers, who, while they are so employed, rebe employed 200 days in the year, his compensation, ceive fifteen cents per day, with an extra allowance including his pay, would be 150 dollars perannum-a of a gill of wbiskey. The labor of the troops is sum, it is thought, considerably short of the average the only means within the reach of the department, yages of labor. If this sum should be allowed, the of completing these roads; and, as the troops are so greater portion of it ought to be paid at the expira. employed, only when they are not engaged in active tion of the term of enlistment. "If fifteen cents a service, it is impossible to state, with accuracy, day were so reserved, and the soldier should be em- when the roads will be completed. ployed one thousand days in the five years for which

J. C. CALHOUN. be is enlisted, it would constitute a sum of one hun. The Hon. Henry Clay, dred and fifty dollars, to be paid at the expiration of Speaker of the house of representatives. his term, which ought, in the same manner as the

(A.) bounty land, be made to depend on an honorable

Head-quarters, Brownsville, discharge. This would furnish an important hold

6th December, 1818. on the fidelity of the soldier, and would be a power SIR-Your letter, covering a copy of one of the fol check on the great and growing crime of deser- 11th of August, calling for a report of the labor tion. An honorable discharge is now worth but lit- performed on the road leading from Sackett's Hartle to the soldier, and the consequence is, that deser- bor, through the Chateaugay country, is before me.. tions are more frequent with those enlisted since My letter of the 29th November, will inform you the war, than those who were then enlisted, and are what has been done, but I fear will not exhibit the entitled to the bounty in land on their honorable progress of this work to the extent you have expect. discharge. The latter patiently waits the expira- ed. It may, therefore, be proper to state, in this tion of his term of service, while the former fre- place, that when the president, in the autumn of quently seizes the first favorable opportunity for de. 1817,

directed the road in question to be opened sertion.

and improved, I did not understand, that the second Should congress think proper to commence a sys- regiment were to be ordered from the duty they tem of roads and canals for the more complete de- were then upon. This regiment, at the time refer. fence of the United States,” the disbursements of ed to, were employed, enclosing with pickets the the sums appropriated for the purpose might be public ground at Sackett's Harbor, and that duty made by the department of war, under direction of occupied them the remainder of the season. Exthe president. Where incorporate companies are peoting the troops at the Harbor would have been bready formed, or the road or canal commenced un employed in completing the barracks at that place der the superintendance of a st+te, it perhaps would this year, they were not put upon the road, but be advisable to direct a subscription on the part of allowed to be engaged in improving the public

GREAT BRITAIX AND IRELAND.

grounds for gardens; and, as these grounds were this season, to the Rapids, as the road would be use, new, it required much labor to put them in good less without the means of crossing the large streams condition.

The officers and soldiers who have been employed These causes, and the reasons assigned in my let- in this service deserve much credit for the real and ters froin this place and Plattsburg, produced the perseverance they have displayed on this occasion. delay that has occurred in putting col. Brady's co.n. The work they have perforined has proved highly mand upon the road, and, if your letter of the 11th beneficial, both to the people of the country and of of August had not been received upon my return to the government: Besides greatly adding to the this place, I fear that this work would not yet have defence and strength of this frontier, the road has been commenced.

been the means of developing the richness of the I pray you to believe, that I regret the delay, and public lands in this territory, and greatly augmentI beg you to see good cause for it in the reasons I ing their value. have endeavored to assign.

As soon as major Anderson, topographical engi. It is due to the command of col. Brady and col. neer, can complete the survey of the road, a more miAtkinson to say, that they have discovered not only nute and particular description of the work will be a becoming cheerfulness in obeying the orders re- forwarded. ceived for perfecting the Plattsburgh and Sackett's I have the honor to be, with great respect, sir, Harbor road, but much zeal in the performance of your obedient and very humble servant. this duty, and, if these regiments are continued upon

ALEX. MACOMB. this important work the next season, more than The Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of war, &c. &c. double the length of way will be completed, that has been passed the last and the present year. With respect, I have the honor to be, your obe.

Foreign Articles. dient servant,

JAC. BROWN, Hon. J. C. Calhoun, secretary of war.

Partial supplies of silver is furnished to the Lon(B.)

don bankers by the bank of England; and as the vaHEAD-QUARTERS, DIVISION OF THE SOUTH. lue of gold over bank notes had fallen, it was be

Adjutant general's office, lieved that some issues of it might soon be made

Nashville, September 19, 1819. with "safety.” SIR-On the eve of setting out for the Chickasaw The Catholics in England are said to amount to treaty, I deem it necessary to inform you, that nore- 300,000 persons-among whom, are 9 peers, and 17 ports have been received as yet, of a particular cha- baronets. Their spiritual government is vested racter, in relation to the military road now opening in four superiors, called Vicars Apostolic, deputfrom Columbia, Tennessee, to Madisonville; but I ed by the pope. Each has his peculiar district. am jabled to inform you officially, that fifty miles They have about 900 chapels in all, mostly erected have been completed by the troops on the lower within the last twenty-five years, 100 of which are part of the road, making many causeways and bridg- in Lancashire; besides the private chapels of counies of the most durable materials; and the detach- try gentlemen. ment on this end have progressed about forty miles The British duke of Devonshire, has given $10,000 south of Tennessee river, making in like manner, for the marble statue of Bonaparte's mother. many bridges and causeways.

In Stockport, a poor woman was lately sold, unIt is considered, that the most laborious part of the der an execution for the satisfying of one of those road has been completed; and, from every informa- extra church levies, so common now-a-days; and her tion, it has been done in the best manner. An in- Holy Bible was sold for three shillings, and purchased crease of men has been recently afforded to the de. by a gentleman of that town, as a curiosity contachment south of Tennessee river, which will ena- nected with the civilization of the 19th century. ble it to progress with much greater facility.

Mr. Sheriff Roberts, at the bar of the house, preShould I receive minute reports shortly, I shall sented a petition from the corporation of London, communicate their contents without delay. complaining of the crowded state of the goal of New

And have the honor to be, very respectfully, your gate, by the influx of Middlesex prisoners.--Mr. most obedient servant,

alderman Wood stated that the crowded state of the ROBERT BUTLER, Adjutant general, gaol was such, that 47 prisoners who were under Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of war.

the sentence of death, were confined in 15 cells. It (C.)

was a fact that sixteen persons convicted of an infaHEAD-QUARTERS, DETROIT, mous crime, were all confined in one room.

November 2, 1819. Brighton, March 13.–We are assured, that, a fev Sir I have the honor to report, that the military nights ago, the regent, in a merry mood, determined way, directed to be opened from this place to the to sup in the kitchen of the pavilion. A scarlet Rapids of the Miami, has progressed as far as the cloth was thrown over the pavement, a splendid reEight Mile Creek, that is within eight miles of the past was provided, and the good-humored prince Rapids, making in all a distance of seventy miles. sat down, with a select party of his friends, and spent The road is truly a magnificent one, being eighty ajoyous hour. The whole of the servants and parfeet wide, cleared of all the logs, and underbush, ticularly the female part, were, of course, delighted every low place causewayed, and all creeks and ri- with this mark of royal condescension! vers requiring it, bridged in a substantial manner. The number of causeways exceeds sixty, and the The inquisitor-general of Spain, has fulminated bridges are of considerable length. The one on his anathema against a work recently introduced in which the troops are now employed, is four hundred that country, entitled The coming of the Messinh in and fifty feet in length, constructed of strong oak his Majesty and Glory, by John Josaphal Ben Erza, framed work. It was found impossible to complete He orders all the copies of this work to be delivered the road to the Rapids this season, on account of the up, and prohibits its being in future, sold, kept, read, time and labor required in throwing bridges over or printed, under pain of the grand excommunicathe larger streams: it was also deemed more es- tion, and a fine of 200 ducats, to defray the expenses sential to complete the bridges, than cut the road of the holy office. He says, the book has occa.

SPÄIX.

GERMANY.

MEXICO,

sioned much disorder and anxiety in the minds of Upon which captain Wooster threw up his comTuany persons, the learned as well as the unlearned. mission, and the fleet sailed without him. The

marine of Chili is now wholly commanded by EnFrankfort, March 27.—There is said to be a great glishmen. It was understood that the British frimisunderstanding between the courts of Berlin and gate Andromache was at Lima, taking in five millions Hesse Cassel. The Prussian minister has quitted of dollars, which it was suspected that Cochrane Cassel to return to Berlin, and the Hessian minister would endeavor to intercept, under the pretence at Berlin is understood to have been recalled. that she was violating her neutral character. The RAYTJ.

U. S. sloop Ontario also carried a million, or more, The account seems confirmed, that there is an in- of dollars from Lima, which she delivered at Rio surrection in that part of Hayti under the controul Janeiro-when she stopped at Valparaiso, and it of president Boyer; who had concentrated'a consi- was known that she had the money on board, under derable force at Jeremie, to which place he was an apprehension that they would attempt to seize about to embark in a frigate, to commence active it as Spanish property, capt. Biddle suddenly left operations against the revolted chief, whose name is the port. We should like to hear the details of this Goma.

affair, if the report is true.

The communication of Buenos Ayres with the inBy an official despatch from "col. Don Jose Bara- terior, was rendered very difficult by wandering dos," who clairos a victory over gen. Victoria, we hordes of Indians, called Montoneros. Bodies of learn that the empire of Ferdinand is not fully “re-troops had been marched against them, without any stored” in Mexico. The col boasts of the cap-decisive advantage, as they are well mounted and ture of "thirty English muskets in very fine order.” careful to avoid a regular attack. A partial muSOUTH AMERICA,

tiny took place at Buenos Ayres, among the miMcGregor hæs landed, with 1500 men, a little to litia blacks on being harangued to much against the windward of Porto Bello a favorable position those Indians. The regular troops are nearly all to communicate with the revolutionists of the dif. m Chili or on the frontiers of Peru, and the militatrent districts. Another account says, he bad only ry duties of the city are performed by the militia.about 400 soldiers and 100 seamen; reinforcements It was reported, that orders had been sent to gen. being expected.

San Martin to march his troops to Buenos Ayres Com. Joli has captured many vessels, prizes to probably on account of the expected expedition privateers under the Artigas flag:- The La Popa from Cadiz. It was thought that San Martin would privateer had also been captured by him, and was be chosen supreme director. expected to be treated as a pirate. Brion was cruiz The royal Spanish general Ordonnis, and 32 other ing to catch a pirate. l'hese are Venezuelan squad. Spanish officers, being prisoners at "the 6 mile San rons, and we are much pleased to find that they are Luis," attempted to seize upon the governor and determined to maintain the laws of civilized nations. make their escape, by violence, though they seem They are on good terms with the Danes at St. Tho- to have been treated in the most hospitable manner. mas.

They were all put to death, Margaretta is a very strong place-600 English The congress," on the 12th Dec. last by a public troops lately arrived there. We have many rumors / decree acknowledged Chili “as a free state, soveof battles on the main, but know not how to separate reign and independent, with all the attributes and truth from romance.

plenitude of power, which are inherent to the great We have news from Buenos Ayres to the 10th of and elevated character," and in form waited on the March, by the arrival of W.G. D. Worthington, esq. chief deputy residing in Buenos Ayres. Late consul there, at New York. Mr. W. left Chili QrIt is openly announced in the Belfast News on the 29th of Jan. and made the journey across the Letter, of Jan. 22, that col. Urslar's rifle regiment, country, computed at 420 leagues, in 21 days. It of 1000 picked men, had been completed, and that was reported, after he had left Chili, that the U. S. the last detachment had sailed for Sonth America! frigate Macedonian had arrived at Valparaiso. —that a house of the first respectability had offered

Our president's message on opening the late ses him assistance to the amount of 100,0001, sterling.-sion of congress, had been received. They were Mention is also made of the sailing of 400 other disappointed as to an expected recognition of their troops, from Hamburg and Cruxhaven, who are to independence, but do not seem impatient about it. form a part of the cavalry under colonel Urslar.

Chili is entirely freed of the royal forces—Lord The following is a copy of a large handbill, pub. Cochrane, in command of a very handsome fleet, licly posted up in all parts of the city of Dublin: was at Valparaiso, preparing an expedition to the 1st rifle regiment, South America, army of Venezuecoast of Peru, by which it appears that Lima hadla and New Granada, commanded by gen. Bolivar, sua not been taken, as reported.

preme chief of Venezuela and the Granadas. Lord Cochrane's squadron put to sea suddenly on The most flattering encouragement will be given. the 14th Jan.from Valparaiso, in pursuit of tuo spa- to such young men, of good character, as shall be nish frigates that they had information had sailed found qualified for gen. Devereaux's Irish legion, from Lima for Panama-- they were also to make a about to sail direct for the head quarters of the sudash at the harbor of Lima. The Chilian and Bue. preme chief; none but effective and spirited men nos Ayrean army under San Martin, about 3500 need apply; well disciplined soldiers who have their strong, was to embark for the siege of Lima as soon discharges, will be preferred, and will find this a as the fleet returned to transport them. Capt. most favorable opportunity to improve their fortunes Wooster, who commanded the O'Higgins frigate, and acquire a handsome provision for themselves for resigned his commission just previous to the sailing life. Application to be made to col. Meade, 39, lowof the fieet. The reason assigned for it is this: lord er Ormond Quay. Cochrane sent on board the frigate an order for her Every volunteer will receive, viz: 1st. Four pence to be ready for sea in four hours, to which captain in the shilling more than the British army, from Wooster sent an answer that it was impossible the day of enrolling their names. 2d. A passage Cochrane immediately repeated his order, 'adding to head quarters, with 60 dollars on arriving: 3d. that the word impossible was not in his vocabulary. / 1 lb. of beef or pork, 1 lb. of bread, 14 lbs. of pota.

toes, 1 naggin [a gill] of whiskey per day. 4th., he was first lieutenant of the South Carolina friOatmeal and butter, &c. &c. on the passage. 5th gate. A proportionate share of land, captures, and prize also, in Kent county, Maryland, Thomas S. money. 6th. 200 acres of land, with eighty dol- Smith, esq. in his 89th year. He was a member of lars to purchase implements of agriculture. 7th. the convention that formed the constitution of this A full discharge and leave to sell the land, with a free state in 1776, and a member of the council of safety passage home, if required, after five years service. during the revolution. A corporal to have 250 acres, and a sergeant 300, - also, in Massachusetts, Jonathan Cogswell, colour do. 350, and so on in proportion. Every cor.esq. aged 79, an officer of the revolution, a member poral, well recommended, will be made a sergeant, of the convention of that state which ratified the every sergeant, a colour serjeant with the strong constitution of the U. S. and for several years a mem est assurance of promotion according to their gal- ber of congress. lant and soldier-like conduct.

Louisiana. At the late session of the legislature, To sail on the 18th of April next, from Dublin. the following resolution received the sanction of

The reflections arising out of these facts are both branches of the legislature, and the approbacurious-the British are playing a deep game, tion of the governor: helping Ferdinand on one side, and opposing him Resolved, by the senate and house of representatives on the other.

of the state of Louisiana, in general assembly conven

ed, That the governor of this state be required to CHRONICLE.

solicit from the president of the United States, to

order that a sufficient naval force be stationed on The president of the United States reached our coasts, to protect them against the depreda. Charleston on the 26th ult. on his southern tour. He tions of the pirates which desolate them, and which is every where received with great attention and impede our communications with Vera Cruz and respect, but there is much less pomp and parade other Spanish ports in the gulf of Mexico. than took place on his eastern journey.

Rhode Island. The general election was held in The U. S. corvette John Adams has arrived at this state on the 21st ult. and eventuated in the re. Norfolk from Havana. We have not heard any parti- election, without opposition, of the present repubculars of her voyage.

lican General officers. A majority of republicans The Mediterranean squadron, by late advices, all is also chosen for the house of repersentatives. Evewell. Com. Stewart had just learnt that the Tuni- ry branch of the government is therefore republisians had obliged some American vessels to shew can. their “Mediterranean passes," and had left Messina

From the Alabama Courier, April 9. A gentleman to tell them that they must desist from the proce- direct from the land sales at Cahaba, states: that in dure.

consequence of a combination of the land specula

tors, the sales have been postponed. The company, A steam boat of seven hundred tons, bas been consisting of about forty, deposited one thousand Taunched at New York.

dollars each, and agreed not to bid over two dol. East India missions. We see that the public be- lars per acre for any land which might be offered. nevolence is called upon at New York, in support That two valuable townships were bid off at that of certain missionaries about to depart for the East price, when the Register ordered the sales to be Indies—to proclaim the gospel to the heathen. Now, postponed. These townships were then sold at if we had no room for the exercise of such functions auction by the company, and the net profit arising at home, this might be well enough—but our own In- from the resale of the land amounted to S1980 to dians require the attentions of the religious and hu- each individual concerned. We presume that the mane, in our opinion, quite as much as those in the gentlemen speculators formed their plans on the East.

commonly received principle, that the public is a New York. The election for members of the goose, and that while its enchanting plumag'e offersenate and assembly of this state, was held last week. ed so many temptations to pluck a few feathers, no There are three distinct political parties in New other danger was to be apprehended than that of York--two calling themselves republican and the being hissed at! other federal. As far as the returns are received, Indians.-By a report made to the assembly of that branch of the republican party opposed to gov. New York, it appears that the whole number of India Clinton, seems to have succeeded—in the city, in ans within it, is 4976. Oneidas, 1031. The land the choice of assemblymen, the average majority possessed by all the Indians, is 271,323 acres—By against the friends of the gov. was 2,301 votes; for the Oneidas, 20,000. All the land is estimated at senators, the majority on the same side was about $1,626,000. 850 over the«Clintonian,” and 500 over the federal Col. Trumbull. By a letter received from the duke ticket.

of Ischia (the celebrated Canova) we learn, that our An arch bridge, on a new construction, has been distinguished countryman, Col. Trumbull, has been recently erected over Onion river, near Montpel. elected a member of the royal academy, at N.ples. lier, in Vermont. It is said to be “composed of six- An act of liberality honorable to our country and to tv-nine string pieces, thirty feet in length, and ten the individual who received it. N. Y. paper. inches by eleven and a half in size; together with twelve thwarts, or cross pieces, twenty two feet tent had been taken out is the city of Washington

A new application of steam.-We hear that a pao long, seven inches by fourteen; forming one entire to apply steam, in the place of gun-powder, to proarch one hund ed and ninety-five feet long, and twen, pel balls, &c. from cannon &c. We are assured ry broad; zei!h not a single mortice, tenon, bolt, or band that much confidence is reposed in this discovery, about it. The whole expence of the bridge did not and much expectation is excited as to the effects to exceed two hundred dollars.''

be produced bythis new application of steam. Press. Died, lately, at Marblehead, capt. Nathan Bart New London April 7. Sailed, sloop Macdonough, lett, aged 70 -a naval liero of the revolution, having Colt, for New York. Went passenger the celebrafaithfully served as an officer in several public vessted Massachusetts Hog-girts 73 feet, and weighis sels of war from 1776 to the latterend of 1781, when I 1100, on a visit to the New York mammoth turtle.

NEV SERIES. No. 12—Vol. IV.) BALTIMORE, MAY 15, 1819. [No. 12-Vol. XVI. W!!OLE No. 402

THE PAST-THE PRESENT FOR THE FUTURE.

PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY I. NILES, AT $5 PER ANNUM, PALABLE IN ADVANCE,

PROPOSITION THE FIRST.

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Domestic Industry. The essays, published by the provement is putting forth her powerful hand-scisanction of the Philadelphia society for promoting ence is brought in aid of nature; capital is raised and domestic industry, and re-publishing in the Regis- labor casts the waters of the lakes through naviga. riu, have had the widest circulation of any series of ble channels into the ocean, rivers are cleared of papers that we have met with for years--and they their obstructions, and artificial strcams groan deserve universal attention.

bencath the rich burthens of commerce - the vast

interior is penetrated by shipping; permanent roads Mitigation of Slavery-No. 2.

are constructed, and the shores of roaring torrents

are united by magnificent bridges. “Unconquered “That slavery must, at some future day, be abo- most distant places together by its agency, and in.

steam,” whose utility is yet in its infancy, brings the lished in the United States. There is no man who troduces uniformity of habits and manners by the believes that God is just, or affects a veneration facility which it affords to friendly communication; for our republican institutions, that can bear the the product of our forest finds a ready passage to assurance to his own mind, that this blot, or curse, the sea-board to meet the market of the world, and is to remain as long as our country endures.” the rich commodities of Asia are in common use a When we mentally survey the fair country which thousand miles from the ocean. À LIIGUTY PROVIDESCE has given to us to inhabit, Nor is our political history less interesting. A and reflect upon the light and knowledge he has few years ago, and all this vast country was the hadispensed that we might ascertain our rights as men, bitation of savage tribes, thinly scattered through and esteem as we ouglit the natural and moral ca- the woods, continually at war with each other, and pacities within us to maintain a national indepen- mainly depending upon the uncertain chase for subdence-there is no transition of thought that can be sistence. As light dawned in the old world, and less satisfactory than when our attention is turned man began to discern his privileges and esteem to the condition of our slaves. This land of free-l his rights, a spirit grew up to maintain them. dom,” “the asylum of the oppressed of all nations” Kingcraft and pricstcraft had so long lordled it over

- triumph of reason," and "hope of humanity," the persons and consciences of men, that many sup; sinks in our estimation when we remember, that posed there was a “divine right” in them, as to all more than one seventh part of the whole population is temporal and spiritual things and, as the former, composed of miserable men, the property of others, most impudently dared to treatits subjectas beasts liable to be disposed of like horses or högs, except made for its use—so the other, most impiously, af: in regard to life and limh.

fected a power to condemn to punishment after Behold the regions of the republic-bounded on death, for non-compliance to priestly will while liv. the north by the St. Lawrence and the wonderful ing!--Our forefathers partially judged these things chain of inland seas, and on the south washed by as they ought, and for conscience-sake, preferred tithe gulf of Mexico, and extending from the at. hertyand the woods, beset with savages and beasts lantic ocean on the east to the Pacific on the west; of pres, to oppression and the “flesh pots” of the indented by numerous bays, watered by unrivalled land of their ancestors. Determined to possess streams, diversified by lofty mountains, fruitful val- the right of managing their own affairs between lies, immense forests and delightful plains: fitted to themselves and their Creator, according to the every constitution of the human system, and pro- convictions of their own understanding, they left ductive of all that man wants and most of the good all that fastens so powerfully on the heart of man things which he enjoys; darting to eminence and as connected with the idea home, and encountered approaching the political sun with the daring flight the perils of a then terrifying yovage across the Atof an eagle; fitted to prosper in peace, and qualified lantic, to meet with new and uniried difficulties to triumph in war. Apparently destined by Heaven and privations in a strange land, yet almost as rude to command the respect of the world; to negociate as nature had left it. It was this principle that chiefnations into justice and repose-"a terror to evil ly settled the states east of Maryland, and partly doers and a praise to them that do well:"'* to teem Maryland, also; but those to the youth were parti. with uncounted millions of intelligent and high spinally planted under the care of the British governrited men and become the grand depository of all ment, and, herein, perhaps, we may discover the the arts useful or ornamental to mankind. Lo!-im- principal cause of the introduction of a population

into the latter which every good man now regrets. *Since the preceding was in type, we accidently Though thus differently planted, there was one met with the following extract from a speech of subject on which the people of all the colonies were Patrick Henry, in the general assembly of Virginia:-pretty general agreed, when union was necessary

“I venture to prophecy there are those now liv. to give force to their will. Having brought witin ing, who will see this favored land amongst the them very liberal opinions of men and things, and most powerful on earth-able, sir, to take care of enjoying for many years a great degree of freedom herselt

, without resorting to that policy which is al- of intellect and action, they naturally became reways so dangerous, though sometimes unavoidable, publicans, C as to themselves), and when the time of calling in foreign aid. Yes, sir-they will see her arrived at which the mother country” thought it great in arts and in arms--her golden harvests way. an object to oppress them, they resisted and uning over fields of immeasurable extent-her com-furled the standard of rebellion; they succeeded, merce penetrating the most distant seas, and her and courtesy has softened their opposition to the tannon silencing the vain boasts of those who now royai will into the term rezolution--such is the vile pronilly affect to rule the waves."

sycophancy of mari, who measures right by power! VOL XVI-14.

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