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This proceeding seems very much to have alarm- peers had chiefly taken their seats, without further ed the good royalists of France, and not a little dis- opposition. pleased those of England, also. On the 8th, the

Eighty-two of the present peers of France being French chamber of peers was on the point of be, without heirs—some more new nobles are to be made coming a scene of commotion—it is said that several to keep up the important breed. There is some even grasped their swords! It was on the proposi- talk that the king, notwithstanding his age and infirtion of count Lamoignon to protest against the roy- mities, is to be married again. al ordinance—but the president put an end to bis Late accounts from Nismes represent that city as speech by suddenly adjourning the sitting, in the a scene of confusion and disorder. No actual mur. middle of his harangue!

ders had been committed, but it was every day apSome of the English papers appear deeply con- prehended that the butcheries of 1815, when many cerned on account of this thing;of calling to the ser- protestants were killed, would be repeated. Some vice of the crown its ancient enemies,”and asks“why priests, are doubtless, at the bottom of this business. are not the manes of Ney and Labadoyere propitiat. The protestants were prepared for to make battle, ed by some posthumous atonement?"-they having if attacked; and resolved not to be killed off unresistbeen of the same class of men now cherished, &c. ing. It is, probably, the great talents of these men that The memoirs of count Las Cases have been seizthe English do not like. It is suspected that the ed at the booksellers-unpublished. king of France has acted thus to strengthen himself London, March 25. We have received the Paris and

his ministry against the ultra royalists, who journals of last Qunday. The finance minister openwould be glad if the country were to retsgrade to ed to the chamber of deputies the ways and means that state of things when Englishmen always called for the current year; which he said would be suffi. the Frenchmen (slaves."

cient to meet the expenditure without recurring to The following list will shew the political charac- fresh taxes. ter of the new batch of peers created by the king of The total demands of the public service lave France.

been already stated at 889,210,000 francs-more than Marshals of Bonaparte

6 equivalent, as we observed on a former occasion, to Members of the house of peers of the 100 days 22 37,000,0001. Of the ways and means described by Members of the house of represeutatives of the the minister, the following are the principal items. 100 days

3 viz. Ministers of Bonaparte


Francs. Lieutenant generals of Bonaparte

3 Direct contributions on land tax 393,558,000 Apothecaries

2 Domains, registry, and stamp duties 163,566,000 Unknown peers

6 Forests

17,600,000 Decided Royalist

1 Customs

113,013,003 The struggle between the liberales and ultras is Indirect contributions including sale of hastening to a crisis--and one or the other must go tobacco

174,834,000 completely down.

Post duties

22,460,000 The chamber of peers of France was composed of Lottery (“more necessary in its produce 208 members, not including the sons of France, the than desirable in its nature,”)

12,500,000 princes of the blood, and the chancellor, president Salt

5,298,500 of the chamber. The royal ordinance, increases the Rentes not yet negociated, remaining in number to 270.

the treasury from the loan of last year, St. Jean d'Angely who had obtained permission the public having been already debited to return to France, arrived at Paris March 10, and with their amount

5,180,009 died the day after of the gout in the stomach. Deduction from salaries, &c.

11,200,000 A certain woman wished a second husband while her first was living. The latter had been transported Francs

889, 209,000 for life, for some offence against the state, and was On the presentation of a projet de loi on the precivilly dead. She carried her case through the dif- ceding estimates, a debate took place, which was ferent courts, and at last accomplished her purpose. conducted so disorderly, that the president was disSuch appears to be the law of France; at which the respected and the assembly broke up in great con. attorney-general expressed his regret.

fusion. The frontier towns of France, dismantled by the

NAPOLEON BONAPARTE. allies, are preparing to be put in a state of defence. The Austrian commissioner who accompanied Na'

Clerical venality. The French bishops have poleon to St. Helena, has returned to Vienna. Rethought fit to write to his majesty a letter, pressing port says that the exile is writing his own life, and him to put in execution the concordat concluded by that permission has been granted to his mother to M. Blacas, with the holy see, but never yet submit- send him two priests and the plate and furniture ted to the approbation of the French legislature, necessary for a chapel. A letter from St. Helena, from a well grounded belief, as we have always dated Dec. 23, 1818, says “No person is now seen heard, that the treaty would be there rejected. The to speak to general Bertrand, or even to poor Mabishops do not pray the king to lay the concordat dame Bertrand, as (independent of the proclamabefore the chambers, but they urge him to enforce tion) sir Hudson Lowe has officially prohibited any it and act upon it, without the consent of those intercourse with them.” two bodies, by virtue of his own supreme will and It also gives a hideous description of the newabsolute prerogative! - They tell him, in so many house erecting for his accommodation (or tomb}, words, that as the charter emanated from his own says that he has not received the new physician sent supreme will, so his will is its sole interpreter; and, to him, spoken to an Englishman since July last, or in fact that he may put what meaning upon any, or been seen out further than the balcony in front all of its provisions, that best suits the royal pleasure of his room. and judgment, without the control or interference of any assembly wbatever!

Paris paper. A German paper estimates the fortune of the Later. We have Paris dates of March 29-the prince of Peace at 100,000,000 Spanish dollars, of



which 40,000,000 are said to be deposited in Eng Accounts by way of Trinidad, of the 15th of tand, and 10,000,000 in France.

March, announce the retreat of the royal army over In Spain they speak loudly of sending 20,000 men, the Arauca, exceedingly harrassed hy gen. Paez,who in a body, to America—it is estimated that this num. had skilfully avoided a general action, and yet said ber would require 100,000 tons of shipping, or 300 to have cut off' 1400 of Morillo's force. ReinforceTessels.

ments were marching to join Paez, and it is now said Madrid, Feb. 23. Nothing is talked of here but that the royalists will be annihilated, and the inde. the marriage of our sovereign. It appears that the pendence of Venezuela secured in the present camchoice is divided between a princess of Sardinia and paign! Last week, the reports were exactly the one of Saxony; but the most general opinion is, that

contrary. we shall have for queen, a daughter of the king of The English soldiers, of whom as before reportSardinia:

ed, it appears that 3000 have arrived, had not yet

been in action. Morillo's men are represented as A letter dated at Palermo, on the 4th of March, skeletons, from the hardships they have undergone, says, “We have had most dreadful weather here and in their retreat they have to cross 400 miles of these last fourteen days, with three heavy shocks of plains, harrassed constantly by Paez's cavalry, 2500 an earthquake, which has done much mischief on men. the south part of the island, throwing down church

Laguira is blockaded by Brion and Taylor. The es, and destroying whole villages. Much damage former has attacked the royal squadron in the bay of has also taken place among the shipping.”

Cumana-result not known. Important events, may Pompeii still furnishes many precious works of be daily expected. Would that Venezuela was reantiquity. A beautiful bronze vase, encrusted with lieved of this exterminating war! The population of silver, and an admirable bronze statue of Apollo, of the country has been reduced more than one half the usual size of a man, in the act of sacrificing the since the revolution began. family of Niobe, have lately been found.

St. Thomas, March 30, “By a vessel just arrived GENMANY.

from Curracoa, news had been received by a vessel A private letter from Manheim, dated the 230 arrived there from Carthagena, that the governor of inst. announces, that M. de Kotzebue was assassinat. Panama had written to the governor of Carthagena, ed on that day by a student, and that the latter im- for all the forces he could muster for his succor, as mediately committed suicide with the same poniard he dreaded an instant attack from the independent which had been the instrument of his crime. Both army, which after having taken Lima, was then adinstantly expired on the spot-Journal de Paris.

vancing rapidly to the northward, nu doubt to atThe states of Hanover have assembled again. A tack his post. It is also stated, that of the feet which reduction in the army, which is to commence on the some time ago had sailed from Spain for Peru, the 1st of May, has been determined upon. It will fall crew of one vessel had mutinied, and carried her inchiefly on the infantry, which will be reduced from to Valparaiso, giving information that the rest of the 30 to 20,000 men. The military establishments, also, squadron were in a similar state. On receiving these are to cost two millions of dollars, instead of two accounts, the government of Valparaiso immediateand a half.

ly despatched the same vessel, together with the The German papers contain some accounts of the the rest of the squadron then in port, to intercept universities of Germany, from which it appears that them, which they accordingly effected; and after there are eight thousand four hundred and twenty one exchanging a few shot, the whole Spanish fleet students in the several universities; in Gottingen 770, joined them. They immediately proceeded to CalHalle 500, Berslau 366, Heidelburg 363, Giessen lao, under the Spanish flag, forwarded the dispatch, 241, Marbourg 197, Riel 107, Rostock 160, Griess es taken on board the squadron, to the viceroy, and wald 55, Landsfurd 640, Tubenjen 698, Berlin 942, | debarked the whole of their forces, which were reLeipsic 911, Jena 634, Vienna 957, Prague 880.

ceived with every demonstration of joy. They im

mediately set out for Lima, and took peaceful posThe emperor has issued an ordinance by which session of that city, the government supposing them all peasants in the empire are authorised to estab

o be friends."

Philad. Gaz. lish manufactories, a right which they did not be- jt fore possess, but which was limited to the nobility, and to the merchants of the first and second class.

Interesting Operation.





A wonderful spring was lately discovered in Swe- Extract of a letter from Lewisburg, Penn, dated den-it was revealed to a woman by an invisible

March 29, 1819. spirit-the whole kingdom was astonished at the “Agreeably to thy request, I will now furnish thee cures performed by its waters! it was consecrated by with a statement of facts relative to my patient, the name of the “Miraculous Fountain,” on which whose case I mentioned when I last had the plea: occasion many religious ceremonies took place!- sure of seeing thee. By a careful analysis, this fountain is proved to af Elizabeth Consor, aged 24 years, was born with ford nothing but good pure spring water!!! cataracts in both eyes; in early childhood she could

see a little, but never well enough to avoid running A district of this island, under the sway of presi. against objects, that were not of a very light color; dent Boyer, called Gran-de-Ause, is in a state of in- as she advanced in years, the sense of vision gradu. surrection. King Henry, it is stated, lately received ally diminished, and at length she become totally a present of a bible from a gentleman of Massachu- blind. Betts, and gave him in return a draft for six thousand Being a very beautiful young woman and of most dollars, in a letter of thanks-written with his owa interesting manners, she was addressed by a decent royal hand.

young mechanic, who married her. About a year

afterwards she became a mother. On occasion of A col. Egre has raised in Galway, Ireland, two re- the illness of herinfant, I had an opportunity of seeing giments of 1200 men each, for service in New Grena- the mother for the first time. Upon examining her da, South America.

eyes, I recommended an operation to which she


cheerfully consented; and on the 20th December Sunday last, in 21 days from Liverpool--they sailed last, her left eye was successfully operated on. No on the same day, and continued in sight of each pain or inflammation succeeded, and about 8 days other nearly the whole of the voyage. afterwards, I removed the dressings, and permitted The new Russian minister to the United States, her a limited enjoyment of the blessings of vision; Mr. Poletica, has arrived at New York. her raptures were indescribable. Her newly ac Mr. John Randolph is elected to congress, from quired sense was, however, from want of habit, of Virginia. very little service to her for several days she was Travelling. The route between New York and unable to estimate the distances of objects and was Philadelphia has been travelled by the “citizens perpetually in fear of running against every thing line” of coaches, in 8 hours and 35 minutes at the she saw. On the day of removing the bandage for rate of 114 miles


hour! the first time, I requested her to designate her hus Marriage. A young lady near Philadelphia, has band, who, with several others, was present; this received a verdict of $2,000 against a scoundrel she was enabled to do by hearing him breathe, or who promised her marriage, and seduced her. by some slight noise that he made.

Another person a "preacher of a certain religious On the 27th Feb. last, I performed the opera- society," has been brought in for 15,000 dollars in a tion on her right eye: my success in this case was similar case, we suppose, in North Carolina- this instantaneous-the cataract was removed whole out sum was regarded as the value of half his estate. A of the axis of vision, while that in the left eye being case of crim. con, has also been tried in that state, in soft, was only broken up and lacerated by the instru. which the amount of the verdict was 1000 dollars. ment, and dissolved by the aqueous humor. No The plaintiff had left his wife in search of employ. pain or inflammation followed the last operation, ment—he was absent but a few months, during which and she is now visiting and receiving visits of her the defendant, by regular license, married the wofriends. She can see without glasses to thread a man! needle; and so soon as she gets a pair of suitable Sales of bank notes. Since our last, the notes of spectacles, she intends learning to read and write. the banks south of Maryland have depreciated very

If this woman, when totally blind, was an object of much. Those of North and South Carolina and Georlove, what must her value be now in the estimation gia cannot be shaved in Baltimore for less than 4 or of her husband? I am very happy to have it in my 5 percent. and those of Kentucky and Tennessee are power to say her husband seems fully sensible of at from 10 to 15 per cent. discount! A pretty busithe value of his wife, and very worthy of her affec-ness, truly: tion. Thy sincere friend,

Before the circuit court of the state of Kentucky at Bardstown, was tried towards the close of the last

month, a suit for slander, in which Miss Des Marsley, CHRONICLE.

alias Mrs. Fishley, was plaintiff, and Mr. Fishley, of Died on the 23d ult. at his residence near Balti- Louisville, defendant. After a trial of two days, more, Alexander C. Hanson, esq. a senator of the U. the jury being permitted to retire, brought in a ver States, in the 33rd year of his age.

dict for the plaintiff, and assessed the damages at at Sackett's Harbor, on the 14th inst. lieut. twenty-seven thousand nine hundred dollars. This is a Lewis German, of the U. S. navy-abrave and meri- curious case, for the parties had been married, and torious officer. He was in the Constitution when the husband, the defendant, lad in a few days after she captured the Guerriere and Java.

marriage deserted his wife. However, the verdict, Maine. The separation of Maine from Massachu- it appears, falls to the ground, the judge having setts is agitated. It should reasonably take place, decided, that the marriage being a legal one, a suit and will, no doubt, happen before long.

for slander could not be maintained by the wife The 5th U. S. reg. of infantry is to embark at De against the husband.

Nat, Int, troit for Green Bay, thence ascend the Fox river in batteaux to the portage-when the boats will be

From the London Statesman of March 10. drawn across the portage (about one mile) and the

On America's rising greatness.-By looking over troops re-embark on the Ouisconsin, descend :o its the newspapers of the three great sea-ports of Amemouth and thence ascend the Mississippi to the St. rica, any man without being a statesman, may disPeter's river.

cover the gigantic growth of this infant state in the Pensioners. It is stated that the number of revo- new world, but if the politician examines its treaties lutionary pensioners, who are now receiving their with the different powers it is connected with, he semi-annual dividend at the branch bank in Middle- cannot but discoverits wise and firm policy. Nothing town, (Con.) exeeeds 1200, all residents of the state can shake it in any one respect. Even with Great of Connecticut, and the total amount paid to them Britain it has so far gained its point with respect to exceeds $120,000 per annum.

the great article of the fisheries, that a middle-aged Gen. Gaines intends to fix his head-quarters on man may, live to see the tune when the Americans Sullivan's island, for the summer months. At a din. will enquire of us what business we have to fish on nergiven to the general by the citizens of Savannah, their shores and beds. In fact, our state is attenuat. the following toast was given by Mr. Harney.

ing by luxury and extravagance, their's is acquiring «The defender of Fort Erie

additional strength by temperance and economy. By foes though outnumbered, the fight he maintains: Sir W. Jones ('tis thought in the Nuse Recal'd) While their losses they mourn, we rejoice in our GAINES."

Beyond the vast Atlantic deep The Ontario sloop of war, capt. Biddle, has arriv.

A dome hy viewless Genii had been rais'd; ed at Annapolis, last from Pernambuco, in 29 days,

The walls of adamant, compact and steep, from a two years cruise in the Pacific Ocean, &c.

The portals with sky-tinctured gems emblaz'd Emigration. · A considerable number of persons There on a lofty throne shall virtue stand; are arriving in the United States-chiefly from Eng To her the youth of Delaware shall kneel, land.

And when her smiles rain plenty o'er the land, Sociability. Three ships arrived at New York on Bow, Tyrants, bow beneath th’avenging steel,


NEW SERIES. No. 11-Vol. IV.)

BALTIMORE, MAY 8, 1819. [No.11-Vol. XVI. WHOLE No.4)



We intend to offer a few remarks upon each of Mitigation of Slavery-No. 1.

the following propositions, and some of them may One of the subjects proposed to be discussed in be accompanied with considerable details and stá. the present volume, was the amelioration of the tistical representations of faets, to elucidate their condition of our slaves with a view to the present subject: and future benefit of all the parties interested; and 1. Î'hat slavery must, at some future day, be aboespecially to prepare the way for the well-being of lished in the United States. There is no man who such persons of color as may become legally emanci. believes that God is just, or affects a veneration pated.

for our republican institutions, that can bear the This subject is one of the highest importance. It assurance to his own mind, that this blot, or curse, is encompassed with difficulties and most fruitful in

is to remain as long as our country endures. errors of opinion; for men judge differently, on mat-2. That it is true wisdom to exalt the minds of the ters of policy, though they may generally agree in slaves--to invest them with correct ideas of the the right, as they are differently educated. On the

moral duties, and encourage them in the acquirebroad question, ought slavery to exist? there would

ment of a qualified property. be very few in the affirmative: but, on that, shall we 3. On the proper means of checking the propagacause its existence to cease? we should be much

tion of the slave-species--Among others, by nar. divided-and, if it were decided in the affirmative,

rowing the extent of country in which they shall the manner of it would be severely disputed; and

be permitted to exist, with a notice of the late demany, perbaps, hopeless of coming to a safe conclu

bates, &c. in congress about allowing the introsion about it, would relax into the indifference of

duction of slavery into the regions west of the necessity or despair.

Mississippi, It is the policy in some sections of our country, to 4. That the present emancipation of slaves in the keep the free people of color as well as the hives, southern states should not be extensively supportin the grossest ignorance possible-to de prieten

ed, unless efficient provision is made for separating as far as practicable, of capacioning the tree negroes from those who are not-the and deny them the mean of improvemento sin mixture is fatal to the progress of improvement in them into the bestial state orlaboritig machines. Henced both, and at open war with the safety of the percertain of the laws passed in respect to persons sons and property of the white population; and color, are calculated to chill the blood of those who must remain so, until the practices recommended regard them as men,

in the second proposition have had operatiun. On the other hand, in some parts orumon the 5. That the states in which slavery is not allowed, people are clamorous for emancipation, without

should offer every reasonable facility and encou. considering the consequences that must ro It from

ragement to free people of color wishing to reside it, affecting almost equall; the welfare of the eman

therein; and adopt some measures to lessen the cipated and the safety of their late masters. They say,

prejudices and antipathies of the whites, in quaand say truly, that it is wrong to hold slaves: in their

lifying the blacks to attain a respectabanding present state, however, we hold the opinion, that it

in society. would be almost as wrong, speaking generally, to

The range of discussion afforded in

propo. grant them their freedom, --having no hope of the sitions will

, probably, embrace every thing dat ve success of the colonization scheme, except as to desire to say on the subject, and occApy as much the object to which the present attention of the so- time and room as we can allow to it now-andule ciety, as noticed in our last Registen, is direct. shall proceed with it leisurely, in the hope that ed, in which every good man must feel willing to some little good may result from it. aid them. To prevent the introduction of a slave, is much more interesting and important than the export of a freemau of color, and much easier done. Hints on Domestic Manufactures. We are aware that the thing we are now about to

Every intelligent m:n now sees, and many begin enter upon is exceedingly delicate. The mere to feel the necessity of applying the surplus labor of mention of it rouses the angry passions of one party the people of the United States, to furnish commoalmost to rage, and the other responds in the warm dities for their own wants. We cannot much lon. language of an honest, but miscalculating enthusi- ger, be "buyers of [foreign) bargains,” because we asi!. Hating as we do-most solemnly, sincerely cannot pay for them. There is also an increased and religiously hating, all sorts of slavery- whether spirit of patriotism among us, to encourage all sorts the subjects of it be white men, as in Europe, or of domestic manufactures. The balance of trade black men, as in America; whether inflicted by prin- has long been against us, and nothing prevented us ces, priests or planters, and whether it affects that from being as "hewers of wood” to the manufacliberty of person or freedom of mind, which it pleas- turers of Great Britain, but the great productive. ed the AlmiGHTY to bestow upon man, when Heness of our country, and the extraordinary prices created him,—we may, notwithstanding, advance which our agricultural commodities brought in fo. some doctrines almost as unpleasant to the very ar- reign parts, aided by the genius and enterprize of dent friends of emancipation, as others will prove to our citizens in commercial pursuits. But the means the brutal slaveholder. We are not above advice; of keeping that balance within reasonable bounds nor superior to instruction; but in this case, as in all no longer exist-there is so little demand for our others which we speak upon, we shall say just what products, that a saving voyage is now accounted a we please, consistent with our own ideas of the good one, by our merchants. Even at the time wica right of the matter.

there was a foreign market for every thing that wel Vol XVI.-13.

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had to spare, and our bread-stuffs, cotton, tobacco, factures operated as a tax levied upon them, without &c. were at their highest prices, a girl at Manches- any countervailing advantage. There never was a ter, assisted by labor-saving machinery, gave as more silly notion than this. The foreign demandmuch extra value per annum, beyond the amount of i. e. all that we have to spare from our own wants, the cost of her own living, as two or three men in is of no comparison with the demand of the home like manner produced in the United States-and market—so much so, that the sudden transfer of now, when our articles bave lost from 30 to 50 per, about 300,000 persons to the U. States might concent. of their former comparative value, the labor of sume all the surplus bread and meat* that we have: the same girl will equal in positive productiveness, and the raising up of manufactures of cotton equal that of six

or eight men-forthough the clear profits to our consumption of it in clothing, additionally reof the latterare so much reduced, there is no diminu. ;quire about an halfof that which we send abroad. But tion of the quantity of labor required to support their we have said enouglı on these subjects

, and demon. consumption. It is very evident that a balance thus strated the facts so often, that we shall simply refer created must be ruinous. Hence it is, that most to them now. However, let any notions be entertainnations prevent the import of some articles to en- ed that may, we have arrived io that point in our af. courage their product at home, and without which fairs, when it is the home market which must bedebeggary would be their portion. It has been con- pended upon. clusis cly shewn that Great Britain, with all her ad.; The essays that have recently appeared in the Re. vantages and improvements, supported by an im-Gister, promulgated by the Philadelphia society mense capitalrested in manufactures and commerce, for promoting domestic industry,"leaves us little to cannot throw open her ports to receive foreign say at this time, on the general policy and peculiar commodities,because they might be imported cheap- advantages of encouraging this industry; -domes. er than her own people can furnish them-nay, she tic manufactures must now be supported, because will not, at this time, receive even bread-stuffs from we cannot pay for foreign products: economy is us, her best customers. It is not the nominal price forced upon us—we must live more frugally, or beof a thing that establishes its value to a purchaser:' come bankrupt. In this state of the case, it must it is the means that he has in himself to purchase it—' be expected that the national government will era: a man cannot give that which he has not. Every mine ihe subject with that attention which its imhealthy person has an ability to labor, and this may pcrtance requires-and prohibit the introduction of be exchanged for the product of the labor of others, many he which we can make at home. But to either directly or through the medium of money-by

nufacturers have a very interesting this, life is sustained or its comforts enjoyed, and

--they st pay particular attenthe latter are more or less experienced according

aty of t goods, and render them to the equality of value reciprocally created or pro

userul far we but pleasing to the eye, duced by such labor. Hence it is evident that we careful not to extort unfair prices for them. cannot eschange the labor of six men for the labor i. more owing, perhaps, to the reverse of what of one woman, except at a ruinous loss; and it be- is de recomended, that our manufacturers failed comes us to find out some way to forbid the ex- of regeling lasonable support after the conclusi. changé altogether, if we cannot prosecute it on more on of the face war, than to any thing else-many equitable terms. “The freedom of trade” is a pretty were de usted with the depreciation of quality and thing to talk about-it looks well upon paper; but advance of price. The latter, it is true, will be reexists only in imagination, or by making slaves of gulated by the demand; but the former has in itself one nation to pamper another,

a principle that must be attended to, if we hope for In mos kropean countries, especially in Eng. the establishment of manufactures adequate to the land, congruunt of the exactions of government, consumption of the country. the quantity of labor required of the people is far greata than is compatible with their happiness. The three following articles which reached us at Dit in the United States, where the wants of govern. about the same time, may serve to support the poliinent are easily supplied, the people, in general, la. cy we have always advocated.bor less than their comfort requires; and hundreds

From the Augusta Herald. of thousands of women and children do little or

The distressing accounts from Great Britain and nothing because they have little or nothing to do. the continent of Europe, appear to have at length In the city of Baltimore, there are several thousand convinced the planters, as well as the merchants

, persons idle, who are capable of earning from one that the staple produce of our state, has really been to three dollars per week, and who would gladly above its actual value. work if proper kinds of labor were accessible to

More than three thousand bales of cotton are stor. them. Thus it is every where, because men of ca- ed in this city, for which 23 a 24 cts. per lb. has pital do not find it an object to vest their money in been refused, and which would not now sell for 15 manufacturing establishinents, on account of the cents. foreign rivalry. What would we think of a farmer',

Speculations to an immense amount have been having the timber at hand, and the knowledge and entered into, upon a mere hope of profit, and the means at home of making a harrow,for instance, who consequences must be ruinous indeed the extent should put his timber into a cart and carry it soine of the evil can scarcely be imagined. Men, who miles off, to a harrow-maker, and wait there while six months ago were wealthy, have hazarded their the workman executed the job, which he himself fortunes upon a speculation which has failed; alcould have done as well at his own bouse? Ile ought to be considered as a prodigal. Yet this is the * This proposition may startle some who are al principle upon which nations act when they disre ways looking abroad. Let us allow to each person lb. gard their own industry and depend upon others to of bread, and 3-4lb of meat, and take into calculasupply their wants; it is a principle that must either tion the grain that would be consumed by the erproduce misery and distress, or exceedingly retard tra supply of domestic animals required for them, the rightful progress of prosperity,

and then, if we add the wbole together, we shall see The idea has been entertained by some of our that our boasted exports would prove inadequate to agriculturalists, that a duty laid upon foreign manu-l the amount of their consumption.



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