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when in Garrett's room with his hostess, or Four or five days after he parted from seated near his chair at Quinn's fireside, in a Garrett in the City, he presented himself, sweet fellowship of heart and thought, hours dressed as a priest, at his father's house, Lisnadií passed by with the speed of minutes.

Farm, sending in his name as Father Prout. Quinn and his wife looked on, full of interest He stated that he had visited the parish at the at this repetition of the old story-ever new- bishop's request; and no suitable inn being near, and, of course, nodding their heads, laughed, in Father Callaghan, the parish priest, had inthe usual light way, at “ Love's young dream;" formed him that there was no doubt Mr. but all the while, in the depth of their souls, O'Byrne, for a day or two, would gladly receive they were filled with delight and admiration. him as a guest.

Garrett, at last all but restored, had made Malachy wished to test, in a pleasant way, arrangements to leave his good hosts, the the completeness of his disguise, and it was Quinns, in a couple of days, and to betake proved to be perfect ; neither his father nor himself again for a while to Micky Flynn's mother, nor his keen-eyed sister Agnes redwelling, when events took a turn that set at cognised him, until, after half-an-hour's hoax, nought all his calculations. This was the more he burst into a loud laugh and declared unfortunate, since the love affair between him himself. and Jessie had reached its true and natural His parents felt a good deal annoyed and crisis--they had plighted their eternal troth of pained, that he should so disrespect the sanctity affection and fidelity to each other, and sacredly of the clerical profession as to use a sacred engaged to await the development of events; garb in the practice of a falsehood. As such as would enable them to crown their for Agnes, she was shocked ; her sense of sworn love-pledge by a marriage union. religious propriety was outraged; and in a burst

Jessie had promised to come early upon the of holy indignation she rebuked roundly the final day of Garrett's sojourn at the Quinns' sacrilegous act, as she called it, of her brother. in order to enjoy a long-drawn-out parting. “I admire your religious zeal, Agnes," he Footsteps that morning were heard upon the replied, “but not your sister's welcome, nor pathway to Quinn's house ; the young man's your female wisdom. My dear girl, had I not heart beat quick ; they were the footfalls

, no for the past four days put on the priest, and doubt, of his beloved, and he hastened to the read my breviary with the devoutest of airsdoor of the cottage.

which even a St. Francis could not excelWhat was his amazement, however, to see, I should be this moment in Richmond Gaol, instead of the sylphlike form of his Jessie, no with handcuffs on and feet in the stocks; and other approach than her father, Archie not as I am now-free to give a conquering MacDuff, stealthily stepping along, followed by blow for the rights of Ireland. From this two policemen.

hour, Agnes, I admire amazingly the priest's The moment MacDuff caughtsight of Garrett's office; it has served me well, dear; and surely face, with an oath, he cried out to the men be- that good confession should please you." hind him, "Yes, by there he is, men, rush “For shame, Malachy,” exclaimed Agnes. on at full speed and secure your prisoner.” “ You have committed a sinful deed against the

The policemen were not slow to obey the priesthood, and, Malachy, do not add insult. direction given them. Before Garrett had Woe be the day, Malachy, that, in face of the time for concealment or flight they dashed into interdict of the church, you became the associate the house, grasped him by the arms, and he of heretics and political conspirators.” was in their power.

“ Hush ! Agnes," said Malachy, “not a word

more of that my good girl. You are under a CHAPTER XXX.

gross mistake, let me tell you; if I be wrong in I have set iny life upon a cast,

my purpose and conduct I am the sinner, and

not Garrett Rowan." But how did it come to pass that thus, at “I cannot believe you, Malachy," was the almost the last hour, Garrett was discovered in angry reply of Agnes, as with an aversive look his hiding place and placed under arrest, and and offended air, she left the room in which she that Archie MacDuff was the leader of those and Malachy had been speaking. who apprehended him?

Malachy perceived before long that his We have informed the reader that Malachy father's house was no safe place for him to O'Byrne, nothing daunted by the defection of abide in; besides he felt that he should not Stephens, or the committal to prison of the compromise his father by staying under his leading men in the Fenian plot, gave his whole roof; especially as he was engaged in a business hearted energies to repair the ranks and con- which had neither his sanction nor approval; he, summate the plans of “the great political move- therefore, left Liscadil Farm House, and took ment."

up his quarters, at uncertain times, in various

And I will stand the hazard of the die."-KING RICHARD III.



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homes of those who were sworn confederates, or, hundred and you are but ten; I tell you you at least, Fenian sympathisers. Telling Agnes, are only courting destruction, policemen; and however, to keep for him or send to him, if she we do not want to imbrue our hands in your should learn where he was, any letters addressed blood, for you are our fellow countrymen. You “ Father Prout”; for that he expected Garrett have done all that honour and duty demanded. Rowan to write to him, using that cognomen.

Don't be foolish men, give up the arms." His efforts to bring the conspiracy to a head “Never," was the answer. “So long as a were unceasing and self-consuming; he roused single life of ours remains we'll defend our enthusiasm in the brave, decision in the waver- trust to the last; but there is a little girl here, ing, and something of his own courage in the will you permit us to pass her out ?” faint-hearted.

Certainly," was the response, "we don't New leaders also flocked into the country, make war on children;" and the weeping, pale, chiefly from America ; among the rest General and terrified child, lowered from a window, Cluseret and Brigadier-General Massey; and was received with gentle hands; and with all matters seemed to grow ripe for a wide-spread tenderness was conducted to her mother, who insurrection.

stood some distance behind the combatants ; But arms were the great need of the Fenians. for when the attack was made she happened to Men willing to fight were far more numerous be away from the barrack. than weapons to do battle with. At the Those who led her were melted to tears various Constabularies throughout the land, when they witnessed the joyful embrace of the however, were fine stands of arms. And why fond mother and her child.* should they not be got possession of? There At this stage of the contest a priest of the was a police station near the district of Mala- neighbourhood appeared upon the scene, chy's erratic sojourn, where were numerous most attracted by the sound of musketry. excellent weapons. Then what better thing "If I get those men to surrender," he said than suddenly to assail it; strip the armoury; to Malachy, “will you pledge your word of and distribute the first-rate rifled carbines honour for their safety ?" stored there to those panting to use them in “Here is my revolver," said Malachy, “I the approaching war for old Ireland.

shall stand next you, sir, and if any one of “ I'll lead the assault,” cried Malachy. those men, in the barrack, upon capitulation, “We'll follow you,” cried scores of voices, and has a hair of his head injured, I give you leave it was arranged that the attack should be made to put the contents of that pistol through my that evening

head.” Malachy was anxious that the wished-for Upon being parleyed with by the priest, the weapons should be secured, if possible, without police were found very reluctant to submit. the sacrifice of human life. The shedding of In all the insurrectionary outbreaks, in various blood—and especially in a mere preliminary counties at this time, they exhibited everywhere affair-he would only justify to himself upon a splendid courage and a staunch loyalty. The the ground of unavoidable necessity. He, priest, however, informed the besieged contherefore, after posting his men skilfully around stables that the Fenians were preparing to the police barrack, advanced alone towards its surround the building with straw, from a closed and strong barred entrance, and demanded large stack at hand, and to set it on fire; and the surrender of the arms stored within it, in that further resistance consequently would be the name of the Irish Republic; assuring the only to brave a horrible death. Sergeant and policemen on duty that if they would obey his men, therefore, saw that the game was up.

one to which their Irish hearts should Leaving their carbines behind, as they were at once respond," he would guarantee their told to do, they came out through the conpersonal safety The answer was a volley from stabulary door; and the Fenians opened their the windows of the barrack; several of the ranks to let them pass. bullets cutting Malachy's dress, but fortu- “ Take off your hats, in honour of brave nately leaving him unscathed.

Irishmen," cried Malachy. Every Fenian's head Upon this a score of Fenians, concealed by in a moment was uncovered; while some even the smoke of the discharged carbines, rushed saluted the defeated constables with a cheer. up to the building; some of them assailed the The weapons seized in the vacated barrack barricaded door with sledgehammers and were found to be numerous and good; and broke it in; and others set fire to the lower Malachy rejoiced to think that his spirited and portion of the little barrack. The police, how- daring raid would result in securing, at all ever, retired to the upper storey, and from events, one effective band of armed men from thence, with undaunted courage, maintained the Lisnadil district. the fight.

( To be continued.) - Surrender," cried Malachy,



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* An actual occurrence.



THE CITY OF KIACHTA AND MAIMACHEN. eye, the straggler in the market-place below,

may find abundant materials for observation in

the motley groups presenting themselves in IACHTA and Maimachen, forms, as it

, , every

direction. were, the gateway through which we Camels, as distinct in appearance from those pass from the Russian Empire into that of of China as the Russian merchants are from China. The authority of the Czar is recognised their neighbours, may be observed either on one side of a long wooden building, with bearing merchandise or proceeding to join

some two doors, whilst on the other, the majesty of procession. Traders from the Celestial Empire

meet you at every step ; their costume is Pekin is supreme. Let us suppose ourselves peculiar. A long gown of black silk, fitting close advancing from Lake Baikal, which, in the to the body; a hat of dark felt, nearly in the winter season -here of long continuance-may shape of a crown, with the brim turned

all be traversed on sledges, and, passing under the round, and decorated with tassels of red silk shadow of the Russian fortress, enter the con

and a copper stud, and coloured stone ball, fines of China. A large market-place is divided denoting rank, are the distinguishing charac

teristics of a Chinese merchant's dress. They into two portions, in one of which the trader of also wear oblong and angular cases made of St. Petersburgh, and the rest of the northern pasteboard, and covered with black silk, to empire display their merchandise ; whilst in protect their ears from the cold. A lanky the other, separated from it by the long wooden pig-tail depends from the head ; and a long building we have alluded to, and entered by a purse from the girdle, from which peeps

the narrow door, the Chinese merchant may be brass bowl of a pipe. Gravely, with earnest seen bartering his goods for those of the faces, they perambulate the Russian portion of neighbouring empires. A number of Cossacks, the market-place, discussing affairs of business; with naked swords, stand at one gate; and at entering and issuing from the houses, which, the other is stationed a Chinese guard to with little exception, appear the same as those prevent anything being carried through except to be observed in any other Russian town. by a written permit from the Custom House. Indeed, from this spot the eye can detect

It might be supposed that in this double nothing, saveamong the living throng, to remind city—the connecting link between two vast him that he is within a few steps of China. einpires-a certain fusion of national manners, Where Kiachta ends Maimachen begins. customs, and prejudices, should take place; The bell is sounded, as we have said, at sunset. on the contrary, the difference between the Immediately two streams of men are set in Russian and Chinese population is as strictly motion ; the one pressing towards the narrow

1 defined as the limits of their respective coun- door, over which are engraven the cypher of tries. A bell

, which sounds at sunset, warns Nicholas and the Russian eagle; and the other every subject of the Emperor to pass the issuing from that opening and distributing barrier and enter China ; whilst, at the same itself over the town. Entering with the time, every stranger must quit Maimachen, Ohinaman—which we are at liberty to do here, and, stepping across the boundary-line, place if not practically—we find ourselves in the himself within the dominions of the Czar. interior of a quadrangular building, and still Nevertheless, if these restrictions are rigid by among Russians. On the other side, however, night, an active and profitable intercourse is is a corresponding door, with a wooden barrier; carried on by day. The market-place, the and stepping through, we find ourselves at once point of junction of the two empires, is sur. within the limits of the Celestial Empire. rounded on the Russian side by well-built and The change appears magical, like the bewilneat houses, some of the best of which, belong- derment of a dream. On the Russian side we ing to the merchants, have stair-cases, and see none but sober hues, nothing but sober balconies in front, and galleries on the roof, solidity, and substantial unobtrusiveness. Onco where the inhabitants spend the evening, and beyond the portal, however, and everything is whence a view may be obtained of the surround- different. We find ourselves in a broad welling country. A river, covered during winter swept street, intersected by others at right months with ice, an undulating tract, a long angles, and exhibiting that gaudy fluttering wooden palisading which forms the northern finery which is characteristic of China. boundary-line of China, and, in the distance, Strange that two nations, so opposite in dark pine forests and ridges of porphyry rock, character and taste, should here meet in a city, form the principal features of the landscape, the one-half of which contrasts so boldly with which presents indeed few attractions. If the the other. At the corners of the street stand gazer from the house-tops, however, can dis- enormous chafing dishes of carrion, like basins, cover but few objects with which to occupy his upon slender pedestals of iron four feet in height. These are surrounded by benches, instruments, wooden drums, cymbals, and which are occupied by porters, camel-drivers, gongs, with painted faces, and grotesque and others of the same class, who bring their costumes, perform a species of play, and mainkettles to boil water at the common fire, and tain an incessant thunder of so-called music. sit smoking and drinking tea in the intervals The entertainment is of the rudest description, of employment. Little chapels generally stand yet sufficient to please the motley throng of near, through the open doors of which images spectators. An actor with a feather on his of the saints may be seen. Before each of the head was understood to represent a ghost or manufactured divinities is placed a metal dish, apparition ; a golden helmet pointed out filled with consecrated water, with several another as a warrior; whilst some who repastilles, long and slender, which emit no peatedly struck their hips with a cane, were Hame, but a bluish aromatic vapour. These to be regarded as horsemen. The childish diffuse their fragrance throughout the chapel, simplicity of these performances is singular; which is lighted by tapers of red tallow, placed and no less so is the interest with which the against the wall, or in the door frames, and good people of Maimachen appear to witness kindled by the piety of some passer-by.

them. The houses of this town, built of clay, flat The feast at the Sarguchei's house is conronfed, and pierced with numerous windows, ducted on a scale of much magnificence. The which are glazed, if we may use the term, with banquetting room is of a rectangular form, Chinese paper, present an exceedingly varied with windows of mica-an improvement on and gay appearance. Lamps and flags hang the general custom, which uses oiled paperabout them in all directions. Cords are and furnished with tables covered with scarlet stretched across the street, and from them cloth. The host sits on an elevated seat at the bang huge lanterns of paper, with gay scrolls top of the room. His guests, in dead silence, and decorations. The dazzling colours, which bow and take their seats. In the centre of thus everywhere meet the eye, afford a strong each table is a large paper cabinet, which, contrast to the dull yellow hue of the wall

, being uncovered, exhibits a variety of dried and of the roadway, which is of clay well fruits, arranged in separate compartments. beaten and smoothed; but, as we need scarcely Apricots of great size, stoneless raisins, large say, totally unfit for vehicles of any kind. pears, and frozen grapes brought from Russia, Crowds of Mongols, who compose what are are among the principal. Tea is first brought terned the lower orders here, throng the in. This is followed by hundreds of dishes of thoroughfares, dressed in close jackets and every possible description of viands, so dressed hose of grey camels' hair-cloth. Some wooden and spiced as not to be recognised. Only a towers, flat roofed, possessing four doors, and few experienced epicures can point out in decorated with countless streamers, stand in succession the innumerable species of mushvarious portions of the town. An octangular rooms, the pieces of pork, mutton, pheasants turret, terminated by a pyramid, rises from the —with fish, and other marine productions, top, and the whole is painted with human which are brought here pickled, preserved, or figures, with the faces of brutes, in bright red in the dried shape from Pekin. A number of and green. These buildings are observatories, gelatinous sea-animals resembling worms, form and differ entirely from the little chapels we a great dainty. Iuomense quantities of fat are have referred to, and from the gorgeous and used in dressing the ingredients, to counterstately edifices, in which the Manchus and balance the effects of which small cups, full of Chinese nobility perform their religious rites. weak vinegar, stand within reach of every

Perhaps, however, the clearest method of guest, who dips his meat therein, to render it imparting an idea of Maimachen is by describ- more digestible. ing the festival of the White Moon, or New Chinese and Russian spirits, with tea and Year, which is commenced about the middle of smoking, form a large share of the entertainFebruary, by an entertainment given by the ment, which is prolonged for a considerable Sarguchei, or governor, to all the principal period, all eating and drinking in silence, when inhabitants of the Russian and Chinese town. the guests issue forth to partake of the various The entrance of the guests from Kiachta to diversions of the day. At the temple of the great Maimachen is accompanied with great pomp god Fo is congregated an immense crowd. Votive and splendour. All the streets are decorated offerings—whole sheep, plucked fowls, guineawith even more than usual brilliancy; inscrip- fowls, dressed meat, and cakes are heaped up tions are written on the house fronts ; candles in hillocks before the statues. An edifice of burn in every chapel; and the sound of dough, often six or seven feet in height, crackers and rockets is heard from every representing a building, with the windows and courtyard. The dramatic

corps of Maimachen, doors filled with dried fruit, stands in the consisting of a number of men, with musical centre ; whilst the god of fire, of a scarlet





colour, sits immovable amid the vast collection a few of its characteristic features. But the of offerings which the piety (and the piety of evening bell sounds; the vast crowds of RusChina is too often mere gross superstition) of sian and Chinese, which are so mingled that his devotee has heaped around.

separation appears impossible, rapidly break The streets meanwhile continue crowded; up, and the tide of population flows in two and the populace, by every means within their distinct directions. The narrow portal opens, power, seeks to enjoy the grand object of the and from it emerges into the market-place day—amusement. A number of police main- the throng of those who are not privileged tain order; and severe indeed is the punish- to remain in Maimachen ; on the other hand, ment inflicted on those who presume to raise a every Chinaman hastens within his own native disturbance. The offender is seized, chained, city. We again pass the barrier, and once and immediately hurried to the pillory, where more stand within the empire of Nicholas of he stands for hours, without food, and with his Russia, quitting in a moment one sphere of hands fixed in a board above his head. Some civilization to sleep in another. times his mouth is filled with a composition The aspect of London, and that of Kamschatka, the most loathsome and revolting that can be do not differ more materially than does the imagined; and, occasionally, other punish- double named city of Maimachen and Kiacht ments, such as in Russia are termed paternal, where we have but to pass through a narrow are inflicted.

The dread of the summary door to exchange the monotonous and sober visitations conduces, indeed, to the maintenance grandeur of Russia for the dazzling brilliancy of order, and affords a striking example of of China. Chinese civilization.

Superstition, of course, exercises much DAMASCUS AND MOUNT LEBANON IN 1873. influence in Maimachen; but among

the better class of merchants is displayed much good sense in this respect. A German traveller relates, that being in the house of one of these S we returned from Salahijeh we saw an men during the period of the festival, he interesting spectacle. In order to repair imprudently ate from a dish of dried fruits, one of the numerous canals or aqueducts, the placed on a separate table in a corner of the Barada had been dammed back or diverted room, which, as was explained to him by his Russian attendant, was a sacred offering to one

into another channel, some distance above the of the domestic gods; but the merchant, with city. We saw a large concourse of people the tolerance of an enlightened man, smiled flocking towards Damascus, shouting and with dignity, and merely protected bis god from gesticulating; truly a curious mob in their further pillage, by ordering a fresh supply of dressing-gown like garments and red toefruits for the consumption of his guests. Such peaked slippers. We began to fear there had

. instances as this are rare, especially in a country been some disturbance between the hybrid like China, whose population is notorious for its hostility and insolence to strangers.

sects, and even that the feud had been settled The inhabitants of Maimachen carry on, with by blood-letting ; but no !-it was nothing of much success, several branches of industry ; this. The Barada had just been allowed to and some of them paint with considerable resume its wonted course, and these citizens boldness, if not with skill : their carving is had come to welcome the return of the water. highly elaborate. But the importance of the The Chaldees Magi and Parsees worshipped place must be traced chiefly to the fact that fire, but were the bulk of the Damascenes not Kiachta and Maimachen constitute the channel professed Mahommedans, I should have called through which the trade of China and Russia these people water-worshippers. flow from opposite directions. An immense Every garden is watered by the Barada. It amount of merchandise annually passes the is the Nile of Damascus, and like the Egyptian barrier, and is paid for either in money or goods. river, it fertilises wherever it touches the earth. Altogether, the place is thriving, and would be It is not surprising, therefore, that but little an agreeable temporary halting place, were it of the river emerges on the further side of not for the fact that many of the Chinese here Damascus.

The Barada has its source in are so negligent of personal cleanliness as to be Jabet es Sharki (mountain of the East), whose positively obnoxious.

cool freshness it brings down to the plains. Nevertheless, in spite of the uncleanliness of As already stated, it traverses the gorge of its inhabitants, its quaintness, its restrictive Suk (Wady Suk Barada), where it is swollen laws, Maimachen constitutes a curiosity which by numerous rills and mountain-brooks, born no traveller on the southern borders of Russia of the melting snows. At times it rushes should fail to visit. We have touched only on through rocky defiles and chasms, descends

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