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A CONCISE STATEMENT OF THE DEBT OF THE UNITED STATES,

ON THE FIRST OF JANUARY 18c2.

TAKEN FROM THE REPORT OF ALBERT GALLATIN, ESQ. SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.
Kind of Stock. Amount of Capitals, in Dollars.|

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Rate of Interest, &c.

Annual Amount.

41,879,525 23

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per Cent. on Account) of Interest and Reimbursement of Principal. Ditto.

3,350,362 01*

711,700

6 Ditto.

1796 ditto....

Five and an half ditto..

Four and an half ditto.
Eight ditto...

Bank Six per Cents.

Ditto Five per Cents.

80,000

6

Ditto.

572,391 16

42,702 1,800

1,847,500

5

Ditto..

101,512 50

176,000

4 Ditto..

7,900

6,480,200†

8 Ditto..

518,418

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DUTCH DEBT principal and premiums in guil

9,915,000

4 4-5.....

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ders 24,787,500....at 40 cents per guilder

Nominal amount of principal 82,909,630 86

476,931 5228,034 67

This Annuity would, without any other provision, discharge the whole of the old six per cents in the year 1818, and the new or deferred in 1824; besides which, an uncertain amount of this and other stock, is in a course of redemption, by the sale of lands. The Secretary computes "the permanent annual revenues of the United States at ten millions of dollars, of which the sum of 7,300,000 is appropriated by law, for the payment of the interest and principal of the Public Debt, and 2,700,000 applicable to the current expenses of Government." He states further, that the application of the annual sum of 7,300,000 dollars, would discharge the whole of the public debt, within the year 1817.

† Redeemable at the pleasure of the United States after the close of the year 1808.

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The interest on the public debt, including the reimbursement of the six per cent. stock, is pay able quarterly; either at the seat of Government, or the Commissioner of loans, where the certificates have been issued.

Transfers and dividends of every kind of stock (including that of the U. S. Bank, the capital of which is Ten Millions of Dollars divided into 25,000 shares of 400 dollars each, dividends paid in January and July,) can be made and received every day in the week; excepting that the books for transforming funded stock, are closed for fourteen days previous to the end of each quarter, and for Bank stock in like manner half yearly.

The reimbursement of old six per cents. commenced on the 1st of January, 1796, and of the new, on the 1st of January, 1802. On the 1st of January, there is 31 per cent. paid on the nominal amount, and in every succeeding quarter 14; making 8 per cent. per annum, on account of interest and principal. On the 1st of January 1804, there will have been redeemed of the old sixes 23 11 and of the new 6 37 per cent.

In the Secretary's report of December 1802, he states, that an impression had been made on the public debt in that year, by the sale of 2,220 U. S. Bank shares, and otherwise, to the amount of 5,440,469: 66 dollars.

The president in his message of the 17th October 1803, informed Congress, that the revenue for the year ending the 30th of September 1803, amounted to between 11 and 12 millions, and exceeded the sum counted on....That there was discharged of the public debt in the same period, about 3,100,000 dollars, and that by the purchase of Louisiana an addition will be made to the debt, of nearly 13 millions, besides 2 millions which had been appropriated; most of which will be payable after fifteen days

M. M'CONNEL, Broker. Philadelphia, 21st Nov. 1803.

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A description of a species of Coal

found near Woodstock.

THE mountain which contains this coal, is situated about twelve miles north-west from Esopus. By the people, who reside near its base, it is called Blue Mountain: the coal is found in the horizontal fissure of an almost perpendicular rock, upon the S. E. part of it, about half the distance to its summit, which is supposed to be nearly two miles above the level of the Hudson River. The stratum is of various thickness, from seven to ten inches and upwards. It is visible in different parts, at considerable distances from each other. The incumbent mass of rock is not less than twenty feet in depth.....In one place it is of a grey colour, and argillaceous composition, though apparently very hard; in another, it is brown, and composed of horizontal layers, easily split or divided.

The coal appears to form a considerable angle with the strata of the rock, and dips into the mountain. Its colour is brownish. It very much resembles that species of coal, which is found in Great Britain, in the crevices of rocks; and generally known by the name of Suturbrand. By the Mineralogists it is called brown coal, or carbonated wood; some pieces have a glossy lustre. It is very brittle. It sinks in water. A small bit of it was kept in diluted nitrous acid, for the space of two days, which caused it to separate and crumble by the application of a gentle force. It discovers no impression of leaves, nor any internal indication of vegetable origin. In some specimens the fracture is slaty, in others uneven; exposed to the blow pipe it swells, and burns very slowly, giving out a slightly sulphurous smell.....A small quantity of it was used, some years ago in a forge in this village, and was found to give a strong heat, when mixed with charcoal

The

uide who conducted us up the nountain, mentioned, that he lateprocured some of it, at the redest of a blacksmith, for the purjose of forging an axe....This side if the mountain is the joint propert of Major De Zeng, and Capt. Clark, who intend to blast the rock, in order to discover the extent and quantity of the coal....It may not be interesting to mention, that in the sime rock, at the western extremi'y or the stratum of coal, we found luminous earth, consisting of alum, silex and iron.

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88843

69

...

Grevius....

Gronovius..

Grotius.

Erasmus...

Thuanus..

Above eighty Ditto.... 70

Ditto.... 50

That country is esteemed very 71 healthy, in which fifteen persons to a hundred born, arrive to 70 years 62 of age. Among the eminent Greek 69 authors, 17 of 30 arrived to that 64 age. The fact is almost incredible. 55 But the climate and modes of life 69 practised by the old Greek philosophers, will bring the fact within the compass of belief.

60

62

54

55

Total....21

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7

2

12

Age.

84

95

83

85

Born. Diel.

Newton......

Whiston...

1667 1762

Hoadly...

1676 1761

Burnet...... 1635 1725

Hobbes.....

1588 1679

92

Hales.

1677 1761

84

Halley.

.....

1656 1742

85

80

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The ages of the Roman writers indicate a less salubrious climate, or more luxurious habits of life, or both.

The ages of the modern writers far surpass the due proportion. O 21 authors on the continent, nine reached the age of 70....or almos half....whereas, the usual propor tion is not more than an eighth, or seventh at most.

Of 31 English authors, 17, c more than half, died above 70.

These results do not justify th opinion that intense applicatio abridges human life. It is prob ble, however, that the unusal preportion of learned men who live to a great age, may be in part as cribed to their temperate habits d life....and to an original firmnes of constitution. Their great intel lectual acquirements, and their oll age, may not improbably be the effect of a common cause-the orginal organization of the body. RUSTICUS.

68 From the New-York Commercial

66

66

1707

...

66

...

65

Advertiser.

PROGRESS OF POPULATION.

THE following table exhibits certain results from the census of

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From the foregoing table, if the figures are correct, result the following observations:

1st. The states, and parts of states which contain new land, and are now settling, contain the greatest proportion of children.... witness Maine, New-York, Vermont, &c. This fact evinces, that the migration to the new lands are chiefly by the young and middle aged....and that such hardy, laborious people are most prolific.

2d. The excess of children in Kentucky and Tennessee, demonstrates, in addition to the foregoing considerations, the mildness and salubrity of the climate, which are favourable to the rearing of child

ren.

3d. The greatest proportion of persons above 45 years of age, are in Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode-Island....and in these, the highest fraction is in Connecticut....

this arises from two causes....first, these states have no uncultivated lands, and of course are continually suffering a loss of young persons by emigration....and second, the salubrity of the climate. As these states have the greatest proportion of old people, so they have the smallest proportion of those under ten years of age....and it is observable how nearly this proportion is the same in three states. three, however, Connecticut has not only more old people, but more young....and hence is proved to be either the most healthy, or it is demonstrated that her state society is most favourable to long life, by affording to all conditions of people the best means of subsistence, and by restraining the vices which

shorten life.

Of the

4th. From the northern to the southern extremity of the union, as there are more children under ten,

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