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Original Anecdotes, Literary News, Chit Chat, Incidents, &c Why the eyes of a portrail, which look di. on, whilst Mr. Jenner was resident in his rectly at a spectator in front, do so also in house as a medical pupil. The son of Dr. any olher position, has remained without an Jenner has, since bis decease, communicatexplanation until lately. Dr. Wollaston af. ed to the Royal Society his father's manu. ter considering the matter, observes, when scripts on the subject, which have been two objects are seen on the ground at dif- printed in the Philosophical Transacferent distances from us, in the same di- tions,—a recapitulation of which is as fol. rection, one appears, and must be repre- lows, viz.–First, Dr. Jenner adıluces some sented to a picture, as exactly above the arguments in support of migration, beother, so that a vertical plane from the cause of the fact itself not being generally eye would pass through them; and since admitted by naturalists of celebrity, and such line will be seen upright, however far also against the hypothesis of a state of we move to one side, it follows that the torpor, or what may be termed the hybersame object will still seem to be in a line nating syslem. He next shows, from rewith us, exactly as in the front view-seem- peated observations, that the swallow tribe, ing, as we move, to turo from their first and many other birds that absent themdirection. In portraits, the permanence of selves at stated periods, return annually to direction, with reference to the spectator, the same spot to build their nests; and depends on the same principles. So the that any inference drawn from this fact, in nose, drawn in front with its central line support of a state or torpor, would be falupright, continues directed to the spectator, lacious, upon physiological principles. In thougb viewed obliquely; or, if the right corroboration and continuation of the obside of the nose is represented, it must ap- servatious of John Hunter, Dr. Jenner pear directed to the right of the spectator, shows, that certain periodical changes of in all situations.
the testes and ovaria are the exciting causes The temporary derangement of vision, of migration,-and states many facts, his which very commonly follows acidity or therto unnoticed, with respect to the cause flatulency in the stomach, and as com which excites the migrating birds, at cermonly precedes sick-headach, or else un tain seasons of the year, to quit one country usual sleepiness, in great numbers of per- for another, viz. the enlargemeut of the sons (the writer amongst the number), testes of the male, and ovaria in the fehas lately attracted the attention of Dr. male, and the need of a country where Wollaston, who, with his wonted sagacity, they can, for a while, be better accommohas discovered that, usually, one half only, dated with succours for that infant brood either to the right or to the left of each eye, than in that from which they depart. It is in these cases temporarily affected with is attempted to be shown by Dr. Jenner, blindness. From a careful consideration that their departure from this country is of the circumstances attending five cases not in consequence of any disagreeable of temporary half-blindness, which are de- change in the temperature of the air, or tailed in the Philosophical Transactions from a scarcity of their common food,,but just published, the doctor has been led to an the result of the accomplishment of their important anatomical discovery, as to the errand, i. e. the incubation and rearing of semi-decussation of the optic nerves in the their yonng, and the detumessence of the human subject; that is, instead of the en testes and ovaria ; that successive arrivals tire optic nerves from the two opposite of migrating birds are attributable to the thalami of the brain, crossing each other, progressive development of the generative and proceeding entire to the eyes, on op. system in the male and female ; that pro. posite sides, as has generally been suppos- gressive developments are wise provisions ed, that portion of nerve which proceeds of the Creator; that premature arrivals from the right thalamas to the right side of and departures are frequently to be acthe right eye, passes to its destioation counted for on the same principle ; that without interference; and, in a similar the departure of the spring migrators is manner, the left thalamus supplies the owiog to a change in the testes and ovaria, left side of the left eye with one part of the very opposite of that which took place its fibres; whilst the remaining halves of in the spring; that the departure of the both nerves, in passing over to the eyes of young birds is not guided by the parents, the opposite sides, intersect each other, but the result of an unkoown principle. either with or without intermixture of their In the second part of the doctor's paper fibres. On this principle, Dr. Wollaston some observations are made on the wioter most ingeniously explains how single vision birds of passage :—that they quit their is produced by two eyes-how infants are homes in this country, in the spring, in enabled to avoid squinting, &c.
quest of a country better suited to their inMIGRATION OF BIRDS.
tended purpose than this ; that they are The migration of birds was a subject actuated by the same impulse in quitting which, during many years, engaged the at
this country that causes the spring birds to tention of the late celebrated Dr. Jenner, come to it, and that want of food cannot be having been early in life stimulated to the the inducement; that the emigration of inquiry by the investigation on this subject the winter birds is less complete than that which the great John Hunter was carrying of the others, or spring migrators; that
some species breed here, especially the that they have all the docility of horwild-duck and wood-pigeon; that the red.
These animals are harnessed wings and fieldfares are the most regular exactly like our carriage borses, and and uniform in their appearance and disappearance, and most probably never risk have entirely lost their ferocious inthe trial of incubation here, or at least stinct. The police have only requirnot in the part of Gloucestershire where ed that they shall be muzzled. M. Dr. Jenner resided ; that they quit the w. K. parades the city in this equipcountry temporarily, in severe and longcontinued frost, through want of food, and age several times a day, and always return to it again at the approach of more attracts an immense crowd.—Mr. Extemperate weather; that the arrival of Sheriff Parkins, some years since, water-birds forbodes the approach of in. drove about in this way two zebras, or tense frost, and the usual return of the water-birds a thaw; that the examina
wild tions of the latter prove them to have
ILLUSTRATION OF THE PHOSPHOtaken long flights before their return, and
RESCENCE OF THE OCEAN. sets the fact of temporary migration beyond the reach of doubt. The paper con
Pour a little phosphorated ether on cludes with some additional particulars re a lump of sugar, and drop it into a specting the different sizes of the genera. glass of tepid water. In a dark place tive organs of migratory birds, as they ap- the surface of the water will become pear at different seasons of the year.
very soon luminous, and if it be more MERMAID
ed by blowing gently with the mouth, The Drogheda Journal states that beautiful and brilliant undulations of three persons, whose names it gives, the surface will be visible, exhibiting saw on the 18th ult. a
creature the appearance of liquid combustion. in the sea, which answered the de- Those who cannot see the ocean in a scription given of Mermaids, having flame may adopt this feeble mode of the human form from the waist up- imitating it, and it will give them a wards ; long arms, long hair, and a faint idea of a phenomenon which has fish's tail. They do not mention the called forth the admiration of all who looking-glass!
have ever seen it, and which has been HONOUR.
recorded by Lord Byron in noble poA rich man being asked to pay a
etry. debt of a hundred pounds, contracted by his son, who had fled from his cre
SIR HUMPHREY DAVY
has arrived at his house in Grosvenor. ditor, replied, “ I have sworn by my street, from Denmark, after a stormy pas. honour, and by all that is most sacred, sage across the North Seas, in the Comel never to pay one of my son's debts; steam-boat. Sir Humphrey has been esand I should be wanting to my honour gaged, during the months of July and Auif I were to break my word.”
gust, in pursuing various philosophical re
searches along the coast of Norway, Swe. NEWSPAPER ACCURACY.
den, and Denmark, for which the Admi. The following appeared in a Sun- ralty granted him the use of the Comet
steam-boat. He has ascertained, we underday newspaper of the 29th ult. :
stand, that his principle of preserving the « Suicide.—On Friday evening à copper-sheathing of ships by the contact of poor woman was put into St. Giles's 1-200th of iron, succeeds perfectly in the watch-house for being disorderly in most rapid sailing and in the roughest sea. the street, and shortly after hung her. During this expedition, Dr. Piarks has con
nected, by chronometrical observations, self, and was not discovered till quite the triangulation of Denmark and Hanover dead. She was taken to Marlbo with that of England; and, by the desire rough-street police office on Wednes. of the Admiralty, various points of longiday last on a similar charge !!
tude have been determined by their chronometers, of great importance to naviga
tion : amongst others, that of the Naze of A singular equipage has been seen Norway. for the last six months in the streets of DAVID'S LAST PICTURE. Munich. It is a calash drawn by two When David was on the eve of departing enormous wolves, which M. W. K. from Paris into exile, he is said to have formerly a merchant of St. Peters- told his pupils that he was about to alter burgh, found very young in a wood
and improve his style, and that he would
send them from the Netherlands, the near Wilna, and has so well tamed country which he had chosen for his future
WOLVES IN HARNESS.
residence,-a specimen of colouring, which many other geological theories, has been should be far superior to any thing which produced by a desire to explain a particuhe had heretofore produced. In the pre- lar phenomenon, apparently irreconcileable sent picture, David has fulblled his promise with any other geological hypothesis. M. with a vigour of execution that could Chabrier, convinced that the aforesaid scarcely have been expected in youth it. blocks of granite did not come from the self. On this piece he has devoted bis Hartz Mountains or from Sweden, conwhole time during his exile at Brussels. cludes that they must be aerolites!! HayThe following description will enable your ing subsequently ascertained, by a scrupureaders to form some idea of the composi- lous examination of the mountains, that tion of this piece :-Mars having returned they were only heaps of rubbish, he began fatigued from the field of battle, has seated to doubt whether the granite spread over himself on a couch, from which Venus has the surface of the globe had been formed apparently partly risen, in order to make and crystallized in a primitive sea, which room for him. The latter has one hand (says he) nobody had seen. Accordingly, resting on the former, and is with the after he had obtained the certainty of the other about to place a garland of flowers contrary, he formally denies this fact, and on the head of Mars, on condition that he does not hesitate to assert, that the granite forsakes for the future the pursuit of arins. came, as it is, from the atmosphere, with Mars is with his left hand resigning his the other substances to which it is somesword, as a token of assent to this proposi- times united, and by which it is also often tion; and with the other, which is banging surrounded. This terrible shower of mounover the head of the couch, holding a spear. tains--arising from the progress of a planTwo of the Graces are taking hold of his etary body violently struck by a comet, or helmet and shield, and the third presenting caused by the explosion of the central volhim with nectar. Cupid is seated at bis cano of that planet-poured at once upon feet busily employed in unloosing one of the nucleus of ours, about which M. Chahis sandals. The disposition of the whole brier does not trouble himself, the Alps, scene is admirably conceived, though the the Pyrenees, the Andes, &c. and all such arrangement is, in my opinion, rather too beds of primitive rocks. These substances studied. The drawing is as chaste as it is in combustion, falling on the tufted forests beautiful ; and the colouring, in variety, of the earth, reduced thein to pitcoal!! richness, and truth of tone, is truly admira. This, he farther maintains, was undoubtble, and far superior in brilliance to any of edly the planet which had for its satellites his former productions. The head, body, the four little moons, Ceres, Pallas, Vesta, and in short the whole person of Mars, are and Juno, which irrefragably prove the forpossessed of great beauties; but the Venus, mer existence of that unfortunate planet. though the back is beautiful and the feet But even this monstrous shower of mounadmirable, is possessed of no portion of tains is not enough for M. Chabrier : it that melting voluptuousness, which usually
was accompanied, he says, by all the waters belongs to the Venus of Greece and Rome; of the planet, which, falling in cataracts, for, instead of that, we find nothing but submerged the earth and deluged its in: anxiety and dejection. Nor are the fea: habitants; but the rain of waters preceded tures of the Graces more agreeable; and that of the solids, and the latter came very the figure of Love is both misplaced and opportunely to confine the waters in part, badly embodied. But in spite of these ob- and to form our present continents and servations, I must acknowledge that, taking mountains, but for which, Noah would into consideration the great age of the ar not have found a resting-place. We must tist, and the novelty of the style of the pre- refer our readers to the work itself for the sent undertaking to him, that it is a great series of proofs and reasonings adduced by work, and will always be admired, as a the author, which will we dare say convince splendid speeimen of colouring. This is them that M. Chabrier's system is ex. said to be the last picture which David in- tremely probable, and that bears all the tends to undertake.
marks of reality in the simple and easy esNEW SYSTEM OF GEOLOGY !! planation of all the facts. Thus, for inA Frenchman, of the name of Chabrier, stance, the fossil trees and fish, the petrifihas published a Dissertation on the Univer: ed human skeleton of Guadaloupe, are resal Deluge.
mains of the vegetable and animal king. M. Chabrier's occupations obliging him, doms of the destroyed planet, the fragments it appears, to travel frequently, especially of which we tread under foot. But an idea in the north of Germany, he was extremely which is certainly new, and deserving of puzzled by the blocks of granite (frequently the most serious attention, according to M. of vast size,) which are scattered in profu- Chabrier, is, that some of the human creasion on both sides of the Elbe, in the terri. tures of this planet, notwithstanding their tories of Breinen and Hamburg, Mecklen- rough usage, may have survived this fall: burg, Pomerania, &c.; all which countries and it is thus he accounts for the difference are very remote from the granite moun- of races characterized by Blumenbach, tains. The results of his long and ardu- Cuvier, &c. Thus the Negrocs, the Amerious meditations are here given to the cans, or the Malays, are probably descenpublic in the form of a theory, which, like dants of the inhabitants of another world,
which was annihilated to punish our first spect,' &c. 12mo. 45.- Hapsard's Parlia. parents.
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THE JOURNAL OF LIFE.
I LOVE to gaze at the midnight hour,
On the heavens, where all is shining ; I feel as if some enchanting pow'r
Around my heart were entwining :
When the clouds sail swiftly by;
Illumine the Northern sky.
Ab! then I think on my boyhood's day, ,
When bope was brightly glowing,
And the tide of success was flowing-
of the sparkling gem at the Pole ;
That round it continually roll.
Where placets their courses urge,
Arrived at their topmost verge ;
Where other stars sweetly shine,
For the land of the cedar and pine.
And see, where the glittering bayonets meet,
Our banners waving free-
Press forward 10 Victory!"
Emblazon'd with blood and flame,
And this is his boasted fame :
Where the billows are one white foam;
Through the world I continued to roam-
And his fame like a cloud in the air ;
To rest from my labour and care,
The smile of affection was flown;
Which memory prized as her own.
Of friend I had known before
For fortune denied me her store :
O'erwhelm'd by affliction's wave,
Were laid at rest in the grave.
There were strangers who knew me not.
I now claim a kindred part;
Commune with my own sad beart.
On the beavens, where all is shining;
Around my soul was entwining:
Will shine on the wild-flow's bloom-
Yes-after the toils of the desperate fight,
I've watched (hy the cannon's mouth)
The beautiful Cross of the South ;
Or gaze on their own home shore.
When the burning troops would engage:
'Mid slaughter and maddening rage: The morning came, and its early blush
Stream'd on the field of gore;-
While the cannon destructive roar!
* Hark! bark! to the shout and the deathful
shriek, The clang of the ringing steel, The bitter groan when the beart-strings break,
The muskets' murdering peal ;
FRANK CLERMONT inherited may be said to be dying of want,
an estate of twenty thousand a though he is in the receipt of five year; having, besides, fifty thousand thousand a year! pounds in the funds which were left P-began the world without a to him by a great uncle.
shilling ; but by unceasing industry, The ready money was disposed of by watching for and taking advantage before he was of age, and ten years of every opportunity by which money after his income was reduced to five was to be made, and, when made, by thousand per annum. He could not using it most parsimoniously, he has make it less, one-fourth of his proper- at last succeeded in realizing a plum : ty being so entailed that it was virtu- -the ultimatum of his worldly desire, ally impossible for him to get rid of it. the object which he had in view from He nevertheless considered himself to boyhood-the hopes of attaining which be reduced to absolute beggary, and caused his most arduous exertions to became more discontented, perhaps, be “ Labor absque labore." than if he had been without the com He never even allowed himself the mon means of subsistence.
indulgence of a hackney coach, or He is persecuted by dups from ride on horseback, till he was worth morning till night. His equipage is £50,000 ; but soon after this sum shabby, and he is looked upon in his was realized, his ideas became more own circle as a ruined man, and of expanded, and he absolutely began to course treated as one. By his friends, think that he could afford to marry a who have not entirely forsaken him, widow with ten thousand pounds, tohe is usually invited to help off with wards whom he had long felt rather the fragınents of feasts which have the tenderly. He made the state of his day before been given to his former heart known, and as the lady deemed titled companions ; and his own en- it a prudent connexion too, there was tertainments are attended by those not much hesitation on her part. only with whom a short time ago he Never were a couple united whose would have deemed it a degradation ideas more entirely alike. to associate.
Wealth was the grand object which At first he thought of retrieving his they both kept constantly in view, circumstances by marriage, and com nor did they cease living with their menced fortune hunter; but being un- ancient parsimony till the plum was successful in an overture which he attained: but as soon as it was, they made to a lady whose reputed fortune lanched out, and now they sport one was two hundred thousand pounds, he of the most splendid equipages in gave up the pursuit in despair, and the city. Their entertainments are has since taken so immoderately to first-rate in their line. They have an drink, that he is fast hurrying himself elegant country villa at Richmond, to the grave; so that, literally, he and in fact revel in all the luxuries of
37 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series.