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tation be meritorious—but there, 'tis so that he returned several paces afonly my duty, and I arnt much skilled ter his shipmates. The French were in siinper-thetics. The Lieutenant close upon them. In a few minutes was worthy of his teacher, for never the wounded man would have been was there a nobler .soul than Ned's. in their power. Again Sam looked He was a great favourite with Nelson round, rushed back to the spot, and, (and died in the Victory on the self- stooping to raise the Lieutenant from same day,) though the hero was more the ground, received a mortal wound attached to Sykes than any of us, and in the chest, and fell upon him. The mayhap he deserved it. Now for last effort of struggling nature roused Sam Spritsail : Poor Sam was a light- him up; he sprang upon his feet, liftliearted easy-going blade, never with- ed the officer in his arms, and ran toout a smile-indeed, they said he was wards his companjons, who faced inborn laughing. Blow high, blow low, stantly about, resolving either to suc'twas all the same to him; but he cour bim or perish. He reached their didn't stop long in the ship; he was centre, gently laid his burthen down, picked out for the long-shore party faintly uttered “ I have done my duthat was to go bush-fighting with the ty!” and expired. The whole de French. Well, d'ye see, one of the tachment paused for an instant, then officers of the C—not knowing the came to the charge, drove back their cnt of his jib, and being unaccustom- pursuers, and in another half hour ed to see a man always happy under the British union waved on the ramevery privation, took it into his head part of the fort. Where could there one day that Sam was ridiculing him, be a death more glorious ? I say,

Mr. and so he ordered the Boatswain's- Editor, his memorial shall live in mate to give him a starting with a your columns; and if it should meet rope's end. This almost broke his the eye of any who were present on heart. 'Twas the first blow he had that day, they will shed a tear of ever received in a man-of-war; and grateful remembrance, and glory in the deep indignity so preyed upon his poor Sam. After he left us, his birth mind, as almost to stupify him. A was filled up by Jack Junk, a sly old day or two afterwards the party re- codger, with a comical nose, a half ceived orders to storm a fort near Ca- squint with one eye and pua, and Sam prepared to do his du- squint with the other, so that he could ty; but there was a listless indiffer- see half a dozen ways at once. He ence in his manner, that ill accorded was a famous hand to look out for a with his former spirit. They advanc- fleet, and none could beat him at ed to the attack and a very smart making signals ; why he could use two scrummaging took place; but a fresh spy-glasses at once. Jack had been body of troops poured in, and the shipmate along with Bill C—, him boarding party were compelled to re- as played Lord H—the trick with treat. The Lieutenant (the same as the goose, and that warnt the only had ordered the punishment) behaved one. At the short peace, Billy (who most gallantly, and kept in the wake always messed with the Admiral when of his

men, while they were retreat- at home) axed leave of absence from ing. On turning an angle of the bat- the house to go and visit some of his tery, the enemy opened upon 'em family relations that lived down to the with a long 24-pounder that did very northward. Now Lord H='s moorgreat execution, and Mr.

at the ings was very near Portsmouth; sa second fire, fell. Sam, in an instant, the old gemman, in the goodness of hove all aback. Ile saw the officer his heart, granted request, and fall--- his daring intrepidity returned gave him a liberty tie and he rounded to, to pick him up. a fine clean-going, He did not know who it was at first ; horse to carry him. but when he looked on his face, re- Billy for London, inter sentment for a moment deadened the only one night, and then feelings of generosity and humanity, for Yorkshire; and somehow

a whole

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he fell asleep and forgot it, for not a “Yes, my Lord, he's the first of his step did he start from London while family ever fared so well; but there's e guinea was left. He made all sneer a wonderful fun-nonny-me happened again as long as it lasted, and then to him. Would you believe it, my away went the bay horse (shoved up Lord, that he took fright at a bunch the spout, as they call it,) and Billy of turnips that was flung over a hedge, carried on the war like a Trojan. and after running over a chimneyBut his time and his cash nearly ex- sweep, turned as grey as a badger ?' pired together; so he takes his place --Wonderful ! cried his Lordship; outside the Portsmouth coach, and I must see him immediately;' and of leaves the bay horse to pay damages. they set for the stables. Well

, I Well, just as they got to Post-down declare this is astonishing, Mr. C- ! hill he 'lighted, and seeing a grey The creature is indeed grey; but, said beast at pasture in a field, he gets a his Lordship, adjusting his spectacles piece of two-inch rope, whips it over —but there is something more surthe neck, and rode home to his Lord- prising yet, Mr. C- ; why such a ship’s stables. “Well, Mr. C—, I thing was never heard of before! I hope you found all your friends hear- protest, as I am a living man, the ty, eh?” “Quite so, my Lord, quite fright has been so great, that it has so.' And how's the bay horse? I turned the bay horse into a grey hope you have behaved well to him. ?' mare !!




OR, THE NARRATIVE OF A JOURNEY TO THE TEMPLES AND DWELLINGS Excavated out of a Mountain of Granite, and extending upwards of a mile and a quarter, at Elora, in the East Indies, by the south of Poonu, Ahmed-Nuggur, and Toka, returning by Dowlutabad and Aurungabad, witb some general Observationns on the People and Country.


Captain in the Natide Bombay Infantry, fc.
[In a late Number we introduced an en- by invalids from the other presidencies

graving from this volume, and some ac- and the interior.
count of the truly wonderful temples of
Elora, which do not appear to be sur.

Nothing can be more delightful passed by any productions of art in the than the rides and drives in this istworld. We now introduce to our rea- and : they extend twenty-one miles

, ders a series of most curious, valuable, and communicate to the neighbouring and interesting, extracts from the same island of Salsette by means of a cause, modest volume ; and, though so extensive, we have regretted that the due notice of way. The prospect is as grand and other works has not permitted us to ren as beautiful as can be imagined: the der them still more copious. No pro- mighty range of the G'hāts towering duction of the past winter is more wor. thy of attention in every sense. It is

in the clouds and extending as far as a voyage of discovery, and the novelties the eye can reach the bold views are not only very numerous, but are on the continent,—the diversified obmost ably brought under the eye of the jects on the island, -old ruinous conreader.]

vents and monasteries erected by its BOMBAY

former conquerors, the Portuguese, THE "HE climate of Bombay is prefera- the noble country-houses of the Eu

ble to most parts of India, having ropeans, Hindoo pagodas, Mahomea refreshing sea-breeze, commonly tan mosques,-the remains of Mahcilled, from its healthful effects, the ratta forts and buildings ;—these, with Doctor. There is now very little the rural appearance of Hindoo villawood on the island, no marshes, and ges, where every patch of ground is In t few large pools of stagnant water. richly cultivated or ornamented, and T., these causes much of the sickness interspersed with groves

of date and that prevails in other parts of India cocoa-nut trees, afford a prospect of nuust be attributed ; and the salubrity luxuriance and beauty to be met with of Bombay causes it to be resorted to nowhere but in the Concan. As we

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turn our eyes towards the sea, we are is widely different from what we see presented with a fine hard beach, run- either at Calcutta or Bombay; and a ning on to the high and romantic spot journey on it, whether for amusement called Malabar Point, which promon- or business, is any thing but agreeatory is studded with neat villas; ble; for you are often in danger of while the city and fort are seen in the your life, and always in dread, in passback-ground, with the ships securelying to and fro through the tremenat anchor in the harbour. Nor must dously high and long surfs that inceswe forget the isthmus called Colaba santly roll on the Coromandel shores, (probably Cālāb or black water,) and which commence about a mile inrunning for about two miles in a side of the roadstead, where ships lie straight line from Bombay, from which at anchor. There are three surfs

S; it is separated at high water. On this and, after passing over the head of small island, which scarcely extends a one mountainous roller into the valley quarter of a mile in breadth, are seve- of water between them, you cannot ral good houses, and a range of bar- for several seconds see either the city racks. At its farthest or western end in front or the ships in the rear, till stands a noble signal or light-house, you are forced by the impulse of the from the top of which is a very finé first on the top of the second roller. view of the island and adjacent coun- On passing over the surf, a stranger's try.

sensations may be imagined, but canNor is it on land alone that Bom- not be described; the oldest mariners bay possesses the advantages of situa- do not like the first trip a-shore. Action. Its harbour, from its great size, cidents sometimes occur; and for smoothness of the water, and for the days all communication between the greater part of the day having a fine shore and shipping is cut off. When sea-breeze blowing, affords almost you have arrived on shore, the heat is constant opportunity for aquatic ex- intolerable, with clouds of hot sand cursions :

: so open, indeed, and at the flying about; and, to add to the missame time so secure, is the bay, that eries of Madras, the musquitoes are for miles, in various directions, the the largest and most venomous of smallest boats may proceed with safe- any in India ; at night they swarm in ly, and, by means of the tide, return myriads, nor do they leave a stranger at almost a fixed hour. These excur- quiet by day. I have both embarked sions may be extended seaward, in- and disembarked at Madras (not from land, or over to the Mahratta conti- choice) twice: I was wet through the nent, for several miles, embracing in first time, and the people were conthe journey a variety of beautiful, stantly baling the Massoolah boat; the picturesque, and grand scenery. How last time I was in imminent danger, widely different from the boasted river- with my family, for several minutes. p.irties on the Ganges about Calcutta ;

One of the greatest comforts in all where you have a muddy, and often a countries is to have good domestic servery dangerous, stream to sail on, vants : unquestionably the Parsees at with light and hot sultry airs, impreg- Bombay are very superior to their pated with all the poisonous effects of brethren at Calcutta both in usefulness, iniasma, the wind hardly sufficiently and fidelity. Those at Calcutta dress strong to impel the boat; or else track. well, will only attend to one particular ing, by means of a dozen poor wretches branch of service, nor will any persuaslowly struggling through the low, sion, or even wages, induce them to warshy, and swampy banks of the use a single exertion beyond a preGanges, where the eye is unrelieved scribed and very limited duty fixed by by the smallest change of scenery, themselves. They are very indolent, and not a hill is to be seen in any


debauched in their habits, conserection; in short, where an uninter- quently not to be trusted ; and the Qui ropted view of jungle, flat land, water, hi menials are mighty consequential and mud presents itself.

fellows. This may be from their eduAt Madras the scene on the water cation and intolerant principles; for

they are all Mussulmen. A Bombay tain ; they are considerably injured by servant will do as much work, and do time, it as well, as five Bengal servants. Whom stone and brass obey, The domestics at Madras are chiefly of Who giv'st to every flying hour

To work some new decay. a low Hindoo caste : they are a hardworking, willing set of men, but dirty These caves are very much injured in their habits, and greatly addicted to by the action of the sea-breeze, and drinking

from not having drains cut on the top The markets at Bombay are well of the mountain, to carry off the rain supplied, and for the most part the ar- water; nor has any care been taken to ticles are all of moderate price. The have trenches made at the foundation ; fish are excellent; vegetables are abun- so that in the periodical rains they are dant and good ; poultry is reared by often inundated, and abound with repthe Portuguese in great quantities, and tiles, particularly snakes. From their sold cheap. The bread is said by vicinity to Bombay, they are frequently strangers to be preferable to that made visited by parties of pleasure; and, to in any other part of India. As to com- preserve them from wilful injury by merce, revenue, taxes, manufactures, casual visitors, a wall with a gate has and statistical subjects in general, i lately been erected in front, and left in have but too imperfect an acquaint- charge of an invalid serjeant, with a ance to warrant my introducing them few invalid Siphauees, to protect them. to the notice of my readers.

The old man has a good house adjoinThere was great room for improve- ing, and has a comfortable sinecure of ment in the government of Bombay, it, as most visitors do not forget his and in the extensive countries depend- long stories, and the accommodation ent upon it. It is well known to be a for refreshment which his house af century bebind the other capitals in fords. The view from the caves is every thing that has a tendency to make very fine, as they are situated about a country flourishing, respectable, and 350 feet above the level of the sea, great. It is not for me to investigate Here is the famous colossal figure of the or discuss the causes; I have not the Trimurti, Brāhma, Vishnŭ, and Siva, ability, and much less the inclination; the creating, preserving, and destroyfor, being an officer of that establish- ing, powers of the Hindoo mythology. ment, any observation of mine would, The cave is large, but by no means perhaps, be deemed injudicious: but equal to the large temple of Karli, or all ranks at Bombay, Europeans, as the far-famed ones at Elora. well as natives, rejoice in their present

TRAVELLING. enlightened and able ruler, the late After a pleasant evening with my British resident at Poona*; who, during friends at Panwell, at daybreak my his long residence in India, filled the baggage moved on. As the cavalcade highest diplomatic offices with singular may be new to the English reader, I success in the most difficult times; subjoin a list. Three bullocks to carwhose energy and judgment are pro- ry a tent, twelve feet square, consisting verbial with all classes of natives, and of inner shell and outer fly, and two whose impartiality is acknowledged walls; three bullocks for clothes, proby all branches of the public service. visions, books, &c.; two porters for

camp-cot and writing desk ; one ditto On quitting Butcher's Island, called for breakfast utensils, &c.; one tattoo, by the natives Deva Devi, or Island of or pony, for head servant; two ditto the Gods, not far up the bay stands belonging to my servants, of whom I the celebrated Elephanta Island. It had four with me. There was an esis of considerable elevation, and fa- cort of six Siphauees and a corporal. mous for its caves hewn out of the Several native travellers accompanied solid rock from the face of the moun- my people for their own security, as

the country was sometimes infested * Hon. Mountstuart Elphinstone, well known to

with robbers. the literary world by his “ History of Cabool." In the rainy season with the execra


ble state of the roads, rivulets, or nul- as they are romantic and singular in lahs, running impetuously, and large appearance in others. Above and berivers without bridges, the miseries of yond these mountains we fancy another travelling, regulated by a heavy laden world, of whose inhabitants we know ox's pace, are most intolerable. An nothing; how to visit them, how to Englishman, accustomed to the celeri- penetrate their country, or how to scale ty of mail-coaches, the comforts of an their inaccessible looking wall, extendinn, a dry skin, fine roads, and a beau- ing for thirteen degrees of latitude, and tiful country, would be almost driven rising to a height of from four to 5500 mad. The natives of India never pos- feet. sess much energy of action ; and on a On taking a more leisurely view of heavy monsoon day, when well drench- the mighty wall before me, while waned with rain, they are nearly inani- dering about this most interesting spot, mate : if to this be added journeying in two or three apertures were seen, but an enemy's country, every blade of the difficulty was how were they to be grass burnt up, the wells poisoned, the approached, “whose top to climb is villages destroyed and deserted, and certain falling, or the fear as bad as you for security's sake obliged to keep falling." All my cogitations on the close to your baggage-cattle, that are subject were soon put to rest by the arwalking at a rate of not above two rival of about 250 bullocks, laden with miles in the hour, or hardly that, and grain for the Bombay market, the drothe rain falling in torrents for days to- vers soon having eased my doubts with gether; I think an English traveller respect to the apparent impossibility of would lament a little his hard fate. surmounting the barrier.

While sujourning after his fatigues From the wretched state of the roads, on muddy ground, his baggage wet my poor servants did not arrive till through, and his servants exhausted, past the meridian hour; but one whom the most lonely hedge ale-house in I had sent forward over-night had preCornwall would appear to him a pal- pared my breakfast; after which, as I ace. If travelling by himself in the often was wont to do after the perspirafair season, or N. E. monsoon, with tion produced by walking about the “ all appliances to boot," it is but a village had subsided, I jumped into a melancholy thing; there being but lit- tank, clothes and all, which, without tle on the road to interest or gratify apprehension of danger, I left to dry the traveller, excepting in some large upon me. It was insufferably hot at city, where the pride and vanity of a this place, situate in an ampitheatre of great man may have erected a splendid mountains, the naked face of each burnmosque or pagoda, or dug a fine tank, ing with heat, and reflecting the rays, or for defence built a large fort : the while every breeze was excluded. All intermediate country is the scene of the heat was concentrated, as it were, poverty, wretchedness, and oppression. in a focus ; the thermometer was at I speak of the countries of the native 104 in the shade at 2 P. M. powers; our provinces present a very A little before day-break we comdifferent aspect.

menced our formidable undertaking, of DECCAN.

what appeared to be nothing less than Capooly is a mean, dirty little vil- scaling the mural sides of towering lage, situate at the very base of the mountains. The road, after going great barrier wall of rock that supports some little distance, becomes very steep, the table land of the Deccan, prop- lined with high banks, and interrupted ping up an immense tract of country, by large stones and fragments of rock. some large rivers, several millions The distance may be altogether six of people, and many cities, towns, and miles, but equal to treble that number villages.

in any thing like a good road. ProThis enormous chain of mountain is ceeding onwards on foot, the path at an securely fastened by iron-bound but- abrupt angle overhangs a frightful pretresses of primeval granite, as naked cipice and valley, covered with an eterand frightful to look on in some places, nal jungle, and where probably the foot

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