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ished in the twinkling of an eye; and manned by eight men, who separately instead of pilasters, groves, and colon- moored them above a range of submanades, the shell collector saw nothing rine rocks, and then proceeded to bring but the mountains of Reggio, Messina, up the branches of coral by means of and a beautiful expanse of water, re an instrument formed of two poles of flecting its cultivated shores, and the wood, crossing each other at right cattle that were grazing on its banks.* angles, and having a piece of net fas

“A new scene was now presented tened on the under side ; a large stone to his attention. It consisted of a num- having been previously fixed at the ber of boats skimming rapidly over the points where the poles cross each other, transparent water, each of which was in order to facilitate the descent of the tipped with vivid light; and a fleet of instrument; and a cord strongly tied more than twenty small vessels, with 'round the middle. Each of the fishertheir sails expanded to catch the breeze. men held one of these instruments in They were employed in the coral fish- his hand, and by the help of a comery, which is carried on from the en- panion, guided the net to those places trance of the Taro to the part of the where the coral was supposed to grow, Strait opposite to the church of the wbich was then enclosed in the meshes Grotto, or through a tract of six miles of the net, broken off, and immediately in length, and to the distance of three drawn up." miles from Messina. Each vessel was

VARIETIES.

Original Anecdotes, Literary News, Chit Chat, Incidents, &c.

THE MOON.

INHÀBITANTS AND HABITATIONS OF getation. To the second question, it

is answered that the indications from Professor Gruithausen in Munich which the existence of living beings is has now published the first-third of inferred, are found from 50 degrees his essay on the many plain indica- North latitude to 37 degrees, and

pertions of inhabitants in the moon, and haps 47 degrees South latitude. The especially of a colossal building. The answer to the third question relates to Munich Gazette relates some of the the observations pointing out the plamost remarkable results derived from ces in the moon's surface, in which a great number of observations made are appearance of artificial causes, allast year. They answer three ques- tering the surface. The author here tions-1. To what latitude in the examines the appearances that induces moon are there indications of vegeta- him to infer that there are artificial tion 1-2. How far are there indica- roads in various directions, and he tions of animated beings ?—3. Where also describes the great colossal ediare the greatest and plainest traces of fice, resembling our cities, on the art on the surface of the moon ? most fertile part, near the moon's equaWith respect to the first question, it tor. It is remarkable that it stands appears from the observations of accurately, according the four cardiSchroter and Gruithausen that the ve- nal points, and that the main lines are getation on the moon's surface ex- in angles of 45 and 90 degrees, and a tends to 55 degrees South latitude, building resembling what is called a and 65 degrees North latitude. Ma- star redoubt, is attached to it, which ny hundred observations have shown the discoverer presumes to be dediin the different colours, and monthly cated to religious purposes ; and as changes of the parts, evidently cover the Selenites can see no stars in the ed with plants, three kinds of pheno- day time (their atmosphere being so mena, which cannot possibly be ex- pure) he thinks that they worship the plained, except by the process of ve- stars, and consider the earth as a na

tural clock. The Essay is accompaFor a further description of a La Fata Morgana, nied by several plates. Consult Travels in the Two Sicilies, by Swinburne.

BEETHOVEN.

PLUM PUDDING. Beethoven is the most celebrated This is one of the relics of barbarous of the living composers in Vienna, cookery—a compilation of grossness, and in certain departments the fore- gastronomically unscientific, and premost of his day. His powers of har- eminently unwholesome. Sugar, dougli, mony are prodigious. Though not an and fat are its basis, and in such proold man, he is lost to society in con- portion that its lighter ingredients have sequence of his extreme deafness, not power to redeen its crudity. No which has rendered him almost unso- wonder John Bull is dyspeptic, hypocial. The neglect of his person chondriacal, and suicidal, when plumwhich he exhibits gives him a some- pudding and malt-liquor occupy his what wild appearance. His features stomach so often. Boiled dough is the are strong and prominent ; his eye is food of his youth-solid, stone-like full of rude energy ; his hair, which dough ;—and when he grows up, be neither comb nor scissors seem to mollifies his mess with sugar and have visited for years, overshadows his raisins ; scarcely a day passes without broad brow in a quantity and confu- a wedge of his favourite dish-plumsion to which only the snakes round pudding ; and then he mopes and a Gorgon's head offer a parallel. His drinks his ale, until a sufficient portion general behaviour does not ill accord of the narcotic portion of his beverage with the unpromising exterior. Ex- nods him down to sleep. And yet cept when he is among his chosen John wonders why he suffers from infriends, kindliness or affability are not digestion ! Leave off plum-pudding. his characteristics. The total loss of The French, who know better than we hearing has deprived him of all the do the science of cookery, laugh at us pleasure which society can give, and for patronizing it. perhaps soured bis temper.-Even

Thermometrical Observations. among his oldest friends, he must be

A gentleman perceiving a humoured like a spoilt child. He swallowing liquor from a thermomehas always a small paper book with ter, enquired of a bystander the reahim, and what conversation takes place, is carried on in writing. The which he replied, “Oh! he is getting

son of such a strange proceeding; to mocent he is seated at the piano, he

intoxicated by degrees." is evidently unconscious that there is anything in existence but himself and The Human Heart. 8vo. 10s. 6d. his instrument; and, considering how This volume, which is a collection very deaf he is, it seems impossible of tales, written with considerable that he should hear all he plays. Ac- talent, would have been a much more cordingly, when playing very piano, pleasing work had the author not filled he often does not bring out a single it so very full of horrors. He appe irs note. He hears it himself in the to be never satisfied unless he is lac6 mind's ear.” While his eye, and erating “ the human heart" with some the almost imperceptible motion of appalling narrative, either conjured his fingers, show that he is following up by his own imagination, or selectout the strain in his own soul through ed from the darkest pages of history: all its dying gradations, the instru- Thus the second tale, “ Thou shalt ment is actually as dumb as the musi- not do evil that good may come of it," cian is deaf. He seems to feel the is the well-known story of Col. Kirk's bold, the commanding, and the impe- infamous treachery and violence to tuous, more than what is soothing or the sister of one of his prisoners. It gentle. The muscles of the face does not argue any great sense in the swell, and its veins start out ; the writer of his own powers, when he wild eye rolls doubly wild ; the mouth thus resorts to the horrible, for the quivers, and Beethoven looks like a purpose of infusing an interest into wizard overpowered by the demons his stories ; nor, indeed, is this whom he himself has called up.- the best mode of accomplishing Tour in Germany in 1820, 21, & 22. such an object; for our owu parts,

we rather turn with distaste from these characters, with an English and Latin pictures of death and destruction and version, corresponding, verbatim, to despair. We regret that the author each character. of these tales has not selected more The Calcutta Gazette reports some pleasing themes for his pen, as he ap- interestiug discoveries by Mr. Moorpears to possess talents and feelings croft. in his progress through certain which would enable him to produce a elevated and imperfectly-known remuch more agreeable work. gions bordering on India. Vast quan

tities of timber suited to ship-building; The Brisbane River lately discovere a whiter and more productive kind of ed, and the largest yet known in New wheat than any known in Britain ; Holland, empties into Moreton Bay, several sorts of barley, more producin lat. 28°, and is there three miles tive, and containing more valuable broad ; but at about twenty miles properties for malting than those cultifrom its mouth, it is crossed by a ledge vated in England ; a plant that cures of rocks, on which the tide rises only the rot in sheep, of which disease the twelve feet at high water : at fifty miles late Dr. Bakewell asserted, that hunfrom the sea the tide rose four and dreds of thousands died every year in a half feet, and ran upwards of four Britain ; a hardy variety of hay, with miles per hour : its usual depth from which waste moors and heath-covered hence to the sea is three to nine fath- commons may be cultivated, so as to oms. This river comes from the S. afford winter-food for an additional W., in the direction of the Macquarie million of English sheep. The quality Marshes, distant about three hundred of this food is such as to fatten them in and fifty miles, of which it is the prob- half the time they would require on able outlet : a supposition which seem- any known forage now in use ; a breed ed confirmed by the banks of the of mountain sheep, of which an EngBrisbane, showing no marks of floods, lish cottager may keep three with more than seven feet above a low state more ease than he can maintain a of water.

cur-dog: a little farmer may keep a The Hides of Bees taken out to small flock of them on the waste proNew South Wales by Capt. Wallace, duce of his farm. This breed has been were five of them thriving well, and secured, and provision made for keephad thrown off many swarms, although ing á stock of them for three years. the greater part of these had escaped In 1818, Yuenke, Governor of Caninto the woods ; where they are mul- ton, and Ke Foo Yuen, Deputy Govertiplying fast, owing to the country and nor, wrote to the Emperor to solicit climate being so favourable to their his authority for the composition of a propagation. It seems probable there- topographical description of the Profore, that wild honey and wax, as well vince of Canton, assigning as a reason as that raised in hives, may become that what was composed ninety years ere long articles of export from the before, was become very defective and colony.

inaccurate. The Emperor approved The British Asiatic Journal of No- the project, and the work was undervember contains 'a remarkable article, taken under the direction of twentya sort of prediction, found in the text seven persons of different ranks and of the philosopher Confucius, announc- talents, and submitted to the general ing, in a manner very distinct, that surveilance of the Governor.

Four they were to expect from the west years have been occupied in the com(this is in reference to China) a saint, position and printing of this book. It or holy one, that would instruct men is now about to appear in a hundred in the whole of their duties, and stampvolumes, under the title of Kwangperfection on the principles and prac-tung-tung-che,or General Topography tices of religion. These curious texts, of China. which have already obtained some

CURE FOR THE TOOTH-ACHE. publicity from the labours of Mr. Abel Take a table-spoonful of any kind of

spirits, and the same quantity of sharp Remusat, appear here, in Chinese

vinegar, and a tea-spoonful of common salt;

mix them well together ; hold the liquid in other by molecular attraction, and not by the mouth, so that it can enter the cavity of any motion belongiog to themselves. the tooth, and it will give immediate relief. EARTHLY Matter is composed of hard,

opaque, polyedrous or rounded molecules ; MATTER.

the form and colour of which are not M. BORY DE SAINT VINCENT has lately changed by alterations of wet and dryness. read to the Society of Natural History, and

M. Bory de Saint Vincent thinks that, to the Academy of Sciences at Paris, a cu

with this small number of materials, en. rious memoir on Matter, considered with dowed with invariable properties, Nature is reference to Natural History.

enabled to produce the prodigious variety In consequence of the great errors which of beings which people the universe, all result from the use of microscopes of more subjected to simple and uniforın laws. He extensive power, M. de Saint Vincent has entirely denies the transformation of aniconfined himself in his observations to mi- mals into vegetables, and reciprocally, even croscopes which magpify a thousand times. in microscopic beings. In penetrating by these instruments into the invisible world (to use his own expres

CEMENT FOR GLASS OR CHINA. sion,) matter has constantly presented it.

Garlic, stamped in a stone mortar, the self to him in five states, perfectly distinct; juice whereof when applied to the pieces states which he by no means considers aś to be joined together, is the finest and primordial and elementary, but which, how- strongest cement for that

and will

purpose, ever they may be themselves constituted, leave little or no mark, if done with care. form, by their combinations, the greater

NEW WORKS. part of existing beings. To each of these Canova's Works, complete, 2 vols. imp. classes of corpuscula, he gives a character. fol. 41. 4s.; imp. 4to. 61. 68.-Robivson's Ilistic name, couformable to its most reinark- lustrations of Mickleham Church, roy. 4to. able properties, and classes them in the 258.; imp. 4to. 21. 28.-Rhodes's Peak Scefollowing order :-Mucous MATTER, Liv. nery, or the Derbyshire Tourist, 8vo. 148.ING MATTER, VEGETABLE MATTER, Crys. Hawker's Instructions to young Sportsmen, TALLISABLE MATTER, Earthly MATTER. 3d edit. roy. 8vo. 30s.- Beauvillier's Art of

Mucous Matter shows itself in water French Cookery, 12mo. 78.—The Philomasubmitted to the prolonged operation of air thic Journal and Literary Review, No. I. 5s. and light. It coats the stones which lie at —The Human Heart, post 8vo. 10s. 60.the bottoms of brooks and rivers, and ren Nichols' Arminianism and Calvinism comders them very slippery. It is sensibly pared, 2 parts, 8vo. 208.-Voltaire's Philounctuous to the touch ; and sometimes ac- sophical Dictionary, Vol. IV. 18mo. Ss..quires the consistence of a jelly. Aquatic Preston on the Law of Legacies, 8vo. 14s. animals are more or less covered with it; -Woolrych on the Law of Rights of Comand M.Bory de St. Vincent thinks the viscid- mon, 8vo. 14s ity of sea water is chiefly attributable to it. The compilers of the Percy Anecdotes

Living MATTER, according to M. de Saint having announced a Collection of Histories Vincent, is composed of globules, perfectly of the capitals of Europe, have commenced round, which are the monas lermo, of Mul- their design with the Hislory of London. ler. These globules are in constant agita. It appears to be a collection carefully made, tion, and move with the greatest swiftness. of the most interesting facts which are to Their appearance precedes, by a shorter or be found in the various Histories of London, a longer time, that of the animals called to which are subjoined details relative to infusiores. They incorporate themselves its present state. The materials of the with inucous matter, give it a certain con work are, therefore, unexceptionable, but sistence, and convert it into membranes it chiefly recommends itself by the neatness which seem to require nothing, in order to and elegance of its typography, and particconstitute living bodies, but a nervous net- ularly by some highly-finished engravings work, the manner of the introduction of by Cooke, made after drawings by Neal. which will probably never be discovered. If the other capitals are exhibited in as good

VEGETATIVE MATTER discloses itself in taste, the work will be an acquisition to our all kinds of water, even in distilled. It cabinet libraries. colours, with an agreeable green, the liquid A contribution to military history has in which it is formed, and the bodies which been published in the Journal of an Officer, are immersed in that liquid. M. Bory de written during the Siege of Quebec, in 1775Saint Vincent attributes to it the greenish 6. The narrative is circumstantial and hue of packed oysters. The particles of very interesting, and it is enriched by notes, vegetative matter are compressible, oval, a supplement, and preface, by Mr. Short, and transparent, but of a greenish hue, who in spite of circumstances, continues to motionless, preserving their colour, but to call the Americans revolutionists and losing their form in drying.

rebels. We cannot wonder that the JourCRYSTALLISABLE Matter is the fourth nal should be mingled with such feelings, result of the spontaneous decomposition but the sentiments of the editor are not in which takes place in infusions. It is an keeping. He does not seem to be aware of assemblage of translucid particles, hard, the niaxim, that no glory can be gained in angular, and flat; which approach one an a war which is not both just and necessary.

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COUNTRY CHURCHYARDS. No. III. W Ꮃ PITHIN a short distance of my condensed currents of the living stream;

own habitation stands a pic one, the inhabitants of a far distant turesque old church, remote from any banilet, the other, comprising the potown or hamlet, save that village of the pulation of two smaller ones, within dead contained within the precincts of a shorter distance of the church. And its own sequestered burial-ground. It from many lanes and leafy glades, and is however the parish church of a large through many field-paths and stiles, rural district, comprising several small advance small groups of neighbours, hamlets, and numerous farms and cot- and families, and social pairs, and here tages, together with the scattered resi- and there a solitary aged person, who dences of the neighboring gentry; and totters leisurely along, supported by hither (there being no other place of his trusty companion, his stout oak worship within the parish boundary) staff

, not undutifully consigned by his its population may be seen for the most neglectful children to that silent compart resorting on Sundays, by various panionship, but willingly loitering beroads, lanes, heath-tracks, coppice and hind to enjoy the luxury of the aged, field-paths, all diverging from that con- the warmth of the cheerful sun-beams, secrated centre. The church itself, the serene beauty of nature, the fruit nearly in the midst of a very beautiful ful aspect of the ripening corn-fields, church-yard, rich in old carved head- the sound of near and mirthful voices, stones, and bright verdure, roofing the the voices of children and grandchilnameless graves--the church itself dren, and a sense of quiet happiness, stands on the brow of a finely wooded partaking surely of that peace which knoll, commanding a diversified ex- passeth all understanding. panse of heath, forest, and cultivated And sometimes the venerable Elder land; and it is a beautiful sight on comes, accompanied by his old faithful Sundays, on a fine autumn Sunday in helpmate ; and then they may be seen particular, when the ferns are assuming once more side by side, her arm again their rich browns, and the forest trees locked within his as in the days of their exquisite gradations of colour, courtship ; not, as then, resting on his

no limner upon earth can more vigorous frame, for they have paint—to see the people approaching grown old and seeble together ; and of in all directions, now winding in long the twain, the burthen of years lies straggling files over the open common, heaviest upon the husband, for his has now abruptly disappearing amongst its been the hardest portion of labour. In innumerable shrubby declivities, and the prime of life, during the full flush again emerging into sight through the of his manly vigour, and of her healthboles of the old oaks that encircle the ful comeliness, he was wont to walk churchyard, standing in their majestic sturdily onward, discoursing between beauty, like sentinels over the slumbers whiles with his buxom partner, as she of the dead. From two several quarters followed with her little ones ; but now across the heath, approach the more they are grown up into men and wo.

17 ATHENEUM VOL. 2. 2d series,

such as

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