« 上一頁繼續 »
(Lond. Lit. Gaz.) JOURNAL OF A SECOND VOYAGE for the Discovery of a North-west Passage from the Al an
tic to the Pacific ; performed in the Years 1821-22-23, in H. M.'s Ships Fury and Hecla, under the Orders of Captain Parry. London, 1824. IN proportioning
our matter for our last hope that some good news might shortNumber, we were induced to break ly arrive of their success. Our singingoff in the middle of Captain Parry's in- party had not been long broken up teresting details relative to the inter- wherr it was suddenly announced by course between the Expedition and the one of the children, the usual heralds Esquimaux tribe which settled in its on such occasions, that the men had vicinity during the first winter. These killed something on the ice. The only details we now resume, as they are too two men who were at home instantly curious and characteristic to be abridg. scrambled on their outer jackets, hared unsparingly.
nessed their dogs, and set off to assist “ Having distributed some bread- their companions in bringing home the dust among the women, we told Illu- game, while the women remained for mea and her daughter Togolat that an hour in anxious suspense as to the we proposed taking up our lodging extent of their husband's success. At in their hut for the night. It is a re. length one of the men arrived with the markable trait in the character of positive intelligence of two walruses these people, that they always thank having been taken, and brought with you beartily for this, as well as for eat him a portion of these huge animals as ing any of their meat; but both board large as he could drag over the snow. and lodging may be given to them with. If the women were only cheerful beout receiving the slightest acknowledg. fore, they were now absolutely fraptic. ment either in word or deed. As it A general shout of joy instantly rewas late before the men returned, I echoed through the village ; they ran asked Togolat to get the rest of the wo- into each other's huts to communicate men to perform some of their games, the welcome intelligence, and actually with the hope of seeing something that hugged one another in an ecstacy of was new. I had scarcely time to delight by way of congratulation. make the proposal when she darted out One of them, Arnalooa, a pretty young of the hut, and quickly brought every woman of nineteen or twenty, knowing female that was left at the village, not that a dog belonging to her husband excepting even the oldest of them, who was still at the huts, and that there was joined in the performance with the no man to take him down on the ice, same alacrity as the rest. I could ran out instantly to perform that office; however only persuade them to go and with a hardiness pot to be surpass. through a tedious song we had often ed by any of the men, returned, after before heard, which was now indeed iwo hours absence, with ber load of somewhat modified' by their insisting walrus-fesh, and without even the on our taking 'our turns in the perfor. hood thrown over her head to sbelter mance, all which did not fail to create her from the inclemency of the weather. among them never-ceasing merriment 6 When the first burst of joy had at and laughter. Neither their want of length subsided, the women crept one food and fuel, nor the uncertain pros- by one into the apartment where the pect of obtaining any that night, were first portion of the sea-horses had been sufficient to deprive these poor crea- conveyed, and which is always that of tures of that cheerfulness and good-hu- one of the men immediately concerned Diour which it seems at all times their in the killing of them. Here they peculiar happiness to enjoy.
obtained blubber enough to set all their "The night proved very thick with lamps alight, besides a few scraps of small snow, and as disagreeable and meat for their children and themselves. dangerotis for people adrift upon float- From this time, which was nine o'clock, ing ice as can well be imagined. If till past midnight, fresh cargoes were the women however gave their hus- continually arriving: the principal
part bands a thought or spoke of them to us, being brought in by the dogs, and the it was only to express a very sincere rest by the men, who, tying a thong
which held it round their waist, dragged pains to obtain more till want began in each his separate portion. Before again to stare them in the face. It was the whole was brought in, however, now more pleasing to be assured that, some of them went out three times to even in the midst of plenty, they did the scene of action, though the distance not indolently give themselves up to was a mile and a half.
repose, but were willing to take advan“ Every lamp now swimming with tage of every favourable opportunity oil, the huts exhibited a blaze of light, of increasing their store. It is certain and never was there a. scene of more indeed that were these people more joyous festivity than while the opera- provident, (or in other words less gluttion of cutting up the walruses continued. tonous, for they do not waste much,) I took the opportunity which their pre- they might never know what it is to sent good humour afforded, to obtain a want provisions, even during the most perfect head and tusks of one of these inclement part of the year.” animals, which we had not been able We could hardly find a better deto do before; and indeed, so much scription than what we have just quotwere their hearts opened by the scene of ed, of the general habits and interior abundance before them, that I believe arrangements of the Esquimaux; but they would have given us any thing we there are other of their customs which asked for. This disposition was con- also deserve to be specifically mentionsiderably increased also by their taking ed in this place.Okatook, the hus. it into their beads, that their success band of Iligliuk, was taken ill, and our was in some way or other connected countrymen, with their wonted humanwith, or even owing to, our having tak- ity, had him brought to the ship for cure. en up our night's lodgings at the huts. “ Before the invalid was suffered to
“After viewing all this festivity for leave his apartment, some of the bysome time, I felt disposed to rest ; and standers sent for Ewerat, now better wrapping myself up in my fur coat, known to our people by the undignified lay down on one of the beds which Il- appellation of “ the Conjuror." Ewelumea had given up for our accommo- rat, on this occasion, maintained a dedation, as well as her keipik, or large gree of gravity and reserve calculated deer-skin blanket, which she rolled up to inspire somewhat more respect than for my pillow. The
poor old woman we had hitherto been disposed to enterherself sat up by her lamp, and in that tain for him in that capacity. Placing posture seemed perfectly well satisfied himself at the door of the apartment to doze away the night. The singu- opposite Okotook, who was still seated larity of my night's lodging made me on the bed, he held both bis thumbs in awake several times, when I always his mouth, keeping up a silent but sofound some of the Esquimaux eating, lemn converse with bis toorngow, though after we lay down they kept the object of which was, as Mr. Bushquite quiet for fear of disturbing us. nan presently afterwards found, to inMr. Halse, who was still more wakeful, quire into the efficacy and propriety of told me that some of them were inces- the sick man's removal. Presently he santly employed in this manner for began to utter a variety of confused and more than 3 hours. Indeed the quan- inarticulate sounds; and it being at ty of meat that they thus contrive length understood that a favourable to get rid of is almost beyond belief. answer had been given, Okotook was
“ Having at length enjoyed a sound carried out and placed on the sledge, nap, I found on awaking about five Ewerat still mumbling his thumbs and o'clock that the men were already up, uttering his incantations as before. and had gone out to renew their la. When the party took their leave, there bours on the ice, so that several of were a great many doleful faces among them could not have rested more than those that remained behind ; and Mr. two or three hours. This circum- Bushnan said that the whole scene stance served to correct a notion we more resembled the preparations for a had entertained, that when once abun. funeral than the mere removal of a sick dantly supplied with food they took no
* Familiar spirit.
man. When the sledge moved on, that he went, and the boy himself Ewerat was the only one who had not seemed no less pleased; for without a “ Good-bye !" ready, he being as se- playfellows or amusement of any kind, riously engaged as at first, and contin- his time hung very heavily on his uing so as long as our people could ob hands while he remained on board. It serve him.
was amusing to see Okotook take a "Okotook was extremely ill on his dose of physic for the first time in his arrival, having been three hours on the life to-day. He knew its taste was not sledge, and ligliuk, who, as Mr. Bush- pleasant, but this was certainly not all dan told me, had scarcely taken her that he dreaded ; for before he put the eyes off her husband's face during the cup to his lips with one hand, he held whole time, seemed almost worn out
on by his wife with the other, and she with fatigue and anxiety. A bed of by him with both hers, as though they wolf-skins being prepared for him, expected an explosion, or some such Okotook was soon placed upon it, and catastrophe,
catastrophe, as the immediate effect of such remedies applied as Mr. Edwards the potion; nor did he venture to rejudged necessary for his complaint, linquish his bold, till the taste began to which was inflammation of the lungs leave his mouth. The quantity of wato a degree that, if left to itself, or even
ter which he drank in the course of the to Ewerat, would soon have proved four and twenty hours is beyond con. fatal, or at best have terminated in con- ception; and the cabin fire could sumption....
scarcely, by the melting of the snow, Next day « we heard from Il- furnish enough for their consumption lomea, who came to see her son Oko- These people are extremely particolar took, that a part of the natives had as to the purity of the water they drink. gone still farther to the westward upon Some that had been melted in our the ice, one spot not affording sufficient steamer, and which I thought very subsistence for the whole of them. good, neither of them would touch, or Our patient felt much the better for a at least always spat out again. If the comfortable night's lodging, and now
water was much above the temperasubmitted with great patience to the ture of 32°, they also disliked it, and application of a blister, though I be- immediately put snow into it to cool it lieve his confidence in our mode of down. Iligliuk, who came on board cure was afterwards shaken for a time with one side of her hair loose, loosenby the pain which it occasioned. Both ed the other also to-day, in consequence he and Migliok, however, seemed very of her fancying Okotook worse, though sensibly to feel the comforts and ad- it was only the annoyance of the blisvantages of their present quarters; and ter that made him uneasy; for even a “coyenna" (thanks) now and then in this sequestered corner of the globe, fell from their lips. Nothing could dishevelled locks bespeak mourning exceed the attention which the latter It was not however with her the mere paid to her hushand; she kept her semblance of grief, for she was really eyes almost constantly fixed upon him, much disturbed throughout the day, all and seemed anxious to anticipate every our endeavours not availing to make want. One of Okotook's brothers had her understand how one pain was to arrived from the huts, bringing with be removed by inflicting another. - .. them some walrus-flesh to tempt the “ Togolat came down to the ships appetite of the invalid, wbose stomach, to-day to see her brother Okotook; however, very fortunately for his com she was accompanied by Arnalooa, plaint, was not disposed to this kind of and on their arrival they were both delicacy. When his brother was about sent for into the cabin. We observed to return, Okotook took it into his head however that they required an unusual to send bis son away with him, proba- degree of solicitation to make them go bly because he heard they had the day near Okotook, or even to the side of before killed two seals, which afforded the cabin where he lay concealed by a better feeding than we had to give him; skreen; and after all, they remained be this as it may, we were not sorry in the opposite corner next the door ;
and having talked freely to the invalid fifteen were caught in the course of for some time, took their leave without four hours, on the night of the 25th of seeing him. In the evening, after they November : and the people engaged in were gone, we found that this unfortu- watching the trap remarked that no nate though well-intended visit was uc sooner bad one of these poor animals casioning great distress to Okotook, been taken out, and they themselves who talked for two hours almost inces- retired a few yards, than another entersantly about “ Arnalooa's having seen ed it. So stupid indeed are they in him,” which it seems ought not to this respect that, in several instances, have been the case. What misfortune those which had escaped from the ships was to be apprehended in consequence entered, and were re-caught in the of this event we could not learn; but same traps as before. he spoke of it in a kind of agony, and “Of a great number of foxes weighwas evidently labouring under the in- ed by Captain Lyon during the winter, fluence of some powerful though ab- the average weight was eight pounds, surd superstition respecting it. To- but they varied from pine and a half to wards night he suffered a dreadful seven, and he observed that the males, bleeding at the nose, followed by much though larger than the females, were sickness at the stomach, which, toge- not so fat. The fur of the whole of ther with the phantom of Arnalooa, them when first caught was of the purwhich still haunted his imagination, est white, except in two or three indicombined to make him
extremely un- viduals of a bluish colour, which apwell for some hours. The next day peared to be of a different species. however he was free from complaint of The great variety of dispositions disany kind, and began once more to put played by those which were kept on a smiling countenance.”
for taming was
very remarkable, We shall now devote a column or some being gentle and quiet from two to Natural History and Atmosphe- the time of their first coming on board, rical Phenomena. On the 2d of Janu- and others remaining wild and intracary, it is stated
table in spite of every kindness and “ As a proof of the difficulty which good treatment. Our dogs became fa. the bares must find in obtaining subsis- miliar enough even to play with them ; tence during the winter,, these animals but the foxes were, on their part, never were at this time in the habit of coming entirely free from apprehension on this alongside the ships upon the ice to pick account. The noise they make when up what they could from our rubbish irritated is a weak bali-stifled sort of heaps. A fox or two still entered the bark, but they have also a more shrill traps occasionally, and our gentlemen and piercing cry when much frighteninformed me that they had always been ed. When placed with their houses most successful in catching them after upon the ice, they were constantly ena southerly wind, which they attributed deavouring to burrow in the snow withwith great probability to the smell of in the circle of their chains, and one of the ships being thus more extensively them, where the snow lay deeper than communicated over the island. One usual, soon formed for himself a secure or two of these poor creatures had been and sheltered
apartment under it. found in the traps with their tongues When deprived of the means of doing almost bitten in two. The traps made this, they are far from being proof use of for catching these beautiful little against the severity of the season, for animals were formed of a small cask, two or three died on board the Fury having a sliding door like that of a entirely from this cause, though furnishcommon mouse-trap, and were baited ed with good kennels. Of those which with oiled meat or blubber. The were taken better care of, not one rewhole number caught during the win- mained on board alive when we went ter was between eighty and ninety, of to sea, the greater part having gradualwhich more than seventy were taken ly wasted away, though well fed and before the end of December. In a sin- housed ; and the rest, which were thrisgle trap of Capt. Lyon's, no less than ing better, escaped iu the shore.”
In February, the first wolves, a flock seized the animal in his turn by the of thirteen (all of which were killed throat, squeezing him with all his force gradatim) appeared—“ These animals between both hands. This made the had accompanied or closely followed wolf relinquish bis first attempt, and the Esquimaux on their journey to the Mr. Richards only suffered by a bite in island the preceding day; and they his arm and another in bis knee, which, proved to us the most troublesome part on account of the thickness of his of the suite. They so much resemble clothes, were happily not severe ones. the Esquimaus dogs, that, had it not As for the wolf he prudently took to been for some doubt among the officers his heels, though two of them were still who had seen them, whether they were tied together, and being favoured by so or not, and the consequent sear of this momentary confusion occasioned doing these poor people an irreparable by his late rencontre with Mr. Richinjury, we might have killed most of ards, succeeded in escaping his pursuthem the same evening, for they came He was found dead the following boldly to look for food within a few day at the distance of three quarters of yards of the Fury, and remained there a mile from the ships.” for some time. - .
On another occasion Mr. Elder obAfter a short period, “The wolves serving one of the Esquimaux dogs atbad now begun to do us some damage; tacked by several of these ferocious for not even the sails that were fastened animals, “and hastening to the spot round the house and observatory could with his gun, found that these animals escape their ravenous fangs, and they had made such quick work in the parbad thus in the course of a single night tition of their prey, that though he much injured two of our studding-sails. reached the scene of action in a few We set traps for them on the ice; and minutes, and the dog had at first made also large shark-hooks secured with considerable resistance, only one of chains and baited with meat; but the its bind legs remained, each wolf havformer they entered and destroyed, and ing run off with his share. It is remarthe latter were always found broken or kable that these creatures bad never bent, without securing the depredators. entered our traps since the moon had These animals were indeed so hungry declined to the southward, whereas not and fearless as to take away some of a night elapsed before that without the Esquimaux dogs in a snow-house their going to them. The EsquiDear the Hecla's stern, though the men maux had in their's caught only a fox." were at the time within a few yards of In March, Capt. P. says, “I prothem. -.
cured from a little Toonek a string of “ A wolf being caught in one of the bones, which on inquiry we found to traps this evening which was so close belong to a land animal called by the as to be easily watched ftom the ship, Esquimaux Kablee-anioo, and which a party of the officers ran out to secure we certainly had never met with. the depredator, and fired two balls in- From the description given us by these to the trap at once to despatch him. people on this and several other occaFinding after this that he continued to sions, we considered it likely to be the bite a sword that was thrust in, a third wolverene; but it must be extremely shot was fired at him. The trap was rare in those parts of America." then sufficiently opened to get his hind But the atmospherical, meteorologilegs firmly tied together, after which, cal, and other phenomena are more inbeing considered tolerably secure, he teresting than the accounts of animal was pulled out of the trap, which, howe life. The aurora borealis, double ever, his head had scarcely cleared moons, and other extraordinary apwhen he furiously flew at Mr. Richards' pearances, become of constant occurthroat, and would certainly have done rence. We shall select one description bim some serious mischief had not that as a fair example of the many varieties, gentleman, with great presence of mind, of which the accounts are very well
33 ATHENEUM VOL. 1. 2d scries. written.