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furious man in the world, danger in fight never disturbs him more than just to make him civil, and to command, in words of great obligation, to his officers and men, but without any the least disturbance in bis judgment or spirit.”----Diary of Pepys.
THE MARGRAVINE OF ANSPACH'S ADDRESS TO THE HOUSE OF LORDs, on the Subject of their mutual Privileges, on being refused a recepticn at Court.—The State again in danger!
My Lords—I trust, when you reflect, that in presenting the following facts to your Lordships, I have nothing but the justice due to your own prerogatives at heart, when I claim it for myself, whose whole life must endear my name to my noble relations and every other Peer of England—(but ONE)-I trust you will see I can have no motive for submii. ting the following facts to you, but the sincere wish that you may feel, as I do, that any attempt to innovate upon or diminish our hereditary rights, from government or regal poret, must prove detrimental to the interests of the crown, and the welfare of the people of Eng. land!
Tue KEEPER OF THE KING's CONSCIENCE-HORNE Tooke's REPLY TO TAURLOW. —“Mr. Tooke," said Thurlow, “ I have only one recollection tbat gives me pain." “ You are a fortunate man, my lord,” replied Tooke, “ for you have been AttorneyGeneral, and Lord Chancellor," and Keeper of the King's Conscience.”—Margravine of Anspach.
Tue Wife's TREASURE.-A certain Israelite of Sidon, having been married above ten years without being blessed with offspring, determined to be divorced from his wife. With this view he brought her before Rabbi Simon, son of Jo-cho-e. The Rabbi, who was unfavourable to divorces, endeavoured at first to dissuade him from it. Seeing him, however, disinclined to accept his advice, he addressed him and his wife thus:
:-"My children, when you were first joined in the holy bands of wedlock, were ye not rejoiced? Did ye not make a feast, and entertain your friends ? Now, since ye are resolved to be divorced, let your separation be like your union. Go home, make a feast, entertain your friends, and on the morrow come to me, and I will comply with your wishes.” So reasonable a request, and coming from such authority, could not, with any degree of propriety, be rejected. They accordingly went home, prepared a sumptuous entertainment, to which they invited their several friends. During the hours of merriment, the husband being elated with wine, thus addressed his wife :
My beloved, we have lived together happily these many, many years; it is only the want of children which makes me wish for a separation. To convince thee, however, that I bear thee no ill will, I give thee permission to take with thee out of my house any thing thou likest best.” “ Be it so,” rejoined the woman. The cup went round, the people were merry, and having drunk rather freely, most of the guests fell asleep, and amongst them the master of the feast. The lady no sooner perceived it, than she ordered him to be carried to her father's house, and to be put into a bed prepared for the purpose. The fumes of the wine having gradually evaporated, the man awoke. Finding himself in a strange place, he wondered, and exclaimed, “ Where am I? How came l here? What means all this?" His wife, who had waited to see the issue of her stratagem, stepped from behind a curtain, and begging him not to be alarmed, told him that he was now in her father's house. “ In thy father's house !" exclaimed the still astonished husband; “ How should I come in thy father's house?” “ Be patient, my dear husband,” replied the prudent woman, “ be patient, and I will tell thee all. Recollect, didst thou not tell me last night, I might take out of thy house whatever I valued most? Now, believe me, my beloved, amongst all thy treasures there is not one I value so much as I do thee; nay, there is not a treasure in this world I esteen so much as I do thee." The husband, overcome by so much kinduess, embraced her, was reconciled to her, and they lived henceforth very happily together.—Hebrew Tales.
Sources op NATIONAL ANTIPATHIES," I once heard a Frenchman declare, that he hated the English, parce qu'ils versent du beurre fondu sur leur veau roti. Voltaire said of us, though he did not hate us on that account, that we had but one sauce, and that was melted butter to every thing.”—Margravine of Anspach.
NINON DE L'Enclos, the Founder Of The Sect OF ENLIGHTENED Women “ He (the Duke of Richmond) was descended from the Duchess of Portsmouth, mis. tress to Charles the Second, who, like Ninon de l'Enclos, retained her charms to a very late period of life; for at eighty she was esteemed as having still some attractions left. Ninon was founder of that sect of enlightened women, who afterwards became so numerous, She trod a career, which none of her contemporaries ventured to traverse. [Sic in Colburn.] She was admired by the philosophers of the succeeding century for her free dom of thought-und independence.”-Margravine of Anspach.
Royal WIT." April 21, 1666. I down to walk in the garden at Whitehall, it being a mighty hot pleasant day; and there was the King, who, among others, talked to us a little ; and among other pretty things, he swore merrily, that he believed the Ketch that Sir W. Batten bought the last year at Colchester, was of his own getting, it was so thick to its length.”—Another pleasant thing he said of Christopher Pett, (a puritan,) commanding him that he will not alter his moulds of ships upon any man's advice; · For,' says he, he finds that God hath put him into the right, and so will keep him in it, while he is in.'— And,' says the King, I am sure it must be God put him in, for no art of his own ever could have done it;' for it seems he cannot give a good account of what he do as an artist.”—Diary of Pepys.
FRENCH FEMALE PATRIOTISM.-An affecting scene, and worthy of ancient times, took place at Mulhausen, when I arrived there. A ball was given, the most distinguished persons of the town were met, the assembly was brilliant and numerous. Towards the close of the evening, war and invasion of the territory were talked of; every one communicated his advice, every one told his hopes and his fears.
The ladies were talking together, and conversed on the dangers of their country. On a sudden one of the youngest proposed to her companions, that they should swear never to marry any Frenchman who had not defended the frontiers. Cries of joy, clapping of hands, resounded from every part of the room. The looks of all present were directed towards the ladies ; the rest of the company came up and crowded round them. I went with the throng, I applauded this generous proposal, I had the honour of administering the oath, which every one of the fair patriots came to receive at my hands.-Rapp's Memoirs.
THE MARGRAVINE OF ANSPach's REFLECTIONS UPON THE GROWTH of Luxury. -“ I have often reflected how much luxury has increased in London of late years. Down beds, soft pillows, and easy seats are a species of luxury in which I have never indulged, because they tend to enervate the body, and render it unfit for fatigue. I always make use of hard mattresses, and accustom myself to the open air in all weather. I literally knew two young ladies of high quality, (sisters,) who employed a servant with soft hands to raise them gently out of bed in the morning! Nothing less than allpowerful vanity could make such persons submit to the fatigues of a toilette."
THE MANGRAVINE OF Anspach's ReflECTIONS UPON MARRIAGE.— " Rome was surprised when the great Scipio repudiated his wife, and more particularly, as she appeared to possess those qualifications which could render her husband happy. In justification of his conduct the noble Roman assembled his friends, to whom he showed his foot. • Behold,' said he, “how well this sandal is made, how proper it is—but none of you know where it pinches!'. Without disparagement to the Roman general, there is rarely a shoe after marriage which fits well to the foot. It is with marriage as with masonry, it is only the brotherhood who know the secret
THE MARGRAVINE OF ANSPACH's Advice to MOTHERS." As soon as it (the infant) is conscious of any thing around it, its tender parts make it susceptible of the slightest impressious. When a female is likely to become a mother, she ought to be doubly careful of her temper; and, in particular, to indulge no ideas that are not cheerful, and no sentiments that are not kind. Such is the connexion between the mind and the body, that the features of the face are moulded commonly into an expression of the internal disposition; and is it not natural to think that an infant, before it is born, may be affected by the temper of its mother ?”
A Public ORATOR OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD).-" It was curious, at that period, to hear the virulent declamation of Doctor Crowe, the public orator, in his speech, on the occasion, against the unfortunate Mr. Hastings, who was declared to be unworthy of the dignities (an university degree !) which he was ambitious of procruring. Every invective that could be devised, was made use of. But how was the language of the same orator altered, when, at the installation of Lord Grenville, Mr. Hastings was admitted to the degree of LL.B.! The hearers might have imagined that the whole character of the candidate had been changed, so great were the encomiums passed upon his merits. Perhaps the Doctor was izfluenced, not by party, but by a wish to show the versatility of his talents.” Charitable Margravine !
A VIRTUOUS WOMAN A GREATER TREASURE THAN COSTLY PEARLS.-Such a blessing had the celebrated teacher Rabbi Meir found. He sat during the whole of one sabbath-day in the public school, and instructed the people. During his absence from his house, his two sons, both of them of uncommon beauty and enlightened in the law, died. His wife bore them to her bed-chamber, laid them on the marriage bed, sad spread a white covering over their bodies. Towards ovening Rabbi Meir came
home. “ Where are my beloved sons,” he asked, " that I may give them my bles. sing ?” “They are gone to the school,” was the answer. * 1 repeatedly looked round the school,” he replied, and I did not see them there." She reached him a goblet; he praised the Lord at the going out of the sabbath, drank, and again asked, * Where are my two sons, that they may drink of the cup of blessings ?"'. They will not be far off," she said, and placed food before him that he might eat. He was in a gladsome and genial mood, and when he had said grace after the meal, she thus addressed him : * Rabbi, with thy permission I would fain propose to thee one question." “ Ask it, then, my love !” he replied. · A few days ago, a person entrusted some jewels to my custody, and now he demands them again: should I give them back again ?” “This is a question,” said Rabbi Meir, " which my wife should not have thought it necessary to ask. What! wouldest thou hesitate or be reluctant to restore to every one his own ?" No," she replied, but yet I thought it best not to restore them without acquainting thee therewith.” She then led him to their chamber, and, stepping to the bed, took the white covering from their bodies. • Ah! my suas ! my sons !" thus loudly lamented the father, “ my sons! the light of mine eyes and the light of my understanding; I was your father, but ye were my teachers in the law !" The mother turned away, and wept bitterly. At length she took her husband by the hand, and said, Rabbi, didst thou not teach me that we must not be reluctant to restore that which was in our keeping? See, the Lord gave, the Lord has taken away, and blessed be the name of the Lord !”. “ Blessed be the name of the Lord !" echoed Rabbi Meir, "and blessed be his name, for thy sake too! for well it is written, · He that has found a virtuous woman has a greater treasure than costly pearls. She openeth her mouth with wisdom, and on her tongue is the instruction of kindness.'"-Hebrew Tales.
A KNOWING Khan. At this interview, the khan made all the enquiries which the interruption of the wuzeer prevented at the last; but he hurried them over, impatient for the show which he expected ; nor did he appear to be disappointed. I showed him the sextant, placed the artificial horizon so as to let him see a star reflected in it, the altitude of which I took before him ; then my thermometers, telescopes, &c. and afterwards I permitted him to look over my books of sketches, with figures of camels, horses, men, and women, with all of which he was hugely delighted. He kept constantly exclaiming, " Barick illah! Barick illah! Bravo! bravo!) what strange things these Feringhees have got!” At last his dignity quite deserted him, and he absolutely shouted aloud, clapping his hands, like a child, with surprize and joy. Then came his own display of curiosities, which he made with considerable pride, chiefly consisting of scraps of English articles, among which was a small dressing-case, sent by some of his friends from Tebran, containing razors, tooth-brushes, knives and forks, spoons, boot-hooks, &c. the uses of which he was most profoundly ignorant of, but very desirous to learn; and I think his delight, when I did explain them, was hardly less than his former ecstacies, and lasted till the graver business of dinner put an end to the display and the mirth together. The conversation afterwards was common place enough, turning chiefly on subjects relating to Europe, particularly its governments, armies, revenues, &c.; but his questions showed no great acuteness, and more than common ignorance. I was well satisfied with the visit on the whole, however; for though, as in all his countrymen, there was at first some disposition to act the great man, he could not long continue it, and soon became natural and easy enough.Fraser's Khorasan.
Tue VAMPIRE.-We will now take a view of the vampire. As there was a free cutrance to the vampire in the loft where I slept, I had many a fine opportunity of paying attention to this nocturnal surgeon. He does not always live on blood. When the moon shone bright, and the fruit of tù e banana-tree was ripe, I could see bim approach and eat it. lle would also bring into the loft, from the forest, a green round fruit, something like the wild guara, and about the size of a nutmeg. There was some; thing also in the blossom of the Sawarri nut-tree, which was grateful to him ; for in conuing up Waraulia creek, in a moonlight night, I saw several vampires fluttering round the top of the Sawarri tree, and every now and then the blossoms, which they had broken off, fell into the water. They certainly did not drop off naturally, for en examining several of them, they appeared fresh and blooming. So I concluded, the vampires pulled them from the tree, either to get at the incipient fruit, or to catch the insects which often take up their abode in flowers.
The vampire in general measures about twenty-six inches from wing to wing extended, though I once killed one which measured thirty-two inches. He frequents
old abandoned houses and hollow trees; and sometimes a cluster of them may be seen in the forest, hanging head downwards from the branch of a tree.
The vampire has a curious membrane, which rises from the nose, and gives it a very singular appearance. It has been remarked before, that there are two species of rampire in Guiana, a larger and a smaller. The larger sucks men, and other animais; the smaller seems to confine himself chiefly to birds. I learnt from a gentleman, high up in the river Demerara, that he was completely unsuccessful with his fowls, on account of the smaller vampire. He showed me some that had been sucked the night before, and they were scarcely able to walk.
Some years ago I went to the river Paumaron, with a Scotch gentleman, by name Tarbet. We hung our hammocks in the thatched loft a planter's house. Next morning I heard this gentleman muttering in his hammock, and now and then letting fall an imprecation or two, just about the time he ought to have been saying his morning prayers. “What is the matter, sir ?" said I, softly; is any thing amiss ?" " What's the matter ?" answered he, surlily; why the vampires have been sucking me to death.” As soon as there was light enough, I went to his hammock, and saw it much stained with blood. There," said he, thrusting his foot out of the hammock,“ see how these infernal imps have been drawing my life's blood.” On examining his font, I found the vampire had tapped luis great toe : there was a wound somewhat less than that made by a leech ; the blood was still oosing from it; I conjectured he might bave lost from ten to twelve ounces of blood. Whilst examining it, I think I put him into a worse humour by remarking, that a European surgeon would not have been so generous as to have blooded him without making a charge. He looked up in my face, but did not say a word : I saw he was of opinion that I had better have spared this piece of ill-timed levity.--Waterton's Wanderings in South America.
A Lord CHANCELLOR.
Ilis tenures, and his tricks?"Creed and I did stop, (the Duke of York being just going away from seeing it,) at St. Paul's, and in the Convocation-house yard did there see the body of Robert Braybrooke, Bishop of London, that died, 1401. Ile fell down in the tomb out of the great church into St. Fayth's, this late fire ; and is here seen bis skeleton with the flesh on; but all tough and dry, like spongy leather, or tonchwood all upon his bones. His head turned aside.- A great mun in his time, and Lord Chancellor, and now exposed to be handled and derided by some, though admired for its duration by others, many flocking to see it."'- Pepys.
ONE MORE SPECIMEN OF Dr. Johnson's BRUTALITY.—“ One evening, at a party at Lady Lucan's, when Johnson was announced, she rose and made him the most flattering compliments ; but lie interrupted her by saying, “Fiddle faddle, madam,' and turned his back upon her, and left her standing by herself in the middle of the room.” - Margrarine of Anspach.
THE AIM OF MARSHAL SAXE's AMBITION.-" He proposed to have marched [sic in Colburn) at their head to attack the Turkish Empire, to conquer it, and to gain possession of Constantinople. Having become master of those immense territories-sovereign of an Empire which extended from Poland to the frontiers of Persia, and from Sweden to China, he proposed, at his death, to be interred in St. Sophia."'Saxe was not singular in his taste. A hero of our own evinced a similar passion for glery. Was it not Nelson who exclaimed before the battle of the Nile, -"Now for a coronet or Westminster Abbey!”- Verily, “ honour is a scutcheon.”—Margrurine of Anspach. * A dazzling ARCUMENT.-" You teach," said the Emperor Trajan to Rabbi Joshua," that your God is every where, and boast that he resides amongst your nation. I should like to see him." " God's presence is indeed every where," replied Joshua, “ but he cannot be seen ; no mortal eye can behold his glory.” The emperor insisted. “ Well," said Joshua, “ suppose we try to look first at one of his ambassadors ?” The Emperor consented. The Rabbi took him in the open air at noon-day, and bid him look at the sun in its meridian splendour. “ I cannot,” said Trajan,
- the light dazzles me.” “ Thou art unable,” said Joshua, “to endure the light of one of his creatures, and canst thou expect to behold the resplendent glory of the Creator ? Would not such a sight annihilate thee?”Hebrew Tules.
A NAUTICAL EXPERIMENT BY a Person of Quality. During my residence at Southampton, in 1806, where I had a house pleasantly situated near the river, the Marquis of Lansdowne, who was extremely fond of aquatic excursions and delighted in nautical experiments, had prepared a vessel, which he had built at Southampton, under the superintendence of a skilful engineer. It was in the month of November, and Captain Haywood, of the Navy, requested permission to attend bis lordship, who wished to try how the vessel would sail without ballast; it being double bottomed. The captain having approved the experimeut, they agreed to leave the quay at twelve o'clock; the tide then running up, and it being nearly high water, with a gale blowing hard. In a few minutes, they had proceeded from the quay about a mile, and the vessel being schooner-rigged, by the time the head-sails were set, in running up the main-sail, she overset. Lord Lansdowne was the only person thrown out, as he was standing inattentively upon the deck; the rest of the party, seven in number, clung to the side of the vessel; fortunately his lordship caught hold of the mast-head, and thus preserved himself from destruction-lemoirs of the Margravine of A spach.
A Cossack CourLIMENT.-The novelty of our entertainment was, however, yet to come. A dozen strapping Cossacks now entered the room, and began to entertain us with a variety of their national songs, the whole singing together, but each taking separate parts. After this had proceeded for a time, all on a sudden, they caught up one of our party, laid him out on their arms, and began tossing him into the air, thus making him dance to the tune of their song; this was repeated in succession to each individual, and considered a great compliment, which was returned by a present of money; It was practised upon the general himself, as well as his visitors. A single individual of our party alone escaped this dance in the air ; he was one of the Imperial chamberlains, and so bulky, that the don amateurs were actually shy of amusing themselves with this person.--Holman's Travels in Russia, &c.
Excuses FOR SPENDTHRIFT NOBLEMEN AND GENTRY.-Fuller says that the lands in Berkshire are very skittish, and apt to cast their or zers. “ I (the Margravine of Anspach) must observe, that this language is not the language of Truth: it is the gentry who have voluntarily quitted their saddles--and not the lands that cast their owners. For some, many excuses may be found : accumulated taxes, and the exorbitunt price of all the first necessaries of life, together with the many ingenious ways tradespeople hate of cheating, make it impossible for a gentleman to live at his seat; or, indeed, hardly ery where ; so that one half of our nobility and gentry are poorer than the poor, or owe a wretched existence to places or pensions, unworthy of their birih or sentiments, [poor men !] and we see the finest and prettiest places in England possessed by nabobs, bankers, or merchants.” Every great person has liis or her star. It was reserved for my bright star--that noble star which presided at my birth, to save Benham from this humiliation."
TAKING TEA IN Persia.- After dinner, the ameerzadeh, who knew that I usually took tea, asked me if I chose to have it with or without cream ; on my requesting to have it in the former way, a dish was brought me covered with the most beautiful cream ; but to my surprise, upon tasting it, I discovered that it had been seasoned with salt instead of sugar. I expressed my surprise at this, and was informed that it was the Oosbeck custom to sweeten only the tea which is drunk plain, but that if milk or creain be added, salt is used instead of sugar. I drank my saline beverage, nor was it very disagreeable, but I bargained for a dish with both cream and sugar, after it.
Tea is much used by the Oosbecks in various shapes ; boiled with water, with a great deal of fine sugar, it is drunk in the forenoon, and presented to guests; boiled with salt and thickened with its own leaves, and bread and butter broken among it, sometimes with the bread and butter alone, it forms a common article of diet, particularly for breakfast ; and made with cream and salt, as above, it is taken as a wholesome and refreshing restorative.- Fraser's Khorusan.
Persiax Character.-One amusing instance of this unblushing beggary and want of candour came to our notice when just quitting Sheerauz. A person, formerly a slight acquaintance of Dr. Jukes, came to our quarters ; he had once been governor of a district, and became rich, but was ruined by the usual process ;-the sponge, when well saturated, had been squeezed dry and thrown aside. This man had been observed hanging about, and assiduous in his offers of service, until he attracted potice, and was asked what he wanted : he said he was poor and unemployed, and wanted service. This, the envoy told him, was impossible ; the establishment was full: still he hung on, and the next day, contriving once more to attract the envoy's notice, he told him that he possessed a right to a house in town, of which he had been unjustly