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Armenian of the name of Pascal, took advantage of it, and in 1673, opened a coffeehouse in Paris; but in consequence of the very inferior manner in which it was fitted up, and the low company admitted, his scheme did not succeed. Procopius, a Florentine, perceiving the error, fitted up a fine apartment, and having already acquired a reputation among the epicures by the introduction of ices into Paris, his coffee-house met with great encouragement.

One very beneficial consequence resulted from the general and fashionable use of coffee in Paris: in the seventeeth century, habits of intoxication prevailed, even among the highest classes, who were not ashamed to frequent the cabarets in parties, for the purpose of this degrading debauch. Louis XIV. in vain had exerted his influence, directed his indignation, and appealed to the love and respect of his subjects for their grand monarch, to put down this practice: what he could not do, Procopius and the other coffee-house keepers accomplished. The cabarets were deserted by men of rank and of letters: the coffee-houses became the places of their resort, and at this period, Saurin, La Mothe, Dauchet, Boindin, J. B. Rousseau, &c. met there, and planned or composed their most celebrated pieces.

UNIVERSITY INTELLIGENCE.

OXFORD.

November 24. The following degrees were conferred :—
Masters of Arts.

Rev. Henry W. Walker, Exeter College.
Rev. G. B. F. Potticary, Magdalen Hall.
Rev. William Hutchins, Magdalen Hall.
Robert G. Rogers, Oriel College.
Rev. Thomas W. Mercer, Trinity College.
Bachelors

Baldwin Fulford, Exeter College.
Caledon G. Duprè, St. Mary's Hall.
W. J. Copleston, Corpus Christi College.
Thomas Evans, Oriel College.

Rev. F. Richardson, University College.
Rev. Francis J. Blandy, Fellow of St.
John's College.

Simon Webb, Wadham College.

Mr. Rice Rees and Mr. Henry Reynolds, elected Scholars of that Society.

James F. Crouch and John W. Richards have been admitted Scholars of Corpus Christi College.

John Dayman, BA. and Scholar of Corpus Christi College, has been elected Fellow of that Society.

John Davenport, Worcester College.
Rev. G. Lowdon Hanson, Queen's Coll.

of Arts.

William Compton, Trinity College.
Francis Drake, Worcester College.
Robert Evans, Jesus' College.
William Dunn, Baliol College.

Commoners of Jesus' College, have been

Rev. C. J. Meredith, BA. has been elected Fellow of Lincoln College.

December 1.--The following degrees were conferred:--

The Rev. G. Saxby Penfold, of Merton College, and Rector of Christchurch, St. Mary-la-bonne, Bachelor and Doctor in Divinity, by accumulation, grand compounder. Masters of Arts.

Rev. R. C. Hathway, Jesus' College.

James Hadley, Worcester College.
Edward Cove, Worcester College.
Edward N. Henning, Worcester College.
Thomas A. Holland, Worcester College.
Adolphus Kent, Exeter College.
Peter Brett Bull, Queen's College.
Philip Jacob, Corpus Christi College.
John Hambleton, St. Edmund Hall.

Bachelors of Arts.

Č. Octavius S. Morgan, Christ Church.
W. Drury Holden, Christ Church.
W. Hazel, Christ Church.
Peter Hall, Brazenose College.

Heathfield W. Hickes, Pembroke College.
James Hughes, Jesus' College.

Griffith Howel, Jesus' College.

The following subjects are proposed for the Chancellor's prizes for the ensuing year: For Latin Verses.- Montes Pyrenæi."

For an English Essay. "Is a rude or a refined age more favourable to the production of works of fiction ?"

For a Latin Essay." Quibus præcipue de causis in artium liberalium studiis Romani, Græcis, vix pares, nedum superiores evaserint."

The first of the above subjects is intended for those gentlemen of the University who have not exceeded four years from the time of matriculation; and the other two for such as have exceeded four, but not completed seven years.

Sir Roger Newdigate's Prize-for the best composition in English verse, not containing either more or fewer than fifty lines, by any Undergraduate, who has not exceeded four years from the time of his matriculation-" Trajan's Pillar."

The exercises are all to be sent under a sealed cover to the Registrar of the University, on or before the first day of May next. None will be received after that day. The author is required to conceal his name, and to distinguish his composition by what motto he pleases; sending at the same time his name sealed up under another cover, with the motto inscribed upon it. No person who has already obtained a prize will be deemed entitled to a second prize of the same description.

The exercises to which the prizes shall have been adjudged, will be repeated (after a previous rehearsal) in the Theatre, upon the Commemoration Day, immediately after the Public Orator's Creweian Oration.

December 8.-Mr. W. Cripps, of Trinity College, was elected to the Vinerian Scholarship.

The following degrees were conferred :

Doctor in Civil Law.

Philip Williams, Esq. late Fellow of New College, Vinerian Professor of Common Law, Grand Compounder.

Masters of Arts.

Rev. J. Allan Park, Baliol College, Grand Compounder.
Alexander A. Park, Baliol College.
Bachelors of Arts.

George Monnington, Worcester College.
John May, Exeter College.
Charles Gillbee, Queen's College.
Horatia Todd, Queen's College.
Richard Lewis, Magdalen Hall.

December 17.-The following degrees were conferred :

Geo. F. P. Jenkins, Pembroke College.
William Leslie, Lincoln College.
Arthur Lewis, Trinity College.
Wadham Locke, Merton College.

Doctor in Divinity.

Rev. Joseph White Niblock, St. Edmund Hall.
Doctor in Civil Law.
Rev. G. Leeson Cursham.

Masters of Arts.

John Wright, Brasenose College, Grand
Compounder.

Rev. W. Cornish, Fellow of Exeter Coll.

Thomas Morris, Magdalen Hall.
Thomas Sale, Demy of Magdalen College.
Roger Pilkington, Exeter College.
William Palmer, St. Mary's Hall.
W. Luke Nichols, Queen's College.
Elisha W. Hood, Wadham College.
George A. Smyth, Edmund Hall.
Thomas Riddell, Edmund Hall.

W. de Capell Brooke, Brasenose College.
Rev. Stephen Sanderson, Pembroke Coll

Bachelors

of Arts.

J. N. Palmer, St. John's College, Grand John Parry, Craven Scholar and Scholar of Brasenose College.

Compounder.

Cyrus Morrall, Brasenose College.
John Derby Ness, Lord Creeve's Exhibi-
tioner, Lincoln College.

George W. Brooks, Christ Church.
Edward Jones, Jesus' College.

Geo. Morris, Scholar of Corpus Christi.
James Hutchinson, St. John's College.

CAMBRIDGE.

December 7.-At a congregation held this day the following degrees were conferred:

Doctor in Physic.

Edward J. Seymour, Jesus' College.

Bachelor in Divinity.

Rev. R. R. Faulkner, St. John's College, (Compounder.)

Masters of Arts.

Thomas Rawson, Trinity College, (Compounder.)
William Cornwell, Jesus' College.

Bachelors in Civil Law.

John D. Burnaby, Emmanuel College.
Rev. W. Gane, Trinity Hall, (Coumpounder.)
Rev. Henry Good; Trinity Hall.

Bachelors of Arts.

Henry R. Yorke, St. John's College.
William C. Humphrey, St. Peter's College.

At the above congregation, graces to the following effect passed the Senate:To appoint Professor Starkie, Mr. Findal, of Trinity College, and Mr. Alderson, of Caius, Counsel to the University.

To increase the funds of the library, by a quarterly contribution of one shilling and sixpence from each Member of the University, especially Sizars. To rescind the 6th regulation of the previous examination, viz: "That every person when examined, shall be required to construe some portion of each of the subjects so to be appointed; to explain the grammatical construction of particular passages; and to answer printed questions relating to the evidences of Christianity, and to the geography, chronology, and history of the other subjects of examination."

And to substitute the following, viz: "That every person, when examined, shall be required, (1) to translate some portion of each of the subjects appointed as aforesaid; (2) to construe and explain passages of the same; and (3) to answer printed questions relating to the evidences relating to Christianity."

To allow an additional day for the examination; to put the examination under the superintendence of the Pro-Proctors for the time being; and to authorize the ProProctors and the four Examiners to require the attendance of one, and the same time, of no greater number of the persons to be examined than can be properly accommodated in the Senate House."

The subject of the Chancellor's English poem for the present year is Venice. Dec. 14. Mr. W. Powley, of Jesus College, was admitted Bachelor of Arts; and Charles Eckersall, MA. of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, was admitted adeundem of this University.

The following graces passed the Senate:

To appoint Mr. Hughes, of Emmanuel College, an Examiner at the Classical Examination after admission ad Respondendum Quæstion, in January next, instead of Mr. Law, of St. John's College.

To appoint Mr. Warren, of Jesus College, and Mr. Chevalier, of Catherine Hall, (the Moderators of the preceding year) also Mr. Hughes, of St. John's College; Mr. Ramsay, of Jesus' College, Mr. Fennel, of Queen's College, and Mr. Porter, of Christ College, Examiners of the Quæstionist in January next.

To allow the Moderators and Examiners with the approbation of the Professors of Divinity, Law, and Physic, to conduct the examination of the first six classes in the Public School.

To re-appoint the Syndicate empowered by a grace of Nov. 24, 1824, to treat with the Provost and Fellows of King's College, for the purchase of the Old Court; the property of the said College.

To allow Professor Lee to retain their Arabic MSS. obtained by grace out of the Public Library, till Midsummer next.

To appoint the Vice-Chancellor, the Master of Jesus, the Master of Downing, Dr. Haviland, Professor Turton, Mr. Bridge, Mr. Byam, Mr. Griffith, Mr. Peacock, Mr. Shelford, Mr. Croft, Mr. Crawley, Mr. Tasker, and Mr. King, a Syndicah to consider the expediency of building an Examination Hall, and to report to the Senate before the first of May next, on the best site for the same, and the best means of carrying the design into effect.

To affix the University seal to the letters patent of Professor Slarkie, "Mr. Tindal, and Mr. Alderson, University Counsel."

December 22.-A grace passed the Senate " To affix the University seal to a letter addressed to Sir John Richardson, requesting him to determine after hearing Counsel, the manners in which the professors of mineralogy, botany, and anatomy, are, in future, to be elected."

Sidney Gedge, Esq. BA. of Catharine Hall, has been elected a Foundation Fellow of that society.

ECCLESIASTICAL PREFERMENTS.

Oxford.-Rev. F. Swan, BD. to a Prebendal Stall in the Cathedral Church of Lincoln.-Rev. G. H. Curton, MA. to the Rectory of East Barkwith, Lincolnshire; Patron, G. R. Heneage, Esq. of Hainton House.-Rev. Henry Wetherell, BD. to the Archdeaconry of Hereford.-Rev. B. Pope, to the Vicarage of Oxborne, St. George, Wilts. Rev. J. Saumarez, MA. to the Rectory of Huggate, in the East Riding of Yorkshire; Patron, The King.-Rev. W. Greenhill, BD. to the Rectory of Farnham, in the County of Essex; Patrons, the President and Fellows of Trinity College.-Rev. John Davison, BD. to be Prebend of Worcester College.-Rev. F. C. Massingberd, MA. to the United Rectory of South Ormsby, with Ketsby, Driby, and the Vicarage of Calceby annexed; Patron, C. B. Massingberd, Esq. of Ormsby Hall, Lincolnshire. -Rev. Charles Trelawney Collins to the Rectory of Timsbury; Patrons, the Master and Fellows of Baliol College.

Cambridge. Rev. Thomas Kennion, BA. to the perpetual Curacy of Harrogate ; Patron, Rev. A. Cheap.-Rev. Edward M. Salter, MA. to the united Rectories of Wood Norton and Swanton Novers, Norfolk.-Rev. Gooch Fowell, MA. to be perpetual Curate of St. Mary's in Thetford; Patron, the Earl of Albemarle.-Rev. Temple Chevalier, late Fellow and Tutor of Catharine Hall, to the Vicarage of St. Andrew the Great. -Rev. Isham Case, MA. to the Vicarage of Metheringham, in the county of Lincoln; Patron, the Earl of Bristol.-Hon. and Rev. E. Rice, DD. to be Dean of Gloucester.Rev. John Davidson, BD. to be Prebend of Worcester.

PRICES OF SHARES IN THE PRINCIPAL CANALS, DOCKS,
WATER-WORKS, MINES, &C.

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LIST OF PROJECTED WORKS.

Six Letters on the Past Operations and Future Prospects of Joint Stock Companies. By John Wilks, Jun. Esq.

The Rev. R. W. Hamilton, one of the Vice Presidents of the Leeds Philosophical and Literary Society, has nearly ready for Publication, an Essay on Craniology, being the substance of a Paper submitted by him to that Society.

The Rev. Christopher Anderson is about to put to Press, a Work, called "The Constitution of the Human Family; with the Duties and Advantages which are involved in that singular Constitution."

The History of Scotland, for the Use of Schools; by the Rev. Alexander Stewart; in 1 vol. 12mo, is in the Press.

Mr. George Fulton is about to publish "Lessons adapted to the Capacities of Children; with a Vocabulary," in 1 vol. 12mo.

Preparing for Publication, in 1 vol. 4to, uniformly printed with Dr. Todd's Edition of Johnson's Dictionary, Etymons of English Words. By John Thomson, M.R.I. and M.A.S. late Private Secretary to the Marquis of Hastings, GovernorGeneral of India.

Speedily will be published, in one neat Pocket Volume, royal 18mo. The New French Manual, and Traveller's Companion; containing a familiar Introduction to French Pronunciation, a Vocabulary, and a Selection of Phrases on the most common and useful subjects;-also, a Series of Conversations, descriptive of the Public Buildings, Institutions, Curiosities, Manners, and Amusements of the French Capital; with Models of Cards and Letters, and Tables of French and British Monies, Weights, and Measures;-exhibiting the exact Pronunciation of every Word, Phrase, &c. contained in the Work. By Gabriel Surenne, FSSA. Teacher of French, Edinburgh.

Next Month will be published, 8vo. Mathematical Tables; containing improved Tables of Logarithms of Numbers, Logarithmic Sines, Tangents, and Secants, together with a number of others, useful in Practical Mathematics, Astronomy, Navigation, Engineering, and Business; preceded by a copious Introduction, embracing their Explanation, and Rules and Formulæ for their application, with a Collection of appropriate Exercises. By William Galbraith, AM. Lecturer on Mathematics, Edinburgh. Early in January will be published, in Demy 18mo. Hours at Home, by Mrs. C. B. Wilson.

Mr. Allan Cunningham is preparing for publication "Paul Jones," a Romance, in 3 vols, post 8vo.

Shortly will be published, a Historical Novel, in 3 vols. 12mo, entitled "William Douglas; or the Scottish Exiles."

Nearly ready. in 1 vol. 12mo, "The Cook and Housewife's Manual. By Mrs. Margaret Dods, of the Cleikum Inn, St. Ronan's.

In the Press, a valuable Work, entitled "The Contest of the Twelve Nations; or a Comparison of the different Bases of Human Character and Talent," in 1 vol, 8vo.

On the 1st of January will be published, in 1 vol, 12mo, The Father's Guide in the selection of a School for his Son; being a short Account of all the Schools in England from which Scholars have a claim to Fellowships, Scholarships, Exhibitions, and other Honors and Emoluments in the two Universities. By a Member of the University of Cambridge.

Lyrics of the Heart; with other Poems. By Alaric A. Watts, Author of Poetical Sketches. In 1 vol, foolscap, with a Vignette Title-page.

Sketches selected from the Note Book of the late Charles Hamilton, Esq. By G. K. Hervey, Author of Australia.

The First number of Bolster's Quarterly Magazine, is to appear in London, Edinburgh, and Dublin, on the 1st of February. It is the only Literary Journal in Ireland.

In the Press, Dartmoor, a Descriptive Poem, by N. T. Carrington, Author of the Banks of Tamar; with a Preface and Notes by Wm. Burt, Esq. Secretary of the Chamber of Commerce, Plymouth; and Four Views and Eight Vignettes, Drawn and Etched by P. H. Rogers, Esq. Plymouth.

The Travellers; or Adventures on the Continent, in 3 vols, post 8vo.

The Spanish Anthology; being a Translation of the Choicest Specimens of the Spanish Poets, with their Biographical Notices. By J. H. Wiffen, in 1 vol. 8vo. uniform with the Works of Garcilasso.

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