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I walked about Amsterdam for many days, and nothing delighted me more than the bustle displayed on the Harbour, and the Key (or Quay) along the margin of the exterior of the Y. The two great dikes, nearly parallel with the shore, serve the double purpose of protecting a part of the town from inundation, and of gaining from the river, space for the formation of prodigious docks or basins, which are capable of holding 1,000 large vessels. It is delightful to walk about among the forests of masts, and to see the sailors, and the various pedestrians pursuing their various callings among the hum of voices, and the “ship calls” of those bringing their vessels in or out of the harbours. At the extremity of one of these dams stands the herring-packing tower, and in front of this, during the season of the herring fishery, all the business connected with the examining, sorting, and re-packing of the fish for foreign markets is transacted. Of course this is a very busy scene. To the east of this are the National Dock Yards, and there are now several vessels-of-war on the stocks. On the whole, my visit to Amsterdam was a most pleasant one, and I should strongly advise my young friends, such of them as are old enough, to save up their pence, and take a week's a trip to Holland. What they may see at Rotterdam I will detail at another time.
Method of catching Deer by the Indians,
AND HOW THEY CATCH BUFFALOES.
HE Indians, that is the North
American Indians, of whom I have more than once said many words—are very expert and adroit at all things relating to fishing, hunting, shooting, and tracking wild animals. Their ways of impounding deer, are very curious, that I wish to relate them to you.
When Indians design to impound deer, they look out for one of the paths in which a number of them have trod, and which is observed to be still frequented by them. When these paths cross a lake, or a wide river, or a barren plain, they are found to be much the best for the purpose ; and if the path runs through a cluster of woods capable of materials for building the pound, it adds considerably to the commodiousness of the situation.
The pound is built by making a strong fence of bushy trees, without observing any degree of regularity, and the work is continued to any extent, according to the pleasure of the builders. I have seen some that were not less than a mile round, and am informed that others are still more extensive. The door or entrance to the pound is not larger than a common gate, and the inside is so much crowded with small circular hedges, as very much to resemble a maze ; in every opening of which they set a snare made with thongs of parchment or deer skins.
One end of the snare is usually made fast to a growing tree; but if no one of sufficient age can be found near the place where the snare is set, a loose pole is substituted, which is always of such a size and length, that a deer cannot drag it far before it gets entangled among the other trees, which are all left standing, except what is found necessary for making the fence, hedges, &c.
The pound being thus prepared, a row of small brush-wood is stuck in the snare on each side of the door or entrance, and these hedge-rows along the open path of the lake, river, or plain, where neither stick nor stump besides, is to be seen. These poles of brush-wood are generally placed at the distance of fifteen or twenty yards from each other, and range in such a manner as to form two sides of an acute angle, growing gradually wider in proportion to the dimensions of the pound, which, as I am told, is sometimes not less than two or three miles, while the deer-path is exactly along the middle between the two rows of brush-wood.
Indians employed in this service always pitch their tents on or near an eminence that affords a commanding prospect
of the path leading to a pound; and when they see any deer going that way, men, women, and children walk along the lake, or river-side, under cover of the wood, until they get behind them, then step forth to open view, and proceed towards the pound in the form of a crescent.
The poor timorous deer finding themselves pursued, and at the same time taking the two rows of bushy poles to be two ranks of people stationed to prevent their passing to the other side, run straight forward in the path till they get into the pound. The Indians then close in, and block up the entrance with some bushy trees which they have cut down, and which they place ready for the purpose.
The deer being thus enclosed, the women and children walk round the pound to prevent them escaping over the fence, while the men are employed in massacreing such as are entangled in the snare, and shooting with bows and arrows those which remain loose in the pound. This method of hunting, if it deserves the name, is sometimes so successful, that many families subsist by it, without having occasion to remove their tents above once or twice during the whole course of the winter.
Such is the way, my young friends, in which the Indians catch deer. I shall now inform you of the method they adopt to catch buffaloes.
60-ANA N.JS TIO
HOW THE INDIANS CATCH BUFFALOES.
The Omawhaw Indians hunt the Bison in the following manner. The hunters, who are in advance of the main body on the march, employ telegraphic signals from an elevated position" to convey a knowledge of their discoveries to the people. If they see Bisons, they throw up their rifles in a peculiar manner, as a signal for a halt.
The hunters then return as speedily as possible to the camp, and are received with some ceremony on their approach. The chiefs and magicians are seated in front of the people, puffing smoke from their pipes, and thanking the Master of Life with such expressions as "Thanks Master of Life. Thank you Master of Life. There is smoke.
There is smoke. I am poor and hungry, and want to eat."
The hunters then draw near the chiefs and magicians, and in a low tone of voice inform them of their discovery. When