ePub 版

restraints on the prerogative of the crown. Animadverts on the attempts of

the diljenters to influence members of parlianrent. Thinks it would be dan-

gerous to trust them with power. And that tesis, the severity of which could

be occafionally mitigated, were necesary to enable government to ward off

danger in cases of necesity. Mr. Burke concurs with Mr. Fox in his prin-

ciples of toleration; but thinks the difjenters, at the present moment, not in-

titled to indulgence. . Charges them with factious and dangerous praćtices,

and reads various papers in support of his charge. Suggests the propriety of

a new test, and of a committee to enquire into their recent conduct. Mr.

Fox's motion rejected by a majority of 294 to 105. Motion by Mr. Flocd

for a reform in parliament. States the inadequacy of the present mode of

representation. Proposes one hundred additional members to be chosen by re-

fident housekeepers. His arguments to prove the neceflity of a reform.. An-

fwers objeciions. The motion opposed by Mr. Wyndham. He asserts, that

the house of comnions, as at present constituted, is adequate for all beneficial

purposes. Answers the objections relative to the American war. Deprecates

innovations founded upon theories. Objects to the time as dangerous. Mr.

Pitt objects' to the motion as ill-timed. Sir James Johnstone's cbjections.

Mr. Fox supports the motion, and answers the objection of its being ill-

timed. Mr. Burke in reply. Other speakers on both fides the question.

The motion agreed to be withdrawn.


[blocks in formation]

Motion by Mr. Montagu for increasing the salary of the speaker of the house

of commons. He states his present emoluments, argues upon their infuffi-
ciency, and proposes that they should be advanced to £: 5,000 per axnum.
Motion opposed by Mr. Husey, as tending to increase the influence of the
crown. Supported by Mr. Marsham and other gentlemen. Amendment pro-
posed in the committee that the salary should be £.6000 per annum,
and carried by a large majority. India budget opened by Mr. Dundas.
Comparative statement of the revenues and charges in India. Flouri;hing
fiate of the company's affairs in general. Doubts expressed by Mr. Hufey.
Speech of Mr. Francis upon the affairs of India. Proofs of the com-
pany's difreys. Observations on the duty on falt. Remarks on ihe letter of
Lord Cornwallis. Mr. Devaynes in reply to Mr. Francis. Mr. Dundas
afèrts the falbhood of Mr. Francis's fiatement. Resolutions passed by the
committee. Sir J. R. Miller's account of the proceedings of the committee on
weights and measures, to be inserted entire in the article of useful projects.
Petitions presented for übe repeal of the tobacco excise ait. Motion upon
that subjeat by Nir. Sheridan, aljerts that the act had endangered the
foreign trade, encouraged sinuggling, and laid the manufacturer under insuper-
able hardships. Mr. Pitt in reply. Sir Grey Cooper, Mr.Wyndham, and
Mr. Fox, for the motion. Rejected by a majority of 191 to 147. Bill
passed to explain and amend the tobacco uct. Clause to grant trial by juries
rejected. Budget for the year 1790. Flourishing state of the finances and


growing prosperity of the country. Remarks on the budget by Mr. Sheridan.
Melage from the king to both houses of parliament relative to the disputes
with Spain. Addresjes voted unanimously. Motions for papers and debates
thereon. Vote of credit for a million. Committee on American claims.
Case of Mr. Penn. Compensation voted for the lofjes of his family. Penfion
granted to Dr. Willis. Amendment of the tontine act. Account of pro-
ceedings relative to the have trade. Proceedings relative to the trial of
Mr. Hastings. Speech from the throne. Parliament prorcgued. Summary
of the proceedings of the Irish parliament.


[blocks in formation]

Proceedings of the national assembly after the new law had established some

order and security in Paris. Apply closely to the vaft mass of public buss-
ness upon their hands. Political annihilation of the two first orders of the
ftate. New laws for regulating elections. Appellation of active citizens,
to whom applied. Much trouble ftill with the provinces, to bring them to a
surrender of their peculiar rights and privileges. France at length divided
into eighty-three departments, and the term Province expunged from the
language. Creation and organization of municipalities. Letters de cachet
abolished. Gabelle, and others of the most obnoxious taxes, abolished. Afjem-
bly enter into tbe intricate business of finance ; augment the pay of the army ;
and establish a new bank. Grand scheme for seizing the estates of the clergy,
and offering them as a present to the nation, to serve as a fund and secu-
rity for the discharge of the public debts, and to answer other important
purposes. Some dificulties and obstructions, which appear in the way of car-
rying this scheme into execution, are far out-balanced by the vast advantages
swhich it is capable of producing. Decree passed, which declares all the
ecclefiaftical estates to be at the disposal of the nation. Stipends allotted for
the maintenance of parish priests, &c. Discontents rise to the bighest pitch
amongst the clergy, many of the bishops, and nearly all the chapters in the
kingdom, protest against the decree. Combination of the canons, and endea-
vours used at Rome to draw the malediétions of the church upon the national
assembly. Great prudence and address displayed by the assembly in its trans-
actions with the court of Rome. Sovereign pontit seems to be satisfied with
their protestations. France swarms with publications of every fort, in
prose and in versi, against the national assembly, its proceedings and designs.
Several of the parliaments attempt to be troublesome, and protest against the
decrees of the agembly; but having lost all influence with the people

, are
obliged to subrrit reluctantly to their fate. Parliament of Bourdeaux con-
tinues longer in a state of turbulence than any of the others, and endeavours
to excite an insurrection in the south. Stories of plots and conspiracies neces-
sary to keep the minds of the people in constant agitation. Various accuja-
'tions against the king's ministers, and a greater number against the aristocrates
in general. Animofities fo violent between the remaining nobles in the af-
sembly, and the democratical leaders, that frequent duels are the confequence.



Nation, in general, said to be unanimous in supporting the assembly, and offers to raise three millions of soldiers in defence of the new constitution. Situation of the captive king and of the royal family in the palace, now state prifon, of the Thuilleries. Ill effect produced at home and abroad, and worse consequences likely to ensue, from the king's captivity, when his free fanction is necesary to give validity to their laws, causes great uneasiness in the national assembly. Scheme formed to obviate these difficulties, by inducing the king to appear to come voluntarily to the national assembly, to declare himfelf fully satisfied with all their proceedings, and that be considers himself as being at the head of the revolution. Liberal conduct of the assembly with

respect to the civil lift. King notwithstanding firmly rejects all the perfuafrons used to induce him to pay the desired visit. Great distresses of the country. 20,000 people fed by charity at Lyons. 6,000 estates advertized to be fold. Decretot's noble manufakturies at Louviers nearly ruined. Riots at Versailles. Some observations on the extraordinary conduct of that people through the courfe of the king's troubles. Parifians become again tumultuous, and, without regard to the general famine, want to have the price of bread fixed at a lower rate than it could have been afforded in the most plentiful seasons. Their rage increased to the highest pitch upon the. acquittal of Bezenval by the chatelet. Form a plot for forcing the prison, and murdering him, on their own principles of summary justice. All their jchemes overthrown, and Paris reduced 10 order, through the activity and vigour of La Fayette, well supported by the Bourgeoise militia. Surrounds a body of 1,100 of the mutineers at night, and makes 200 of them prisoners. Chatelet proceed to the trials of Lambesc, Broglio, and others of the principal refugees, for the real or jupposed plot of the preceding month of July. Are all acquitted, through the failure of any evidence to support the charge. Various conspiracies apprehended or spoken of for the rescue of the king's person. The subject of the king's instant death, as the aligned penalty for any attempt to his rescue, a matter of public conversation in all companies and among all ranks, without the smallest expression of horror, at the idea of so deplorable a catastrophe. King's firmness at length gives way, and be fubmits to pay the proposed visit to the national assembly, and to make a 1peech nearly similar to that prescribed. Affairs of the clergy finally settled, their property seized, and alignats created:


[blocks in formation]

Ineffectual attempts made by the French privileged orders, for procuring re

dress or succour from the neighbouring continental powers. State of political affairs in Europe, which, with other causes, rended to produce that indifference with respect to France which now appeared. Courts of Madrid and Turin. Rash and impetuous proceedings, along with the contemptuous language used by the national asembly, serves continually to create new enemies abroad' as well as at home. Wrong offered to the German princes with respect to their pofleffions and rights in Alface, embitters the whole empire


against the new government, and implants deeply the seeds of future conten-
tion and war. West India colonies thrown into a state of the utmost dif-
order and confusion, and at length precipitated into the most dreadful scenes
of desolation, conflagration, and massacre, which terminate in final destruc-
tion, by a series of ill-judged and precipitate measures, of impolitic, impratti-
cable, or contradiktory decrees. Great disorders in the army. Spldiers throw
off all subordination and discipline. The people being now in possession of
lib.rty, a desire of uncontrolled rule and sovereignty becomes the leading and
general pasfon, a circumstance which serves greatly to unite them, and to
ftrengthen the new System. The weak attempts of the royalists, and the con-

tinual reports of plots, conspiracies, and invasions, causé such a general

alarm, that the provinces associate and arm ; so that France seems covered

with camps and armies. State of the aristocrates and parties adverse to

government. Corfica annexed to France as part of the kingdom. Applica-

tion from the court of Spain relative to the dispute with England, brings on

a debate on the question, in whose hands the right of peace and war fhould

be lodged. Second application from Spain brings on a change of the mi-

niftry. Mutiny of the fleet at Brest. Anacharsis Clootz introduces to

the assembly his ambasadors from all mankind. Decree for abolishing all

titles, and obliterating all memorials of nobility and family distinction, for

ever in France. Grand national confederation at Paris. Bloody contest

at Nancy. Mr. Neckar quits the kingdon, after various disgraces, and

narrowly escaping the fury of the Parisians. Schism of the French

clergy; the greater part of whom submit to the loss of their pensions, and

to expulsion from their paftoral duties, rather than to take the newly-

prescribed oaths,




Dr. Johnson's monument

[ 247 Report of a committee af the house of commons, respecting the houses and other

buildings joining to Westminjter Hall, the two houses of parliament, and the ofices thereto belonging, &c.

[ibid. Particulars respecting the last illness and death of the emperor

(251 Account of tbe miraculous escape of Captain Bligh, of the Bounty sloop [ 252 Account of the disaster which befel his Majesty's ship Guardian, Lieut. Riou commander

[254 Account of the loss of the Vanfittart Indiaman Trial of Renwick Williams, commonly called the monster

[ 264 A general bill of all the christenings and burials in the cities of London and Wesiminster, &c. for the year 1790

[ 268 An account of all corn and grain exported from, and imported into, England

and Scotland, with the bounties and drawbacks paid, and the duties received thereon, for one year, ending the 5th of January 1791

[ 269 Prices of stocks for the year 1790 State of the barometer and thermometer for the year 1790

(272 Public acts passed in the seventh sesion of the seventeenth parliament of Great Britain

[273 Abftract of an act for limiting the number of persons to be carried on the out

jide of page coaches and other carriages, 28 Geo. III. c. 57, 1788 [274 Supplies granted by parliament, for the year 1790

[ 276 Account of the net produce of the duties of customs, excise, stamps, and inci

dents, between ihe 5th day of April 1788, to the 5th day of April 1789; and between the gih day of April 1789, to the 5th day of April 1790



[ocr errors][merged small][merged small]

His Majesty's moft gracious speech to both houses of parliament, on opening the feventh fellion of the sixteenth parliament, Jan. 21, 1790

[281 Address of the house of lords, Jan. 22, 1790; and his Majesty's answer thereto

[ 282 Address of the houle of commons, and his Mejesty's answer thereto [283 His Majesty's Speech to both houses of parliament, at the close of the feflion, June 10, 1790

[283 Speech of the speaker of the house of cominors, on presenting certain money bills to kis Majesty

(284 Mesage

« 上一頁繼續 »