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country. The assembly returned a all religions, not excepting Jews, tlry answer, but ordered his release; vote at these elections. And anoand he at length arrived safely in ther was, the totally altering the anhis own country.

ciently established extent and limits Such was the fate of a minifter, of doceses. who had passed through such courses The clergy became troublesome of popularity, as, perhaps, have upon these accounts. They faid scarcely been equalled by any fo- that whatever right the nation mighr reigner in any country. Yet, so have to seize their revenues, it neiuncertain is the state of public fa- ther could have any right or prevour, and fo rapid the decline of tence to interfere or to make any popularity, that he now retired to alteration in the discipline or fpirihis native country without the 'tual government of the church; smallest mark of honour, esteem, or they therefore demanded the convoregret from that nation, which had cation of a national council to settie in the preceding year, commenced these matters, as they could not pot a rebellion against its sovereign on 'sibly without that determination his account. Whatever Mr. Neck- submit to the present decrees. As ar's political faults or errors might nothing could be more opposite to have been as a minifter, he p'offered the ideas or liking of the national fuch excellent qualities as a man, as assembly than to admit by any mult ever entitle him to respect. means of the calling together fucka His integrity was in both charac. an affembly, they were highly inters beyond doubt or fufpicion; and censed at these objections made by his strict attention to the discharge the clergy to their decrees, and in and practice of all the moral duties that spirit determined at once to and virtues was never called in quef- punish their re!ractorineis, and to tion by his enemies. Happy he cut off the means of all future dismay now consider that concurrence putes, by imposing a new oath on of circumítances and causes which them, by which they were bound to obliged him to quit France at 10 observe and submit to the constitusfarly and timely a period; and his tion as decreed by the affembly, in family may console themfelves in all cases whatever. bis present existence for that, now,

Vast numbers of the clergy rehopeless property which te left be- fused to take this oath, and among hind

them many who had in the beginNew contests with the clergy af- ning been firmly attached to the forded the principal objects of busi- commons, and furthered the revor ness in which the national ailenbly lution by every means in their powe were engaged for the renainder of er. But such aids were not now the year.

These arose from the va wanted. Many offered to take the rious measures adopted, and decrees oath if they were allowed, as a labo passed, for, what was called, the or vo, that it did not extend to admit ganization of the church. One of of any spiritual authority in the afthese was, the rendering every be- sembly; but though that bedy had slefice in the kingdom, from a cu- generally disclaimed all interference m.cy to a biftiopric, elective. Anc- in the spiritual part of religion, yet tper was, the adnitting people of they would not allow of any reserve

in the oath, or admit any explana- in the kingdom, refused to acknow. tion of it. All the clergy, withoutledge these new pastors, and partiexception or distinction, who re- cularly to receive the sacraments at fused to take the oath, were imme- their hands; which, according to diately ejected from their benefices, their religious persuasion, it was the and others placed in their room; height of prophanation, if not sathe bishoprics were filled up by cu- crilege, for them to administer. rates. The oath being considered They were the farther confirmed in as no less than perjury, being a di- this opinion, by the utter disapprorect breach of that taken at ordina- bation of the oath which the pope tion, it may not be difficult to form had publicly expressed. Thus did Sme judgment of the character of France produce in an instant the those men who were now to in- mof numerous body of nonjuring fruct the people in the duties of re- clergy which ever existed in any Egion and morality. It afforded a country: and such was the despoglorious instance of the integrity of tism which prevailed in a republithe French clergy, that of 131 bi .can assembly, that would compel fhops, only three were found servile men's persons, minds, and confci. enough to betray their conscience ences, to bend in all things, without and their honour, in stooping to reserve, to its almighty will. Even take the oath for the preservation of the more moderate of the democratheir bishoprics.

tical writers, regretted and condemn. This measure occasioned a schism ed, as a harsh and imprudent mea, among the people as well as the sure, the forcing of such an oath at clergy; for the more devout and once upon minds unprepared to referupulous, who were still not a few çeive it.

CHRONICLE.

CHRONICL E.

T

upwards of 200 tons of coals, be. JANUARY

fides corn and other effects. The

first boat entered the bason a few ift. HIS day there was no minutes before twelve o'clock, dis

court either at Windsor playing the union flag, and having or St. James's, as usual on New on board the band belonging to the Year's day, consequently the Lau- Oxfordshire militia. reat's ode was omitted. The New At a meeting, lately held, of the Year's ode not being performed as trustees of John Stock, esq. late of usual, has oceafioned much fpecu- Hampstead, who bequeathed 200 h. lation-It may not be unacceptable a year to be divided among ten to our readers to give them the fol- curates of the church of England, lowing passage from Mr. Gibbon's whose incomes did not exceed 401. last volume of the History of the per ann. thirty-eight petitions were Decline and Fall of the Roman presented and received from poor Empire: « The title of Poet Lau curates to partake of this benevoreat, which custom rather than va- lence, many of whose stipends were nity perpetuates in the English not more than 251. a year, with court, was first invented by the Cæ- which they had to support large fars of Germany. From Auguftus families. to Louis, the muse has been too The prisoners, convicted at often false and venal; but I much the Admiralty Sessions, were doubt whether any age or court can

executed at Execution Dock purproduce a similar establishment of a suant to their several sentences, Itipendiary poet, who in every reign, viz. John Clark and Edward Hoba and at all events, is bound to fur- bins, for stealing off the Land's nish, twice a year, a measure of End a boat, several fails, and a praise and verse, such as may be wooden compass, the property of fung in the chapel, and, I believe, Mefl. Hurry and Co.; John Wilt in the presence of the sovereign. liams and Hugh Wilson, for a mutiny I speak the more freely, as the best on board the Gregson of Liver's time for abolishing this ridiculous pool, at Duke's Cove, off the coast custom is while the prince is a man of Africa; and Thomas Brett, for of virtue, and the poet a man of stealing from a Dutch hoy, at Dungenius."

geness Roads, three calks of gene2d.

The Oxford Canal was this va, 16 bales, and other merchan. day opened by the arrival of dize, the property of persons unVol. XXXII.

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known,

4th.

known. They are all ordered to &c. which lasted four hours, when be hung in chains.

he was committed to prison for furThe bankrupts in 1788 were 709; ther examination. He proves to in 1752 were 116. These were the be the same person who wrote a moft and least numerous since 1740; libel against his majesty, and stuck in 1789 there were 584.

it on the whalebone in the courtThe Severn fooded a few yard, St. James's, about a fortnight 16th.

days ago higher than has fince, and signed his name John been known for these twenty years. Frith, lieutenant of the second batAt Shrewsbury and its environs, talion of royals. After undergoing particularly at the Abbey Forgate, several other examinations, he was Frankwell, and cotton-mill, there committed to Newgate for trial on was no pafling without a boat. a charge of high treason.

On the lakes and high moun The accounts relative to tainous land of Cumberland and the early appearance of gift. Westmoreland, there has been fpring this year are too numerous scarcely any snow, and not any ice to be particularized. Almost every two inches thick. The wind and production that the month of April rain have exceeded, as much as the usually exhibits in the garden, and snow and ice fall sort of, the usual in the field, were to be feen at the proportions. Both are unexampled close of this month in various parts in the memory of man.

of the kingdom. The feflions ended at the 19th.

Died, at Horfeley, county of DerOld Bailey, when fentence by, at the age of 107, Mrs. Frances of death was passed upon 13 con- Barton. It is faid she well rememvicts; one was lentenced to be trans- bered the revolution in 1688, and ported for 14 years, 29 to be tranf- that she danced at a merry-making ported for seven years, feven to be on that glorious occafion. Her hulimprisoned in Newgate, 18 in band had been fexton of the parish Clerkenwell Bridewell, 21 to be church 70 years; and this antient publickly whipped, and 16 were pair frequently boasted that she had delivered by proclamation. brought into the world, and he had 21st.

As his majesty was going buried, the parish twice over. in state to the house of peers,

At Miles-court, Bath, aged 79, on pafing the corner opposite Carle- Mrs. Burr, grand-niece of fir Isaac ton House, in St. James's Park, a Newton, by a daughter of his moftone was thrown at the coach by a ther, who married, for her second tall man dressed in a scarlet coat, husband, the Rev. Mr. Smith. She black breeches, a ftriped waistcoat, had a perfect recollection of that a cocked hat, with an orange-co- great philosopher, and remembered loured cockade; he was imme- pasiing much time at his houfe in diately apprehended and taken to St. Martin's-lane ; and that, when a Mr. Grenville's office, in the trea- child, she had spent whole evenings fury, Whitehall, where he under- in his study, as he was rëmarkably went an examination by the attorney fond of children. She' remembered, general and fir Sampson Wright, also, the strength of his fight, his before Mr. Pitt, Mr. Grenville, tiie examining old coins, and reading, duke of Leeds, Earl of Chatharn, the finalleft print without fpecta

cles;

1

tles; the strict oeconomy of his ex to the king's bench to receive judgpences, with the regularity of his ment for two libels of which he had domestic arrangements, and that he been convicted. He was sentenced seldom dined without company, for the first, which was on the prince with whom he was remarkably plea- of Wales and the duke of York sant and chearful.

(charging their royal highnesses A Portuguese woman, who, fome with having sn demeaned themdays before her death, had attained felves as to incur the just disapprothe age of 109.

tion of his majeity) to pay a fine of Lately, at Rome, aged 43, Bro- 100l. and be imprisoned in Newther Barnabas, of St. Nicholas, a

gate one year after the expiration religious queftor, of the order of of his present confinement;-and the barefooted Augustines. A great for the second, which was on the multitude of people visited the con duke of Clarence, he was fined vent where his body was exposed, 100l. for four days. A number of mira The libel against the duke of ches are said to have been performed Clarence asserted that his royal by him both before and after his highness returned from his station death.

without authority from the admiAged 128, John Jacob, the cele- ralty or the commanding officer. brated patriarch of Mount Jura, His royal highness the prince

8th. who came to pay his compliments of Wales had å ftate levee, for to che national asembly last year. the first time, at his palace of Carl

Aged 104, at Cropton near Pic- ton-house. kering, Mrs. Mary Jackson.

Sir Jofhua Reynolds, who At Lean Cadwallader, in the has honourably filled for 22

1oth. 115th year of his age, the cele- years the chair of the royal acade. brated Hugh Llewellyn, well known my, formally notified to the council in the neighbouring counties for his resignation as president. his musical ikill, particularly on the A man of the name of Edward Welsh-harp, which he played until Derick, who either is, or affects to within a fortnight of his death. be, a maniack, went to St. James's

this evening, and desired the mar

Thalmen to introduce him to his FEBRU A RY.

majefty ; he was of course informed The two annual premiums that his request could not be comof 25 l. each, bequeathed by plied with. He then said, that he the late Dr. Smith, of Cambridge, had letters of the utmost import to the two junior bachelors of arts, ance for the queen, and must be adwho shall appear to be the best pro- mitted. The marshalmen stopped ficients in mathematics and na him; and his behaviour in consetural philosophy, were, on Friday quence was fo riotous, that they the 29th, adjudged to Mr. Bridge, were under the neceffity of taking of Peterhouse College, and Mr. him into custody. He says he was Wrangham, of Trinity-Hall. born at Caldecot in Cheshire, and 3d.

The printer of The Times that he slept on Tuesday near Rumwas brought up from Newgate ford in Essex. He is about 24 years

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