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N this Competition there is a Senior Division for Girls and Boys between the ages of 14 and 16 (inclusive), and a Junior Division for those under 14 years of age. (Girls and Boys under 14 on April 1, 1884, can take part in the Junior Competition.) The following is a List of PRIZES that will be awarded at the end of every three months in each division, viz. :-A First Prize of a Guinea Volume; a Second Prize of a Half-Guinea Volume; a Third Prize of a Seven-Shilling-and-Sixpenny Volume; and a Fourth Prize of a Five-Shilling Volume. There will also be awards of Bronze Medals of the LITTLE FOLKS Legion of Honour to the three next highest of the Competitors following the prize-winners.

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5. 1500+ EOORSU.

I live in the woods and on berries I feed.

6. 601 + EEDKRU.

Its down supplies warm covering for our beds.

7. 50+ AEEHNPT.

How meek, how gentle, this gigantic beast.

8. 506+EGNOR.

A favourite this among our English birds.

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CLASS II-Consisting of those who have gained ten marks:-B. Alder, M. Breffit, E. Benjamin, G. Burne, E. Browne, M. Brodrick, R. Byng. M. Bradbury, H. Blunt, A. Bradbury, M. Cooper, W. Coode, E. Corke, J. Cooper, F. Callcott, G. Clayton, H. Cholmondeley, H. Coombes, A. Chappell, G. Dun das, J. Duncannon, F. Davidson, A. Elliot, M. Freeman, F, Forrest, H. Gill, A. Garnham, C. Gilbert, A. Horne, E. Hobson, B. Hudson, D. von Hacht, M Heddle, E. Hayes, C. Hart, J. Josswill, B. Law, M. Little, H. Leah, E. Lloyd, A. Lynch, J. Little, S. Levin, J. Lewenz, H. Leake, C. Metcalf, M. More, C. Mather, E. McCaul, E. Maynard, C. Morin, A. McDermott, C. J. Nix, K. Nix, S. Purnell, Brita Palin, E. Puckle, E. Prate, E. Peace, C. Purnell, G. Pettman. C. Rees, K. Robinson, E. Rudd, C. Ryde, M. Addison-Scott, A. Solomon, A, Stoneham, J. Speirs, A. Sefton, C. Stanton, I. Trentham, W. Tracy, B. Tom. linson, M. Trollope, F. Thomas, E. Woolf, E. Wedgewood, B. Wilks, L. Webb, H. Watson, B. Walton, L. Walpole, W. Wilson, E. L. Wilkinson, E. H. Wilkinson, K. Williams, M. Wood, A. Wilson, E. L. Prenner, C. M. St Jean, A. Treacy

Two answers received without names-one Senior and one Junior.


6. West.

I. Moore. 2. Maud. 3. Ney. 4. V.R. 5. N.
7. Timur.
CLASS I-Consisting of those who have gained seven marks:-Philippa
Hale, F. Howard.

CLASS II-Consisting of those who have gained six marks or less :A. Allsebrook, G. Biddle, C Burne, E. Brake, M. Baird, F. Burne, L. Bennett, E. Blackbourn, E. Burchardt, L. Biddle, S. Bennett, L. Besley, D. Blunt, F. Boreham, H. Bowles, M. Cooper, E. Coombes, F. Cooper, M. Coddington, E. Carrington, C. Crawford, 1. Cockle, G. Callum, F, Callum, S. Cuthell. H. Chappell, V. Coombes, A. Cockburn, M. Callcott, R. Candy, F. Clayton, F. Duncanson, W. Dawe, R. Dutton, P. Davidson, G. Eavestaff, E. Evans, E. Elston, S. Fullford, E. Fussell, J. Forrester, L. Forrest, M. Fresby, L. Gill, A. Gilbert, E. Gruning, H. Galigher, C Gardner, M. Hobson, R. Hindley, M. Hardy, J. Hoare, W. Holmes, M. Hart, G. Halton, K. Harri on, K. Haw kins, L. Hudson, G. Harrison, W. Johnson, G. Jones, B. Jones, C. Josswill, W. Kirby, J. King, A. King, K. Lynch, A. Leah, W. Lewenz, J. Laucuin, E. Macdonald, W. McIlwreith, E. Metcalf, A. McKelly, E. Morgan, H. Mugliston, G. O. Morris, F. Medlycott, M. Meredith, C. Moody, K. McLaren, J. Moore, A. McDermott, N. Maxwell, H. Mayer, M. McLaren, F. Newnan, E. Neame, A. Noon, E. Nicholson, E. Purdy, F. Pym, E, Parkes, G Price, E. Quilter, H. Robson, S. Rolfe, H. C. Robson, M. Crompton-Roberts, E. Raven, E. Stanton, G. Stallybrass, H. Solomon, M. Snowball, M. Wood-Smith, E. Stoneham, L. Stoneham, A. Simson, E. Stratton, E. Stanley, E. Sinclair, J. Smallhorn, J. Seager, A. Smith, H. Smith, J. Side, E. Theobald, M. Tonge, H. Thomson, H. Taylor, F. Todd, O. Taylor, M. Turpie, M. Vandeleur, P. Wilkinson, K. Wedgewood, J. Williams, M, Wigram, L. Walpole, E. Yeo, L. Walenska, M. E. John, H. S. Barnes, F. H. Wolf, E. Hoare, M. Somerville.


The following Competitors gain an equal number of marks, and the Prizes are divided between them, each securing books to the value of 7s. 6d. :- KATE L. F. GARFIT (16)), Dunlee, Queenstown, Ireland; WILLIAM H. JAQUES (16), Gloucester Villa, Lonsdale Road, Barnes; ALICE M. LYNCH (15), Ballyowen, South Norwood Park; MABEL LLOYD (15), Millfield Lane, Highgate; MARY NIX (16), Worth Lodge, Crawley, Sussex; HELEN R. STANTON (15), Culls, Stroud, Gloucestershire.

Bronze Metals of the LITTLE FOLKS Legion of Honour are awarded to:MABEL. COOPER (154), Birdbyrst, Auckland Road, Upper Norwood; DAISY VON HACHT (5), Hanover Villa, Sandown, I.W.; KATHERINE F NIX 0155 Tilgate, Crawley, Sussex; CARRIE REES (14), Cae Glas, Oswestry; MAKY A. SLOANE (16), 13, Welford Road, Leicester; ARTHUR C. STONEHAM (14)), 9, Ampthill Square, London.


The First and Se ond Prizes are divided between the following competitors: -EDITH HINDS 1), Beech-hurst, Goudhurst, Kent: KATHLEEN F. LYNCH (13), Ballyowen, South Norwood Park-each of whom gains full number of marks, and is awarded books to the value of 155. 94.

The Second and Third Prizes are divided between DOROTHY BLUNT (113), Manor House, Dorchester, Wallingford, and MARY M. MCCALMAN TURPIE (10), Murray House, North Berwick, Scotland, each of whom gains books to the value of 65. 3d.

Bronze Medals of the LITTLE FOLKS Legion of Honour are awarded to LOLO BEZLEY (134), Rose Mount, Sydenham Rise, Forest Hill; LUCY GILL (13), Malew Vicarage, Ballasalla, Isle of Man; W. M. HOLMES (13), Long Street, Easingwold, Yorkshire; VIOLET E. MACLACHLAN (12), 29, Dunlace Road, Lower Clapton, E.; EDITH STANTON (13), Gulls, nr. Stroud, Gloucestershire.


[The Editor requests that all inquiries and replies intended for insertion in LITTLE FOLKS should have the words "Questions and Answers" written on the left-hand top corners of the envelopes containing them. Only those which the Editor considers suitable and of general interest to his readers will be printed.]


J. R., A. A., MAZEPPA.-[Prizes or Medals are not awarded for Answers to Our Little Folks' Own Puzzles or the Bible Exercises.-ED.]

A HOPEFUL ONE, ALMA.-[See the answer to M. STEER in the March Number of LITTLE FOLKS.-ED.]


RAGS AND TATTERS asks if any one can tell her who is the author of the following lines:-

"Bear through sorrow, wrong, and ruth,
In thy heart the dew of youth,
On thy lips the smile of truth."

and where they are to be found.


GREEN-EYED JOWLER asks if any one can tell her how to play "Cross Questions and Crooked Answers."

MAY WILLIAMSON would like to know if any reader of LITTLE FOLKS could tell her the rules of the game called "Bell and Hammer."


BLUEBELL asks for directions for making a pair of gentleman's socks.


CLARE LINTON writes, in answer to QUERY, that the way to take ink-stains out of mahogany is to "put a few drops of spirits of nitre in a tea-spoonful of water, touch the spot with a feather dipped in the mixture, and on the spot disappearing, rub it over immediately with a rag wetted in cold water, or there will be a white mark, which will not be easily effaced.' Answers also received from SURE CURE, M. SCOTT, GAWK, and DICKY WYATT.

HELVELLYN asks why afternoon tea is often called "kettledrum."

A TABBY KITTEN will be glad to know the origin of the name of Witch Elm, also spelt Wych and Wich.

HENRIETTA asks how to clean discoloured pearls. DICKY WYATT writes, in answer to MURIEL DELF, that there are several explanations as to the origin of the phrase, "Mind your p's and q's," of which the following, given in Brewer's "Dictionary of Phrase and Fable," is considered the most likely :-" In the reign of Louis XIV., when wigs of unwieldy size were worn and bows were made with great formality, two things were especially required, a 'step with the feet and a low bend of the body. In the latter, the wig would be very apt to get deranged, and even to fall

off. The constant caution, therefore, of the French dancing master to his pupils was 'Mind your p's (i.e pieds, feet) and q's' (i.e. queues, wigs.") Answers also received from MYOSOTIS, GIORGIO, SLEEPYFAY, MAIDEN JANE, M. N. R., MACBETH, ETHEL, EXCELSIOR, ELAINE, WORLD OF WONDERS, and KATINKA.

POPSY writes, in answer to A LOVER OF READING, that to remove iron-mould stains from calico, you should dip a small sponge or piece of flannel in salts of lemon, and rub on the stain till removed. Answers also received from ELSIE MACDONALD, DIDO, ALFRED THE GREAT, ALIQUIS, F. BOREHAM, LADY JANE GREY, BLUEBELL, A LOVER OF FLOWERS, and A BUSY BEE.

VERONICA writes, in answer to AN OLD BRASS BUTION, who asks what use she can make of skeleton leaves, that pretty groups can be made with them either in scrap-albums like a bouquet, under a glass case.



SHRIMP wishes to know if rabbits eat acorns and beechnuts, and if they are good for them. Also what she ought to feed them on besides corn and hay, as they will not eat much of either.-[Acorns will not be quite suitable; you can give them oats slightly soaked as well as dry, breadcrusts dry and soaked, meal made into stiff paste, &c., also some green food. The latter they must have, but not too much of it.]

ISABEL CHARLES says that she has seven pullets which are laying, but all the underneath feathers are come off, and there is no sign of their coming on again. She asks what is the remedy.-[You had better let them alone It is not of much importance, if your food and general treatment are proper, such as any of the books tell you about. If not, mend that, but do not fuss with the birds.]

ELODIE says that one of her cats has a very bad cough, which at times seems to nearly suffocate her, and wishes to know what to do for her. The cat is seven years old.-[If you can manage it, give her twice daily one-third adult doses of balsam of aniseed. We fear the poor animal is in consumption, which they suffer from occasionally.]

LADY HENNIKER desires to thank those Readers of LITTLE FOLKS who have responded to the Appeal on behalf of the Mellis Home, printed in the March Number (page 180). The sum received up to the time of going to press (April) with this number is, however, very far short of the amount needed to carry on the Home permanently; and the Editor earnestly hopes that no efforts will be spared to raise sufficient funds for this excellent purpose. Subscriptions should be sent direct to Lady Henniker, Thornham Hall, Eye, Suffolk.

To My Readers.

OU will all, I feel sure, be pleased to read the following Programme of some of the contents of our New Volume, which will begin with the next Number :

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TWO NEW SERIAL STORIES, to be continued from month to month, will be commenced. One will be entitled "A LITTLE TOO CLEVER," written by the Author of "Pen's Perplexities," Margaret's Enemy," &c., and illustrated by M. E. EDWARDS; the other will be called "THEIR ROAD TO FORTUNE," by the Author of "The Heir of Elmdale," &c. "STORIES TOLD IN WESTMINSTER ABBEY," by EDWIN HODDER ("OLD MERRY")-relating how the Abbey was built, and telling of the Coronations, the Royal Funerals, as well as many Curious Customs and other interesting Facts and Anecdotes about this venerable Church.

"SOME FAMOUS RAILWAY TRAINS AND THEIR STORY" -by HENRY FRITH-in which you will be told something about a few of the more important British Railway Trains, such as "The Flying Dutchman," The Wild Irishman," "The Flying Scotchman," and "The Tidal Train," including Anecdotes and exciting incidents in connection with them. "LEGENDS OF THE FLOWERS"-Short and Pretty Poems, telling the Stories associated with some of our familiar Flowers.

"LITTLE TOILERS OF THE NIGHT"-under which heading THOMAS ARCHER (Author of the series of stories published in LITTLE FOLKS last year called "Some Little Ones of the Street") will give some very interesting accounts of Children whose occupations keep them employed during the dark hours of the night.

"SOME DREAMS TOLD IN THE BIBLE"-a new series of Scripture Stories for "Our Sunday Afternoons." The BIBLE EXERCISES will also be continued.

THE CHILDREN'S GARDEN will receive attention from a Practical Writer, who, in a series of Notes, will, every month, tell you what to do in your own Gardens; and CHATS ON COOKERY FOR CHILDREN will be continued under the heading of "LITTLE MARGARET'S KITCHEN, AND WHAT SHE DID IN IT." NEW FAIRY STORIES, with Humorous and Novel Illustrations, will appear in all the Numbers of the New Volume. STORIES OF SCHOOL, HOME, TRAVEL, AND ADVENTURE; HUMOROUS PICTURES AND POEMS; STORIES OF ANIMALS OF ALL KINDS; "THE GAMES AND AMUSEMENTS OF THE MONTH"; "THE 'LITTLE FOLKS' HUMANE SOCIETY" (now numbering nearly Fifty Thousand Officers and Members), with "TRUE STORIES OF PETS, ANECDOTES, &C.," written by Children; "THE EDITOR'S POCKET-BOOK "; QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS"; 66 PRIZE LITERARY and PUZZLE COMPETITIONS"; "OUR MUSIC PAGES," &c. &c. -will also be included.


Among the numerous STORIES AND PAPERS which will appear in early numbers of the New Volume, are the following:-"How Paulina Won back Peter" (A Fairy Story); "Too Young for School" (A School Story), by the Author of "Harry Maxwell"; "A Day on Board H.M.S. Britannia" (the Training Ship for Naval Cadets); "A Chat about the Dykes of Holland"; The Cuckoo's Fag"; "Children's Games in Days of Old"; "Hints on Canvasine Painting"; "The Lion's Little Friend;" "The Home of the Beads "; &c. &c. &c.


SEVEN SPECIAL PRIZE COMPETITIONS of Various Kinds, open to younger as well as older readers, have been arranged for this year, and are open till the 30th of September next. In the next Number full particulars of these, with a List of the numerous Prizes to be awarded, will be printed. A COLOURED PLATE, entitled "A QUEEN OF THE BEACH," will also be given with the next Number.

Now, in view of what our Magazine is to be in its coming Volume, I hope you will all continue to do your utmost to further its success; and, you know, you can do a very great deal for it. Many of you have again written kind letters, telling me of what you have been doing in this way, and I thank you very much for all the trouble you have taken. But our Motto must still be "Forward"; and before closing this letter I should like to ask each of you to do one thingand that is to tell any friends or companions, who do not already take in LITTLE FOLKS, all about our New Volume, and what it is going to contain, and try and induce them to become regular subscribers to it. What say you to this little request of mine?

Your very sincere friend,


LE FOLKS Advertising Sheet, June, 1884.


Is a Household Requisite of Constant Utility.






1 d. per


An excellent substitute for the Sea. No Waste or Mess. A Packet for each Bath. Of Chemists, etc.


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Or Infants' Preservative.

For all disorders of Infants and Young Children, viz, FITS, FEVERS, SICKNESS, LOOSENESS, FLATULENCE, and especially during the distressing period of TEETH ING. The only advertised medicine which has direct approval of the Medical Profession are is with pleasure I testify to the simplicity and emcacy of the 'GRIPE WATER' prepared by Mr. Woodward of Nottingham, and consider it well calculated to relieve the varied affections incidental to infant life. "Eastwood, Notts." "EDWARD A. BROWN, M.D., &c.

IMPORTANT TESTIMONIAL from the Rev. G. EDGECOME, Rector of St. Peter's, Nottingham. "Dear Sir, I feel constrained to write and tell you how emcacious my children have found your WONDERFUL GRIPE WATER' to be. It was recommended to us by our medical attendant, who is acquainted with its composition; and it has been constantly administered to my children for a long time past, and I have never known it fail to give relief. Being a simple and very safe medicine, you may rest assured that I shall recommend it whenever I have an opportunity of doing so. Indeed, so invaluable have we found your GRIPE WATER' to be that it is almost impossible to speak too highly of it.-I remain, yours very faithfully, "To Mr. Woodward. GEORGE EDGECOME, Rector of St. Peter's, Nottingham. Sold in Bottles, 1s. 1%d, and 2s. 9d. each. Chemists will procure it from any London House. Proprietor-R. FITZHUGH. Chemist, Nottingham.



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(REGISTERED) Rose Powder

For Toilet and Children's Use.


"The perfection of Nursery Powders."
Recommended by The Lancet, British Medical Journal,
Medical Times, Medical Press, Medical Record, &c. &c.
"A very superior article; fragrant, soothing, cleanly."-The Queen.
Of all Chemists. Boxes, 18.. 18. 9d., and 3s. Large Bottle, 5s.;
or free by post, on receipt of P. O. O. or Stamps, from the

Proprietors: J. WOOLLEY, SONS, & CO.,
Manufacturing Pharmaceutical Chemists, MANCHESTER.


Mr. W. HENRY BARNEBY has recently returned from a tour in the United States, during which he passed through some of the finest scenery in North America, and had many special opportunities of observing the condition of agriculture, and noting the suitability of the country as a field for emigration, and for the investment of capital. His experiences he has given to the world in a work entitled LIFE AND LABOUR IN THE FAR, FAR WEST, just published, price 16s.

The increasing scarcity of copies of Volume V. of THE MAGAZINE OF ART (being the Volume for 1882) has compelled the Publishers to raise the price from 16s. to 21s. The price of Volume VI. (the Volume for 1883) will be increased in due course as copies become scarce.

At the present time, when the cooperative movement is so widely extending, a special interest will be felt in an authoritative manual on the subject, just published (price One Shilling), entitled WORKING MEN CO-OPERATORS: WHAT THEY HAVE DONE, AND WHAT THEY ARE DOING. Being a Handbook giving an account of the Artisans' Co-operative Movement in Great Britain, with Information as to How to Promote it. By ARTHUR H. DYKE ACLAND, Senior Bursar of Balliol College, and Steward of Christchurch, Oxford, Member of the Central Co-operative Board; and BENJAMIN JONES, Honorary Secretary of the Southern Section of the Central Co-operative Board.

Fishing and Fisheries have, since the International Exhibition held in London last year, attracted much attention, and the Complete Volume of THE FISHERIES OF THE WORLD (9s.), an Illustrated and Descriptive Record of the International Fisheries Exhibition, 1883, by F. WHYMPER, will be widely welcomed. It describes the Fisheries of all Nations, and is abundantly furnished with fact and . anecdote.

Grown men and school-boys have for once met with a work which has enchained their fancy in Mr. ROBERT LOUIS STEVENSON'S TREASURE ISLAND: A STORY OF PIRATES AND THE SPANISH MAIN; and a third edition of the book is just ready for publication, price 5s.

That very exciting Book of Adventure, BURNABY'S RIDE TO KHIVA, has just been published in a cheap handy form at Is. 6d., bound in cloth.

and New

After having been in preparation up. wards of ten years, BISHOP ELLICOTT'S BIBLE COMMENTARY has at length been completed; the OLD TESTAMENT in Five Volumes, and the NEW TESTAMENT in Three, each Volume published at One Guinea. This Commentary being the work of some of the most eminent Biblical Scholars of the day, under the supervision of the BISHOP OF GLOUCESTER AND BRISTOL, will prove to be of the greatest assistance to those who take an interest in the Revision of the Scriptures. The Notes will be found to embody virtually a Revised Translation, all difficult and doubtful passages being fully discussed and explained.

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"A school, an academy, and a university in one." In these terms one of the leading educational journals has recently spoken of CASSELL'S POPULAR EDUCATOR, a New and Revised Edition of which has just been published, complete in Six Vols., 5s. each. This standard work has already attained a circulation of upwards of One Million Copies, and the present edition is the most perfect of any yet issued.

An interesting description of the Origin and Development of Great Cities of the Globe, their notable features and characteristics, is furnished in CITIES OF THE WORLD, which has just been completed in Three -Volumes, 75. 6d. each. It is Illustrated throughout with fine Illustrations and Portraits.

Oxford Graduates in Historical Honours are Authors of the Books in CASSELL'S HISTORICAL COURSE FOR SCHOOLS, which, whether for Class Teaching or for use in Families, will be found of essential service to Teachers. The books are, STORIES FROM ENGLISH HISTORY (1s.); THE SIMPLE OUTLINE OF ENGLISH HISTORY (Is. 3d.); THE CLASS HISTORY OF ENGLAND (2s. 6d.). Each book is illustrated with a profusion of Engravings and Maps.

No less than One Hundred and

Eighty-six Thousand Copies of

CASSELL'S FRENCH DICTIONARY (3s. 6d.) have already been called for, and the demand increases rather than diminishes, as the work is in use at the leading public and private schools throughout the Kingdom, besides enjoying a large patronage by the general public.

That unique store of information on out of the way topics, BREWER'S DICTIONARY OF PHRASE AND FABLE, continues to pass through edition after edition, each more perfect than its predecessor. A sixteenth and cheap edition has just been published, containing upwards of one thousand pages, for 3s. 6d.

Mr. G. TROBRIDGE, the Head Master of the Government School of Art, Belfast, has prepared a work on "THE PRINCIPLES OF PERSPECTIVE, as Applied to Model Drawing and Sketching from Nature" (Is. 6d., or in cloth, 2s. 6d.), which is furnished with 23 Plates and other Illustrations.

The above Books are Published by CASSELL & COMPANY, Limited, Ludgate Hill, London, and can be obtained by Order at all Booksellers'.

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