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Judicial Criminal Statistics, U. S., 1939

,

196

193

Source: United States Bureau of the Census
Eliminated

Convicted
Total without
State

Con-
dis- conviction

Plea

By court Jury verdict posed of victed guilty (jury waived)

guilty No. Pct. No. No. Pct. No.

Pct. No. Pct. Tot. 25 states 70,265 15,336 21.8 54,929 47,158 85.9 2,614 4.8 5,157 Colorado 1.528 334 21.9 1,194 1,065 89.2

9

0.8 120 10.1 Connecticut

954
111 11.6 843 756 89.6

54
6.4

34 Dist. of Col.

1.520
375 24.7 1.145 955 83.4

1

0.1 189 16.5 Idaho.

594
84 14.1 510 475

93.1

5
1.0
30

5.9 low& 1,875 427

22.8
1,448
1.373 94.8

20
1.4
55

3.8 Kansas 1,805 405

22.4
1,400 1,263

90.2

16
1.1 121

8.6 Massachusetts 3,548 683 19.3 2,865 2,450 85.5 103

3.6 312

10.9 Michigan

4.173

863 20.7 3.310 2,652 80.1 373 11.3 285 8.6 Minnesota 2,069 9.5 1,873 1,784 95.2

6 0.3

83 Montana

375
54 14.4
321 294

91.6

2
0.6
25

7.8 N. Hampshire.

436
99 22-7 337 334
99.1

09 New Jersey...

5,870

1,170 19.9 4,700 4,103 87.3 374 8.0 223 4.7 New Mexico..

1.008
280 27.8 728 661 90.8

5 0.7

62

85 New York. 10,153 2.229 22.0 7.924 7,121 89.9

803 10.1 North Dakota 584 79 13.5 505 480

950

0.6

22
Ohio..
5,536 925 16.7 4,611 4,070

88.3
236

5.1 305 6.6 Oregon 1,136

17.0
943
891 94.5

0.7
45

4 S Pennsylvania, 19,937 5,779 29.0 14,158 10.946

77.3 1,084 7.7 2,128 15.0 Rhode Island 632

7 1.1 625 625 100.0 South Dakota 468

53
11.3
415
374
90.1

22
5.3

19 Utah,

415
69 16.6
346 257 74 3

12
3.5

77 22.3 Vermont

425
97 22.8 328 311 94.9

1
0.3

16
Washington
1,614 254
15.7 1.360 1.235 90.8

2.3 121

8.9 Wisconsin 3,225 506 15.7 2,719 2,373 87.3 277 10.2

69

2.5 Wyoming

385
64 16.6 321 311

96.9

10 of those eliminated without conviction, 10,006 were dismissed; 1,391 were acquitted by the court (jury waived); 3,939 were acquitted by the jury.

of those convicted, 19.467 were sentenced to state prisons and reformatories (includes 47 death sentences); 18,328 were put on probation, sentences suspended; 13,151 were sent to local jails and workhouses; 3,983 were otherwise sentenced.

Convictions Averaged 78.2 Per Cent Convictions averaged 78.2 per cent of the 70,265 Auto theft, 86.4; Embezzlement and fraud, 65.1; cases disposed of. The percentage of convictions Stolen property, receiving, etc., 65.9; Forgery and on the various crimes charged were:

counterfeiting, 84.2. Murder, 63.3; Manslaughter, 56.0; Robbery, 80.0; Rape, 70.3; Commercialized vice, 63.9; Other sex Aggravated assault, 60.5.

offenses, 73.6; Violating drug laws, 84.4; Carrying. Burglary, 88.9; Larceny, except auto theft, 83.1; etc., weapons, 77.7; Other major offenses, 67.9.

Average Population of Federal Institutions, Year Ended June 30

Source: The United States Bureau of the Census
Aver.
Aver.
Aver.

Aver.
Year

Aver.
Pop.
Year Pop.
Year Pop. Year Pop.

Year
1896
301 1905
1,505 1914
2,008 1933
5.323 1932

13,296 1897 491 1906 1.575 1915 2,265 1924 5,652 1933

13.354 1898.

499
1907

1.448
1916
3,016 1925

6,164 1934 1899

11.829 609 1909 1.469 1917 3,086 1926 6.708 1935

13,451 1900 792 1909 1.538 1918 3.121 1927 7.016 1936

15.562 1901 805 1910 1,884 1919 3,712 1928 7,743 1937

16,017 1902 1,019 1911 1,951 1920 3,760 1929 8,448 1938

16.254 1903 1,306 1912

2,087
1921
3,786 1930
11,400 1939

17.927 1904 1,466 1913

2,268
1922
4,785 1931
12,602 1940.

18.685 Includes all penal and correctional institutions operated by !he Bureau of Prisons. Does not include institutions operated by other agencies.

U. S. Government Crime Reports

Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation, Department of Justice
ESTIMATED NUMBER OF MAJOR CRIMES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1938-1940
No. of Offenses

No. of Odenses
Offense

Offense 1938 1939 1940

1938 1939 1940 Murder & non-negli.

Aggravated assault

44,529 46,983 46,538 manslaughter. 7,438 7,514 7,540

Burulary

297,209 311.104 316.369 Manslaught by negli.

Larceny 4,554

824,303 872.983 4,394

902,113 4,425

Auto theft Rape

188,203 177.997 177,551 8,302

8,832 9,055 Robbery 59,273 55,242 53,135 Total..

1,433,812 1,484,554 1,517,026 The total for 1936 was 1,333,526.

Penitentiaries: Alcatraz, Calif; Atianta, Ga.; Fort Leavenworth, Kans.; Leavenworth, Kans.; Lewisburg, Pa.; McNeil Island, Wash.

Reformatories: Chillicothe, Ohio; El Reno, Okla.; Petersburg, Va.; Alderson, W. Va.
Medical center, Springfield, Mo. : Hospital Maintenance unit.
Prison camps: Du Pont, Wash.; Kooskia. Idaho; Mill Point, W. Va.; Montgomery, Ala.; Tucson, Ariz.

Correctional institutions: El Paso, Tex.; Milan, Michi; Male, Female, Sandstone, Minn; San Pedro Calif.; Male, Female, Tallahassee, Fla.

Detention headquarters: New Orleans, La.; New York, N. Y.
National Training School for Boys, Washington, D. C.

The Department of Justice reports a serious crime is committed in the United States every 21 seconds The Department listed for 1940 & felonious homicide every 44 minutes, a robbery every 10 minutes, a burglary every 123 minutes, a larceny every 35 seconds and an automobile theft every 3 minutes.

Pop.

State Highway Mileage Existing, Jan. 1, 1939
Source: Federal Works Agency, Public Roads Administration

Miles

State

Miles

State

Miles

State

State

Miles

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$1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 11.122 382

2.524 Nev 68 3,992 201

1,203 N. H 3.806

2.738 N. J. 1.567 16,558 3,817 9,313 N. M 9,916

1,450 N. Y 8,342 2,087

3,369 NC 174 1,454 284 799 N. D

10,432 171 3,031 Ohio. 10,273 2,896 1.545 Okla. 4,115

1.800 Oreg. 17,692

5,601 Pa. 812 8,440 2,092

7,066 R. I. 798 7,833 1.999 2,845 8. C. 497 6,048

850 3,418 8. D. 87 10,529 435 5,568 Tenn 12,521

3.715 Texas. 135 4,149 1,263 4.213 Utah. 433 5,230 2,797 1,463 Vt. 511 4,416 2,054 3.691 Va. 2,196 11.030 1,822 6.988 Wash 1.153 8,928

972

5,612 W. Va 1,050 22.123

1,612 Wise 174 7.067 866

5,046 Wyo. 216 4,145 1,066 2,153 457

4.756 749 1.941 Total.

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World Trade, by Chief Countries, 1938
Source: Statistical Year-Book of the League of Nations; in American dollars
Imports Exports

Imports Exports
Country

1938
1938
Country

1938

1938
$1,000
$1,000

$1.000

$1.000 Aden..

26,243
15,243 Lithuania

37.926

39,449 Algeria

166,942
190.307 Madagascar

16,254

20,486 Argentina

442,921
437,921 Malaya, British

319,154

331,683 Australia

516,403
518,096 Malta.

15,238

1,015 Austria

242.963
146,116 Manchurla

345,905

170,159 Belg. Congo

37.248
71.788 Martinique

7,449

8,127 Belgium-Lux

770,033
728,551 Mauritius

10,836

13, 206 Bolivia

24,381
35,217 Mexico.

110,053

186,243 Brazil

292.910
296, 296 Morocco, French

60,952

43,005 Bulgaria

59,936
68,063 Mazambique

16,761

13.545 Canada.

674,879
951,028 Netherlands Indies

267.513

382,815 Ceylon

78,391
96,338 Netherlands

778,329

571,260 Chile,

103,280
138,36 Newfoundland

20,486

24,042 China

261.079
153.397 New Zealand.

215,026

228,063 Chosen

295,619
246,519 Nicaragua

3,555

4,571 Colombia

88.042
91,428 Nigeria

43.005

52,656 Costa Rica

12,190
11,851 Norway

288,677

189,630 Cuba

105,089
144.592 Palestine

66,539

24,550 Curacao

214,857
187,428 Panama

17.608

3,894 Cyrenaica

14,391
2,978 Paraguay

8,127

7,957 Czecho-Slovakia

291,048
355.336 Peru ..

59,428

77.206 Denmark

357,757
339,117 Philippines

129,016

139,174 Domin. Rep

10.158

15,407
Poland-Danzig

247,026

225,016 Ecuador

10.328
11.682 Portugal

100, 402

50,116 Egypt

180.487
1+3.407 Rhodesia, Northern.

16,761

50.763 Eritrea

88,381
7.449 Rhodesia, Southern..

40,973

51,640 Estonia

29.121
28,105 Rumania

135,619

157,629 Finland

192.685
181.833 Salvador

9,142

13,5-15 Forinosa

102,264
124,952 Sarawak

11.513

16.423 France

1.325, 886
875, 176 Siam

49,100

76,190 French West Afr

46,222
40,904 Sierra Leone

7.280

12,021 Germany 2,194,967 2,116,744 Somaliland, Italian

13,206

4,402 Gold Coast.

35.356.
53, S41 Soudan, Ang. -Engl

28,952

27.597 Greece,

132,233
90.074 South Africa, U

485,926

488,974 Guatemala

21.994
16.423 Sweden

519,958

462,731 Guiana. (British)

9.6.30
10,666 Switzerland

363,344

300,699 Haiti.

7,619
6.941 Syria-Lebanon

37,079

16,931 Honduras

9,142
8,465 Tanganyika

15,407

21,333 Hungary

123,936

154,751 Trinidad Iceland

9.980

11,343
Tobago

29,291 27,428 India

5.50.096
592,932 Tripoli

14,222

2.709 Burma

75,852
172,698 Tunis

57,227

51,301 Indo-China, French.

54.857
81,439 Turkey

118,857

115,132 Iran..

90.751
140,868 United Kingdom

4,199,965 2,300,956 Iraq.

45,545
17,608 United States

1,949,633 3,056,767 Ireland-Eire

209.635
116.317 Uruguay

48,592

58,920 Italy

58.,313
546.202 U.S.SR

261,757

250,752 Jamaica

25,412
20.825 Venezuela

104,973

267.513 Japan

750,900
756,315 Yugo-Slavia

113,608

116,148 Kenya-Ugando

35,5.55

44,021 Latvia.

44.021
43,851 World total.

24,096.555 22,613,377 There are no available figures for Spain, The world totals for 1936 were (exports) $21,131,893.000; imports $22,073,270,000--1937 (exports) $25,984,389,000; (imports) $27,508,201,000. The 1938 export figures are partly estimated by the League Statisticians. The war in Europe has dislocated trade and commerce to such an extent that statistics for 1939 are scarce, and revised figures for 1938 are not available,

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WORLD TRADE, BY COUNTRIES. 1939
Country
Imports Exports Country

Imports Exports
$1.000.000 $1,000,000

$1,000,000 $1,000,000 Asia

Estonia

9.5

10.3 Ceylon...

26.4
33.3 Finland

56.9 57.5 China except Manchuria.

148.4

42.0
France.

449.5 327.1 Manchuria.

1434
72.6 Greece

40.9

22.7 Korea.

122.4
94.7 Hungary

49.7 57.7 Formosa

39.0
62.8 Ireland

68.4

36.6 India 197.5 204.0 Iceland

4.0

2.5 Burma

27.8
69.0 Italy

189 1 185.2 Portuguese-Indla.

1.7
0.4 Latvia

15.3

15.5 Netherland Indies

89.3
136.7
Lithuania

11.0 12.4 French Indo-China

23.2
30.5 Norway

100.5

61.4 Iraq.

13.1
Netherlands

270.3 1934 Iran

26 3
45.9 Poland-Danzig

85.5

87.6 Japan. 275.6 281.6 Portugal

26.4

17.4 British Malaya 110.1 117.3 Roumania.

60.6 62 3 Palestine

24.5
11.6 United Kingdom

1,371.9 705.4 Philippines

34.4
56.7 Sweden..

191.1 152.1 Thailand.

19.1
28.1 Switzerland.

135.6 105.1 U.S.S.R..

64.0
46.0 Czecho-Slovakia.

82.9

91.6 Europe

Turkey

38.0

30.6 Germany 7180 767.9 Yugoslavia.

39.8

37.9 Belgium.-Luxemburg

253.1 259.6 Oceania Bulgaria

21.1
16.6 Australia.

159.0

149.9 Denmark 118.0 111.2 New Zeland

71.6 86.6 Countries named in the 1939 table are only ones in which the League of Nations has data, owing to present war conditions.

The conflict in Europe has dislocated trade to a greater extent than at any period since the
World War.

Revised Index of U. S. Industrial Production

Source: The Federal Reserve Board-1935-1939 average=100

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Average Retail Prices of Foods in 1940 and 1941
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U. S. Department of Labor
Aug. | Aug.

Aug. 121, 13, Article

12. 1941 1940

1941

Article

Aug. 13, 1940

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Cereals:
Flour, wheat.
Macaroni.
Wheat cereal.
Corn flakes.
Corn meal.
Rice...
Rolled oats.
Bakery products:
Bread, white.
Bread, whole wheat.
Bread, rye
Vanilla cookies
Soda crackers..
Beef:
Round steak
Rib roast
Chuck roast.
Veal:

Cutlets.
Pork:
Chops...
Bacon, sliced
Ham, sliced
Hum, whole
Salt pork
Lamb:
Leg
Rib chops.
Poultry:

Roasting chickens
Fish :
Fresh, frozen
Salmon, pink
Salmon, red.
Dairy products:
Butter.
Cheese
Milk, delivered
Milk, store,
Milk, delivered and store.

Cents Cents Milk, evaporated

144 oz.. 8.2 7.0 Eggs

doz... 42.7 32.3 Fresh fruits, vegetables: Apples

Ib..

4.7 5.1 Bananas.

do. 7.2 6.4 Oranges

doz... 35.2 31.2 Beans, green

9.1 9.6 Cabbage

do. 4.2 2.9 Carrota.

bunch. 5.1 4.9 Lettuce.

head 9.9 7.5 Onions

Ib... 4.4 4.2 Potatoes

15 lb. 34.1 30.9 Spinach

9.7 7.3 Sweet potatoes

do.. 5.7 6.4 Canned fruits, vegetables : Peaches

24 can

19.3 17.1 Pineapple

do 21.6 21.0 Beans, green.

2 can 10.9 9.9 Corn.

do. 11.8 10.5 Peas,

do. 13.6

13.6 Tomatoes.

do.. 9.4 8.4 Dried fruits, vegetables : Prunes..

9.8

9.8 Navy beans

do. 7.8 6.6 Beverages: Coffee

do 24.3 21.2 Tea

k lb.. 18.6 17.5 Cocoa..

.8 oz.. 9.1 9.1 Fats and oils: Lard.

Ib... 14.0 9.2 Shortening, other than lard: In cartons

do..

16.1 11.7 In other containers

do. 210 19.1 Salad dressing.

pt..

20.6 Oleomargarine.

ib.. 17.2 15.8 Peanut butter.

do.. 18.3

18.0 Sugar and sweets: Sugar

10 lb.. 59.5 51.3 Corn sirup.

24 oz..

14.0 13.6 Molasses.

18 02..

*13.4 134

Ib.

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22.4

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Wholesale Purchasing Power of the Dollar, By Years, in U. S.

Source: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, United States Department of Labor, 1926=$1

House

ANI
Farm

Hides,
Textile
Fuel,
Metal
Build. Chem-

fur

ComYear Prod. Foods Leath.

Prod.

ing icals,

nish-
Misc.

mod-
ucts
Prod.

ing
Mate. Drugs
ings

ities

Light-| Prod.

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$1.159 $1.869 $0.893 $1.786 $1.151 $1.439 .669 .666 .607 .705 .597

.648 .972 1.028 .997 .96 1.078 1.034 .915 .920 .989 .918 1.003 .994 .941 .978 1.011 .963

1.068 1.019 .969 .983 .982 .970 .917 .966 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.038 1.056 1.033 1.026 1,099 1.048 1.031 1.063 1.046 1.052 1.171 1.034

.995 1.048 1.062 1.060 1.211 1.049 1.086 1.112 1.122 1.079 1.287 1.157 1.183 1.263 1.261 1.178 1.433 1.370 1.247 1.401 1.361 1.332 1.553 1.543 1.253 1.2991 1.377 1.319 1.6001 1.517 1.151 1.160

1.318 1.227 1.435 1.335 1.157 1.172 1.242 1.241 1.464 1.250 1.149 1.153 1.24+ 1.224 1.418 1.238 1.045 1.050 1 192 1.115 1.285 1.159 1.045 1.107 1.289 1.208 1.364 1.272 1.059 1.105

11.307 1.159 1.337 1.297 1.044 1.055 1.299) 1.130 1.294 1.272

Wholesale Price Index in United States by Years
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U. S. Dept. of Labor, 1926=100

House-
Farm

Hides,
Textile
Fuel,
Metal
Build - Chem-

fur-
Prod- Foods

Light-
Prod.

ing
icals,
nish-

Misc.
ucts
Prod.

ing
Mate. Drugs

ings

Year

Leath. Prod.

AII Com mod. ities

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In the two tables above Chemicals and Allied Products has been substituted for Chemicals and Drugs since Jan., 1940, and, beginning with Dec., 1940, the figures are based on 887 price series; for 1926-Nov.. 1940, there was a 784 price series.

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1.

Average Retail Food Prices in U. S. Cities Source: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics; figures show cents per pound, quart and dozen. Year R'nd Pork Ba

But- Milk

Coro Pota(Cal.) Steak Chops con Ham Lard Hens Eggs ter

Del.

Flour meal toes Sugas
Lb.
Lb. Lb.
Lb. Lb. Doz. Lb.

Qt.

Lb. Lb LO. 1900. 13.2 11.9 14.3 16.3 9.9 13.4 20.7 26.1 6.8 2.5 1.9 1.4

6.1 1910

17,4
19.2
25.5 24.6 16.4 19.9 33.7 35.9

8.4 3.6 2.8 1.7

6.0 1915 23.0 20.3 26.9 26.1 14.8 20.8 34.1 35.8 8.8 4.2 3.3 1.5 6.6 1920 39.5 42.3 52.3 55.5 29.5 44.7 68.1 70.1 16.7

8.1

6.5 6.3 19.4 1925 36.2 37.0

47.1
55.1 23.0 38.0 55.4 55.2 13.9 6.1 5.4 3.6

7.0 1927 38.7 37.2 47.8 56.9 19.0 38.2 48.7 56.3 14.1

5.5 5.1 3.8

7.2 1928. 43.7 35.2 44.4 54.7 18.3

38.9 50.3 56.9 14.2 5.3 5.3 2.7 0.9 1929

46.0

37.5 43.9 56.5 18.1 41.2 52.7 55.5 14.4 5.1 5.3 3.2 6.4 1930. 42 6 36.2 42.5 64.6 16.8 36.7 44.5 46.4 14.1 4.6

5.3 3.6 6.1 1931 35.4 29.6 36.6 47.2 13.1 32.2 35.0 35.8 12.6

3.6

4.5 2.4 5.6 1932

29.7 21.5 24. 2 35.9 8.7 25.6 30.2 27.8 10.7 3.2 3.6 1.7 5.0 1933 25.7 19.8 22.6 31.3 8.9 21.8 28.8 27.8 10.4 3.9

3.5

2.3 5.3 1934. 28.1 25.5 29.1 37.4 11.7 25.9 32.5 31.5 11.2

4.9

4.4 2.3 5.5 1935 36.0 35.4 41.3 46.6 19.5 30.3 38.3 36.0

11.8 5.1

5.0

1.9 5.7 1936 34.2 33.8 40.9 48.6

16.4

32.0 37.8 39.6 12.0 4.8 5.1 3.2 5.6 1937 39.2 36.4 41.6 50.2 17.0 33.5 36.9 40.8 12.5 4.8 5.4 2.8 5.6 1938 35.0 32.6 37.0 46.7 13.0 33.6 36.0 34.7 12.5 4.0 4.7

2.1

5.3 1939 35.9 30.1 32.1 46.3 10.9 30.0

32.6

32.5 12.3 3.8 4.6 2.5 5.4 1940. 36.4 27.9 27.3 43.6 9.4 30.4

33.1

36.0 12.8 4.3 4.2 2.4 During 1935 the Bureau changed its method of combining the average retail food prices by titles, to obtain the average prices for the cities combined. This change included a revision of the consumption weights and the introduction of population weighting factors.

The 1925 and since figures in the table above are on the new plan and therefore are not strictly compe able with previous years.

5.2

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