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Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Awards

Paraed Artistswarner Brmount Sound


The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences confers Awards of Merit annually to recognize outstanding achievements in motion pictures during the Awards year, which is the period between January 1 and December 31 of the following year. The Awards to date are: 1927-28

| Henry VIII." Actress: Janet Gaynor, “Seventh Heaven."

Production: "Cavalcade," Fox Film Corp. Actor: Emil Jannings, "Way of All Flesh."

Direction: Frank Lloyd, "Cavalcade." Production: "Wings," Paramount.

Art Direction: William L. Darling, "Cavalcade." Artistic Quality of Production: "Sunrise," Fox Cinematography: Chas. Byrant Lang, Jr. "A Film Corp.

Farewell to Arms." Direction: Frank Borzage, “Seventh Heaven." Writing: Original story: Robert Lord, "One Way Lewis Milestone, "Two Arabian Nights."

Passage." Adaptation: Sarah Y, Mason and Victor Art Direction: William C. Menzies, "Tempest." Heerman, "Little Women."

Cinematography: Charles Rosher, Karl Struss. Short Subjects: Cartoon: "Three Little Pigs." “Sunrise."

Disney Productions. Comedy: "So This is Harris," Writing: Original story: Ben Hecht. "Under RKO Radio. Novelty: "Krakatoa," Educational world." Adaptation: Benjamin Glazer, "Seventh | Studios, Inc, Heaven."

Assistant Direction: Wm. Tummel, Fox; chas. Title Writing: Joseph Farnham, "Telling the Dorian Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer: Chas. Barton, World."

Paramount; Dewey Starkey, RKO Radio; Fred Fox, Engineering Achievement: Roy Pomeroy, "Wings." United Artists; Scott Beal, Universal; Gordon

Special Awards: Warner Bros. for "Jazz Hollingshead, Warner Bros." Singer." Charles Chaplin, “The Circus."

Sound Recording: Paramount Sound Department

for "A Farewell to Arms." 1928-29

Scientific Awards: Electrical Research Products, Actress: Mary Pickford, “Coquette."

Inc. for Wide Range Recording and Reproducing Actor: Warner Baxter, "In Old Arizona."

System, and RCA-Victor Company for High FidelProduction: "Broadway Melody," Metro-Gold-ity Recording and Reproducing System. Fox Film wyn-Mayer.

Corp., Warner Bros. and RKO for their developDirection: Frank Lloyd. "The Divine Lady." ment and effective use of the Transluscent Cellu

Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons, "Bridge of San lose Sereen in Composite Photography.
Luis Rey."
Cinematography: Clyde de Vinna, "White

1934 Shadows of the South Sea."

Actress: Claudette Colbert, “It Happened One

Night." 1929-30

Actor: Clark Gable, "It Happened One Night." Actress: Norma Shearer, "Divorcee."

Production: "It Happened One Night." ColumnActor: George Arliss, "Disraeli."

Production: "All Quiet on the Western Front." Direction: Frank Capra, "It Happened One Universal.

Night." Direction: Lewis Milestone, “All Quiet on the Art Direction: Cedric Gibbons and Fredric Hope, Western Front."

"The Merry Widow." Art Direction: Herman Rosse, King of Jazz," Cinematography: Victor Milner, "Cleopatra."

Cinematography: Willard Vander Veer and Writing: Original story: Arthur Caesar, "ManJoseph T. Rucker, "With Byrd at the South Pole." hattan Melodrama." Adaptation: Robert Riskin,

Writing: Frances Marion, "The Big House." "It Happened One Night."

Sound Recording: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Sound Short Subjects: Cartoon: "The Tortoise and the Department, "The Big House."

Hare," Disney Productions. Comedy: "La Cucara

cha.” Pioneer Productions. Novelty: "City of 1930-31

Wax," Stacy and Horace Woodard. Actress: Marie Dressler, "Min and Bull."

Music: Best Song: "Continental," Music by Con Actor: Lionel Barrymore, ''Free Soul."

Conrad; Lyrics by Herbert Magidson. Best scoring: Production: "Cimarron," RKO.

"One Night of Love," Columbia Pictures Corp. Direction: Norman Taurog. "Skippy."

Assistant Direction: John Waters, “Viva Villa." Art Direction: Max Ree, *Cimarron."

Film Editing: Conrad Nervig. "Eskimo." Cinematography: Floyd Crosby, “Tabu."

Sound Recording: "One Night of Love," ColumWriting: Original story: John Monk Saunders, bia Pictures Sound Department. "Dawn Patrol." Adaptation: Howard Estabrook, Scientific Awards: Electrical Research Products, “Cimarron."

Inc., for their development of the Vertical Cut Sound Recording: Paramount Sound Department. Disc Method of recording sound for motion pic

Scientific Awards: Electrical Research Products, tures. Columbia Pictures Corp. for their applicaInc., RCA Photophone, Inc., and RKO Radio Pic- tion of the Vertical Cut Disc Method to actual tures for Noise Reduction Recording Equipment. | studio production, with the recording of the sound duPont Film Mfg. Co. and Eastman Kodak Co. for on the picture. "One Night of Love." Bell and Supersensitive Panchromatic Film. Fox Film Co. ! Howell Company for development of Bell and for use of Synchro-Projection Composite Photog Howell Fully Automatic Sound and Picture Printer. raphy. Electrical Research Products, Inc. for Mov Special Award: Shirley Temple, for outstanding ing Coil Microphone Transmitters. RKO Radio | contribution to screen entertainment. Pictures, Inc. for Reflex Types of Microphone Concentrators. RCA Photophone, Inc. for Ribbon

1935 Microphone Transmitters.

Actress: Bette Davis, "Dangerous."

Actor: Victor McLaglen, "The Informer." 1931-32

Production: "Mutiny on the Bounty," MetroActress: Helen Hayes, "The Sin of Madelon Goldwyn-Mayer. Claudet."

Direction: John Ford. "The Informer." Actor: Fredric March, "Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Art Direction: Richard Day, "The Dark Angel." Hyde."

Cinematography: Hal Mohr, "A Midsummer Production: “Grand Hotel," Metro-Goldwyn- Night's Dream." Mayer.

Writing: Original story: Ben Hecht and Chas. Direction: Frank Borzage, "Bad Girl."

MacArthur. "The Scoundrel." Adaptation: Dudley Art Direction: Gordon Wiles, “Transatlantic." Nichols, "The Informer." Cinematography: Lee Garmes, "Shanghai Ex Short Subjects: Cartoon: "Three Orphan Kit

tens," Disney Productions. Comedy: "How to Writing: Original story: Frances Marion. "The Sleep." Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Novelty: "Wings Champ." Adaptation: Edwin Burke, "Bad Girl." Over Mt. Everest,” Gaumont-British and Skibo

Short Subjects: Cartoon: "Flowers and Trees, Productions. Disney Productions. Comedy: "The Music Box," Music: Best Song: “Lullaby of Broadway," Music Roach Studios. Novelty: "Wrestling Swordfish," by Harry Warren; Lyrics by Al Dubin. Best ScorMack Sennett, Inc.

ing: "The Informer." RKO Radio Pictures Music Sound Recording: Paramount Sound Department. Department.

Scientific Awards: Technicolor Motion Picture Dance Direction: Dave Gould, "I've Got a FeelCorp. for Color Cartoon Process Eastman Kodak ing You're Fooling" from "Broadway Melody of Company for Type 11-B Sensitometer.

1936" and "Straw Hat" from "Folies Bergere." Special Award: To Walt Disney for creation of Assistant Direction: Clem Beauchamp and Paul Mickey Mouse.

Wing. "The Lives of a Bengal Lancer."

Film Editing: Ralph Dawson, "A Midsummer 1932-33

Night's Dream." Actress: Katharine Hepburn, “Morning Glory." Sound Recording: "Naughty Marietta," MetroActor: Charles Laughton, "The Private Life of Goldwyn-Mayer.


originales: Edwin Flowers Music


The Indian: Dave Go"Broadles Bergeid Paul

Scientific Awards: Agfa-Ansco Corp, for develop- | Goldwyn-Mayer. ment of Agfa-Ansco Infra-Red Film. Eastman Music: Best song: Harry Owens for "Sweet Kodak Co. for development of Eastman Pola-Lelanie" from "Waikiki Wedding." Paramount. Screen. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer for development of Best Scoring: "One Hundred Men and a Giri." anti-directional negative and positive development Universal. by means of jet turbulation. William A. Mueller. I Dance Direction: Hermes Pan, "Damsel in DisWarner Bros., for method of dubbing. Mole-Rich tress," RKO Radio. ardson Co. for development of "Solarspot" spot Film Editing: Gene Havlick and Gene Milford, lamps. Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer for automatic con "Lost Horizon." trol system for cameras and sound recording ma Assistant Direction: Robert Webb, "In Old chines and auxiliary stage equipment. Electrical

Chicago," 20th-Fox, Research Products, Inc. for study and development Sound Recording: Thomas Moulton for "Hurriof equipment to analyze and measure flutter. Para

cane," Goldwyn. mount Productions for design and construction Producinaye ana measure nutter. Para

Scientific Awards: To Agfa Ansco Corp., for of Paramount Transparency Air Turbine Develop supreme and ultra speed pan motion picture negaing Machine. Nathan Levinson, Warner Bros., tives. To Walt Disney Productions for design and for new method of intercutting variable density and application of Multi-Plane Camera. To Eastman variable area sound tracks

Kodak Co. for fine-grain duplicating film stocks. Special Award: David Wark Griffith for distin To Paramount Pictures, for development of Dual guished creative achievements as director and pro Screen Transparency Camera Setup. To Metroducer and lasting contributions to progress of mo Goldwyn-Mayer Sound Department for method of tion picture arts.

varying the scanning width of variable density

sound tracks. To Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Camera 1936

Department for improvement of semiautomatic folActress: Luise Rainer, "The Great Ziegfeld." low focus device and its application. To Columbia Actor: Paul Muni, The Story of Louis Pasteur." Sound Department for application of Bi-Planar

Actress (supporting role): Gale Sondergaard, Light Valve to motion picture sound recording "Anthony Adverse."

To United Aritists Sound Department for applicaActor (supporting role): Walter Brennan, “Come tion to motion picture sound recording of volume and Get It,"

indicators. To RCA Manufacturing Color inProduction: "The Great Ziegfeld," Metro-Gold troduction of modulated high-frequency method of wyn-Mayer.

determining optimum photographic processing conDirection: Frank Capra, "Mr. Deeds Goes To ditions for variable width sound tracks. To Town."

Paramount Pictures for application of acoustic Art Direction: Richard Day, "Dodsworth."

principles to the sound proofing of gasoline genCinematography: Tony Gaudio. "Anthony Ad erators and water pumps. To Metro-Goldwynverse."

Mayer Sound Department for design of film drive Writing: Original story: Pierre Collings and mechanism as incorporated in ERPI1010 ReSheridan Gibney. "The Story of Louis Pasteur,' producer. Screen-play by Pierre Collings and Sheridan Gib Spcial Awards: Mack Sennett for lasting conney, "The Story of Louis Pasteur."

tribution to comedy technique of screen. To Edgar Short Subjects: Cartoon: "Country Cousin," Dis Bergen for outstanding comedy creation, Charlie ney Productions. Color: "Give Me Liberty." McCarthy. To W. Howard Green for color phoWarner Bros. 1-reel: “Bored of Education," Roach tography of "A Star Is Born," Selznick, United Studios. 2-reel: "The Public Pays," Metro-Gold Artists. To The Museum of Modern Art Film wyn-Mayer.

Library for significant work in collecting films Music: Best Song: Jerome Kern and Dorothy dating from 1895 to the present and for the first Fields for "The Way You Look Tonight." Best time making available to the public the means of Scoring: Warner Bros. Music Department for studying the historical and aesthetic development *Anthony Adverse."

of the motion picture as one of the major arts. Dance Direction: Seymour Felix, "A Pretty Girl Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award: To Darryl Is Like a Melody number from "The Great F. Zanuck, Ziegfeld." Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

1938 Assistant Direction: Jack Sullivan, "The Charge Actress: Bette Davis, "Jezebel." of The Light Brigade."

Actor: Spencer Tracy, "Boys Town." Film Editing: Ralph Dawson, "Anthony Adverse." Actress (supporting role): Fay Bainter, "Jezebel."

Sound Recording : "San Francisco," Metro-Gold Actor (supporting role): Walter Brennan. wyn-Mayer.

"Kentucky." Scientific Awards: Douglas Shearer and Metro Production: "You Can't Take It With You," Goldwyn-Mayer Sound Department for develop Columbia, ment of practical Two-Way Horn System and Direction: Frank Capra, “You Can't Take It biased Class A Push-Pull Recording System. E C. With You." Columbia. Wente and Bell Telephone Laboratories for multi Art Direction: Carl Weyl. "The Adventures of cellular high-frequency horn and receiver, The Robin Hood." RCA Manufacturing Co. for Rotary Stabilizer Cinematography: Joseph Ruttenberg, "The Great Sound Head RCA Manufacturing Co. for develop Waltz." ment of method of recording and printing sound Writing: Original story: Dore Schary and records. Electrical Research for ERPI "Type Q" Eleanore Griffin, "Boys Town." Screenplay:

ortable recording channel, RCA Manufacturing George Bernard Shaw, Pygmalion." Adaptation: Company for furnishing practical design and speci W. P. Lipscomb, Cecil Lewis and Ian Dalrymple, fications for non-slip printer. United Artists Studio "Pygmalion." for development of practical efficient, and quiet Short Subjects: Cartoon: "Ferdinand the Bull," wind machine.

Disney. i-reel: "That Mothers Might Live." Special Awards: To March of Time for its signifi Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. 2-reel: "Declaration of Cance to motion pictures and for having revolu Independence," Warner Bros. tionized one of most important branches of the Music: Best Song: Ralph Rainger and Leo Robin industry-the newsreel. W. Howard Greene and for “Thanks for the Memory," from "Big BroadHarold Rosson for color cinematography in "The cast of 1938." Best original score: Eric Wolfgang Garden of Allah."

Korngold, "The Adventures of Robin Hood." Best

Scoring: Alfred Newman, "Alexander's Ragtime 1937

Band." Actress: Luise Rainer, The Good Earth."

Film Editing: Ralph Dawson, "The Adventures Actor: Spencer Tracy, "Captains Courageous." of Robin Hood."

Actress (supporting role): Alice Brady, 'In Old Sound Recording: Thomas T. Moulton, "The Chicago,

Cowboy and the Lady." Actor (supporting role): Joseph Schildkraut, Scientific Awards: RKO Sound Department for "The Life of Emile Zola."

application of compression to variable area recordProduction: "The Life of Emile Zola," Warner ing in motion picture production. To Byron Haskin Bros

and Special Effects Department of Warner Bros. Direction: Leo McCarey. "The Awful Truth."

for pioneering development, and for first practical Art Direction: Stephen Goosson, "Lost Horizon." application to inotion picture production, of triple

Cinematography: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, "The head background projector Good Earth."

Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award: To Hal B. Writing: Original story: Wm. A. Wellman and Wallis. Robert Carson, "A Star is Born." Screen-play: Special Awards: To Oliver Marsh and Allan Norman Reilly Raine, Heinz Herald and Geza Davey for color cinematography of "Sweethearts." Herczeg, "The Life of Emile Zola."

To Deanna Durbin and Mickey Rooney for sigShort Subjects: Cartoon: "The Old M1," Disney nificant contribution in bringing spirit and per. Productions. Color: "Penny Wisdom," Metro sonification of youth to screen. To Harry M. Goldwyn-Mayer. 1-reel: "Private Life of the Gan-Warner in recognition of patriotic service in the nets,” 30th-Fox. 2-reel: "Torture Money." Metro-production of historical short subjects. To Walt


Electrical Channel. Ray design a

and Speciaon picture producci variable arement for

applicatieering devis Departmon, To Burea recone

Disney for “Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs.", To William Cameron Menzies for outstanding
To Paramount Studio for outstanding achievement achievernent in use of color for "Gone With the
in creating the Special Photographic and Sound
Effects in "Spawn of the North.” To J. Arthur

1940 Ball for his outstanding contributions to advance Actress: Ginger Rogers, "Kitty Foyle." ment of color in motion picture photography. Actor: James Stewart, “The Philadelphia Story." 1939

Actress (supporting role): Jane Darwell, "The Actress: Vivien Leigh, "Gone With the Wind." | Grapes of Wrath." Actor: Robert Donat. "Goodbye, Mr. Chips."

Actor (supporting role): Walter Brennan for Actress (supporting role): Hattie McDaniel for **The Westerner." "Gone with the Wind."

Production; “Rebecca," Selznick International. Actor (supporting role): Thomas Mitchell for Direction: John Ford," "The Grapes of Wrath," "Stagecoach.

20th Century-Fox Production: "Gone with the Wind," Selznick Art Direction: Black-and-white: Cedric Gibbons, International.

Paul Groesse, Associate, "Pride and Prejudice.' Direction: Victor Fleming. "Gone with the Color: Vineent Korda, "The Thief of Bagdad." Wind."

Cinematography: Black-and-white: George Art Direction: Lyle Wheeler. "Gone With the Barnes, "Rebecca.” Color: George Perinal, The Wind."

Thief of Bagdad."
Writing: Original story: Lewis R. Foster, "Mr.
Smith Goes to Washington." Screenplay: Sidney

Writing: Original story: Benjamin Glazer and

John S. Toldy, "Arise, My Love." Screenplay Howard, "Gone With the Wind.”

Donald Ogden Stewart, "The Philadelphia Story." Special Effects: Fred Sersen and E. H. Hansen, "The Rains Came.”

Original screenplay: Preston Sturges, "The Great

McGinty." Cinematography: Black-and-white: Gregg TOland. "Wuthering Heights." Color: Ernest Haller

Sound Recording: Douglas Shearer, "Strike Up and Ray Rennahan, Gone With the Wind."

the Band." Sound Recording: Bernard B. Brown, "When

Short Subjects: Cartoon: "Milky Way." MetroTomorrow Comes."

Goldwyn-Mayer. Rudolph Ising Series. 1-reel Film Editing: Hal C. Kern and James E. Newcom,

"Quicker'n A Wink," Pete Smith Specialty, Metro"Gone With the Wind."

Goldwyn-Mayer. 2-reel: "Teddy, The Rough Music: Best Original Score: Herbert Stothart,

Rider, Warner Bros., Gordon Hollingshead, pro"The Wizard of Oz," Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer. Best

ducer. Scoring: Frank Harling. Richard Hageman, John Film Editing: Anne Bauchens. “North West Leipold, and Leo Shuken, "Stagecoach," Wanger.

Mounted Police." Best song: E. Y. Harburg and Harold Arlen,

Music: Best Original Score: Leigh Harline, Paul Over the Rainbow" from "The Wizard of Oz,'

J. Smith and Ned Washington, “Pinocchio." Best Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer.

scoring: Alfred Newman, Tin Pan Alley." Best Short Subjects: Cartoon: "The Ugly Duckling." | song: Ned Washington and Leigh Harline, "When Disney. 1-reel: “Busy Little Bears," Paramount. You Wish Upon a Star," from "Pinocchio." 2-reels: “Sons of Liberty." Warner Bros.

Special Effects: Lawrence Butler and Jack Irving G. Thalberg Award: David O. Selznick. Whitney, "The Thief of Bagdad."

Special Awards: To Douglas Fairbanks, recog-1 Special Awards: To Bob Hope in recognition of nizing his unique and outstanding contribution to unselfish services to motion picture industry. To international development of motion pictures. To Colonel Nathan Levinson for outstanding service to Technicolor Company for successfully bringing industry and Army. To 20th Century Fox Films three-color feature production to the screen. To for design and construction of 20th Century Motion Picture Relief Fund acknowledging out Silenced Camera. To Warner Bros. Art Departstanding services to the industry. To Judy Garland ment and Anton Grot for design and perfection of for outstanding performance as screen juvenile. | Water Ripple and Wave Illusion Machine.

featurpany at of a

fornding services Relier punion to th

Radio Distress Calls

Source: Federal Communications Commission The distress call's O S' famous to radio- The need for a common distress call was recogtelegraphy was first officially adopted for inter- nized at the preliminary International Radio national use at the 1906 International Radio Conference held at Berlin in 1903. Here the Italian Conference at Berlin, although prior to that date delegation suggested that in emergency a ship the calls "C Q" and "CQ D' had been employed should send at intervals the signal "SSSDDD." No during certain periods after 1900 when the Marconi action was taken at this conference. International Marine Communications Co., Ltd., In 1904 the British Marconi Co. instructed its began equipping ships for radiotelegraph com ship radio stations to substitute "CD" for "C Q." munication.

Subsequently, the "D" was inserted in the old A distress call for use in radiotelephony was "CQ' call. At the 1906 International Radio Conproposed by the British delegation at the Berlin ference at Berlin, however, "SOS" was formally conference, and the word "Mayday," corresponding adopted. This combination was the outgrowth of to the French pronounciation of the expression "S O E" (...

-.) which had been used by "m'aider" (meaning "help me'), was first officially German ships but which was somewhat unsatisapproved for international use in radiotelephony factory because the final dot was easily obliterated at the International Radiotelegraph Convention by interference. held at Washington in 1927. Guiding factors in Even so, "CQD" was so firmly established with the choice of the spoken word "Mayday" for the some operators that its use was continued for some purpose mentioned were its similarity in meaning years thereafter. A notable example was its emto the rig O S' used in radiotelegraphy, and the ployment in summoning aid for the steamship prevalence of the use of the French language. Republic in 1909. "CQD" finally passed from the

"s 0 g does not mean literally "Save Our sea calls when the international radio conferences Souls" or "Save Our Ship" as is sometimes continued to approve "SOS." claimed, any more than the previous international In the World War "SSSS" was adopted by the distress call "CQD' meant "Come Quick Danger." | Allies and was not used by neutrals, and to that All such calls are based on the speed and clarity extent was not, strictly speaking, an international with which they can be transmitted.

signal whereas "SOS'' was recognized for the There was no special wireless call for sea shipping of all nations. In the World War "SSSS" emergency prior to the turn of the century. About was not used as a call of distress, but a warning that time the Marconi company began equipping to other ships that & submarine was near by or ships for radiotelegraph communication. In doing actually threatening the vessel sending out such a so it adopted "CQ," which had been in use in wire call. It was the understanding that even were the telegraph as a "general call" for many years, as ship sinking because of the submarine, the inter& precedence signal for any ship desiring to com nationally recognized "SOS" would be used to municate with another ship or shore station.

summon aid.

George Foster Peabody Radio Awards The George Foster Peabody Radio Awards were made for the first time in 1940 and are for "outstanding meritorious public service." The regents of the University of Georgia authorized the awards. Networks Columbia Broadcasting System.

Small Stations--KFRU of Columbia, Mo. Large Stations-WLW of Cincinnati, O.

Reporter-Elmer Davis, CBS. Medium-sized Stations-WGAR of Cleveland, O.

Motion Picture Statistics The 1941 Film Daily Year Book, edited by Jack per cent; cameraman and crew, 1,5 per cent; lgbts, Alicoate, reports approximately 80,000,000 persons 2 per cent; makeup, hairdressers and supplies, 0.9 attended motion picture theatres weekly in 1940 per cent; teachers, 0.2 per cent; crew and labor. throughout the United States, and 230,000,000 1.2 per cent; story preparation, 7 per cent: story throughout the world. In the United States the costs, 5 per cent; costumes and designers, 2 per average general admission price, exclusive of taxes, cent: sets and art directors, 12.5 per cent; stills was 24 cents. Capital invested in the film industry and photographs, 0.4 per cent: cutters, 1 per cent: is $3,000,000,000, of which $2,097,100,000 is in this film negative, i per cent; tests, 1.2 per cent; incountry, and the number of persons employed surance, 2 per cent; sound-engineering and Dega(U. S.), 282,000 divided as follows: Production, tives, 3.1 per cent; publicity, transportation, 29,000 (weekly payroll, $2.600.000); distribution, research, technical, miscellaneous, 2 per cent; in12,500 (annual payroll, $27.560,000); exhibition, direct costs, 15 per cent. 241,000 (annual payroll. $250.000.000).

of the world total of 69,153 (1939) motion picture It is estimated that production costs for the theatres, 19,645 (1940) are in the United States and 1940-41 season will reach $150,000,000. During 1940 35,694 in Europe. In the Far East there are 6,568, 590 actors held term contracts with major studios, Latin America, 5,403; Canada, 1,246: Africa and while contract directors numbered 114 and writers the Near East, 968. It is estimated that there are 340. The average number of extras given employ but 2.123 theatres not wired for sound in the ment daily is 741. Approximately 276 different world. These figures do not include some 30,000 industries, arts and crafts are involved in the workers' halls in the U. S. S. R., where pictures making of a single motion picture, 530' (not in are shown without admission charges. All theatres cluding 707 shorts) of which were produced during in the United States and Canada are wired. the 1939-40 season. Seventy per cent of the world In the United States there is one motion picture movie fare emanates from Hollywood, where the theatre seat for every 12 inhabitants and one studio investment represents $135,000,000.

theatre for every 8,000. There are 393 theatres for The production dollar is divided as follows: cast, Negroes. 25 per cent: extras, bits and characters, 5 per Below is a list of motion picture theatres in the cent; director, 10 per cent; director assistants, 2 United States, by States, as of January 1, 1940.

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101,093, 107

250 93,717
1,156 833,435

260 117,292
213 187.705

62 53,699
309 150,048
331 148.617

65,276 1.101 729,072 550 294,414 601 218,928 464 194,380 332 144,467 329 161.287 206

96,278 238 131,489 446 434,104 697 458,798 547 235,629 219

90,183 710 369,503 209

65,355 369 136,630

14,980 106

59,809 435 434,747 106

44,140 1,434 1,460.926 424 183,614 184

50,559 991 622,466 451 203,425

250 119,604 1,293 901,913

66 61,339 181 73,668 205

62,914 274 128.145 1,132 525,505 21

69,230 67

36,222 326 154,033 348 166,946 337 131.128 490 277,865 66

26,490 119,645 | 11,390,066

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94,293 3,854


41.612 7.677

233 86,040 62.013 1,013 771,422 13.031

213 104,261 11,411

193 176.294 350


22,883 1.000

61 52,699 11,556

276 138,492 9,901 307 138,716 12,257 151 53,019 58,330 948 670.742 25,836 456 268.578 16.066 650 202.862 23,429 382 170.951 15.150

278 129,317 10,214

304 151,073 19,146


77,132 4.798

219 126,691 29,193 394 404.911 22,939 635 435,859 12,712 499 222,917 3.964

208 86,219 54,628

564 314.875 6,989


58,366 25,429 290 111,201 600


14,380 11,661

48.148 30,655

403 404.092 7,036


37,104 63,593 1.348 1,397,333 5,350

408 178,264 3,731


46.828 35,370

903 687,096 13,568

416 189,857 5,637

232 113.967 41,139 1,231 860.774 3,755


57,584 4,942


68,726 4,730


58,184 4,525 256 123,620 24,416 1,048 501.089 7,973


61.257 2,475

61 33,747 7.647 303 146,386 15,986

311 150,960 8,403

302 123,025 26,217


251,648 2,142

58 24,348 800,224 | 17,541 | 10,589,842



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Singing Speeds Aircraft Workers at Their Tasks

John F. Victory, secretary of the National Ad- is necessary that they work fast in superimposing visory Committee for Aeronautics, told a national | large numbers of layers of laminated wood on air conference (June 3, 1941) at Louisville, Ky.. each other with glue between. The individual how certain workers at the committee's laboratories propeller blades must be completed and put in 3 in Langley Field, Va., sing at their work by press before the glue dries. authority of the Government.

"It was discovered that when the workmen sang. "These employes put together large, wood pro setting up cadence for their task, each blade would pellers used in the wind tunnels where aircraft and be completed in 20 minutes. When they didn't aircraft parts are tested." Victory explained. "It sing it took 27 minutes."

New York Yankees Win World Series from Brooklyn Dodgers,

4 Games to 1

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The New York Yankees, champions of the American League, defeated the Brooklyn Dodgers, champions of the National League, in the 1941 World Series, four games to one. Joe McCarthy, manager of the Yankees, established a record as the first team leader to head a club winning six world series.



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3 1.000 Fitzsimmons, D.

0 .000

2 1.000 Higbe, p....... i j 6 i 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.000

1 1.000 French, p......


0 .000 Allen, p...... 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 0

0 .000 Total................ •Riggs batted for Owen in seventh inning, first game. **Wasdell batted for Casey in seventh inning. first game, for Reese in ninth inning, fifth game. ***Galan batted for French in eighth inning, third game; for Coscarart in seventh inning. fifth game.



Fidg. r. h. tb. 2b. 3b, hr. bb.so. sb. avg. po

tc. avg. Sturm, lb......


49 1.000 Rolte, 3b.....


15 1.000 Henrich, rf.....


6 1.000 DiMaggio, cf.


19 1.000 Keller, 11.....


12 1.000 Dickey, c.......


26 1.000 *Bordagaray...


0 .000 Rosar, e


.000 Gordon, 2b.


.962 Rizzuto, ss ...,


.968 Running, P...


.000 Chandler, p...


.000 Murphy, p...


1 1.000 **Selkirk....


0 .000 Russo, P......


4 1.000 Donald, p.....

i 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 .000 0 1 0 1 1.000 Breuer, p......

1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .000 0 1 0 1 1.000 Bonham, p.....

i 4 Ó Ö Ő 0 0 0 0 4 0 .000 0 1 0 i 1.000 Total.....

*Bordagaray ran for Dickey, eighth inning, second game. **Selkirk batted for Murphy in ninth inning. second game, for Breuer in eighth inning, fourth game.

COMPOSITE SCORE BY INNINGS Brooklyn Dodgers .....................................



10-11 New York Yankees ....

10 24-17 Runs batted in-Keller 5. Gordon 5, Sturm 2, Chandler, DiMaggio, Dickey, Henrich, Reiser 3. Wasdell 2. Owen 2. Reese 2, Riggs, Camilli. Left on bases Dodgers 27, Yankees 42. Double playsReese, Herman and Camilli: Reese and Camilli; Owen and Riggs; Reese, Coscarart and Camilli; Herman, Reese and Camilli; Gordon, Rizzuto and Sturm 4; Rolf and Rizzuto; Dickey and Gordon: Rizzuto and Sturm. Umpires-Pinelli and Goetz (N. L.), McGowan and Grieve (A. L.). Times of games-2:08, 2:31, 2:22, 2:54; 2:13.


NEW YORK Pitcher

hb. w. 1. pct. er av. Ruffing....

1.000 1.00 Russo...... 1 1 0

0 1.000 1.00 Bonham...

4 i 1

0 1.000 1.00 Murphy.. 06 20

1.000 0.00 Chandler..

.000 3.60 Donald.....

.000 9.00 Breuer.....

.000 0.00 BROOKLYN Pitcher lo.

pct. er av. Wyatt....

.500 2.50 Davis......

.000 5.40 Casey .....

.000 3.60 Fitzsimino

.000 0.00 Allen.....

.000 0.00 French....

.000 0.00 Higbe.....

.000 6.75

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