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have notified the Nazi commander in Belgrade their productive facilities to take on arms orders that they hold 650 Germans who will be shot if without fear of prosecution under the anti-trust any more Serbian hostages are executed.
laws, it was announced. There is battle activity, day and night, in the Oct. 12--The Russian communique said: “Fighting
vicinity of Perekop, on the land bridge from Was particularly fierce in the directions of Crimea to the mainland.
Bryansk and Vyazma. After many days of stub--The British destroyed an Italian airplane at born fighting our troops left Bryansk," (220 Jibouti, capital of French East Africa.
miles southwest of Moscow). -The Rumanian losses to date are officially put -Seven aboard were killed when an Army plane
at 20,000 dead; 76,000 wounded; 15,000 missing. crashed in San Gorgonic Pass, near Beaumont, Oct. 6 The Cabinet of Panama, at a session which Calif.
included the President of the Republic, Arnulfo Oct. 13-The Russian official bulletin said: "Our Arias, adopted a resolution under which vessels troops fought the enemy along the whole front. flying the Panama flag and arm against raiders, Fighting was especially stubborn in the Vyazma will have their registration cancelled. A blood- and Bryansk directions. After many days of fierce less revolution on Oct. 9 put Ricardo A. de la fighting, in which the enemy sustained treGuardia and a new cabinet in power, and on mendous losses in man power and armament, our Oct. 20 the decree of Oct. 6 was revoked and a troops left Vyazma." (Vyazma is a rail junction, new one was adopted, authorizing the owners 17,000 population, 125 miles west of Moscow). of ships flying the Panamanian flag to provide in the Netherlands Indies, near Batavia, Lieut. at their expense the arms necessary for their Gen. G. J. Berenschot, Commander-in-Chief of legitimate defense against attacks which con- the Army, and 13 others were killed in two airstitute violation of the freedom of the seas and plane crashes. of international law."
-A Portugal dispatch announced sinking, by Oct. 7-Berlin said German forces had occupied torpedo, of the British steamer Avoceta with loss
Mariupol and Ossipenko (Berdyansk) coal and of 94 passengers and crew of 78. grain ports on the Sea of Azov. Mariupol is 125 Oct. 14 The Russian bulletin said: "After fierce miles east of the Dnieper River and 100 miles fighting our troops evacuated Mariupol." west of the Don River city of Rostov, and -A German bulletin said: “The enemy forces en
Ossipenko is 40 miles southwest of Mariupol. circled in the Vyazma area are now definitely --An Army bulletin from the Hitler field head- annihilated. Dissolution of the enemy in the
quarters said: "A renewed nocturnal attempt to kettle around Bryansk is continuing unchecked. land Soviet forces on the coast west of Leningrad The number of prisoners taken in this double was repulsed. A majority of the ships used for battle has increased to over 500,000. It still is transport were sunk. The enemy units which increasing hourly. The total of Soviet prisoners landed were completely annihilated."
brought in since the beginning of the eastern -Finland, in a note to the British Government, campaign already has far surpassed 3,000,000."
declared her war against Soviet Russia was one -Italy reported a disabling attack on a British of defense "without political obligations and battleship and a cruiser in the Mediterranean. said important areas within her 1939 frontiers Oct. 15-Russian radio reported the withdrawal of still were in the hands of "the enemy."
." This was Soviet forces from the City of Kalinin, 100 miles in answer to a British note of Sept. 22, which northwest of Moscow. It was asserted also that declared that unless Finland ceased hostilities the Germans had broken through Soviet defenses and evacuated Soviet territory the British would separating the Crimean Peninsula from the be forced to consider Finland their enemy and mainland. treat her as such.
--Korcheva, 70 miles northwest of Moscow, was Oct. 8-German forces took Orel, 200 miles south taken by the Germans in a push eastward from
of Moscow, on the road to Kharkov; and Berlin Kalinin along the secondary road, linking it and said that communications between the Russian Kashin. armies on the central front and those of Marshal --By consent of Portugal, a Japanese air line has Semyon Budenny in the south were severed; also, obtained landing privileges on the eastern end that a German tank army strengthened by
miles from Darwin, Italian, Hungarian and Slovakian units had Australia, It is an extension of the line from smashed through to the Sea of Azov in the Japan to Palau Island. region east of Dniepropetrovsk, cutting off the -The tomb of Lenin, in the Kremlin, Moscow, has retreat of the 9th Russian Army which had been been closed, for the first time. defeated on the Melitopol front.
-Tokio announced that an agreement fixing the -A "leak" in Washington on Moscow put in frontier between Manchukuo and Outer Mongolia
German possession a copy of a letter which had been signed by Japanese and Russian dele-
Moscow, promising material and equipment aid. Soviet Black Sea port which had been under
conference with Hitler at the battle front, an- The city was largely in flames, and the Rumanian nounced, on returning by air to Berlin, that the announcement said that pockets of resistance last complete Soviet armies, those of Marshal were being overcome in street fighting. Semyon Timoshenko defending Moscow, are --American Ambassador Laurence A, Steinhardt locked in two circles; that the southern armies and his embassy staff were leaving Moscow, in of Marshal Budenny are routed, and that 60 to a general departure of diplomats for Kuibyskev 70 divisions of Marshal Voroshiloff's army are (Samara) 550 miles southeast from Moscow. It locked in Leningrad. “For all military purposes, is the easternmost city on the Volga River, and said Dietrich, "Soviet Russia is done with. The has connection through the Caspian Sea with British dream of a two-front war is dead."
the trans-Iranian railroad, which runs to the --The Russian communique said: "Fighting con- Persian Gulf. It also has railroad facilities. The
tinued throughout the night with particularly special train was 42 days on the road before fierce fighting in the sectors of Vyazma, Bryansk reaching Kuibyshev. and Melitopol. On one sector of the central -The cargo steamship Bold Venture, Americanfront our troops are stubbornly fighting against owned but of Panama registry, was torpedoed advancing German troops. The German com- and sunk 500 miles south of Iceland: 19 on board mand is throwing into the battle division after were missing: 16 others were rescued. division. Our units are putting up fierce re- Oct. 17-On the night of Oct. 16-17, the Navy sistance to the Fascist troops and are striking Department.announced that the U. S. destroyer, heavy blows at the enemy.
Kearny, under Lieut. Commander A, L. Danis, Oct. 10---Berlin reported that the German army while escorting a convoy of merchant ships, 350
had made a breach 310 miles wide in the central miles southwest of Iceland, received distress front in Russia through which troops and tanks signals from another convoy which was under were pouring toward Moscow.
attack from several German submarines. The Oct. 11-The Berlin radio said Vyazma, 125 miles Kearny proceeded to the aid of the attacked con
from Moscow, had been taken intact and that voy and on arrival dropped depth bombs when soft coal fields near it were being worked as well she sighted a merchant ship under attack by a as numerous factories that were in good con- submarine. Some time afterward three torpedo dition when seized.
tracks were observed approaching the Kearny. -United States Naval patrol has seized in Green- One passed ahead of the ship, one astern and
land and destroyed å Norwegian-German radio the third struck on the starboard side in the station used to observe weather conditions for vicinity of the forward fire room. The force of the benefit of German submarines in the North the explosion breached the side of the ship well Atlantic
under the water line, flooding the boiler com-In Washington, the Office of Production Manage- partment and killing the men stationed in the
ment and the Department of Justice approved a boiler room on the steaming watch. The deck policy under which factories and plants may pool above the fire room was ruptured with such force
that wreckage was thrown onto the bridge; 11 escaped. The German authorities at once armen were killed as a result of the attack; in rested 100 French hostages there and in 16 nearby addition two were seriously injured and eight towns; 50 of them were ordered executed. received minor wounds. Other U. $. destroyers Oct. 22—Berlin stated that snowstorms and freezescorted the Kearny to an unnamed port.
ing nights were impeding operations on the -The Norwegian mail steamer Vesteraalen, was Moscow front and that Axis troops occupying the
sunk by a submarine; most of the 60 persons Donets basin had slowed down for a breathing aboard were reported lost.
spell after weeks of forced marches. -In Japan, the Cabinet of Prince Fuminaro Konoye -Beginning Oct. 28, United States war supplies
was succeeded by one headed by Lieut. Gen. for Russia are to go by way of Boston instead of Hideki Tojo with himself as Premier, War via Vladivostok. Minister and Home Minister, and Shigenori Togo, -By the light of the volcano, Vesuvius, British former Ambassador to both Berlin and Moscow, planes raided Naples. as Foreign Minister of a government reported Oct. 23-In the Moscow zone supreme command of pledged to pursue a strong foreign policy.
Russian forces has been shifted to Gen. Gregory Oct. 18-From Berlin a special German High Com- K. Zhukoff. Chief of the General Staff, who has
mand communique announced that U-boats in replaced Marshal Semyon Timoshenko, the latter the Atlantic had sunk 10 merchantmen and two having been transferred to the southern front, protecting destroyers from a convoy en route to in place of Marshal Semyon Budenny. The Britain from North America in a conflict lasting German High Command announced that Nazi several days. There was no official comment on spearheads had thrust within 37 miles of Moscow. the Kearny incident, but a Berlin radio broad- A Berlin spokesman reported that Axis forces cast denied that a German submarine had tor- in the Ukraine were inside the city limits of pedoed the Kearny, and charged that Secretary Kharkov. of the Navy Knox had discussed the staging of --A Hitler communique said: "Submarines sank an incident with Sir Ronald Campbell, British four enemy ships totaling 32,000 tons. In the Minister, at a luncheon in Washington on course of this operation the British transport, Oct, 4.
Aurania, 14,000 tons, was shot from the strongly -A communique from Hitler's headquarters said protected, fast-sailing convoy in the Atlantic." that more than 80 divisions of Marshal Semyon Oct. 24--A special communique from Hitler's headTimoshenko's elite troops-eight entire armies-- quarters said that Kharkov, a city of 840,000 in
had been crushed and 648,196 prisoners taken. habitants, industrial center of the Ukraine, had --In Iran (Persia), British-Russian forces evacu- been taken by German forces. ated Teheran.
Oct. 25-Warfare in the Donets basin is hindered Oct. 19-Premier Stalin announced a state of siege by snowstorms.
for Moscow and for 60 to 75 miles to the west. --For the first time, Russian accounts spoke of Traffic on the streets, midnight to 5 A.M., was
Finnish and Russian troops as fighting alongside banned. Volunteers were called for to aid the the Germans in the Moscow theatre; the two militia. The order added: “Provocateurs, spies apparently, it was said, serving as reinforcements and other enemy agents inciting breach of to fill the widening gaps in the Nazi lines." discipline will be shot on the spot. The State
-The French Cabinet provided severe punishment Committee for Defense appeals to all toilers in for eyewitnesses, accomplices or others who had the capital to keep calm and orderly and to
information of acts of terrorism against the render the Red Army defending Moscow all pos
German authorities but who failed to make their sible help." (All Moscow dispatches are now information known to officials. transmitted to the United States by official Soviet ---Adolf Hitler conferred with Count Ciano, Italian agencies. All American news correspondents have Foreign Minister, on the Eastern front, the left Moscow with the American Embassy),
German High Command announced. At Rome, -German Elite Guards, Berlin said, had taken
Premier Mussolini dropped or shifted 19 of the Taganrog, about 40 miles from Rostov, through 22 of the leaders in the Fascist guilds orwhich runs the pipeline from the oil fields of ganization, the Caucasus that carries northward fuel to the Oct. 26-One unit of German engineers reported it Red Army. Taganrog is 20 miles from the delta
had removed 5,500 mines since Leningrad dug in of the Don, and the confluence of the Don and for siege. More than 10.000 mines were removed Donets is about 100 miles to the eastward.
from Kiev by the Germans before they occupied -Afghanistan, at Britain's request, is expelling
that city. Fires started by Russian land mines Germans and Italians.
detonated by time devices five days after the -The cargo steamship, Lehigh, flying the Ameri. German occupation of Kiev, burned for five days
can flag, was torpedoed and sunk in the South and destroyed 20 blocks in the heart of the city Atlantic, off Africa and just north of the
even after the Germans had discovered and reEquator, The crew was rescued. The next day
moved 10,000 similar explosive plants, Nazi ofthe tanker, British Mariner, was torpedoed in
ficers reported. Many of the mines were set to the same area.
explode from radio, it was said. Oct. 20—The United States advanced Russia $30,- --Russian forces evacuated the city of Stalino, in 000,000 against the promise of the delivery of
the Donets basin, Moscow said. gold within 180 days.
Oct. 27--Having paid no heed to two personal --In Nantes, France, Lieut. Col. Karl Friedrich
appeals from the President, John L. Lewis, head Holtz, commander of the troops of occupation
of the United Mine Workers of America, called in the city, was shot and killed by a civilian,
out 53,000 members of that union from coal mines who escaped. In reprisal, 50 hostages were put
in the Appalachian area. A third appeal from to death at dawn on Oct. 22.
the White House after the strike had begun was - The new $31,000,000 U. S. aircraft carrier,
rejected. The appeals were based on the conHornet, was put in commission at Norfolk, Va.
tentio that mines shut-down would cut Oct. 21- Berlin officially announced encirclement
fuel supplies from the steel mills (chiefly the of Leningrad; capture of the city of Stalino in
mills of the U. S. Steel Corp.) and thereby would the Donets basin; conquest of the Baltic Island
hinder their work on war defense contracts. of Dagoe, on which a “surprise" landing on
Lewis's formal note of refusal to the President Oct. 12; and pushed the Russians out of the way
said: "I have no wish to betray those whom I at Mozhaisk, west of Moscow, in the Axis drive
represent. There is yet no question of patriotism on the latter city. The Russians were driven
or national security involved in this dispute. For back at Taganrog, in the Rostoy region, they
four months the steel companies have been
whetting their knives and preparing for this stated. --In Eastern Karelia the conquering Finns have
struggle. They have increased coal storage and changed the name of the capital from Petroza
marshalled all their resources. Defense output is vodsk, after Peter the Great, to Aanislinna to
not impaired, and will not be impaired for an
indefinite period. This fight is only between a symbolize the end of an era of Russian rule
labor union and a ruthless corporation-the over territory which Finns claim as their own.
United States Steel Corporation." The next day, Its population was estimated at from 70,000 to 100.000 before the war.
the directors of the U. S. Steel Corp. approved
acceptance of a National Defense Mediation --War Secretary David Margesson announced in
Board proposal that the full board of members Commons that the number of war prisoners from decide the union shop dispute in the captive all parts of the British Empire in enemy hands coal mine strike. was about 66,000.
-President Roosevelt in a Navy Day radio broad-Three more British warships are in the U. S., cast said the Government had obtained "a de
the Navy Department announced. This brings to tailed plan" by which Germany proposed to 35 the total number of British war vessels an- abolish" religion in a conquered world end & nounced by the Department as having put into "secret map' revealing Nazı plans to weld South American ports for repairs.
America and part of Central America into five -At Bordeaux, France, a German military officer vassal States. The shooting had begun, he added.
was shot to death by four young workmen who | Oct. 28- The communique from Hitler said that
in the Donets Basin German troops entered --Washington reported an American plane missing Kramatorsk.
since yesterday, with a Navy crew of 11, and -Rome asserted that in a three-day attack on a an Army officer aboard, crashed in the "Atlantic
British convoy off Libya, two British cruisers Ocean" area, All were killed. were sunk,
Nov. 4-German forces reported capture of the Oct. 29-A Hitler headquarters bulletin states that Black Sea port of Theodosia, at the southeast
"infantry divisions with air units forced an end of the Yaila Mountains in Crimea. In the entry into the Crimean Peninsula in stubborn Atlantic, Berlin said, 11 merchant vessels of fighting. Rumanian troops took one island lying 53,000 tons, and one destroyer, were sunk in a off the northwest coast of the Sea of Azov and single Atlantic convoy by U-boats and that cleansed it of the enemy.
bombers sank three merchant vessels of 20,000 - The Russians said they had evacuated Kharkov tons off the east coast of Scotland.
"for strategic consideration at a time when the --Finnish troops have occupied the Koivisto IsSoviet Command deemed it expedient and not lands in the Gulf of Finland, driving Russian when the Germans wanted.'
forces from all former Finnish soil except the Oct. 30-German forces headed for Moscow en- Hangoe naval base near Helsinki.
circlement got through the Russian lines 90 -In Detroit, women threw eggs and tomatoes at miles to the south, and they pushed up the east Viscount Halifax, British Ambassador, as he bank of the Oka River not far" south of entered the Chancery Building with Archbishop Serpukhov, 70 miles from Moscow. The fighting Edward Mooney, head of the Roman Catholic was hand to hand in the approaches to Tula. Archdiocese of Detroit. At Maloyaroslavets, 65 miles southwest of Mos- -The British Admiralty announced that 1,276 cow, another German break-through, just south officers and men had been rescued from sunken of the city, a salient up to the banks of the Nara enemy U-boats and are held prisoners of war. River, to the north, snow and rain still hinder of these 467 are Italians. The Admiralty added: operations in that region.
"Last week when the German High Command -At Washington, John L. Lewis called off the claimed to have sunk 14 ships totaling 47,000 captive mine strike at 11:30 A. M. At 2 P. M. tons from a
convoy homeward bound from he announced that he had set a new strike dead- Gibraltar, in fact four ships totaling 8,772 tons, line for Nov. 15.
were sunk. This was only achieved by the -By Presidential order the Army took possession enemy at a cost to himself."
of the Bendix, N. J., plant of Air Associates, Nov. 5-Berlin said German troops had driven Inc., after demonstrations by non-striking em- through the Yaila Mountains to the Black Sea, ployes inside the plant had forced the removal moved beyond Theodosia and got closer to
of reinstated C. I. 0. strikers under police guard. Sevastopol West of Rostov they were reported -Col. Charles A. Lindbergh, U. 8. Senator Burton digging for a siege. Other German forces were
K. Wheeler, and John Cudahy, ex-Ambassador within 31 miles of Moscow, Berlin stated. Heavy to Belgium, addressed 20.000 persons in Madison fighting was going on at Tula and Kalinin. Square Garden, N. Y. City, under the auspices of Nov. 6-German and Rumanian forces were said the America First Committee.
by Berlin to have pushed through the Yaila Oct. 31-The U. S. destroyer, Reuben James, was
Mountains to the Black Sea coast between Yalta sunk by a torpedo "while on convoy duty" in the and Theodosia. North Atlantic, west of Iceland, the Navy De- -Joseph Stalin asserted that the Germans had partment announced. Of the crew of 145 officers lost 4,500,000 men killed, wounded or captured and men 98 were missing and believed dead, 45 since the invasion of Russia began on June 22. were rescued, 2 were known to be dead. The Russian losses, he said, were 350,000 killed, Navy Department holds little hope for rescue of 378,000 missing and 1,020,000 wounded. Berlin the seven officers and 87 men who have not been replied that Russian losses were 7,000,000 to accounted for, it was stated on Nov. 4. The 8,000,000 men killed, wounded, captured or captain of the ship was Lieut. Comdr. Heywood missing, L. Edwards, 35, of San Saba, Tex. The destroyer -The Soviet Government announced the appointwas commissioned Sept. 24, 1920, It was 314 ment of Maxim Litvínov to be Ambassador to feet long and had a maximum width of 30 feet. the United States. It displaced 1,190 tons and was armed with four -The U. S. Government announced a billion 4-inch naval rifles and a battery of anti-aircraft
dollar advance to Russia, under the Lend Lease guns. To this original equipment had been act. The loan carries no interest charge and is added the modern secret detectors developed in for strategic raw materials and commodities. the last two years. On Nov. 26 Secretary of the
Twenty members of an alleged Czech arson gang Navy Frank Knox made public the fact that two who specialized in burning food stores faced a of the Reuben James' depth bombs exploded firing squad in Vienna. after being torpedoed by the submarine and -A merchant ship, alleged to be the Odenwald, while members of the crew were struggling in laden with raw rubber and tires, bound from the water, Some of the survivors had charged Yokohama for Bordeaux, France, was seized that a considerable number of those in the water in the equatorial Atlantic by a U. S. cruiser. had been killed by the exploding bombs.
The Navy reported that the Odenwald was sail-The Germans reported taking of Kalinin, north
ing under the name Willmoto and flying a west of Moscow. Leningrad, they said, is en- U. S. flag circled except as to the small strip of land -Canadian Navy Minister Angus Macdonald anbetween that city and Lake Ladoga.
nounced German submarines were operating off
the coast of Newfoundland, within sight of the 1941-NOVEMBER
shore, Nov. 1-The German Government denied cate- Nov. 7-The U.S. Senate, 50 to 37, voted to change
gorically White House charges that Chancellor the 1939 neutrality act to permit American Hitler had planned to organize Central and merchant ships to arm and to traverse combat South America into vassal states. He denied areas to carry supplies to ports of belligerents. also, any thought of an International Socialist Nov. 8-In Munich, at the celebration of the beerChurch in place of existing denominations. He hall putsch, Chancellor Hitler said: “Mr. Presidenled, further, that German warships had dent Roosevelt has commanded his ships to "begun the shooting." putting that responsi- shoot as soon as they see German ships. And I bility on the U. S. warboats. Quite on the have commanded German ships, whenever they contrary, Hitler declared, the two American see Americans, not to shoot thereupon but to destroyers (Greer and Kearny) "had attacked defend themselves as soon as they are attacked. German submarines and that therefore the The German officer who does not defend himUnited States had attacked Germany, a fact
self I will place before a court martial. If. which has also been confirmed by the American therefore, an American ship on the basis of the naval authorities."
command of its President, shoots, then it will -An Army bomber plane from Dayton Field do so at its own danger. The German ship will crashed near Findlay, O., and five persons were
defend itself and our torpedoes will strike." killed.
--Hundreds of British planes made one of the --London had its first air raid alarm since July 27. heaviest raids of the war on German cities and Nov. 2-The German High Command reported Axis ports on the Channel and in the Media
capture of Simferopol, capital of the Crimea, terranean. In Brindisi alone 127 persons were German planes bombed Sevastopol.
killed. "British supply shipping" sunk during October --Secretary of the Navy Knox announced that a totaled 441.300 gross tons.
Naval Operations Base had been established in -A U S. Army bomber's tail was blown off when Iceland under the Commander in Chief of the
12.000 feet high; two of the crew were sucked U. S. Atlantic Fleet "both for administrative
out and parachuted safely; the seven others died. and task purposes.' Nov. 3--Berlin said that Kursk, a Russian pro- Nov. 9- Berlin reported Axis bombers had sunk a
vincial capital between Moscow and Kharkov, Soviet warship and 17 transports in the Black had been taken.
Nov. 10-Prime Minister Churchill in London said: "Should the United States become involved in war with Japan a British declaration will follow
within the hour." -In the Leningrad area German forces announced
capture of Tikhvin, to the southeast, in, a
**surprise attack." -The National Defense Mediation Board, 9 to 2,
rejected the demands of John L. Lewis for a union shop for the 53,000 workers in the captive coal mines which supply fuel for the steel industry. Thereupon, Nov. 11, Philip Murray and Thomas Kennedy, who had cast the two dissenting votes, resigned from the Board. Murray is president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations and both are officers of the United Mine Workers. The alternates also resigned
from the board. Nov. 11-The Finnish Government made a nega
tive reply to the United States “warning" to stop fighting Russia, having got back the terri.
tory lost in combat with that country. Nov. 12- Berlin said German and Rumanian
troops had reached the Crimean coast south of
Kerch. --Russian advices were that the Germans had
been pushed back_five miles at Tula. -London reported British and Ethiopian forces
had completed the encirclement of Gondar, in
northern Ethiopia, and had captured Gianda. -In London, King Geroge opened the new session
of Parliament. He said: "The United States is furnishing my peoples and my Allies with war supplies of all kinds on a scale unexampled in history.' - In the south of France, Gen. Charles L. C. Huntziger, 61, Minister of War, and seven others, were killed when their plane, returning from Africa, hit a hill, in a storm, at Le Figan,
in the Gard Department. Nov. 13-The House of Representatives in Wash
ington, 212 to 194, accepted the Senate's amendments to the Neutrality Act of 1939, which, by repealing sections two, three and six of that law, had opened the way for United States merchant ships to carry arms and to go through combat zones and into the ports of belligerents with war supplies for Britain, Russia, China and other Axis opponents. The vote in the House followed personal appeals by the President and the Secretary of State, the former promising to take effective action to quell labor disputes which hinder defense production. In the final count, 53 Democrats, 137 Republicans, 3 Progressives an one Farmer-Labor member voted against the measure, while 189 Democrats, 22 Republicans and one American-Labor
representative voted for it; 12 votes were locked up in pairs; 4 women members (two Rep., two Dem.) voted for the bill and three (all Rep.) voted against The Senate 50 to 37 had voted on Nov. 7 to repeal section two, three and six. The President signed the measure four days
later. -The Germans announced officially that the
toll of enemy shipping sunk up to this month had reached 14,500,000 tons, about equal to the
figure for four years of the World War. The British 22,000-ton airplane carrier, Ark
Royal, built in 1938, was torpedoed and sunk by German submarines in the Mediterranean about 25 miles from Gibraltar; 18 of the crew were rescued. Berlin said the sinking was the result of attacks by two U-boats. The same boats, Berlin added, "damaged the battleship Malaya so severely that she had to be towed into Gibraltar harbor. Further British units suffered torpedo hits." The aircraft carrier Ark Royal already was severely damaged Sept. 26. 1939, as a result of air attack, but after repairs
she was put in service again. Nov. 14There was no material change in the
situation in the Leningrad, Moscow or Crimea areas.
Violent attacks and counter attacks continued. Fifteen survivors of the torpedoed freighter Bold Venture, arriving at Boston, reported that 13 vessels in their convoy of 53 ships were sunk in the North Atlantic on the same night (Oct. 16); that the Kearny was sunk and that two
others were sunk a day or so before. -Serbian Government troops killed 103 alleged
Communists and captured 200, most of whom were wounded, in a battle near Svilajnac, 50 miles southeast of Belgrade, a D. N. B. dispatch
from Belgrade stated. Nov. 15Following British plane attacks on cities
and ports in Southern Italy, the Fascist Air Command was shaken up and a new commander installed. Rome said that "enemy air raids were made on Catania, Acireale and Brindisi.
and incendiary and explosive bombs were
dropped. Nov. 16-Week-end conferences between the Presi
dent and John L. Lewis and between the U. S.
hands." Nov. 17-Berlin announced appointment of Alfred
Rosenburg as "Reich Minister for the East," or chief civilian administrator of occupied Soviet
territory Nov. 18 The spearheads' of German columns
struck beyond Kerch to reach the Yenikale area. Yenikale, like Kerch, is on the Kerch Straits
in Eastern Crimea. --Mass C. I. O. picketing stopped coal production
in "captive' coal mines in the Appalachian
voting Nov. 19_British forces launched a surprise of
fensive in Libya and advanced 150 miles on a front from the Mediterranean
to Jarabub. British Warships supported the attack as did the R. A. F. American made tanks and planes are part of the equipment of attacking British
forces. --The Germans and Russians were in violent con
flict in the Moscow and Rostov areas. In the Crimea, Sevastopol is under daily air and
artillery bombing. Nov. 20--Marshal Petain retired Gen. Maxime
Weygand, 74, as delegate general and military commander of French North Africa, and that area was placed under the direct control of
Vice-Premier Admiral Jean Darlan. Nov. 21-At the H. C. Frick Coke plant in Eden
born, Pa., 11 C. I. O. pickets were shot and wounded in a row with workers. It was estimated that 214,000 captive and commercial mines in Pennsylvania, West Virginia, Maryland, Kentucky and Ohio which employ 350,000, were idle, including 53,000 captive mine employes on strike for the union shop. The strike had spread to Kentucky and Ohio. A survey indicated that 48.000 commercial miners were idle in Kentucky; 61,000 in Pennsylvania; 48.000 in West Virginia; 1,200 in Ohio and 3,000 in Maryland. --In Libya, the crossing by British troops of Premier Mussolini's barbed wire barricade along the Libyan-Egyptian boundary was opposed. In the Moscow area, Russian forces evacuated the Volokolamsk sector as far as the eastern
banks of the Lama River. -The 35,000-ton U. S. battleship, Indiana, was
launched at Newport News. Va. --President Roosevelt accepted the credentials of
Thor Thors, first Minister to the United States from Iceland, whose territory is jointly policed
by American and British forces. Nov. 22- The German High Command announced
capture of the Caucasus gateway'' City of Rostov, on the River Don, and were 15 miles beyond in the direction of Astrakhan, with
435 miles to go. - In Libya, New Zealand troops entered Fort Capuzzo. John L. Lewis, head of the United Mine Workers of America, accepted a proposal by President Roosevelt to appoint a board of three to arbitrate the "closed shop" dispute that caused the strike in the captive mines' of the steel producers. The board consists of Lewis, Benjamin F. Fairless president of the U. S. Steel Corp., and John R. Steelman, director of the
U. S. Conciliation Service. Nov. 23-In Libya, New Zealand troops, it was claimed, had entered the Mediterranean port of Bardia, 'which apparently had been evacuated by the Axis soldiers''; seizure of the towns of Sidi Azeiz and Sidi Omar also was asserted.
This was denied by Rome and Berlin. -Germany has cut the cost to France of the army
of occupation from 400,000,000 to 300,000,000
francs a day. --The U. 8. Consulate at Saigon, French Indo
China, was wrecked by a bomb, but none of the consular staff was injured, the State Department announced French Indo-China is occupied by
Japanese troops. Nov. 24-Surinam (Dutch Guiana) which lies on
the northeast coast of South America, between British Guiana and French Guiana, has been added to the chain of U. S. military outposts in foreign countries. Brazil is to share in the arrangement, chiefly to guard her border there. The U. S. already has a military outpost in British Guiana. The bauxite mines in Surinam furnish upward of 60 per cent of the requirements of the United States aluminum industry which is vital to the defense of the United States, the Western Hemisphere and the nations actively resisting aggression, the White House
explained. ---The German High Command stated that "on
the central sector of the Eastern Front our offensive gained further territory. After embittered fighting, the city of Solnechnogorsk, 31 miles northwest of Moscow, was taken by tank troops. Break-out attempts by the opponent from Leningrad again collapsed under
heavy losses.' -In Libya, London said, New Zealand troops
captured Gambut, an Axis supply station. -The bulk of the Australians who comprised the main force in the Tobruk garrison were recently withdrawn secretly by night, and relieved by a force of British, Poles and East Indians; 500 of
the Australians had died and were buried there. Nov. 25-Tanks dominate the fighting in Libya
and Germany is sending both tanks and infantry by planes across the Mediterranean. The German High Command reports "embittered" fighting is increasing daily in violence. London said New Zealand forces, supported by British tanks, con
tinued their general advance toward Tobruk. -Delegates from 12 Governments met in Berlin
and signed a renewal of the five-year-old AntiComintern pact, technically directed not against Russia but the activities of the Moscow Internationale. Japan cabled her adherence. The new members are Bulgaria, Croatia, Denmark, Finland, Rumania, Slovakia and Nanking. Those renewing adherence are the old members, Germany Japan, Italy, Hungary, Spain and
Manchukuo. -The Ankara radio quoted German reports that
Axis armored units were within 1819 miles of Moscow, advancing from the Volokolasmk sector,
northwest of the capital. Nov. 26-In Libya, the main battle front was in
the Rezegh area, which the Axis forces were trying to encircle. The British said they were bringing up tank reinforcements. Germany also was striving to get more tanks and men from across the Mediterranean. South of Rezegh, London added, "Britain and South African mechanized forces in cooperation with Indian troops have captured Gialo, taking 200 Italian prisoners together with quantities of stores and equipment. Operations in this area continue to develop satisfactorily. Our air forces continue to cooperate with bombing attacks on enemy motor transport and armored fighting vehicle concentrations in the battle area." "The Italian High Command asserted that "in the central sector enemy units encircled in a pocket south of the city of Rezegh were annihilated. Among 5.000 and more prisoners counted in camps up to now, besides General Sperling, commander of an armored brigade, of the First South African division, as well as two American observers and various English and American Journalists." --Sergeant Delmar Park, of Phoenix, Ariz., a U. S. Army observer with the British in Libya,
was killed in a German tank attack, -- German forces, according to Berlin, got within
25 miles of Moscow on its northwest, by taking
a town southeast of Klin. -Secretary of State Hull handed to Japan's two
envoys-Saburo Kurusu and Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura, a document that was the "culmination" of their conferences with the Secretary on
Japan's policy in Asia and the Pacific. -Riots were reported in Copenhagen over Den
mark's signing of the Anti-Comintern Pact. -Berlin claims that a British battleship, damaged
by a U-boat on Nov. 26. oft Solum, North Africa, had been identified as the 31,000-ton
Malaya. Nov. 27-In Libya, some of the besieged New
Zealanders in Tobruk dashed forth under tanker
protection and aided in recapturing Rezegh, and were awaiting infantry reinforcements, London said. Large numbers of Germans and Italians still occupy positions in areas between the New Zealanders and Tobruk. Free French bombing planes supported the forces that escaped from Tobruk. Rome stated that "on the Solum Front, while the Savona division broke up attacks by enemy tanks, German Italian armored units recaptured the important position of Sidi Omar. British prisoners are flowing into Bardia, which
we are holding firmly." -German forces in Russia, Berlin declared, had
taken Klin, 51 miles northwest of Moscow, also 14 towns lying to the rear of the Soviet lines and fortifications" in the Tula area. The German advance southeast of Moscow was reported to have resulted in Russian evacuation of Skopkin, 50 miles southeast of Stalinogorsk and about 150 miles southeast of Moscow. The Soviet radio said five troop transports and 600
truckloads of Germans had been destroyed. Nov. 28—Maryland bombing planes, London said,
took active part in the Libya fighting. The fali of Gondar, in Ethiopia (Italian East Africa) was announced in a British communique as having occurred on the evening of Nov. 27 with the comment: “The attack began at dawn on both flanks and was pressed home with great determination by all available forces. The battle took place in high, mountainous country very favorable to defense and averaging 7,000 feet above sea level. So falls the last enemy stronghold in East Africa which the enemy has spent six months in fortifying. Principal credit for the final battle must, however, be given to East African and patriot troops. The assault on this final position was carried almost exclusively by East Africans. Artillery of all calibers, including mediums, was also largely manned by East and West Africans. More East African soldiers took part in this battle than in any one battle
of the campaign." -Berlin stated that "near Rostov and in the
Donets area, strong Soviet counter-attacks supported by airplanes and tanks were repulsed with heavy bloody losses for the enemy. At several points on the front the fight is con
tinuing. -The Finnish High Command mentioned that "on
the Hangoe, Karelian Isthmus and Svir River fronts the usual artillery and trench mortar harassing fire continued. Our artillery destroyed enemy fortified positions and log bunkers and silenced enemy anti-tank guns, numerous trench mortars and a battery of howitzers.
Our troops repulsed an attack on the Lake Ladoga coast.' Nov. 29-The Moscow communique announced re
capture of Rostov and said that it was made by an attack from the northeast, adding: "In the battles for the liberation of Rostov from the German fascist invaders we completely annihilated the army group of General von Kleist consisting of the 6th, 14th, and 16th Tank Divisions, 60th Motorized Division and the Elite Guard Viking Division, German troops are retreating in disorder in the direction of Taganrog. Soviet troops are pursuing the enemy. Germans left
on the battlefield more than 5.000 dead." -The tenth day of fighting in Libya, in the
Marmarica Desert (Botruk) area, Rome said, saw a continuation of violent all-day fighting; and, in the central zone "bitter fighting took place between armored masses and infantry on both sides, supported by artillery and aviation, during which an entire enemy motorized brigade was annihilated and 1.000 or more prisoners fell into the hands of German and Italian troops. Among the prisoners is the English General
James Karges, commander of the brigade." -Berlin's version of the Rostov situation was that
"occupation troops of Rostov, in compliance with orders are evacuating the central district of the city to make the most thorough preparations for necessary measures against the population, which, contrary to international law, participated in fighting at the rear of the German
troops." Nov. 30-In Libya, the British High Command
said that "the remaining tank strength of two German armored divisions with an Italian armored division in support, made a further attempt to break westward through defended localities held by British and New Zealand
troops in the area about Rezegh -Bir el Hamed." -In Tokio, the Japanese Foreign Minister Togo
officially called the United States proposals were based on "fantastic' principles, adding that Japan must go on with establishment of a new order in East Asia.