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had accepted Great Britain's offer to send military and economic missions to Russia to "coordinate our efforts in what is now beyond doubt
the common task--the defeat of Germany." -The German Catholic episcopate sent to all
dioceses a message describing the war against Russia as a battle for Christianity all over the world. The clergy was directed to point out in sermons that Christianity had been subjected to
terrible persecution in Bolshevist Russia. -Italy ruled that Americans must have exit visas
to leave that country. -Soviet planes bombed Constanta, Sulina, Danzig,
Koenigsberg, Lublin and Warsaw. Ankara reported that German land forces had per trated the Ukraine 120 miles, and had occupied Chisinau (Kishinev), capital of Bessarabia, 40 miles east of the Prut River; Bolgrad, 25 miles northeast of Galatz, Rumania, and Cernauti, near the Rumanian Russian border. -Russia accepted the British offer of aid. Germany put "freezing" restrictions on American
funds. June 25-The only German High Command com
munique on Russia said: "In the east, fights of the army, air force and navy against Soviet armed forces take such a farvorable course that great successes are to be expected." The Russian communique said the German and Soviet forces were in combat in Lithuania, Poland, Bessarabia and Finland. The Finns were on the defensive. Rumanians were fighting as a part of the German forces. The area around Hanko the base which the Russians got from Finland in the peace settlement of March, 1940, was the scene of violent air raids all day. Russian planes also
raided nearby islands. -Sweden announced that permission had been
granted for one division of German troops (about 15.000) to cross Swedish territory from Norway to
Finland. -The U. S. Civil Aeronautics Board zoned the air
to "facilitate the movement of military aircraft as well as to provide greater safety on the airways in the face of the enormous increase in civil and military air traffic now taking place." The air space above 17,000 feet was designated for
military operations. June 26-In Russian-held Poland, German forces
got through the Soviet defenses on the Niemen River above its junction with the Neris (Wilja) River and were within 50 miles of Minsk, capital of White Russia. There it is stated, Stalin's generals have massed 632,000 men for a major defensive stand. The troops were said to include infantry divisions totaling 500,000 men, 10 cavalry divisions of 73,000 men, 14 tank brigades
of 49.000 men and 3 air divisions of 10,500 men. - Germany announced that its auxiliary cruiser
Pinguin had been sunk in a fight with the British cruiser Cornwall in the Indian Ocean, The commander, Captain Krueder, and most of the crew were reported to have been lost. In raiding over the Atlantic and Indian Oceans the Pinguin was credited by Nazi authorities with having sunk more than 140.000 tons of enemy merchant shipping and having taken as prizes another 60.000 tons, which had already arrived in German
harbors under prize crews. -Finland entered the war against Russia. June 27-"There is a state of war between Hungary
and the Soviet Union because of the aerial attacks," the Hungarian Premier and Foreign Minister Dr. Ladislaus de Bardossy, declared in the House of Deputies, in Budapest. This was after Russian planes had raided Talabor, and Kosice, where 20 persons were killed. There were repri
sal attacks by Hungarian bombers. -Further retirement of the Russian forces amid
violent combat toward Minsk was along the northern limits of the German salient stretching from Shavii in Lithuania to Vilna and thence
southward to Baranovichi in Poland. --In Finland, Russian planes attacked the port of
Aaba, destroyed 100 buildings and killed many
shelled by Russian warships. - Denmark severed diplomatic relations with Rus
sía. British planes raked the French "invasion coast'' from Boulogne to Calais; German airmen attacked shipping in the Thames Estuary and German cannon on the French coast destroyed. it was said, British merchant convoys in the
Channel. June 28- The Germans fought the Russians in
major engagements in the Lwow and Bialystok regions, in the Soviet Union, in the German drive on Minsk. A heavy battle also was in progress in the Luck sector of the Russian-held area in
Poland. The Russians said that the front stretching from Przemysl to the Black Sea had been the scene of frequent thrusts by which the Germans were attempting to force the Pruth River and the Carpathian line into the Stanisslawow Province. German troops were driving from Northern Finland against Murmansk and along
the Karelian Isthmus toward Leningrad. June 29-In what the Federal Bureau of Investi
gation announced as the greatest spy roundup since the World War, J. Edgar Hoover, the Director, made public the names of 29 persons22 of them natives of Germany, who had been arrested charged with conspiring to violate the provisions the espionage act of June, 1917, which makes it a crime to transmit unlawfully information affecting national defense and to utilize that information to the injury of the United States or to the advantage of a foreign power of the prisoners, 18 were seized in the Port of New York, four in New Jersey and one each in Michigan and Wisconsin. Some were working in defense plants, others on American
ships. -Albania declared war on Russia. -A Berlin communique-one of 12-said that Ger
man forces had occupied Minsk and had marched on beyond, on the way to Moscow, with other German troops headed for Kiev, to the southeast, with the Black Sea as their objective. Other and summarizing communiques, stated that German troops had launched a push extending through Lithuania, part of Latvia and most of Sovietized Poland, and had captured Grodno, Brest-Litovsk, Lwow and Dubno,. in Poland: Vilna and Kaunas in Lithuania, and Dvinsk in Latvia. The German radio said Luck had been
taken. Several sea victories also were claimed. -In Britain, Lord Beaverbrook became Minister
of Supply. -Induction of 900.000 men into the United States
Army in the year beginning July 1, 1941, was
authorized by an Executive Order, June 30—On his return from Paris to Vichy, the
French Vice Premier, Jean Darlan, personally notified the Soviet Ambassador, Alex. E. Bogomolov, to quit the country. The French Ambassador to Russia, Gaston Bergery, was recalled from Moscow. The Vichy Finance Ministry froze all Russian assets. A general roundup and internment of Russians in both the occupied and the free zones of France was begun. The reason given was that Soviet diplomatic and consular agents in France "have been carrying on action prejudicial to public order and the security of
the State." -Russia formed a Defense Committee of five to
take over all authority of the State, with Joseph Stalin as chairman and Foreign Commissar Vyachesla ft M. Molotov assistant chairman. The other members are Marshal Klementy E. Voroshilov, chairman of the Defense Council; L. P. Beria, Commissar for State Security, and Georgi M. Malenkov, Secretary General of the Central Committee of the Communist Party. The decree said: "All citizens party organizations and communal institutions will have to carry out
the orders of the committee in full obedience." -German and Hungarian forces, advancing in
Galicia, took the city of Lwow (Lemberg) in Southern Poland (which the Germans took in Sept., 1939 and handed over to the Russians). Libau, a Latvian port, fell into Germany's possession. In the Ukraine region in Russia, German and Rumanian forces are jointly making an inva
sion. -In June, it was announced later, the Turkish
steamer, Refah, was torpedoed off the Turkish coast with a Turkish naval mission aboard; of the 201 persons aboard 28 survived.
1941-JULY July 1-A communique from Chancellor Hitler's
headquarters, in the field. said: "Between the Carpathians and the Pinsk swamps units of the German Army, fighting in co-operation with Slovakian troops, succeeded in carrying forward pursuit of the enemy on both sides of Lwow." The U. S. air base on Tuckers Island, Berinuda,
was put in commission. --The Russians bombed Constanta from the air. -The Germanis reported capture of Riga, capital
of Latvia. --China severed relations with Italy and Germany. July 2-Soviet Premier Joseph V. Stalin, in a radio
broadcast, told all Russia that German armies directed by the monster Hitler, had occupied Lithuania, most of Latvia, the Western parts of
White Russia and the Ukraine. --A German communique said that in the encircle
ment of the Bialystok "trap" a large part of the
Russian troops in that area was destroyed: "progressing relentlessly," without mentioning 100,000 prisoners were taken, with 400 armored any place names. cars, 300 pieces of artillery and much other Fighting continued in Syria. booty, including tour armored trains. The "trap" -British planes raided Naples and Syracuse, is a triangle formed roughly by Minsk, Bialystok Aachen, Havre, Lille and Cherbourg. German and Vilna.
planes bombed Hull, Folkestone, Great Yarmouth July 3- What the Germans called the 10-day battle and Middlesborough. They sank, it was said, five of Bialystok ended with an official Berlin an- merchant ships in a convoy at the mouth of the nouncement that the Russian forces were in Bristol Channel. retreat along the entire line, two of the Russian July 11-Secretary Knox told the Senate Naval Alarmies were trapped between Bialystok and fairs Committee that there had been no shooting Minsk, which has yielded 100,000 prisoners. Snow of any kind by United States ships, but that on is falling in the Lwow sectorRumanian troops one occasion an American destroyer had dropped joined in the German attack later and the & depth bomb when its detecting instruments combined forces have advanced from Northern indicated the nearness of a submarine as the
Moldavia and have crossed the Pruth River. destroyer was picking up survivors from a sunken -The Finnish High Command in its first com- British vessel in semi-darkness.
munique of the war announced that German and - The Russian armies were put under command Finnish troops had occupied the Aaland Islands. of Marshals K. E. Voroshilov, S. K. Timoshenko Russian planes raided Helsinki and the Hangoe and Semyon Budenny. airdome, 90 miles to the west.
July 12-The German High Command reported its -In Syria the French garrison at Tadmur sur- forces had broken
the Stalin Line at "all decisive rendered to the British.
points' in their drives toward Leningrad, Moscow -Russians continued their withdrawal to the Stalin and Kiev. The German Army pushed through
Line of blockhouses, 20 miles deep. They said in the central area to a point 125 miles beyond they had killed, wounded or captured 700,000 Minsk, about 50 miles from Smolensk, a comGermans in the Minsk area. The Germans said munications center. Hungarian troops and mo20,000 Russians had surrendered.
tor units were pursuing Red Army defenders -Pietro Gazzera, Supreme Commander of the re- east of Zbruez the river, which once was the maining Italian forces under arms in Ethiopia, border between Galicia and the Russian Ukraine. surrendered with all the forces operating in Axis planes raided Leningrad; also the Suez Galla Sidamo Province.
Canal July 5-German front units in Russia, advancing --Pending an armistice fighting in Syria was sus
at an average, they said, of 25 miles a day, were pended. The armistice was signed July 14, at in contact with the main Stalin Line on the Acre. Under its terms Syria and the Lebanon Dnieper River in the region of Orsha, 300 miles will be occupied by the Allies. France, on July southwest of Moscow.
15, gave up her 21 years of rule and turned the July 6-A lull in fighting marked British conversa- mandate over to British and Free French armies
tions with Lebanese and Syrian leaders looking of occupation. toward armistice negotiations with the Vichy -Russia and Britain signed, at Moscow, a mutual government of France.
assistance treaty. -German forces held the city of Minsk, but there
13-The Russian communique reported and elsewhere there was, resistance, the com- "major violent fighting" in Pasko, Vitebsk and muniques said. Their prisoners, Berlin stated. Novograd areas. The German communique said had been increased to 300.000 by 52,000 surrenders Vitebsk was taken on July 11. Axis troops were in the Minsk area. The city of Smolensk was at the gates of Kiev and "German-Rumanian bombed by German planes.
armies advancing from Moldavia have thrown the July 7-President Roosevelt informed Congress that enemy back along a wide front to and across the
the United States had occupied Iceland by agree- Dniester River. Operating from Galicia, German, ment with the Danish government. He had acted,
Slovak and Hungarian troops are pursuing the he explained, because of "1, the threat against enemy.' Greenland and the northern portion of the North
-German planes, Berlin said, sank two freighters American Continent, including the islands which
(12,000 tons) in the Suez Canal roadstead. lie off it; 2, The threat against all shipping in
-British planes flew through thunder storms and the North Atlantic; 3, The threat against the
attacked Bremen. steady flow of munitions to Britain, which is a --The Italian Government put all American busimatter of broad policy clearly approved by the
ness in Italy under the control of Italian officials. Congresg."
July 14--Russians announced they had sunk, July -The President added that he had guaranteed to
12, in the Baltic, 13 German troopships, two dethe Iceland Premier, Hermann Jonasson, that
stroyers, a barge load of tanks and had set the sovereignty of the Island would be respected
fire to 13 other troopships. The Finnish High and defended, and that the United States would
Command reported Finnish troops had smashed withdraw on the close of the war in Europe.
through Russian fortifications on the Karelian Congress also was informed that the President
Isthmus north of Leningrad and had “driven well had put "substantial" armed forces on Trinidad.
into Soviet territory." Berlin said that "breaknear the Panama Canal, and on British Guiana.
through operations on the Eastern front continue --The Canadian Prime Minister, W. L. MacKenzie
on schedule." King announced that all Canadian troops had
July 15-"In the second phase of the invasion of
Russia, now seven days old, German armies have been moved from Iceland and that Canadians had
penetrated in some places part and in some built roads and established bases making ready
places all of the Stalin Line of defenses which for the occupation by U. S. forces.
are 20 to 30 miles wide. They are nearing Kiev -In Russia, German-Rumanian troops captured
on the south. The have crossed the Dnieper Cernauti, capital of Sovietized Bukovina, and
River at several points in the center and they reached upper stretches of the Dniester River.
have pushed beyond Pskov on the road to LeninJuly 9 In the Bessarabian area, Russian forces
grad in the north." "Fierce battles are continuing prevented the German and Rumanian troops
in the Pskov-Porkhov, Vitebsk and Novogradfrom advancing beyond the Pruth River and also
Volynsk sectors, a Russian communique said. Moscow said, hindered their plans to reach the
The Germans, Berlin said, has crossed the Luga Dniester River. The German drive toward Lenin
river, which along most of its course is 60 to 80 grad from the south has not moved beyond
miles southwest of Leningrad. Ostrov.
--Soviet Government services are packing up and - Motorized Hungarian troops have advanced 100
leaving Moscow miles in Galicia.
-German and Italian consular officials departed -In the north, on the Murmansk coast, united
from New York and other United States posts. Finnish-German forces are advancing from Pet
and United States diplomatic attaches left Rome, samo; on the east front they took five towns.
Berlin and other Axis posts. pursuant to the including Pepola; further south they got Salla, mutual-reprisal evacuation deadline date. The
and drove the Russians back from Enso. Hel- Germans and Italians were bound for Lisbon. sinki is bombed daily by Russian planes. Moscow July 16A German communique, dated from said the Germans still were being stalled in the
Chancellor Hitler's headquarters on the Russian drives toward Leningrad, Moscow and the
front, said: "In the east operations are proUkraine. Berlin reported Axis forces had cap- ceeding favorably. In several places desperate tured Wiljandi and Paernu, on the route toward Soviet counter-attacks have been repulsed with Tallinn, Estonia, and that the drive toward bloody losses for the enemy. In the fight against Leningrad was progressing after the taking of Great Britain the air force damaged two big Ostrov
merchantmen east of Newcastle Fighting planes -France (Vichy) asked Britain for an armistice in bombed the port facilities at Margate." Moscow Syria.
reported that Germany's armored troops
had July 10-A German High Command communique reached the Smolensk area. 90 miles east of VI
said the Reich troops on the Russian fronts were tebsk and 230 miles from Moscow.
-Moscow's 4,200,000 residents were rationed as to the British dollar exchange without selling their foodstuffs and manufactured goods.
securities and investments at forced sale. ProThe second cabinet of Prince Konoye in Japan ceeds of the loan will be used to pay for war resigned, after a year's tenure.
materials contracted for in this country before -Gen. Sir Henry Maitland Wilson arrived in the lease-lend act and will be made available at
Beirut, Syria, and Australian units of the British the approximate rate of $100,000,000 a month. forces completed the occupation of the north cape Collateral is provided mainly by British-owned and the mountain hinterland. With Wilson was American securities and capital stock of BritishGen. Georges Catroux, commander of the Free owned U. S. Insurance companies valued at over French troops.
$500,000,000. July 17-In Russia the political commissars who July 23-The official communique from Hitler's
were shelved in August, 1940, after the war with field headquarters said: “In the Ukraine, GerFinland, were restored and renamed war com- man, Rumanian, Hungarian and Slovak troops missars.
continued the pursuit untiringly. On other parts -Rationing of shoes, foods and manufactured pro- of the eastern front enveloping and annihilation ducts was extended to Leningrad.
of small and big Soviet groups continue. In the -The Germans announced capture of Smolensk, course of attempts to break the ring and help in
230 miles west of Moscow. They also reported close troops the enemy everywhere suffered extraoccupation of Polotsk and Kishinev (Chisinau) ordinarily sanguinary losses." adding that a "tremendous struggle was still -The Russian communique said stubborn battles in progress, with 9,000,000 soldiers involved, with were waged against the enemy in the directions "great successes in the making."
of Polotsk-Nevel, Smolensk and Zhitomir, and on -President Roosevelt, by proclamation, banned the Bessarabian sector of the front.
United States trading with 1.800 firms and per- -The Finns are pursuing retreating Russian forces sons in Latin America deemed to have been acting through the woods in Viena Province. The road. for the benefit of Germany or Italy.
they report, is hardly more than a lumber trail; --Harry L. Hopkins, who had flown unannounced it is thickly mined. In some places there is an
to England, attended a meeting of the British explosive buried in nearly every square yard for War Cabinet.
stretches of as much as four miles. These mines, July 18-The German communique said that Reich unearthed by Finnish engineers, are piled at the
forces had been in possession of Smolensk since roadsides, while stakes mark those not yet dug July 16 despite Russian counter attacks and had out pushed on toward Moscow.
July 24-The British Government ordered registra-The Finns announced they had captured the tion of 3,000,000 more men and women for the
town of Vaertsilae, 28 miles north of Lake Lado- armed forces or for war work. ga.
- In the Channel and nearby coast raids, the -President Roosevelt stated that the Navy had British planes are encountering heavier enemy
orders to keep the sea lanes open between the air resistance, and it has come to light that the United States and Iceland, as well as other out- German battleship, Scharnhorst, has left Brest lying American garrisons, against attack or
and is at La Pallice. threat of attack.
-The German communique said that the operaJuly 19-Berlin announced that Reich troops, tions of their armed forces and of their allies which had captured Smolensk, had fought their *are taking their planned course on the entire way to within less than 200 miles of Moscow
east front in spite of difficult roads and strong and were still advancing. Berlin said also that local resistance. The Russian war bulletin said in some sectors German forces had left the that "stubborn fighting continued in the Pork
Stalin Line more than 60 miles behind them. hov, Polotsk-Nevel, Smolensk and Zhitomir direc-Premier Stalin took over the post of Defense tions. There were no major activities on other Commissar in Russia.
sectors of the front." --Germany and Switzerland signed a mutual com- -At Lisbon, German consular officials and their mercial agreement.
families from the United States were formally --The Bolivian Government proclaimed a nation- exchanged for Americans similarly ordered out
wide state of seige. began arresting pro-German of Germany and German-occupied territory: 248 propagandists, and declared the German Min- Americans were exchanged for 200 Germans. ister, Ernst Wendler, an undesirable.
July 25--The French Foreign Ministry announced July 20-Berlin advices said the Russian central a joint arrangement with Japan by which accord
army, retreating from Smolensk toward Moscow will fix the details of Franco-Japanese cooperaalong the main invasion route followed by Napo- tion in Indo-China. President Roosevelt anleon 129 years ago, was being snared in a series nounced he had issued an executive order freezof pockets. In Moscow, the Red Army command ing Japanese assets in the United States and said the German drives had been stalled in added that at the request of Generalissimo violent battles, and that a Russian counter- Chian Kai-shek, and to help the Chinese Govassault had recaptured an important city "with ernment, he had extended the freezing control to the initial s' in a rout of Nazi forces. In Bes- Chinese assets in the United States. Britain and sarabia the Germans advanced from Chisinau Canada followed suit. toward Odessa, on the Black Sea.
July 26_Japan ordered freezing of all United States July 21-All shipping agencies have been notified and British funds. The Tokio Stock Exchange
of an order by Panama Canal authorities re- and the Yokohama Silk Exchange closed: United stricting or prohibiting transit of merchant ship- States defense agencies froze all stocks of raw ping "for the time being to permit urgent silk, limited its processing, sought suspension of repairs. The immediate effect was to block trading in silk futures on commodity exchanges
passage of a number of waiting Japanese ships, and announced a ceiling on silk prices. Britain -U. S troops reached British Guiana to garrison denounced its commercial treaties with Japan
the two American defense bases--a patrol plane and those of Japan with Burma and India. and squadron base with aerodrome on the bank -President Roosevelt placed the Philippine army of the River Demerara, 25 miles up: a seaplane and navy under United States Military and Naval base near Suddie on the west bank of the mouth command. Gen. Douglas A. MacArthur, former of the River Essequibo, 1.500 air miles east of Chief of Staff, who has trained the Philippines the Panama Canal.
forces for six years, was recalled to active service -A Russian communique said heavy fighting was to take command of the American Army in the
in progress in the areas around Polotsk. Nevel, islands and the entire Filipino militia. Smolensk and Novograd Volynsk. Stalin added July 27-A German "spearhead" pushing its way four new Vice-Commissars of Defense to his staff. through Russian defense lines, was reported to His son, Jacob, was reported by Berlin to have be within 43 miles of Leningrad. Heavy fighting been captured, July 16, near Liozno, Russia.
continued in the Prevel. Smolensk and Zhitomir July 22-The Germans developed a new drive areas. The Finnish communique said that all toward Leningrad, northeast of that city, along the territory that was ceded to Russia 16 months the Pskov-Porkhov line. Combined German-Fin- ago had been recaptured. nish forces assaulted Russian positions in the -London experienced its first heavy German air neighborhood of Petrozavodsk, on Lake Onega, attack since May 10 when Rudolf Hess parawhich is 140 miles inside Russia from the Finnish chuted to earth in Scotland. frontier. Scores were killed in Moscow by a Ger- July 28--The Berlin communique said: "The battle man air raid, which Berlin said was in reprisal of Smolensk is drawing to a successful conclusion. for "Bolshevist' plane attacks on Bucharest and All Bolshevist attempts to prevent annihilation Helsinki There now are daily air attacks on the of encircled Soviet units were nipped in the bud. Suez Canal or its approaches.
In the Ukraine allied troops continued in pursuit -Japan imposed radio and cable censorship.
of the enemy in spite of bad roads. On the Fin--The United States Reconstruction Finance Corp. nish front German and Finnish troops. in the
authorized a loan of $425,000,000 to Great Britain, face of tough enemy resistance, are gaining furwith the approval of President Roosevelt. Au- ther ground." The Russian communique said: thority was granted by Congress for providing "Our troops continued to fight in the direction of Smolensk and Zhitomir. The enemy offensive in destructive battle is under way in the region 250 these directions is breaking against the firmness milometers (155 miles) south of Kiev. Soviet and stubbornness of our troops. In some places divisions trapped east of Smolensk are being our troops have passed to energetic counter-at- further hemmed in."
tacks and inflicted heavy losses on the enemy." Aug. 3-President Roosevelt left New London. -The Netherlands East Indies froze Japanese trade Conn., on the warship Potomac, on an officially
and assets. Japan reciprocated. Finland broke described private cruise at sea. At about the off relations with Britain.
same time Prime Minister Winston Churchill -Japan has begun occupation of air bases in Indo- and American Observer Harry L. Hopkins, an China, by agreement with Vichy.
emissary of Mr. Roosevelt, vanished from Lon-In the United States Senate, Mr. Wheeler, Dem., don. Movements of the President's squadron, or
of Montana, answered the recent public charge any accounts of their whereabouts, were kept by Secretary of War Stimson that the circulation from publication until Aug. 14, when an official of anti-war postcards to soldiers comes “very statement in Washington said Mr. Roosevelt and near the line of subversive activity against the Mr. Churchill and their aides had "met at sea" U. S.. if not treason," The Senator said the and had agreed on a joint declaration of their circularizing was from a commercial list of mutual aims toward a “better future for the names, there was no intention to concentrate on world." The statement set forth eight steps to soldiers. Mr. Stimson on July 29 apologized,
that end. July 29The Russian communique said: "Our
--The Russian communique said "our troops controops engaged the enemy in the directions of tinued fighting the enemy in the Smolensk. Novorzhev, Nevel, Smolensk and Zhitomir. There
Korosten and Byelaya Tserkov directions, and on was particularly heavy fighting in the Smolensk
the Estonian sector of the front." The German direction, where our units detrenched the enemy
communique said: "In the destruction of the from their positions with a succession of counter
enemy west of Lake Peipus, about 10,000 prisoners attacks. The enerny suffered heavy losses." The
were taken and also many tanks, cannon and German communique said: “Rumanian troops
other war materials." A pincer movement against have reached the region of the Dniester estuary.
Kiev was developed. Bessarabia thus is completely liberated from
-Merchant convoys in the Atlantic and in the the enemy. Operations in the Ukraine continued
Baltic and Mediterranean suffered losses in daily steadily. The enemy's power groups, which were
plane and submarine attacks and there were the overrun in the course of our break-through of the
usual air raids on British, German and Channel Stalin Line in the direction of Smolensk, now
ports and cities, including Berlin and Moscow. have been virtually wiped out. The last encircle
--The Eastern United States seaboard passed under ment east of Smolensk is facing destruction."
a daily 7 P.M. to 7 A.M. ban on sales of gasoline July 30The Russian war communique said: "Our
to motorists. troops continued fighting the enemy in the No
Aug. 4-The Russian communique said: "Our vorzhev-Nevel directions and especially stubborn
troops continued to fight the enemy in the ly in the Smolensk and Zhitomir directions. In
Smolensk, Korosten and Byelaya Tserkov diother directions and sectors of the front, no
rections and on the Estonian sector of the front.'
The German communique said: "In encircling important engagements took place." The German communique said: “Renewed attempts by
operations in the Ukraine, German speed troops
and Hungarian units cut off vital railroad conthe opponent to liberate his forces encircled east of Smolensk by means of relief attacks have been
nections of the enemy. The bulk of Soviet armed repulsed. The enemy has suffered severe losses.
forces trapped east of Smolensk has now been On other parts of the eastern front operations - The U. S. Department of State formally notified
destroyed. The remainder is facing dissolution." continued according to plan."
Russia that the latter would receive all economic -British planes bombed the Finnish Arctic port of
assistance practicable." Petsamo. -Harry L. Hopkins flew from London to Moscow,
-The Finns reported that "an encircled enemy
(Russian) unit north of Lake Ladoga, of which and received from Premier Josef Stalin a per
200 men were found dead, was destroyed." sonal note for President Roosevelt. -Russia signed a pact (in London) with the
-Rome said an Italian torpedo boat rammed and
sank the British submarine Cachalot and picked Polish Government-in-exile, restoring to Poland
up 91 survivors. the areas taken by Russia in 1939,
-Japanese shipping to the U. S. has been sus-The United States officially recognized the Provi- pended
sional Government of Czecho-Slovakia in Great -The Russians reported they shot down 53 German Britain under the Presidency of Dr. Eduard airplanes and lost 21 of their own in one day. Benes.
Aug. 5--The German communique said: "In the July 31-The Russian communique said: "Our Ukraine, breakout attempts of the enemy forces troops continued fighting in the directions of encircled in a limited area were repulsed. Units Porkhov, Novorzhev, Smolensk and Zhitomir. No of the opponent were annihilated. In a widening major operations took place in other sectors of break through the region 62 miles southwest of the front. Especially stubborn fighting developed Smolensk a new enemy power party was partly in the Smolensk direction, where our troops by annihilated and partly encircled in a surprise counter-attacks threw back the enemy with thrust In Estonia the town of Tapa was taken." heavy losses. We captured prisoners and booty." The Russian bulletin said: "Our troops continued The German communique said: "During opera- fighting against the enemy in the directions of tions in pursuit of defeated Russian armies in the Smolensk, Koresten, Byelaya Tserkov and on Ukraine, German forces made a deep thrust into the Estonian sector of the front." the enemy retreat movement. Encirclement of --British air forces are busy in offense and defense the enemy east of Smolensk was further tight- operations in the Suez area, and in East Africa. ened. Units fighting in Estonia threw the op
the Baltic Sea and the North Atlantic. ponent back to the north."
-Large numbers of British reinforcements, in-Italy's expeditionary corps has reached the east- cluding Indian troops, air, land and naval perern front to fight with the Germans against Rus
sonnel, have arrived at Singapore. sia.
6 Adolf Hitler's headquarters announced -Vice-President Wallace was made head of the
that the army group of Field Marshal Gen. von new Economic Defense Board.
Bock had 'victoriously concluded" the almost
month-long "great Battle of Smolensk," and, in 1941-AUGUST
the Russian campaign to date had taken 895,000
prisoners, 13.145 tanks, 10.388 pieces of artillery, Aug. 1-Moscow noted that "fighting continued in
9,082 airplanes (destroyed or captured). After a the directions of Novorzhev, Smolensk and detailed review of the anti-Bolshevik campaign Zhitomir" and there was no major engagement the Chancellor announced the beginning of new elsewhere. The Berlin communique said battles operations." The official German news agency in on the East Front continue to develop in our Berlin estimated the Russian dead at 3,000,000. favor." The official German news agency
The High Command said the Germans had (D.N.B.) announced 35.000 Russian prisoners and
broken through the Stalin line at three "de205 cannon had been taken in the Smolensk
cisive" points-south of the Pinsk marshes in sector,
the direction of Kiev; in the direction of -Germany restored to Poland all of the land that
Smolensk on the Moscow front, and south of had been under Russian rule by the 1939 treaty. Lake Peipus toward Leningrad. -British destroyers raided the roadsted of Alghero -The Russian communique said: "Our troops
and the harbor at Porto Conte in Sardinia. fought stubbornly against the enemy in Kaeki. Aug. 2-"Fighting continued in the direction of salmi, Smolensk and Byelaya Tserkov directions
Navel, Smolensk and Zhitomir, No major en- and in the Estonian sector of the front." gagements took place," the Russian communique Aug. 7-At Moscow the Soviet Information Bureau said. The German communique said: "In the announced that the actual results of the war Ukraine, German speed units thrust deeply into with Russia were: Casualties German, 1.500.000: the enemy's retreat movement. Another great Russian, 600,000. Tanks destroyed-German, 6,000: Russian, 5.000. Airplanes destroyed bear all its fruits. As regards Italy, our relations German, 6,000; Russian, 4,000. Guns destroyed likewise are controlled by an armistice convenGerman, 8,000; Russian, 7,000.
tion. Here again our desires are to escape from -The Russian communique said: "Our troops these provisional relations to create more stable
fought the enemy in the Kaekisalmi, Kholm, ties without which the European order cannot be Smolensk and Byelaya Tserkov directions.
constructed. --The German communique reiterated that Hitler's "I would also recall to the great American forces captured Smolensk on July 16 by a motorized Republic the reasons why it has no cause to fear infantry division in "hand-to-hand fighting and & decline of French ideals. Certainly our parwas held against continuous, furious enemy liamentary democracy is dead, but it never had attacks."
more than a few traits in common with the Aug. 8-Commons was officially informed that democracy of the United States. As for the British Imperial forces left behind 25.680 pris- instinct of liberty, it still lives within us, proud oners and dead in the evacuations of Greece and strong." and Crete. This included Australian and New The Marshal suspended political parties and Zealand forces and those from the United Freemasons public functions; he suppressed the Kingdom. Of the total British strength in Greece pay of members of the Parliament as of Sept. 30. at the German attack-57,757 officers and men- -German armored forces are within an estimated 44,865 were evacuated. When the Germans at- 40 miles of the Russian port of Nikolaev, on the tacked Crete the British strength there was Black Sea.
27,550 and of these 14,580 were taken safely away. ---Russian planes rald Berlin nightly, alternating --Commons was told, also, that the White Star with British attacks on Germany mostly by day
ocean liner, Georgic, had been "damaged by light-sometimes vice versa. Together they cover enemy action."
large areas of the Reich. -The German communique said: "In the Ukraine - Russian planes destroyed, Moscow said. the railan enemy power group encircled southeast of way bridge over the Danube, near Cernavoda, Uman was annihilated. More than 30.000 pris- Rumania, one of the largest in Europe. oners, among them high troop leaders. German Aug. 13—The Hitler headquarters communique, in troops fighting in Estonia captured Vesenberg referring to the trap" by which Odessa is being (Rakwere) and penetrated to the coast of the put in an encirclement attempt, said: "In the Gulf of Finland." The Russian bulletin said: Southern Ukraine infantry divisions and motor"Our troops fought the enemy in the Kaekisalmi, ized troops of the German Army and its allies are Smolensk, Korosten and Byelaya Tserkov di- pursuing the enemy, retreating toward Black Sea
rections and on the Estonian sector of the front." harbors. Great losses have been inflicted upon Aug. 9-In the Ukraine, German forces driving Soviet rear guards, which have been forced to south from Lipovets and Uman made "con- make a stand during the hot pursuit. siderable progress." Close to the south of the Italian planes are active in Africa, and in the Pinsk Marshes, German troops, after days of Mediterranean where they are aided by warships. fighting in a forest and swamp region took the In the Ukraine the Italian forces have progressed railway junction of Korosten. The Russians said through the mud and the dust about 62 miles their forces engaged in fierce fighting with the beyond Soroca, on the old Bessarabian frontier, enemy in the Kaekisalmi, Smolensk, Korosten and they are taking part in the drive on Odessa. and Byelaya Tserkov directions.
-Russian bombers attacked the Borgae district, --The U. S. Office of Production Management put Rauma and Kotka, while Finnish planes raided steel under 100 per cent priority control.
Russian columns, barracks and trains on the Aug. 10—The German official news agency an- Murmansk railroad.
nounced a direct hit on the Kremlin in an air Aug. 14—A bulletin from Hitler's field headraid on Moscow.
quarters said: "German, Rumanian, Hungarian -A Russian plane bombed and destroyed the dome and Italian detachments are irresistibly adof the Cathedral in Parvoo, Finland.
vancing south between the Dniester and the -A plane with 22 persons aboard crashed as it was Dnieper. Odessa has been encircled by Rumanian
leaving an English west coast airport bound for troops. Nikolaev has been surrounded from the the United States. All were killed, including west and east by German-Hungarian detachArthur B. Purvis, Chairman of the British Supply ments. In the course of the advance along the Council in North America. Eleven of the dead lower Dnieper, German speed troops occupied the were U. S. pilots engaged in the ferrying of mining region of Krivog Rog." Russian forces American bombing planes to Britain.
in the Ukraine evacuated Kirovograd and -The British Admiralty announced that the 1,375- Pervomaisk.
ton destroyer Defender, which carried a normal -The U. S. Senate, 37 to 19, passed the joint complement of 145 officers and men, had been resolution of Congress which extends the original sunk but that all aboard had been saved.
year of service of selectees, National Guards and --The Russian communique said their soldiers still Reservists by 18 months to make a total of two
were "fighting stubbornly" in the directions of and one-half years. Regulars who have enlisted Soltsy. Kohlm. Smolensk, Byelaya Tserkov and for three years can be retained for four and Uman. Berlin said that "operations in the east one-half years. The House had passed the are proceeding according to plan."
resolution, 203 to 202, Aug. 12. The President Aug. 11-The Soviet communique said: "Our troops signed the resolution Aug. 18.
continued fighting the enemy in the Soltay, Aug. 15-The German communique said that Odessa Smolensk, Byelaya Tserkov and Uman directions. had been encircled by Rumanian troops and Our air force continued to inflict blows on enemy Nikolaev by German-Hungarian units. Eastward panzer troops and infantry, attacked his aircraft of the Bug River, German units in pursuit of on airdromes and bombed a large railway bridge the defeated enemy took the ore region of Krivoy at Cernavoda on the Danube and ships at Rog. The Moscow bulletin said: "Our troops Constanta. The bridge was destroyed." Berlin were engaged with the enemy in the directions stated officially that the Germans had driven a of Kaekisalmi, Saraya Russa, Smolensk and the wedge into the Ukraine, pointed toward the Estonian part of the front." A later bulletin Black Sea along the Bug River from a point said that fighting had extended along the whole directly south of Kiev. Masses of Russian troops front. were said to have been trapped and wiped out ---A 10 per cent cut in the deliveries of gasoline to there. These forces are mostly "panzers" sup- filling stations, garages and other retailers in 17 ported by Hungarian cavalry and motorized units. Eastern States was ordered by the Government. while a second line of troops has followed up - A joint United States and British invitation was and completed the destruction. Military quarters sent to Stalin to confer on a "more long terin in Ankara, Turkey, said the Germans were put- policy, since there is still a long and hard path ting 70 divisions, or more than 1,000,000 men, to be traversed before there can be won that into this push.
complete victory without which our efforts and President Roosevelt issued an Executive Order di- sacrifices would be wasted. We are at the morecting the Federal Reserve Board to use a World ment cooperating to provide you with the very War statute and its criminal penalties to curb maximum of supplies that you most urgently installment credit used for the purchase of con- need. Already many shiploads have left our shores sumers' durable goods," which totals $10.000,- and more will leave in the immediate future. 000.000 a year.
We realize fully how vitally important to the Aug. 12-Marshal Petain, in a radio broadcast from defeat of Hitlerism is the brave and steadfast Vichy. announced appointment of Vice Premier resistance of the Soviet Union and we feel, Jean Darlan as Minister of National Defense in therefore, that we must not in any circumstances direct control of all land, sea and air defenses. fail to act quickly and immediately in this matter **Authority, the Marshal said. "no longer on planning the program for the future allocaemanates from below. The only authority is that tion of our joint resources." which I entrust or delegate. As for collaboration Aug. 16 In the Ukraine, German and Rumanian --offered in the month of October, 1940, by the forces drove southward along the Dniester River Charcellor of the Reich under conditions that toward Odessa Other Axis forces went south made me appreciate their deference it was a along the Bug River toward Uman and the long-term labor and has not yet been able to Russian naval base of Nikolaev, A third column