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According to the U. S. Bureau of the Census there were in 1939 a total of 6,991 hospitals, of which 5,350 were General, 485 were Tuberculosis, 594 were Nervous and Mental, and 562 were other. Beds numbered 1,186,262 (excluding bassinets); admissions in the year were 9,626,682; total patient days, 355,145,063.

Progress in the Fight Against the Venereal Diseases

Source: United States Public Health Service

Unprecedented advance has been made in the United States in recent years in the attack on the venereal diseases. Among the important indices of progress are the expansion and improvement of diagnostic and treatment facilities, the greater percentage of patients now being treated in the early stages of syphilis, the greater percentage of patients continuing treatment until cured, the increase in the number of States with special divisions of venereal disease control, the increase in salutary legislation, and the increasing number of States providing free distribution of drugs used in the treatment of syphilis. While the venereal diseases include, primarily, syphilis and gonorrhea, the heaviest attack is being directed at syphilis, as that disease is the most damaging. New drugs-sulfathiazol especially-have made an effective attack on gonorrhea possible.

On July 1, 1938, there were approximately 1,750 clinics and dispensaries for the treatment of the venereal diseases. These facilities had increased to more than 3,000 by January, 1941.

There has been a corresponding increase in the number of laboratories, at present over 2,000, for the detection of venereal disease, and in the number of tests performed. In 1930 only 1,632,000 blood tests were made for syphilis and 605,631 laboratory tests for gonorrhea, whereas in the fiscal year 1940 the respective figures were 10,216,978 and 1,083,086. In 1930 only 880,276 doses of arsphenamine were administered, as compared with 6,895,837 doses distributed in the fiscal year 1940.

The serologic tests required to be made by the examining physicians of the local draft boards under the Selective Service Act of 1940 have brought to light many heretofore undisclosed cases of syphilis and gonorrhea. Among the first 1,070.000 men examined between November, 1940, and April, 1941, there were discovered 48,000 cases of syphilis and 15,000 cases of gonorrhea. The syphilis rates varied from a low of 1.4 per 1,000 for white persons, 43.9 per 1,000 for Negroes, in areas where long continued and adequate venereal disease control programs had been in operation, to a high of 53.5 per 1,000 for white persons, 380.4 per 1.000 for Negroes, in economically and socially poorer States which have had no long term pro

grams. It is expected that discovery of venereal disease among men of military age will not only result in the treatment of many cases and in the consequent removal of sources of infection, but will stimulate increased venereal disease control activities in State and local health departments.

Effective community programs-and it is in the communities where syphilis is controlled-embrace nine points listed by the Public Health Service as essential. These are:

1. A trained public health staff which knows how to deal with syphilis. 2. Regulations requiring reporting and follow-up on all cases of syphilis. 3. Facilities for treatment of all patients-both those who can and who cannot pay. 4. Free laboratory service available to all physicians and clinics.

7.

5. Distribution of free antisyphilitic drugs to all physicians and clinics. 6 Blood tests for all pregnant women, and treatment where required. Blood tests of all persons before marriage. Blood tests in all complete physical examinations. 9. An educational program.

8.

All present available evidence indicates that community programs of this nature will substantially affect the statistical picture of syphilis today -a picture which shows that more than 100,000 persons die each year from syphilis; one in 10 cases of insanity is due to syphilis; one in seven cases of blindness is due to syphilis; 25,000 babies die each year from syphilis; 60,000 children are born with syphilis each year; 10,000,000 persons now have or have had syphilis.

Money is essential to put into effect in each community programs which will make possible the control of syphilis.

The general public and various voluntary and professional organizations, led by the American Social Hygiene Association, began to demand that something be done; in 1938 Congress passed the LaFollette-Bulwinkle Bill. It authorized appropriations to enable the Public Health Service to aid States in the control of the venereal diseases. A sum of $3,000,000 was authorized for the fiscal year 1939, $5,000,000 for 1940, and $7.000.000 for 1941. Appropriations as authorized were made for the fiscal years 1939 and 1940. For the fiscal year 1941 Congress appropriated $6,200,000 and for 1942 $6,250,000.

Patients in Hospitals for Mental Disease, Jan. 1, 1940

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The figures above show resident patients at the end of 1939-400,017 in public hospitals (including 28,653 under care of the Veterans' Administration) and 11,252 in private institutions.

The table above does not include 80,189 mental defectives and 16,286 epileptics in other state institutions.

7,000,000 Enrolled in Non-Profit Hospitalization

The movement is sponsored by the American Hospital Association, which, through the Hospital Service Plan Commission, approves plans which meet certain standards of public service, community participation, hospital sponsorship, and economic stability. Approved plans are permitted to identify themselves by the use of the seal of the American Hospital Association superimposed upon a blue

Source: C. R. Rorem, Director, Hospital Service Plan, American Hospital Association More than 7,000,000 persons in 30 States had placed hospital care in the family budget on July 1, 1941, through community-sponsored non-profit hospital service plans-often referred to as Blue Cross Plans-which use the principles of social and private insurance to remove the hazard of hospital bills. The subscribers to such plans represent the employees of more than 100,000 firms, ranging from corner groceries to nation-wide industrial plants. The enrollment as of July 1, 1941:

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9

1,868,429

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8

890,523

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5

767,401

Rhode Island.

50,086

1

436,189

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1

416,537

Wisconsin..

39,320

383,163

Kentucky

34,152

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33,234

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32.668

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30,821

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No two hospital service plans are identical, but they are alike in principle. Each one is a community-sponsored non-profit corporation, the trustees of which serve without pay. The board of directors is selected by or from important groups in the community, including hospitals. medical profession, industry, welfare, and labor. The corporation or "plan" enters into contracts with employed persons who make regular subscriptions of fifty to eighty-five cents a month an individual, or $1.00 to $2.00 a month a family, into a common fund which is used to pay necessary hospital bills. Each employed subscriber and his family dependents are entitled (in general) to three or four weeks of hospital care in a ward or semi-private room, depending upon the subscription agreement in each community.

The corporations also enter into contracts with "member-hospitals" in each community, which guarantee to furnish the designated services to subscribers in need of hospital care, for which the institutions receive stated per-diem payments from the Blue Cross plan. Subscribers are enrolled on a group basis through their places of employment.

In

Many of the "approved" plans are under the legal control of special "enabling acts" administered by the various state departments of insurance and public welfare. Others are organized in accord with general corporation or insurance laws. supplement other legal requirements for protection every instance, the approved plans replace or of the subscriber with hospital-guaranty contracts by which the member-hospitals agree to furnish the stated services to paid-up subscribers.

Blue Cross hospital plan benefits are available in service, not case, but the "service benefits" in member-hospitals are translated into cash allowances in other institutions when a subscriber is absent from the community where he has enrolled, Through the Hospital Service Plan Commission, arrangements were begun in 1941 by which paidup subscribers may transfer from one approved plan to another, also receive service benefits in out-of-town hospitals.

The 1941 income of Blue Cross plans was approx!mately $45,000,000, of which 80 per cent was paid for hospital care, 10 per cent used for promotion and administration, and 10 per cent reserved for epidemics and other emergencies.

Births and Deaths with Rates in the United States

Source: United States Bureau of the Census

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1916.

Number. Rate.

Number. Rate.

1917.

1918

1918.

1919

1920

1921.

1922

1923

1924

1925

1926

1927

1928.

1929.

1930.

18.6

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420,881 398,102 818,983 25.0 264,498 222,184 696,101 657,691 1,353,792 24.7 423,359 352,863 701,164 662,485 1,363,649 24.6 534,720 461.907 705,593 667,845 1,373,438 22.3 775,322 733,552 1,508,874 23.7 881,591 832,670 1,714,261 24.2 911,831 863,080 1,774,911 22.3 921,020 871,626 1,792,646 22.2 528,429 463,808 992,431 938,183 1,930,614 22.4 542,637 464,357 966,973 911,907 1,878,880 21.5 555,267 475,251 953,638 902,430 1,856,068 20.7 589,653 503,858 1,099,287 1,038,549 2,137,836 20.6 638,080 1,147,625 1,085,524 2,233,149 19.8 738,891 1,114,814 1,055,106 2,169,920 18.9 745,491 1,131,976 1,071,982 2,203,958 723,315 1,084,404 1,028,356 2,112,760 1,063.885 1,010,157 2,074,042 17.3 1,068.871 1,012,361 2,081,232 1.112,703 1,054,933 2,167.636 17.2 624,308 1,396.903 11.1 1,105,489 1,049,616 2,155,105 17.0 771,320 621,432 1,392,752 11.0 1,099,465 1,045,325 2,144,790 16.8 821,439 657,789 1,479,228 11.6 1,130,641 1,072,696 2,203,337 17.1 808.834 641,593 1.450.427 11.3 1,172,541 1,114,421 2,286,962 17.6 764,902 616,489 1.381,391 10.7 1,162,600 1,102,988 2,265,558 17.3 768,877 619,020 1,387,897 10.6

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The birth and death rates in the above table are per 1,000 population.
There were 2,353,988 live births and 1,417,257 deaths in 1940.

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BIRTH RATES IN UNITED STATES BY STATES, 1925-1939
1925 1926 1927 1928 1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939
21.5 20.7 20.6 19.8 18.9 18.9 18.0 17.4 16.5 17.1 16.9 16.7 17.0 17.6 17.3
26.3 24.5 24.0 24.0 23.3 23.0 21.4 22.6 22.0 21.0 21.3 22.2 21.8
... 21.1 20.9 21.4 22.4 24.0 22.0 20.3 19.7 20.9 22.5 23.5 25.5 22.3 22.2
22.1 20.8 20.2 22.1 21.7 19.5 18.4 19.0 17.9 16.6 17.2 19.2 18.3
18.4 17.1 16.6 15.8 14.8 14.8 14.1 13.4 12.8 13.2 13.4 13.9 15.3 15.3 15.2
.18.8 17.4 18.1 17.7 16.8 16.3 16.9 17.7 17.1 18.3 18.7 18.6
19.8 19.1 18.7 18.0 17.1 17.2 15.6 14.3 13.4 13.1 13.0 12.8 13.1 14.1 13.8
20.2 18.0 18.2 18.3 18.1 18.7 17.4 17.4 15.7 15.8 15.8 15.1 16.7 16.9 16.6
19.6 19.0 19.1 18.7 18.4 19.1 18.4 19.3 18.3 18.1 18.2 18.9 19.7 20.5 21.6
23.8 27.1 25.6 21.5 18.8 18.3 18.0 17.9 16.5 16.8 17.4 17.1 17.7 17.4 17.5
20.3 20.1 20.8 21.0 21.5 20.4 21.5 20.8 20.1 20.8 21.0 20.9
21.2 20.8 20.5 19.8 20.5 20.0 19.0 15.4 19.8 19.8 21.1 21.0 22.1 21.4
19.1 18.6 18.3 17.4 17.0 16.8 15.4 14.4 13.9 14.1 14.3 14.3 14.6 15.6 15.0
20.8 20.1 19.7 18.9 18.3 18.2 17.0 15.9 15.0 15.4 15.4 15.6 16.1 17.8 17.1
19.6 18.7 18.2 17.6 17.1 17.3 16.8 16.2 15.7 16.8 16.2 16.8 16.5 17.1 17.3
20.1 19.1 18.8 18.2 17.4 17.9 17.5 16.9 16.4 17.4 16.3 15.9 15.7 16.4 16.1
25.2 23.8 24.3 23.0 21.7 22.6 21.3 21.9 20.0 21.3 20.3 19.3 19.2 22.1 21.5
22.9 20.5 20.3 20.4 20.5 20.5 18.8 20.3 19.9 20.7 21.2 21.1 20.9
22.3 20.9 20.7 20.8 20.0 20.2 20.1 19.7 18.2 18.8 18.6 17.9 17.8 18.2 17.8
21.9 21.0 20.5 19.9 18.5 18.5 17.5 17.5 16.6 16.4 16.3 15.9 16.5 16.3 15.8
21.2 20.3 19.9 18.9 17.5 17.3 16.2 16.0 14.7 14.8 14.4 13.9 13.9 14.2 14.7
23.1 22.4 22.1 21.1 20.8 20.6 19.0 18.0 17.2 17.9 18.5 18.5 19.0 19.2 18.3
21.7 21.0 20.2 19.5 18.3 18.5 18.1 17.9 17.1 17.5 17.5 18.1 18.1 18.2 18.1
23.7 26.3 25.3 24.4 22.9 24.0 22.5 23.0 22.0 23.8 24.1 24.6 25.8 25.0 23.8
18.6 17.6 16.9 17.0 16.4 15.9 15.0 15.3 14.6 14.1 14.3 15.6 15.6
18.9 18.2 18.1 18.5 18.7 18.6 18.0 17.0 16.8 18.7 18.9 19.6 19.0 19.4 19.7
21.8 21.0 20.5 20.5 19.4 19.6 19.4 18.3 17.7 18.4 17.1 17.4 16.3 16.9 16.9
14.2 14.6 13.2 13.3 14.1 15.6 14.4 14.2 17.2 17.7 17.8
20.7 19.1 19.2 18.8 17.6 17.8 16.3 16.2 15.1 15.9 15.5 15.1 15.0 16.1 16.3
20.4 19.5 19.1 18.0 17.2 16.8 15.6 14.7 13.3 12.8 12.7 12.4 12.6 13.6 13.6
27.1 28.6 29.1 29.4 29.2 30.3 31.3 30.6 32.8 28.0 27.3
19.9 18.9 19.0 18.3 17.5 17.1 16.2 15.6 14.6 14.4 14.3 14.1 14.3 14.3 14.1
29.0 27.9 27.7 26.4 24.7 24.1 23.1 23.7 22.6 23.6 23.0 22.0 22.6 22.9 22.4
21.8 22.3 21.9 22.2 21.6 21.7 20.9 20.4 19.0 20.9 19.5 19.3 17.9 20.2 20.5
20.3 19.6 19.3 18.5 17.7 17.8 16.2 15.2 14.3 14.9 15.1 15.4 16.0 16.5 15.9
18.4 16.8 17.7 17.8 16.8 17.7 19.0 17.4 16.5 16.3 18.9 18.6
17.7 16.6 16.1 15.2 14.1 14.1 13.6 13.1 12.3 13.1 13.1 13.7 15.1 15.3 15.5
23.4 22.3 22.4 21.2 19.8 19.6 18.3 17.1 15.8 16.0 16.0 15.7 15.8 16.9 16.3
22.2 20.7 20.6 19.3 18.0 17.7 16.5 16.3 15.2 15.2 15.0 15.0 15.0 15.1. 14.8
25.0 22.7 23.2 22.4 23.2 22.4 24.3
19.1 18.6 19.0
21.5 19.6 19.5 20.0 19.5 19.4 18.3 18.8
18.0 19.3
28.6 27.0 26.2 26.0 24.6 25.4 23.6 23.4 23.2 24.6
21.1 20.0 19.6 19.6 18.7 19.2 18.3 16.4 16.5 17.6
25.8 24.3 24.3 23.5 22.4 22.5 21.3 21.7 20.0 20.1
16.9 16.1 15.5 15.2 14.6 14.7 13.9 13.4 13.0 13.9 13.7 14.2 15.1 15.8 15.5
28.2 26.9 27.1 25.8 23.8 24.0
20.5 19.7 20.2 19.9 19.0 19.3
22.9 20.5 20.6 20.4 19.8 19.8

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Death Rates in U. S. by States, 1922-1939

Source: United States Bureau of the Census; rates are per 1,000 estimated population

|1922 1923 1924 1925 1926|1927|1928|1929|1930|1931|1932|1933|1934 1935 1936|1937,1938 1939 Regis. Area 11.7 12.2 11.7 11.8 12.3 11.4 12.1 11.9 10.9 10.7 10.5 10.7 11.0 10.9 11.5 11.2 10.7 10.6

Alabama...

Arizona.

Arkansas.

California.

11.6 11.7 10.5 12.3 12.411.410.5 10.1.9.8 10.5 10.110.9 10.7 10.6 10.0 14.0 14.4 15.4 15.9 15.414.3 12.9 13.4 13.9 15.0 16.1 16.8 12.3 11.9 10.0 10.9 10.5 10.2 9.4 8.5 8.5 8.5 8.1 9.1 9.0 8.8 8.5 13.113.0 12.9 12.3 12.112.1 12.5 11.911.611.711.611.611.512.1 12.6 13.0 11.411.4 Colorado. 13.7 12.7 12.8 12.7 12.3 13.0 13.8 12.5 12.711.9 12.011.4 11.8 12.4 12.8 12.9 11.4 11.3 Connecticut. 12.1 12.2 11.5 11.8 12.0 10.8 11.4 11.5 10.7 10.5 10.210.410.3 10.3 10.3 10.310.4 10.4 Delaware... 13.2 14.113.1 13.5 14.8 12.8 13.6 13.213.6 13.6 12.9 13.213.3 12.5 12.8 12.6 12.212.0 Dist. of Col. 14.015.6 14.3 15.1 15.8 14.7 15.1 15.4 15.0 15.2 15.114.5 14.814.3 14.7 13.9 12.6 12.8 Florida.. 11.5 12.4 13.4 13.6 15.6 13.6 13.7 12.712.4 12.011.9 12.0 12.8 12.4 12.8 12.611.811.5 Georgia. 10.7 11.7 12.0 12.4 12.2 12.111.210.8 10.4 11.811.312.211.211.0 10.3 Idaho... 8.6 7.6 8.7 7.8 8.8 8.6 9.4 9.2 9.3 8.8 8.6 8.7 9.3 9.5 10.3 9.6 8.9 9.2 Illinois. 11.211.911.0 11.511.811.3 12.1 11.6 10.9 11.210.8 10.6 11.210.911.811.110.811.1 Indiana. 11.9 12.8 12.1 12.5 12.811.9 12.7 12.7 12.111.811.611.312.011.512.311.811.4 11.6 Iowa.

Kansas

Kentucky

Louisiana..
Maine.

10.5 9.8 10.0 10.410.0 10.3 10.4 10.610.310.210.210.6 10.4 11.2 10.410.210.5 10.5 10.9 9.8 10.210.410.0 11.2 10.410.4 9.9 10.4 10.5 10.7 10.811.5 10.310.310.2 10.7 11.8 10.711.3 11.8 10.6 11.8 12.011.210.8 10.710.3 10.7 10.3 11.2 10.6 10.5 10.5 11.111.8 12.7 12.8 12.211.8 12.2 11.9 11.7 11.111.0 10.911.011.2 12.2 11.7 10.7 10.5 14.7 15.0 13.8 13.814.4 13.9 13.9 14.3 13.913.0 13.113.4 13.113.0 13.3 13.4 12.6 12.9 Maryland..13.614.6 13.7 14.0 14.5 13.3 13.6 13.5 13.213.212.7 12.4 12.6 12.7 13.113.211.711.6 Massach'ts. 12.9 13.1 12.3 12.7 12.811.9 12.2 12.311.611.4 11.511.811.711.5 11.811.811.5 11.8 Michigan...11.112.111.3 11.5 12.311.2 11.8 11.810.7 10.3 10.410.3 10.810.811.511.110.0 10.1 Minnesota. 9.7 10.3 10.0 10.2 10.3 9.8 10.3 10.110.0 9.8 9.9 9.7 10.110.0 10.9 10.1 9.5 9.7 Mississippi..10.5 10.9 11.2 11.6 12.3 11.9 13.1 13.0 12.0 11.0 10.1 10.8 10.9 10.6 12.0 11.810.6 10.4 Missouri. 11.212.111.6 11.7 12.111.4 12.6 12.311.811.911.611.112.111.0 12.311.311.3 11.3 Montana.. 9.3 9.0 9.1 9.610.0 9.9 10.7 10.7 10.1 9.9 9.9 9.810.6 11.811.811.410.310.7 Nebraska... 9.4 9.5 9.3 9.3 9.4 9.1 10.0 9.8 9.7 9.4 9.4 9.4 9.8 9.7 10.1 9.7 9.0 9.2 Nevada. 13.3 12.7 14.5 14.112.813.213.414.4 13.111.9 11.6 New Hamp.. 14.6 15.0 14.0 14.4 14.7 13.8 14.0 14.113.5 12.5 13.113.3 12.9 13.0 12.7 12.813.212.9 New Jersey 12.0 12.0 11.5 11.6 12.111.111.6 11.6 10.7 10.810.3 10.410.3 10.110.410.410.6 10.6 New Mexico. 15.415.6 14.6 14.113.814.514.914.8 15.211.7 11.4 New York.. 12.7 12.7 12.4 12.3 12.811.7 12.4 12.4 11.711.711.611.611.6 11.5 11.911.911.111.2 N. Carolina.11.411.611.811.3 11.7 10.9 11.8 11.811.210.2 9.5 9.210.4 9.8 10.3 9.7 9.6 9.0 N. Dakota.. 7.3 7.6 7.9 7.8 8.2 8.0 7.9 7.5 7.5 7.9 8.4 8.4 8.0 7.7 8.1 8.4 Ohio. 11.4 12.411.4 11.8 12.4 11.5 12.3 12.4 11.511.311.4 10.9 11.5 11.5 12.111.9 10.9 11.2 Oklahoma. 9.0 9.0 8.2 7.7 7.9 8.2 8.6 8.4 9.2 8.4 8.5 8.7 Oregon 11.3 10.711.111.0 11.111.2 11.3 11.3 11.010.610.5 10.610.611.312.212.011.110.9 Pennsyl'v'a. 12.4 13.4 12.4 12.6 13.0 11.9 12.6 12.311.611.511.110.711.0 10.8 11.111.3 10.9 10.9 Rhode Isld..13.0 13.6 13.0 12.7 13.4 11.9 12.5 13.111.7 11.611.811.611.311.511.912.211.811.0 So. Carolina 12.2 12.1 13.4 12.8 13.6 12.6 14.1 13.3 12.911.9 11.110.711.7 11.111.5 11.0 11.0 10.2 8. Dakota.. 8.5 8.5 8.3 8.8 9.3 9.1 8.9 8.6 8.4 8.5 Tennessee. 10.711.711.4 11.2 12.5 11.4 12.2 12.2 11.410.710.6 10.210.9 10.6 11.410.5 10.2 9.9 9.8 9.910.110.8 10.6 9.5 9.4 10.1 9.9 8.8 8.6 8.5 9.4 9.8 9.9 9.6 9.0 8.6 14.713.0 12.3 12.9 12.5 13.0 12.7 13.0 13.0 12.812.7 13.0 12.512.111.511.111.711.5 12.111.511.3 10.8 10.6 10.610.410.410.410.811.111.811.5 10.9 10.8 10.610.5 10.0 10.1 9.3 10.0 10.1 10.9 10.3 9.5 9.3 10.7 10.410.3 10.410.110.5 10.6 11.4 10.9 9.9 10.1 9.0 9.2 8.9 9.0 8.6 9.1 9.8 10.3 10.3 9.2 9.0 DEATH RATES (PER 100,000 POPULATION) FROM CHIEF CAUSES, IN U. S.

Texas.
Utah.
10.5 9.6 10.6 9.3 10.6 9.6 10.3
Vermont. 14.6 15.113.714.414.6 13.6 13.6
Virginia. 12.313.112.4 12.4 12.9 12.0 12.6
Washingtom 10.1 9.7 10.1 10.4 10.3 10.6 10.9
W. Virginia.
10.7 11.110.2 10.4
Wisconsin. 10.110.7 10.2 10.5 10.7 10.4 11.0
Wyoming.. 9.6 10.6 9.9 9.0 8.9 9.1 9.8

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Deaths from certain causes:
Tuberculosis (all forms)-((1935) 70,080; (1936) 71,527; (1937) 69,324; (1938) 63.736; (1939) 61,609.
Alcoholism-(1935) 3,340; (1936) 3,714; (1937) 3.305; (1938) 2,569: (1939) 2,558.
Cirrhosis of the liver-(1935) 10.083; (1936) 10,587; (1937) 10,960; (1938) 10.808; (1939) 10,904.
Syphilis (1934) 11,726; (1935) 11,590; (1936) 12,612; (1937) 13,221; (1938) 12,670; (1939) 19.604.
Cancer-(1934) 134,428; (1935) 137.649; (1936) 142.612; (1937) 144.774; (1938) 149,204; (1939) 153,846.
Diseases of the heart-(1934) 303,724; (1935) 312.333; (1936) 341,350; (1937) 346,401; (1939) 360,634.
Suicide (1934) 18,828; (1935) 18.214; (1936) 18.294; (1937) 19.294; (1938) 19,802; (1939) 18,511.
In 1939, apoplexy (intra cranial lesions of vascular origin) killed 114,967; nephritis, 108,512; influenza
and pneumonia (all forms). 99,097.

Alcohol

Cir

rhosis

Appen

diciti

Deaths in U. S. from Homicide, 1925-1939

Source: United States Bureau of the Census
1925 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938

1939

Area

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Lynchings in the United States Since 1882

Source: Monroe N. Work, Director, Department of Records and Research, Tuskegee Institute, Ala. Year. W. N. Total Year.

W. N. Total Year. W. N. Total Year W. N. Tota

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